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DAILY PAOIFIU COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER NOVEMBEK 28, 1888,
: 1 '
Oriu i: r thi: l..iu of IIkalth,
HoNoi.iM, Nov. 20, lsS.)
Scaled Teiult-rs nil) be received at the
oilicc of (he Hoard of Health until
fKIDA Y, Xoveinber ;0, LSSS, at U oVIook
a.m., for the erection of a Ke.skl&iee for
the JSnperinteiident at the Leper Settle
ment on Molokai.
l'lans ami specifications may be seen at
the ollice of the Hoard.
The Hoard does not bind irseif to accept
the lowest or any bid.
W. (?r ASHLEY,
Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
He just ami fear not:
Let .'ill the ends thou aimVt at be
TLj- Country', thy God', and Truth's.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2$, 1SSS.
mis proaueeu woeiui
many places a thinv: of the
Thk advantages of tree culture have
been shown on a small scale in this
country, but there has been no sustained
effort as yet made by our legislature or by
our public men to brin the forests of
these islands under systematic manage
ment. The subject has occupied the
attention of all civilized Governments
throughout the world, and the "willful
want M is in
past. In British India especial attention
lias been given to the subject, and the
otforts m;iIe there have been crowned
with success. In that country for the
year 1SS0-7 a net revenue, after paying
all expenses, of 41,017,000 rupees was
obtained from the forests, and it must be
remembered that twenty years ago there
was no revenue at all, and that the
country was being slowly denuded of its
forests. Now there is this large revenue,
and the foiest land is yearly improving
No one who travels about these islands
can fail to be" struck at the gradual fail
ure of the forests. Those of us who have
known the group for twenty or thirty
years have seen for ourselves the extinc
tion of large tracts of forest lands. Va
rious causes have been at work. The
forests have not all been destroyed by
cattle, though undoubtedly cattle have
done their share; but the plantations
have carried olF large quantities to their
furnaces, and there has been reckless
cutting by Chinese contractors.
Forests, such as we have here, if pro
perly looked after, should have amply
supplied the wants of manufacturers and
those of all households. But to go on
recklessly cutting as has obtained in the
past, and to make no effort to supply the
place of the cut timber, is living on our
capital, and some day we shall awake to
a thorough bankruptcy in timber. It is
all very well to say the "forests will
last our time ; what do we care so long
as we can get what we want." We have
our duty as a state, and it is the duty of
each generation to hand on the country
to those who come after it in a better
condition than when taken in charge by
the men now in their maturity. This
realizing of the duties of citizenship is
one of the hardest lessons for men to
learn. We trust the lesson will be
learned with regard to Hawaiian forests
before the next session of the Legislature.
Sinvi: the departure of the Australia
on Tuesday of last week, there has been
a great ileal of sharp criticism heard
about town, based upon the apparent
fact that a delinquent debtor had been
able to snap his fingers at his creditors.,
and sail serenely away under the protec
tion ot al-oreign Oniee passport. The
case as commonly stated and understood
seeming to be one which required ex
planation, we have taken the trouble to
inquire into the tacts, and find them
to be as follows. Section 453 of the
Civil Code reads: "The Minister of
Foreign Atfairs may issue passports to
all ministers, diplomatic agents, and
consuls of the King, sent abroad, and to
consuls and other commercial agents of
foreign governments, and to all subjects
of the Kingdom going abroad, who may
desire the same.'' In accordance with
the provisions of this section, Mr.
Graenhalgh, who by receiving letters of
denization was invested with all the
rights of a subject of the Kingdom, ap
plied at the Foreign Office for a passport,
explaining that such a document would
be of material advantage to him in the
business upon which he was going
abroad. The transaction being perfectly
legal, and there being no reason for re
fusing, it was promised that the pass
port should In? issued. Before it was
actually delivered, however, a protest in
due form was tiled with the Foreign Min
ister by one of Mr. Graenhalgh's credi
tors, and accordingly, when that gentle
man called cr sent for his passport, he
was told that he could not have it.
