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- ;3 nr r s i iii in ,m n II ! 3 S r, HOINOIiUXTJ. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, MONDAY. DECELBEH 31, 1S91. PRICE: CENTS. VOIi. XX- -NO. 3880. 1 V V M S V . If J II 1 Established July '4, 185G. . Bns'ncss (Tar 1)3. C. BREWER & CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. AGENTS FOR HAW&ii&a Agricultural Co., Onomea BafcrCo.. Honoma Sugar Co.,Wailukn Sugar Co., Waibee Sugar Co., Makee gaar Co., IlaleaJcala IUnch Co., Kapa pala Baocb. Planters' Line San Franciaco Packets. Chaa. Brewer & Co.'a Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board ol Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. U9T or orriCEBS: P. C. Jowis President Gxo. H. Kobsrtboh Manager E. F. Ban op Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allex Auditor C M. Cooks ) li. Watkrhocsk. .. ... .Directors C. L. Castes ) YOU CAN GET Ilaviland China, plain and decorated; English China, White, Granite; Cut Glass ware, Moulded and Engraved Glassware, Agateware, Tin ware, Lamps and Fittings, Flower Pots, Fruit Jars and Jelly Glasses and a thousand ether useful and ornamental articles at J. T. W Queen Street Stores. 3S07-tf The Hawaiian Inresbnent Co. EEAL ESTATE AXI- FOR SVLE. Desirable Pror-erty in all rarta of the City. Four Houses on Punchbowl etreet at n bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 3, Block 25, Pearl City. A2K-cr Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10; euitable for a Chicken Kancb. 13 and 13 Kaahumann Street Telephone Near Poetoffice. Castle & Cooke, LIFE AND FIRE INSDMCEJGENTS ! AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF B08TOX. fitna Fire Insnrance Compy OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! W.W.VRICHT. - Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder A'D REPAIHER. "All orders from the other islands ia the Carriage Building. Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. O. BOX 221. HOS. 128 AND 130 JORT STREET 336y lousiness (Tart) 5. DR. R. I. MOORE DENTIST, QZzt: Arlington Cottage, Hotel ttre JGC7"Dffice hoars: V a. m. to 12 m. and 1 p. u. to 4 p. u. 3S60-lm M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. DKNTIST, 33 HOTIL ET3WT. rrrr-Orrio Uoca 9 a. m.tq 4 y. u. C. B. RIPLEY, ARTHUR REYNOLDS, ARCHITECTS. Omen New 'afs Deposit Building, Hojoxxix, H. 1. Plans, Specifications, and Saperlntend ence given for every description of Build ing. Old Buildings successfully remodelled and enlarged. Designs for Interior Decorations. Maps or Mechanical Drawing, Tracing, ani Blueprinting. CET"Drawings for Book or Newspaper Illustration. New Goods A FLNE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Marrcro or all KrxDa, ilAJULA Ciga&s. WING WO CHAN & CO. Ho. &2 Nauanu Strot. 1831-j Great Republican Victory WE HAVE OX HAND A FINE AS SORTMENT or ENGLISH -:- SERGKES ! Tweed. Clmj Torteda, Diagonal and French Canlmerei Suitable for the Holidays. Our prices are lower than ever. Give us a call before ordering. 31EDEIROS dr CO., Tailor. Arlington Block, Uotel Street. S347-2m F. W. MAKLNNEY, TYPZAVIilTKK, Conveyancer and Searther of Records F1KE. LIFE AXI Accident -: Insurance. All kinds of TjrpewritiDg done, promptly, cheaply and accurately. ALSO GENERAL COLLECTOK. "office: 31S fobt street 3343-tf PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, NO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office: Over Eiahop t Co.'sBank. 31S-y . WILLIAM SAVLDGE, Collector and Real Estate Agent Rents Collected. Houses Rented. OfSce: Carnmirs' Block, Merchant street. Massage. A TBS. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE 1VJL that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitaexi, Kins st. ; Bell letepnons 7t. 3238-U CURES ALL DISEASES PECU liar to women, rhenmatism, skin diseases and acts as a biol purifier. Lecture ft Viavi Hall at 3 p. m. this afternooD. 3S51-tf JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Ho meopathic Physician. HOTEL STREET, Opposite Union street. -Office hours : 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 f. m. Mutual Telephone S"o. 610. SS3S-3m A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-1 v WILLIAM C. PAREE, ATTORNEY - AT -LAW AJ gent to tko Aokaowlcdgmanu. Omcx No. 13 K a ah am an u Street, Hono- lulu, II. I. H. R. HITCHCOCK, Notary Pablic, Second Judiciary Circuit II. I., KALUAAHA, MOLOKAI. 3S04-3m H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers OS FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. 3430-v HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Tort Street. 3575-1 y BEAVER - SALOON, F03T 8TEEET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.8 II. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-clasa Lunches served vrith Tea, Cof fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Reouipites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, S U E V E Y OR. Boom No. 11, Spreckels' Block. 3 8.39-6 m HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boilers, Mnjrar Kills, Coolers, Krata and leail Casting, And machinery of every description made to order, particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithinsr. