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Till; PACIFIC COMlEKCIAL ADV13KTISKR: XIOXOJLUL.U, MAKC1L !, IsJM.
CURIOUS KANAKA CHARACTER.
Bill Ragsdale, the Hawaiian Parlia
Daring the early years of Kala
tanaa reign and for some years pre
ceding a half white called "Bill"
Ragsdale wan the official interpreter
in the elective branch of tb Hawai
ian Parliament 'says Ibe New York
San. Ragsdale bad a great natural
aptitude for acquiring languages, and
it was told of him that when be vuTit
d a French man of-war the officers
would not believe he bad net been
educated in Paris, and that the
Germau navy officers wanted to bet
that he had been educated from
infancy iu Berlin. He was quick
witted, eloquent, a fop in dress, ami
as a citizen a good for-naught. His
official duties required him to inter
pret the speeches of the natives into
English and the speeches of tbt
foreigners into Hawaiian. The latter
was necessary, as many of the native
members from districts remote from
Honolulu and Hilo had little know
ledge of any lHngaa;e but their own.
JLhe former duty, turning tho natives
speeches into Kugiish, was seldom
necessary, as tLe foreign momlers
were, naturally, men who had ben
on tho islands long enough to u. aster
ii - . i -i .
me eimpie ana easily acqnirea nativo
Jangnago. JLSut it was a duty Kae-
dale loved, and its performance we 8
a source of constant delight to the
foreign members and spectators.
His method was to interpret every
two or three sentences, and he would
sometimes suavely interrupt a uatiro
struggling in an impassable laby
rinth of gutturals and leave him
there, iu upeechlosd amazement,
whilo he launched into an eloquent
on the beauties of a moonlight rain
bow or some other equally unrelated
subject. Or a gray haired member
from Waikapu might arise in his
place and explode a few gutturals
which were to the effect that one of
his oxen had been drowned in the
Ulupalakua ford and ho wanted to
know when tho government proposed
to bridge that creek. Ragsdale
would rise, bow to the members, and
proceed dramatically in some such
manner as this.
"The distinguished and eloquent
member from Waikapu desires to
direct tho attention of the honorable
members to what he aptly character
izes as their lamentable lapse from
that high sense of duty which most
distinguishes the patriot from the
politician. Not since the regretted
days of Kamehameha I. of glorious
memory, whoso war club was as the
thunderbolt, and whoso canoes
shimmered o'er the waters like the
mysterious lights which beacon the
spray as it dashes across the coral
reef; not since the taboo was by royal
edict placed on the religion of oar
forefathers and we all became
Christians by ukase; not since the
enemies of the great Kamehameha
fled in affright, up the valley f
Kuuana and fearing death h-.-s
than the wrath of their pursuer
Hung themselves over the Pali, where
their bones in fantastic disarray
strew the cruel rocks even now; not
since the juice of the ava first made
the sailors of Capt. Cook delirious
with joy; not since then has there
been on all these islands a Kanaka
so mad as was the honorable gentle
man from Waikapu when hit off ox
sank in the treacherous sauds where
purl the waters of the Ulupalakua.
Then the member, delighted to
here that so little Hawaiian would
make so much English, would utter
a few more sentences.
Ragsdale, in pretending to inter
pret this, would attribute to the
member the latest good story the in
terperter had probable heard on
board some man of-war. When he
had finished his story he would in
form the member that he was oot of
order, as the river and harbor im
provemeut bill was not before the
House; that the only bill before the
Houso was Bill Ragsdale. He had
many foppish eccentricities in dress,
so no particular notice was taken
when Ragsdale began wearing one
glove constantly, even when inter
preting. He furnished' an explanation of
that when he gave himself up to the
authorities as a leper and asked to
be transported to Molokai. The
fatal disease was manifest only on
that hand he had kept gloved.
Through that hand a knife mibt
have been run without Ragsdale
feeling it. ....
He went to Molokai, where he
livpd several Years, dying before
Father Damien. That good priest
gave testimony that Ragsdale'a ex
ample in voluntarily going to
Molokai did much to allay the dis
content of others there and that he
was a cheerful, intellegent, and iu
dustrious aid to the priest in govern
ing and caring for their unfortunate
Sailors ' Vaccinated.
