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Established July , ISSG. VOIj. XX.. .NO. 388. IICXNOILJXTJ. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. FKIDAY, ZS O VEMUEK 9, 1S94. PRICE: 5 CENTS. 4 3- I) Business (Tartis. The Hawaiian Safe Deposit AND' INVESTMENT COMPANY Offers for Sale at a Barzain 50 SHARES KABUKU STOCK 50 Shares Hawaiian Sugar Com pany Stock. 35 Shares People's Ice Stock. tCash paid for Government Bonds, all issues. 3324-1 w C. BREWER & CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, H. J. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomn Sugar Co., Wailuku Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pala lianch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets. Chas. Brewer & Co.'a Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jones President Geo. II. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and 8ecy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor C. M. Cooks ) H. Waterhouse . . . .... Directors C. L. Cabteb ) Castle & Cooke, LIFE AND FIRE Ml? AfiflNFFS AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON. tna Fire Insnrance Company OF HARTFORD. National Iron Works QUEEN STREET, Between Alakea and Richard Streets. THE UNDERSIGNED ARE PRE pared to make all kinds of Iron, Brass, Bronze. Zinc and Lead Castings; also a general Repair Shop for Steam Engines, Rice Mills, Corn Mills, Water Wheels, Wind 31111s, etc.; Machines for the cleaning of Coffee, Castor Oil Beans. Ramie, Sisal, Pineapple Leaves and other fibrous plants ; also, Machines for Paper Stock, Machines for extracting Starch from Maniock, Arrow Root, etc. X3All orders promptly attended to. White, Bitman & Co. 3428-tf M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. JD iCZLSTTIST, 98 EOTIL 8TRKT. liiuuiiiinuii jKT-Orio llouaa & a. . to 4 p. . Business (Tar lis:. The Hawaiian Investment Co, .NEGOTIATES LOANS ON Eeal Estate and Personal Property STOCKS AND BONDS BOUGHT AND SOLO. f you have Real Estate tor Sale we can find you a purchaser. f you have Houses for Rent we can find tenants. GENERAL REAL ESTATE AGENTS 13 and 15 Kaahumsnu Street, Mutual Telephone 639. NearPostofEce. C. A. LONG, NOTARY PUBLIC 15 Kaahumanu st. Telephone G3D. 3Sll-6m C. B. RIPLEY, ARTHUR REYNOLDS, ARCHITECTS. Office New Safe Deposit Building, Honolulu, H. I. Plans, Specifications, and Superintend ence given for every description of Build ing. Old Buildings successfully remodelled and enlarged. Designs for Interior Decorations. Maps or Mechanical Drawing, Tracing, and Blueprinting. rS-D rawing 8 for Book or Newspaper Illustration. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; - Matte? a or all Kinds, Manila Ciqabs. WING WO CHAN & CO. No. 2 Nuuanu Btrt. 283 1-q The New Jewelry Store S03 Fort Street, ARB PBEPABED TO MANUFACTURE ANY THING IN THE IB LINE. Souvenir Spoons1! a specialty. Also, on hand a fine stock of imported JEWELRY. KVEBYTHTNQ IN THE LATEST DESIGNS. J&Island orders promptly attended to. P. O. BOX 2S7. MUTUAL TELEPHONE 46S. E. A. JACOBSON PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, 2STO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf HUSTACE & C6. Dealers in WOOD AND COAL Alao White and Black Sand which we will sell at the very lowest market rates, IXJ'Bmll Tilbphoks No. 414. SyMuTCL Telephone- No. 414. 3493-ly THE Merchants' Exchange "Will receive by the Australia this morning A FKESII INVOICE OF ENTERPRISE BEER ! ALSO- OYSTERS FOR COCKTAILS ! asos-tf The Daily Advertiser, 75 cents a moatb Delivered by Carrier? "Dusmess ari)s. Viavi Remedies, ILLUSTRATED TALKS EVERY Saturday at 3 p. m., at Viavi office, King street, by Mrs. C. Gal'owav. 3314 1503-tf WILLIAM FOSTER, Attorney at Law, REMOVED TO NO. 42 MERCHANT STREET. "Mutual Tel phone 3S0. 3S08-lm A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Eank. . 3692-ly WILLIAM C. PARKE, ATTORNEY -AT -LAW ASD gant to tako Aeknovrladgmanta. OrriCE No. 13 Kaahumanu Street. Hono- lnln.H.I. H. R. HITCHCOCK, Notary Public, Second Judiciary Circuit II. I., KALUAAIIA, MOLOKAI. 3804-3m HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT STREET, OPP08ITE WILDER A CO.'S II. J". NOLTE, Proprietor. Firet-clasa Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. "OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Requisites a specialty. CITY -:- CARRIAGE -:- COMPANY Corner King; and Ilethel Streets. Carriages at all Hours ! GT-Both Telephones 113. 3713-tf J. S. ANDRADE, Manager. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Eoileri, Nagar M11U, Coolers, Eraaa and Lead Castings, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithin g. Job work exented on the shortest notic. lewis & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. F. O. Box 297. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT STREET, HONOLULU JOHN T. WATERHOUSE, Importer and Otklur in QENHSAL MS HO II AND IS E. Nc. 35-31 Queen Stieet, Honolulu M. W. MeCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS ASD DEALERS Hf Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. Honolulu Soap Works Co., fl.ur.HIO Honolulu Tannery. CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Comer Allen and Fort Sis. HOLLISTER & CO., 3710 1 553-1 v Agents. H. HACKFELD a CO . General Commission Agent Cor. Fort and Queen sts., Honolulu. Massage, VIES. PP.Y WOULD ANNOUNCE 1JL that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. AJdrees at H. M. Whitcey'a, King et. ; Bell Telephone 75 3S2S-tf IN BEHALF OF THE LITTLE ONES, Glorious Mission of the Effective Kindergarten System. DOING GRANDLY IN EVERY CLIME. A Letter On the Subject From a Hono lulu Teacher-Some Fractical Infor mation is Given The Far-lZeachinje Flan of a Lady Philanthropist. DUCATIOX OF tiie very young is now more than ever engaging the attention of those in school and humanitarian Ul-V-J r work. A few years ago this writer interviewed- Miss Kate Drexell,a Philadelphia young lad' of high culture and enormous wealth. She had just then become wedded to the Catholic Church. She was the head of a sisterhood and was known simply as Mother Katherine. At that time she had just then inaugurated an extensive mission work at the Wind River Indian reservation, south of the Yellowstone National Park. More than $100,000 in preliminary work and building had been expended. "How are you going to civilize these Indians ?" was asked. "I am going to get their little children into our kindergartens. That is the only way to civilize the tribes. Every other method has failed. We will thus go to the root of the evil, as it were." Mother Kathrine, like all per sons of advanced thought is an en thusiastic advocate of the kinder garten. Following is a treatise upon this subject from the pen of a Honolulu teacher. It is interesting and practical : Kindergarten education is one of the most beautiful achievements of this century. And the free kindergar ten movement is the flowering of the wonderful plant, whose reed was ger minated in the soul of that "apostle of childhood," Froebel about sixty years ago. Jjq beginning an article on this sub ject to awaken thought in the minds ofthe mothers, sisters, daughters, and lady teachers of our islands, I trust the words may be of interest and be read also by fathers, brothers and sons. My object i3 to state in a condensed form, the system of kindergarten edu cation, and to awaken the desire in many women to investigate this sub ject for the sake of their own chil dren, and to enlist young ladies to take the course of study for kinder garten teaching.. The day may yet arrive when a young lady's education will scarce be considered complete without some knowledge of kinder garten methods. I may be pardoned iu extracting freely from the most interesting Four teenth Annual Report of the Golden Gate Kindergarten Association. Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, the founder, iu an add i ess delivered last year to Chris tian workers, explains her own incep tion of this work in San Francisco as follows: "The Divine teacher when upon the earth took a little child, and set him in the midst saying, 'whosoever receiveth a little child in my name, receiveth me.' The little child has been left standing in our midst too long. The world is just be ginning to understand that the little child is the important factor in this universe; that the quickest, surest route to Christian manhood is over the old-fashioned turnpike road, 'train up a child in the way he should go.' Believing this with all my heart I turned ihe thought of my class, Mrs. Cooler, as it is well-known is the teacher of a large Bible class in Sau Francisco, of both ladies and gentle men, numbering always a hundred or more -onje fourteen years ago, to kindergarten work among the poor waifs ot the by-ways and alleys, chil dren from three to six years of age, too young to enter th public schools, but not toi3oung to leant the entire vocabulary of wicke lne- from their older compters i:i the street.