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DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MARCH 9, 18S9
AGE OF GLYCERINE. TONS USED IN THE NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA OIL FIELDS. Th Invention of Oil-Well Torpedoes Muufcttirer( of Nitro-Gljcerine siiootinir i on Wei I. Pradfor l (Pa.) letter. "This is emphatically the a.e of glycer ine, " remarked an oil man, a3 ho pen sively contemplated the evershiftin liiires in the electric indicator ia the ball way of the I'etroleum exchange "E:3s than two years ago Dr. 1'oberts. who invented oil well torpedoes, had a monopoly of tbo business, lie raked in bcvcral million dollar before bis patents expired, but he spent more than a million In bringing lawsuit atjuinst unscrupulous persons who infringed his rights. "There was always competition, though, and all of the doctors money could not crush the daring men who secretly manu factured and covertly exploded tbo glycer ine in the wells after nightfall. " Then they were called moonlighters. Now the business is free to a'L ilany moonlight ers were blown to piece while engaged in their unholy work. The profits, how ever, were so large that men were found at all times who were auxious to risk their lives. iM'itIN'S CUMPINIES EVFItYWITEItE. "After the Roberts patent expired glycerine companies sprang up in every direction. The day after the monopoly expired the announcements of a round dozen glycerine manufacturers appeared in the oil c juntry papers. The era o: high prices came to an er;d at the same time. In Bradford alone there are ik less than nine large firms who rnanu facture and explode about th.rteet tons of glycerine per month. "Never before ia the history of the ro gfon has the use of g!ycerin' been so ex tensive. For years the producer in tbt Bradford field was content to use fifteen or twenty f,uart shots. It was feared thai heavier doses would ultimately destroy the eand formation and ruin the wells. The enormous prices charged for lnrg torpedoes in thoe d tys a so had a bearing on the situation. Torpedoes were quotec as hiuh as sf 1,'JoO. J or $.:oo a wealthy oil man could jive his well a good shak ing up. Then glycerine was sold by th quart Now oil men buy the stulf by th Larrel. A barrel contains forty-two gal Ions, and costs about $lo0. " Bradford's nine firms employ fifty Bhooters. They are kept tn the go both day and night 1 ast month over twelvt tons of glycerira wero burned In the Urad ford neld alone. In July at least ten torn of the explosive wero lowered into th wells, and, from all accounts, fccptem ber's record will surpass that I'HENf i.MK.VAL SHOT.0. "Eighty quarts, or nearly half a barrel. now represents the average shot. lJyua mito 8 uibs have, in a large measure, sue. ceeded the 'go deviL' The "go devil' is a weight which was dropped at th critical motneut oa the firing head of tht torpedo, ex plodi ig it The constant en largernent of the cavity in the oil-bearinj rock necessitated something bi tter, ano that was the dynamite s ,uih While the average shot is eighty quarts, there art many tirnis who think nothiug of explod ing from two to live bar re s of glycerine in a well. The j1jo k tears out the rocb and opens up the clogged veins of oil The cans in which the deadly explosive is transported about tho iit-id have been en larged from six to eight quarts' capacity, aud each shooter's wagon carries ten cans, or eighty quarts, of thestu r. "tome wells are treated to phenomenal shots. The owners of a test well in W ar ren county wanted to make a big show ing. They used oer a ton of glycerine. The earth around tho well trembled and tho spectators wero prostrated on the ground. It was the largest shot on record. A well which produces from one to two barrels per day