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THIS PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADViSRTIBEIl: HONOLULU, DECEMIJEK 28, 1S94.
ath. Tin turJi which thrv l.Hnj; :trt piMh I from on i:i-tnh?r "t nn .tlier until in tho K!j-rnl turmoil mimJ strife they are finally done avruy with. We mutt have atit-nce here, T!1 jarring infect f tlim-lT rt.- "tat." If the view I have advocate! con cerning the origin and nature of law are well founu-d, the rules which should guide legislative action are Himple and plain. In the first place, legislation nhould never attempt to do for society that which society can do, and is constantly doing, for itaelf. As caitom is the true origin of law. the legislature cannot, r W termini, abso lutely create it. Thin In the uncon scious work of society. Hut thepaa MEe t" a law commanding things which have no foundation In existing custom would be only an endeavor to create custom, and would necessarily be futile. In the next place, the legis lature should never attempt to per form the function of the Judge, that of simply ascertaining and declaring existing customs. This Is the work of experts who can qualify themselves rly ,by the devotion of their lives. The legislator came, in the order of social development, after the judge, ot to displace him, but to perform au office for which he was Incompetent. The function of the legislator is sup pletory to that of the judge. It is to catch the new and growing, but im perfect, customs which society Is form ing In its unconscious effort to repress evils and improve its condition cus toms of the existence of which the judges are uncertain and at variance, or which are so different from former precedent that they cannot declare them without inconsistency and to give to these formal shape and ratification. BYAUTHOKITY. TENDERS FOR SUFFICES. In legislation, therefore, the rule should be never to act unless there is an end to b gained for which legisla tive action alone is competent; and when such action is initiated, it : should seek to recognize and express the customs which society is aiming to make uniform. When Solon was asked why he did not give the Athe nians better laws, that witest of man answered, "I gave them the only laws they were fitted to receive." Bentham was the opposite of Solon. He was an Idealist, enraptured with his conception that the principle of utility wa9 the universal solvent which would change everything into good. But he wholly failed, to per ceive that law could proceed only from custom. lie believed that com mands were law, and that he could reform the world by legislation. But above all, in the investigation of these Questions, there is room, and an Imperious demand, for that knowl edge of the true nature of the problem by which alone endeavors may be guided. This aid can be furnished only by the educated jurist. . ESTATE OF S. N. CASTLE. Inventory of Property Filed by Executrix Yesterday. The inventory of the S. N. Castle estate was filed yesterday by Mary Castle, executrix. It is as follows: Keal Property. 1. An undivided half interest in the Castle & Cooke , store, warehouses and premises. 2. An undivided half interest in about seven acres of land at Laimi, NunBnu valley. 3. An undivided half interest in, say, two acres of land called the Ninibna lot at Kaluaaba, Molokat. Personal Property. 1. One-third interest in the co-partnership of Castle & Cooke, $GG,CCG CG 2-3. 2. Sixty shares Kohala Sugar Co., par, 30.000. 3. 8S3 shares Onomea Sugar Co., $83,300. 4. 750 shares Ewa Plantation, 575,000. 5. - COO shares Kahuku Plantation, 550,000. G. 300 shares Oahn Kailwsy & Land Company, $30,000. 7. Bonds 0. 11. & Li. Co , $S9,200. 8. Notes of three different persons, G7,000. o Due on account irom anoiner, $0273.88. 