Newspaper Page Text
DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISED, 3IAY 23. 1889.
EVENTS OF TO-DAY. Am ion Sai.i-.s Rcji'dar .!. ! at 10 i. in., au.i sale wl itriii;in furniture jti"t imported ;it 11 a. m. hv L. .J. Levey. Sale of .?. l.uniii's fur niture at 10 a. m. I.y .1. Y. M oi';tn. Dkmvtim! S.x iktv OiIhi L ro.:n, Fort strtft. 7 k hi. V. V. V. A. II Ai l. ( la in En-IM. Literature, 7 ::') p. in. K Mi:i'mkh lifAKi) -Lplfiolu.ku'iuanls. lrill, 7 :.') p. ni. THE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Hi Jast :til fr not: Lt all the eiid thou aiin'nt at bi Thy Country', thy (ioV. n 1 Truth'. Thursday, .MAY 2.5, iss'j HOMESTEAD LOTS. The hIuw increase of population, and the tardy development of all kinds of agricultural enterpri.-es in this country, oiUmMo of sugar and ricn growing, aro matters upon which wo have already commented prouy ireeiy. nen we compare cur record in these respects, with what is goin on in the Pacific States of America, we have reason to feel that we art very small potatoes indeed. Of course, the fundamental difficulty is the lack of available land, obtainable in small quantities, and suitable us regards location, accessibility and so on, for the use of people of moderate means. Our climate is at one) healthful and delightful. Our arable land, much of which still lies wast'.1, is of exceed ing richness, and there is a consid erable home market for many pro ducts which flourish, in this country, but with which we aro still supplied m linly from abroad. Some supercilious critic may ios sibly ask us, what are you going to 1 ) about it? Well, so far as wo are personally concerned wo aro uot going to do anything about it, ex cept to agitato the question and en deavor to keep it before tho public. It is not tho business of newspapers to provide lands for the landless' any moro than it is to feed tho hungry, clotho tho naked, or furnish free rides for tho lame and tired. It is their business, however, and their duty, to call attention emphatically to existing ovils, and, so far as prac ticable to indicate tho direction in which a remedy may be sought for. In matters of this kind, men aro apt to look first to the government as the source from which relief ought to come. If this tendency is not natural and inevitable, it is a all events very common, the result perhaps of education and habit. Many people regard a government as a kind of npecial providence, whose function it is to provide all kinds of gootl and desirable things for people who nro unable to pro vide the samo for themselves. This paternal theory of government has a certain amount of reason in it, and only does much harm when carried too far. In the present instance, th help the Government can reader under existing laws, is very limited, aud an inquiry into the facts of the v lie satisfies us that what they have done, aud aro no;v doing, is all that could be reasonably asked. A few years ago a so-called Home stead Wet was passed, providing for the disposing of unoccupied Govern ment lauds in small lots to actual net-tiers. Tho law may be a some what lame and inadequate one, but such as it is, it is being carried out iu good faith, and with results in the main satisfactory. VTe have taken the trouble to obtain a list of the different lots which have been offered under tho provisions of this act at different times within the last year and a half. The following is the list: In 18S7, twelve lots iu Nuuanu Valley, Honolulu, and thirty-seven lots at Ahualoa, Hamakua, Hawaii. These, compri-ung forty-nine lots in all. were well and promptly taken. In 188S there were forty lots offered at Kaapahn, Hamakua, Hawaii, tif teon lots at Kaunamano, Hamakua, Hawaii, thirty lota at. Paauilo, Ham