THJ5 1'ACIKIC COM?.fT(CiAK A1IVEKTISER: HONOLULU, FEBRUARY 7, 1895.
THE FINANCE ISSUE.
NOT MUCH PROSPECT OF A SPEEDY
A Fimitlo View From Mljwourl Mr.
? printer's Substitute Bill Conrrettm&a
Brym'e Radical Idea Everybody at Sea
on the Financial Question.
Washington, Jan. 7. Congress began
cn the currency bill where it left off before
the holidays, and worse torn tip, If possi
ble. Mr. Cleveland returns from his south
ern jaunt greatly improved in health and
a little more positive in his view and Is
eager for the fray. Local dealers were
most agreeably surprised at the extent of
the holiday trade. The general health of
Washington is better than In any January
fcince the war, and the police census shows
that the population is increasing. It is
remarked as an encouraging fact that,
while comparatively few articles of great
value were bought for Christmas, the
working people clerks and folks of that
class generally had money enough to
make up for it, and the organized charities
report the general situation as up to the
average. On tho other hand, however, it
grows dally more evident that this con
gress is all at sea on financial subjects
and the old heads now announce as a cer
tainty that If no bill is passed the presi
dent will call the Fifty-fourth congress
early In extra session. Letters of grave
import come from all the agricultural re
gions to members who remained here over
the holidays, visiting financiers are pessi
mistic to a painful degree, and returning
statesmen are seriously depressed.
Tho Uark Side.
"In my district," says a Missouri con
gressman, "wheat Is 40 cents and corn 35,
good horses can be had at your own price,
and so on down to dogs and tow headed
children. For some of our best crops there
is no sale whatever, and everything is go
ing down except debts, taxes and mort
gages, and tho worst of it is there is no
prospect of an improvement in the near
future. The people have settled down with
a kind of grim and sullen determination
to grin and bear it, and the belief is gen
eral that we shall be as long in getting
over the trouble as we were after the panlo
of 1873. These eastern fellows are promis
ing all sort's of glorious things if we will
only vote for their measures, but they do
not give a bill of particulars. Not a man
of them can point , out any factor which
will make times better until we have
raised two more crops and all the men
now deeply in debt are bankrupted and all
the mortgaged farms confiscated. At home
it looks to me as if no flesh could be saved
except these days are shortened, and I
have but a faint hope that for the elects'
ake the days will be shortened." The
little group of western and southern con-
gressmen and waiters on congress who
discuss politics in the rotunda of the Met
ropolitan hotel are Just a little worse rat
tled than they have yet been in this con
gress. I was told by some of them before
the holidays that they had not made up
their minds on the currency bill and would
take the documents home with them and
study the matter thoroughly, but if they
have since made up their minds they aro
not revealing the same.
A Significant Sign.
Mr. Springer is harassed a good deal
for his latest opinion on the prospects, but
the most that he will say beyond what be
has already said in his speeches Is that tho
people do not understand his substitute
bill, and if they did they would approve
of it, both statements very doubtful. One
of the best signs that the dominant party
is very much at sea is found in the fact
that they are willing to allow the debate
to run on as long as the minority care to
have it. Mr. Crisp and Mr. Catchings say
the ng debate Is allowed because of the
great importance of the measure, but wo
may presume that they are making a vir
tue of necessity.
Among the significant signs is the great
demand for the speech delivered against
the bill by Mr. Bryan of Nebraska. It was
certainly an able speech, whatever one may
think of his conclusions, but the point of
chief interest is his declaration that par
tics must reform their lines on the finan
cial issue. In private conversation he is
much more emphatlo than in his speech
and declares that there must be a general
realignment, like that which took place
on the slavery question and the war; that
"there musl be an exchange of prisoners,
and men who think together must act to
gether." It is also an interesting fact that
all the test votes of the long session are
1Iftfd on ery carefully scanned, and the
attitude of members elect to the next
house Is Inquired about with great eager-ne-
In short, a general summary of the
tait of members shows that this year opens
with an uncertainty about financial legis
lation not exceeded since 1861 and a Gen
eral looking for of a hard and prolonged
t-traln. both in lawmaking and business.
