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1) AIIiY PACIFIC COMMERCIAL! ADVKKTISEU, JULY 0. IM93.
PLAN TO preserve TnE
II A 31 A KU A FOREST.
Suggestions Submitted By Mr.
Hi3 Excellency J. A. Kixo, president
of tbo bureau of agriculture, and
Sir: Since tbe formation of the
bureau of agriculture and forestry
the attention of your commissioner
(as stated in a former report) has been
drawn by tbe planting community of
the district of Hamakna, on tbe isl
and of Hawaii, to tbe greatly les
sened rainfall, attributed by them
(and, in the opinion of the writer,
rightly so) to tbe rapid denudation
of tbe forests that has taken place in
that district. Immediate action being
urged upon tbe bureau, your com
missioner concluded to visit Hama-
in width, extending through and above
the cane bell, that the plantations will
fence the land in, preserving whatever
forest remains, and causing the remaining
land, in time, to grow over.
It ia hoped that with this are of
forest the rainfall in the district will be
sufficient to enable the agricultural and
ranching industries to be continued.
for Paauhau Plantation Co. (LI.)
John M. Horner,
Kukaiau Plantation Co.
Harnakua Plantation Co.
James It. Kenton,
Homakua Mill Co.
Honokaa Sugar Co.
It. M. Overend Plantation.
Tbe plan proposed is a feasible
one, and it an agreement can be
made with tbe owners and lease
holders or the land below the pro
posed line of fence, the work of
erecting tbo fence can be commenced
as soon as tbe necessary arrange
ments are completed. For your in
formation I would state that the
proposed lino of fence will commence
at the western boundry of the gov
ernment land of Keaa (not under
lease) and joining the fence of the
Pacific Sugar Co., will run across the
land of Keaa, a distance of 3000 feet;
thence across tbe land of aikolca
have tbe means or tbe knowledge, of
where to procure the various econo
mic trees and plants that are needed
to make profitable the cultivation of
homebtend. There are several vari
eties of fibre plants, that could be
cultivated and prepared by the fam
ilies of the settlers, that would prove
a 6teady source of income to them,
and be a valuable additions to our
exports; as also the planting of eco
nomic trees such as citnphor, log
wood, cocoa, etc., should be encour
aged in every way possible. Tbe best
way is, to provide the homesteaders
with the young plants and trees as
well as seeds, and it is the aim of
your commissioner, as soon as better
land facilities than are available at
present can be arranged for, to carry
on tbe propagation and cultivation
of trees and plant3 mentioned, and
distribute as many of them as possi
ble to the different homesteads
throughout the country.
PASTOR PALI AND II IS
FLOCK STILL DISAGREE.
Glimpse of Lahaiualuna
CUTTING DOWN OF TEEES BT THE
The homestead law is defective in-
somncb as there is no provision
against the indiscriminate cutting
down of the forest. "While there is
no doubt but that most of the origi
nal trees on the homesteads, will
sooner or later have to be removed
(owned by the Parker estate), a dis- to make way for more valuable trees
tance of 4000 feet; thence across the
nnleased government land of Kapa-
loni, 2000 feet; thence across the
land of Kapoeola (owned by the
Parker estate), a distance of 3000
feet; thence across the crown land of
Ilonokaia (leased to the Parker
estate), a distance of COOO feet; thence
kna and confer with tbe planters I across the land of Kawela (owned by
thpr nnon tbe imDortant Question of the Parker estate), a distance of 1000
arresting tbe destruction of the for
ests and devising moans of restoring.
a far as possible, a portion
area already destroyed.
