Newspaper Page Text
DAILY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 31. 1890.
OAIIU RAILWAY 4- LAND CO.'S TIMK TABLE. TO TAKE EFFECT OCT. 23, JSOO TRAINS A.M. A.M. P.M. P.M Leave Honolulu. ..0:15 K:45 1:45 4:3()t Arrive IIonouIiull.?:'jO 9:49 2:49 5:35t Leave HonouliuII.7:30 10:51 3:51 5:45t Arrive Honolulu. .8:35 11:55 4:55 C:50f t .Saturdays only. 53-tf Sundays excepted. THE ADVERTISER CALENDAR. October, 1890. 8u.!Mo.Tu. W.jTh. Fr. S. October 5 I T T T 7 hMt quarter. I Ui i i October 13 5(6 7 8 j 9 10 11 Now Moon. i2 77 j2L IL 21 ri"10""' 19 20 21 Ti 1 23 24 25 Otottcr 27 1 Full Mooa. 2G 27 23 2'J I 30 31 EVENTS OF TO-DAY. Legislative Assembly At 10 a. m. St. Andrew's Catiikikal Service at 7 p.m. Hand Convert At Hawaiian Hotel at 7:30 y. m. A ivTiox Sales Cement, pipe, soap, etc., by L. J. Levey ntnoon; effects Hono lulu Arion, J. F. Morgan, .'J p. m. Sailokh' Home Meeting of ladies at Y.M. C. A. at 0::v a. m. PORT OF HONOLULU. H. I. Ti!M, Nun and Moon. BT C. 1. LYONS. 0 B j) C3 0 K rjiv D-Bty'w o ) ft. E. n m od a. tu. p.m. p.m. a.m. Mou.... 27; 3.00 4.00 lf.OO V.'M 0.1 5.27 5.4.r I J rise rnn...!2n 4.no s. oo 10.00,11.00 6.1 n.ic, r,.2r, Wed.... 20 6-00 5.40 10.40.12.00 6.2 5.26; 7.07 p.m. Thur... :l 6.00 6.20 11.20 0.40 6.2 8.25 , 7.51 Frl .11 6.50 7. (Kl 12.00 l.:t 6.3 5.24' 8.42 Ht 1 7.40 7. 10 a.m. 2.30 0.3 5.2l! U.32 Hun.... 2 8.3o .:J, 0.4(); 3.4o 6.4 5.23 10.26 The whistle of the Honolulu Bteam 1'lanlng Mill Is blown dally hj electrlo alnal from the Survey olllce preclHelyat Honolulu mean noon. It ouuua again at 2H ml a. 33 sec. past 1 o'clock p. in. of Honolulu mean time, to correspond withl2h.Uiu.0s.au given by chrcnometers set for Greenwich mean time. Tlii last is especi ally for the benefit of mariuerr and Jewelers. Meteorological. lO; BAItOM. THKRMO. W P a E Day s s 3 2.B is 5 B an.jl'J';).(Rt,2J.gr Mon 20. 2'J. as .'"J.S7 69 65 83 0.Hi 63, 06 s 701 70 ! 6H 64! 3 NEW 2, N 2 N 5' M 7! E 2 N E 5 N R HIlO.OO Tues XI 2'J.IM:2'..H5 80. Ml Wed 2'J. 03 2'J. H 6H 65 72 81 82 8 0.IH) 0.04 Thur, 23 TJ i 2'J. 92 Frl. 24 :D.01 Uil.94 0.40 Sit. 30.02 29.01 73 lO.lHi SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. AUUIVALS. Thursday, Oct. 30. Schr Kaulilua from Kauai. VKSSKLS LEAVINU TO-OAV. Schr Rob't W Logan. for Ruk via Kusaie and Ponape. . Stmr C R Bishop, Le Claire, for circuit of Oahu at U a m. VESSKLH IN l'OICT. U S Flagship Charleston, Remey, from a cruise. IT S S Iroquois, Bishop, Samoa. HUMS Tsmkuba, Japan. II B M S Nymphe.Turner.from San ran cisco. II It M S Amphion, Esquimault, B.C. Bk Birker, London. BkC 1) Bryant, Jacobsen, San 1 rancisco. S G Wilder. Griffiths. San Francisco. Sch Robt V iAigan, Worth. llilo. Bknte W H JHmond. San t rancisco. VESSKLS JCXTKCTKM. Vessels. Where from. Bk Faust New York. . Schr Martha WTuft. Tort Madison. Bark Edward May . . Boston . . tier ship Henrietta.. Puget Sound. Bk Charlotte Liverpool U S S Mohican Auckland . . . Schr ltobt Lewers. Puget Sound.. Due. Ship Fifeshire ..Liverpool Bk Santiago S S Amigo Bk Vivax S S Australia R M S Alameda. It M S Zealundia ..New York . .China . ..New York ..San Francisco. .Nov 14 ..Colonies Nov 15 . .San Francisco .Nov -2 Bkt MarvWinkleman.San Francisco S S Farallon San 1 rancisco . . Ship J C Porter Departure Lay.. Bknte Planter San Francisco.. Brig Wm U Irwin.. .San Francisco.. Bknte S N Catle....San Francisco.. Bark W B Godfrey. .San Francisco. S S China San 1 rancisco. .Dec 25 suirriNt NOTK8. The schr Uob't W Logan did not sail yes terday .as expected, but will probably leave this forenoon. Admitted to the Hawaiian t5ar. Mr. Walter Frauds Frear was yes terday admitted to practice in all the courts of the Kingdom. The Su premo Court opened with Chief Jus tice Judd, Mr. Justice McCnlly, and Mr. Justico Bickerton on the bench. The Chief Justice, after announcing that