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fijitmr TI AV , nn r ill l 5 f; ; Established July , : 85G. VOIi. XX.. JNO. I3S-I2. HOINOIUXTJ. HAWAIIAN ISIiAXDS, PKIDAY. NOVEMBER. 2, 1S91. PRICE: 5 CENTS. I 7J HA j i iv II If III Business CariJs. The Hawaiian Safe Deposif INVESTMENT COMPANY O tiers for 8al ut it Uaruain, 50 SHARES KADDKU STOCK 50 Shares Hawaiian Sugar Com pany Stock. as Shares People's Ice Stock. fi7"Cash paid for Government Bond3, all issuer. 3S24-lw C. BREWER & CO, LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, H. J. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Suear Co., Honoaoa Sugar Co., Wailukn Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Matee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pala Ranch. m x Planters' Line San Francisco rackets. Chas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board cf Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jones President Geo. II. Robertson Manager E F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor C.M.Cooke ) H. WATEBHOU8E...V .... Directors C. L. Cabteb ) Castle & Cooke, LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OP BOSTON. tna Fire Insurance Company OF IIARTFORD. National Iron Works QUEEN STREET, Between Alaiea and Richard Streets. THE UNDERSIGNED ARE PRL pared to make all kinds ol Iron, Brass, Bronze. Zinc and Lead Castings; also a general Repair Shop for Steam Engines, Rice Mills, Corn Mills, A ater Wheels, Wind Mills, etc.; Machines for the cleaning of Coffee, Castor Oil Beans. Ramie, Sisal, Pineapple Leaves and other fibrous plants ; also, Machines for Paper Stock, Machines for extracting Starch from Maniock, Arrow Root, etc. lE'All orders promptly attended to. White, Eitman & Co. 342-tf M. E. Grossman, D J).S. D K2STTIST, n hctil sTam. Business Cariis.-. The Hawaiian Investment Co. .NEGOTIATES LOANS ON Eeal Estate and Personal Property STOCKS AND BONDS BOUGHT AND SOLD. rCT-If you have Real Estate for Sale we can find you a purchaser. EjCFIl you have Houses for Rent we can find tenants. GENERiL REAL ESTATE AGENTS i3 and 15 Kaahumanu Street, Mutual Telephone 639. NearPostoffice. i U. A. LUrLx, I N O T A II Y PUBLIC I 15 Kaahumanu st. Telephone 639. 3Sll-6m C. B. RIPLT2Y, ARTHUR REYNOLDS, ARCHITECTS. 0k7Ick New ?afe Deposit Building, U.OSOL.V1.V, H. I. Plana. Specifications, and Superintend- ence given lor every description oi uoiia. lng. Old Bulliins successfully remodelled and enlarged. Designs for Interior Decorations. Maps or Mechanical Drawing, Tracing, and Blueprinting. ffjyDrawings for Book or Newspaper IJlnstration. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Mattihq oy all Kthdb, Manila Cigaks. WING WO CHAN & CO. No. 8 Nuuanik t-rvtl. S51-q The New Jewelry Store 003 Fort Street, ARX PREPARED TO MANUFACTURE ANY- TIXINQ IN TZLKIB LINE. Souvenir Spoons'! a specialty. Also, on hand a fine stock of imported JEWELEY. KVERYTniKO IN THE LATE8T DESIGNS. Syisland orders promptly attended to. P. O. BOX 2S7. MUTUAL TELEPHONE 463. 3 A.. fOTSONj PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, TO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf HUSTACE & C6. Dealers us WOOD AND COAL Alfo White and Black Sand which we will eell at the very lowest market rates. kj Bell Telsfhoe No. 414. Zj, Mcttl Telephone No. 414. THE Merchants' Exchange Will receive by the Australia this morning A PKESII INVOICE OF ENTERPRISE BEER ! ALSO- OYSTERS FOR COCKTAILS 1 3S03-tf The Daily Advertiser, 75 cents a t. TkallvorAl hv Currier? Dushicss OTariJs. Viavi Remedies. ILLUSTRATED TALKS EVERY Saturday at 3 p. m., at Viavi ofiice, King stieet, by Mrs. C. Galloway. 3S14 1593-tf WILLIAM FOSTER, Attorney at Law, REMOVED to no. 42 MERCHANT street. Mutual Tel phone 380. 380S-lm A nx, A TTORMFV AT T ,AW Ami iarjr x uu"r Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-ly WILLIAM C. PARSE, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW A.gnt to tako Aeknowlftdgmtnu. Ofiic No. 13 Kaahumanu Streot, Hcno- luiu, a, i. H. R. HITCHCOCK, Notary Public, Second Judiciary Circuit II. I., KALUAAHA, MOLOKAI. "S04-3m HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and GlaSSWare 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT 8TREET, OPPOSITE WILDER fc CO.'s H. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, boda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. "OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Requisites a specialty. CITY -:- CARRIAGE -:- COMPANY Corner Itlng and ISetliel Streets. Carriages at all Hours ! gGTMSoth Telephones 113. 3713-tf J. 8. ANDRADE, Manager. E0N0LULU IR0I3 WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Hotter, Nngar 51 II Is, Cooler, JCravz and X.eact Castlus, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships blacEsmithing. