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COMMERCIAL a tvIkrtisEB: HONOLDLTJ, JANUARY 18, 1895.
t T rr W A XT' TT'C; TT TCTTBTY1 r i rA TERRIFIC COMBAT. BCHOFIELD'S BATTLE WITH HOOD'S Invading army at franklin. 0rtkea ob thm MatcIi to NwhTlUe bj a Tfctfty Snperta Force, Schofleld Turned pel Dealt the Enemy Stnnnlnjr IIIow. Deeper! Charge nd Awful Crnre. rCVynrrlrM- 13H. by tlfli. Book rlj A m ririn Preiw Assoc ia- ktareserredJ niRTY years ago the 30th of No vember the dN peratfl battle of Franklin took place between the Confederate army of Hood and a Union force under General John M. Schofleld, the present general in chief of the United States armies. It wa a field marked by heroic deed and matchlosa Indlridual prowess, yet noted for the absence of anything like strategy or tactics. Ilood's 50,000 soldiers attempted to run down and overwhelm 3hrtfliri' 20.000. The resultant struggle -was a purely phjsical one, and had Scho fleld lost the day the disaster might have changed the face of things In the west. Two featorea of the battle of Franklin "placed It among the brilliant and bloody contests of the time namely, the fiery charge of General Cleburne's Confederate division and the equally fierce counter charge of General Opdycke's Union bri gade, and there was something unusual on foot acting as spurs to martial valor. Hood had entered upon the march from Columbia toward Nashville In hopes of surprising the defenders of middle Ten nessee, and Schofleld, with an Inferior force placed across the Confederate front, had Impeded the march- Only the day be TTwvi hud almost surrounded Scheflftld at Spring Hill, but owing, as be asserted, to the slowness of his subordinate gen erals In attacking, the Union forces had slipped out of the trap In the night and by a forced march reached Franklin, on the south bank of the Harpeth river. At Franklin Schofleld halted his col umns on the southern border of the town, where a line of slight lntrenchments was hastily constructed, and the weary sol diers lay down on their arms to enjoy a brief rest while the long army trains were crossing the river over a couple of rude bridges to a safer position north of the stream. The troops of Schofleld's Twenty third corps, commanded by General J. D. Cox, occupied the main line of works, which extended across the Columbia and Nashville pike, along which Hood was marching in active pursuit. The extrem ities of the works rested on the river bank nhovn nnd below the town, and the only break in the line was at the point where the pike ran through: There a gap had been left In order to accommodate the trains and artillery as well as the brigades bringing up the rear. These latter, throe In number, belonged to General D. M. Stanley's Twenty-fourth corps and consti tuted Wagner's division. Stanley crossed the Harpeth with Wood's division of his corps, leaving Wagner to handle the rear guard. Of the throe brigades In Wagner's division two, Conrade's and Iane's, were halted by General Cox's order on a knoll half a mile in front of the general line and covering the gap In the works at the plke-4Xa5ner,s thIrd brigade, led by GeneraTEnTerson - Qpdycke, acted as ex-, tremerear guard throughout the march from Spring Hitf tg Franklin nmlMTcral times checked tho impetuous Confederate advance. Late in tho afternoon H filed i,Mir.h tvn Tm intn the works at Frank- lln, and the men rested In reserve behind Cox's own division, close to the pike. Schofleld bad no object In accepting bat tle at Franklin except to defend his pas sage over the river, which was to commence at dark. But Jlood's main body reached the vicinity soon after noon, and tho open nature of the ground enabled the antago nists to view each other's movements. To Ilood's men the spectacle was tantalizing In the extreme, for there, with a river at his back, lay the foe that had so often eluded their