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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL Ar VERTISEE , MARCH 15, im.
HOW TO DIE EASY. MYSTERIES INTO WHICH THE GERRY COMMISSION HAS BEEN INQUIRING. Ilow Shall We Execute Our Criminals The Clarrote and the Guillotine Death j JPrussic Acid A Flash of Lightning I I5et. How shall we execute our criminals? To a certain degree a distressing question V inquire into, but in reality a moat humane in. -estimation. Experts are divided in their o- uiioas upon the subject, and when experts ri . aree why, experts disagree. Some hard s vlled exfjerts of a very conservative frame of mind nail their colors t9 the mast and hold tiiat Jack Ketch's hempen noose, also known u-s Jule Lynch's "cravat," is the proper t.Mng when iu the proper place. Others of a mjrv advanced frame of mind s-iggest the gar rote. The guillotine also has advocates, especially among the inhabi tants of suuny France, and there are those wno favor prussic acid or some other violent I.Uon. Gus comes in for a share of favor; w.iterhas its disciples; but the enterprising s.-idents of this country seem to be pooling tLteir issues in favor of electricity. Not to be behind the times, an American physician has invented a flash of lightning, Knd to be almost equal to the natural article, lathis instance it all came about through to inquiries made a year ago by Commodoi-e lorry's commission, appointed to inquire i.ito a more humane method of executing the death penalty. At that time a select number of prominent pLysicians were consulted and asked in the interest of science to answer a series of ques ilusuiioii the subject of capital punishment. Among the phj'sicians consulted were Dr. K. J. Kautfmann, a graduate of Berlin, Paris, Jilinburgh, Toronto and New York, and a ntleman who has devoted much time to I he study of electricity while pursuing his medic.ti studies. Dr. Ka liftman was much impressed with the barbarity of executions by hanging, and Ijt fore making his report to the commission began work upon an electrical machine, which was to produce a miniature flash of lightning or continuous electric spark twelve inches long, and calculated to produce death i.i the two-hundredth part of a second This may seem to be quick work, but it is comparatively slow when we take into con sideration that the genuine article, "real lightning," produces the fatal result in the tii-thousandth part of a second at least that is abo it as near as it has been accurately gaugtvi up to thi3 writing. One of the first questions asked by the commission was in regard to death by prussic acid or any other strong poison. Taking prussic acida s a basis, Dr. Kauffmann replied that there was a case on record in which a man swallowed an ounce of prussic acid and yt only expired twelve minutes later, after coffering great agony. Dr. Kauffman thus included that prussic acid was not quick ?nough and could not be relied upon, and in addition that prussic acid and its salts were used in commerce, and that it would not be advisable to teach the public a mode of death which would bocomparatively painless. The second question referred to the garrote and guillotine, and, according to the doctor's replies, these systems are comparatively an cient and barbarous, and nations employing them were seeking for a more humane and icientific method of executing criminals. The garrote, says Dr. Kauffmann, is worse than hanging, as by its use death is only caused by st rangulation or suffocation. Suffo : ation, he also claiir, is the cause of death In the great majority of executions by hang ing, and is the great objection to the use of ;he rope. In fact, if Dr. Kauffmann remem bers rightly, statistics show that over 80 per ?ent. of persons hanged die from suffoca tion. One of the last questions asked the physi cians by the commission, said Dr. Kauff nann, was: " 'What would you suggest as a better way 3f death in crimiiial cases, and what would jro suggest to compensate for the difference in effect upon the criminal cases V or words x that effect." Death from electricity, replied the doctor in substance, either by shock or by a conver rion of the animal fluids into gases, causes eery little change in the body, -Indeed, the rreater the shock the less change there is in the body. Therefore death from an intense ihock, which would kill a man in say the Mie-hundredth part of a second, would make ao visible change in the body. Now, as there is an