MANY MEN OF LETTERS HAVE REP
RESENTED U5 A&ROAD.
Brilliant Iteeord or American SIlnlMcr. at
rart Th., German Ml-, ion Conllerrl
t Perqnlnila of Eminent Scl.oUr.-Q,..
Ideation of the w Minuter..
The position of the Unitf4l Stateg
ftmonff the nations U so icnliar that for
toany years together it has tactically
diplomacy. Foreign diplomats at
Washington have therefore come to
look upon their stay there as a iriod cf
honorable retirement and dignified re
pose. Therefore, also, it was most nat
ural that from the beginning the prac
tice should prevail of choosing chiefly
scholars and gentlemen of elegant lei-
JAMES B. EUSTIS.
sore to represent us at foreign courts,
and the truly honorable list is embel
lished by such names as Franklin, Ban
croft and Motley, Edward Everett, Bay
ard Taylor and Andrew Dickson White,
John Quincy Adams, Albert Gallatin
and James Russell Lowell.
Even the minor consular service has
been thought worthy of acceptance by
such men as Robert Dale Owen, "Wirt
Sykes, Bret Harte and scores of equal
rank, including the talented but unfor
tunato author of 'Home, Sweet Home."
Hence appointments in the diplomatic
line by President Cleveland have been
scrutinized with unusual interest, for it
is conceded by men of all parties that
such places are outside of so called civil
service rules and that a Democratic ad
ministration ought to bo represented
abroad by Den ocrats.
The successor of Franklin and Wash
burae (the two bright particular stars ot
our mission to France) excites special
interest, as he is the first full fledged
minister to any European court from
Lousiana since the famous Pierro Soule
in 1833-5. There would seem a specia!
fitness in sending a Louisiana man to
France, and Hon. James Biddlo Eustis,
the new appointee, is a native of New
ilsans, born Aug. 27, 1834, and familial
with tbe French language and literature.
The family, however, is of Puritan ori
gin. William Eusti3 was governor of
Massachusetts in 1823-5. His nephew
and private secretary, George Eustis,
born in Boston in 179G, went to New
Orleans in ?817 and obtained high rank
as a jurist, and the present ex-senator and
diplomat is Ms 6on. lie served with hon
or in the Confederate army and in th
legislature, practiced law, was atto.-uey
general of the state, filled an unexpired
term in tho United States senate in 1877-9
and was elected for tho full term of
1885-91, which he served with distinction.
It will bo no light task for him to sus
tain the traditional glory of the place,
for while it is true that our chief com
plications have been with Great Britain,
yet, taking our history as a whole, tbe
French mission has been the one of
greatest brilliancy. It has been held by
such men as Thomas Jefferson, Gouver
neur Morris, Jame3 Monroe, Charles C.
Pinckney, Albert Gallatin and others of
almost equal note, but certainly no man
held it with greater dignity and success
than Elihu Benjamin Washburne. As
the retiring diplomats in 1870-1 one by
one turned over their archives to him it
resulted that ho was for nearly a year
not only minister from the United
States, but for five German and other
powers and several minor principalities
and was at the same time confidential
adviser of tho French government.
All these apparently irreconcilable
functions he performed with such skill
that France and Germany, differing in
all else, agreed in honoring hiin. The f or-
mer asked his retention for four more
years, and the latter conferred all the
honors the United States constitution
The German mission has from the
first been considered as ono iiecuharly
for scholars, 3 our relations with Ger
manv do not, save in very rare instances,
involve any necessity for diplomatic
tactics. Theodore Runyon, the new ap
pointee, was born in Somerville, .
Ort.25 1822, of an old French Hugtsenot
Sir,' the name originally Rogaaon
UoL graduated from ale in 1842
and has held various state office?, the
most important beingthat of chcollor
The new minister to Denmark, John
Risley. is comparatively anew
- i;h Ee was born near in
S iut O rears ago, studied
LT?tTerre Haute, and while still a
So? married a sister of Senator D .W.
?oorhees, removed to New
after and has practiced law with great
sccei His homo is at the beautiful
The German mission, as aforesaid has
been regarded from the first as peculiar
Kha perquisite of great scholars, though
iy iuo i .r,vm in a way that
British minis:er proposed to introduce
't ft w
him to the French minister rt? UCi caueu
on to say:
"I must warn you that though the gen
tleman is an eminent American lat el v
governor of his ttate yet l,o cinn.'t
speak a wor 1 of French."
"Ah, well," said the other. "I will re
member to speak English."
"But he does not really speak Englii'a."
"Ah, then, what does he speak?"
"He speaks Hoosier."