an application for admission to practice and proper ceruutoim uo been tiled by Mr.Frear,admiDistered to him the oath of office. Mr. Frear graduated from Yale university with the degree of A.15. some live years ago,since which time he has pursued the study of law continuously, irst at the Hastings college of the law in San Francisco, afterwards with lion. A. S. Hartwell of this city, and more recently in the law department of Yale university, from which he grad uated last June with the degree of L.Jj.13., nuigna cum liude, at the same time taking the Jewell prize for the best examination at graduation. Mr. Frear is also a member of the Connecticut bar. During the past summer he has traveled in Europe. His offices are those lately occupied by the present Attorney-General over Bishop & Co.'s bank. His card appears elsewhere in this issue. The band will play at Thomas Square Saturday afternoon at 4:30 o'clock. CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourelv responsible for the sUU-iiinU made, or opinions expreed by our correspondents. The Chinese in India. From all that has been said au written on this subject since IS 32 no solution can be deduced of th e all important questions; first: Arc the Chinese likely to flood a coun try with an alien and non-assimilating element if their immigration be not restricted or forbidden? and, secondly: Is their presence good, or an evil to the community? or, to put the matter in a more concrete form, is a country likely to be " Mongolianized," and is the compe tition of Chinese labor likely to be injurious to the whito man? I do not presume to answer these ques tions in a short article like this, but they are questions of vital import ance to the Hawaiian Islands,which are in need of inhabitants as well as of laborers, and if the result of my personal observations in Java, Su matra and the Straits Settlements can throw any light on the subject, I gladly give them for what they are worth. In the East the China man has had for manv vears larire iields of action opened tohim,under widelv ditFerent conditions of exist- ence. From Vladivostock in Siberia to Java, Singapore and Peuang he wades through the mountain snow, tramps over the plains, penetrates into the densest jungles, and defies succcssfullv the deadlv miasrnaa and the more deadly wild beast or wild man. In Java, Sumatra, Borneo. Celebes. A nnam. the Settle- ments. each a world in itself, he controls the coasting trade and the retail business, he farms the reve nues, cultivates the soil, works tho mines, and from onrlv Hiinriso to long after sunset the sound of his hammer is heard, and he mav bo seen at work in his small, crowded shop, in long streets of carpenters, black-smiths, shoemakers or tailors. - - - In all these countries the natives. - - 7 though numerous, are unwilling or t m . .a ncapablo of sustained, organized abor. His native soil produces the rico and tho fruit he needs, without much exertion on his part: his women weave him the "Sarong" 11 t. .i inu iieauciotn mat constitute ins principal garments, and he looks with disdain on the toiling, ncrsnir- Ul ft. M. ng Chinaman, whose irresistible ncl'iiiation to work, work, work he i-annot understand, until ho finds that the despised invader has bo- come tho owner of his own or his neighbor's rice-fields. In tho ports of the Straits Qettlu- ments trado is wholly free, there a aro neither import nor export du- tics, nor arc tonnago uues lovica ior general purposes, except three cents per register ton, in support of lighthouses. Thus, under the pro tection of British free institutions, tho Chinaman prospers and multi plies; and though living according to nis naoits ana customs no adopts in the maioritvof cases the country as his. calls himself with pride an j'jiignsn citizen, ana in prooi oi tno sincerity of