blows. Besides, the words of recrimination over the Issue at Spring Hill spoken by Hood that morning and the night before burned In the veins of his generals, and the spirit aroused by them communicated Itself to the men. Cle burne especially, a renowned and gallant leader, was deeply cut by Ilood's declara tion that his favorite troops, naming Cle burne's, bad disappointed his hopes at tho most critical point in the campaign. When the Confederate lines were form ing for the attack, Cleburne's division held the right and rested on tho pike con fronted by the Union works and troops al ready described. Hood stated to his sub ordinates that he desired that the enemy bo driven into tho Harpeth river at all hazards, and anticipating hot work Cle burne asked permission to form his divi sion into throe lines of one brigade each. Hood granted the request, although Stew art's corps of his army had not come up, and his line was shorter than he desired. After forming his column Cleburne rode back to Hood and said, "General, I am ready and have more hope in the final sue- . of & Vine line of Con . , -t,ct runidlr In perfect oruer. with banners waving . i .. i i r.vt mm nt the se tuner sun. With a yell Cleburne's men rushed Into the works, and when the defenders, after . noairca resistance, broke lor a Dr9v uav - , . the rear they followed at their heels, shoot I lne down and capturing hundreds and tr nnd Another. "Go into the cr,, ? a twl More Uks wild work.." ouu i - . , . then than soldiers. liejrarae b ecii iiri-a HfKhM over the half" mile that . . a aTYtrrrrfl crater line and lay " - itch t.Mv- tJT. . i . the stronghold on theplka. The astonished defenders of the second mw oare jwure .n .cuiiiants far fear of nlttinxf ccm- mm wVirt were either leading Cleburne's men or mingling with them In t hell, toad Ones at the rear works the onset of HohnTnp'a men was so lmoetuoua that the U1U1C13 . " rilna few minutes, or before the reserves In tho third line comprehended the crisis, Cleburne's banners waved over them, his men occupied a breach the orMth of a resiment. and intoxicated with triumph were dashing ahead along the pike to pounce upon the reserves. ramirhiiA Ond-vcke's soldiers, unmind ful of the affairs at the extreme Dpst. bad been taking the breathing spell richly earned by serving as rear guard cfti the march that day. nnpVa KiH Tin nnlprH- PTc&nto to rest UAi;vv w r - t j Ma t.iwm Th soldiers were getting ready their suppers or munching raw rations when tho breastworks they had- just marched past were carried by a lightning .,v. nf v.a CnntaAfTHtetfL. who then were lUMi VA fruvr w v V , . at their heels. The men instinctively threw down their handfuls of bread ana nnrV nnd took uo their weapons. The moment the men in gray were seen swarming and shooting on the line where hrr m.l no business to be. Opdycke's com mands rang out as calmly and clear cut as though he had rehearsed them, thongh cnMir nn aueh combination of orders had wwt nulled for theretofore. 4 First brigade, fall In I Charge bayonets! Double ,il1rl" ncfTfk the WOHIS. rirvi vVa nishnd to do his nart. spurring bis horse toward the point and shooting right and left with his revolver. After emptying the chambers he clubbed tho weapon, and after breaking the barrel from Its handle over the head of some luckless otmiv UrVrt. whn had cot too far on the wrong side of the dividing line, ho jumped from his horse and took a musses iruiu snlrilpp and struck this way and that until he stood at tho second lino of iprtrl-a enrmnnded bv his men. Then for an hour in that narrow space raged the hottest open field and Dreasi- nnVa c f m rr rrl A nf the War. The Twelfth and Sixteenth Kentucky of Bellly's Union brigade, whose works had been broached, and tno survivors ui wju rade's and Lane's commands, who had Tal lied at the reserves, hurled therasolves with- 1894. LOOKING Jl