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VOL. IX. NO. 45. HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21. LSS9. THE DAILY Pacilk Commercial Advertiser -13 rUULlSUED- Ercrj Morning Except Sundays. BUBSOlUtTlONH Dailt P. C. ADVEansza, one year .. gii luontha... per mouth.. . TYisKiLr lUwAius Uazetxk, on? jear ioriiU eluding postage) . 3 OU 6 00 TAynble Invariably la Adynnfe. Addresi: HAWAIIAN OAZLTTE CO., I'oetoffice Box O. KoiiG?uM. U. I. LEWERS & C00KE, (Successors to Lcwera & Dickson) Importer ami Ierlcr In Lumber And all Kind of Building Materials. No. 63 rOUT BTUEET. Honolulu. J. ALFRED MAG00N, .A-ttomev - at - ILarvv, 42 Merchant Street, Honolulu. ltf JOHN T. WATERH0USE, Importer and Dealer In GENERAL MEECH AITDISE. No. a-31 Queen Street, Honolulu, ltf H. HACKFELD & CO., General Commission Agents " "GGIXort k Quaes. Sts., Honolulu, ltf BEAVER SALOON, Fori .Street, Opposite Wilder & Co.s, H. J. KOLTE, PUOPIilETOR. First elAp Lunches Served with Tea, Coffee, Soda Water, Uinger Ale or M.I.K. Open From 3 . n. I'1 10 ! m" okera Kequibitee a Specialty. R. W. FRAZER, MERCHANT TAILOR, Cor. ling and Alakea Sta., Honolulu. Moderate charge, good workmanship and a perfect fit guaranteed. n . GERMANIA MARKET. Am u pirPP. ' . - - PROPRIETOR. Jirt street, Ilouolnlii. nrrr TTTTTTON" AND VEAL. , lrt-iUi SrtuMise, l'orfe, Kid Constantly on hand. Shipping notice. served on short ltf wnMnT.nr.U IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, .. - mill. Cooler-., Rrxs ISOIirm, f. anl I-ck1 4'a.ttius;. -,.,wnprv of evert description mado to irder mrJi"cuTar attention paid to ' smttbini Job work executed on the shortcut notice. THE ROYAL SALOON, Cor. Miiihiiii Mcrclinnt Ntrocls Under the Managementof E. H. Wolter, - ... In stock a varietvof the best Wine. .Ki"?.Weo nd ic. cold beers on draught at ten cents per sUss. i-CkU and Walker & Sedward, Contractors & Builders Erlck, Stone snd Woodn? Cv.ilding Estimates Given. Jobbing lnm;lly Afteutfe! to. 7G KING STREET. Coll Telephone No. 3. p. O. Box 423. Cll tf DAVIS & WILDER, 52 FORT STREET. IMPOETEES Grocers A ProTlsion Dealers. rBESB G00D3 BTEVm STEAMEE.- justness Cards. Hawaiian Fertilizing Co., Manufacturers of and Dealers in Cane Fertilizers BONE MEALS male to order; STABLE MANURE, rotted and mixed, ON HAND AND FOR SALE In quantities to suit. A. F. C00EE, Manager. Factory, Honolulu, H. I. lG4-3m The Liverpool and Lon don and Globe nsrsxjnvsCE CO I ESTABLISHED 1836. ,Met 4O.OJO.000 Aft Income ,OT,000 claims l'aid lia.5J,000 tv. t?ii-c ncrilnrt T.ops nr Dana'Tebv fire ou lu-.ii.iinK. MacUiuerjr, Snfiar hlills.Uvt ellins j aud i'urnituie, on ite most lavor.iijje terms. IBisliop & Co. 1168 Ciu 1-Coi B. LEVY & SON, Importers, "Wholesale Dealers and Commission Merchants In Foreign and Domestic FEUITf? AND rilODTJCE. We Are prepared to fill orders of all kinds in our line, and make a specialty in packing all kinds of fruit for long diatauce markets. Hawaiian Island patronage Trill receive special attention. 623 and 530 Sansome St., San Francisco. P. O. liox 1742, E. L. MARSHALL, Honolulu, 118-Cm Ajjent for Hawaiian Islands. SUN FIRE OFFICE, OF LONDON . Established 1710. Insurance effected npon every description of property at current rati s ot prtmium. Total Sum Insured in 1885 327,333,700 Claims arranced by the Local Agents, and paid with pvouiptitv.de and liberality. The jurisdic tion of the Looal Tribunals recognizee. G. W. Macfarlane & Co. Iru Agents for Hawaiian Islands. S. FOSTER & CO., WHOLESALE GKOCEltS AND Purchasing Agents. Sole Agentsjfor Simi'un'g Top-o-Can Uraml Diamond Creamery BUTTER. riMIIS CELEBRATED BUTTER IS X of the finest quality, made upon the finish and American systems combined. Packed in hermetically sealed tins, and warranted to keep in hot Climates. 