his adoption builds ' himself a family grave. An idea of their rate of increase and the consequent increase in tho volume of trade in the Straits. Set tlements ruay be gathered from the fact that, according to tho census of 1ST I , tho Chinese numbered 104,290; nativo Malays 147,924; natives of India 33,400; Europeans 15G0; with a value of united im ports and exports of 14,S21,300. In 1S81 tho figures stood thus : Chinese population, 174,327 ; native Malays, 174,440 ; natives of India. (:,914 ; Europeans (including Brit ish military and prisoners), 3,4S3, Value of united imports and ex ports, jC32,S 18.521. Thus, with free trade, under liberal laws, and placed on au equal footing with the nativo and tho European, the efl'ect of Chinese im migration in the Straits Settlements has been, on the whole, beneficial to tho country at large. From the Straits Settlements, where the Mongolian has it all his own way, and where he carries all before him, let us visit him in Java. Many a longing look, no doubt, does he cast on tho distant mouu tains of the interior of this rich and beautiful island, where seventeen millions of gentle, intelligent, in dustrious natives reside. But tho Dutch Government keeps a watch ful eye over it and them, and no wonder. With the fruits of the labor of these seveuteen millions of natives, it has, since 1833, extin guished a large national debt ; it lias entirely covered tno very con siderable annual expenses of the Colony, and, up to 18b'7, had sent to Holland a net profit of seventy-two millions sterling. The agricultural revenues of Java are collected, under tho most per fect regulations, by the native head man, under the supervision of Dutch officials ; but the other, not less im portant revenues, are farmed out to Chinese. These are : the revenues from the tin mines, Customs, a capitation tax on Chinese them selves, the sale of opium, licenses for pawn-shops, auction rooms, gambling houses and houses of ill fame, the manufacture of salt, the collection of edible birds' nests, etc.. etc. By this system, the Government saves an enormous amount of ex penditure and obtains sums from these several branches of revenue, that it would be impossible to ob tain, were its own officials to act as collectors. And so the Chinaman accumu. lates a fortune in Java just a speedily as in the English colonies ; but, though he may live in perfect freedom according to hi.- own no tions of comfort and happiness, he docs not, as in Singapore, adopt the country as his home ; he sends his money to China, intending to follow it as soon as he shall have enough, and, except in rare cases. he does not build himself a grave. His bearing, too, when rich, which in Singapore and Penang is quietly proud and somewhat arro gant, is in Java much more ' child like and bland " for he is made to feel that he is in the country on sufferance only. Tho system under which he is admitted is simplo and practical. The question for the Dutch Gov ernment to solve was, how to ob tain all the advantages of Chinese immigration with a minimum of its drawbacks, and they have succeed ed admirably. "o one is admitted whose name has not been first registered at the office of the "Cap tain of Chinese," who has under him a lieutenant. These officials aro responsible, to a certain extent, for the good conduct of all new comers. Tho captain or lieutenant, as the case may be, is always a man of wealth and of good character and reputation, and his title, to which no salary or emolument is at tached, gives him tho correspond ing social position of a lieutenant or captain in the army, lhis opens to him the salons of the guberna torial palaco on reception days, and consequently of those of the elite of society. On gala d.TVs our friend may be seen, dressed in his richest brocades, in his barouche, drawn by splendid