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ntnsouu ( DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JANUARY 21, 1889. tea Docnment of Historical Interrat. The archives of the government ore kept in the library of tho department of state, and constitute a vast collection of precioua documents. There are a great' many of historical interest. Tho first draft of the Declaration of Independence and of tho federal const ituticn are here preserved. "Washington's commission as comrr.ar.dor-in-chii f ol tho American army, and a host of documents pertaining to tho revolution and the early day of tho government nre to he peon. The let ters and papers of "Washington, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe and seme of tho other presidents nre preserved in large volumes, many of tho manuscripts ap pearing as clean and distinct as if writ ten yesterday. Autograph letters from lilnss and queens, princes, statesmen and historical personages who havs nourished during the past 100 years are to bo found in these collections. Hero are the or i nal copies of all tho laws enacted by con gress, and of all the treaties made by the United States with foreign nations, from the llrst, with France. 1778, and tho sec ond, with England the treaty of peace, bearing the date of Sept. 3, 17S3 down to those of recent years. One treaty with Turkey is gorgeously emlMjllished with golden letters, but the most unique treaty in the collection is one with Japan, -which is contained in a costly lacquered case covered with silk. The quaint Japanese characters, covering many pages of fine paper, are clearly and boldly portrayed. The royal signature appears at the top, and you read from the bottom. The treaty was brought to Washington by two ofUccrs of high rank, who were charged with its safe delivery on peril of their lives. Ono day they tri umphantly marched into tho department of state bearing aloft oa bamboo poles o ojieerly constructed box, in which was the important document. Glad indeed were they to have escaped the disastrous chances of land and &ea, and when the royal agreement finally passed into the hands of the secretary or state they ap peared greatly relieved, for their heads were no iOitcrer in dauser. "Washington Cor. 2sev York Mail and Express. Grace Qrfenwood'i Democracy. There aro few women who can put a truth more forcibly or clearly than Grace Greenwood. Iteinsc asked a few days since whether she had fouDd foreign girls superior to tha American girl, the bril liant authoress responded: "Such ques tions as that are fired at me, poiut blank, almost every day. Thintc of these ques tions aW. of which have been asked of m; 'Do veil still, after all the mon archical splendors you have seen, believe in a republican government?' 4Did not the grand procession of royalties at the nueen's lub lee statreer your democracy Do you approve, as you once did, of cur free institutions, and feel proud of the privileges we grant to women and the dcerence wo pay them?' 'How do you hh.e America now, after seeing so much of Europe and it3 Kovernment?' "Such questions are little better than in sults. I might as well be asked plainly If, after mingling a littlo in conservative and aristocratic foreign society, I had turned snob, after tho custom of consuls and the manner of ministers: or if 1 was readv to stultify myself by opposing the higher education and the political rights of women. If tho best of earthly friends the one dearest and most revered, wer. living, I should hardly bo surprised to b? questioned by some one: 'After an ac quaintance with tho English mamma, tho French mere and tho Italian madra, what do you think of your mother?' " It is very evident from this forcible reply that America has at least ono among its famous and brilliant women whoso republican principles foreign travel and associations havo 'not changed. "William J. Bok ia New York Graphic. FILTER PRESSES. Taavhac Plantation. Hawaii. March 9, 138. f RlaJon Iron and Loeoniotire Works, San Fran cisco. Gentlemen We have nat two of your 30- chainlx-red Kilter I'rfM this neason. They are convenient, eafiily baadled and are worklnjt entirely to our Batinfaction. I can recommena no lujpio vemrnt on tbem. Very respectfully yonrs. (signed) A. Moobi, Manager Paaahau FUnUtlen. Thepe Presses are re!nsr carried in stock In Hor.oHilu and are sold at the rery low price of SG50.00 in Honolulu to meet the demand. A consignment Is now on the wy. Illation Iron & Loco. Works, 82 1234 2'.n San Francisco To Arrive I Rock Salt for Cattle. 