10. Yhat may be due on open ac count from decedent firm. Jfonry For Maternity IIome. The officers of the Kapiolani., Mil I HTM I I ft 1 II I I ITT llirii A U ft. fl PUUl b AJ A. w business session yesterday after noon. It was decided that with the advent of the New Year the - new by-laws should be adopted. Mrs. F. V. Macfarlane announced to the ladies present that she had received from Mrs. W. G. Irwin, as a Christmas present, the sum of $500, to be used in any manner that those in charge see fit. The ladies expressed themselves in most grateful language for the kind gift of Mrs. Irwin, and breathed a sigh of relief, for they had been puzzling their brains about a way to raise some money for the home. The $300 came as a godsend. f From Kabulul to the Coast. The residents of Kahului will be .leased to know that their petition for a direct mail route to t lie Coast via the steamer Kahului will doubt less receive the approval of the Postmaster-General. While it is considered eomewhat doubtful whether the residents will receive their mail any more promptly by this new arrangement, the depart ment seems favorably inclined toward granting the request when it is formally presented. The in- ?3aae in expense will be slight, the "W route necessitating not more a one extra clerk. OrriCK or the Eoakd w Health, ) HoNOLi-LU, December 21, lb'H.) Sealed tenders ill be received at this office, until 12 m. WEDNESDAY, Janu ary - for famishing the Board of Health with supplies rieci5ed in the Hcbedules below for the jeriod of pIx months ending Jane 30, 1S95: SCHEDULE A. .Supplies for the Leper .Settlement, Molokai, to be delivered f. o. h. island steamers, in jumtities ordered by Agents of the Board of Health. BlILDINO MATERIAL. Bough N W Lumber, up to 35 M feet, per M Tongue and Grooved N W, up to -Oil feet, peril Redwood fchingles, up to 100 M, per M Bed wood Surfaced, up to 3 M feet, perM Bedwood Battens, KxC, up to 500 feet, per foot B V Fence Poets, up to 2 M, each Doors, 2x0x0, 1 each Sashes, 10x12 and 10x14, per pair Iroa Cut Nails, up to 50 kegs, (10 1 basis) per keg Hubbuck's Eoiled Oil, np to 150 gallons, Ier gallon Turpentine, up to 50 gallons, per gallon White Lead, Hubbuck's No 1, up to 3000 pounds, per pound Cement, White Bros Portland, up to 50 barrels, per barrel Lime, up to 100 barrels, per barrel Galvanized Iron Pipe, M Ji ar,d 1 inch, per foot PROVISIONS AND SUPPLIES. Rice No 1, up to 500 bags Medium Bread, (good quality, samples to be furnished) up to COO cases Best quality Flour, sacks, up to 200 barrels Sugar No 1, raw, up to 150 bags Salmon, best red, up to 90 barrels Brown Soap, 2-pound bars, up to 200 boxes, (100-pound boxes) per box Matches, long card, up to 300 gross, per gross Salt, coarse, up to 500 bags, per ton Kerosene Oil, up to 200 cases, per case Coal in sacks, up to 20 tons, per ton SCHEDULE B. Hay and Grain to be delivered at the Board of Health Stables, near corner of South and Queen streets. The tender must be for weight delivered at the S'ables. Wheat or Oat Hay, np to 100 bales Bran, up to 100 bags Oats, up to 1C0 bags SCHEDULE C. Supplies for the Oahu Insane Asylum, to be delivered in quantitie3f required, and subject to inspection and approval of the Medical Superintendent. Beef, rough, 4350 pounds per month Beef Steak, 121 pounds per month Bread, fresh, 754 loaves per month Bread, Medium, 3G0 pounds per month Brooms, steamboat or mill, 1 dozen per month Baking Powder, Boyal, t-ounee tin, 1 . dozen per month Beans, Bayo, 50 pounds per month Coffee, Green Kona, 75 pounds per month Flour, Golden Gate, 2 sacks per month Matches, long card, gross, per month Oat ileal. 25 pounds per month Oil, Kerosene, 12 cases per month Onions, per pound, 2 crates per month Potatoes, per pound, 7 sacks per montli Bork, extra clear corned, )i barrel per month Prunes, dried, per pound, 25 pounds per month Raisins and dried Apples, per jound,251 pounds per month Bice, Hawaiian No 1, 000 pounds per month, per pound Sugar, Hawaiian No 1, pounds per GOO pounds per month KSalt, Hawaiian, coarse, 100 pounds per month Salmon, No I red, per barrel, C barrels per month Tea, China, Fouchong, 75 pounds per month Tobacco, plug, 18 jounds per month Tomatoes, canned, per dozen, 0 dozens per month Wood, Alaroba or Ohia, 3 cords per month Bran, .,4 ton er month Middling, J4' t;ns per month Oats, ?4' ton per month Bids mint be made f jr the items of each schedule separately, and each ten der must be plainly marked: "Tender for Supplies, Board of Health.' Tlie Board of Health does not bind il eolf to accept the lowest or any bid. WILLIAM O. SMITH, President Board of Health. 3S77-4t Health. Payments ar tob made in V. S. Gold Coin. i The Board does not bind i i'? to ac I cpt the highest cr any bid. P.T orrter of the Board of Ilea th. WILLIAM O. SMITH, President Board of Health. rc-- i Teacher' Examinations. An examination for Primary Certifi cates will be held at the Hono kaa School-house, Hamakua, on FRIDAY and SATURDAY, Jauu arv 15 and LM. 189". An examina- tion will al?o be held at tlie Ainakea School-house, North Kohala, on MON DAY and TUESDAY, Febru-ry 11 and 12. Examinations will commence at 0 a. m. sharp. A LATA U T. ATKINSON, Inpector-Gentral of Schools. 