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D w t -.. - y- - . -t v- if if OAtVIT'V'fr PRICE 5 CENTS. VOL. IX. NO. 135 HONOLULU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 189. THE DAILY business Cards. justness Cards. THE FROBLEM OF LIFE. 1 i a 11 I t.f 14 11 Irl H If i ill H ill V 111 if M II Pacific Commercial Advertiser -13 PUBLISHED Kvcry Morning Except Sunday: At No. 40 Merchant St. MUBSCKIITIONS : 1ailt P. C. Advkhtiseb, one yer ?G 00 six nioutli J iH) per mouth Go W tiUT Hawaiian Oazetxk, one year 5 00 .k forei$u (In eluding postage) 6 c0 litynblo InvitriaMy In Ailvume. HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO., 4t Mercba t st., t'ostofflce Box O. Honolulu. II. I. aSusinwis (Sauls. ' LEWEIIS & COOKE, (Successors to LewerB & Dlcksou) nirf ir ami Ieler In Lumber Ami all Kinds of Building Materials. I UiM' .STUKKT. Honolulu.. 13 JOHN T. WATERH0USE, importer r.ud Dealer in uliNiiRA.Ii L1BHC1IANDISE. No. a."-;U 'jneeu Street, Honolulu, ltf H. HACKFELD & CO., General Commission Agents Gov. tort (ueea S's., Honolulu, ltf BEAVElI saloon, ort Street, Opposite Wiltlcr V t'o.'s, U. J NOLTE, PKOPUIETOIt. I'.rst cUa Lunches Served with Tea, Coffee, Soda Water, (linger Ale or Milk. Opeu ifosn S a. iu. till 10 I. faniiiKers Kequlsiteg a Specialty. lt GERMAN I A MARKET. UEO. M. IIWVV. - PROPRIETOR. lrt ft reel, Ilonolul.. BHEF, MUTTON AND VEAL. r lt NuS. fork, Ktc, iMiHtantly on htvud. Shipping served on short HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., yteam lingines, I ol'.ers, Su;nr NIIIm, Coolers., Ilrsp antl I.oil tf Iukts, . . . r description made to ordr PaVtTcufar attention paid thips' black smithing Job work executed on the .hottest eiiiittuntf notice. THE ROYAL SALOON, lor. Miiiniiii ! yitrcUnnt Street Under the Management of E. H. F1. Woltor, K,.p always in stock a variety of ihehest Wines. Liquors? Beers, and Ice cold beers on draught at i cents per lasa. fCnlJ !il See 1 x.Tfl ltf UAIUtY'S LUNCH K003IS, IIOTKL STKKKT. Meals ataU jEEovirs. Keens the Best Co n ee, Tea and Choco late to he had in the City. Mush ami Milk every morning. A Change of Dinner Every Day! Walker & Redward, V I -is Contractors & Builders lJrlck, Stone and Wooden Building Estimates Given. jhl,i..K rrwmptly Atteu.lea lo. 7G KING STREET. v o P. O. Box 423. Hell leiepuut' .. 11 tf Hawaiian Fertilizing Co. Manufacturers of and Dealers in Cane Fertilizei-s BONE MKALS ma.le to order; STABLE MANURE, rotted and mixed, V0N HAND AND FOR SALE In quantities to suit. A. F. COOKE, Manager. Factory, Honolulu, H. I. 10i-Zm ; AVhat 1m Worth Advertising : Is Worth Advertising Well. : Therefore, Advertise in the DAILY AIJVEKTISKi:. : Tlie Liverpool and Lon don and Globe iisrsuKA.NrcE co ESTABLISHED 1B36. Assets 40,000,000 Net lncwme O.OTSI.OOO Claims i'aid 1 1 a.SoU.OOO Takes Risks against Loss or Damage hy Fire on Buildings, Machinery, Sut;ar Mills, Dwellings and Furniture, on the most favorable terms. 33ish.op & Co. 1168-Cm l-6m FILTER TRESSES. f A AIT HAC I'LANTATIOy, Hawaii, March , 1838. Ilisdon Iron aud Locomotive Works, San Fran cisco. Geutle-.ueu We have used two of your 30 ch;imherel l'ilter l'ressrs this season. They are convenient, easily handled and are working entirely to our satisfaction. 1 can recouiuieuti no improvement on them. Very respectfully yours. (signed) A. Moobe, Manager l'aauhau l'lautatiou These Presses are made extra heavy for hitfh pressures, oi'CUplfM a llo:r 1 4. ace of 1 I x ft., aud presents a tiltei iiij; sui -fa.ee of '-i4t) siiuare feet. A limttvd number iu stock in Honolulu and are sold at very low prices. IIIhiIoii Iron & Loco. Works, Sin Francisco. For particulars enquire of JOHN DVKU Honolulu Boom N. 3 Spreckels' Block: 82 1214 XV. i. I It WIN & Co., Agents. SUN FIRJ5 OFFICE, OF LONDON. Etablislied 1710. Insurance effected upon every description of property at current rates of premium. Total Sum Insxired In 1885 . . . ..327,333,700 Claims arranged bv the Local Agents, and paid with promptitude aud liberality. The jurisdic tion of the Local Tribunals recognized. G. W. Macfarlane & Co. Agents for Hawaiian Islands. 