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DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, iMLii-
. ......... i TARGET PRACTICE. MOW YHE SOLDIER IS DRILLED SN AIMING AND POINTING. Facta Concerning "Sight Estimating' 3IIsse Sure to Be Made In Pulling Off the riece Gallery Firing Vari ous Other Difficulties. 2Cn) 2ttJnf.rtisemr.nia fCor. ft. Iouis Globf-Democratl Tbo target season in tlie United States nruay exte- rs throughout the year, win ter and summer alike, during which time the soldier is eternally drilled in aiming and pointing, in estimating distances by pacing and ty sight, in gallery practice indoors at reduced targets and reduced ranges, and in the field before the butts at uli distances. The regular target season begins about May 1, and ends about Oct til, when the new target year actually be gins. Suppose we commence with the re cruit on .Nov. 1 and carry him through the regular course of training necessary to make a good shooting machine of him, which ends Oct Hi of the succeeding year. It constantly happens that men detached from the main body of the army are called upon to determine for themselves theit distance from -an ob'ect to be tired at hx perience abundantly proves that soldiers, by continued practice, may learn to esti mate distances up to G;U aid bOO yarda with considerably accuracy by simple, rapid obser- ation. Every soldier is sup posed to have good eyesight; he, there fore, after a little practice in sight-esti mating, learns the following facts: At oO yards the white of man's eyes is. 'Vainly seen, and the eyes themselves up Jo yards. At 10') yards all parts of fho body are even distinctly, slight movements aro per ceptible, and the minute details of the un iform can be distinguished. At 150 yards the brass buttons on the Mouse cim still be separately distin guished, At 200 yards the outlines of the face confused, and the rows of brass but jS look like yellow stripes. t 00 yards the buttons are no longer jTa-t 400 yards the face is a mere dot, but jul movements of the legs and arms ca still d'stinct. A 600 yards details can no longer be distinguished, though the tiles of a squad, if the light be strong, can be counted. At SOO yards the men m a squad can not always be counted, nor their individ ual movements distinguished. At 1,000 yards a line of men simply re jemble a broad belt; the direction of their march cau, however, be readily deter mined. At 1,200 yards infantry can be distin .ruished from cavalry. At 'J, 000 yards a mounted man loki . ike a mere speck or dot These estimating drills are at first con ducted on smooth, level country, and ifterward on rough ground. The above drills are supplemented a little later in the season by skirmisli prac tice, when the soldiers are advanced or returned on a run before a line of targets the size cf men lying down, kneeling, aud standing, when they load and fire at the sound of a bugle, depending entirely upon their own udgment as to what distance they happen to l e from the objects tired at It teaches them to be quick and ob serving, and, above all, to depend en tirely upon themselves for the manpula iiou'of t.iiir sights and the handling of their plecis. The estimating distance diii s are usually kept up for two mouths, when the soldier is practiced indoors at aiming, pointing, and pulling the trigger. i f all mises made by anybod when 3ring at an ob ect, charge better than 50 per cent of them to detective pulling of the trigger. . early every ri. eman in the wi rid. be he a greenhorn or an expert, de ranges hisa ni to a more or less when lie pulls oil the piece. t irst class riilemen will, as a general ru'e. l a ly den any such imputation Against their Miperi r marksmansuip, and will claim that thev have long ago mastered the defectho pulling of the trigger, but the real expert who is a grade above