About half an hour before the time ad
vertised for the sailing of .the steamer,
Mr. G. came to tie Foreign Office,
accompanied by the attorney of the
party on whose behalf the protest had
been made, and the attorney, then and ;
0 LUS0 HAWA1IAN0.
there, on behalf of his clients, withdrew
the same. The Minister then communi
cated with the Custom House, and
learning that there was no lbgal protest
or objection to be found on the records
of the latter place, the passport was de
livered to the applicant. Finally, the
Foreign Minister was on the wharf up to
the sailing of the steamer, and was pre
pared, even then, to recall and cancel
the passport, had any person having a
right to object to Mr. Graenhalgh's de
parture, made formal application to that
effect. We know nothing about the de
parted tradesman and his business
atfairs, beyond what is known to the
public generally. In view, however, of
the above described facts, which we sup
pose can be easily verified, it seems quite
certain that, whatever the general im
pression may have been, his creditors
have no just ground of complaint against
either the Foreign Office or the Custom
We do not hold ourselves responsible for the
statements made, or opinions expressed by our
Mit. Editor : A communication with
the above heading appeared in the Bul
letin of Nov. 24, signed "Aloha," and
dated at Hamakua. The writer is evi
dently unacquainted with American
"machine politics," or with the techni
cal meaning of the term " boss."
The modern " boss " is the latest pro
duet of the spoils system of politics, and
is found in perfection in the slums of the
great cities. Wherever an ignorant or
corrupt voting population exists, there is
the favorite field of the "boss' and the
"saloon" is his natural ally. The "carpet-bagger"
is simply a travelling candi
date for the position.
The theory of the boss is that govern
ment is an organization for the purpose
of extracting money from tax payers'
pockets for the benefit of professional
politicians. Public office is not a public
trust, but a reward for partisan service.
The familiar phrases, "the loaves and
fishes," "the public crib," etc. express
this degraded view of the subject. A
party is not a union of citizens who are
agreed on certain great principles, and
wish to have them put in practice, but a
combination for the purpose of capturing
the public treasury, held together by the
"cohesive power of public plunder," and
controlled by an inner ring of wire-pullers,
directed" by the boss.
The boss is not a statesman, nor an
orator, nor necessarily a party leader in
the ordinary sense. The term has no
thing to do with the ascendancy gained
in fair and legitimate ways by men who
are superior in ability or sagacity to the
average. But the boss knows how to
pack primaries, how to control nominat
ing conventions, and how to trade votes
and combine together all the different
elements of corruption in support of his
ticket. He may not hold public office,
but nevertheless would-be candidates
and contractors have to pay him black
mail. Now it is true that this advanced pro
duct of modern civilization has not yet
been fully naturalized here, notwith
standing the tempting field offered for it.
We had a taste of boss rule during the
five years preceding June 30, '87, and its
ideal of government was largely adopted
in certain quarters. Fortunately, how
ever, the machine was imperfectly con
structed, and badly engineered, so that
it broke down, very much as "carpet
bag" government did in South Carolina.
But we should remember that "eternal
vigilance is the price of liberty," and the
verv means devised to preserve it are too
often turned into the instruments of
slavery, and that too in the much-abused
name of the " People."
Mr. Editor : Some weeks ago I saw
an article in your paper recommending
the manufacture of guava jelly as an
industry for these Islands. I commenced
making jelly myself in 18S4, thinking to
raise by this means a little money for
my church and schools. Perhaps the
following may be of use to anyone about
to enter into the business.
The prices quoted are the net cost in
Kona, after paying freight and carriage:
1-lb. tins made in Honolulu, including
boxes, each cents; 1-lb. tins made in
San Francisco, including boxes, G,lj cents.
Cube sugar by the box, per lb. 12c. (in
1SS4). Pry granulated sugar bv the bbh,
per lb. 7-c. (in 1SSG). I use lbs. of
sugar to 1 lb. of guava juice; and I can
put up in two days, when the fruit is
plentiful, 8 dozen tins; gathering and
cooking the fruit, one day; straining
during the night, and cooking the juice
with sugar, and canning, the next dav.