naturally, has its capacity increased to eight or ten barrels aftei shooting. Wells do not hold out long after such an experience, Tlniy gradually decline, and in tho course of a few weeka fall off to their original figures. "Dollar oil in Uradford, and the heavy premium paid for lower country, or white sand oil. is the cause of this boom in the glycerine market During the past six months over fifty tons of tho explosive have been consumed in the New York and Pennsylvania oil fields. If oil ever touches $2 a barrel it will pay producers to man ufacture their own glycerine. " Makirt; Clote Change. fTli Arj;o'ia'it.l An interesting story is told of Mr. Vanderbilt's regard for money. Ho in vited a frieud out riding one day, and pulled up his beautiful horses at the vichy spring, saying: "I always stop and get a drink here." lie had on driv ing gloves, but managed to empty his gass. Instantly, however, his hands were busy straining at the reins, for the horses were quite lively. His friend knew that the ichy must be paid for, and faw that Mr. anderbilt could not release tho horses to take any change from his pocket. S ho rather timidly produced a quarter from his waistcoat lie was handing it to the boy who had brought the ichy. when the eyes of Mr. Vanderbilt fell on the coin. "Tut. tut. " said he, nudging his companion with his elbow, "10 cents is enough; 10 cents is plenty. n I.uk l;i Life. ( fL'l i a o Herald). Thirteen boys set out one night to com mit a depredation on a melon patch. In a manner well known to farmers, but not known to the boys, the patch was planted with alternate rows of pumpkins. The night was dark, the work was silent, and us eacu uoy secured nis prue he stole silently away to the rendezvous. When all were assembled it became known to the party that twelve boys had stolen pumpkins and one boy had a watermelon. That's tho story of luck in life, (me fel low has a watermelon most of the other fellows tiave pumpkins. Wtk'.'i Itrfure tlio C.tmei-it. F.xehanir-.! Cue day, while Dickens was being taken by a photographer, the result, bu lug the well known picture in w hich he is shown writing, the artist told him that Le d'.d not hold the pen right, and sug gested that he should tako it'more natur ally iu his lingers. "Just as though you wero writing "ono of your novels, '.Mr. Dickens. " said ha "1 see, " said Dickens, "all of 'cr twist. " A Sever I'uiiUhment. Harper's Bazar.) Mamma (to 1'lorry, who is ready for bed, .Now, Florry, come and say yt r prayers, dear. lorry Must I say my prayers every night, mamma? i ather trying to read the pa-er Flor ence, u you do not say your iuaers at! once, you wi.L not be a.lowed to s-a them at alL fve v V .p i M.ti :m ! -i ! A strain rans.d 1 Newport, ui.mra eau.ht camping . ut in j the .vdnouU.ujkt. a s,.rai .ed uuiiie eea- 1 Bioned by a tad p.aym,' po o. or a a I "awludy red face," tlie" result of yachting I at .ew . oml ti. are saui to le tne tasu- i ioiable aiinuai-um ng yuung peoji.e of! both se as. C. BREWER & COMPANY, (Uuiitetl). G KNEIIA L MERCANTILE A5D -COMMISSION AGENTS. LIST OF OFP1CER3: P. C. Jon. Jr President and Manager 3. (). Car ter Treasurer and Secretary Uou. W. Allen Auditor DIRECTORS: Hoc. C. R. LisLop. Hon. n. Waterhonee rm ffo Chan & Co, NUUANU STREET, Have Just Received by Late Arrivals A largo and well assorted Stock of hand-painted China Dinner and Qea Sets To which the attention of intending pur chasers is directed, as no goods of equal quality have ever been imported into this market. Also, all varieties and qualities of Silk Handkerchiefs, Of Chinese and Japanese make. Also, TO ARRIVE by bark "VELOCITY," now due, an assortment of GRAMTE Paving and Curb Stones and a few CLINKER BUILT BOATS. 15.