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. lewis & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Vox 297. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lnmfcer And all Kinds of Building Materials. y 83 rORT BTKEET) HONOLULU JOHN T. WATERHOUSE, Importer tafi Delsr tb OENERAL 1TSE02AHD13: NO.S5-31 Qneen dtzeet, Uonolatc . M. W. McCIIESNEY k SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AND DEALERS IX Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. Honolulu Tannery. CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Ccnier Allen and Fort Sta. HOLLISTER & OO., 3710 l-")S-lv Agents. H. HACKFELD A C0-, General Comraissioij Agents Cor. Fort and Queen Fts., Honolulu. Massage. TBS. TK Y WOULD ASSOUSCi I ' ? Vf cV.rt Trill ?Hor z iTio5lr1 nr- her of ratient3. A it! eg Rt 11. M Whitnoy'?, Kins: st. ; iU Telhrm I SCfi'if ARE GOING HOME TO CELEBRATE, Many Chinese Returning to Their Native Land. NEW YEAR'S DAY IS THE ATTACTION". How They Travel on a Liner Scenes on the Steamship China The Home Going Instinct War Makes no Differ ence Whaterer China to Celebrate. LEASING indeed are thoughts of a "visit home." With that idea governing him a man will accomplish almost anything. There is magic ih the words and inspiration iu the thought. Jvery me romance has its vein telling of effort to make a "visit home." Few men develop themselves without striking out into the world. In the United States men born in one State give their best efforts to the upbuilding of a distant section of the country. The home instinct is strong in man. He may be away from the paternal roof for half a cen tury, but thoughts which cherish the old nest are often uppermost. Half the struggles of more than half the civilized men have in the haze that so frequently surrounds the aim of a life, the picture of a home. A very touching story is told to illus trate the marvellous homing instinct in animals. A fisherman on a bleak coast in the north had a seal for a pet. He became weary of it and carried it far out to sea. In a few days it came back weary and worn, but barking joyfully. The fisherman was a brute. tt hurried out the eves of the seal and sent it out several hundred miles ou a sailing vessel. Weeks elapsea and the animal was forgotten. One morning its dead body was found near the home of the fisherman. Of the VinmA fravpls of birds, horses and doers there are innumerable interesting ac counts. Thp onle of the east were for many years after the modern nations of the onrth hpcan to mix. a familv and a home of themselves. Now they travel all over the world. Almost every na tionality of the earth is represented in Wonnlnhi. ThA United States is a Babel. Nearly all of these wanderers are working in the hope of achieving a triumphant nome-going. it ua nftpn hpen said that the dream of a Chinaman is to return to the flow ery Kingdom with 55000. It is Known that most or tnem are conieni wim u miioh smallpr sum. In America few Chinamen are, according to their own . . t construction, reany away ironi uonie. They get clothing and much food from China and their hones are sent uacK whnn thpv die. The becrinnincr oi tue new year is a crrPRt riftv with the Chinese. By our calendar the next festival occurs about the first of February, .bvery China man celebrates it. in town nere iney will havfl a bier time. All will in dulge in merrv-makiner. Those who havp not been converted to Christian ity will visit the joss houses and wor- shin: nrpsenrs will De excuanjreu. . i . j debts paid and new resolutions made. . - m -ma A 1 Kank in tne ilocKV louniains Bneeiai railwav rates are criven from three states to a nonular ioss house. Kvprv Chinaman who can afford it will make a trip to his native laud for the New Year observation. Th FTP.it Pacific Mail liner, the Chiua. is due here on the 12th. Her nasspnt'er list will include several hiinitn-fl Phinamen ,roiucr home." Preparations are made for this cargo every vear. in November, tue had 1CHMJ Chinamen from the States nnii took on 400 here. ACOUnleof hun- lired will 'd from Honolulu this time. Mr. Girviu, clerk in the foreign omce, ia mnlcinc out the naners which will .". . .. -TT- " permit the men to return to xiawau u they wish. A leading memberot the coiony was niked this mnrniutr. if the war would make any difference in the celebration of the new year'.- an vent in vuiua. .Mil SIT SlU. U3 IUC iAlIO v Tl . Peonle don't understand about this war. Whv, only one province oi liiiuu 1 - . is doing anytliing t.gain95 the Japan ese. Thai province rorref-powdstoone of the f tHtt-s of the American union. The rpwiMirrt-s of mvviuntrv in men and nioin'V a:o s-: va? tliat people of i sm:ill ;i:m1 V( I1I'l' UMtJOil Cannot 1111 riprtainl iiicin. Cnina i- old and rich and Hweiful. .She lui'i high eivil- ization long heft She knew" war re t tie clni.stian era. iiff:e so.ne nutiocs that now think thev can n .'ht, weie born. China A ill win. Dot.'ots atout the outcome will not interl.