I consider, when fruit is plentiful and
sugar at its lowest, I can put the jelly
into the market (in the San Francisco
tius) at $2.75 per dozen in cases of four
Jozens, leaving a margin of about 25 per
cent, for profit and loss. At first I asked
$3.75 per dozen but I have reduced the
price to $2.75, by the case, and I wish to
sell out. I have now about six oases on i
hand. I send vou a sample of it. I nre- !
sume if the sugar was imported direct in
large quantities, and a tinman kept con
stantly employed on the spot making
tins when there was no canning to be
done, it could be put up at much less
cost. In Kona the guavas are generally
in season in April and October, which is
before and after the season of the pine
apples, so that both might be worked by
the same staff.
Samcel II. Davis.
Kealakekua, Hawaii, Nov. 20.
31 ore of its Vagaries Editorials on the
Advertiser and the Honolulu Killes
Something for Somebody to Ex
The following are translations from O
Luso Hawaiiano of November 24th. As
to the one on this paper, its misrepre
sentations are too obvious to require
designation. With regard to the Rifles
the complaint is one that the manage
ment of the shooting compstition and
the commander of the corps can hardly
afford to ignore, but there is no excuse
for our Portuguese contemporary's self
stultifying efforts to stir up in his coun
trymen the very prejudices of "race and
religion" which he complains about.
Somebody translated our article of
Saturday, under the title "Portuguese
Ship of War," and caused it to be pub
lished in the Advertiser, organ and
(according to what they say) prop
erty of the existing Government. The
article gave pain to the Advertiser, and
this in the midst of its agony exclaimed
that the article was calculated to keep
alive in the minds of the Portuguese the
anti-Asiatic feeling, and advised that it
would be better to let it be forgotten. It
further exclaimed that it knew how
strong was the anti-Asiatic feeling in the
minds of the Portuguese, but added that
this feeling was not justified, etc. So
much for the Advertiser and the white
What the Advertiser said may be
summed up thus : first, that it is more
and more surprised at the probable de
feat in the next electoral campaign.
Second, that it wants to deny to the
Portuguese the right and the justice of
their anti-Asiatic sentiments. There is
not a criticism made on our article, as
someone in sympathy with the clique of
the Advertiser caused to be scattered
among some Portuguese, for the purpose
of ridiculing what we said, or else from
crass misinterpretation of what he tried
to read. And, even, granted that the
Advertiser did make a criticism, it was
not a thing for any patriotic Portuguese
to rejoice at, for all know the antagonism
of that journal against the Portuguese.
It was Company B that gained the prize
offered in the shooting exercise on Fri
day of last week. We do not wish to
say that the Portuguese Company C
could have gained the prize, but what
we do want to say is that an insult was
offered to that patriotic company, by the
manner in which the major, or whoever
actually directs the battalion, worked
against it, leaving it till the end, when
the twilight of the approaching night did
not permit the mark to be seen.
What is the reason that Company C,
being first in number, and third in order
of organization, was given the last place,
both in the exercise of shooting, on
which depended a valuable and honor
able prize, and in the arrangement of
the battalion during the marching? If
the question should be asked of us, we
should say without hesitation and with
out fear of mistake, "simple contempt of
Without doubt, the members of Com
pany C will know how to be united and
how to-labor for the improvement of the
company, and one day will avenge
themselves for the outrage which the
have suffered. The basis of our argu
ments on all the questions with which
we have occupied ourselves in this
journal, with relation to the Por
tuguese, is that the Portuguese
have to raise themselves and make
themselves respected ; because as for the
other gentlemen, from hostility (rixa) of
race and religion alone the' intend to
At an examination for admission to
the Free College, New York, seventy
eight per cent of the girls seeking ad
mission passed a creditable examination.
while only lorty-eight per cent, of the
boy applicants were able to enter. The
teacher ascribed this remarkable differ
ence to the fact that the boys used to
bacco the siris did not.
There has been a creat explosiou in
the Campag-nac colliery, at Avicnon.
from fire-damp. The pit was full of men
at the time. Seventy-three bodies have
been found bv a searching partv.
Supreme Court At Chambers.
Tuesday, Nov. 27.
Equity Division. Before Mr. Justice
Treston. II . A. P. Carter vs. Kaaikaula.