the first class ruicmau) knows better than this, and that as a matter of fact not one rii eman in a thousand pulls o.f his piece per.ectly. Now, if our best shots can not always thoroughly overcome this ceo drawback to fine shooting after years of Laid practice, how difficult it must bo for the ordinary soldier in the ranks to fnaster itl Hence it is that pointing and aiming drills are continuously prac ticed in the army, so as to give the soldier. whntiit-r standing. Kneennur. or lvino- down, a perfect command of his ritle. as well as to teach him steadiness of both person and ritle, and to establish between the hand and the eye such a prompt and intimate connection a3 will insure the finger acting upon the trigger at the Droper moment without causing any de rangement in the aim. The next step is gallery practice, which It conducted indoors at a reduced target and with reduced charges. Iron target frames are issued by the ordnance de partment on which are painted targets reduced to any size desired. The eight inch bull's eye of the field target at 200 yards is reduced to one inch for twenty live yards, the other sections of the target in proportion. The service ritle is used with a round ball the caliber of the gun. and a charge of powder usually not less than three grains nor more than seven grains. There is no recoil from such a light cartridge, and the soldier therefore quickly overcomes his tendency to flinch. Kow if he had been marched direct to the range aud given his ritle with the fu 1 cartridge, and told to shoot a score at the regular target the chances are nine out of ten that he would have tightly closed both eyes when pulling the trigger and trusted to luck for hits. But the gallery practice for the soldier raves the way to field firing, just as the primer enables the schooboy to progress successively to the higher studies Excellent results are attained at the miniature targets, and many full scores are often made. Gallery firing ia continued Jmtil the regular practice begins on the range, when the soldier is regularly advanced from one range to another by a system of classification according to the tnerit of his scores, and scon learns to overcome, as far as possible, all the diffi culties of light, shadow, wind, moisture, etc,, under the competent instruction of the range orlicer. - Ic.iaiir Forest. - llieyfcjavifc- Letter. Some of you, perhaps, have he&rd cf ibe ot.e tree in Iceland; a dwarfed thing J'At the people wrap in clothes ca?h winter td protect from the severity of the frosts. I had otten been told and had read of thia wonder, and naturally was anxious to see It, but to day in this town I came upon three as large and handsome mountain hsh or roan trees a's I remember ever of seeing. Standing about twenty feet in height they spread their branches over a lary area, and arc, to all appearances, ceallhy, tiourishiug trees, of which tha people take no more care than w? la oui waria'Jt climates do of ours, degree nunaio juames. Ameiion tour, has incurred the . wrath of Kri:n-ji;:uv by reerriu ti;nt t.u uor-li$t biruek by the o. b--cT-.ce cf feai.iU L&&uty atno.i? hi Buffalo RyiK.-iico--, and that tue ... .v of lU' g.rN o.' thatc.ty wert of a ort - ''(.. w otcli-mixol-with-lridiaa VP" ! HAWAIIAN BUSINESS AGENCY, Corner of Fort and Merchant Streets, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. . GEjSTER AL jGtETSTTS, expeet CCOTTN TANTS .AJSTD COLLECTOES, REAL ESTATE, FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE AGENTS, CUSTOM HOUSE, LOAN AND EXCHANGE BROKERS. O Departments of Business : Books and Accounts accurately kept and properly adjusted. Collections will receive special attention and returns promptly made. Conveyancing a Specialty. Records searched and correct Abstracts of Titles furnished Legal Documents and Papeks of every description carefully