0. BREWER & COMPANY, (Limited). GENERAL MERCANTILE COMMISSION AGENTS. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jones. Jr President and Manager J O Carter Treasurer and Secretary Hon. W. F. Allen Auditor DIKECTORS; Hon. C. R. Bishop. Hon. H. Waterhouse Planters' Monthly For May, !!. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Notes With Our Readers Double Crushing at Pahala" Cane Seedlings once more Causes of the Rise in the Trice of Sugar Sugar Manufacture in Hawaii Mangoes and their Improvement Tobacco Culture The Olive, Varieties of Solar Natural Gas Keport of Professor L. M. Norton on Solar Natural Gas Speech of Baron de Worms on the European Bounty System Future of Sugar Industry in the Ar gentine Republic The Queensland Sugar Industry Russia Beet Sugar Industry. TERMS Vo-irU-subscription $ - 50 Foreign " J 00 liV-'HIM V. . V. . - v ------ Back Volumes bound to order. Address : GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO., 4G Merchant St., Honolulu. in.mantiuestosui,. -TZZrr, fairer. rv Australian Hail Service FOR SAN FRANCISCO. The new and fine Al steel steamship Of th Oceanic Steamship Company, will be due at Honalulu from Sydney and Auckland on or about June 29, 1889, And wlJ J leave for the abuve port with mails and poaseugers on or about that date. For Height or passage, having SUPEBIOR ACCOMMODATIONS. apply to Win. (j. Irwin & Co., AHENTS. For Sydney and Auckland. The new aud tine Al steel steamship "MAEIPOSA" Of te Oceanic Steamship Company, will be dur at lIouoMHi: : ro:n Sar. Fratu-iaco in or anoiH June 8, 1889. .ud will have pro:n:. di3j:it n with mails an a.-tsuers for the above iorts. For f i-eihc or passage, uaviutr SCi'KRIOXt At; COMM'JDATlONS, apply to Wm. (x. Irwin & Co., Claua preekfln Wm. O. Irwin. CLAUS SPKECKELS & CO. BANKERS. HONOLULU HAWAIIAN ISLANL' Draw Excbwgo 011 the prit?elj;:i) j'urty n tfci world. Will receive deposits on open eccoiint, make C Elections and conduct a general banking: an:i e.rchange buvineas. Deposits lieartne; Interest received In their Sav IuS3 Depart.ieut subject to published rules uu' reKUlatloaa. 17oc'Uf NTERPRIS m PLANING MILL, ALAKEA, NEAR QUEEN STREET. 174 Telephone 55. REMOVAL ! THE CRYSTAL SODA WORKS Have moved their Factory to Colburn's Tire -proof Building, KING STREET, Near Maunakea Street. 103-1 m TIIEO. P. SEVERE? Photographer, Has taken the Studio formerly occupied by A. A. Moutano, corner of KING and FOKT STS., and is prepared to take JPictnres in any Stvle 3T Piinting done for Amateurs. Cabinets $6 a doz. Work guaranteed. Eatrinee on Fjrt Street. 173-tf PIONEER Steam Ca 01T AND BAKEEY Practical Confectioner, Tastry Cook and Eater Rich and Delicious Ice Cream made by Steam. 71 Hotel Street. YOU WANT ALL HIE NEWS I rvi 31 iidv Fac V or TUB THROUGH STEAMERS OP THE OCEANIC S. S. COMPANY. Due at Honolulu from San Francisco, on or about. Alameda May 11 Mariposa Jane 8 Zealandia July 6 A'.acaeda Angnst 3 Mariposa August 31 Zealandia September 28 Alameda October 26 Mariposa November 23 Zealandia. December 21 Leave Honolulu for San Francisco, on or about. Zealandia Jnue 1 Alameda June 2U Mariposa Jaly 27 Zealandia August 24 Alameda September 21 Mariposa October 19 Zealandia November 16 Alameda December 14 TIME TABLE OF INTERMEDIATE STEAMERS Umatilla and Australia Leave San Francisco for Honolulu at 13 o'clock noon, on Friday May 24 Friday June 21 Friday July 19 Friday August 16 Friday September 13 Friday 11 Leave Honolulu for San Francisco at 13 o'clock noon, on Friday My 10 Friday J ,ae7 Friday Jaly 5 Friday . August 2 Friday.. August 30 Friday September 27 Fridav October 25 rsu 111 J.. H..JTL, me nmm loiiiiiij Devoted to the Encouragement of AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE STOCK RAISING and INDUS TRIAL PURSUITS GENERALLY, And more especially to the develop ment and perfection of Cultivation of Cane and the MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR. This popular journal has entered on it eighth volume, and having been Enlarged to 43 Pages Monthly, makes a yearly volume of nearly 000 pages, devoted to the agricul tural and commercial prosperity of the Hawaiian Islands. The attention of the business men of Honolulu and of all persons engaged in industrial pursuits is called to this per- iodical as a medium for Advertising & Information Which can be obtained in no other pub lication, here or abroad. jr.sSfThe price of subscription is very IoV TWO DOI.LAKS AND A HALF (2.00) per annum, or $3.00 w hen mailed abroad. A few copies of bound volumes of the years ISSo end 1SS7 can be obtained: $3.o0 each. 3r-Back Volumes of the Planteks' Monthly bound to order. Address : II. M. WHITNEY, Editor Planters' Monthly, 4G Merchant St.. 16 1254-3n Honolulu, II. I. ' Hotel Street. xeiop s. x. castle. j. b athektos. o. p. castle. W. A. BOIVEX. EDW. V. TENNEV. CASTLE & COOKE, Shipping and Commission Merchants, -IMFOUTERS AND Greiieial jSIerclaaiidise. ALSO, AGEXTS FOR Grove Ranch Plantation, R. Halstead's Plantation. A. II. Smith & Co., Koloa. Kauai, O. F. Blake's Steam Pumps. Union Fire and Marine Insurance Co., of San Francisco. Etn Fire Insurance Co, of Hartford. The New England Mutual Life Insurance Co., of Boston. D. Weston's Patent Centrifugal Machines. The New York aud Honolulu Packet Line The Merchauts' Line, Honolulu and San Francisco. Dr. Jayne & Sous Celebrited Medicines. Wilcox & Gibks, Remington and Wheeler & Wilson SIHAVTlNrG MACHINES. tf B. E. E1ILERS & CO.'s . Grrancl Opening of European & American Dry elxicX IrTan cy Gf oocls ggj" N. B. On and after May our Dressmaking Rooms. "W YETH'S LIQUID MALT EXTRACT Contains all the nutritive virtues of the best Malt Liquors while it is FREE from all stimulating effects. isroT The following analvsis the proportion of alcohol in the Malt Extract as Com pared with Malt Liquors: m,i.i ' Extractive -v. Alcohol, j Matter. ater. English small beer 3-2 2.4 91.4 Lager beer (Brooklyn) 2.8 2.8 94.4 Malt extract (Wyetlfs) 2.54 15.0 82.40 The Manufacturers, Messrs. Jno. Vyetu & Bro., Phil., have appointed BENSON, S31ITH & COMPANY, 1.3m m m SOLE AGENTS TOR THE IIAWN ISLANDS JOHN NOTT, Stores, Hanges and I Plumbing. Tin, Copper DEALERS IX- J Kobala Sugar Co., Haiku Sugar Co.. Paia Plantation, Papaikou Sugar Co. loth, MISS CLARK will have charge of 1-tf Pacific Hardware Co., I'd Honolulu, B,wcr?.li8,Ml HCES ! New Stvles ol Plows, Invoice!) JiiKt at Ilnnd. H1I, LINES OK Agieultnra1 Inp'iiils. NEW :-: GOODS! Ex Jno. 1). Brewer, Umatilla, Y. II. Dimond, Alex. McNeill and G. N. Wilcox. "13rCorrespondence will receive prompt and careful attention. 12G1 57-v BEVERAGE. fionselieeping Goods, and Sheet Iron Work C7 4 I valk through the streets, I look np at the sky, I know no more than a babe at the breast; I tremble and thrill with a vane unreal "o get at the lieart of life's mystery. Yliat dtx3 it avail that my thor-Kfits po out Through the trackless wastes of a star gein'd space If they bring nothing back to my dwell ing place But figments of error and figments of doubt? How do I know that the vanished and dead Have builded them homes on that calm azure sea What is the faith of another to mof Yet how can I live if I live but by bread? Oh! not for mj self these hopes and these fearn, I tUiiK of the lives that went out long ago; I think of the graves that are under the snow, And recompense seek for the value of tears." The lips that have kissed, and the heart that have bled For other torn hearts. And they who made rhymes, And all the great souls that ever rung chimes Through the loves of the race they have lied. Are they deadf This bodj' so Intricate! How do we