In pursuance of this course tbe
writer has visited Harnakua, and
whilo there called a meeting of tbe
representatives of the plantations in
the district. A meeting was held on
May 2Gth at tbe Honokaa lyceum, at Gf 95.000 feet, and loinine- a fence al
which the following plantations were ready built by J. Al. Horner. The
. represented: The Pacific Sugar Mill fence being kept at an averago dis
tance of five miles from tbe sea, the
same distance as the Pacific Sagar
Co.'s fence, and well preserved from
feet; thence across the government
land of Nenie (leased to the Parker
estate), a distance 13,000 feet; thence
across the land of Paauhau (owned
by the Parker estate), a distance of
8000 feet: thence across tbe crown
land of Kalopa (leased by tbe Parker
estate), a distance of 5000 feet; tbence
across the government land of Kaaao
(teased by J. M. Horner), a distance
and plants, ho cutting down of
the old trees should only take place,
as the land is required for cultiva
tion. There being no such provi
sion in the present law, the majority
of the homesteaders in Harnakua, as
soon as they obtained possession of
these lots, went energetically into
the firewood busmess,andcut down a
large part of the forest on the home
stead tract, and but a small portion
of the land so cleared has been used
for cultivation, and no trees have
been planted to take the place of
those cut down.
The plantations in the Harnakua
district are fully alive to the import
ance of preserving the remaining
forest, and are discouraging, as far
as possible, the cutting down of trees
and are using coal instead of wood
where extra fuel is needed in the
Co , Honokaa Plantation Co., Paau
hau plantation and tbo Knkaiau
The meeting discussed at length
the question of preventing the fur
ther destruction of the forest and
restoring the portion already destroy
ed and it was agreed that no better
means could be devised than to in
close with a substantial fence the
remaining forest, together with a
considerable area of land upon
which there is every reason to be
lieve the forest may be restored, if
cattle and stock of all kinds are
rigidly excluded from trespassing
and destroying the young trees.
The meeting finally appointed a
committee, composed of the follow
ing gentlemen: Mr. A. Moore, Mr.
C. von. Mengersen and Mr. J. M.
Horner, and instructed them to pre-
mills, landing engines, etc. The
writer was pleased to note the large
amount of tree planting that has
been dono by the Paauhau planta-
pare a letter, to bo addressed to your fore the greater portion of the forest
the inroads of cattle, a strip of conn tiou, and tbe good example is being
try three miles in width by eighteen
to twenty miles in length, part of this
being already protected by the fence
of the Pacific Sugar Co.
On about half of the strip man
tioaed, the original forest is still
standing; tbe remaining part of
which there is reason to believe still
contains enough vitality to encour
age the hope that in time the forest
may grow again. To assist this end,
the plantations and ranchers should
plant trees on the denuded parts of
the land, until the whole tract is
covered with a healthy and vigorous
forest, the effect of which will be an
increased rainfall, such as Harnakua
was blessed with in former years be
commissioner, expressing tno views
of the meeting and stating to what
extent the plantations were prepared
to co-operate with the government in
the work of preserving the forests,
and the following letter, received on
the 7th of June, clearly and forcibly
sets forth the need of immediate ac
tion on the part of both the govern
ment and the planters themselves:
letter From Planters.
Hamakca District, Hawaii,
May 29.h, '93.
Joseph Maesdex, Esq., Commissioner
Dear Sir : At a meeting of representa
tives of the plantation interests of Hama
kna d strict, held at Honokaa on May 2G,
1S93, to consider the change in the climate
of late years and the causes thereof;
namely, the denudation of the forest
lands above the cane belt, it was
agreed that j our attention be called to
the abve, and that you be requested to
present the following statement of the
con fitio.i of the district to the minister
of the interior and urge upon him the
necessity of assisting the people of the
district, in the manner to be proposed.
Within the past twenty years the lands
of the Hamatua district, extending from
Ookala to Waipio gulch, along the sea
coast and inland as far back as Waimea,
were covered with a dense forest im pas-a-ble
except by trails cut through, the
brash and undergrowth. While in this
condition the dis'ric. had an abundant
rainfall. Some of the roads being known
for their perpetual muddy condition.
