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DAILY .PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JANUARY 12, 1889.
(General "Diicrtisemcnis. SOMETHING NEW IN BARRELS. A Decided Ieiarture In tlio Manufacture of i Very Useful Article. You wouldn't think that anything new could bo written about such a homely subject ns u barrel, but n decidedly new departure is to be chronicled. The barrel of commerce is made by splitting the log into bolts about thirty inches lon?. The bolts ire placed in a l;ir;e vat, .subjected to wn intense steam heat for twelve hours, and then, w hile hut, are cut up into staves. After five or six months of air drying Wie staves are ready for the listing (or joint ing) machine. This process completed, the staves are in proper condition for the cooper, w ho trusses them (arranges them in barrel form) and cuts the chine and croze, after w hich they are ready for heads and lumps. Shaving, planing and crozing machines are used in the manufacture of common barrels, and in each barrel there are sixteen staves. The new barrel is made of two staves. In an establishment "where they are manufactured I savan elm log thirty-one inches long and twenty-four inches in di ameter, resting in a steam vat. A crane, operated by steam power, grappled the leg and -fwui g it into position in the ma chine. Thia wonderful piecj of mechan ism cJmp.-? the log exactly in the center and immediately begins a motion of lifty revolutions to the minute. When the log commences to revolve in the embrace of the machine a knife is fed directly on the outside of the log. cutting off a continuous tdieet the proper length and thiekiuss of a Rtave. Jn this way the entire log is util ized as stave material except about six inches of the core or heart, which is prac tically worthless. On the opposite side of the cutting knife, and revolving upon the surf:ice of the log, are two cylinders, being held thereon by the same mechan ism which feeds the knife to the log. One revolution of these cylinders measures a half barrel of continuous and solid stave material. In the surfice of these cylin ders is a knife, which is forced into the solid log, cutting off a sheet, which falls on to a conveyor in the perfect form of a half barrel. This half barrel, w hich has just dropped from the log. is completely chined, crozed and equalized. Its exter nal form is superior to any work which the most expert cooper can execute. It is mathematically "true." The chining, crozing and equalizing have all been done by the same knife, and tho perfected half barrel is the result of the bingle mechan ical revolution. The elm log referred to remained in the machine fifty seconds, at the expiration of "which time it had been converted into thirty-four staves or material for seven teen barrels. The staves are dried, listed (jointed) and then receive head and hoops. Two hundred and twenty barrels are made from 1,00) feet of log measure. Dy tho old style of manufacture tho maxi mum product is about fifty barrels less. On the old barrel, with sixteen staves, thirty-two listings are required. Here only four listings are made. The saving in this detail alone is great. As a labor Baving invention it represents an advance of CO per cent, on the old method of man ufacture. Barrels, nail kegs, butter tubs and pails are turned out at w ill with this wonderful machine. The inventor, a Michigan man, has had the idea germinat ing in his brain for over twenty years, but it was only during the present year that the mechanism was perfected. Chicago Herald. Winter "Weather on the Nile. I am, however, forced to believe that, no far as climate alone is concerned, the averago winter weather on the Nile from November to April is as good as any to be found for a majority of those who need a mild, dry atmosphere, free from malaria an element which must bo carefully considered by all in search of warm win ters. As the Nile valley is seldom more than ten miles wide between the deserts and its average is much less there must bo a purity of atmosphere therein that is exceptional. It is cool and bracing, and necessarily very dry too dry, in fact, for some invalids. On the Nile, above Cairo, but not in cluding Cairo, tires are unnecessary dur ing