Newspaper Page Text
Established July iT, iS56.
VCXL. XX- JNO. 3874. HOJSOIUXTJ. HAWAIIAX ISIiAlNDS, SATUliDAY, DECEMBER 2L 1S94. PRICE: 5 CEXTS. Business (Tariis. C. BREWER k CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, 27. I. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomn IS agar Co., Wailuku Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makes Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa paia Kancb. Planters Line San Francisco Packets. Chaa. Brewer & Co.'b Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST or OFFICERS: P. C. Joxxs President Oxo. II. Kobxetsox Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. VV. F. Allxm Auditor H A "I C. M. Cooes H. WATXBH0U8S...V ... Directors C L. Cabtkr . . . YOU CAN GET Ilaviland China, plain and decorated ; English China, White, Granite; Cut Glass ware, Moulded and Engraved Glassware, Agateware, Tin ware, Lamps and Fittings, Flower Pots, Fruit Jars and Jelly Glasses and a thousand other useful and ornamental articles at J. T. Queen Street Stores. 3807-tf The Hawaiian Investment Co. SEAL ESTATE - A5 1- LOANS. FOK SALE. Desirable Property in all parts of the City. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at a bargain. A 4-acre Lot at 3Iakiki. Lots 4 and 3, Block 23, Pearl City. AL-acre Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 13 Kaihumami Street Telephone G39. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke, LIFE AND FIRE I AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON. fitna Fire Insurance Company OF IIARTFOBD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY ! W.W. WRIGHT, - Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder AKD BEPAIKEK. gXJ All orders from the other islands in the Carriage Building. Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. 1CCTP. O. BOX 321. NOS. 123 AND 130 FORT STREET 3S63-y WATERBOKS INSURANCE AGENTS Business lfan)s. DR. R. I. MOORE DENTIST, 02ee: Irlintoa Cottige, Hotel lit Office hours : 9 a. m. to 12 m. and 1 f. m. to 4 p. m. 3S60-lm M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. DKNTIST, 98 EOTIL STHSXT. Omr Horn 'ik.u.ToAr. m. C. B. RIPLEY, ARTHUR REYNOLDS, ARCHITECTS. Orncs New afe Deposit Building, Hgnoxxlc, H. I. Plans, Specifications, and Superintend ence given lor erery description of Build ing. Old Buildings successfully remodelled and enlarged. Designs for Interior Decorations. Maps or Mechanical Drawing, Tracing, and Blueprinting. S7Drawing9 for Book or Newspaper Illustration. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Matting op all Kehds, Maxxla Cigass. WING WO CHAN & CO. Ho. 23 Nauunu e4trt. S431-Q Great Republican Victory WE 11AVK OS HAND A FIXE AS SORTMENT OP ENGLISH -:- SERGKES ! Tweed, Clay Wontedi, Diagonals aad French Casslmeres Suitable for the Holidays. Our prices are lower than ever. Give us a call before ordering. MEDEIROS Jb CO., Tailor. Arlington Block, Hotel Street. C347-2m F. W. MAKINNEY, TYPEWRITER, Conveyancer and Searcher of Records F1KE, LIFE AND Accident : Insurance. All kinds of Typewriting done, promptly, cheaply and accurately. ALSO GENERAL COLLECTOR. 'office: 31S roar street 334S-tf PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, NO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf i i . WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Bishop & Co.'s Bank. 381 S-y WILLIAM SAVIDGE, Collector and Real Estate Agent Bents Collected. Houses Kented. Office: Cummins Block, Merchant street. 3S56-lm Massage. MB8. PBAY WOULD ANNOUNCE that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitney's. Kin st. ; Bell Telephone 75. 322S-U Business (fariis. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician, HOTEL STREET, Opposite Union street. AjLT" Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 p.m. Mutual Telephone 25o. 610. 3S3S 3 m VIAVI CURES ALL DISEASES PECU liar to women, rheumatism, skin diseases and acts as a blood purifier. Lecture at Viavi Hall at 3 p. m. this afternoon. 3861-tf A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-lv WILLIAM C. PARKE. ATTORNEY - AT - LAW grant to tstka -AcknovYledgmant. Ornca No. 13 Kaahuxnanu Street, Hono- mm, i.i. H. R. HITCHCOCK, Notary Public, Second Judiciary Circuit H. I., KALUAAHA, MOLOKAI. 3S04-3m H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers OS FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. 3450-v HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FOBT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'S II. J. JfOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. 'OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers Requisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, SU EVETOE. Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. 3S59-fm HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boilers, Nagar Hills, Cooler. Erau and Iead Catln&-a, And machinery of every description raade to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithinjr. Job work excated on the shortest notic. lewis & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 397. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT STREET. HONOLULU CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplamds, Comer lllen and Fort Si. HOLLISTER & CO., 3710 155S-lv Agents. JOHN T. WATERHOUSE. Importer i&IDmIu t& GENERAL MERCHANDISE. No. 35-31 QoeeoStzeet, Honolulu II. W. McGHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS DKALXBS I Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. AflTTfJTQ Honolulu Soap Work Co., AUIUllO Honolulu Tannery. H. HACKFELD k CO., General Commission Agents Cor. Fort and Queen sts., Honolulu. FAR COLUMBIA'S ARMS Dusky Hawaii Would Rest' With Confidence. MEETING OF AMERICAN LEAGUE. Stirring Speeches On Annexation Cecil Brown Tell Where He Stands, and Dr. BIcGrew Gladly "Takes Back" Get In With Both Parties to Work, You don't know what you missed will be a general greeting this morn ing to every American League man who did not attend the open meet ing at trie nail last evening. The attendance was not a large one 1 A. A. 1 j 1 m . put ii was a litue ouncn 01 eninusi asm nevertheless. Annexation and its phases was of course the leading ana only topic that the speakers dwelt upon, 'ihe pleasing feature to those interested m the cause was the an nouncement made by President Mur ray that it was the purpose of the league to hold a series of similar meet ings during the coming session of the legislature. General Hartwell was the first speaker. He said : "There are patriotic and intelli gent Americans who, without regard to party motives, consider that the annexation of Hawaii to the United States is open to serious and radical objections, from an American point of view. There are also public spirited and intelligent Hawaiians of all na tionalities who entertain the same opinion from a Hawaiian point of view. To discuss these objections fully would occupy more time than is desirable to take this evening. I will merely outline their nature and the principal arguments against them. "For m3'4jelf, as an American citi zen, I have to say that the interests of the United States are far too pre cious in my view to allow any per sonal gain which I might gain as a property owner in Hawaii to influence me to advocate annexation, 11 1 did not reeard it as a national advantage to the United State?. Every military and naval officer of the United btates with whom I have conversed on the subject and I have heard views of officers of the highest rank deem that the annexation of Hawaii would add greatly to the security of the Pa cine Coast. The main objection made to any insular acquisition is that it would entail great expense to fortify and defend, and that if a policy of in sular acquisition is initiated by an nexing Hawaii, there will be an end of the famous Monroe Doctrine, re quiring the United States to keep clear of all foreign entanglements, as well as to prevent all foreign inter ference. 'lt is also claimed by the objectors that the mixed population of Hawaii is not of a kind to assimilate with American citizenship and American institutions. As far as the expense of holding Hawaii, the United 8tates would have no more concern or diffi culty, than in holding California or Alaska. The sea power of the world, as shown by our distinguished Amer ican writer, Captain Mehan, can never be safely neglected by any na tion that proposes to maintain itself as a first class power among the na tions of the world. In these days of armored cruisers, coaling stations at a distance from the home country, are absolutely essential. "As for the Monroe Doctrine, and what is called the 'American Sys tern," nature has made Hawaii a part of that system. The long admitted necessity of keeping Hawaii clear from the influence or interference of any other power than the United States fully concedes this. And as for the population, does any one who know.- the facts, consider its intelli gence and capacity for free institu tions as less than that which existed in California, Texas, Alaska, or any other territory heretofore acquired by the United States ? "Afide from what may be called the political ami military advantages to the United States of annexing Ha waii, the commercial gain would be of vast impoftauce. It is idle for the wine producers of California to ask that Hawaii shall keep out Japanese goods. Even a free trade treaty with the United State would not do that. To maintain aguinst Japan a high protective tariff, !uch as the Luited States iiself must have to accomplish the deeirtd object, nothing short of the power and tbelnwsr.f the United State would mi flic-. 2s ow for the Hawaiin objections, uside from those of a sentimental or exclusively per sonal nature, uey may te summed up as the oljeelious f th-e to whom American t r at-y fiee iutitutions are distasteful, and v ho also c -usider that the svstem tf pnial enfi-emett of contract labor is -?st ntiul to the Ha waiian sugar industry. Th last ob jection appear-- to msiny to b almost insurmountable, .onie say tii;it tuey prefer to sacriric-H in that reirnrd for the greater gaiu of a strong ano ?able government. But I do l ot consider that it would be a su entice. .Labor can easily be made abundant here, if it is not already, ot a kind suited for the production of sugar. The experi ence of Queensland, if not of other countries, shows that sugar cane may be cultivated and sold by weight to mill owners with mutual profit. "The heaviest and most experienced planters in Hawaii, like Baldwin, Young, Wilcox, Spalding and others, are more than ready to take the chances of annexation for the sugar business. The refining of sugar here would create a large demand