This, however, was probably a "cam
paign lie." At any rate it vr as in the M
condition when Prussia had really n
important relations with cs. As soon,
however, as the real Germany was or
ganized in 1371, George Bancroft, the
historian, was accredited thereto and
was received with enthusiasm. "In you."
aid Bismarck, "we honor at once Wash
ington and Washburne; we honor free
dom and learning." He had just before
been minister to Prussia and the North
German confederation and received the
highest horors from the universities and
various learned bo lies. He was followed
by John Chandler Bancroft Davis and
he by Bayard Taylor, whose reception
was the spontaneous ovation of the Ger
man people. They had honored Bancroft
and Davis; they really loved Bayard
By common consent he was taken not
so much as representative of the grejit
republic of the west as of the great re
public of letters. The news of his illness
and death followed, all too soon, the
news of his cordial reception, and no
German scholar ever received a mora
general and heartfelt tribute of sorrow
ful respect from men of all ranks than
was accorded to Bayard Taylor. Thj
state department was embarrassed by
the task of selecting a worthy successor,
but found him in the person of Professor
Andrew Dickson White of Cornell uni
versity. He fully sustained the dynasty
of scholarship, aided not a little by hi
refined and accomplished wife, of who:: :
the Berllneso said that she "looked lib:.
a fascinating picture from the canvas S
His successor, Aaron Sargent of Cal:
fornia, had never before been abvoa l
and was better versed in popular politic
JOHN E. RISLEY.
than in diplomacy. He seemed to think
it the thing to speak his views on local
matters quite as freely in Berlin as in
San Francisco, and tho result was that
the official press, Bismarck's organ lead
ing, made tuo temperature very warm
for him. His high character as a man
remained unblemished, but he returned
home with the frank confession that the
paths of diplomacy wero quite too slip
pery for lum. John A. ivasson ana
Goorce IL Pendleton followed in turn
and made tho residence of the American
minister a place of delight for scholars
nnd travelers of American and other na
tionalities. Lastly came William Walter
Phelps, whose success is the pride of
Americans of all parties. His successor
has indeed many worth examples from
Bancroft to Phelps.
Life 13 verv. verv tleasaut at a for
eign court to any American minister
who is a man of culture, with a mod
erate degree of diplomatic training or
even of tact and native capacity for it
without the training, and with wealth
enough to enable him to entertain with
out embarrassment. The position i3
one of just sufficient dignity to make
it airreeable to the natural man, yet
not enough to cause an embarrass
ment of attentions. In all the walk-
and drives, at all the receptions and
court balls, tho American minister ha
a place of honor. His wife is one of the
first ladies of the land. Their associa
tions are with the learned and jvoiite.
the wealthy, the noble and the witty.
True, there have been complications.
First was the ouestion of court 1r??3.
which called forth so many cheap v. itii-
cisms some 40 years ago as "the great
breeches question." Secretary, Marcy
settled it once for all by a peremptory
order that American representatives
abroad should wear no livery whatever.
Tho question of rank still rankle?, as
one diplomat has put it. It is ttill a
trifle annoying that the representative of
a monarchy like Spain, for instance,
should take precedence because called an
embassador, and that the American
minister should bring up the tail end of
tho procession. But such formal affairs
are very rare, indeed, and for the most
part one's social standing depends on
himself. As a rule, there is very little
indeed for an American minister to do.
He simply has to dress well, live cleanly,
talk to delightful people and keep him
self well informed on the condition of
tbe country to which he is accredited.
It certainly is pleasant. At any rate,
"the job is very much sought after.
J. II. Beapix.
Visitor to the Great Kalr.
According to present indications there
will be large transfers of population be
tween New York and Chicago next sum
mer. The Chicago women who are not
identified with the various movements
that their Rex are undertaking are begin
ning to anticipate with dismay the hos
pitalities the great show will entail
These propose to let their houses in Chi
cago for the summer months, and take
lodgings in this city or occupy cottages
at the seaside. When these opportuni
ties have been made known such of
the New York people as expect to visit
the fair have availed themselves of the
chance of escaping the crowds at the ho
tels arjd the chances of boarding houses,
and engaged these vacated houses. A
group of people divide the time among
them, succeeding one another in such in
stallments as they may arrange, and
with their own servants live as comfort
ably cs if at home. Many New Yorkers
would gladly avail themselves of such
opportunities if tbey could be made
known. If some convenient exchange of
properties could be established it would
be mutually beneficial. New York
DALLY PACFIC COMMEHCIAL ADVERTISER, MAY 4. 1893.
Orders on the Commisioner of Ag
IN FIVE GALLON QUANTITIES,
Can be obtained at the
Pacific Hardware Co., II
r,355-tf FORT STREET.