tho winter days. Cotton, tobacco, beans, and other plants very sensitive to cold, continue to grow and blossom in this season, and yet. the heat is neither oppres sive nor debilitating, and woolen clothing can bo worn nearly all the time. The nights, however, arc cool and frequently cold, and the variations from midday to midnight, or rather to the early morning hours, when the temperature is lowest, are such as to require an amount of care and caution on the part of invalids not always easy nor likely to be exercised. "William. Smith Brown in Harper's Magazine. Pong Khan and Ilia Ilrldes. Oueen Hoang-Quiphi is one of the young est and loveliest of tho hundred and odd wives who help to mako life pleasant for his Majesty Dong Khan, the potentate of Annam, and now that she has become a mother is generally boss and overseer over all other brides. Tho king can have all tho wives he wants. Tho clever idea of exempting from taxation all his fathers and mothers-in-law has been very success ful, and he has the choice of each season's debutantes. Theirs, however, is not the life of an American girl who marries well. They are divided into nine classes, and are told off, thirty each day, to look after the king, dress him, perfume him, polish and trim his finger nails, and generally to mako life easy for him. The Argonaut. FILTER PRESSES. Paachact Plantatio!, I Hawaii. March 8, 1888. J RUilon Iron aud Locomotive Works, Saa Fran cisco. Gentlemen We have nsed two of your 30 chamlterel Filter I'reme this weapon. They are convenient, eauily handled and are working entirely to our Hutisfaction. I can recommend no lui pro vein nt on them. Very respectfully yonrn. (signed) A. Moobe, Manager 1'aauhau Flantatisa. These I'resHes are being carried in stock in Honolulu and are sold at the very low price of iMJ.IO.OO iu Honolulu to meet the demand, A consignment is now on the way. Kixdon Iron i Loco. Work, 82 123i 2ux Ban Francisco To AiTive ! Rock Salt for Cattle. sFA few tons ntlll undisposed of. APPLY EARLY. TlILO. H. DAVIES & CO. 140-lru LEWIS & CO., FOPwT STREET, Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Groceries and Provisions. Tlie Equitable Life Assurance Society OF THE UNITED STATES. Stasis First Auhk tie Mi Life Assurance Ccipies of the World In Outstanding Assurance, in New Business, in Surplus, in Total Income, in Premium Income, in the annual Increase in Surplus and Assets, in the Percentage of Assets to Liabilities, and in all other Important Respects. Assets. Dec. 31, 1837, : : : 881,173.90-1 85. Outstanding Assurance i S4 SS.O'IO.r.GI New Business of 1SS7 l3H,Oi3,lo5 Hnrplua (4 per cent. Standard) J S, 1 O-t, f55 Increase in Hurplus during the Year l,74K,i7! Increase in Assets during the Year S,SiM, Total Income 23.J40.4t Premium Income I:,1 1 A.T 75 Percentage of Assets to Liabilities 1-2 A Careful Study of the alove Proves Conclusively that the Equitable Society is the most Prolltanle ami Setr.re Lile Assurance Company for intending Assurers. ALEX. ej. OARTWRIGHT, 90-tf GENERAL AGENT IIAV.'AIIAN ISLANDS. iwiw ii i ii i mh 11 ii niiwn n mrarnirini A Good Chance to go into Business ! THE HOLIDAY SEASON, 1888-0. ANY. L'd IOIIT i t T7!tttp, IHECJXTOXjTJXjXJ. :o:- -o- WE HAVE RECENTLY RECEIVED LARGE ADDITIONS TO OUR STOCK! of MERCHANDISE! COXSIS'lLXG OF PLOWS, Harrows, Cultivators, Horse-Hoes, Planters' Hoes, Garden Hoes, Cane Knives, Spades, SHOVELS, K5isgefe . Canal Barrows, Garden Barrows, ux Trace unams, 2TIce House iooIi u Socially "El 181-tf JOS. TINKER, Family & Shipping: Butcher ON ACCOUNT OF FAILING HEALTH Mil. G. WEST WILL DISPOSE j ot his entire interest in the business known as G. WEST & CO., 105 Fort Street, Honolulu. Liberal Tenn3 will be givjn to a responsible party. The firm has been doing a good paying business during thy last six months, not withstanding the dull times. For the next Sixty Pays we will sell Goods at just enough to cover cost. jST For Bargains in FURNITURE, TOYS, FANCY GOODS, Etc., Etc., see us before purchasing. G. WEST & CO. 138 City Market, Nuuaim St. Prime Beef, Mutton, Veal, Lamb, Dairy-fed Fork and Cambridge Sausage, frtsh every day. Corned Beef and Pickled Tongue always on hand and put up in quantities to suit. BOLOGNA SAUSAGE A SPECIALTY. JOHN NOTT jrfiT'N. B. All meats delivered every morning within a radius of three miles of the citv. My prices are as reasonable as any where, and all orders attended to with promptness and dispatch. 