A Gloomy Forecast,
"And so you think there is to bo an era
of stability?" said a prominent Democrat
talking to a group of his colleagues. " You
never were worse mistaken in your lives.
My guess is that the country is entering
on an era of tho worst unret and discon
tent it has seen for 40 years. I do not be
lieve there will bo great strikes and riots,
as there were in 1877 at least I hope not
but party bitterness will be awful, for
it will be a bread and butter question
with millions of people. I have come to
the conclusion that there cannot bo stabil
ity so long as our financial and revenue
system depends on a party and an acci
dental majority. The Republicans say if
they were let alone they would establish
a permanent system, ami perhaps they
would, but every man of sense knows that
one party cannot stay in power in this
ooaIn'17- Tere n"t be a system which
satisfies both parties, and I don't know
any one wi?c enough to get up such a sys
tem in a hurry. Lvcr since I came here,
ten years ago, all the talk has been that
business was drzwiifoiif: oji tht nrjr ,W-
I I II
tion and we xnuHt inue a change. Well,
I cannot remember a time when business
depended so much on the next election as
now, and all the wisdom of all the wis
men cannot tell how the next election Is
going. Business is gambling, and politics
is trickery, and so they will continue so
long as their adulterous union lasts. "
After listening to this and a good deal
more of the same kind it was like a comic
afterpiece following a tragedy to hear the
talk of the Populists who had lately at
tended the national caucus of their party
at St. Louis. It Is noticeable that those
who have served even one term in congress
were earnest in that caucus in favor of a
short platform and only one or two promi
nent issues, while those without experi
ence were in favor of sweeping the whole
field. Jerry Simpson says that all the lib
eral elements of the west, including nearly
all the Democrats west of Ohio, could be
combined in 1806 on a platform with three
planks free coinage of silver, with dis
continuance of national banks; reduction
of the tariff to a real revenue basis, and
such government control of railroads and
telegraphs as will ultimately lead to gov
ernment ownership. Jerry says that the
railroad charged his constituents last sum
mer from three to seven times as much
per car of watermelons to Kansas City as
per car of wheat simply because the farm
er could wait with the wheat and couldn't
with tho watermelons, and so 'the traffio
would bear it."
Pro pec t of Legislation.
If I may judge the whole from those
who talk freely to me, the faction in favor
of doing nothing but routine business at
this session has grown rapidly during the
holidays. By the same test the unwilling
ness to 6ee n called session of the Fifty
fourth concrress has grown rapidly less.
Western Democrats of tho type of Mr.
Bryan, Mr. fJeary of California, Mr. Mc
Gann of Chicago and Champ Clark say
that no banking and currency bill what
ever can prove a success, and with them
agree, as I think, a majority of the repre
sentatives from the gulf states. They
think this year Is to give our financial sys
tem the severest trial it has had in our
time, and while the bnst attainable bill
would fall to do good there aro inherent
defects in all the bills proposed. As any
bill passed this year is certain to fail, they
very naturally prefer to have the Repub
licans take tho responsibility of it. Of
course most of these men maintain that
the gold basis Is steadily contracting, and
that on that basis no human wisdom can
insure a large paper currency. They arc
for more silver in some form and mo6t of
them for free coinage. Nevertheless Mr.
Bland does not hope to get his amendment
or substitute adopted. There is not much
news in the statement that this congress
Is very much at sea on tho finances, but
the fact, as shown by tho talk of all tho
members who have recently conferred with
their constituents, that it is more at sea
now than ever Is Important and makes me
wonder at the confident statements of
some of the leading metropolitan papers
that a satisfactory bill will soon bo passed.
J. B. Parke.
WHY HE WAS DISCHARGED.
Fright of m Young Ilrakeman Left Alone
In the 'Wilderness of Arkansas.
I Speci al Correspondence. '
St. Louis, Jan. 8. I had occasion this
morning to go with a friend to tho freight
terminal that connects with the Mer
chants' bridge. On our way back ho fell
into a reminiscent mood.