3S73 161 4-1 t A BARE OPPORTUNITY FOR IS VES TMEX T. Sealed Tenders Will be received at thu oflice of the Minister of the Interior until WEDNES DlY, the 2d day of January, H95, at 12 o'clock noon, for curbing and paving certain sidewalks on Fort s-treet, i nonoiuiu. Plans and pK;it;cations can be seen at the otSce of the Superintendent of l'ublic Works. The Minister of the Interior does not bind himself to accept the lowest or any bid. J. A. KING, Minister of the Interior. Interior Office, Dec. 24, 1S3L 3370 3t Department of Finance, ) Honolulu, U. I., December 19, 1S'J4 .) Under Article 35, Section 1 of the Con stitution, it is required that each mem ber of the Cabinet shall make an annual report of the transactions within his de partment, during the year ending December 31. The Minister of Finance takes this occasion to request all those having claims of a monetary nature, to present them to this office, through the proper Departments not later than the tenth day of January next, after which date the books will be c'osed. All persons having moaeysoa account of the Government are requested to make their returns promptly, in order that there may be no delay in closing the accounts for the year ending December 3Iet, 1894. S. M. DAMON, ' Minister of Finance. S3T3-at 1613 4t Water Notice. In accordance with Section 1 of Chap ter XXVI of the la s of 1886 : All persons holding water privileges or paying water rates, are hereby notified that the water rates for the term ending June SO, 1S95, will be due and payable at the office of the Honolulu Water Works on the 1st day of January, 1895. All such rates remaining unpaid for fifteen days after they are due wih be subject to an additional 10 per ceut. Bales are payable at the oflice of the Water Works in Kapuaiwa Building. ANDREW BROWN, Superintendent Honolulu Water Works. December 20, 1S94. 3373 td QUT OF SIGHT DOES NOT APPLY TO PICTURES FOR THEY ABE A lways ill Sight NOTUINf. KETTER FOR A Cto isl Present ! AND NO I'.KTILH FLACK TO KT T1IKJI THAN" AT BROS'. 3S57-1 1 1 DTK I. STREET. Sailors Home Society. i HE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE Tender for the Sale of If ides and Tallow. Office of the Hoard of Health. i HonoLllc, December I'l, lS94.f Tenders for the purchase cf hides and tallow frcm the ; oard cf Health from date ol awarding ttie contract to June 30, 1SI3, will l9 received at this office, until 12 m WhDNEDAY, January L 1S)5. The tender uiuat be for the price per poand for hides and tallow delivered on the wharf, at Honolulu, on weights ap proved by an Agent of the Board of member f cf the bailors' Home I T Society will t.ike placa at the Koom of th Chamber,! Commerce on MONDY NEX r, the I'dst iust., at 10 a. n:. IVr order I- A. SCHAE.FER, .Secreturv. Immediately after the adjournment of the mt-etinc ot the Society, the Board of Trustees will hold a regular Meetini for thetlection of otHcers and th-3 transact ion of bu-?ines in cneral. Per order b A. fcCUAEFER. fecretary. SS77-4t The Hawaiian Gajettb CoitPANr manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions. It is proposed to place the Ostrich Farm of the late Dr. Trousseau on the market in January or February next. This farm is thoroughly equipped and now has thirty-four healthy birds on same, including the famous male ostrichs Jumbo and Jno. L. Sullivan. We believe that it can be demon strated that this enterprise, new to these islamls, but of long standing in Africa, New Zealand and Califor nia, can be now carried on at a profit as the experimental stage has been safely passed. Air. A. P. Jackson, the genial manager can always be found in attendance at the grounds. We have on hand a large number of prime feathers in assorted colors from the last plucking which are easily worth $50 per pound and up wards according to quality. The next plucking takes place in January next Prospectuses, information concerning the feather market and all necessary data will be furnished. f All reliable persons desirious of visiting the grounds can do so by first obtaining permits from the undersigned, BRUCE CARTWIUGHT, H. E. McINTYKE, Executors Est., G. Trousseau. 