BACKWARD On our success for 'the past year that we have oeen in business we are more than Wlo cod wifVi nnr sales, and. we eel confident that all our transactions with our custom- oto horo Vtapn nf such a nature that they are as fully pleased as we are. Looking Forward Tn f lift nmsiifict for the com ing year we hope that we have or niMAPfi nnr Datrons maiwe will cAA f liftm aerain. and that their friends will see how nice ly they have been ntted out and profit thereby. Wfl shall creatly increase ftY cfnnlr this comincr year, receiving new and fresh goods rvu- ovnrv sTeamer uirecu nuui tiie most reliable manufact urers of Europe. Timely Su; fny f.ViA romint? few months and hints on our specialities. T.ndipa' Tfndfirwear in Mus lin, Flannels and Silks at greatly reduced prices. i'.iii i iiii.ini www Black, and Tan at prices that will snmnsfl VOU. A fine assortment of Silks in all shades and grades from 5fl fonfcs nn. Pomnlpffl stock of Ladies' Gloves, and Silk Mitts, Nit ting Silks, (in all shades) in 9 4- Vq rln-nlipjlf.P.n. m- r MM LINE OF" Gents Fun khin '0 Goods -AT 413 Fort Street. SOW FOR BUSINESS. o nnn?f rrrr a An hnsinflss with the "left-overs" of past v. - j TTTTT' TTAVrC 'THf seasons. I5uy good, ciean, iresn gooas. uii haiu jjx. TBE MANDFACTDRERS' SHOE COMPANY, 516 TOST STREET. Pacific Guano and Fertilizer COMPANY. n v wu.rnv Prpsident. T. MA Y .... Auditor. j. F. HA.CKFELD. . . .Vice-President. E. 8UHR. . . .Secretary and Treasurer. 1RCHANT TAILORING A Specialty. Notice is called to our window UNDERWEAR I. O. BOX 484. MUTUAL TEL. 467. OUR NEW WORKS AT KALI HI being completed, we are now ready to lornisn an junua ui 75 CENTS PER GARMENT VTm- DoErtn jo" inspect ARTIFICIAL : FERTILIZERS ! ftrpt 1 and Childrens' fine Shoe3 and Slippers. Temple of Fashion 519 Fort Street, n ETC., ALSO CONSTANTLY ON HAND TJonifir rvnrL-no. "PotAsli. Snlrliate of Ammonia, -a. wtwaaaw y w Nitrate of Soda, Oalcinea uenuizer . ETC.. iJriU' O- X Call and inspect oat stock. EIC., M. O. 8IL.VA, Proprietor SGEXX OF THE STnUGGLE. cess of our cause than I had at any time Elnoe the firs gun was fired." The charge waa sounded, and he turned at once to the head of hla columns. Cleburne's division advanced along the Columbia pike, which bisected the Union lne near the center, the most hazardous t&lnf to attack, the works being the heav iest and the best manned with troops and rannon. There were 33 Union guns in the works and In reserve in or near the la the center. The nrsz opposition to mmaSd aecAnlt was made bv the bri- gades of Lane and Conradc of Wagner s di vision. These troops had strengthened their position In the knoll by constructing slight breastworks. The only signal to ,.U hpm of tuck was the sudd?n TIIE RUSH OF OPDrCKE AST) niS MES. out orders and with an ardor equal to that of Opdycke's followers upon the gwanning assailants, soon to bo inspired by the arrival of their commanding gen stnivr. who had leaned into the sml die the instant the first rifle report signal ing that the battle was on reached his blvouao north of Harpeth river. Galloping intn th thmnc of friends and foes com mingled, Stanley cheered on his men until a painful wound laid him low. xne vou federates on the right and left of Cle i.nm'fl cnlumn. catching up the advan tanA o-nlnod bv his thundering blows, intnmi 1 r. tv nccAiilt to drivo the wedge home. Stewart's belated corps, having omn nn nttetr Cleburno formed his line, found tho space too narrow between the pike and river to accommodate Its brigades, ami thMA snrwd to tho left, following in riohtiTHP'a footstens and flehting over the same ground. Union officers in tho works along tho pike counted 13 separate and distinct Confederato assaults on their trhtcr in tho ranks of gray was frightful in tho extreme, tho officers leading their men xeariessiy upon wo T'ntnn Mnnnn and bavoncts. General Adams of Stewart's corps