akua, Hawaii, and so far during the present year, forty-seven lots at North Koua, Hawaii, forty two lots at Ukumehameiki, Kula, Maui, and thirty-eight Ijts at Kaiwiki, Hilo, Hawaii. The advertisement of the last nam ! appeared in our yester day mon. igs issue. In addition to the above there are thirty-two lots at Waiakon. Maui, which have been surveyed and mapped, and the ad vertising of which is being held back pending the settlement of some mat ters involving certain legal formal ities. The above lots, nearly three hun dred in number, have all been care fully surveyed and mapped, and no questions concerning titlos or boun- daries aro over liable to arise. This, in a country where boundaries ; are as uncertain and titles as' badly mixed as thov often are here, is no small advantage. Kvery ; lot lias a frontage upon some exist ing public road, or upon laud ro served for road purposes when the ! lots are occupied. j The readiness with which the lots j are taken up depends, of course, upon their location and desirability. ' This, necessarily, varies consider- I ably. Iiiose situated in Nuuauu . Valley and Ahualoa, Hawaii, went ; oft, as we have already remarked, j very rnpidly. Those at Kaapahu, Kaunamano and Paauilo art less in demand. The location is rather out of the way and some of the land rough. For tho lots at North Kona, Hawaii, and Ukumehameiki, Maui, there are already plenty of seekers, anil there are also abundant ir: quiries for those at Waiakoa, which aro not yet advertised. The total acreage included in the above, we have been unable to as certain accurately. Tho size of homestead lots is limited by law to twenty acres. The effort has boon to make them, while not exceeding that limit, as near to it as the size and shape of the lands from which they wort cut, and tho need of pro viding them all with road frontage, rendered possible. Wo suppose it is safe to say that the total area is in '.he neighborhood of live thousand acres. This may not seem like a v i-y great showing, but the accurate : ..rveyirg and mapping of some hundred pieces of land is something which cniinot be done in hurry, particularly when the force t the tlisposal of the Department is limited. It will bo understood, of course, that the work of laying out hoine ttad lots is not completed. It is siill under way, and we are assured will be steadily prosecuted, as long land suitable for the purpose i mains, and as fast as the small available working force can do the necessary work. The great and radical difficulty in the way of carrying out a public homestead policy upou any large scale, is that the Government has not tho land to do it with. Although the amount of public land seems largo when stated in acres, it is mostly of a kind which is absolutely useless for cutting up into twenty acre lots. The Government had already parted with most of its good land, long beforo tho present Home stead Act became a law. What now remains is, with the exception of small bits here and there, such as can only bo utilized to advantage in large tracts for cattle ranges, goat farms, timber growing aud the like. Evidence of an intention to execute the law in its letter and spirit, and due dilligence in demonstrating that intention by means of practical work, is all that can be reasonably ex pected. These wo have. CANADIAN PARLIAMENT. A lrotrict'l Ilate on the Seizure in Kehrir.g Set. Ottawa, April 20th. In the Com mons this evening Prior of Victoria, 1. C, brought up the question of the seizure of Canadian vessels iu Bearing Sea, and said he wished to impress upou the Government the imperative necessity of bringing matters to a speedy settlement. He hoped Sir John Macdouald would urge the Imperial Government to settle the questiou once anil