--ly LEWIS & CO.; FOET STREET, Importers, Wholesale and Betall Dealers in Groceries and Provisions. tlTlce lloute ooIh a Specialty .Tl m-tz HONOLULU MARKET. (Succeufor to Wni. McCandless.) No. G (uein Street, Flsli farket, IIo iioluln, 11. 1. Choicest Beef, Mutton, Pork, Fish VEGETABLES. ETC., Always Kept on Hand. Family and Shipping orders Carefully Attended to. Live Stock Furnished to Vessels at short notice. Telephones 3STo. 212 LOVE'S BAKERY. xo. 73 Nuuann Street. M IIS. RO Bf. LOVE, ... Proprietress. Every Description of Plain and Fancy Bread and Crackers, r R E 8 II Soda Crackers A K D Saloon Bread AlH)!t on Hand. MILK BEEAD A SFECIiLTY. tlui.l Ortlers l'romptly AtteuIel tr 172-3ra i;.ai.x-,.. m .m ,i r-ii i 11 111 i i II Mil II. Ill T III 33 IMPERISHABLE PERFUME. Murray & Lanman's FL0H1DA WATER. Best for TOILET. BATH. and SICK ROOM. FILTER PRESSES. TAATHAr Plantation, X Hawaii. March 9, 1S88. J Kls.lon Iron and Locomotive Works, San Fran cisco. (iHUtleTiipri 'We have nseil two of rour SO ')i.-nlMr'I Filter I'resses tbis ceason. They ir- :oi)vrruent, easily Iiandleil and are worklnsr i;tiit ly t. our sat isf ction. I can recomme&Jl in- inn rovrinnt on them Very rfsrctully yours. (signed A. Moobe, Macagtr Paaubau Plantation. Tlirp rresf !i are being carried In stock in H.Tiolut'i and are sold &t the very low price f h5."). oo i ii Honolulu to meet tbedemand ronninnineut is uow on the y. i:Utlon Iron I.oco. Works, 82 12ii am San Francisco (General ttncriiscmcnts. GEO. W. LINCOLN, rfMIE WELL -KNOWN BUILDER, IS STILL IN THE FIELD AS A CON-J- tractor, and is now better prepared to do any and all kinds of work appertaining to contracting or any other class of work belonging to his trade, in the same good and workmanlike manner as heretofore; having curtailed my shop expenses and still retain plenty of room to do any and all kinds of work apiertain ing to the builJing trade that may be entrusted to my care. 1 am enabled to do the same at very lowratea, to suit the extremely dull times, and at the same time bearing in mind that what is worth doing at all is worth doing well. Thanking the I Go "W YETH'S LIQUID MALT Contains all the nutritive virtues of the best Malt Liquors while it is FREE from all stimulating effects. ISTOT -A BEVERAGE. The following analysis the proportion of alcohol in the Malt Extract as Com pared with Malt L.'.quors: . , Extractive -vvf,. Alcohol. Matter. ater. English siaall beer 3.2 2.4 9AA Lager beer (Brooklyn) 2.8 2.S 94.4 Malt extract (Wyeth's) 2.54 15.0 82.40 The Manufacturers, Messes. Jno. Wyeth & Ero., Fhil., have appointed BENSON, SMITH & COMPANY, l-3m The Equitable Life Assurance Society OF1 THE XJjSTITED STATES. Stands First Anions the Leading Life Assurance Companies of tie forll In Outstanding Assurance, in New Business, in Surplus, in Total Income, in Premium Income, in the annual Increase in Surplus and Assets, in the Percentage of Assets to Liabilities, and in all other Important Respects. Assets. Dec. 31, 1887, : : : 881,478,901 85. Outstanding Assurance S483,029,563 New Business of 1887 Ili8,0 3,l05 Surplus (4 per cent. Standard) 1, 104,55 Increase in Surplus during the Year 1,4S,37! Increase In Assets during tne Year S,86S,43i Total Income 23,24(,84J Premium Income 19,11",775 Percentage of Assets to Liabilities 17 l- A Careful Study of the above Proves Conclusively that the Equitable Society is the most Profitable and Secure Life Assurance Company for intending Assurers. ALEX. eJ. CARTAVRIGH, 90-tf GENERAL AGENT HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. HAWAIIAN GAZETTE Printing Establishment Merchant St., Plain and Fancy Printing INCLUDIXO- Luw Books and Blanks, i'umphlets of any kin'l, Lawyers' Briefs, Freight and Plantation Books, Statistical Work, Colored Poster Work, Lithograph Colored Curds, Business and Visiting