2G ami 2 California St, AN FRANCISCO, : : CAL. ICS l2uc-iy THOMAS LINDSAY Has Reraoved His Manufacturing Jewelry Estalilishment From XnuRiin Street lo Thomas Block, King Street. Particular attention paid to repairing. FOOK LUX & CO., 113 Nuuanu Street, opposite Emma Ilall IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Chinese & Japanese Goods, Fire Crackers. New Designs in Cups and Sane" a. Tea, Cigars, and ill kinds of iancy Goods At Greatly Ke5neel Prlee. Regular shipments by every steamer. rosT OFFICE BOX XO. 255. gusiittSiJ Awards. NTERPKIS m PLANING MILL, ALAKEA, NEAR QUEEN STREET. 174 Telephone 55. H. G. CRABBE, HAY & GRAIN King Street, Honolulu, Opp. tee old roTlcc StatleB. S2-lro The Planters' Monthly Devoted to Ihe Encouragement of AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, STOCK RAISING and INDUS TRIAL PURSUITS GENERALLY, And more especially to the develop ment and perfection of Cultivation of Cane and the MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR. This popular journal has entered on its eighth volume, and having been Enlarged to 48 Pages Monthly, makes a yearly volume of nearly COO pages, devoted to the agricul tural and commercial prosperity of the Hawaiian Islands. The attention of the business men of Honolulu and of all persons engaged in industrial pursuits is called to this per iodical as a medium for Advertising & Information Which can be obtained in no other pub lication, here or abroad. 4The price of subscription is very low T-.vo Dollars a'd a Half ($2.50) per annum, or f 3.00 when mailed abroad. A few copies of bound volumes of the years 1SS6 and 1SS7 can be obtained fi.00 each. Address : II. M. WHITNEY, Editor Planters' Monthly, 1G 1254-3m Honolulu, H. I. UST ARRIVED PER BARK Mfeld, from London -EEST- Fence Wire, Galvanized Buckets, Best Coir Matting, 27" For Sale at Lowest Prices by"i G. W. Macfarlane & Co. 129 tf a. n. castle. J. B. ATHERTOX. CASTLE & COOKE, Shipping and Commission Merchants, -MPORTEKS AMD General Merchandise. -ALSO, AGENTS FOR- Grove Ranch Plantation, S. Haletead's Plantation. A. EC. Smith & Co., Koloa, Kauai, G. F. Blake's Steam Pumps. Union Fire and Marine Insurance Co., of San Prancisco. Etna Fire Invaranee Co, of Hartford. The New England Mutnal Life Insurance Co., f BatcB. D. Weston's Patent Centrifugal Machines. The New Yorfc and Honoluln racket Lice The Merchants' Line, Honolulu and San Francisco. Dr. Jayra Jk Sons Celebrated Medicines. Wilcox & Gibbs, Remington SEWING MCIinSTES. tf JOHN m Stoves, Ranges and Plumbing, Tin, Copper IOR EX. BARK JAMES S. STONE, -And Just Landed Galvanized Barb Wire, Galvanized Cut Nuils, Galvanized Cut Spikea, Galv. Clinch Beat Nails, Iron Cut Nails (asst'd) Horse Shoe Nails. Second-hand Iron Safes. Oak Lumber, Ash Lumber, "White Pine Lumber, Walnut Lumber, Cases Matches, Oakura, ritch, Tar, Cotton Waste, Italian Packing, Electric55 Kerosene Oil. "Downer's" Oil, "Eelmontine" Oil, Lard Oil, Gasoline, in Drums, (2-5 gallons in each). Piaster, Bosendal'? Ceraeut. Portland Cement, Dairy Cumberland. Coal. Straw Wrapping Paper, 29x30in., Grindstone?, Hair Mattresses, 40x25 lbs., Lamp Black, Three-quarter P.abber Hose, 3-ply, Ox Bows, Franklin Store Coal (in bulk and in casks), Drain Pipe 8, 4, 6 and 8 inchea. Hand Carts, Baby Cairiages, Sashes, Carriages the best ever consigned to us O. BEEWER & CO. H. E. Mclntyre & Bro., IMPORTERS AND DE1LBHS IK G-roceries5 Provisions and Feed, EAST COFFER FORT AND KING STREETS. New Goods received by rery paeRet from the Eartn states and Europe fresh California Prcdnceby erery eteamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any part of the cUy f of clae Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postofflce Box The Daily P. C. Advertiser and Weekly Gazette Are tle Leading: Newspaper i the Kingdom. (i. P. CASTLE. DEALERS IX- I Kobala Sugar Co., Haikn Sugar Co.. Paia Plantation, Papal kou Sugar Co. and Wheeler & Wilson NOTT Housekeeping Goods. and Sheet Iron Work SALE ! in Fine Ortlcr.