114-lm C. BREWER & COMPANY, . i GENERAL MERCANTILE AND COMMISSION AGENTS. 4 an (j? Housekeeping Goods. Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work Roe, Axe, Pick and Sledge Handles, Galv. Nails and Spikes, Cut Xails, Refrigerators, Sheet Zinc, Sheet Lead, Carpenters' Tools, Builders Hardware, STEEL EECE WIRE AJNT STAPLES! GALV. FENCE WIRE AND STAPLES, Galv. 4 Barbed Fence Wire, TeaKottIes,;Sauec Tans, llubbuck's loiled and Raw Paint Oil, JIubbuck's White Lead and Zinc, llubbuck's lied Lead, Pioucer Vhito Lead CASTOR OIL for Lubricating, Cylinder Oil, Carbox Oil, Sperm Oil, Lard Oil, Lamps & Welters, Crccterj, Glassware, Silver Plated fare, Etc re have fitted up a Department on the second floor, ijOxGO feet) exclusively for ART GOODS, of which we (a room have at present a veiy Choice Stock, and more to be opened in a lew days. We know we are safe in saying that BETTER GOODS in these Lines have never been offered for sale in this Market. W" Our Prices are Moderate ! AVe respectfully solicit a personal inspection of our Entire Stock, and especially our Where Ladies and Gentlemen will find a tempting display of beautiful niL-ius iu ureai ariety, suitaDie for XMAS. AND NEW TEAE'S GIFTS. PACIFIC HAEDVARE COMPANY, L'D. 1247-lm d-lm iiiyai ill- Christmas Goods LIST OF OFF1CER3: P. C. Jones. Jr President and Manager J. O. Carter Treasurer and Secretary lion. W. F. Allen Auditor DIRECTORS: lion. C. R. Bishop. Hon. H. "Waterbous HAWAIIAN GAZETTE Fm Wo Chan t Co., printing Establishment Muticlo Movements After Io:itli. Dr. I3rown ScquarJ has jnst read a re markable paper before the French Acad emy of Sciences on the movements of the muscles after tlcath. Many physiologists believe that these post mortem movements are due to atmospheric causes. Dr. Sequard controverts this, although he does not deny that they may be partially brought about by variations ot the temperature. He argues that the real cause of such movements Is to be sought in the vitality of the muscles, which remains iu a dead body sometimes for forty-live Lours after death. Frank Leslie's. AVanted to lio a Pirate. Washington Irving in his early youth had a longing to go to sea and be a pirate. He determined to make tho attempt, but wisely decided to prepare himself for it by preliminary experiences. He began by eating salt pork. That made him sick. He then f-lcpt for a night or so on hard boards. That made him sore. It was enough. Ho had no more desire to go away. Chicago Herald. American Jewelry Abroad. F.xperts say that the time is comin when America will export instead of im port jewelry. American workers in gold already surpass their English and French rivals in variety and beauty of design French jewelry has an appearance of flimsiness. Knglish jewelry is too heavy. American jewelry furnishes the happy mean. New York Sun. Comment Concerning Solomon. Bertie had jnst gotten into a room of his own, and was greatly delighted. He chanced soon after to hear a sermon on Solomon, which had for ono of its con eluding sentences, "And Solomon slept with his fathers." "Well," announced he on coming home, "I should think that if Solomon was so rich he might have had a bod to himself 1" Youth's Companion. NUUANU STREET, Have Just Received New Goods, Suitable for Christmas and New Y'ear's Presents. Toys, Dolls ! Bonbons ! Fancy Vass. GJm .swar Christmas and New Year's Cards, FOR SALE BY Merchant St., Honolulu. EX BAKK VELOCITY, FJIOM CHINA, Keed Chairs and Rockers, Something new in Honolulu; Extension Veranda Chairs, Ebony and Marble Diningrooni Sets, Matting in all variety and colors, Silks and Satins, Silk Crepe, in all shades; Pongee, Mantel and Hearth Vases, ALSO, TO ARRIVE Granite Stone Octagon shape. Best Oolong Tea, Choice Manila Cigars. 155-ly LOVE'S BAKERY. o. 73 Xuimin Street. MT.S. KOBT. LOVE, ... Propristrees. Plain and Fancy Printing -IXCLUDING- kEvcry Poscrtption of PlalD and Fancy Bread and Crackers, -FRESH- Soda Crackers A N D Saloon Bread . 