4ITA few tons still undisposed of. APPLY EAELY. THEO. H. Davies 146-lm & Co. LEWIS & CO.; FORT STREET, Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers ia Groceries and Provisions Otncral ttrrrti5cmfnt ttriisrarntt. The Eq rotable Life Assurance Society OF THE UNITED STATES. Stands First km the Leaui&E Life Ames Companies ef the Ml In Outstanding Assurance, in New Business, in Surplus, in Total Income, in Premium Income, in the annual Increase in Surplus and Assets, in the Percentage of Assets to Liabilities, and in all other Irnj-ortant Respects. Assets. Dec. 31, 1887, : : : 34,478.904 85. Outstanding Assurance 8483, 0?9, 563 New Business of 1S7 138.0-J3.105 Surplus (4 per cent. Standard i 18,104,255 Increase In Surplus durtu the Year 1,748,379 Increase in As9etB during the Year 8,868.432 Total Income s3'f?'2!? Premium Income .... 19,115,. Percentage of Assets to Liabilities 1 A Careful Study of the above Proves Conclusively that the Eqnitable Society is the mo-t Prolltable aud Secure Life Assurance Company for intending Assurers. ALEX. 3. CARTWRIGHT, GENERAL AGENT HAWAIIAN ISLANDS New York and Honolulu Direct Line .... . a. a A First-class Vessel win e impiciu Uijtrtistmtnts. ACIPIC from Xfw York ly AT. II. an & Iir. In Cross- February Next for Honolulu 5TA11 parties wisting to avail themselves of this orrortunity must send on iceir uraurs i an early date to insure their being reaJy for the vessel, and to enable them to secure as Urge a vessel as possible. IS THE Heading Sally Xewspaper Castle & Cooke, IX THE 162-lm AGENTS. Planters' Monthly. s3:-"wzzwt igljiitids A Good Chance to a'o into Business ! rrHE FOLLOW llt X u ON Af!f!OTTNT OF FAILING HEALTH MR. G. WEST WILL DISrOSE r,t hm nt.ir intprrfit in the business known as G. WEST & CO.. 105 Fort cfraaf T4V rtl n 1 ri Tihortil Tprm will h civ.n to a responsible party. The MVA SJ U A. W w w CT - - - firm has been doing a good paving business during the last six months, not- IS THE TAT.LE OF CON tents of the number for December : Xotes and Comments. Close of Volume Seven. "Watsonville Beet Sutjar Enterprise, Progress of the Sugar In. lustry in the Hawai ian Islands. Young's Snrrheater Apparatus. Darkened Sugars. Report of Committee on Fertilizers. Coffee Cultivation A Froposition from a Coffee Planter. Steam Boilers. Delivery of Sugar Cane by Carts and by Cars. Fecundation of Tlanta. Sugar House Chemistry. -:o , 1UMIS1IEI EVERY MORNING. (Except Sunday.) -o- Xarlce House Uuol a Specialty .IE 181-tf withstanding the dull times. just enough to cover cost. FANCY GOODS, Etc., Etc., For the next Sixty Days we will sell Goods at For Bargains in FURNITUKE, TOYS, see ns before purchasing. JOS. TINKER, Family & Shipping Butcher Gk "WJEST & CO. 138 1 City Market, Nuuanu St. Prime Boef, Mutton, Veal, Lamb, Dairy-fed Tork and Cambridge Sausage, frtsh every day. Corned Beef and Tickled Tongue always on hand and put up in quantities to suit. BOLOGNA SAUSAGE A SPECIALTY. JOHN NOTT A Blooded Racer's riuck. A blootled racer possesses ono essential qtxUlty that scrub horses seldom have pluck. You will find many common horses that possess lbo points, so far as wind, muscle and structure are concerned; but in u race they will nearly always throw up their tails and give up in disgust if passed by an adversary, or if they feel like they can't win. Flora Temple, the queen -f trotters in her day, was an ex ception to this rule. She never knew what it was to be beaten, and always put forth her utmost efforts until tho driver commanded her to slrrken her speed. A rac horse is like a cInecock ,n tnat he must havo nerve to supplement his nat ural powers. There ae blooded animals that will fjo their level best until they !ron. It is useless to use a whip on that kind of an animal; thsy are born fighters, :;ml exult as much in a victory as their owners. Such racers also havo superior intelligence, and if tV-y are not too high i-1 rung they can be tr.uned in the arts and tricks of tho turf. All blooded animals ilo not possess pluck, however, and such us are lacking in this quality are more fit for tho plow than tLa track. "Jockey" in Globe-Democrat. The Way to Vail Down. "The special providence that seems to hover over drunken men and children has hotnething of an explanation," said a well known and eminent medical man to a re porter, la the fact of the main cause of the breakage cf bor.es from fall3 being from a resistance of the tendons more often than from tho violence of the shock Incident to the'actunl fall. A child or an intoxicated person vill rnrely endeavor with any great effort io recover their bal ance when they slip rr topple over. Ilenco no ppecial resisting f ree is exercised, and they sink into a coV-.