spurred his horse upon tho pamper, and riaer ana sxoeu ien there together, comrades in death, with hundreds who followed tneir uaring cau ar Viva Pnnftxlprate ircnerals. including Cleburne, were killed and eight 60vcrely wounded in close contact with tho Union works. Cleburno rushed from point to point, leading charge after charge againsi the most stubborn positions 01 inv em-wj . Finally ono of his subordinate officers, nnnnri fjmniirrrv. commanding tho bri- hrvAched the second line on the pike and was fighting hand to hand with nrvlvrkfi's reserves inside the barri cades, fell dead. Cleburne, seeing at that moment a Union charge that threat PTlrtl to 8W1VT1 Cranberry's struggliag sol diers out of the works, rode to the spot to inspire tho men In place of their fallen leader. He galloped at a dashing pace trrns nn onen field SWCUt DT a hall Of mis Iles so thick that both norso ana riaer were pierced with many bullets before reaching their destination, and both fell tvithin a fv foot of the works which Op- dycke and other reserves were struggling manfully to recapture. Tint nnt crencrals alone bore off the hon ors for valor on the field of Franklin. Sol iHpm vil vrith their leaders In reckless exposure of their lives. Often rival flags floated side by sido on the same parapet, and their bearers or defenders fought tr-ith rlnbbed rlfiaa and with dlVPUUV w &. v. iiirnnptjiiu jtaraniers. The Seventy-sec ond nilnois reglmeut of Wagner's division nearW wined out. every field officer. its cnlor cunrd. consisting of a sergeant and eight corporals, and 150 men being shot down. The Forty-rourtn jaissoun fl'ninnY. lvinir npit to the cap where the first break occurred, changed front under fire and maintained its grouna. witn a loss of 34 killed and 37 wounded. The car nage on tho Confederate side was still more terrible, tho killed and wounded rvachin a total of qulto 6,000. Schofleld held his ground and at night crosiod tho river unmolested by Ilood's shattered army. Ueoizge L. Kilmek. Mutual Tel. 266. P. O. Box 158 . WING WO TAI & 0., 214 NUUANU STREET, HONOLULU, H. I. Comniission Merchants IMPORTEBB AND ISALERa IN General Merchandise, Fine Manila Cigars, Cmnese and J apanese rocerjr i c. XJ' A fine assortment of Dress Silks. rT Inspection of new Goods respect fully solicited. Special attention given to analysis of soils by our Agricultural Chemist. All goods are guaranieea in every rajrok. yy For further particulars apply to PACIFIC GUANO AND FERTILIZER COMPANY DR. W. AYERDAMManazer. VAKCAMP .I0BNST0N & STOREY' 413 . Fort Street 3345-tf Her Why let her waste her strength and time running all over town for goods when THAT -:- WOMAN can come to my Btore and find just what she wants in my Clearance SALE which will last for SO days; a epecialty each wek. I must have room for my new Spring Stock which will be large and choice. This week I am of fering my entire stock of Millinery, Flowers, Feathers, Aigarettes, Un- t rimmed and Trimmed Hats FOR 50 Cents. OS THE DOLLAR. vVwvYvvoVce cKoiee toVuVves, Monochromes, etc . Ivtst to Fwairvd- - 10,000FtfU0ttldvtVj The Hawaiian Electric Coropanp The Hawaiian Gazette Compant manufacture rubber stamp of all descriptions. J. J. EGAN. 514 Fort Street. 3S19-tf THE HOLLISTEE DKUG COMPANY ARE SHOWING- THE FINEST LIITE8 EN" THE CITY OF Handsome Toilet Cases, j Manicure Sets, Odor Cases, Sacliets, AND THE CHOICEST PERFUMES FROM THE LABORATORIES OF LUBIjS, LUNDBORG, COLGATE, ATKINSON. ETC. Are now prepared to wire houses either by contract or rlav labor and to famish elec tric lamps, chandeliers ana fittings of all descriptions ana of elegant modern styles at reasonable rates. KT The Company is now extending its linetoKapiolani Park, and parties dwelling on the route who are desirous of liainrr orTrtKPpA Q.XH thO svstflm. will please commum www T cate with THE0. HOFFMANN, Manages. Hawaiian Electric Co