Within the same period of twenty
years, the lands adjoining the sea coast
have been gradually cleared for cane and
agricultural purposes without seriously
affecting the rainrall; also, during this
same period of time, the ranching indus
try in the neighborhood of Waimea has
-been largely increased. The cattle in
grazing around Waimea and on the ad
joining mountains have gradually caused
the distraction of the underbrush, and
finally the large trees throughout tnat
section of the district. The area of land
affected was at first small, bat year by
vear it has steadily increased until now
there are probably 100,003 acre entirely
cleired, except for an occasional dead
stu-np still standing. As the above area
has increased, so the rainfall has dimin
ished so that now there are two causes,
lack cf moisture, and the damaging
effects of the cattle, for the very rapid
denudation of all the forest land in this
district. As a result of this the rainfall
lias become so small and irregular that
the lands are almost worthless for either
agricultural or grazing purposes. Both
industries were carried on at a loss last
year; the prospects are as bad for this,
and under present conditions it is a mat
ter of but a few years when all agricul
tural pursuits will have to be entirely
abandoned in that section of the district
The ranching industry extensively
carried on between the Hamakca and
Kohala districts is also seriously threat
ened from the reduced feed and water
The present seriou3 condition of the
district with the still more gloomy pros
pect for the future ha3 caused the planta
tion and ranch owners much worry and
thought and led to the present meeting
at which it was decided to represent the
condition, of the district, as above, to
you, and suggest the following plan to
rave at least a portion of the remaining
It is known from actual experience at
the Kukuihaele plantation, that if land
is fenced in and preserved from the in
roads of cattle, that the brush and trees
although badly affected will in time re
cover and the forest be renewed. In
conseqaence of this it was agreed among
the plantation owners and representa
tives that if the government will set aside
a strip o: land cf from three to four miles
was destroyed. I1 rom conversations
with the representative of the Parker
estate and others who own or lease
a considerable portion of the land
over which it is proposed to build the
fence, the writer does not anticipate
that any great difficulties will bo en
countered in arranging for a release
of tbe land below the line of the pro
posed fence, and your commissioner
would strongly urge upon your hon
orable body the importance of bring
ing this matter to the attention of
the government for the purpose of
obtaining a release of the desired
portions of the lands named, and a
setting apart of the same for the pur
pose of maintaining a permanent
THE HAMAKUA HOMESTEADS.
The homesteads situated above
Honokaa, known as tbe Ahualoa
tract, were visited by your commis
sioner. inese homesteads were
among tbe first to be surveyed and
set apart by the government. Most
followed by the other plantations in
While there are some plantations
in these islands that recognize tbe
importance of treo planting, the most
of them are indifferent, aud do noth
ing towards replacing the large are3
of forest cut down in former times to
supply their mills with fuel. A few
men on each plantation employed
the year round iu tree planting
would do much in renewing the for
est on denuded tracts of land, aod
would eventually prove a profitable
investment, as there is nothing so
sure to yield satisfactory results in
the end as tree planting. Every bit
of waste land should be planted with
trees, and there is no land so poor
and exposed but some tree will grow
on it. Nature has provided a long
list of trees to choose from, and all
that is needed to make the waste
places fruitful is a little energy and
Commissioner of Agriculture and
THE FOURTH AT WAIALUA
the Races at That
Police Captain Robert V. Par
ker and two native policemen re
turned from Lahaina on Tuesday
afternoon by the steamer W. G
Hall. They arrived at Lahaina by
the steamer Claudine on the Friday
Parker sent word bv one of his
men to Deputy Sheriff Chilling
worth, of Wailuku, to come to La
haina. The messenger arrived at
Wailuku, but Chillingworth was at
Hana attending to some cases
During Saturday morning, bow-
ever, Deputy Sheriff Lorin An
drews, of Makawao, arrived, and
Deputy Sheriff Chillingworth
reached Lahaina at 1 p. m. Satur
When Parker landed at Lahaina
on Friday night, it was rumored
that Rev. A. Pali was going to be
turned out of the parish the next
day by his parishioners, as the
thirty days' notice previously given
to Pali to move out expired that
The people having heard of Par
ker s arrival and mission, Messrs.
Makalua and William White, of
lottery bill fame, came to JParker
and talked about the matter. They
notified rarker ot their intention
to make Pali move out, by force if
necessary, from the house belong
ing to the Lahaina church. Pali
has been pastor of the Lahaina
church during the past twenty
Captain Parker told them that
he was eent there for the express
purpose of seeing that no bodily
injury was done to the person of
Rev. A. Pali and his family, and
that it was his duty to prevent any
attempt of the kind. Makalua and
White then cooled down and
changed their tune. They consult
ed with their sixty-eight followers
aud agreed to lay the matter be
fore the meeting of the Maui Evan
gelical association to assemble on
Parker stated that he found the
front door of the church securely
fastened on the inside. The back
door was also firmly nailed up, so
that no one could get inside the
church. Last Sunday Rev. Mr.