"You novor knew," he asked, "that I
was once a brakeman, did you? Well, I
was, on one of the roads that runs through
the Arkansas wildernesses and terminates
here. I met with much difficulty in get
ting the job, so much Indeed that if I
had not been fairly infatuated with the
notion of being a railroad man I should
never have persisted until I won my point.
"I did not continue twisting brakes
very long, but quite long enough to suit
me. I got a terrible scare one night, and
my subsequent conduct was what brought
about my discharge. I was attached to a
repair train, and wo were at work In the
interior of the state, where the population
was sparse and the stations were far apart.
I forget exactly the occasion of the order,
but anyhow about midnight I was directed
to remain behind with a red lantern while
the train proceeded. I was to flag a pas
senger train expected to follow in about
two hours. At that point tho lino threaded
the densest woods imaginable, and as tho
lights of the caboose of the repair train
disappeared up the road my task seemed
likely to bo very dreary and very lonesome.
'My gloomy anticipations were shortly
fulfilled. While yet I could hear the puff
ing of the engine in the distance I began
also to hear the most frightful noises In
the forest on cither side of the track. It
seemed to me that the woods were throng
ing with fierce wild beasts. In 15 minutes
I was In a perfect fever of fright, and this
was followed by a sort of emotional shak
ing palsy. My teeth chattered as though I
had the ague, and I was covered with cold
sweat.- I believe I would have died from
heart failure, brought on by fear, if I had
remained there another 15 minutes, let
alono two hours. So, in an agony of des
peration, I picked up my lantern and ran
down tho track In tho direction from
which the train was to come. I had some
hopes of meeting it if I went far enough,
but these hopes were not realized. When
I had covered about flvo miles, I came to
a clearing in which stood a log hut. To
this hut I applied for shelter, and after I
had succeeded in awaking the inmates
was kindly received and made as comfort
able as possible till daylight. I must have
forgotten all about the train; but, fortu
nately for its passengers, it was hours late
and did not como along until 10 o'clock in
the morning, long after I had awakened
and returned to my post as flagman.
If I bad not been foolish enough to
tell a brother brakeman of my fright and
flight, I might have held the job probably,
for no real harm had been done, but as it
was my services were very shortly dis
What were tho noises I heard in the
woods? Nothing but the yelling of coyotes,
but they were just as horrible to me then
ns if thpy bad been tho crying of tigers
and the roaring of Hons. No, I have never
been sorry that I did not remain a brake
man, but I have always been ashamed
that I ran awny, and I think my dischargo
because I did was a good thing for me. It
taught mo to hold my ground, no matter
what the apparent danger and difficulty
in so doing." vV. E. D.
Cramp In the Leg.
An instant relief for cramp in the legs,
which awakens some people up from their
morning sleep, Is had by turning in the
toes. If possible, get the feet to the floor,
and although tho idea of moving them
seems like torture the cramp immediately
vanishes when this position is assumed.
Tho toes can be turned in," however,
while the sufferer is still recumbent.
The Hawaiian Gazette Company
manufacture rubber starops r.f all j
THE MAN DRESSMAKER.
How a Gotham lielle Irees a la Made
and Keep Within Her Allowance.
(Special Correspondence. 1
New York, Jan. 7. Mme. Melba, in
displaying her trousseau to a fashion writ
er, affirmed that the tailor made gown has
disappeared from Paris, yet the man dress
maker continues to multiply and grow
rich in Gotham. But many of the richest
and most fashionable society women, with
the economic shrewdness of their French
sisters, have long since divided their alle
giance between the imported and the home
Redfern, tho famous English man dress
maker, occupies a five story brownstone
front in close proximity to Delmonlco's.
Emblazoned in letters of gold on the high
steps that lead to the Fifth avenue en
trance is a legend not without awe to an
tra veled democracy, 44 Court Dressmaker
to Her Majesty the Queen, IL R. II.
Prince of Wales, the Empress of Russia."