I WILL PAY CASH, FOR EITHER
large or email quantities of used Ha
waiian Postage Stampe, as follows:
(These offers are per hundred and am
quantity will be accepted, no matter how
small, at the same rates.)
1 cent, violet..., b
1 cent, blue 60
1 cent, green 40
2 cent, vermilion 1 5r
2 cent, brown 5C
2 cent, rose 2t'
2 cent, violet, 1S91 isaue 50
5 cent, dark bine ... 1 50
5 cent, ultramarine blue 60
G cent, green 2 60
10 cent, black 4 00
10 cent, vermilion 5 00
10 cent, brown 2 50
12 cent, black ... 6 00
12 cent, mauve 6 00
15 cent, brown 5 00
18 cent, red .. 10 00
25 cent, purple 10 00
50 cent, red 15 00
$1, carmine 25 00
1 cent envelope 40
2 cent envelope 75
4 cent envelope 1 59
5 cent envelope 1 60
10 cent envelope 3 00
S?"No torn stamps wanted at any
price. Address :
GEO. H. WASHBURN,
625 Octuvia St., San Francisco. Cal.
American Flag Bunting
Stars and Stripes Bunting
FOR DECORATING 1
The Largest and Most Complete Assort
Ever Imported in this Country,
gfiTTor .Sale at the
I X I
COR. KING AND MIC. -T sTS.
Just arrived ex Talmas a fine assort
Matting, Camphor Trunks,
Rattan Chaira and Tibles,
Silk Shawls and Handkerchiefs,
White Chinese Linen,
White and Colored Silk in Rolls
Fine Teas, Fine Manila Ciirars,
Chinese and Japanese Provisions!
And a general assortment of Groceries,
which we will sell at the very lowest
OFresh Goods by every steamer
from California and China.
WING MOW CHAN,
No. 64 King Street,
3124-q Near Mannakea.
PACK OF 1892
Now on Sale.
2ff"Every Can guaranteed Ki-:
S. FOSTER & CO.,
Wholesale -:- Grocers
2G and 28 California St., San Francisco.
Salmon and all Kinds Salt Fish
Girls from the Dressmaking De
partment of Kawaiahao Seminary
may be employed to go out sewing
by the day or week to do plain
dressmaking or sewing.
IMPORTER AND DMLKH 1 1ST.
Steel and Iron .Ranges, Stoves and Fixtures,
HOUSEKEUPINQ GOODS 1KB KITCHXH CTENSILSS
AGATE WARE IN WHEAT VA:iK,
White, Gray and s;,,ver-J4,!
HTJBBirR HOSE !
LIFT AND FORCE PUMPS. WATER CLOSETS, METALS,
Plumbers' Stock, Water and Soil Pipes.
Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work,
DIMOND BLO0K, 95
Received by the S. S. Belgic
A LARGE INVOICE OF
Also Large Line of Chinese Goods !
As Matting, beBt No. 1 in white and colors ; best camphor, wood and Leather Trunks ;
white Pongee Silks of the best kind; all Silk sialics. Silk Craps different kinds in
black, navy and light blue, red and other colors ; Silk Shawls, Tongee Silk Tidies,
hand made; Crape Silk Shawls, all sizes, hand made ; Silk Capes, embroidered by
hand; embroidered and lettered Handkerchiefs, all colors; Silk Sashes Gross Cloth
for dresses and Mosquito Nets and grass embroidered white Handkerchiefs,
Pajamas in Silk Pongee and Cotton
An excellent line of Chinese Vases, plain and in colors and toilet Sets of the finest
kind. We also received a large invoice of choice Chinese Teas; bea nt if ul carved
Wood Boxes of different varieties and sizes and sandal wood Fans. We also carry
a full line of TAILORS' GOODS and keep an experienced Cutter. Other Goods of
all kinds at moderate prices.
B. F. EHLERS & CO.,
AFTER TAKING STOCK,
All Kinds of Curtains in White, Cream & Colored
at half the former cost.
"Velvet and Smyrna Ris;s
in all sizes, greatly reduced.
WOOLEN GOODS IN PLAIN. STKliTED AND 1LA1DS
In fact we offer immense bargains in all Departments.
Dressmaking under the management of Miss K. Clark
A Columbia Bicycle
THE NEXT EAOE !
and 97 KING STREET.
& CO., Nuuanu Street.
Years ago, Mr. Yost built a tyi?
wiiter, tho Remington No. 2 and
Ciligraph which were good enough
then. But the family lias increased
by thousands. Other folks have
hitched on extensions to hold 'era.