-; chil dren of brutal father- ami mothers, children of yic and crime growing up to become candidates for our prisons and penitential ie, 'the flotsam and jet-am on the wild mad sea of life,' children who ! tve no childhood, and none to call them by dear names, who have almost for gotten the kuack of play. Among just such children as these the members of my Bible class began their successful work. From that time to the present over 16,000 children have been gathered into kindergartens, no less than thirty- seven having been organized during this period." It is well known in Honolulu that an enterprise of this kind has been established this year with Queen Emma ball for its headquarters, and that an able, trained Kindergartner, Miss Hannah E. Eastman, one of Mrs. Cooper's own choice workers has been secured to aid us as organizer. The four successful minor kindergartens already established in the years 1S92-3, for the Hawaiians, Portuguese, Chi nese and Japanese, have been placed under her supervision; while the fifth free kindergarten, for the children of American, English, German and peo ple of various nationalities has been opened under Miss Eastman's particu lar teaching. She has a training class for teachers which includes all the teachers al ready employed in our mission schools, as of necessityT In beginning the work we could not secure teachers who had taken the regular course. And it is to awake the desire of others to know and possibly enter this class in future that this article is prepared. To give a little idea of what kinder garten teaching is, and how It lays foundations for future work, I con dense exceedingly the programme of the two years course laid down for teachers in the Golden Gate Associa tion. 1. Observation and Work First Year. Games and songs with form gifts, by which the square, rectangle, oblong and circle are all made familiar to the little eye, with recognition of angles. By form gift is meant, that after the children have learned all these things, they receive as their own the article that gave the lesson. 2. Observation and Work Second Year. Analysis of the cube in the fifth and sixth gifts. Much combina tion and practice in making all these forms in clay and paper. 3. Modeling and Drawing First Year. Automatic exercises lor both hands in games, songs and dictation. Tracing outlines with hands and fin gers and with pencils. Cardboard sewing. Drawing simple objects con structed in the kindergarten. 4. Second Year. Drawing from simple forms in nature and art. Out lining and shading. Modeling in clay and sand. 5. Color Work First Year. Color and rainbow games. Recognition of the standard prism colors. Matching colors. Second Year. Selecting col ors in nature and art. Testing the children's color perceptions. Water coloring, after nature, fruit and flowers. t. Number Vork First Year. Number game with beads,' blocks, sticks and reeds to develop the idea of one and more than one. Counting in groups of twos, threes, fours and fives. By the end of the first year children should be brought up to ten or twelve in numbers. 7. Number Work First Year. Giving and guessing games. Devel oping in simple ways formation of numbers in groups of twos, threes, fours and on to higher numbers, counting backwards and forward. Dividing and selling with toy money. 8. Size and Dimension First Year. Training of eye in size, length and width ; accuracy of the aim. Second J rear Weight and measure by object essons and practice in inches, feet, and lifting different weights. 9. Life and Nature. Lessons and talks on plants, flowers; observations and stories on animals all to develop a direct love and sympathy in the child; lessons on the human frame from their own bodies. 10. Locality and Geography. Talks on earth and sky; develop ideas of right and left, in direction, and the points of the compass ; observation on the locality of the homes ; on rivers, lakes, earth, air, sky. 11. Physical and Chemical Proper ties. Recognizing plants, animals, and minerals; simple experiments; making cabinets of natural objects. 12. Training in morals and polite ness by talks, s-tories and influence. 13. Biography and history. 14. Language, free hand drawing and writing. 