Pali held services at his house and
there were present besides his fam
ily, quite a number of his followers,
Judge Kahaulelio being one. Ma
kalua and Bill White held their
services at the old church, Hale
We have selected two or
Croup. three lines from letters
freshly received from pa
rents who have given German Syrup
to their children in the emergencies
of Croup. You will credit these,
because they come from good, sub
stantial people, happy in finding
what so many families "lack a med
icine containing no evil dni, vhich
mother can administer with con
fidence to the little ones in their
most criiicnl hours, safe and sure
that it will carry them through.
Golden Rule Bazaar !
We have sold all our SS.50 Machines and now como with
this pretty little machine, $12 complete with cover.
''V ;.?.V'.; v 'V. v
I-d. 1. V:r -.its, of
Alma, NeK l ive it
to tnv clii'Jrn when
troul'iJ vi i.'u C.-ol:j
EUi r?vv:r sr.v a;:y
prepar.it.ioT ;-xt like
it. It ia shii:!v :ni
Zhs. Tas.V. Kirk..
narroJsburg, Ky. I
have depended upon
i: in attacks cf Croup
u ;th r. little daugh
ter, and C:id it an in
ot oar customers
are mothers who use Boschee's Ger
man S rup anions their children.
A medicine to be successful with the
little folks must be a treatment for
the sudden and terrible foes of child
hood, whoopnc cough, croup, diph
theria and ti:e dangerous lnfianma
tious of delicate throats and lungs.
H. I WICHMAN,
Having now the much desired
space for the proper display of my
splendid stock of FIXE GOODS,
and late additions thereto, it is a
pleasure to see you in and show the
arrangement of the different lines,
as compared to my old and cramp
ed quarters; it is simply paradise.
My stock of staple and new Goods
will from now on, be found corn-
plete and any suggestion in the
way of new fads will be eagerly
As a starter on new Goods, my
very fine line of Leather Parses and
Card Case ccmbi?iations are well
worth your attention.
Leathers in all the delicate colors
of dress materials, mounted in fine
sterling silver in intricate designs
as well as the plain they must be
appreciated by those who have al
ways been obliged to send away for
these goods. Carrying in this line
the products of the leading makers
of fine Leathers in the United
States, it is possible for me to offer
you a choice assortment from the
comparatively inexpensive to that
which takes dollars to buy.
The Gentleman's full dress Card
Case, seems tto be the correct thing
from the way they, caught on just
large enough to fit the proper pock
et. Another little thing on which
sales are rapidly increasing, the
dainty little individual Butter
And don't foreret wo keen the Ivinc and Star of all
Machines, and that's the
Special Bargains for This Week
JNT. S. S-A.CI-I',
520 Fort Street - Honolulu.
Boys' and Girls' Straw Hats
Boys' mixed Straw Hats, extra valuo 40c.
Boys' fancy Straw Hats for 50c.
Boys' white Straw Hats for 40c.
Children's sailor Hats, all colors GOc.
Children's trimmed Straw Hats, latest stylo reduced to 75c.
Extra fine braid sailor Hats, white and colored, reduced
from $1.50 to $1.10.
"These prices are positively for this week only.
followers were present.
Captain Parker visited Lahaina-
The Fourth of July was observed luna Seminary and was cordially
Spreader in sterling silver and
Their sixty-eight political plate, probably the best and most
with horse races at Waialua, on the
other side of this island. The na
tives joined in celebrating the day
and the event went off successfully.
Messrs. Iliel Kapu and Turner
received by Principal Townsend.
There are now fifty-six students at
the school, who have cultivated as
for many years past a patch of
about tvventv acres of taro in the
gulch near the school
of them have been occupied for live acted as judges of the races.
yearp, and probably form as good an
example as can be found of the work-
irjfr of the homestead law. The
general impressions received bv a
visit to these homesteads is not dis
couraging as to tho ultimate success
of the law.