C. L. Carter for plaintiff; J. L. Kaulu
kou for defendant. Bill to foreclose a
mortgage. Heard, and decision reserved.
The mortgage is dated March 3, 1S7G,
and was to secure the payment of .$250
with interest at 10 per cent, per annum,
making the amount now due 5(4.50.
Before Mr. Justice Dole. S. Kailaa
vs. S. M. Kaaukai and others. S. K.
Kane for plaintiff; J. M. Poepoe for de
fendants. Bill to declare a deed a mort
gage and cancel it. Monday, Dec. 4th,
is. by agreement of counsel, appointed
for hearing. This is a curious case.
Plaintiff, in his bill of complaint, tells of
going to a tailor for a coat costing 10.
As lie had not the cash, the tailor re
fused to deliver the garment. Kaaukai,
being present, offered to lend the com
plainant .$20 on the security o: land.
The offer was accepted, and a 'deed of the
land made bv Kailaa to Kaaukai's wife.
This deed was absolute in form, but is
alleged to have been intended onlv as a
mortgage to secure the debt of $20, and
that there was a verbal understanding to
that effect between the parties. When
the plaintiff tendered the money and
asked the surrender of the deed, the
principal defendant refused to do so. and
stated that he had sold the land to
Mana. The land is claimed to be worth
Probate Division. Before Mr. Justice
Preston. Estate Mary F. Lindsay. J.
M. Monsarrat, administrator, in person
and certain heirs. Ordered that the ad
ministrator's accounts be approved, he
discharged, and his bond cancelled, and
that a distribution of the funds in Court
be made in accordance with the Master's
report. The sum of .$2,897 is to be dis
tributed among thirteen devisees under
Estate Edward William Purvis. Cecil
Brown for proponent. Ordered that the
will be admitted to probate, and that
letters issue to E. W. Holdsworth, as
administrator, with the will annexed,
under $5,000 bond. The will is dated
April 22, 1S8S, appoints no executor, and
devises all the testator's property to his
brother, R. W. T. Purvis. The property
consists of a f5,000 policy in the New
York Life Insurance Company.
Here are some facts from Tennessee,
gleaned from the Comptroller's Report :
In Benton county the felony cost in 1S77
was $1,716; in 1S7, undr the Four-mile
law, it fell to fiS6 and in 1SS2 when the
law had had full time to show results, it
was only $197. - In Wilson county in
1S77, with saloons at full blast, the felonv
cost was $3,595, which the Four-mile law
brought down to $1,007 in 1882. The
only saloons not closed out by the law
were in Lebanon. She threw up her
charter, and so got rid of her saloons,
and in 1883 her felony cost was (only
$342. But the courts decided that
Lebanon had no legal right to thus free
herself from the curse ; the saloons were
re-instated; the result was, the felony
cost ran up to $1,190.
ET1ETJKXS WILL ATTEND TO MY BUSI-
ness during my absence from the King
Honolulu, Nov. 20, 1888.
4 T NO 7 CHAPLAIN STREET, ONE LARGE
J:. furnished front room; also, a small suite of
rooms suitable for a small family.
ON AND AFTER OCTOBER 1, 1888, CHU GEM
is alone authorized to sign the firm name.
QUONG SAM KEE & CO.
MRS. M. B. CAMPBELL HAS COMMENCED
the business of Dressmaking, Cutting and
Fitting, at her residence, No. 73 Beretania street,
opposite the Hotel. The patronage of the ladies
is respectfully solicited. Satisfaction guaran
teed. 6S-tf 1243-ly
Boat For Sale.
THE BOAT SAVED FIJOM
the wreck of the "Dunnotar
Ha "anil Knlil at niirtion
.aaS?y5g to the Kimr. has been re
fitted, coppered and decked over by Mr. Eolland,
and is for sale cheap for cash by
02-tf E. R. RYAN, Boat Builder.
.A.. K. WEIR,
OULD RESPECTFULLY NOTIFY IIIS
friends and the public generally that he
has purchased the Blacksmith and Carriage Shop
formerly conducted by A. Morgan at Nos. i'J ana
81 King" street, where he is now prepared to do
all kinds of Carriage Painting and Trimming,
Carriage and Heavy Wagon Work and General
Blackemithing with promptness and dispatch.