C. B. Reynold?, the agent of the
Board of Health, went out to the
bark Horatio yesterday and vac
cinated two of the men on board.
other were found to have
fresh vaccination, gears, and it was
not considered necessary to give
them any more virus.
The men at the quarantine sta
tion are rapidly recovering, and it
is only a matter of a few days
until they will be well. No danger
is to be apprehended of the dis
eape spreading, as too strict a guard
is kept on both the quarantine sta
tion and the ship.
mm ' "
Electric tanning is increasing.
Winnepeg car fare is 2 cents.
Some Striking Kxaraple or the Workings
of the Ice Act.
An immense area of the northeastern
states, extending south to Xew York,
and then westward in an irregular line
to Cincinnati and St. Louis, is almost
wholly covered with a deposit of drift
material, iu which rocks of various sizes
are imbedded, while other rocks, often of
enormous size, lie upon the surface.
Those blocks have been carefully studied
by the American geologists, and they
present u.s with some very interesting
facts. Not only are tho distances from
which they have been transported very
great, but in vry many cases they are
found at a greater elevation than the
place from which they must have come.
Professor G. F. Wright found an enor
mous accumulation of bowlders on a
sandstone plateau in ilonroe county,
Pa. Many of these bowlders were gran
ite and must have come either from the
Adirondack mountains. 200 miles to the
north, or from the Canadian highlands,
still farther away. This accumulation
of bowlders was 70 or 80 feet high, and
it extended many miles, descending into
a deep valley 1,000 feet below the plateau
in a nearly continuous line, forming part
of tho southern moraine of the great
American ice sheet.
On the Kentucky hills, about 12 miles
south or Cincinnati, conglomerate bowl
ders containing pebbles of red jasper can
be traced to a limited outcrop of the same
rock in Canada, to the north of Lake
Huron, more than COO miles distant, and
similar bowlders have been found at
intervals over the whole intervening
country. In both these cases the blocks
must liave passed over intervening val
leys and hills, the latter as high or near
ly as high as tho source whence the rocks
Even more remarkable are numerous
bowlders of Heidelberg limestone on the
summit of the Elue Ridge in Pennsyl
vania, which must have been brought
from ledges at least 500 feet lower than
the places upon which they now lie.
The Blue Ridge itself shows remark
able signs of glacial abrasion in a well
defined shoulder marking the southern
limit of the ice (as indicated also by
heaps of drifts and erratics), so that Mr.
Wright concludes that several hundred
feet of the ridge have been worn away
by the ice.
The crowning example of bowlder
transportation is, however, afforded by
the blocks of light gray gneiss discover
ed by Professor Hitchcock on the sum
mit of Mount Washington, over C,000
feet above sea level, and identified with
Bethlehem gneiss, whoso nearest outcrop
is in Jefferson, several miles to the north
west and 3,000 or 4,000 feet lower than
Mount Washington. A. R. Wallace in
Wrecks ami Salvage.
Given a ship in a safe position as re
gards valuable property on board, but
an uncertain position as regards diving
operations, and she may be to the divers
a "stand by" for years notably, for
example, in the case of the steamship
Cadiz, wrecked in 1875 near Ushant, hav
ing on board valuable pig lead and quick
silver in large iron bottles. The Salvage
association had a standing contract with
divers, and year after year, when noth
ing more remunerative was on hand, the
diving cuttera would sail out from Whit
stable for the wreck.
When the news of the, loss of this ves
sel was first received, some chagrined un
derwriters made known to the Salvage
association that in a box in the captain's
cabin was a jeweled hunting knife valued
at 7,000, belonging to a Portuguese no
bleman. The exact spot in which the box
was bestowed was carefully explained to
the divers, but all their efforts to find it
were in vain, or so they affirmed. Lead
they could see in plenty, and quicksilver,
but nothing at all resembling a box with
a jewel hilted knife in it. At this stage,
however, they were paid not by results,
but by time, and it suggested itself that
the thickness of the water might be clear
ed by the offer of a special 5 per cent, or
850, for the recovery of the knife, and,
by a singular coincidence, the costly toy
was immediately found and brought to
the surface. Westminster Review. .
A writer remarks that the process of
crystallizing flowers is simple and can be
satisfactorily accomplished by any one
who has artistic skill.