for skilled mechanics. Permanent free trade, resulting from annexation, would give an impetus to all Island business and productions, and set go ing many kinds of manufactures, which would open the door now closed to both the native and white popula tion. "The political gain which Hawaii ans would receive as citizens of the United States has hardly yet dawned upon many of them. But they would soon see it. As for the methods of seeking annexation, and the imme diate prospect of securing it, I can only give my personal opinion and conjecture. The treaty power rests with the President and Senate, the legislative power with Congress, which has repeatedly been exercised in cases of annexation, and which is equally effectual and constitutional. As far as I have seen, the President has refrained from expressing his view about annexation. I doubt whether any but his most intimate friends, if even they, know what it is. He might naturally prefer that Con gress, having practically assumed charge of the Hawaiian question, shall enact such legislation as will annex Hawaii. If that should be his wish, there are prominent members of each House, in the Democratic party, liks Senator Morgan and Ueneral Sickles, for instance, to introduce annexation measures. ! consider it unwise to anticipate opposition from the majority of Dem ocratic Senators and Representatives. They may well prefer to abide by the traditions of the Democratic party in favor of a strong foreign policy, and of former acquisition of territory, than to leave the matter to the Kepublican party to make use of in the next presi dential election. I believe, therefore, in the advantages and in the reasona ble prospect of annexation. " While I deprecate any course tend ing to make what is sometimes called 'Americanism offensive to people of other nationalities, 1 think that the obvious gain which all island residents would receive from annexation, polit ically, socially and financially, is so clear and indisputable upon examina tion, that I am fully prepared to see a general movement in its favor on the part of those heretofore objecting or hesitating. 'The student of Hawaiian history can at once see that the course which the United States Government has for many years followed, concerning Hawaii, has not been owing solely to its desire to protect the interests of American citizens but rather to main tain American national Interests. It is a consistent foreign policy which the United States has never deviated from. It is a policy which Great Britain sanctioned as long ago as 1850, when Liord Palmerston "said in sub stance that in certain contingencies he recommended 'receiving a protecto rate under the United States by be coming an integral part of that na tion,' which he said he regarded as 'the destiny of the Hawaiian Islands.' "The statement made by Mr. Foster, as Secretary of State, in his letter to the President of February 15th, 1893, that he had 'received assurances from the representatives of the leading powers of the world and from our own ministers abroad that the incorpora tion of the Hawaiian Islands will be regarded by these powers with satis faction or ready acquiescence,' was published to the world and has never been criticized. As far as the great preponderance of official utterances on the part of leading public men in the United States, of both parties, extend ing over a period of fifty years, can afford any indication of the present prospect of annexation, they are re markably unanimous in its favor. "It is not likely that the object les son of the war now going on in the Orient will be lost on American states men. Whether that war shall result in European civilization asserting it self more prominently in the affairs in China and Japan, or in those pow ers seeking to establish themselves in opposition to Europe, the necessity of the United States taking care ot its picket stations off the Pacific Coast will not be less clear." Cecil Brown, the next speaker, said that had anyone told him two years ago that he should address a body that had for its one great object the annex ation of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States he would have laughed them to scorn. Gentlemen, the time has come, and every day that passes makes it more apparent that annexation is our only salvation, and the only solution for peace and prosperity of these islands. lou all know that the history of the past two or three years has been one of continual strife for those who are desirous of good government. Today we are on the road tc get it. The only way we can get it i3 to become part and parcel of the United States. This is the c-.untry of my birth, and, being of English extraction, these senti ments may seem somewhat incon gruous, lhere are others in the same position, but we must all work for the benefit of the great whole. The object for which we are all so enthusiastic is a3 sure to come as is the sun to pursue its course: nut we must not be idle. We have friends in both parties, and we must work them for one single end that we may become part and parcel of the great American Re public. There was a time, five or six years ago, when we native Hawaiians would have said no annexation ; but that i3 not true now. When the people of the country would trample under foot the class which constituted the back