But it's the same old typewriter,
same ribbon, same scales, same
rickety print. We want something
modern, and we get it in the Ni:w
Yost, which lises superior to the
difficulties of any ribbon machine.
The ribbon blurs print, wears full
of holes, clogs tyie, takes power to
pull It along, weakens manifolding
and costs $8 or $10 a year. Our
ink pail outlasts twenty riblons.
Can be changed in ten seconds, and
costs less than $2 a year. And as
to permanent alignment tho Yost
is the only machine which accom
plishes this much desired feat.
& Fine Assortment.
TILES FOll JbL001l
And for Decorating Purposes ;
Matting op all Kinds,
Chinese Fire Crackers, Rockets and
bombs, Japanese Irovisjon and Soy.
Lfcud-painted Porcelain Dinner Set.
A few of those fine hand-embroidered
8 1 and SATIN SCKEKNe,
Assorted colors and patterns of Crepe
8ilk Shawls. Elegant Tete-a te Cups
and Saucers. A fine lot of
BOATS AxI) ACCESSORIES
A few of those handy MoBqnito Urns.
Also, an assortment of new styles of
Rattan Chairs and Tables
Also, a small selection of JAPANESE
WING W0 CHAN & CO.
No. Nuuanu Street.
The Hawaiian Newspapers
DAILY AND WEEKLY
With a combined Circulation of
Furnish the best medium for
advertising in tho Hawaiian
language, and are the only
recognized leading Journals.
subscriptions received at the
office of the
Hawaiian Gazette' Co.,
46 Merchant Street,
Pork Packing Co.
The above Company is prepaied
HAWAIIAN HOGS !
In any quantity at Highest Market
33F""Pigs 'or Koasting, Dressed or on
Extra Leaf Lard,
Guaranteed rune, and irade under the
inspection of the Board of Health.
"Post Office Box 314 ; Mutual Tel
XD"Slaught.er Yards and Pens, Iwilei.
ggfOffice, 65 Hotel st., near N nnana.
DURING MY TEMPORARY AB
sence from the Islands, Charles T.
Wilder ha9 full power of attorney to act
for the firm of Wilder & Co., and also in
any personal matters.
3281 -tf W. C. WILDER.
At McKiiiley Prison
At JJ1-J ton !
HUSTACE & CO.
Ring up Jfo. 414 on Both Tele-3172-ff
THE HAWAIIAN GLIDE BOOK
Through ik Hawaiian Islands
U. M. WHITNEY, Kuror.
Price in Honolulu, 60 Cents per Cop
The Book has 176 raes of text, witn
?0 Foil Page Illustrations cf IsUnd Scectr;
wild a description of the Pearl llmlvt
Railway euterpriue, and 8urroundii:;
It has also FOUR MAI'S 0 the Imr
Islands, prepared expressly for t.
The GUI UK Kives a full debtriptioa u
each of the principal Jblanu's and bettl
rnents in tins Oroup, and will prove an
Invaluable hand-book for tourist, and for
residents to send to their friend abrond.
Borne of the Illustration in , ,.w
book are very tine epecimens of the l'hou
tint process of enKravinjr. nnd HccurntelT
represent f he scenes port ruy td.
XT-FoT sale at Hawaiian News Con.,
pany's, and at T. O. Thrntn'a Up-town
Etationery store. dAwd
TheOuide will be mailed to any part
the islands for 64 Cents per Copy.
Or, to any foreign country for 70 Cent
a7Published by the
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO.,
4rQ Merchant tit..
While thankful to the Planters for.
their generous support during
the past year, do now
offer a few tons of
Various Grades of Fertilizers
Still remaining on hand, and ready for
immediate delivery :
Complete Ilifch Grade Fertilizers,
Rotted Stable Manure acd Land Plaster,
Sulphate Potash and Muriate Potash,
Nitrate of Soda and Dried Blood,
Dissolved Laysen Island Guano,
Pure Raw Bono Meal
Ground Coral Lime Stone,
Etc., Etc., Etc.
Having deposed of Large Quantities of
Manures tiid High Grade fertilizers,
during the year ia92, we aro now pre-
?ared to receive orders lor 1893, de
ivery in quantities to suit.
Sy"We will give tenders for any
Quantity and of any Grades desired.
Fertilizfc..i mada to order, and any
ACSWhile making your orders fot
18y:?t give us a call, or tend yo.ir
A. P. COOKE,
Manager Hawaiian Fertilizting Co.
INSURE WITH TH2 AGENT
OF NEW YORK.
ASSETS - - - $5,879,208.00
NET SURPLUS - 2,255,389.00
Solid Security Against Fire.
Fire Insurance Only.
JEy When Rates are Equal, get the
WILDER & GO.,
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