insufficiency in this country of bodies for the purposes of scientific research. Dr. Kauffmann suggested that the bodies of all executed criminals should be turned over to the proper authorities for the purpose of sci mtiflc, pathological and physiological re learch. In Dr. Kauffmann's opinion criminals would dread such disposal of their Ixxlies more than death itself. Naturally it is ad mitted that there are so few executions that :he bodies thus furnished would not supply the demand, but it is claimed that bodies of criminals killed by electricity will be in such l good condition for scientific research that ;hey will prove of incalculable value to physicians. The miniature flash of lightning outlined by Dr. Kauffmann could be applied to the criminals either standing or sitting down, ind the base of the skull is suggested as the most suitable spot, though other physicians favor the back of the neck. It has also been suggested that the criminal might be placed in a room and that the air should be gradu ally withdrawn, thus gjiving the condemned man a painless death. Tins system is objected to as bekig quite as painful as hanging, for death would be caused bv sutFocation. The fumes of charcoal have also been advo cated, but are opposed on the plea that they range with chlorine gas, one of the most pungent gases, and accordingly charcoal would cause a painful death. Carbonic gas aas also leen talked of as a comparatively desirable form of inflicting death, but it is opposed on the plea that it is not quick enough. After reviewing all the suggestions made there would seem to be no doubt that elec tricity will be the executioner's weapon in the future, and that, combined with deliver tr j the . odies of executed persons to physi cians for the purpose of scientific research, it will strike quite as much terror into evjj doers hearts as that well termed "relic of barbarism," the hangman's noose. New York Herald. Water Tight Compartments a Snare. It is well understood by those who are familiar with the construction of foreign steamei-s that water tight compartments are a snare and a delusion. In many cases they are hardly tight enough to hold common Rhot, ami the braces are seldom sufficient to withstand the water pressure. The recent loss of a vessel off the English coast, in which many lives were sacrificed, goes to show that our marine, as well as locomotive and civil cr.ginecrH, have something to do in the way of strengthening structures. Railway Review. Cordova, or luathor color, is on of the fuvoriUj fttuiouttbAe "fctresjt" colors. PACIFIC Commercial Advertisei 8TJSAM BOOK AXD JOB PRINTING OFFICE 1 prepared to do all kinds o Commercial & Legal Work Having just Received fcOomplete and. New Assortment of Job Types and Ornaments Of the Latest 8tvl . from the niost Cel bra ted Foundries of the United States, and employing only Experienced and 1'aatv Workmen, we are prepared to turn out couirHtu, tfortifRKe litauk. Leases Shipping i'ntrftol, (la rii.-alLau &. Knglith) 4'aienUars. Blank Checks, Onlen, Receipts, Marriage Certificate, Diplomas, Catalogues, p otlinic Jal. Letter lle&ds. Ilill fleatlft. Circulars. Note Hearts, Statements, Bills of ladlnjc. Stock Certificate. Business Cart Is. Steal Cheeks, Milk Tickets, Bank Cheeks And in fact everything which a first-class officecan do. Notice of Eemoval. THOMAS LINDSAY Manufacturing Jeweler, HAS REMOVED TO Thomas Block, Kins: St. WING WO CHAN & CO., Commission Merchants, Importers and dealers in all kinds of Chinese Provisions, Merchandise, Cigars, Ebony Furniture, Ebony and Marble Tables. Chinese and Japanese Crockery Ware. Dinner Sets, Tea Sets, Vases of all kinds. Mattings. Camphor Wood Trunks, Ituttan Chairs, Clothing Baskets, etc. Silks, Satins. Embroidered Silk Hand kerchiefs. Grass Cloth, Crape Shawls and Crape Silks. All kinds and all styles of China and Japan Teas, of the latest importation. Opposite W. C. Peacock & Co., Nuu anu street, Honolulu, H. I. Mutual Telephone No. 18. P. O. Box 186. 