Cards, Ball and Wedding Card, Programmes, Billheads, Letterheads printed in Copying Ink, Etc., Etc., Etc., PROMPTLY AND NEATLY EXECUTED. :o:- THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO., II. M. WHITNEY, Business Manager. public for past favors, remain respectfully yours, GEO. W. LINCOLN. EXTBACT SOLE AGENTS FOR THE II AWN ISLANDS. Honolulu. Ex Bark H. Hackfeld FROM LIYEKFOOL, N uiirn Selwig & Lange's Patent 18 to SO Cliauibers, Wl.ich have proved a great success at Lihue, Uanaiuaulu, Kekaha, Wiiruea, Koloa. Labaina, LaupuLoehoe, etc., and which are provided with the latest improvements; also, SPARE PARTS OF ABOVE TRESSES and FILTER CLOTH FOR THE SAME ; Sugar Coolers, (round corners) Iron Tanks, 3 sizes; Baxter Engines, Deane's Steam Tumps, Steel Bails & Fixtures Tortable Track, Sleepers & Switches, Corrugated Iron, all lengths; Fire Bricks, Slates, Fire Clay, Asbestos, White Bros Portland Cement Germania P. Cement, Keg Shooks, liivets, Sugar aud Coal Bags, Coal Baskets, Twine, Stockholm and Coal Tar, Ete. For Sale at Lowest Hates by H. HACKFELD & CO. 13G-lm Notice of Copartnership. Hawaiian Transfer Co. THE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING PUK ch.tsed the business of J. Green and the American Express Company, have con solidated under the hrm name of the II A WA 1 1 AN TEA NSFEK COM PAN Y, and are prepared to carry on the Draying and Express business of all kinds. l?Telephone ofliee at No. 75 King St., next door to Eobt. lore's. lJell 1GO Telephones Mutual 5G5. X2yAll kinds of carting faithfully and promptly attended to ; furniture removed and carefully handled; alwaj's on hand on arrival of steamers. If you want a wagon or dray you will find it to vour advantage to ring up either of our telephones. J. V. McGUIKE, umiu j. McQueen. Just -Received cx Stair. Mariposa From New Zealand ! The First Lot of New Zealanc Potatoes Onions, FOR SALE BY- II. MAY '& CO. 35-lw To Arrive ! Bock Salt for Cattle. jTA few tons still undisposed of. APPLY EARLY. Theo. H. Davies & Co. 140-lm MAY UMAX'S Florida Water THE UNIVERSAL PERFUME for the Toilet, the Bath and the Handkerchief. -REPO R T- OP Prcf. Alexander Vi'assi!!ew!tsch PceW An.ilyinc; Chemist for the Rui..n (i'.vernmeat St. f'eterj.Lurg : "Murray & Lanman's FLORIDA WATER doe3 N(.JT contain ar.y integral parts which could Le pernicious to hc:,ith." "'J he cornpamtive investiga tion h;ts shown th;.t Murray & Lanman's FLORIDA WATER pfsesses in a vela tiiicd state a cre-tcr ability and power to purify the air than 'Eau ie Cr.Infrr.e'; and in this respect Murray & Lanman's FLORIDA WATER fa r referable to tbo wt'.l-knowq Cr I ;ne Waters." No. G404 Sept. 30th, IS1. JUST ARRIVED VKA LARK llaclfeR from London -EEST- Feuce Wire, Galvanized Buckets, Best Coir Matting, "for Sale at Lowest Price 12 tf RO FILTER PRESSES ! m w H m r a 3&&frtistmtiu$. r-r-i' E3 IS IN ' 0 III HI 6 " 1UKMSIIEI JGYERX MORNING. (Except BY HAWAIIAN Subscription, Or 50 Cents Delivered THE ADYERTISER Represents the Interests of the Politician, the Merchant, th Planter, the Storekeeper, the Lawyer, the Workman, and, in fact, all Classes of the Community. THE ADTEETISEE lias for many years been noted for its Reports of Legiglati a Proceedings, Important Law Cases, etc. These .are recorded Verhatim when the importance of tho occasion warrants it. THE ADVERTISER Is a necessity to Every English. speaking Inhabitant of the Kingdom who desires to keep pace with the tirae3. THE ADVERTISER Is copious and prompt in- the publication of Local News, and its readers are kept constantly posted as to the course of events in other parts of the world, particularly in tho United States. H. M. WHITNEY, Manager, Advertiser THE THE o:- Sunday.) THE GAZETTE CO : 6.00 per Annum per Month : by Carrier. Honolulu, n. I.