Satisfaction guaranteed. 131-tf
House To Let !
1333 f I
THE HOUSE AND PREMISES LATELY
occupied by W. S. Luce, Esq., situate on
Union street and Adams Lane. The
house contains parlor, three bedrooms,
two dressingrooms, hallway, diningroom, pantry
and kitchen. There is also a Cottage in the
grounds with three rooms; stable, carriage
house and servants' room. The place is in per
fect order. Possession given at once.
Apply to J. M. MONSARRAT,
137-tf No. 27 Merchant street.
Tax Collector's Notice!
FOR THE ACCOMMODATION OF TAX PAYEES
in this District who cannot conveniently
call at the Collector's office during business
hours, the office will be open for the receipt of
Taxes (in addition to the usual hours during
the dav), from 7 to 9 o'clock in the evening, from
19th inst., to December 1, 1888, both dates in
cluded. Any tax payer in this District who will leave
his name and address at the Collector's office,
intimating that he desires to pay his taxes, will
receive his tax receipt by messenger, as early
thereafter as possible, to whom he can give the
amount, thereby avoiding the aonoyance of
delay at the Tax office in waiting for the
regular turn. CUAS. T. GULICK,
Tax Collector. Honolulu, Oahu.
THE FOLLOWING IS THE TABLE OF CON
tents of the number for November :
Notes and Comments.
An Important Discovery.
Foreign Sugar Market.
Annual Meeting of Planters.
Gigantic Irrigation iroject.
Minutes of Planters' Annual Meeting.
Report of Committee on Manufacture of Sugar.
Report of Committee on Live Stock.
Table of Live Stock Imported into the Hawa
Table of Grain and Feed Imported.
Table of Dairy Products Imported.
Report of Committee on Cultivation.
Report of Committee on Forestry.
Report on the Condition of Live Stock.
Supplemental Report on Cultivation of Cane.
New Ornamental Tree.
T Subscriptions received by the HAWAIIAN
GAZETTE CO. and the News Agents. Price $2.50
year; foreign subscribers $3.00.
Murray & Lanman's
Best for TOILET. BATH,
and SICK ROOM.
f tii ii mi i i t '"ii 1
may & imm
THE UNIVERSAL PERFUME
for the Toilet, the Lath and
tag- f urn'W' -r. .If,-. A
Prcf. Alexander Wassiilevltsch PoeJ
fcr the Russian Government
FLORIDA WATER does
NOl contain any integral parts
wtich could be" percucious ta
" The comparative investiga
tion has shou-n that Murray
& Lanman's FLORIDA
WATER peeresses iaa voLa
tilled state a greater ability and
power to purify the air than Rau
tie Cologne'; and in this respect
Murray & Lanman's
FLORIDA WATER is fa.
rreftrble to the well known
t or quick raising, the Royal Baking Powder is
superior to all other leavening agents. It is ab
solutely pure and wholesome and of the highest
leavening porer. It is always uniform in
strength and quality and never fails to make
light, sweet, most palatable and nutritive food.
Bread, biscuits, muffins, cake, etc., raised with
Royal Raking Powder may be eaten hot without
distressing results to the most delicate digestive
organs. It will keep in any climate without
Prof. II. A. Mott, U. S. Government Chemist,
after examining ofticially the principal baking
powders of the country, reported:
"The Roval Baking Powder is absolutely pure,
for I have so found it in many tests made both
for that company aud the United States Govern
ment. "Because of the facilities that company have
for obtaining perfectly pure cream of tartar, and
for other reasons dependent upon the proper
proportions of the same, and the method of its
preparation, the Royal Baking Povder is un
doubtedly the purest and most reliable baking
powder offered to the public.
"Dn. UF.SRY A. 1IOTT. Ph. D. "
U. S. Government Chemist.
Clearance Sale ;
MISS CHILLBURG will hold a Clearing Sale for
'30 days, to make room for
New Holiday Goods !
TO ARRIVE SHORTLY.
Ladies ?20 Hat will be "sold for.