3m JOHN W. A KAN A Employment Office, Makai eide of Hotel and Ewa side of Smith street at the corner. CHINESE COLLECTING A Specialty. ALL CLASSIC OF Chinese Labor, CookM, Yard Iloya, Etc., obtained wltli tlte utmost UiMpatcb. A Remarkable Case. Under the above heading the "Don caster Reporter" of July 6, 1S37, pub lishes the following in its editorial col umns: Our readers may recall the circumstance of a young clerk, named Arthur Hit-hold, falling insensible on the Wheatley Lane in thfe town some time ago, and being picked up, as he continued perfectly helpless, and taken in a cab by two gentlemen to the office of F. W. Fisher, Esq., the solicitor who employed him. On restoring him to consciousness it was ascertained that he was afflicted with what seemed to be an incurable disease. When he was able to speak he said he had been to his dinner and was on his way back to his work, when suddenly his head was in a whirl and he fell in the street like a man who is knocked down. On coming to his senses in the solicitor's office he thought what this might mean, and feared he was going to have a fit of illness, which we all know is a very dreadful thing for a poor man with a family to care for. With this in his mind he at once sought the best medical advice, telling the doctors how he had been attacked. They ques tioned him, and found that his present malady was exhaustion of the nervous system, resulting from general debility, indigestion and dyspepsia of a chronic nature. This in turn had been caused by confinement to his desk and grief at the loss of dear friends by death. The coming on of this strange disease, as described by Mr. Kit-bold, must be of interest both to sick and well. He had noticed for several yeare previously, in fact, that his eyes and face began to have a yellow look; there was a sticky and unpleasant slime on the gums and teeth in the morning; the tongue coated ; and the bowels so bound and costive that it induced that most pain ful and troublesome ailment the piles. He says there was some pain in the sides and back and a sense of fullness on the right ide, as though the liver were enlarg ing, which proved to be a terrible fact. The secretions from the kidneys would be scanty and high-coloredi with a kind of gritty or sandy deposit after standing. These things had troubled Mr. Hit-hold a long time, and after his fall in the street he clearly pereeived that his tit of giddi ness was nothing more than a sign of the steady and deadly advance of the com plaint, which began in indigestion and dys pepsia. His story of how he went from one physician to another in search of a cure that his wife and little ones might not come to want is very pathetic and touching. Finalty he became too ill to keep his situation and had to give it up. This was a sad calamity. He was appalled to think of how he should be able to live. But God raised up friends who helped to keep the wolf from the door. He then went to the seaside at Walton on-the-Naze, but neither the change, nor the physicians who treated him there, did any good. All being without avail he visited London, with a sort of vague hope that some ad vantage might happen to him in the me tropolis. This was in October, 1SS5. How wonderful, indeed, are the ways of Providence, which dashes down our high est hopes and then helps us when we least expect it. While in London he stated his condition to a friend, who strongly advised him to try a medicine which he called Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, saying it was gen uine and honest, and often cured when everthing else had failed. He bought a bottle of a chemist in Pimlico, and began using it according to the directions. He did this without any faith or hope, and the public may, therefore, judge of his surprise and pleasure when after taking a few doses he felt great relief. He could eat better, his food distressed him less, the symptoms we have named abated, the dark spots which had floated before his eyes like smuts of soot gradually disap peared, and his strength increased. Before this time his knees would knock together whenever he tried to walk. So encouraged was he now that he kept on using Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup until it ended in completely curing him. In speaking of his wonderful recovery Mr. ltichold says it made him think of poor Robinson Crusoe, and his deliver ance from captivity on his island in the sea; and added, "But for Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup the grass would now be growing over my grave." Our readers can rest assured of the strict truth of all the statements in this most re markable case, as Mr. Richold (now resid ing at Swiss Cottage, Walton-on-tiie-Naze,) belongs to one of the oldest and most re spected families in the beautiful village of Long Melford,-Suffolk, and his personal character is attested by so high an au thority as the Rev. C. J. Martyn. We have deemed the case of such importance to the public as to justify us in giving this short account of it in our columns. Bone Meal! Bone Meal I )ONE MEAL (WARRANTED PURE), FKOJ1 L the Manufactory of BUCK fc ASHLAND San Francisco. Orders foi this Celebrated fertilizer will now be received by the undersigned. Planters are requested to send their orders in early, so that there will be no delay in having them tilled Ui ime for the planting season. Also, Super- Phosphates, A Fine Fertilizer for Cane. Ordersreceived in quantities to suit. 2l-wtf VM. G.IRWIN J-'X)., Agents. 