horses, with magnificently attired coach and footmen. Has a crime been committed and a Chinaman is justly suspected of it, tho local captain " or " lieuten ant," who is perfectly " un fait " as regards tho different clans or secret societies in his district, soon ferrets him out. Is there a mob-rising or other serious disturbance of the peace in contemplation, he gives timely notice to the Government, and in nino cases out of ten, the ringleaders are " nabbed " and shipped out of the country, before he public hears anything of the in tended disturbance. Besides this careful watch kept on all his actions, the Chinaman's place of residence is confined to certain districts along the Coast. In these he may live as ho likes, without interference, but from tho interior generally and tho native villages in particular, ho is care fully excluded. Except in tho Chinese districts, he can on no pre text become the owner of real estate. But the son of " Cathay " adapts himself with wonderful pliability to all conditions, and in Java he has compensated himself for the want cf freedom of action in tho interior, by absorbing all tho traffic along the coast. Here ho is the absolute master; he has become the indis pensable middleman between the European merchant and the native consumer, and without him banks and mercantile firms would scarce ly have a raison d'etre. Tho Chinese population in Java was formerly much more numerous than now. In IbtO there were 200, 000 of them in Batavia alone, in 1SS2 thoro were not more than 100,000 in the whole islands. This goes to prove that in coun tries where tho white man is not dependent on him for agricultural labor, his activities in other direc tions may still bo very useful with out their overrunning the country. The conclusions to be drawn from what I have seen of the China man in tho early days of California (I went there in the beginning of 1S50) and what 1 have seen of him subsequently in the East, are to the effect that in countries where the whito man can live and work the Chinaman is not, in the long run, a formidable rival to him. The powers needed to sustain life on the minimum of food are not by any means the onlvones to be reckoned with in the strugglo for supremacy Chinese labor seems supplementarv to white labor. It has not.spcaking broadly, superseded it anywhere, and seems little likely to do so Several special commissions have sat in California for the purpose of receiving evidence on this question and the tendency of that evidence is to show that but for that labor California would be far from afford ing such an opening for white labor as it does to-day. The Chinese have opened two doors for white labor where they have, closed one. Thus the pros perity of California is in a large measure due to the railroads that have opened up the country and given it markets. "When their con struction began tho country was sparsely populated, and they could not have been built but- for the Chinese. The results of their labors are written on the surface of the country, and they are not results which can be taken away with them to China. It is hardly worth while to note some of the charges against China men. They are said, for instance, to be offensive and immoral. It is the most difficult and invidious thing in the world to set up a moral standard like this, as a rea son for exclusion. Moreover, it was strongly denied by some of the California witnesses before the committee. lne lauit oi non a.fsimilation lies, perhaps, quite as much with the one as with the other race. R. A. VAN MlDDELDYK. Honolulu, Oct. 2. 