drawn and handsomely engrossed. Copying and Translating in all languages in general use in this Kingdom. JLkal Estate bought and sold. Taxes paid and Property safely insured. Houses, Cottages, Rooms, Offices and Land leased and rented, and rents collected. Fire and Life Insuranck effected in first-class Insurance Companies. Custom House Business transacted with accuracy and dispatch. Loans Negotiated at Favorable Rates. Advertisements and Subscriptions solicited for Publishers. Skilled and Unskilled Labor Furnished. Any Article Purchased or sold on commission. Inter-Island Orders will receive particular attention. ALL BUSINESS ENTRUSTED TO OUR CARE "WILL RECEIVE PROMPT AND FAITHFUL ATTENTION AT MODERATE CHARGES. Having had an extensive business experience for over twenty-five years in New York City and elsewhere, we feel competent to attend to all business of an intricate and complicated nature, or requiring tact and discretion, and respectfully ou;f HAWAIIAN TUTSTNTCSS AGENCY. milllil b b Ll liil AAA.. V Y AAA. -w ' - X2" Bell Telephone No. 274. 29 1256-tf "THE ARCADE," 75 and 77 FORT ) STREET. f EG AN & CO., 75 and 77 FORT STREET. Cheaper Than Ever ! GIIEAT INDUCEMENTS OFFERED TO THE PUBLIC. THE BLISrCE OF OUE SPLENDID STOCK Will be Sold During the Month of June AT 25 PER CENT. BELOW COST 5G 1261-3m EG AN & CO., 75 and 77 Fort St. PURE AND ' SPARKLING IS THE- (jinger Ale, Lemonade, Sarsaparilla, Cream Soda, Plain Soda, Mineral Waters, OF ALL KINDS, MANUFACTURED BY HOLLISTER & Go The Water used in preparing their Goods being purified by the ''HYATT PUEE WATER SYSTEM," In operation in the Hawaiian Islands in their Establishment only 78-tf . H. E. Mclntyre & JBro. .IMPORTERS AND DSALKRS IN Groceries, Provisions and Feed EAST COJXEJl FOIJT AND KINO STREETS. New Hoods rpcelved by every packet from the Extern Stoles and Eurs rp. t.i,t.. Pre dure by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any r.art t e city free of charee. IslaDd orders solicited. Satisfaction narantBed. Pnnm,.. Tt -v . 't. Telephone No. SJ! LWi r HAWAIIAN FOREIGN OFFICE LIST. M.R., Minister Resident; a d' A, (W dairs D. A Wojg m" Commissioner; G. wni ""rt v n "v7ce TConsni. U., Uonsai; a. u., acuuk . . COUNTBY. United States, Great Britain, 'PoBTUQAIi, Japan, Fbance, Namk. His Excellency Geo. W. Merrill, Major James H. Wodehonse, Senhor A. de Souza Canavarro, Mr. Taro Ando, Toitchi Takasngi, S. Ban, F. Tanno, S.Hayakawa, M. ii. ii. xiosse run i u .tiK0f M. L6on Bellagnet, Rank. Date of Exequa- tub ob Commission. Com., C G. Com., o. D. A., C G. Attaches. Com. C. Chan. Jane 12, 1885. Jnne21, 1866. C Sept. 5, lb82. Jan. 12, 1883. Feb. 25, 1886. March 16, 1888. April 4, 1888. Aug. 24, 1888. Dec. 28, 1888. Jan. 16, 1889. March 10, 1888. . V GEO. w7 LTKnQj ' i THE WELL-KNOWN BUILDER, IS STILL IY t ' tractor, and is now better prepared to do FlLn appertaining to contracting or any other class of 5 ' an(i all v ''r' List of Foreign Consuls Resident in the Hawaiian Kingdom. Countbt. United States, Kahulai, Mam, Mahakona, H., Hilo, Hawaii, Italx, Pebu, Netheblands, Austbo-Hungabt, China, Sweden & Nobwax, Mexico, Denmabk, Belgium, Gebman Empibe, Spain, Russia, Gbeat Britain, Name. J. H. Putnam, F. P. Hastings, A. W. Richardson, A. F. Hopke, C. L. Wight, C Furneaux, F. A. Schaefer, A. J. Cartwright, J. H. Paty, H. F. Glade, C Alee, Goo Kim, H. W. Schmidt, R. W. Laine, H. R. Macfarlane, J. F. Hack f eld, H. F. Glade, R. W. Laine, J. F. Hackfeld, T. R. Walker, Rank. C. G. V. & Dep. C. G. Con. Clerk, Con. Agent, Con. Agent, Con. Aeent, C. (Dean of the Con. Corps.) C. C. c. Com. Agent, Asst. C. A. C. C. C. C. C. V. C. Actg. V. C. V. C. Date op Exequattjb. C. July 10, 1885. Oct. 23, 1885. April 26, 1886. Oct. 18, 1886. Aug. 20, 1880. Oct. 23, 1882. Sept. 22, 1888. May 30, 1869. Au2. 20. 