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TILE PACUflC CQaOLEKClAX. ADVEKTISEB: HO-NOIiUIiU, XOVEMBJin L'O. 1S94.
a " " i STORY OF A LIBRARY. ARTISTIC 31 ANTE I.S. Xcc? tftoriuc;neits I - s ) IROVVTH Or BOSTON'S FINE COLLEC TION OF LITERARY TREASURES, rh" inxblle Library M t onndrl YiTZj Yearn Ato ami I Now Houmm1 la One of the Finest IlalldinH In the World. rmoui Libraries, Ancient and Modern Boston rejoic- over hor new public li trary, th hand?onit xli2co in Masa fclusctts, and the beat for its purposo ycc fcmpleted in th? United States, contain ing cw,w'J or men? rxn;:iu volumes ana SCO, 000 pamphlets and manuscripts which toother make t!:. Iur's? library ia. the Cnitt.il St.it.-s. Its hl.-tory is almost a.? fascinating as arc.T.anv. In IS 41 the city tognn to bo ash.injodof haTin no library. tnd a little Iat'-r Marc- Jo.-,Iah Qu;nc7 cHervd a cif: ! ".0" ) to start one if th. tato would civf ?!,'''.:. It was not donr, but in the ! -i-Iatur- authorized th- city to bulla, an i Jan. I. tiio new Luildir. was d viirattd ;t a o-t of ?3oO,- KoU rt Wirsthmp and Kdward Kvervtt mado in-pirin spches and the city prid ed bers If on having don? so much, but in 12 years th fpaco was found inadequate and an addition was made. 1 inally a new Luildin UraiLo a necessity, and now a structar' covering 1. acres, exclusive cf the frracd court within and paving four acres of Loor space, is completed at a cost. ground included, of f 2,21SSG3. The struc ture will bo without a rival in lt3 line till the new one at Wa-shLntcn is completed and it will b several years before that will excrtnl this in volumes which mav bo counted real KK)ks, for though the con- frrcrfslonal library bad. In IS 00, 005,13 works, a Iarg proportion consists of public rostON s new rrnuc lidrary. documents and others of the dry as dust order. It is estimated that the Boston structure will shelve 1, 00,000 books. while that at Washington Is calculated for about 4,j00,000. Bostonians think theirs the prettiest li brary building in the world, yet it has about It nothing of the elegant Ionic or graceful Corinthian, but rises in the state ly beauty of the Florentine school. It is beautiful in it3 grandeur, sober dignity and harmony of proportions. The material is -Minora granite, ana tne general snaae is gray. The lower windows are square and plain, those above gracefully arched and crossed and recrossed by greenisn sashes. Over the three arched entrance are three coats of arms carved In the gray that cf ilassachusetta on the left, Boston's seal on the right and the library seal in the center. Despite the general plainness there Is a great deal of exterior carving in the tone, and across the front just under the eaves is this declaration: : Thrt Public Library cf th City of : ; Botn. built by the pwfjpla and dedi- : t rated to the advancement of learn- : : ' a. d. MxxxLXZXvm. : Inside are the grand hall, reading room and long arcades, where the books are ar ranged on what Is called the "stack" sys tem that Is, on shelves so low that no ladder I needed, and there Is barely room to walk between. The patron, seated at the dek in the main room, consults the catalogue of the subject be wishes to read on, selects the needed volume and Bends the title in on a card. The book comes back on a little railway somewha) like that used In some large stores for cash and return of purchases. This In the first em ployment of this system, and Boston thinks it a brilliant success, as it Is rarely mere than a minute, after the card is sent fa till the bock Is returned. "There wero heroes before Agamem non," and so there were wonderful libraries long before Boston was founded. It was long believed that the first library col lected was that at Thebes, Egypt, by Barn eses II, but wo now know that that was comparatively a modern aiTalr for Egypt. Everybody has heard cf the great libra ry at Alexandria and how its 600,000 vol umes were burned by the Mohammedan conquerors. Constantinople had a library of 120,000 volumes:, which were destroyed In the last wars cf the eastern empire. The Mohammedans at the height of their power and learning had a library in Cairo which their writers asserted to contain 1,600, COO volumes, but tho-5 oriental peo ple are careless about figures. The largest library of today is in Paris and contains about 2,340,000 volumes. Next in their order are the British Mu seum library, with 1,600,000 volumes; the Imperial at St. Petersburg, with over 1,000,000; the Royal at Munich, with near ly 900,000; the Royal at Berlin, with some 500,000; the Imperial at Vienna, with about 600. 