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. lewis & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 297. LEWERS U COOKE, iSucces3ors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. JiO. 83 TOUT BTKEET, HONOLULU CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esp lamia, Corner lllen mi Fort Sts. HOLLISTER 3710 1553 lv & CO., Aeentfl. JOHN T. WATERH0USE, Import? aA Sulir la GENERAL MBEOUAHDISS jto.ivm Qnec street, Hooolcio M. W. MtCHESXEY 4 SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AD D5AZJCBS IX Leather and Shoe FiodiDgs HONOLULU. AflVNTQ Honololo "rp Worku Co., iiULlllO Honolnla Tannery. H. HACKFELD a CO.. General Commission Accent.-' Cor. Fort and Q?een eta., Honolulu. WALKER A GOOD AMERICAN, Tha Senate Listens to Correspond ence in the Hawaiian Matter. THK ADMIRAL'S IMPRESSIONS. The "Writer Kegardles of the Admin istration's Policy A True Report of Thing as They Are Confidence Ex presned In the Republic of Hawaii. WASHINGTON, Pec. 19. In an- -i r L tion, SecretaryHer- uert luuay scui iu the Senate the cor respondence between the Navy De partment and Admiral Walker, rela tive to his mission to Hawaii last summer. The correspondence makes a volume of considerable size, cover ing about sixty typewritten pages, and, while much of it is pu rely formal, some chapters are of great interest. It begins on March 23d last with the REAR ADillBAL WALKER. formal order of the Secretary detailing the Admiral from duty as president of the Inspection Board, and ordering him to Honolulu to relieve Admiral Irwin as commander-in-chief of the Pacific station, and closes with a No tice from the Admiral, dated Mare Island, Cal., August 24th, announcing his relinquishment of that command to Admiral Beardslee. Four days after the issue of the first formal order the Admiral, while In Washington, received the following instructions from the Secretary, marked, "Confi dential:" Sir: The following Instructions, which are to be considered etrictly confidential, are issued for your guid ance while in command of the United States naval forces on the Pacific sta tion: The attitude and policy which the Government of the United States has heretofore observed toward the people and Government of the Hawaiian Isl ands are fully shown in the executive documents. Nos. 47, 48, 65, 70, 76, 79 and 95, which have been mailed to you in care of tbe Navy Office, San Francisco. You will freely consult with the Minister of the United States at Ho nolulu upon all points which may arise in the general course of Hawai ian matters, and you will give due weight to his knowledge and opinion upon the actual employment in any event of the military forces under your command, and in deciding the coui.e to be pursued by yourself in any matter not covered by specific in structions. Your purpose as commander of the naval forces of the United States will be the protection of the lives and pro perty of American citizens. In case any civil war in the Isl ands, whether growing out of an at tempt to restore the Queen, or an at tempt to establish a permanent Gov ernment, or out of any election, or arising from ry cause whatever, you will extend no aid or support, moral or physical, to nny of the parties en gaged therein, but you will keep steadily in view that it is your duty to protect the lives and property or an such citizens of tl United State aa shall not by their participation in such civil cornmoti. ins subject them selves to local law, nwl thua forfeit their risrht in that rt-sranl to the pro tection of the Amencan llatr. An American citizen who, during a revo lution or iii!iirrtrr:tkn in a foreign country, participates iu tt n attempt ly force of ami or violence fo maintain or overthrew the existing Govern ment, or wh ni'i- in -ttn s on foot a revolution or iir'irterfioii in Mich a country, cannot cliiru aa a matter of right of the Go- ernmenf of ti United Statea protection anlu.-t thf cons quence of such act. If you shall observe at any tiro any effort or attempt on the .art of any foreign power to iiiterf-rr in the polit ical affair of the L-lano", or if you shall perceive anv clrcumstancea pointing to such Interference, you will promptly report the same to thia de partment. Very reMpectfully, II. A. Herbert, Secretary of tbe Navy. The next step in the correspondence offrthis was the dispatch of a tele gram on June ISth from the depart ment to Admiral Walker, then at Honolulu, asking whether any survey cf Pearl Harbor was being made by hl9 order. Another telegram, dated July 9th, ordered him, upon the arrival of the Charleston at Honolulu, to turn over his orders to the commanding officer or that vessel and return without de lay on the Philadelphia to Mare Isl and. On July 11th the Admiral was directed by telegraph to Mare Island to turn over the command of the Pa cific squadron to Admiral Beardslee and repair to Annapolis to assume the duties of superintendent of the Naval Academy. Another telegram, of date of July 20th, directed the Admiral, then at Honolulu, to proceed at once to Mare Island without awaiting the arrival of the Charleston. Admiral Walker began his