for all, and urged that be should cable the Imperial authorities to order a gun boat to protect British citizens in Behring Sea. If this were done he ventured to predict thero would be no more complaints about the ill treatment of Canadian fishermen by the United States. Davies of Prince Fdward Island thought the conduct of the Amer ican Government in the matter re prehensible, and urged their posi tion be strongly opposed by the Canadian Government. He said the Dominion should have an lhubassa dor at Washington to ileal with such matters as this. Sir John Macdouald said the House should remember the question was one which did not a fleet Canada only. Americau vessels had been seized as well as Canadians. Others ha 1 iK- n rendered bankrupt and ruined by the seizures; many Amer ican vessels had been abused by the Alaska Commercial Company. The rn stion was one which affected the w" ole vorld, which opposed the 1 1 :i .s of the Americ in Government to monopoly of these waters. It was an imperial question, and when they foil', i lnglaud remonstrated strong ly they might leave it to her. The delay in negotiations is duo to the An.frican Government and not to England. Ho believed Sir Juliau Pauncefote, tho new Kmbassador at YYadiingtoii, was peculiarly qualified to deal with such a question, and that Canada's interests were safe in hi. hands. vue British Government had as su.red him of their belief that the claims of Canada were just and those of t'io United States unfounded. If the American Government continued tc insist that the whole of this sea , 1 . " ii... . i i it i i vus iwwu to uiw v.onuii, wouiu leati i- " 1" 11 - i 10 serious compneanons, ana no a:a not want by a single word to add to the calamitous consequences. Lord Lunsdowne, the ox-Governor-Gen eral, when he retired from office, had I i t.l rKKoxs akk in:nr:r.Y c.r takeu the views of the Canadian; tiencd atraint vi-: vn -ii: t !.r-n-Government wilh him and laid them in " twnne vi:h..:it ;V'IyI'vri.,.:i'r,,'V-,'Ir.. before the British Government. i WailH M:u:i. 'vn Hie great wrong Canada has suf- fered at the hands of the United ' T , j ; States, he was s ire, would impel the ' .hOOlHS X ) MM Imperial Government to settle tl - p:uti(n, if in .t jH-acefully, then ; otherwise. SUGAR IN THE UNITED STATE; There is no reason for uny surprise , at the advance in sugar. Wo aro j merely experiencing tho inevitable j reaction from the unwarranted de- j press?on of 18SG, when dry granu- j la ted sold at 5. cents. The thing ; has worked in a circle, as usual. By I offering bounties and bonuses the Germans caused an excessive pro duction of beet sugar, which led to a decline in the price; the decline made it unprofitable to work some of the plantations in Cuba, where the crop of cane sugar has fallen off 150,0X) tons, and the reduced stock has now again stimulated speculation and prices have risen. Taking dry granulated as a type of the market, it is now 1 cents higher than it was ut New Years and 1 cents higher than it was at New Years in 1888. The advance is based on a reduction in the visible stock of raw sugars equal to 170,000 tons, as compared with this date last year, though, of course, the upward tendency has been assisted by the manipulations of the trust. An increased pro duction is sure to follow, and at some point, probably not far distant, a downward turn iu prices will come. The important feature in the case is the probable effect of the recent advance in the development of the sugar industry in this State, and its dependency, the Hawaiian Islands. Tho Hawaiian crop this year will probably amount to 125,000 tons; but the demand for raw sugar from our two refineries is so krgo that a small fleet of vessels are u mv on the way