-vpsed henp without i-erious injury. When an adult in posses sion of his sound series undertakes, wivh endless contortions ?r.d gyrations, to save himself from go'ng ';r.vn, ho draws every muscle and sinew ta'., r.ud if the wrench is too severe tho b.-.no breaks. There is noyof definitely yrving it, but it is asserted, and I believe with some show of truth, that some, at 1. ast, of the fractures resulting from fal";, especially from a height, hnpen before tue actual shock with the srl-stanco one falls on occurs. It's stransc, tut I gv.eis it is tho truth." lhilade hi Call. I'reservlnsr TVlilk in Knlk. Professor IiOng, in The Dublin Farmers Gazette, says that a Mr. Myers, of Chris tiania, has discovers' a cew method cf preserving milk fuCTx iently for conveying it in bulk to English markets, and raises an alarm a3 to the ti-k! ng of this cotmtry with milk from li!! -;id also. It is en tirely improbable, however, that any per fectly iion-injurious preservative has been discovere'l. all at ereent in use being more or less harmful. P.esides, Enclish farmers have before now dt-livered milk in Ionc'um at an avers t'e o eig;htpenc9 a gallon ail the year irun 1, and would be ale to do it again f necessary, poorly remunerative as t.uth a price is. Chicago Tinu'3. Benjamin F. Lut!?r paid 3,001.21 of personal taxes last year. B. All meats delivered every mornimr within a radius of three miles of the city. Mv irices are as reasonable as any where, and all orders attended to with promptness and dispatch. 114-lm C. BEE WE II & COMPANY, (Umlted). GENERAL MERCANTILB Stoves, Ranges and Housekeeping Gorts. COMMISSION AGENTS. Phimbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work LIST OK OFFICERS: P. O. Jons. Jr President and Manager J. O. Carter Treasurer an Secretary Hon. W. F. Allen Auditor DIRECTORS: irn fi n mhoi). Hon. II. WaterhotiBe HAWAIIAN GAZETTE Wm h fa & Co, Printiriff Establishment NUUANU STREET, Havo Just Received New Goods, Suitable for Christmas and New Year's Presents. to Merchant St., Honolulu. EX BARK VELOCITY, FROM CHINA, Reed Clmhs and Eockers, Something new in Honolulu; Extension Veranda Chairs, Ebonv and Marble Dininproom Sets, Matting in all variety and colors, Silks and Satins, Silk Crepe, in all shades; Tongee, Mantel and Hearth Vases, -9 fr ' m 1 ALSO, TO Oetagon ARRIVE Stone shape. Best Oolong Tea, Choice 155-ly VttiX - ... ' . . Manila Cigars. LOVE'S BAKERY. t. 73 Niinann Btreet. Plain and Fancy Printing -INCLL'PING- 1IR9. ROUT. LOVE, Proprietress, New York Truth has interviewed a man in thnt city who makes a profession ol training: P.eas, and the man asserts that no flea lives to be over one year old. The family name of tho pumpkin i3 encurbitu pri-o. Think of this when next you it pwravkin pie. Every Description of Tlain and Fancy Bread and Crackers, Law Book3 arid Blanks, Lawyers' Briefs, Statistical Work, Pamphlets of any kind, Freight and Plantation Books ork. -i' R E S H- Soda Crackers -A N D- Saloon Bread Always on llaud. MILK BEEAD A. SrECIiLTT. iMland Oislert Promptly AllendeI to. 173- 9m Lithograph Colored Cards, Business and Visiting Cards, Ball and Wedding C-rds, Program meg, Billheads, Letterheads printed in Copying Ir.i:, Etc., Etc., Etc., PROMPTLY AND NEATLY EXECUTED. :o: II. M. W1I1TXEY, Business Manager. Subscription, 50c. per Month. juUUL T II 3S3 TMPER1SH ABLE PERFUME. Murray & Lanman's LQRiDA WITEB, Best for TOILET, BATH, and SICK ROOM. mm I I MIRRAY k Lm.S'S Florida later THE UNIVERSAL PERFUME for the Toilet, the P.ath and the Handkerchief. to -REPORT- OF Prof. Alexandor Wassil'cwitsch Pochl An:iK'7ing Chcmi'-t for the Ki:ssi;in (lovcrnmeit St. Pcterbburg : "Murravft Lanman's Pi ORin A WATER does j. NOT contain r.r.y integral parts which could be pernicious health." "The comparative mvestijr tion has shown that Murray A. Lanman's FLORIDA K ATFR nossesses in a vola mt a greater abilitv r.nj power to purify the air than 'Eau !e Colo 'r.e': and in this respect Murray & LanmarVs FLORIDA WATER is fa preferable to the well-known Cologne Waters." No. C404 Sept. 3Xh, 1SSC. Christmas Goods Toys, Dolls ! Bonbons ! Fancy Vas Glassware Christmas and New Year's Cards, rOR SALE BY THEO. II. DA VIES & CO. llG-lm Ex Bark H. Ilackfeld fROM LIVfT.POOL, 0 N nm iiiii 7C1 Selvig & Lange's Patent IS to SO fCliambers, WJiich