reports to the department by a letter from Honolulu, dated April 25th, stating that he had assumed command of the station, and telling of the con sequent formalities. On the 2Sth of the same month he wrote a long letter touching the political position, giving bis impressions. Premising his remarks with the statement that the Provisional Government appeared to be firmly established, and that life and property were secure, the Admiral says that there are two causes which give uneasiness the uncertainty of th nH trPQ 5i? to ultimate restoration of the Queen, and the possible disaf- lection or tne Japanese, me registra tion had closed with but 1500 regis trations in Honolulu. Comparatively few natives had registered, their policy being one of abstention from political affairs under existing circumstances. They had been informed by their leaders that they would be punished if the Queen was restored, and they were afraid to take the risk. They were being constantly told that she would be restored by the United States, and foreign influence encour titr&ft thU Ivlipf and aDnrehension. Could they feel assured that tbe mon archy would not De resioreu uy out side interference, it is believed they wnn hi rpadilv rmrticinate in the for mation of a new erovernment. The sentiment of loyalty to the monarchy and Queen is, says the Admiral, to a considerable extent, a sentiment of self-interest, of self-preservation in the event of restoration. T am satisfid." said the Amiral, 41 that a clearly formulated assurance from the United States of non-inter- fprpnpp. with nolitical affairs of Hawaii and of the disapproval of interference upon the part of any other nation Id rest tbe situation clearly upon its local merits in the estimation of all classes without hope or fear of out sidft pressure, and would tend to sneed v settlement of all troubles." t Touchintr the Japanese, the Admiral I 7. . ' -.y-v av iriev nnmner over -u.uuo uu rha tclonda nnil nrp inflinpd to be tur bulent. They stand together as a sonu hodv. Their leaders have political ambition, and propose to claim the ricrht to vote. Many persons think them a possible source of future dan cer. Thev are brave, with military instinct, and would fight if aroused or excited. Tne rortugueae aiso uave nni'Hal n.sn!r&Hons. but thev are a faw abidinc. desirable class of immi grants. The Chinese do not enter into gdltics to any extent. As a rule, the nglish are royalists, but many favor t.h Provisional tiovemmeni. auu an nexation. Th Admiral complains of our lack of naval strength and the taking away of the Adams. leaving the flacahlp unsupported. He says we should have a force equal to any two other foreign forces combined, while we are equaled by the Knglish and excelled by the Japanese. Pending the arrival of the Charleston, he recommends the send ing of the Monterey to Honolulu, and closes by saying tlmt if the Marion touches there on her way to San Fran cisco he shall detain her until after the elections, and longer if deemed advisable. In his next letter, of date April 23, the Admiral tells of the notice served by the British Minister, Wodehouse, upon President Dole of the intention of his Government to use Necker Isl and as a cable station and his request that nothing be feald about it to the French or to any one. The President replied that he felt bound to inform the United States, in view of the close relations with that Government. There is little of interest in the next three letters beyond one statement that the hopes of the royalists appear to be diminishing, but on May SO the Admiral tells of the celebrated race for the possession of Necker Island be tween the Champion and the small steamer chartered by the Hawaiian Government. On June 21 the Ad miral sends a preliminary report upon Pearl harbor, which has already been published in substance, which he says he has caused to be surveyed because of the interest he has long held in the subject and in view of ita great value to the United States. On June 2-'i Admiral valker notes the receipt of the formal announce ment, o f the action of our Senate to ward Hawaii. He says; "This definite announcement of a policy, expressed j in terroa so clear and unmistakable, j has strengthened the hands of the ex -; isting Government and will undoubt edly assist in the solution of certain difficult questions which attend the adoption of a constitution and the es tablishment of a permanent form of government. The royalists are corre spondingly depressed and discouraged. "In my opinion," says he, "the peace is not in danger of being disturbed at present." Many letters tell of the various for malities attending the organization of the Republic. He says: "I hear of no objections being made to those provis ions (relative to the right of suffrage) by foreign representatives, and all ap- prehension of trouble with tho Japan ese has subsided." Further on the Admiral says that the Republic has been firmly estab lished; that there is no probability whatever of revolution. If Liliuoka lani surrenders her claim for. a pen sion matters will at once be settled. He considers that there Is no longer any necessity for