- Barrel Shooks and Heads, Ax Handles, Pick Handles, Hoe Handles, Canal Baarows, Nesta Trunks. Metalic Paint, Fire Clay, Marble Dust. Salt, Balas Excelsior, Tubular Lanterns. Blinds, Doors, and Five Extension Top and a First-class Carriago. Australian Mail Service. FOR SAN FHANCISCO. Ch new and fine Al steel steamship Of tho OceanU Hteaoiship Company, will c due at Honolulu from Sydney aud Auckhuia ou or u.:o:;l Mar. Ofcli, 1889, Ari wlllleave lor the absve port with malls and passencei's ou or a&ou t tht.1 dae. For freight or 'assart', iuvlng SUl'EKlOH ACCOMilOUATlO.NS.ar iy to Win. (x. Irwin & Co., For Sydney and Auckland. The new and line Al steel steamship "MAEIPOSA" Ot the Oceanic Steamship Corapany . will be due at Honoluiu irom isau iraiicisco or or about Mar. 15, 1889. And will have protnpi dl ipatca w ith mans an assengers for thsabove ;irts. For freight or passage, havinu SUPKHIOil At! CO AlilODATIONS, apply to Wm. G. Irwin & Co., AGKNTS Clans Spreckela Wm. G. Irwin. CLAUS SPIiECKELS & CO. HONOLCLO HAWAIIAN ISLANDS Draw Exchange on the principal parts o the world. Will receive deposits ou open account, make collections and conduct a general banking and exchange business. Deposits bearing Interest received In their Sav lngs Department subject to published rules and regulations. 17oc3tf theo. p. severin Photographer. Has taken the Studio formerly occupied by A. A. MontaiiO, corner of KINO and FOKT bTS., and 19 prepared to take Pictures in any Stvlo 43T Printing done for Amateurs. "FU Cabinets $6 adoz. Work guaranteed. Entrance on1! Fort Street. "3-tf HONOLULU MARKET. (Successor to Wm. McCandlees.) nfo. 6 Queeu Street, Fisto Jf arkei, IIo iiolnln, II. I. Choicest Beef, Mutton, Pork, Fish VEGETABLES, ETC., Always Kept on Hand. Family and Shipping orders Carefully Attended to. L-.ve Slock 1- uruifchet to v eESa at thou notice. Telopliones 2STo. 21.2 s AND 13 A Iv EEY F. HORN, Practical Confectioner, Pastry Cook and Rafrer. Rich and Delicious Ice Cream made by s-U&ui. 71 Hotel Street. 111! WITHOUT INDEPENDENT JOURNALS. Peculiarities or the Laws llegnTatlnj Newspapers in the Kulan Empire. Brook'yu Easlo.l In the f.rst place, if vro except The Moscow Ciazotto, there is not such a thiu as au irulepcndout newspaper in v the wholo liussian euipiro. iSuperficial seoiTers at liussia may cap this by say ing that there has never been an inde pendent newspaper in Russia, aud thaf where a writer really claims freedom of views he has to resort to the channels of foreign journals for tho expression of opinions whbh would nover be toler ated at homo. This, however, is n mis conception, readily -arising from ignor ance of tha censor arrangements c liussia. in that country nowspapera &re divided into two catapories those that are scanned by the censor interior to publication, and those that are not soanned until they have aetually appeared. All the prominent papcN belong to the first category, and most of those published in t?t. i'etersburg and Moscow 10 tho latter. When the censor has to pass every lino of print before it can publicly appear it is obvious that there can be no genuine expression of t nought, and thus, with tho exception of ThoTi;ii3 Obnor, there has never been an independent provin cial newspaper in Russia. But tho caso is ditl'cfent with tho dailies of tho two capitals. Providing a man has tho courage, or ia backed up by & minister, ho can readily express what ho thinks, because it is not until his newsp?