Arrange some basket forms of any de
sired pattern with pliable copper wire
and wrap them with gauze. Into these
tie to the bottom violets, ferns, geranium
leaves in fact, any flowers except full
blown roses and sink them in a solution
of alum of one pound toagallon of water.
Wait until the solution has cooled, as
the colors will then be preserved in their
original beauty, and the crystallized
alum will hold them faster than when
formed in a hot solution.
When you have a light covering of
crystals that completely envelops the ar
ticles, remove cheerfully and allow it to
drip for 12 hours. These baskets make
a unique ornament and long preserve
their freshness. Popular Science News.
A Illce Diet.
'I don't know but I shall take to eat
ing with chopsticks soon." said a Spring
field paterfamilias the other day. ''We've
got to living on rice at our house. My
little girl goes to cooking school, and her
mother says unless she can practice
what she is taught the instruction will
be of no use to her. They've been hav
ing half a dozen lessons on what to do
with rice, and now we have rice at every
meal. We've rung the changes on rice
soup, rice pudding, snowballs, rice
cakes, rico fritters, rice gems and apples
and rice till I wonder I'm not jabbering
the lingo of a heathen Chinese' Spring
ReYolt Acaini.t Jlouud Feet.
Tie Bridgman Schcol For Girls at Pe
king has recently determined to re
ceive no more girls with bound feet.
The native Christians at Peking, as the
result of an enthusiastic meeting, have
formed an anti foot binding society.
Daily Advertiser 50c. per month
Saved My Wife's Life
Weakness, Nervousness, Salt
John IT. Jone
Of my own free will and accord, unbiased bj
anyone, and wishing only to do good to the
afflicted, I wish t tell of the good qualities c!
Hood's Sarsaparllla and Hood's 11113. I think
there are no medicines equal to them, and bar
proved their merit by experience in my own
family. My wife, llachel. has been afflicted
with weakness, nervousness, end salt rheum. 1
spent nearly all that I had of this world's goods
for doctor's bills and medicine until wo decided
to try Hood' a Sarsaparllla. It undoubtedly
Saved My Wife From tho Crave.
The salt rheum has entirely healed and she U
restored tm jtood henlth. I have many
friends and relatives in the east who will b
glad to know that
nas cured my
wife." Join w. Jones.
HOOD'8 PlLLS rth best after-dinner rill,
Mtlit digestion, car headache. Try box. Ve.
HOB HON, NEWMAN & CO.,
Oi'66 WaOLKSALR AliKNTft
Union Partyofthe Hawaiian Islands
For the promotion of the best in
terests cf all the people of the
Hawaiian Islands and for the organ
ization of a party having only this
object in view, the following is
adopted as a declaration of the
principles upon which the organiza
tion to be known as the "Union
Party" is to be established, and npon
this platform we invite the co-operation
of every friend of good govern
ment. 1st. Repbesentative Government
The Union Party is unalterably
opposed to any form of monarchical
Government in the Hawaiian Islands,
and declares its foil allegiance to the
Provisional Government, endorsing
the proposal for a constitutional con
vention looking to the extension of
popular representation in the Gov
ernment. 2d. Political Union We declare
our leading principles to be the
accomplishment of a political union
with the United States of America
and the maintenance of a stable and
3d. Public Lands We favor
such legislation as will promote the
occupancy of all public lands, includ
ing those heretofore known as
'crown lands," by small holders, and
foster the development of varied in
dostries, believing it to be of vital
importance that "many acres"
should be for "many men."
4th. Citizens' Rights We de
clare that all citizens are equal be
fore the law and we are opposed to
monoplies or privileged classes,
favoring participation in the govern
ment by every loyal citizen.
5th. Labor We favor such legis
lation us will substitute American,
Portuguese and other European
immigration, for Asiatic immigration,
thus securing a class of immigrants
for labor puposes which will
ultimately be of permanent value to
the country as settlers.
Gth. Public Works We favor the
immediate establishment of a com
prehensive f-ysteni of public improve
ments that shall be of permanent val
ue to the country and afford needed
employment to the laboring classes,
but we declare against importation
of labor and material of any kind
whatsoever for use on public works
which can be obtained in the home
market, and materials which must
be obtained from abroad should be
obtained through local dealers in
7tb. Public offices we noici
that no person should occupy any
position of trust or profit under the
Government who is not loyal to the
8th. Prison Labor We oppose
the employment of prison labor in
any mechauical pursuits.