3875-lw ATTENTION. A Special Christmas Sale, commencing MONDAY, let fiuher 17. We will tell everything renileM of eot lor S days only. , 'Come and intict our stock of Holiday Cioo i ; the l.O K 1 nu ur.ni. YOKOHAMA BAZAAR, MURATA & CO., .M- HOTKL 8THKKTA Proprietors. Pacific G. N. WILCOX.. . J. F. II ACKFKLD. Guano and COJMFA.SrY. Perti lzer President. . . . Vice-President. T. MAY Auditor. K. sTIIIv Secretary and Treasurer. P. O. BOX 184 MUTUAL TEI 407. -o- OUH SEW WOFK8 AT KALI HI beiritf eomp'eted, to lnrnish all kinds of we are now re;idy yooR WATCH WILL. BE VCADK TO TIME IT KKEP LEFT EXCELLENT THESE DAYS WITH Fairer & Co., The Well-known unil Reliable "Watchmakers, 515 FORT STREET. If satisfaction is not given, your money will be returned in full. Island orders will receive prompt attention. 3S56-v WIS If TO CALL. VOl'lt SPECIAL AT- TKNTION TO TIIEIK Superior -:- Stock ; of JAPANESE GOODS ! ARTIFICIAL :- FERTILIZERS ! ALSO CONSTANTLY ON II AND IPaeiik? Guano, Potash, Sulpliate ol Ammonia, Xitrate ol Soda, Oalcinecl Fertilizer Salts ETC., KIC, ETC., t'lC, KIC. O Special attention iven to analyeia of soils by our Agricultural Chemiat. Ail goodn are cuaranteed in every reppect. j For further particulars apply to PACIFIC GUANO AND FERTJ LIZKJl COMPANY DR. W. AVFRDAM, Manager. The Hawaiian Express Company HaTiDX established agencies in the principal ports of the Islands is prepared to do a general Express and forwarding business. 1 1 ! 1 ll 1 5 A A? woods caiiea ior ana ueiiverea promptly at uestinauon. Special attention paid to merchandise sent C. O. D. Baggage called for, checked and delivered to all out-going trains and steamers. Our wagons meet all steamboats. We have acquired the business of the Hawaiian Messenger Service, and will furnish uniformed messengers on short notice. We guarantee promptness and dispatch in all business intrusted to our care. 3 Office and Stables, corner Hotel and Union streets. E- Both Telephones 479. 3S52-tf H. E. McINTTEE & BRO . IMPORTERS JVlU DEAL FCIt IK Groceries. Provisions and EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS. New iooils received hv eery packet from the Fastern States and Europe. Fresh Cali ornia Produce by everv steamer. All orders faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. J6land orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Postoffice Box 145. Telephone No. 92. Of everv description, puitable for HOLIDAYS. FERTILIZERS ! YOU MUST HAVE TO MAKE GOOD CROPS. ITOHAN 206 FORT STREET, -0- 3So4-17t Near Custom House. THE HAWAIIAN FERTILIZING COMPANY keenn always and constantly on hand all the well known CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS and offers them for eale at the lowest market tates. They manufacture complete High Grade Fertilizers to any ppecial formula and guarantee the analysis, and all that other firms do. Planters would do well to write the undersigned before ordering anywhere else. JST" A dollar saved is a dollar made. ,A. F. COOKIE, Proprietor and Manager Hawaiian Fertilizing Company. Nestlc's Milk T'o.-'I f. t inf. years, crown in favor wi:h nr La, during 23 tith doctors and racthrrs throughout the world, and is now un- j" que.tionabl not tin'y th; best sul:itute for rnoth-rs nu.ic, but the lx d whicri agrees with the largest perccrtae of infants. It Rives strrntn and stamina, to rist tn weaicenin? it r.'Tects of i; t weather, and has saved the lives of j,! thous.ir.di cf infants. To any mother sending rrf her addre, and m-n:ininir this papr, we will l! j send soinp.es aud description cf Xeitlc's Kood. i' The. Lttminif & Co., ilo Ae'ts, 29 Murray St, N. Y. ! : DELICATE DELIC 1 ous 1 1 DANTr 1 1 1 ASK YOUR GROCER FOR EED LABEL OTSTEKS Thee are new pack Largo, Fat, Extra selected. One trial will prove their merits. N. E.The Cans of This Brand Contain a Greater Ovantitv Than Those of any Other Th .A. aency for XESTIiE'S MILK FOOD IS WITH THE Boiiister Dras Compasy, Limited 52:3 Frrt Street, Hr nolulu, II. T. Kead This ! I F YOU W'AXT A MOTIVE POWER, order a Kkgan Vapor or Pacific Gab Knqine; thev are the beet, eafeet and simplest in the world. JUS. TINKER, Sole Ag-?nt. jSF'Stnd for catfwloaes. Honolulu, H. I. 36SS-tf Frank B.Peterson &Co., Coast Agents EVERYBODY KNOWS Geo. W- Lincoln Is Burned Out, but Still Prepared to Superintend or Build Anything from a One-roomed House to a New City Hall. All Orders Left With John Nott, King Street, Will be promptly Attended to.