the presence of. ft flag oracer in Hawaii, ou;. mat a saip should be kept there and that Hawaii may De regarded as naving revert eu fn her former status. A nort at this station is especially important because of its American Interest and affilia tion. The last letter from Admiral Walker Is unquestionably the most interest ing of the entire correspondence. It is dated at Honolulu, August 17, just prior to his departure for the United States, in accordance with the per- emptory order of the secretary, set out, In the telegrams -with which the cor respondence begins. It reads in part as follows: In my opinion, the Republic has ample birength to maintain Itself and preserve peace, and would suppress riot and counter revolution with a firm hand, but so long as foreign ves sels lie in the harbor of Honolulu, ready at a moment's notice in the event of disturbances to land forces to secure the safety of life and property, it is open to the enemies of the Gov ernment to say that tranquility was maintained only by the presence of these ships. I found leading members of the Government and others strong ly of this opinion, and expressing sat isfaction with the prospect of being left for k time entirely alone. But as soon as it was known that the Philadelphia was to leave on the Sth, a movement was set on foot among the English residents to retain the Champion, and the British Min ister, Major Wodehouse, willingly consented to order her to remain in port. The change of plan and the cir cumstance under which it was made put the situation in a new and some what serious light, to thoroughly ap preciate which it is necessary to un derstand the attitude and ambition of Major Wodehouse. He had been in Honolulu nearly thirty years, and his constant struggle had been to set English influence against American influence and make it predominate, and, as an esseutial part of this policy, to maintain the monarchy. The successful revolution and the establishment of a republic during the last year of his diplomatic service, upon tho eve of his retirement was an evidence of failure which mae him bitter and hostile. Al though holding tho position of British Minister, and transacting diplomatic business with the Government de facto, he had been a pronounced and partisan royalist. It is currently be lieved that ho had been in constant secret communication with the ex queen, and entirely In the confidence of the royalist leaders, and he had certainly lost no opportunity to em barrass the present Government, dis regarding the courtesies and amenities due from one in his position. But for bis impending retirement, matters would have probably come, some time ago, to an issue which would have resulted in his recall or dis missal. Although I had full confidence in the Republic's ability to preserve order, and regarded the chance of an uprising of tbe Royalists even under the favorable circumatances men tioned above as very remote, I did not feel that even such a remote chance should be taken, and I decided to postpone the Philadelphia's departure at least until the arrival of the Aus tralia's mail on the 11th inat. Before reaching this conclusion I consulted with the United States minlster,who:e views coincided with my own, aud I was further confirmed iu ray opinion by the receipt of a petH'on to keep the Philadelphia at Iloii'.lulu, signed by several prominent merchants and business men, representing large Am erican moneyed Inteic-ds. This peti tion 19 enclosed. It is a fact that should not be lost sight of, that English influenco Is always opposed to American influence in the Hawaiian Islati-2. It is colon ial and local in Its character, influ enced largely, if not wholly, by trade jealousies, but it is a potent factor and is 'rirong enougli to eventually Influ ence the British diplomatic repre sentatives and to have its' efTect upon British naval officers who remain here for any length of time. The existence of this antagonism and its influences, should always be taken into account. Had the department orders given me discretion in the matter, I should have left the Philadelphia at Hono lulu and returned to San Francisco with my staff, by mall steamer; fail ing the arrival of the Charleston by tho Sth, but as a they were entirely unqualified I had no choice but to obey them at the earliest possible moment that such a course was Justi fied by paramount public Interests. I trust that another ship will be sent to Honolulu at tho earliest practicable moment. AN OKUKI! KOIt Vj;fiSKl.S. Washington, Dec. 20. A resolu tion will be introduced in Congresa, probably in both houses, looking to the Immediate' ordering of ono or more naval vessls to Honolulu. Sena tor Lodge of Massachusetts will prob ahlv introduce the resolution in the Senate. The exact form in which the resolution will be drawn la not yet de cided on. It may come in the form of an inquiry as to why a naval vessel has not been kept at Honolulu, but is more apt to be an expression of opinion by Congress that a naval, force sufficient to maintain American prestige and to prevent foreign Inter- ! ference In affairs of Hawaii should be sent at once to iionoiuiu.