bone of the country, men could not stand it. Those who haT-ht the country to what it is should have the right to say what should be done. To obtain annexation, we should camp with both parties, and, in time, they will see that these are a part and should be a parcel of the United States. Many of us have pointed out the path for this country to pursue for the good of all, and those in control failed to see it. On January 17th, the climax came. The question arose as to what we should do for self-preservation. We naturally turned to the country that had given much of its life-blood its best citizens to bring our land up to what it is. Had it not been for political changes, we would have been a part ot that country to day; but Providence, or something else, deferred our hopes for the time being were blasted. We then decided if we could not get what we wanted, we would have what we could get our own Republic. We must not stop there; we must press on until our great ob ject is attained. With all due respect for President Dole, we shall be glad to swap him for the President of 'the United States. This once attained there will be no more war or rumors of war or conspiracy. Mr. Charles JL. Carter was intro duced as one who would speak on matrimony. He believed it augured well for the cause when the speakers all devoted their remarks to annexa ation, after the announcement had been made that the leading questions of the day would be discussed. It told that the day was not far distant when the great object would be attained. Delays and disappointments should give manhood greater strength, so that when the time comes we shall be well equipped to become a part of the United States. We all believe that the union of the fair Columbia and dusky Hawaii will be a good one. We should begin now to Americanize Ha waii and Hawaiianlze America. So cial and business standards should be elevated to the high planes of the United States. Put the American spring in the heel of business life. One man in Washington is not enough to Hawaiianize America. There are millions who should know more of our country. Had there been a repre sentative at the recent meetings of California viticulturjsts, the resolu tions regarding Hawaii would have read, "If trade cannot be helped in any other way, annex the islands." JLove for the welfare of the country should spur on to renewed effort. At the close of Mr. Carter's remarks there were loud calls for Dr. MeGrew, that were not quieted till the doctor stepped to the platform. He came to listen, but wanted to take back the expression he once made to the effect that Mr. Brown was not solid for the cause. Tonight he was glad to grasp Mr. Brown by the hand and welcome him to the ranks We have a good Republic now, but I.shouJd be willing to trade it for a better one. J. A. McCandless was called to the Elatform. Referring to Mr. Brown, e said that though the English and Americans might not be very near one another, there never was an Eng lishman who was not in favor of good government. The American League stands as a pilot, and should continue its work till "we all sing Glory, Hal lelulia ! the deed is done." J. N. Wright and Mr. Bemner were the last speakers. These gentlemen believed that Democrats, ai well as Republicans, could be looked to for annexation. The latter believed the league could do much toward educat ing Americans as to the condition of a flairs in Hawaii, and offered the fol lowing resolutions for the considera tion of the league: Whereas, Many of the laboring classes on the Pacific Coast of the United States, owing to the general business depression, are out of work, and in the laudable dvsire to better their condition many of these people, with scant means, are coming to Ha-' wail in search of employment ; Whereas, The labor market here is now overstocked, and a continued im migration of this character will bo productive of disappointment and dis tress ; be it Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by the American League to secure fund and have printed and distributed 5,000 circulars explaining the industrial conditions of these Isl ands at present, and advising the labor of the Coast that remunerative work cannot be obtained here. The circu lars to contain in addition a descrip tion of the resources of this country, and the various avenues open to the employment of capital. WILL MAKE OTHERS MERRY What the Ivamehameha Boys Are Planning for Christmas Ere. The boys of the Kamehameha school will celebrate Christmas eve in a most commendable manner this year. Arrangements have been made for an entertainment to be given at the old church at Palama on Christ mas eve. The event is prepared espec ially for the poor children, many of whom know little of Christmas day, by virtue of the pleasant association. which the more fortuuate enjoy. The Katnehameha boys will have the sole charge of the gathering. They originated the idea, and will conduct the amusements according to their own happy will. The boys are de serving of a great deal of credit for their thoughtfulness for others, where by they are fulfilling the desires of the one by whose liberality they are cow profiting. Tuesday evening the usual Christ mas exercises will be held at the school. The Hawaiian Gaezttz Courier manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions. 7