000, and scores of others ranging from 100,000 to 400,000. In 1776 the united colonics had but 2J public libraries, containing 43,623 vol umes. In by c2cial count, tho na tion had 3,238 large libraries containing 0,622,073 volumes, and the subsequent growth has been rapid. New Hampshire stands first, with a little more than one public volume to each inhabitant, and Texas last, with one to 22 Inhabitants. Scholars have mourned much over the loss of ancient libraries. There have been three memorable destructions. When the great Inquisition cf witchcraft was made In the latter days cf the Roman empire, hundreds of scholars burned all their books, lest the discovery of a single work cf a heretical nature should endantrer their lives, and the priests followed this by de stroying all the works In typt and Asia Minor which contained any praise of the heathen gods. The sack cf Rome and other cities by the northern Invaders was the occasion of the second great lcs and the destruction of the Alexandrian libra ry in A. D. t'A'X This has ever been esteemed the irreat est loss b-cause the Greek rulers cf Egypt had diligently collected the religious books cf all nations, and the first Greek copy of the Hebrew Scriptures, the Septuagint. was made for that library about 270 B. C. Yet Gibbon has pretty clearly shown that tho loss was not so very great, and that we probably have all of any real value in ancient literature, bcause copies cf the fcc6 books were multiplied, and some em inent scholars have maintained that in all the world there have been only 20 really criminal and valuable books produced, cf which we have every one. J. H. Beadle. The Daily Advertiser month in advance. 75 cents a THERE ARE HUNDREDS OF DESlCNS IN DIFFERENT MATERIALS. What lannf.icturr Are IXln to Make the Opfn 1'ireplaee an Attractive Fea ture Special IeiU4 and Their On tuentatlon The Popular Colonial Jlnn'o!, There aro many manufacturers oi mantels and fireplaces throughout the United States who axe endeavoring to embody every new feature to improve V W c MANTEL IN EHICS, IHON AXD V0Oa . and make the open fireplace one of the most attractive objects in a room. That success in this particular line has been attained is evident to all who inspect the larger showrooms where everything pertaining to the mantel and fireplace is displayed. These rooms contain hun dreds of designs in andirons, fenders. fire sets, linings, screens, artistic wrought iron and steel -work, tile of every description for hearths, facings. floors and various other uses, marbles and compositions as well as every known means of heating from tho smallest room to the largest building. Among a number of designs for man tels depicted by Decorator and Fur nisher is an artistic suggestion workeu out in brick, iron and wood. The shell and top board are of wood, preferably of cax. lno boay part of tne mantel is oi any kind cf brick, speckled or Tiffany brick being a handsome material, or a terra vitria? glazed tile or brick makes a handsome and artistic effect. The cor ner irons and frames are of thin wrought iron, studded every four or five inches with old bolt heads riveted to the bands, with the heads battered a little out of shapo to lend them antique appear ance. The linings to the fireplace may be built of brick, or they may be of iron, as a matter or choice. Ihe brick will be rather more artistic and will receive from the fire an uneven coating of black that sometimes leads an antique appear ance that is appreciated by the lover of odd things. A second design that worlcs out well for a sitting or bedroom and is effective in almost any wood may receive its or namentation at the hands of an artistic amateur by following the directions of tho authority quoted: Construct the mantel of pine or whitewood, paint it a cream white, with five or six succes sive coats of paint for inside use. When the last coat is thoroughly dry, rub the painted surface with very fine sand paper to obliterate the brush mark, and with oil colors paint across the top a branch cf apple wood, leaves and a few ripe red or yellow apples. Scatter a few along the frieze below the shelf, and if nicely executed the effect will be very pleasing. Other branches or sprays may be used in place of apple. A branch of dogwood or a piece or loxglow vine works In very prettny. A bow of pine needles with the cones and with a few cones f 1 i .J i MANTEL DECORATED IN" OIL COLOU3. scattered across the frieze, with some pine needles as if fallen there and dried, or a vine of sweet peas running over the top and across the corner of the glass will fcrra a pleasing decoration. The