from Manila loaded with sugar. Tho product of beet sugar on this coast is thus far onlv nominal. But Mr. Clans Spreekels states that the last of the capital in his new o, 000.000 beet sugar company has just been taken up, and that in a short while ten factories, each costing $500,000, will be in operation in this State, making raw sugar from beets. If the price of tho commodity can bo maintained anywhere near ire sent figures, the profits of these concerns will be large and other refineries will be established. We may thus yet come to see the day when, as Mr. Spreekels predicts, the United States will not import a pound of dutiable sugar, California, Louisiana and the Sandwich Islands being able to supply the whole demand. So startling a change in the tide of commerce could not fail to be fol lowed by political consequeuces of moment. In the times in which we live politics aro more frequently ruled by commercial considerations than by patriotic sentiment. If, to morrow, the reciprocity treaty with Hawaii were repealed, the islands would have to sue for admission to the Union to save the sugar planta tions, and the United States would have to admit theni to save them from tho clutches of some European power. Again, if ever, as Mr. Spreekels says, this country comes to grow its own sugar, Cuba will be ruined; and all the armies of Spain will not suffice to prevent its inhab itants from begging for annexation. It is thirty odd years since James Buchanan and Pierro Soule issued the Ostend manifesto, in which they advised tho United States to give Spain a hundred millions for Cuba, in order to add more slave States to the Union ; and now here comes a qui"t business-like German gentle man, who sets up beet sugar fact ories and so works things that Spain may presently be offering tho island to us for a small consideration. The effect of a cessation of snar imports into the United States would be felt over the whole com mercial world. We pay now to for eigners without counting the Ha waiian sugar some 75,000,000 every year for sugar and molasses. This payment, which passed through the world's clearing-house London goes a long way to defray the cost of the food which we supply to Europe. If it stopped Europeans would have to pay for that food in money; and the new departure would in the course of a few years make New York and San Francisco the financial centers of the world, instead of Loudon. S. F. Paper. I ..li SI A T 'I'-BKAK V. IN' coon j reiair. Knoiiireof Dr. D.;v. .vi i Bcretania -ireet. 22 -lni Waiako;) M ill Co. t a mi:f.tin; of this company. held Mayl'l. 1:, at the otrice .f TIko. H. Davies it Co., the following otticers were elected fur the ciiMiinir year : President Mr. Tho. II. Davies Vice-President... .Mr. Alex Yeiini: Treasurer Mr. F. M. Swanzy S; relary Mr. 10. W. lIi.!dvorth Auditor! Mr. T. P. Key worth E. W". HOLDSW oPiTH, Sccrctarv. Honolulu. Mav 21, is. ri IS IIFdlKDY (1IVF.N THAT MY WIFK. - Tiieresa Madiado Meranda. has Kit my bed and boaivl vsithi'tit imii-c nr ;-rovira- tion an(1 i win not ,,e resnon-iUe for anv . . . . A ini contram-i hv tier. rj"-:u O'J'ICE. v,:;; u,t.u;uin. nuttion Sale BY L. .r. LKVKV. Important Sale of Household Furniture AT AUCTION. Dv order of Mers II UACKFKLD & CO, I will sell at Public Auction, This Day, THURSDAY, MAY 2:3d AT 11 O'CLOCK A. M., A coM.i-nmnil of Fine Household -urn j n -t airiwd by the bvrk O N V ncox. Id Furniture. i.'onipris-ii-.iC Book Cases, Bureaus, Sideboards. Wardrobes, .Mart.lcto;, W KM.iudr-. m Walnut aud Kxiirsfon Vini,, Table & Writine Table, Card and Sm.