While there is no systematic culti
vation of economic dams, tbe pro
duce of which would add materially
to the prosperity of the settlers, thero
has been some desultory planting of
coffee, interspersed with corn and
garden produce. Corn seems "to bo
the cheap crop, and grows well and
vigorously throughout the tract, and
an enterprising Portuguese settler
has erected a mill, run by horse
power, for grinding corn meal and
horse feed. While there is no doubt
but what the settlers obtain a con
siderable portion of their subsistence
from the land, it is evident that these
homesteads are still far from being
self supporting. The people are, in
most cases, poor, and have in a great
measure to depend upon employment
amoDg the neighboring plantations
and other work throughout the
There are some signs of an increas
insr interest in coffee planting. Tho
writer was informed that it was im
possible to find aDy youDg coffee
trees in the numerous patches that
have gone wild in Harnakua. For
merly young trees by the thousand
were to be found in these patches,
but now tbey are all taken by the
settlers and planted. This system of
planting coffee has been much criti
cised; but all the coffee seen by the
writer that had been planted with
young wild trees looked remarkably
strong and healthy. Coffee planting
by the homesteaders will not increase
as it should until some settler more
enterprising than his fellows gathers
a paying crop, then the homesteaders
will become encouraged and go into
coffee planting with a good heart.
To ensure the success of the home
stead law, it is necessary that every
homestead shall produce by the ex
penditure of a fair amount of labor,
a sufficient return to enable the set
tler to maintain his family in com
fort, and to put something by for a
Encouragement on the part of the
government is needed, the people
are in most cases poor, and do not
The first race was a quarter-mile
dash. Purse, $100. Akin, Wm.
Rathburn, Warren and F. Halstead
each entered a horse. Akiu's horse
came in first: time, 26 seconds.
Ilalstead's was second and War-
ren s tnird. naistead protested
the race because Rathburn's horse
did not join the race, but the
judges declared Akiu's horse the
The second race was a half-mile
dash, between horses entered by
F. Halstead, T. Jones, Wm. Rath
burn and Carlson. It was won by
Jones' horse, the time being 5S
seconds. UarJson s Ivahuku Bov
came in second ; time, 58i seconds.
F. Halstead 's horse was third. The
purse for this race was $400, or
TlUU each entry.
Third race: half-mile dash.
Hiel Kapu, J. R. Holt and T.
Jones each entered a horse. Kapu's
horso won this race, the time being
seconds. Kahuku Bov was
second ; time, 54 seconds. Purse.
Fourth race; -mile dash. This
race was run by two horses belong
ing to Mr. Gay and Wm. Holt re
spective!'. Gay's horse won in 27
seeonds. 1 hp nurso wna SXO
Fifth race was a mule-race. Mr.
Warren, Alex. Dowsett and Kaaia
entered their mules : distance, i
mile; purse, $25. Kaaia's mule
Sixth race i mile dash was
between two horses owned by Gay
and Kaaia. Gay's horse, it was
claimed, fouled Kaaia's, and Kio
ula (the rider of Kaaia's horse) fell
near the goal ; the horse was not
hurt, but the boy sustained some
slight injuries. The race was de
The last event was a 100 yards
foot-race between Kaiwi, Kaliko,
Chris. Holt and several others.
Chris. Holt won the race.
After the races were concluded,
Xahinu invited many of those
present to a birthday iuau given at
For San Francisco.
The Al Barkentine
S. G. Wilder,
Will sail for the above port on FRIDAY,
July 7, at 2 o'clock p. m.
E?For Freight or Passage (having
superior cabin accommodations) apply to
F. A. SCHAEFER& CO..
J)0 YOU FEED
The Skin needs foor. If the Com
plexion ia sallow, rough, scaly, pimply,
it is because it is not fed with
LOLA MONTEZ CRE3IE
The Skin Food and Tissue Builder,
positively the only safe and reliable ar
ticle for tho Complexion. Absolutely
harmless, opens the pores, increases the
natural and necessary secretions of the
skin. Restores the flesh to Arm healthy
state of youth. Prevents wrinkles.
Good for burns, chapped lip3 and hands.
fj2Pot lasts three months.
PRICE 75 CENTS.
SSAsk vour druggist for it.