1890. Why Not? Mr. Editor: The suggestion made in the Legislature by one of the ' r nobles that the portrait of another noble bo printed in the Paradise of the Pacific, although it wus offered in jest, mignt be improved on, so us I a 1 to include all the members of the Legislature. And why not? Some such move should at once be made to immortalize the names of those connected with what will long be remembered as the "Long Parlia ment." The cost is a mere baga telle, and is already provided for by the liberal appropriation passed a few days ago to aid that periodi cal. Call for first-class photograph pictures, to be printed, two each month, for the next two years. Wouldn't this be the best adver tisement abroad that Hawaii cau ask for ? Accompanying each portrait there should be tho title and rank by w hich he was known in the hall, such as the Duke of Wailuku, or Waikapu, or Waianae, or Kukaiau, or the Duke of Lower California, with a brief biographical sketch of the most important events of tho session, in wnich he has taken a prominent part. Such an illustrated record would not only immortalize the names of the honorable mem bers, but bo au incentive to less fortunate members seeking to climb the hill of Hawaiian legislative fame. Photo. Sum itocrtiscments. ASSESSMENT ! Hawaiian Baseball Association. VOTIUE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT at a meeting of the Board of Directors held on October 21), 1890, an Assessment (No. 3) of live dollars ($5.00) per share was levied on the Capital Stock of the Corpor ation, payable immediately to the Secre tary. Any Stock upon which this Assessment shall remain unpaid on the 28th day of November, 100, will be delinquent, and advertised for sale at public auction, and unless payment is made before, will ba sold on the 12th day of December, 1S90, to pay the delinquent assessment, together with costs of advertising and expenses of sale. By order of the Board of Directors. J. 11. FISHER, Secretary. Office with Messrs. Bishop & Co., Hono lulu. 105-2w Dividend Notice. A DIVIDEND WILL BE PAID THE Stockholders of the Kohala Sugar Co. at the office of Castle & Cooke, this day, Oct. 30th. J. B. ATHERTON, Secret a ry. Honolulu, Oct. 29, 1800. 105-1- NOTICE I Purchasers of Lots at Pearl City will Please Take Notice. THE OAHU RAILWAY & LAND CO. have made arrangements to deliver lumber and all kinds of Building material at the Pearl City Station at the regular Honolulu prices. Those desiring to build at Pearl City up on land sold by the Company please call at Company's office for further particulars. B. F. DILLINGHAM, 101-lm General Manager O. R. & L. Co. rim t Tprn THE PREMISES AT NO. 42 Merchant street, occupied bvJ. A. Magoon, Esq., as a law office. ATlVEnquire of HUGO ST A N G E N W A LD , M. P. 90-lm DR. J. M. WHITNEY 7g IS HAPPY TO ANNOUNCE SC? to his patrons and friends in Ho nolulu and elsewhere, that henceforth he will be assisted in his Dental Rooms by Dk. A. E. Nichols, graduate of St. Louis Dental College, and for several years a successful practitioner in Pasadena, Cal. OST"Office hours as before, from 8:30 a. i. to 4 p. m. 102-lm- Corporation Notice. THE FOLLOWING OFFICERS WERE t-lected at the Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of the Haiku Sugar Co., held this day, for the ensuing year: President Hon. H. P. Baldwin Vice-P.esident Hon. S. M. Damon Treasurer Hon. S. N. Castle Secretary Hon. J. B. Atherton Auditor E. W. Peterson J. B. ATHERTON, Secretary Honolulu, Oct. 2S. lSf 103-lw NOTICE. T THE ANNUAL MEETING OF the Stockholders of the Paia Planta tion, held this day, the following named officers were elected to serve for the com ing year: H. P. Baldwin President W. O Atwater Vice-President J. B. Atherton Treasurer T. W. Ilobron Secretary W. A. Bowen Auditor T. W. HOBIION. Secretary. Honolulu. October 2s. PI"). 103 -t New Model Lunch Rooms! BETHEL STREET, (Next door to the Postoffice), NOW OPEN ! Give it a trial. 