" 15 "
$12 Ostrich Plumes "
. . G 10
.. 5 00
.. 2 50
.. 7 00
.. 1 50
Flowers. Birds and Wm
The above Hits are all new and ot the Latest
styles, and trimmed with the verv best materials.
Wins Wo Chan fi.Co.,
Have Just Received New Goods,
Suitable for Christmas and New Year's
EI BARK VELOCITY, FROM CHINA,
Eeed Cliaiis and Boekers,
Something new in Honolulu ;
Extension Veranda Chairs,
Ebony and Marble Diningroom Sets,
Matting in all variety and colors,
Silks and Satins3
Silk Crepe, in all shades; Pongee,
Mantel and Hearth Vases,
ALSO, TO AHRIVE
Best Oolong Tea,
Choice Manila Cigars.
JWx - Coranna,"
A Fresh Supply of
HP ATI MP
Bottled by M. E. Foster & Sons, London, and
by W. E. Johnson & Co., Liverpool; also,
of Benj. and Eng. Perrier, Chalons-sur-Mne;
Of Joseph Perrier Fila & Co., Chalons:
Of Venve Aniiot, Chalons.
3TFor Sale by
Rock Salt for pi
A few tons
Iron and h
San Francisco.. ""'i
W. H. TAYLOR..
R. S. MOORE....
T T. nil
Steamboat, Steamship. Land r .
STEAM VESSELS of all H. i
with hulls ot ood, irin or cLT:t I
ORDINARY ENGINES cct,,?
visable. i j
STEAM LAUNCHES, Barges and .
structed vrith reference to tN
they are to be employed. SroH
draft of water guaranteed ' C5
SUGAR MILLS and Suar v i j
made after the most apr.roTM Vg
Boiler Iron Work con wcti tlf
WATER PIPE, of Boiler or QhJ!M
size, made in suitable lecVf!1
together, or Sheets rolled, :?SJ
for shipment, readv to V. J? aa-'
ground. ' le
HYDRAULIC RIVETING, Bo? v 1
Pipes made by this esublicw..1;'4
hydraulic riveting mact;-e"v .'
work being far superior to t'v'i'J
SHIP WORK, Ship and SteaxrX!
Winches, Air and Circul. tir.fc'
after the most approved plan?0 ?
SOLE Agents and manufacture-,,
Coast of the Home Safety Boi'.tr f
PUMPS Direct Acting PumpsJ
city works' purposes, built with ivl J
t O. JlllilJIl
iiOOHi No. v, upstairs, Spreckfj
l-3m Apent fcr the Eawn
Just Received ex ' J.C.Pn
from GERMANY, a cor,
AjiHiianpps for pvf marine trip Se
ttle drv cake bv means of wl
SIZES OF PRESSES:!
30 Chambers and 42 Chd
These Presses have beeninc?
Kealia Plantation dur;c tbf
season, during -which ail the
juice was run through them
most satisfactory results.
"For sale at lowest pricey
J. X. S. WILLI
H. MAY & 1
Receive twice a week,
Fresh Aliuiinanii Butter, i
H. MAY & CO. WILL ALSO ETC
BY THE AUSTRALIA,
Boll Butter, Star Hams,
Dnpee's Boneless Bicor;,
2vew York Cheese,
Blcck Cod Fisb,
FAIRBANKS LARD. 3, 5 asJIClt.-
Kits New Season Mackerel and SJ
Tnnr'n-n T.avpr Riiefns. Wl.i-t
cape cod cra:
And a General Asscrtme-t of &
including Fresh Apple 415
other Frn:t?. '
Ex Bark H. M
FEOM' LIVERPOOL j
SePtrig & Lange's
IS to 30 Chamber,
Which have proved a great e'-cc -HsJiamauln,
Laupahoefcoe, etc.. aci wfcicn :
with the latest improvement?;
FILTER CLOTH F03
I Iron Tanks, 3 sizes;
E(l. HoffsrlllflPOW fc Pa peak's Steam
J xi.st Arrived..
Two of tkose it ell -fen own
3 For Sale by
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER fc CO..
Kins and Bethl Etrtets.
Portable Track, I
White Bros F
Keg Shocks 1
Susar and Co.'- -
For Sale at 1 "
i. : T