-re witii Him i-t-TnlirRt Jmi ' A gentleman who traveled nu the China on her "vacation" liiplast year, savs the pKssenirer were a de cided! v "interesting loi. Hefore the liner was well cut. of Sn Francisco harhor half a dozen opium dens and a score of gambling "joints" were in full blast. These are against company I regulations of course, ut ine ninese wouia not patronize me mi- iinic.?- thev could amu-e themselves as they liked. Liquor was sold in bottles. One Chinaman lost $1500 and landed penniless. Many others, who had but a few hundred dollars, gambled away the last cent. The same scenes will no doubt be enacted on this voyage. THE LABOR COMMISSION. The Initial Meeting Held Yester day for Preliminary Work. The Commissioners appointed under the Act of August 16, 1S94, to examine the labor question, met yesterday afternoon at the private office of Hon. W. O. Smith. The Commissioners are W. N. Arm strong, chairman ; H. W. Sever ance, John Emmeluth, T. B. Mur ray and J. M. Vivas. The provisions of the bill were considered at some length, and the questions of gathering information, the appointment of a secretary and the forms of circulars containing questions to be issued were also considered. Mr. Armstrong 6tated that it wa3 quite doubtful whether he could serve on the commission, as ne mieht be called away to the States at anv moment, but he would assist in the preliminary work of the commission. The commission adjourned, sub ject to the call of the chairman. BASE BALL. Game and Other Attractions at Kamehameha Saturday. The Daisies and Twilights, rival student nines, will play ball at the Kamehameha grounds at 3 o'clock tomorrow afternoon. Everybody is invited to come out and witness the game. The boys have been practicing, and a good game is ex pected. Kamehameha generally plays "good ball." From 1 to 6 the workshops will be in operation for the benefit of visitors. The museum will be onen from 2 to 5 p. m. A number ot marked improve ments have lately been made about the grounds. NEW DEAL IN HAWAII. The Planters Want to Have a Pro tectorate Instead of Annexation. The movement to annex Hawaii to this country appears to be dying out on its native heath, says the San Francisco Chronicle of October 21st. This is what various sugar men say who have arrived in the city by the loot two or three steamers. One cren- tleman who is close to the centers of influence and authority ac Jtionoiuiu said yeserday that if a treaty of an nexation should be proffered Hawaii ivr fho TTniteo' States Government the coming Hawaiian Senate would re ject it. , . x , rruo. nimncft of nolicv thus indicated seems to have been brought about by the increaseu iear oi uie sugar niameia at ion would deprive them of the cheap labor upon which they rely for the assurance ot meir uig uiv ;nnij Thpv ilo not see how Chinese and other contract la!. or could be had with the United States Jaws opposed to them, and wiinouc sucn moor, mey say, the investments they have made in cane plantations would be worth wimt thv want is an Amercan protectorate which shall not only put them ueyoim uuuci of foreign powers, but will maintain their domestic peace. Tho Sonntp. in which so much con ia nlaned bv the sugar men. is not vet in existence, nor have candi- . . it. 1. i ,i ,1 dates for it so iar as mo latest au chow been named. It is cer tain, however, that the upper house will be in the nanus oi iue juauiei, oQ iIiav control seven of the eijrht isl ands of the Hawaiian group. These islands, in their political siguiuuance, n tiio TTawaiian Busrar-meo what "rotten burroughs" used to be to the landed magnates oi ureac uniaiu. "There are germs of trouble in this ofot thinffs." said a well informed Hawaiian yesterday. "The effect of planters' rule has thus far been to bring an enormous number of Chinese and Japanese to the county, many of whom have gone into business and the trades, thus making the lot of the common white man hard. Now these white men all turned out to bear arms for annexation in the heiier mat, i. union with America. Hawaii would become a country in which a white laborer or mechauic could make a living. To find now that their hopes are to be dashed by the very men whom they protected last year from tun vonrpii(fl of the Oueeu. is some- hinrr thpv clo not relish, and which thev may finally resist, l suouiu not be surprised to &ee a union of these men with the native party, which nt!n nearlv ) ner cent, of the to tal voting forrre under the old reirime. V - - ci with the ohieet of trettintr the islands annexed in spite of the sugar oli gnhy. Tt would be odil to see the