1878. Nov. 26, 1880. Nov. 28, 1882. April 17, 1884. April 17, 1884. May 28, 1885. (Original Feb. 24, 1881.) Ke-app. Deo. 2. 1885. Jan. 22, 1886. March 14, 1887. Aug. 4, 1887. Feb. 17, 1880. Sept. 24, 1886. Oct. 17, 1888. expenses and still retain plenty of room to do anv 0V a ll.. u m,ij .3 ai. i i . . j ana ; ing 10 uie uuiiuiiig iraue uiai way ue entrusted to niT Vt the same at very low rates, to suit the extremely dull r' 1 &m e bearing in mind that what is worth doing at all i ' li111 and m.? doing at all inatS Thanking the pablic for t. U 65 YOUMAN'S CELEBRATED NEW TOEE STIFF .-y-.' - A. Diplomatic and Consular Representatives of Hawaii. Countbt. United States. Washington, D. C. New York, San Francisco, Boston, Portland, O., Port Townsend, Philadelphia, Mexico, Mexico, Manzanillo, Centbal & South Amebica. Valparaiso, Lima, Callao, Colon, Gaatemala, Monte Video, Assumption, Gbeat Bbitain fe Ikeland. London, Liverpool, Bristol, Hull, Newcastle on Tyue, Falmouth, Dover aud the Cinque Ports, Cardiff & Swan sea, Edinburgh and Leitb, Glasgow, Dunuee, Dublin, Qaeenstown, Cork, Belfast, Canada. Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto, Rookville, Ont., Hamilton, Ont., Kingstown, Ont., Rimouski, 4., St. John's, N. B. Halifax, N. S., Yarmouth, N. S., Victoria, B. C, Vancoaver, B. C, AUSTBAT.J si A. Sydney, N.S.W., Newcastle, " Melbourne, Vict Brisbane, Q., Hobart, Tas., Launceston, Tas. Auckland, N. Z., Dunediu, N. Z., Hongkong, Shanghae, GlBBALTAB, Fbance & Colo nies. Paris, Marseilles, Bordeaux, Rouen, Society Gboup. Papeete, Tahiti, Gebman x &, Colo nies, Berlin, Hamburg, Bremen, Frankfort-on-Maine, Dresden, Karlsruhe, Spain & Colonies. Madrid, Barcelona, Cadiz, Valencia, Malaga, Cartagena, Canary Islands. Las Palmas, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Pobtugal & Colo nies. Lisbon, Oporto, Madeira, St. Michaels, St. Vincent, Italy. Rome, Genoa, Naples, Palermo, Netherlands. Amsterdam, Dordrecht, Belgium. Antwerp, Ghent, Liege, Bruges, Sweden & Nob-wat. Stockholm, Christiania, Lyskil, Gothemburg, Austbia. Vienna, Denmabk. Copenhagen, Japan. Tokio, Hiogo & Osaka, South Afbican Republic. Pretoria. Name. His Ex. Hon. H. A. P. Carter, E. H. Allen, D. A. McKinley, Lawrence Bond, John McCraken, James G. Swan, Col. W. J. De Gress, Anastatio Obregon, Robert James Barney, David Thomas, R. H. Beddy, aylvanus Crosby, Henry E. Cooke, Henry Tolke, Conrad Hughes, A. Marengo, Abraham Hoffnune, Sidney B. Francis Hoffnung, Manley Hopkins, Harold Janion, Mark Whitwell, W. Moran, E. Bieuterf eldt, W. S. Broad, F. W. Prescott, Hyam Goldberg, E. G. Buchanan, James Dunn, J. ii. Zoller, R. J. Murphy, G. B. Dawson, W. A. Ross, C. Elliot Anderson, Dickson Anderson, Col. Geo. A. Shaw, J. D. Buell, A. Brown, G. Richardson, J. N. Pouliot, Q. C, A. O. Crookshank, E. F. Clements, R. P. Rithet, Erne3t O. Smith, H. E. Stokes, Captain G. N. Oakley, A. B. Webster, Captain Hon. A. Coete, Geo. Collins, D. B. Cruiokshank, H. Driver, Hon. J. Bell Irving, J. J. Keswick, H. Schott, Alfred Houlfi, A. CouvS, E. de Boi8sac, C. Schaessler, J. T. Cognet E. F. Weber, J. F. Muller, J. Kopp, A. P. Russ, H. Muller, E. Minguez, G. Scham, V. Chust, F. T. De Navarra, J. Paris, L. Falcon y Ouevdo. J. B. De Laguna, b. Mattheu y Battaller, A. F. De Serpa, N. T. M. Ferro. J. HutcbisoD, 14. oeeman, C. Martins, J. Clinton Hooker, lv. De jjueni, L. Colombo, A. Tagliavia, J. D. van der Made, P. R. z. n., Victor Forge, E.. CoDDietei-R. Ij. Blanpain, E. Vanden Brande. H. A. Bnrcer. L. Samson, H. Bercstrom. G. Kraak, V. von Sohonberger, J. Holmblad, His Excellenov R. W. Train S. Endicott, D. H. Schmlill. Rank. En. Ex. and Min. Plen. C. G. C. G. for Pacific States & Terr. C. C. C. C. V. C. c. C. d'A. & C. G. C. d'A. & C. G. O. C. C. O. O. C. d'A. Sec. to Leg. (Actg. C. d'A.) O. C. C. C. C. O. O. C. C. C. " C. V. O. a O. C. G. for the Dominion, C. V. C. V. C. V. C. V. C. V. C. o. v. a c. C. G. for Austra lasia, etc. V. C. C. c. c. V. c. o. c. C. G. C. C. C. d'A. & C. G. K3. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. G. C. C. C. C. C. V. C. V. C. C.G. C. C. C. V. C. C. G. C. C. C. V.C. C. G. C. C. C. C.G. C. V. c. V. C. 0. C. G. Min. Res. C. C.G. Date of Commission. Feb. 9, 1883. July 21, 1875. June 29, 1885. Aug. 28, 1883. April 7, 1865. July 10, 1884. Sept. 21, 1883. March 14, 1887. March 14, 1887. Sept. 13, 1858. Aug. 22. 1871. July 24, 1871. Nov. 18, 1884. July 23, 1883. Aug. 13, 1886. Aug. 21, 1885. July 31, 1885. July 31, 1885. Feb. 15, 1887. (Ori2.Feb.7.185G.) Oct. 14, 185. July 10, H84. SeDt. 28. ?S78. Oct. 12, lto2. July 10, 1857. ilarch 14, 187. July 30, 1879. Oct. 18, 1873. Nov. 18, 1870. July 25, 1881. Oct. 12, 1882. Sept. 10, 1888. Feb. 26, 1886. Mav 14, 18S5. Aag. 23, 1883. March 12, 184. lrch 12, 1884. ilarch 12, 1884. March 12, lb84. April 28, 1887. vi arch 12, 1884. March 12, 1884. Jan. 14, 1879. Jan. li; 1885. Oct. 1, 1888. Feb. 7, 1873. July 10, 1884. July 12, 1878. June 3, 1887. July 9, 1878. Feb. 5, 1871. Sept. 21, 1886.1 Nov. 17, 1881. Oct. 5, 1882. May 21, 1388. March 1, 18G6. March 1, 1866. July 27, 1874. Aug. 12, 1886. March 25, 1876. July 8, 1887. Jan. 7, 1883. March 14, 1881. April 28, 1871. Nov. 19. 1888. July 21, 1887. July 14. 1886. March 14, 1887. March 14, 1837. Sept. 29, 1885. March 14, 1887. March 14, 1887. April 19, 1888. March 26. 1883. Oct. 25, 1878. Nov. 17. 1881. June 6, 1884. March 9, 1886. Aug. 21, 1867. July 14, 1886. March 14, 1887. Nov. 15. 1086. July 31, 1885. Auer. 27. 1880. Sept, 10, 1888. April 6, 1885. May 29, 18X9. Mav 31. 1886. July 16, 1879. fliarcn 14, 1887. Dec. 20, 1870. May 4, 1880. March 30. 1886. Nov. 20, 1882 m r satiric mmm. 0 I i o 123-lm NEW YORK HOTETEg lt,. 'miiii inn- .. T"t1 ALBEMARTiE TXQTKL. g-oldberg Agent for the Hawaiian EST WE LEAD! - EZT OTHERS FOLLOW! THE EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE Of the United States. Stands First among the Life Assurance Companies of the World it- essential particulars, viz : ' Outstanding Assurance New Business for 1SS8 Surplus, (4 per cent. Standard) Total Income Premium Income Increase in Assets in 18S8 Increase in Outstanding Assurance. 1 Increase in lotal Income Increase in Premium Income. Increase in Surplus Dividends Paid in 18SS Increase in Interest; Dividend and Rent Income, 1SSS Expenses to New Business Percentage of Assets to Liabilities 18SS. 1 :.) r.i.. 0- .t-:' ! . 3.22 jttK Vide New York State Lif Infturaiif? Rinrt for isss. in tilii, h -I Statements of all Life Companies. ALEX. J". CARTWRIGHT, 90-tf GENERAL AGENT HAWAIIAN m)l STEAM USEES, ATTEJilf S2 o tr H KJ f C rr, 6 t 2. 53 CD P O O 12! Q rr, t w S 5" H O P o 13 z: QQ T3 O 00 & 3- 2 5 ? Tlie Daily R C. Advertiser and Weekly Gazette Are the leading Newspapers ia tlx Ulngvloia. TO p 73 5! ? OH CD CD cf- w CD CD w o " CD 4 W p- W & CD CD r- 0! hit Ori45tij- It-. ' :(W,r'' '.u : :$:m-m$ '; . - :M.. ' Mii '.v,;:t . v i.ifed'li'i'?.;'' 'V'v ' .:i;.-;::i;.j!.:!;; ' fern. W 1 1 't!': i. ri, - ' A . P. - ';.j!b.;.ir - SS"i.':t . f t '' i .;.",-!.-:! I. ..:..! 1 I .... : :;' w 'pi- n' '".! m .... F Tliere are no Seams in tlie fire ' br expansion and contractions of the plate, the bottom VTes EVEN surface which can be easily cleaned. The following sizes kept consia"J 60 inches diameter by 16 feet length. 48 inches diameter by 16 feet length. 54 inches diamei 42 inches ..ut-t ... MSDuN IKON & LOCOMOTIVE For particulars, apply to 1271 114-2m JOHN SA SCO' 01 V 1 n&, JZi r i WOLFE & CO.. Hono IMPORTERS AND DEALERS GROCERIES and PBK i . New Goods Received by Law - ' ' " Caia. Ch I Buffalo Hams and Bacon. Smoked Herrin, M i ' and Fie J Prunes, Oat Meal, Cracked Wheat, Corn Meal, uei O- FRESH GRAPES picked every uf- " ' " , . picked right from the vine-?. jES."" - , ;-.f Sit 51 '