HOW CAN YOU TOLERATE
yellow or mud
dy Skin, moath
V,rrinkles or any
form cf facial di3
Mrs Nettie Har
to cure you. Don't
case a hopeless
useful little conciet ever thought of
m connection with the table service.
Remaining on th-c table throughout
the meal, they entirely take the
place of the desert knife for spread
ing butter, certainly more dainty
and giving the other instrument a
chance to be used for tvhat it was
intended. To those of refined tastes
and a sense of the fitting, very little
need be said in their favor. It will
not be long before every table in
Honolulu will be supplied ivith these
very necessary little articles.
Great Clearance Sale
MONDAY, JUNE-26, 1893.
We will offer anything in our
Large Stock of Goods !
At Greatly Reduced Prices!
2T"Call and see for
offering in all Departments.
yourself, tho bargains we are
Egan & Gumi, Fort Street.
H. F. WICHMAJS1
Mrs. Harrison treats ladies for all de
fects of face and figure. The perma
nent removal of superfluous hair
MRS. XRTTIE HAKRISON
America's Beauty Doctor.
2G Geary Street, San Francisco, Cal.
ESTFor sale by HOLLISTER & CO.,
Druggists, 109 Fort St., Honolulu.
NEW GOODS !
Received by late Steamers.
Of New Patterns; also,
Crape Shirts and Suits!
Of First-class style.
Silk Handkerchiefs and Necktiea,
Handsome Vases of Japanese Art, etc.
Pan Fired Japan Tea
FOR FAMILY USE.
Sold at very reasonable prices for the
trade as well as retail.
Importer of Japanese Goods
2CG Fort St., near Ca3fom .House.
Y.imatoya, Yokohama, Japan, Cotton
Crape Manufacturer an1 Shirt Maker.
Sole a sent, ITOHAN, 206 Fort Street,
9 HOTEL STREET.
Prices lower than elsewhere in Hono
lulu. Latest styles as worn in London
and Paris. A specialty of Washing Dress
es. All work neatlv and promptly
finished. " 3340
Having Placed Our Orders for
Lines Goods Shortly to Arrive,
Must Make Room for Same.
Stationery as follows
GOOD QUALITY PENCILS rubber tipped, at 15 cents a dozen; note size, VE
NETIAN LINEN Tablets, 15 cents. 2 for 25 cents ; Letter Tablets, good .lualify,
15 cents, former price 25 cents ;PHO IO FHAMliS, cahinet bizcm, m-w, L0 cenm,
3 for $1 ; Composition Books, size 7x8-j, good quality, 50 r-n!S a dozen ; NOTE
PAPER, ream packages, special line, 1'5 cents; ENVELOPES, white, good
quality, per box 500, only 75 cents; PE-N' HOLDERS, suitably fyr tchool ufe,
15 cents a dozen.
NOTICE In consequence of cutting prices, we cannot allow any dNcount to the
trade on above line3.
We are just in receipt of a full lino MARCUS WARDS Cno linen Papers, ruled and
unruled ; Envelopes to match .
ALUMINIUM NO VELTI KS Just the tiling for Whitand EnchrePriroa; guaran
teed not to tarnish ; a large variety of these goods in PJa ing Card C - ses ; prices
Everything to be found in a first-class Music Store; over 25,000 pieces e'.'f-et Music
to select from. Our prices will be found the lowest and gools the t ft.
SPECIAL DISCOUNT allowed to Teachers, Schools and Clergytn n. miJ or
write for catalogues and discount.".
PUBLISHERS of Prof. Merger's "MELE HAWAII," 20 numbers, tbo culv vl.oico
selection of Hawaiian Music in print.
J. & C. Fischer, Everitt & Schiller PIANOS; Storv and Clark and Chirngo Collage
ORGANS; YOST TYPE-WRITER, DENSMORE TYPE-WRITE!;, tho two
best writing Machines in the world. ,
TYIE-WJRIXJCIi 8TJI?rJY DEPAI1TMENT.
We will soon is?ue a catalogue of Papers, Ribbons, etc., for all makes of Machines.
Parties desiring a copy, can have same mailed to their address by leaving
name at our office. Thia catalogue will be found very useful to Type-writers
The Hawaiian News Co., L'd., Honolulu.
The Daily Advertiser
50 CENTS PER MONTH,