-kiiij; "la hie, Vienna Furniture ! Consis-tin.ir of Hinititr Koon: Chairs. s,,f;(s. Chairs, l-Vidin-and Arm Chair-, I'mno moo;, ETC.. ETC., ETC. A ho, a chok e selection of Lame & Small Bugs LEWIS J. LEVEY, Auctioneer. Su'lrn'tt.crmnt- What is Worth A l v'i t isiiiff Is Worth Al-Hisiii- Weil. Therefor-. Advertise in the DAILY AIVKIlTISi:i:. Up-lowii Bookstore! gy-The. novki. way of sur-plying; tlic market with NOViOL.S only re:tfs a liemand for greater novklty in noyi.i. readin.tr. gy-lv late steamers the following SKA.sl DKS am otiii:r LimiAltli: have been received. Works by .Airs. Alexander, jliin .M . K. liraililcn. Charlotte !U. lirat-ine, Willi tin niark. Wilkie Collins, I V ii i i m r- Cooper, M'he Duehess, C'has. Hickeiis, (complete) C,o. Kli t Killer !Iasr;;arl, .James A. i roinle. Sir K. Ilulu cr l.ytton, ('has I.cvfr Ouhla, I. ujiene S Sir W alter Scott, ami other Standard W'k of Fiction Brown's KnIih (traininar with analy sis, cloth, 2i cents. Revised New Testaments, cloth bound LT) and 50 cents., .Morocco l'.ibles. 7.r cents. Webster's Dictionary. :'" cents. Tocket Atlas, 3o cents. Tablets suitable for schools and private letter writing at lowest possible rates. A (p-.antity of l.ADIKS' 15A;:S, to be sold out at cost ! Kid ':in rinses. 1 5o. St j aj hie ami Fountain IVtia, 7"c. and up; a variety of -styles. Toilet "'apers, ami ;.rie. pks. Croo.net :sets from il.50 up. Lawn Tenuis Sets. lirr.UF.U V.ALLS, P A H F. BALLS;, BATS, .MASKS and (JLOVLS. LAWN TKNN1S BALLS and KAl'KHTS. 121-lw lip-Town kA Store, Foil St Planters' Monthly For Mav loo;?. TAP. Ll". OF (ONTKNTS: Notes Willi O.ir Headers. l'o:i!;l. t. "ru-hii :it P.ih.ila, I'a'ie SoodlinL's once more Causes of the Kie in the Price of Sugar Srlrr:ir V' annuel m o in Hawaii Mangoos and their Improvement Tobacco Culture The Olive, Varieties of Sohtr Natural las He pi it of Pro: ss; t L. M. Norton on i j So!ar Natural Jas Spot fli of Paroii i!e Woims on the F.urotHvin Bou'ity System Purine of Si;.ii- Iiahi.-try in the Ar gentine Kepublic The teensiaiul Sugar Industry Uussia Beet Sugar D lutry. I ti:rm: Yearly su! si-ription . . $ 2 oO , r orei'ii Iouiui Volumes Haek oIumes F":;nd to ord 4 0 ) 3 Addros : GZF.TTE PUBLISHING CO., 4', Merchaiit St., Honolulu. tiScw'Jw KEMOVAL! CRYSTAL SODA WORKS Have moved tin ir Ym 'ory to CoIburiTs Pire - proof Building, I v I X O STEEET, Near MaViiinkea lo:',-l in ;tr-et. UVERTlSi: YH R WANTS IN jus 1 :h. i1il C .:nui-rcial Advertiv r BOATS FOK SALE. VK HAVE ON HAND JJkiiXM J one -ioot Whaleboat, h ; with iron center-board, niast, sail, oars, etc., complete; Miitable tor tihing. Also, one 7o-lb. clinker pleaMire SkiT, copper fastened, with oars and rowlocks; will be sold cheap for cash. Both new. I-Apply at POWER it M)N"S, 115-1 m Shop near the Fish Market. EAGLE HOUSE NUUANU STREET. Thia First-class Family Hotel, having just changed Lauds. Las leeo i thorougLlv renovattd, together ith the K A PEN A PUKMISK3 uow attached, and is prepared to receive gmrsis By the Day, Week or Month At Reasonable Kates. TABLE UNSURPASSED. Transient quests will find every accommodation, & place where all the coinlorttt of a home cau he obtained. TIIOS. K ROUSE, Proi Uonohilu, II. I. 15f Selling Off! Selling Off! CHEAP FOK CASH ! On account of CLOSING OUT my Business '. MRS. GOOD, Fashionable Milliner Fort Street, : Honolulu, Has Received per Steamer Umatilla, 50 Dozen Latest Style Straw Hats and Bonnets LADIES' SAILOR HATS Black and White Straw. tips, j?:ltj:ii:s Also, a large variety of FLO AVERS AND FEATHERS: A LOT OF CHEAP RIBBONS. Latest Novelties in Gauzes and TRIMMINGS, l. Personally selected by me for Honolulu and the other islands. S'l lni LOVE'S 15AKEK Y. Xo- 73 N'utiatii Street. MKS. Hour. LOVE, - . - Proprietress. Every Description of Plain and Fancyi Bread and Crackers, F P. E 8 11 Soda Crackers A N I) Saloon Bread Alvnis on llnul. MILK IKElD -A SPECIALTY. ImIhikI Orders I'romptly At liiill lo 172-:hn WING W0 CHAN & CO. NUUANU STREET, Have Just Received by Late Arrivals A lary:e and well assorted Stock of IV0KY WAKE, Conijuisin'j; Card Boxes, Paper ("utters and .Jewelry Boxes. Also a Complete Stock of Dross Silks and Oivpes All eo'or.