9th. Tax System We favor a re
vision of the tax sytsem whereby all
property, improved and unimproved,
shall be taxed on an equitable basis.
Election of Officers.
C. BREWER Sc COMPANY,
4 T THE ANNUAL MEETING OF
a the C Brewer fc Company, (LM.)
held this day, the following raix.ed were
elected as its otSeers for the ensuirn;
year, viz :
P. C. Jones, Eq President
Geo. II. Robertson, Kq Manager
E-F. Bishop S5rr1
Col. W. F Allen... Auditor
C. M. Cooke, beq )
II. Waterhouse, Esq J- Directors
E. F. KISHOP,
Secretary, C. Brewer & Company, LM.
Honolulu, February 7, 104.
T.tc ":li)!?fr'i,i"'M" ',r'
Hardware, Builders and General,
al-trays r.p la tl c times in quality, style and prices.
a'full assortment to suit the various ilemanrl .
made expressly for Island wort with extra parts.
Cultivater's Cans Knives.
Hoes, Shovels, Forks, Xattocks, etc., etc
and Machinists' Tools
Screw Plates, Taos End Dies, Twist Drills,
Paints and Oils, Brushes, Glass,
Asbestos Hair Felt and Fell ilixture.
Blake's Steam Pumps,
SEWitIG MAGiiiiuS, Wilcox Gilifcs, sna Remington.
Lubricating Oils '" quali,y nty 8l!rpase1
General Merchandise, tj? weehave!
there is anything: you want, come and ask for it. von will be
politely treated. No trouble to show oods.
Give the Baby
"for and He&f Fnnrl
s mi f a
TRADElOKrVt; Tt LABOR Air ar.
BENSON, SMITH & CO.,
Hobicson iiiock. Hotsi Suceu
ELEGANT DESIGNS JN
WICKER WAKE, ANTIQUE OAK,
BEDROOM SUITS, CHEFFONIERS,
SIDE-BOARDS, ETC., ETC., ETC.
tSgfM'atting laying a specialty. All orders attended to.
EF" BELL TELEPHONE 525.
EL E. McIIS1 T
Groceries, Provisions and Feed
KA8T COREIt FOKT A
lew (iood? received by every pa-i--t from the fcaterti scutes and Europe.
Fres California Produce ly bvctv teau:er All order? faithfully attended to, and
.yede delivered to an par: of th- frnf of charge . an. 4 orders solicited.
Satisfaction guaranteed Post Office Hi No. lib. Telephone v.. 92.
PER BARK C.
BABY CARRIAGES of all styles.
CARPETS, RUGS, and
6 ETomseliold 99 Sewins Machines I
Hand Sewing Machines, all with the latest improvements.
Also on hand
Wesf.ermayer's Celebrtttw! Cottage Pianos
Parlor Organs, Guitars and other Musical Icstruments.
t3""For sale by
ED. HOFFSCIILAEGER & CO ,
King Street, opposite Castle c CooKe.,
A Perfect Nutriment
for growing Children,
and tho Aged, and
In Acute Illnrfts and
all Wasting Diseases
for Hand-fed Infants.
OUIl BOOK for the instruction
of mothers, "The Care and Feed
ing of InCants,"will be malledree
to any address, upon request. .
DOLf BER-GOODALC COZ,
DO-VON, MASS., U.S. A.
for tlie Hawaiian. iKlantls.
beutea Fort 'd Nuihed.
MlA.Ii i NG.
tSar MUTUAL 645.
5TRE & BRO.,
N I KING STKEEIP.
MATS in tho latest patterns,
The best tuid biggest
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in favor ol annexation,,
first, last and aP the
Represents all business-
interests and all sec
tions of the Iplandu
Gives the best value to-
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The largest and most
general circulation in
the Hawaiian Islands.
The most thrifty and
desirable class of read
ers, a great many of
whom take no other
Need and deserve your
subscription and adver
tisement and will give
youithe worth of your
Gazelle Publishing Company,