havo proved a preat aurcFS at Lihup. Hanamaulu, Kehaha, AV.inies, Koloa, Lahnlra, Laup.tJiocho', etc., and which are provided with the latent improvement?; also, SPARE PARTS OF ABOVE PRESSES and FILTER CLOTIi FOR THE SAME ; Sugar Coolers, (round corners) Iron Tanks, ?, sizes; Baxter Knines, Deane's Steam Pumps, Steel Rails & Fixtures Portable Track, Sleepers & Switches, Corrugated Iron, all lengths; Fire Bricks, Slates, Tire Clay, Asbestos, Wliite Bros Portland Cement Germania P. Cement, Keg Shocks, Kivets, Sugar and Coal Bags, Coal Baskets, Twine, Stockholm and Coal Tar, Etc. For Sale at Lowest Rates ly H. HACKFELD & CO. Delivered by Carrier. THE ADVERTISER Represents the Interests of the Politician, tho Merchant, the Planter, the Storekeeper, tho Lawyer, tho Workman, and, in fact, all Classes of tho Community. THE ADVERTISER lias for many years been noted for its Reports of Legislative Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These aro recorded Verbatim when the importance of the occasion warrauts it. THE ADVERTISER Is a- necessity to Every English. speaking Inhabitant of the Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the times. THE ADVERTISER Is copious and prompt in the publication of Local Nejrc"s, anda its readers are kept constantly posted as to tho course of events in other parts of the world, particularly in tho United States. H. M. WHITNEY, Manager, Honolulu, II. I. the mmm ROADSTER BICYCLE! WE STIIX HOjLD OUR OWN. Moderate Prices, Good Quality, Hill Climbing, Safety, Speed are features of merit which aro sure to lead. RECORDS FOR 1888. L. A. W. meet at Baltimore, Mil., three victories. Woodstock, Canada, professional track record, May 24. Binghampton, X. Y., ono mile safety, and one mile team race. Toronto, Canada, three mile road wheel, and one mile safety race. Itochester, X. Y., one mile, open to all, track record, 2.44 J; three mile handicap; five mile, open to all, last quarter in oO seconds best on record; half mile dash, open to all, 1.15 best competition half mile on record; also, two mile, C.45 class. J. It. Wkld, of Medina, writes: "In; a club of twenty 18 ride Springfield Roadsters, and still wo want more." REMEMBER OUR HILL CLIMBING RECORDS. Eagle Rock, New Jersey, 12 times without a dismount. Corey Hill, Boston, 10 times without a dismount. Stickney Hill, Lynn, Mass., ono time and return. SHURIYIAN AT IT AGAIN. The members of the Lynn Cycle Clnb took a trip down to Portland. The pnrty com prised J. H. Youd, J. II. fchurnmn, A. II. Cartley, E. G. liorphcltz, J. F.Allen, J. F. Dow, J. H.Liittlefield, A. W. Lewis ami A. Wiswell. On their arriyal in Portland, and after A Rood breakfast at the Prtble Hoase, the Portland Wheel Club took the visitors in hand for a run to Fronts Neck, a distance of Borne fourteen miles. On the way out the party paaaed Spnrwick Hill, an eminence, that haa never been climbed by a cyclist. To the surprise of the Down Easters, Shnrman announced that he would ride op the hill if any one of the Portland men would ride down. This was very promptly agreed to, as the local men thought the hill cnrideable. Some of the men rode down tte hill, fs also did Sherman, and then on arrivii g at the bottom Sburman turned round and rode to the top, to th- amazement of thoa who had never seen Suurman ride. This was on Sunday, .iiid the achievement of the Lynn man made the locals anxious to see what tho visitor could do with the Park Street Ilitl, a terror to Portland wheelmen, and one that ha never been climbed more than twice in Huccession. So on Monday the party repaired to the hill, and after Carsley, Allen and Littlefield had climbed it once and cried enough, Sburnvm went at it and went up and down six times without a dismount. To say that the Portland men were dumfounded is putting; it mildly. Shurman rode his Springfield lioadster. Will some Portland reader kindly pive na tha grades of the Sparwick and Park Sireet iiills. and oblige? Ed. Bicycle Would. VTe give you the facts. Draw your own inference. But remember our prices are moderate, our goods warranted against defective material and workmanship for one year; absolutely safe against headers, speedy and a good all around road wheel. CATALOGUE FREE. SPRINGFIELD BICYCLE MA?,UFACTURING CO. 9 Cornhill, Boston, Mass. FOR SALE BY PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., I'd S0IE AGENTS FOK HAWAIIAN ISLANDS 121 7-1 m d-im 0 I Ah 1 i) t i j A f Vet ' it w J . ,.11--,--, . I ' V,'r?!r3?f?J '.7Ti . .! n - mi""ViX.'i . ,k .,..1. --s.