know That the fair human flower matured by the earth Impretmate by love may not yield the birtb Of a soul through the pangs of its Infinite woe' Woman's World. Typesetting in Japan. It-inters' C'ireii'ar. The advantages of alphabetic writing are nowhere moro conspicuously shown than in a large printing-oilico. Tho compositor stands within easy reach of every character ho may have need of. and a boy can learn the position of each in the case in a few hours. It is quite auother matter where each word has a distinct character, as in China and Japan. A correspondent, describing the otlice of a Japanese paper, says that a iull font of Japanese type comprises 7,000 characters, of which 6,00 ) aro in constant use, and for 2,000 more there are Ire ruent calls. The type is. distributed about tha composing-room on racks, like those in a reading-room, and the compositors vander up and down the aisles, setting type and taking exercise at once. With so many characters it is no wonder that Japanese proof-readers have lo be men of intelligence and high scholarship. The impossibility of telegraphing single character words has kept this great in strument of civilization in foreign lands, and made it practically useless for the natives of China and Japan. To these the telephone is an e.'", which they are not'ow o appreciated ; A IT o i Ingenious Kot.Uat, Bismarc. (I). T.) iribunej Three Philadelphia belles attracted nsid2rable attention on an east-bound passenger train. They had been to t alifornia, had visited the National park, and were en route home. While in the park tho young ladies manu faotured dresse of i-'aves and mosses, which they gathered from the glens ani brooks along the route. The dresses were most artistically made, and wer as beautiful as novel. Tho plan of con struction was the same as that used in tho construction of paper dresses. Th ground work, or foundation, was cloth, and the leaves and mosses were artisti cally sewed upon tho same. Tho leaves were the most beautiful ornameua, e'. ery tint of the autumn forests being represented. The dresses were made under an agreement between the young ladies that the novel costumes should be worn it the first ball given at their home in the Keystone state. But the dresses r.rero too beautiful to remain in their minks. The temptation to appear in them and create a sensation was too great to be resisted, and the other morning they donned them, and took particular pains to appear on the plat form at every station in order that their genius and art might be appreciated. The tone" a- a Weight. Y u hs Companio i J The "stono," as a weight, is an ex ample of approximate uncertainty. We know that this was in use until witlrn t,he present century. It was nothing more than a cobble-stoue such as may be picked up on the snore of the sea, and was used as a weight in one scale pan to balance the article to be weighed. Such cobble-stones were common in the shops, and often they had rings let in with their weight marked on them. There was a different standard for dif ferent articles. At a butcher' stall a Rtone was fourteen pounds. This is th only meaning which this weight hs ept to our day. Scarcity ' C i tfvute! Mn. v York Cor. ond jti Tiiae.J It is di iicult. if not impossible, to iet statistics in su.'u matters, but it is not too much to say that in "o country where education is genrr;-l is there nearly so small a proportion of scholars and thinkers of the whole nuruler who tuttani what may be broadly called uni erity advantages. The lawyer, doc tor, or divine who continues his culture after he embarks in a professional career or opens a Creek or Latin book, ij a rara avis, and iu American politics es pecially is a really cultivated man dif ficult to light upon. It is with ton upon ton of canned raT bit that Nevada hopes to regain a losl foriune. wood vvf Uie slowest jrTOYyth.. K V. CUUIVEi, o . 1 j nuLvdLlLADVKBTiata.