ex-Koj-alists lighting ror annexation ncrnitict. the element which nreteiided to he for it in 1S03, but stranger things come to pa?s in pontics. OGURA & CO, AFTER BUSINESS. They Will Break Mr. R. W. Irwin's Monopoly. TO ADD TO THE 25,000 JAPANESE. Temi Offered to the rianter ltoml That Laborer Will Keep Con tracts The Nanshan Cargo The Opinion of a Cane Grower. UTY'S call does not seem to reach a large section of the Japanese population. A short time ago that Govern ment made a law per mitting its citizens to emigrate at will. Be fore that laborers were secured from there on Iv with the createst difficulty. Now they can be had by the thousands, me country nas a passport system aud keeps track of everv man. Collector-General Castle says that their records are right up to . . . nB 1 A. J the times, rney nave complete uata, on births, marriages and deaths, trrjl There are now unwards of 25.000 Japanese laborers In Hawaii. ' Their merchants have wholesale anu retail businesses throughout the group. In many lines they have driven out the Chinese. Rneakincr of the canro of tue JNan- shan, a prominent planter said yes terday: ... . "Ogura & Co. are alter some oi mat, business that It. W. Irwin has been monopolizing. He has made a for tune handling Japanese laborers and the importing tirm believes n can uo well. Here is their offer to planters." The circular is headed, "A new plan under which Japanese laborers are to be introduced into iawaii." it reaus: "1st Pasaacre monev from Japan to Honolulu, for each male laborer, is to be paid by the planter at the rate of $30, and for each female $20. "2nd. vvages for each maie l.ou per month, and for each female, if she works, $7.50 per montn, eacu mourn to be 2G working days, anu at, a iiKe rate for any part or parts of a month. . . Z A 1 - 11 1 "3ru. u.uu per montu kuuii ue re tained by the planter from the month ly wftcea of each male laborer for a rerio1 of 15 months from the date of signing, and such sums to be turned over to 11. Ogura & uo., mommy, anu by them deposited ina-bankof sav ings, as trustee for the laborers, and can be used by Ogura & Co. to reim- burse the planter, only wnen satisiac tory proof be furnished that the laborer has deserted his contract ; upon such proof being given Ogura & Co. will Indemnify the planter ior tue penou oi the rontraet which mav remain un finished, at the rate of 83J cents per - r 1 A month lor eacn maie, anu ooi ceius per month for each female. If the iniorr serves his full time, or is hon orably discharged, or the contract is mutually cancelled, ne can uraw me full sum placed to his credit. "4th. The planter shall, in addi tion, retain $1.00 monthly from such wages for each male, and 50 cents for each female. Such sums to be turned over to Ogura & Co. monthly, and be by them deposited in a oauK or sav ings, as trustees. This sum will only he available unon the departure of the laborer from the country, and is for the purpose or securing return pas sage. T.th. Ocura &, Co.. for the privi lege of furnishing laborers, will file a bond, or give some -tner guarantee, so that the planter' f-hall be secured from los3 throuzh d sertion, on ac count of the passage money paid by them in advance. mis can ue con sidered in the light of labor insur ance. After fifteen months of service the laborer becomes his own bondsman throutrh the accumulation of $30. The amounts to be returned to the planter are stated in bection .. "fth. The term of contract shall bo for three years, from the date of sign ing. The laborer will be contracted for on arrival Thev will leave Janan as free men and women, and be sub ject, on arrival, to Hawaiian laws, as regards contracts, wnen tuey are con tracted for. 7tli Planters will lie reouired to pay all personal taxes, provide unfur nished lodgings, nre-woou, and an necessary inedical attendance iree or charge." "Are these terms inviting?" "Yes. thev are the best ever offered to cane srrowers. Some planters ure afraid of the laborers, though. They have too much spirit ihey organize aud agitate, and are always finding fault. Some plantations g-t along with them well enough. e prefer Portuguese or Chinese. "Ogura A Co. furnish a hoik!, condi tioned ttiat the men will carry out their contracts. Mr. Irwin never did this. In addition to asure'y given by A A Ogura fc Co., we have tneiawmai punishes deserters from service. Ito han has made one importation and may bring some more, ugura s uo. say that they will promptly furnish all the men that are wanted " The Japanese brought by the Nan shan were released from quarantine yesterday. Those under contract will be taken direct from the quarantine station to cane fields. The free Jap anese Immigrants came up town. There were onlv a few of them. 111 t. fi - 5-0ric Jlocaa 9 a. . to 4 r. u.