85-3m AUCTION SALE OF EITeefs of the Honolulu Arion THIS FRIDAY AFTERNOON, OCT. 31 AT 3 O'CLOCK, At the Arion Hall. I will sell at Public Auction, the l.tVt i of the Hono lulu Arion Society, cjuiprisir.g: k r rkF m: sofirf piivn? Tables and Chairs, Pictures, 1 Clock, Sundries, The Temporary Stage, Etc.. Etc., Etc. J as. E. HSXorgan, to' 105-it AUCTIONEER. People's Excursions ! O. R. & L. CO. To Ewa Plantation EVERY SATURDAY Leaving the Honolulu Depot at 1:45 P.M. Trains will be made un of CJojitIipb and Canopy top Cars all one price. Excursion Rates for these Trains only. 50 Cents to Pearl City and Return. 75 Cents to Ewa Plantation and Return. An opportunity for a ilpliliffnl rido and a breath of ture air. foronlv two cents ier mile. 97-lm For Mexico Direct! The A I Steamship T. A. Brchn, Commander, Is now due at this port and will leave for SALINA CRUZ, MEXICO, on or about the 20th inst. For particulars regarding Freight or Passage, apply to WM. G. IRWIN A CO., L'c, 91-td Agents. UP-TOWN Book, News and Stationery Store 106 FORT STREET, A Fine Line of Staple Society Note Paper and Envelopes; -: WEDDING STATIONERY :- IS GREAT VARIETY. Clearance Sale of DOLLS! t?To make room for New Goods. don't foeget THE MERRITT -.TYPE WRITER :- The Boss of the Market. TUGS. G. THRUM. Proprietor. The Planters9 Monthly. For October, 1890. TABLE OF CONTENTS: The Planters' Convention. With Our Readers. Culture of the Sugar Beet. About Coffee Planting. Minutes of Annual Meeting Planters' Labor and Supply Co. Report of Treasurer. RetKjrt of Secretary. Report of Committee on Fertilizers. Report of Committee on Manufacturing of Sugar and Machinery. Report of Special Committee on Chinese Laborers. Report of Committee on Tobacco. California Orange Culture. American Sugar Tariff. What will the new Sugar Duty Accom plish? Cost oi Raising Beets. Effects of Reciprocity in Cuba. TERMS : i early subscription $ 2 50 Foreign " 3 00 Bound Volumes 4 00 Back Volumes bound to order. tW Address : G ZETTE PUBLISHING CO., 45 Merchant St., Honolulu. d&w2w W.E. R0WELL, Engineer and Surveyor Room 5, Spreckels' Block. My dwtisfmfnls. H0LL1STEE & CO., IMl'OUTKKS -VNIJ DvLKHS IN Drugs and Medicines CHEMICALS. AMERICAN ami HAVANA CIGARS, THE LEADING BKAXPS OF Cigarettes and Tobaccos. The Host Complete Stock On the Islands. AGENCY FOR THE KODAK. Dark Room at Disposal of Amateurs. o Manufacturers of a Full Line of AERATED Comprising all the Popular Carbonated Beverages of the Day. o HOLLISTER & CO.. - IIONOIUTU. II. I. 14S 1304 PACIFIC HARDWAEE CO., I'd., B. F. Dillingham, Pres. J. G. Sfencer, Manager. F. L. Wiktkr, Trens. IRONMONGERS. -tot- New Groods RTJ33-BKJR HOSTS of the best quality: all sizes. Special Belting for all kinds of Machinery. PACKING, Etc., Etc. "Special ' Security " Cylinder and Engine Locomotive and Albany Cylinder Oil, and Compound KEROSENE OIL of guaranteed test a specialty. NEW STOCK OE SHELE HARDWARE Mechanics' Tools, Cutlery, and House Furnishing Goods, Art Goods, Ficture Framing, Artists' Materials; Paints, Oils and Varnishes, Turpentine, Galvanized and Plain Fence Wire and Staples; and Plantation Supplies Generally. -o- 11-td BENSON, SMITH & CO., 113 and 115 lfflllflS Soaps, Perfumes, OPTICAL GOODS, Etc., Ktc. WHOLESALE A LARGE AND COMPLETE STOCK OF PHOTOGRAPHER'S SUPPLIES ! Aancy for th Hawkeye Camera, Iiolalc Cameras and Kantinan'M liromide Paper At Manufacturers' Prices I Photographic Card MountH and Alhumw. -AGENTS BLAIR CAMERA CO., SCOVILL & CARBUTTS' PAHITI LEMONADE WORKS CO. The Only Steam Aerated Water Works in the Islands. The Daily Advertiser ARE THE LEADING PAPERS OF THE KINGDOM, .And Have tho of Photofraphie Supplies WATERS! - - 109 Fort Street Just Received ! Oil; PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'd., Fort and Merchant Streets. Fort Street, PATENT MKIMRS Toilet Articles, and RETAIL. FOB- ADAMS CO., CBAMER DRY PLATES, DRY PLATES. and Weekly Gazette Largest Circulation !