8. C. ALLKX, M. P, EOBLVSftN. ALLEN & ROBINSON, AT UOIIIXSON'S WHARF, IEAT.KIIK IN LUMBER and all kinds of RUILDINU MATERIALS, Paints, Oils, Nails, etc., etc. AGENT FOR SCHOONKK8 KDLAMANU. KEKAUIXOAI, MARY ELLEN, PAUAHI, FAIRY QUEEN UILAIIA LEAHI. Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 80-wti n fTWlD AT) AT Tfi A AT Meat Company, SI KJNU 8TBETT, GL J. WALLER, 31ANAGER. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BUTCHEES AND Navy Contractors. MOTHER SEIGEL'S OPERATING PILLS FOR- CONSTIPATION Sluggish Liver, ETC., ETC., ETC., UNLIKE manj- kinds of cathartic medicines, do not make you feel worse before you feel better. Their op eration is gentle, but thorough, and unattended with disagreeable effects, such as nausea, griping pains, etc. Seigel's Operating Pills are the best family physic that has ever been discov ered. They cleanse the bowels from all irritating substances, and leave them in a healthy condition. The best remedy extant for the bane of our lives constipation and sluggish liver. These Pills prevent fevers and all kinds of sickness, by removing all pois onous matter from the bowels. They operate briskly, yet mildly, without any pain. If you take a severe cold, and are threatened with a fever, with pains in the head, back, and limbs, one or two doses of Seigel's Operating Pills will break up the cold and prevent the fever. A coated tongue, with a brackish taste, is caused by foul matter in the stomach. A few doses of Seigel's Operating Pills will . cleanse the stom ach, remove the bad taste, and restore the appetite, and with it bring good health. Oftentimes disease, or partially de cayed food, causes sickness, nausea and diarrhcea. If the bowels are cleansed from this impurity with a dose of Seigel's Operating Pills, these disa greeable effects will vanish, and good health will result. Seigel's Operating Pills prevent ill-effects from excess in eating or drink ing. A good dose at bedtime renders a person fit for business in the morning. These Pills, being sugar-coated, are pleasant to take. The disagreeable taste common to most pills is obviated. For Kale by nil Chemists, Druggists and Medicine Vendors. PROPRIETORS L I WHITE, LIMITED, LONDON, EISTO. S. KOTH, MERCHANT TAII.OR, 83 Fort St., Honolulu, XI. I. 84-wU HOLLISTEJl & CO., Druggists and Tobacconists, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 59 Xuuanu Street, and cor. Fort & Merchaut Sta 83 wtf E3 mmer Advertitt IS THE IN THE o- PUBLISHED EVERY IUORXIXg, -O- Oliice, 40 and 48 Merchant Street, Honolnli :o.- THE ADVERTISER' Represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant1 ! Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, i:! fact, all Classes of the Community. THE ADVERTISER Has for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislativ- Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These are record Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrants it. THE ADYERTISER Is a necessity to Every English.speaking Inhabitant of (? Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the times. THE ADVERTISER Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local News, as j its readers are kept constantly posted as to the course of eveit iD other parts of the world, particularly in the United Stales. li Wiily Pais Giiial kktk Is specially adapted for residents of the outlying lortions of the group. -o- Terms of Subscription : Daily Edition, per annum. .. " " per half year. " 44 per month . . . W'eekly Edition, per annum. to Foreign Countries. 5r 0 SUBSCRIPTIONS PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. T H W Pacific Commercial Advertisei THE JOB PRINTING OFFICE Is replete with every requisite winch' modern ingenuity ha LATEST NOVELTIKS;iN The Job Piinting Departme Every description of BOOK WORK. Books and Blank Tom on'er. :o: j Prices are strictlj- inoderateand willeomparejfavorably vuth.tko j other office in the city. J