15. Physical training. It is evident from this brief review of the course for kindergartners that it is no trifling affair to be a successful teacher, and that the course for chil dren is an education as well as pas time. In the words of one article in the valuable report already alluded to : "It goes without saying that there must be good, moral character, sincere love for children, and an enthusiasm for teaching; also, good, firm health to he a successful kindergartner." Yet it i3 hoped that this "enthu siasm for humanity" may spread, and that many who cannot devote them selves to teaching may catch this spirit at home, and that those who have means may help in the establish ment of the Free Kindergarten on all these islands. It is earnestly desired to form a mothers' class, which may meet occa sionally and have the benefit of lec tures on kindergarten methods, illus trated by the educated movements of the little ones in classes; but this must be developed in the future. Such classes are now quite a feature of this kindergarten work in Chicago and other cities. A Teacher. The Social. There was an uousually large attendance for the regular monthly eficial at the Central Union Church pirlt-r.s la-t night. Refreshments were served and the following ex cellent programme rendered : Piano Solo Miss Greene Vocal Solo Miss Dice Original Poem : "The Legend of Rainbow Falls" Miss Kinney Vocal Solo Miss Axtell THE OFFICERS WERE CONVICTED. Klemme and Cordes Must Pay the $50 Fine Each. MULLER "WANTED TO DROP THE CASE. Story Toltl on the Stand Statement and Denials An International Massacre of the Language Other Cases in the Circuit Conrt. In the case of the Republic against Carl Klemme and Gus Cordes, the Circuit Court has aflirmed the decision ofthe District Magistrate. A jury trial on the charge of assault and battery re sulted in a conviction. The fines of $50 each were paid by the offi cers. Kaulukou appeared for the defense, and Deputy Attorney General Robertson prosecuted. There was quite a crowd in the court room during the trial. These gentlemen were the jurors : J. W. Robertson, C.V. Sturdevant, J. M. Webb, Jas. Torbert, J. C. Quinn, C. B. Gray, Peter High, George Gray, William L. Hopper, C. F. Wolfe, W. H. Smith, J. M. Tracy. The transcript of the evidence in the District Court was in the hands of the prosecution. Witnesses who tested orally for the Government yesterday were Muller and three native policemen. The defendants made statements for themselves. One of the witnesses for the defense was not used this time. Mr. Rob ertson was prepared to attack his credibility. Muller wanted to " drop " the prosecution. He so stated in court. The Government insisted on proceeding. The testimony was to the effect that Klemme and Cordes jumped on Muller at the main entrance to the police station and used him roughly. Klemme declared that he believed Muller was about to draw a pistol on him and use it. He had been told that Muller was armed. Cordes, who is lieutenant of the mounted police, came to the aid of his captain. He said he interfered when he saw Muller chewing Klemme's fiDger. He said he did not strike Muller at all ; only shoved him. There had been bad blood be tween Klemme and Muller about the politics of the Schuetzen Club. Muller says that on the street one day Klemme said to him : "I will blow your brains out." Muller had then asked permission of the authorities to arm himself, but this was denied. Klemme and Cordes made a strong point of the fact that Muller had sent them a threatening mes sage through John L Xavier. The latter, it appears, was playing a double game. He was associating with Muller to get information for Klemme. Muller proposed to Xavier: "You go and tell Klemme that I am carrying a pistol for him. He will then ar rest me. Of course I will not be armed and I can then sue him for damages." Xavier testified to this in the District Court. Another in cident of the feud was that Muller's room at a lodging house was searched by a mounted policeman one night without a warrant. With Kaulukou's attempt to con duct the case in English and the linguistic imperfections of several witnesses, the trial abounded in beautiful specimens of the pure and undefiled as "she is spoke." At one stage of the trial Corte3 was making quite an address to the jury. The deputy attorney gen eral called a halt on the orator. England's Policy a Failure. The London Post has the follow ing editorially on the cable and Neckar island : "England's policy in the Pacific never has been a success. Now we have to humble ourselves to the Sand wich islands. Whether the Colonies knew Xeckar island was Hawaiian territory or not when they sent their messages to the Colonial Secretary in London, they committed a great blun der in making them public. It is largely due to the unusual course of the Colonies that we are placed in this unfortunate position."