1hr)i on Hand. MILK BEEAD A SPECIALTY. iHlatuI Orders Promptly Attended to. 173- 8n Law Books and Blanks, Pamphlets of any kind, Lawyers' Briefs, Freight and Plantation Books, Statistical Work, Colored Poster Work, Lithograph Colored Cards, Business and Visiting Cards, Ball aud Wedding Crds, Programmes, Billheads, Letterheads printed in Copying Ink, Etc., Etc., Etc., PROMPTLY AND NEATLY EXECUTED. H. M. WHITNEY, Business Manager. TilEO. 11. MY1ES.& CO. Ex Bark H. Hackfcld l ROM LIVI-:nP00L, RON FILTERPRESSKS ! Selwig & Lange's Patent 18 t 3') Chambers, Which have proetl a crrat stjcoss at I.iliur-, liananiaulu, Kf-kaha, Vni!iiia, Kolna, La!::iiiia, L.itipahoehop. eic, and whicl. aie jrovicied with the latest uu;.rovenieiilf ; a.l: o, SPARE PARTS OF ABOVE PUErSlS and FILTER CLOTH FOR THE SAME ; S ul a: a v Cool ers , (round corners) Iron Tanks, .1 fdv; I '.aster Knjr'nes, l)oariL-'s .Steam I'lunps, Steel Hails & Fixtures Portable Track. Slcejer- A Switches, Corrugated Iron, all lengths; Fire Crick, Slates, l"ire Clay, Asbestos, Wliite Bros I'ortlaml Cement Germania I'. Cement, Keg Shooks, liivets, Sugar and Coal Iags, Coal Baskets, Twine. Stockholm and Coal Tar, Etc. For Sale at Lowest Kates by H. HACKFELI) & CO. THE SPRIMELD ROADSTER B CYCLE WE STILE HOLD OUR OWN. Moderate Prices, Good Quality, Hill Climbing, Safety, Speed are features of merit which are sure to lead. RECORDS FOR 1888. c L. A. W. meet at Baltimore, Md., three victories. "Woodstock, anada, professional track record, May 24. Binghampton, N. Y., one dile safety, and one mile team race. Toronto. Canada, throo miln marl wheel, and one mile safety race. Rochester, N. Y., one mile, open to all, track record, 2.4 U; three mile handicap; live mile, open to all, last quarter in CO seconds best on record; half mile dash, open to all, 1.15 best competition half mile on record; also, two mile, G.45 class. J. It. Weld, of Medina, writes: "In a club of twenty 18 ride Springfield Roadsters, and still wo want more." BEMEKEER OUR BILL, CLIMBING RECORDS. Eagle Rock, Xew Jersey, 12 times without a dismount. Corey Hill, Boston, 10 times without a dismount. Stickncy Hill, Lynn, Mass., one time and return. SHURMAN AT IT AGAIN. The members of the Lynn Cycle Clnb took a trip down to Portland. The party com pnseu.J. H. YouiiP, J. II. iShurmar., A. Ii. Carsley, E.G. Eorgholtz, J. F. Allen, J. F. Dow J II. Eittltiit ld, A. W. Lewis auU A. Wiswell. Or. their arrival in Portland, and afteraeood brerKfn!-t at :hr Preble Hoase, the Portland Wheel Clnb took the visitors in hand for a run lo Prouts Neck, a distance of some fourteen miles. On the v-ay out the party passed Spurwick Dill, an en.ii.ence that hn9 never been climbed by a oyclipt. To tho nrprise of th- Down Estt r-4, SLurLuan annonnced that he wonld ride up the hill if anv one of the l--rtryHi rat-n w..u!d ride down. This was very promptly agreed to, as the local men "!""t uunueaMe. bome of the men rode down tte hill, as also did Shorwan nnu (ben .n arnvi! P.t the bottom fehurman turned ronnd and rode to the ton' to Mj aug ment of I who had never seen Sharmau ride. This was on Sunday! ,u.d he Hci.uvenient of the Lynn roan made the locals anxious to see what the visitor cuiado wn:, the P.irk street Hill, a terror to Portland wheelmen, and one that has "TVV'.Mfct U lV;bet.l:l,rfc tb;lM 'we n soccession. So on Monday the party repaired to i! c h-.ll. .-.nd Hfu-r parsley, Allen and Littleneld had climbed it once and cried enooch. Shurrn:,n went at it and went cp and down six times without a dismount. To Ray that ;ue 1 ortl my m. were dumfounded putting ii rnildl. fehurman rode his Springfield ... ad.c r. ii ,ome Portland reader kindly pive os tho firades of the Sparwick and Pa. k sirtU Uilis, and oblige? Ep. Bicycle W oeid. ui m oparwicx ana AVe give you the facts. Draw your own inference. But remember our prices are moderate, our goods warranted against defective material and workmanship for one year; absolutely safe against headers, speedy and a good all around road wheel. CATALOGUE FREE. SPRINGFIELD BICYCLE MANUFACTURING CO. 9 Cornhill, Boston, Mass. FOIl SALE BY PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'd., SOU- A(JETS FOIJ imVAIIAS ISLAM)S 1247-lm d-lm The Weekly Gazette and Daily P. C. Advertiser Are Uie liest Advertising: Medium In the Kingdom.