-per ia already in tho hands of the public that the censor is aware of its contents. At the present moment nobody haa tho courage to express his opiniona except Retkott, of The Moscow Gazette, but a deca ie ao tho case was very different. The Golos, for instance, was notorious for tho independence of its views. Tho Russki Courier, of Moscow, was an other Thoroughly independent paper. In those days one really read in Tho Golos what its brilliant staff of writera thought, but such freedom of criticism was inconvenient to the government. While tho emperor was away in Turkey The Golos and several other papers of its class acquired a license of expression that had to be checked on hia return home. Tho Golos had always, from tho out set of its career, been in hot -water, but a ter tho Turkish war the warnings, fines, interdiction of street calca and suppressions followed each other with such rapidity that the paper no sooner expiated ono olfense than it was in for another. At la3t, tired of the conflict, the government hit upon a ery effect ive mode of silencing its antagonist. A new law passed providing that any paper suppressed should not be allowed to reappear without passing into th category of the inferior press, and sub mitting to censorship anterior to publi cation. The Kraevsky tried to evade by dropping the title of Golos at the close of the period of suppression, and through a second party Modestoff, one of the sub-editors, issuing a new daily, got up exactly the same aa before, but with a different title. But thia maneu ver was too obvious to deceive the state, and directly the new paper began to speak its mind the government summa rily suppressed it without resorting to the usual preliminary three warnings. Nowadays tho various departments of state uso the press as a puppet, and nearly every day send through the tensor circulars to the editors ordering them to support such and such views, and to avoid comment on thia or the other topic. Stores of instances might bo given of this modo of manipulating the press. Sometime ago an accident occurred on tho Moscow railway, already attributable to carelessness on the part of tho railway officiate. The Moscow railway is not state property, but tho , minister of railways considered hia amour propro sufficiently interested in the accident to send round a circular to the editors ordering them to refrain from any comment on it. One can readily understand the de graded condition to which such a course of treatment has reduced tho Russian press. Practically speaking, all comments worthy of tho name have disappeared from its column?. Tho newspapers are of tho same size as they used to be and comprise about the same amount of printed matter; but when ono comes" to examine what that matter is ho finds that it consists of opaque padding from beginning to end. Without exaggeration a single average American chuiy paper publishes more ! matter in the real sense of the term than all the newspapers of tho Russian empire printed during twentj-four hours would . yield if their coutents were "boiled down." There i3 a curioua meaning in the word3 often used by Russians, that foreigners know core about what is eoinjr on in Russia thaa t the Russians themselves J.-O Stivirl tx-t a Cavalry Officer. CfvrM-o ILraM. A German oftcer ofored his services, with an enormously long sword, to Jeif Ravis during the war, and was assigned to Je'j .--te wart's cavalry. Ho thus nar rated bis reception in tho field: 'T come to Gen. Stewart, and h& tell me, 'Ma; or 'on , I have more foreigners than I know what to do with; they are all sent to me and are no account. I have no place on my stall for yon. Stop there is a regiment about to charge. Charge with it.' I charge with the regiment, and when I come back Gen. Stewart says. Major von , I keep you with me on my staff." Pr;nc3 Frederick Charles, on a visit to this o . 'liter's ancestral seat, near Berlin, dis-'-ovcring his own portrait above that of Stewart on the wall, took hia down and pia.ed it below, with tho remark, that he considered i-tewart the abler of the two cavalry generals. A yearling that weighs seven hun dred pounds is worth more than twa weighing four lundred each.