-J and patterns. A New Lot of Elegant PORCELAIN and I RONZE VASES. Al.-o, all varieties and qualities of .ilk Hand kerchiefs. Silk X Cotton I ntliiiiLT Kobe pS?"Tii:s Slock is well uojlli an hi sp-'eti.n. the Goods having just Ixen re- ce'.vod ;.ij Slmr. I inaiilla. loa-lv r 1 TI2T Xj 13 TO I i XT ! Iron and Locomotive Works, Corner of Beal and Howard Streets, San Friu'Uco California W U. TAYT.OU. PriBiiient j .Superintendent i K. S. MOOKE.. . Ml'k-i . M c;i in Mafiiiiiri'V In all its Iitt lichee. j i Steal litis '..o-:, S u aiuship. Land Kulnes tt iioiltrs j 1 r ssure or Coiui.ound- ' , ' STKA.M VKSSKLS of all kinds b:ilt conjjdete, j I wiih hulls ot wood, iron or composite. ' ' ! OKMNKY ENGINES cojiipounded when ad visable. . ! STK-M LACNCHES, Barges and Steam Tugs con- siri.ciea wiin reiereuce totl:e tradx in which they are to Ire e:u:,k.y d. Sj.eed, tonnage and drait of water guaranteed. STGAK MILLS and Snjjar Making Marhicery un.de ro'te- tee most approved plaus. Also, all T'.iil I -. i V'.. 1 ............... ... j WATE1'. riTE, of Boiler oi fihet Iron of at, size, m.wde i ?i suitaM le nths for con neetiuc together, or Sheets rolled, punched and packed for Bhipnient, ready to be riveted on the grouDd. nyr.i'.AULlC HlVKTI.Na, Boiler Work and Water i l'ilz inv:le by this establishment, rivettnl hv ' 5'"" machinery, that ctialltyof ! w ji i. : iiit. i.,r sui. t rior to Lund work SHIP W'HIK. Ship and st- am Oa,Htans, SteaiD icl.. Air ud Circulitin- hiap, made after the luost api roved ilans. SOl.K .lgpnls.m.1 ru.mnfaeturere for the I'ai, ' Cast ot the Heine Safety Holler. I 1 V'nri,irrCt Ac,iu I'umpsfor Irritation or i -. , "'rrfe, OUlit with the c.-1-h rated .ac .uoiioa, superior to any other .in.iv mv. p u-.nu . .. Honolulu HE 1IANDFACT0RERS' S6 and SS 50, ooo ! WOBTII OF BOOTS -:- At Wliolt-al Canvas, Sporting SPORTING HOOTS AND SHOES OF KYKIiY DESCRIPTION, SUCH AS FOR YACHTING, BICYCLE, MOUNTAIN CLIMBING, SEASIDE, FOOTBALL, BASEBALL, RIDING In fact, a complete complete assortment of Footwear for all outdoor and athletic purposes be found at this store and at the LOWEST POPULAR PRICES! can All kinds of reliable foot covering than same grade of Goods can he bought Orders- by mail from the other Islands D. IB. SMITH, .A sent, 113 1270-ly "G. N. WILCOX." Having JUST RECEIVED ex above vessel a Consign ment of a. u. ixjrr co.'s "E CHAMPAGNE ! We otter the same for sa0 at 30.00 iu-r Case, ca. 1 doz. qts.; 32.00 er Case, ca. 2 doz. pfs. W. C, PEACOCK & Co., MERCHANT STREET. !M t ?.'!( STEAM USEES, ATTENTION ! Q CD Q rf W CD ?. ?c c t r. 0 7u as n 10 (I) I I - CD Tfl 1. S 2L r- J-- I I 5 C5 There are no Seams KTTUKRE ARE NO LOOSE expansion and contractions of the plate, the bottom E EN surface which can be easily cl.- i The following sixva GO inches .linrrWo- i.,. 1t! , ... 4S inches diameter by r, feet Ien-th, -o- MSDUN io ZXT- Eor particulars, apply to CO. Hotel Street. 50,000! WORTH OF SHOE AM)- and TotaiL and Vacation Shoes for man, woman or child for less money lor elsewhere. will receive prompt and careful attention. o - Cm in tlie fire to leak T'IV1:TS causp.1 by the continual presenting a SMOOTH, - ied. It roiiNtantly in stock: o4 inches diameter by 10 feet iength 4-' inrl.es diameter by 14 feet length. LOCOMOTIVE W0KKS, SAN 1'HANCISCO, C A L. SHOE ' '-;WSvi:V '1 ' yf0K l $ A- --i.vMt.'. 1 I'-" - :;. pv''':-::.a4f': V , !:: t J:v o"i ' y .A 4 'Ij -l 'S. Uoom No. 3, uvsiair?, preckeU'ljJock. 1271 HI 2ui Honolulu, nawu. lml 'j