colonial mantel, too familiar to call for description, is still a popular de sign, being simple in construction, in expensive to make and tasty in appear ance. This style of mantel makes up well in any native wood, such as oak, ash, cherry, birch, hazel, whitewood, etc When worked in natural wood, this design calls for carved ornaments in low relief to be applied to the wood, either before or after they are carved. Recipe For Cream Candy. Put 4 cups of granulated sugar with 2 cf water and a cup of thick cream in a kettle; stir until the sugar dissolves; add a tablespoonful of butter and a pinch cf soda. Let boil until it is brit tle. Flavor with vanilla. Pour into but tered plates and ccol quickly. Take up and pull rapidly and evenly until the mass becomes soft and smooth to the touch. Draw out into fiat sticks and let stand in a dry place until creamy; then drop in wax or buttered papers and put away in an airtight box. Ed' In Foam. Take as many eggs as are needed, leparating yolks from the whites. Lay the yolks, unbroken, cn a platter and whip the whites to a stiff froth, adding a little salt. Drcp the latter into as many buttered rings (greased pans will do if you have no rings) as there are yolks; then lay one of the latter in the center of each foam nest, drop a small piece cf butter on each and set in the oven. Brown slightly. Advertiser 75 cents a month. 1 II JJ'" A, ' i .Jill IP -P aetTix MLvc Tillers -vAw Vuvo'vc c g- cKoi c e etc 10,000 Ft ,nVoal(ivtv a :. ejk. Sc &.aoiver v raws vtC' ' '':. VAX7a .2. -Si Or to cry for it, because we have plenty in stock, fresh from thesprings, and at a price within the reach of all. We are selling family cases, each containing sixty bottles of this Klin Of Table o AT$6 PER CASE. tained at all the leading hotels and bars and of the Hollister Drug Company, Limited EXCLUSIVE AGENTS FOR 533 FORT STREET, GO TO E. 0. ILL & CORNER Fort and King Streets. SONS SOMETHING NEW! Mexican VERY FINE. Said to lor to HOLLISTER & CO. Importers of 'obaccon, Cisrara, Smokers' Vpstas, Etc., Etc. J 7 3utst to Kcrn-tv - There's over no need to fight :- SODA THE HONOLULU. foe Hardware, Paints and Oils, Ship Chandlery, Leather, Pipe and Fittings Salt, Lubricating Oils b3 Super Havana s ! TRY THEM. Articles, Wax NAPA Waters Cigars DELICATE ! DELICIOUS ! ! DilN'fi' ! ! I ASIC YOUR GROCER FOR EED LABEL OYSTERS These are new pack Large, Fat, Extra selected. One trial will prove their merits. X. H.The Cava of This Brand Contain a Greater Quantity Than Tliose of any Other Mitchell & Peterson, Coast Agents NEW GOODS, O JUST OPENED, .A. FINE LINE OP Latest Fall Dress Goods AT EXCEPTIONALLY LOW PRICES. New Plaid Worsted Dress Goods. Latest Striped Worsted Goods. A fine line of All Wool Camelette ! All Wool Camelette in all the leading colors. SILK MIXED CHAILLES ! SILK MIXED CIIAILLES ! ! An Elegant Line. Cream ground, with dainty Silk Woven Figures. All Wool Chailles, Light and Dark Ground. Wool IN BLACK All Wool Serge in Cream, Navy Blue PEICES WAY DOWN ! N. 520 Fort Street EUEN1TUKE JUST RECEIVED A NEW LINE OF FURNITURE and UPHOLSTERY OF THE LATEST Bedroom Sets, Wicker Ware, Cheflfonlers and Chairs TO SUIT ALL AT THE LOWEST PRICES; ALSO, ALL KINDS OF MANU FACTURING DONE IN FURNITURE, BEDDING AND UPHOLSTERING, AND BEST QUALITY OF LIVE GEESE FEATHERS, HAIR, MOSS AND EXCELSIOR ON HAND; ALSO THE LATEST PATTERNS OF WICKER WARE KHP IN SETS OR SINGLE PIECES. "SpeciaI orders for Wicker Ware or all kinds of Furniture to rail at low prices. All orders from the other islands will receive our prompt attention and Furniture will be well packed and goods sold at San Francisco prices. T. HOPP & CO H. K. McIKTYRE & BRO., UCPOETIES AXD DSALS23 Dl Groceries, Provisions and Feed EAST CORNER FORT AND KING 8TREET8. New Goods received by every packet from the Eastern States and Europe, Fresh California Produce by every steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Island orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Poet Office Box No. 145. Telephone No. 92. , ija- - it1-. and .Your Grocers Aro flow Selling ). a new beverage pure, non-alcoholic, exhilarating, refreshing and stimulating. It is 55 A :. S S.. 1 aiiu it la inexpensive, uccausc one Dome maKcs luur wiicn prepared for use. Being both food and drink, you will find it Just the thing to tone the lagging system. For full information, call upon your iN: dealers or drop us a postal card. THE CALIFORNIA GRAPE FOOD CO., San Francisco, Gal. NEW GOODS Crepe .A.ND CREAM. and Black. SACHS, -:- -:- Honolulu ! PATTERNS IN- 3 74 King Street l.hI. t t. 1 a GRAPE FOOD! r h it" s 'it if t A ii A