Similar legends, together with tho English
and Russian coat of arms, decorate the ex
terior walls of both the Fifth avenue and
Broadway Eides. A servant in livery opens
On entering tho lofty ceiled salon, once
familiar with the wit and beauty of
Knickerbocker days, a young English
woman meets tho visitor with the ques
tion, "Has madam an appointment?"
Divinely tall, divinely fair, her waist
was wasplike, her bust a Hogarth line.
A thoroughly groomed creature, she was
good to look upon, and restful was her
low, resonant voice.
She wore a black cloth gown. The front
of the skirt and the bodice were embroid
ered in tan colored braid, while the train
of black velvet seemed to begin and end
nowhere, so gracefully did it yield to ev
ery movement of the superb figure. This
room is lined with shelves and cases, with
mirrored doors. The shelves reach to the
ceiling and are piled with huge rolls of
cloth of varied color and texture, prod
ucts, for the most part, of English looms.
The establishment has a large force of
saleswomen, designers and modistes im
ported from England. Some have long
been apprenticed to Redfern, the elder,
while others are gathered yearly as the
theatrical managers make up an opera
All the saleswomen have the wasplike
waists with which fashion plates have fa
miliarized us. Despite physical culture
authorities, however, these waists do not
prevent them from handling the great
rolls of cloth with the agility of "light
weights." "If they are laced," says Redfern,
"could they toss such rolls of stuff?"
If not laced, is the mental reservation
of the beholder, where does Redfern find
women of this mold? W
Various wire forms bedecked in gowns
and jackets were on every side, at table sat
two swagger girls examining fashion
plates, while a saleswoman in a gown of
blue cloth rich in sable tail trimming in
terposed now and then a professional sug
gestion. The gown of every employee be
speaks the house. After a dress has been
copied two or three times it is donned by
the saleswoman best adapted to display it.
In the upper rooms customers are meas
ured and fitted. A man measures for the
pattern, a woman adjusts tho lining, slip
ping on, if necessary, a series of pads
6 1 rung together on rubber ribbons. It sug
gests an anatomical museum. Pads under
the arms, pads in the hollows of shoulders
or neck every spot nature has defrauded
the man tailor redeems with cotton.
Dressmakers acknowledge their indebt
edness to tho ingenuity of the man tailor.
The bodice fastened on the customer, the
man tailor returns to the sacred precinct
and deftly takes in or lets out the appar
ently infinitesimal bits so essential to the
perfection of the whole.
The chief decoration of these apartments
are signs, Payment After First Fitting."
"Alas," sighed tho proprietor, "a gown
is often worn out before we receive our
Rest assured, only women of unques
tionable wealth are indulged to that ex
tent by the English autocrat.
Taste for a Redfern gown is not unlike
that for olives. If on has it not instinc
tively, it must be cultivated. A gown of
plainest stuff costs $95. while a cloth may
be had for $125, tho lowest possible figure.
Redfern's private exhibition rooms are
rarely without artists making sketches of
his latest creations for fashion journals or
the great dailies.
When n woman finds it necessary to
economize after the extravagance of a
Redfern creation, sho patronizes a tailor
in upper Second avenue, tho neighborhood
of green groceries, Chinese laundries and
dirty babies. He may be found in one of
a bedizened row of old time residences.
The basement is occupied by Hope Lee
and a troop of Celestials. On tho post of
the high steps that lead to the house proper
swings a signboard. One side bears an
impressionistic landscape, with a damsel in
springy attire outlined against an indigo
sky. The other side of the sign partakes
of the winter's chill a tailor made girl
is braving. Above, in weather beaten let
ters, Is the sign, "Ladies Fashionable Tai
lor." A pretty Jewess opens the door and
ushers the customer into the presence of
the proprietor. He is a short, chubby man,
with an amiable face. A skullcap con
ceals a caul. On tho first finger of his left
hand bo wears a huge opal ring, nis bow
Is courtly, his manners winning. His
natty attire distills the odor of a question
able Havana. The room Is stuffy. A long
lino of towns In various stages of fashion
ing hang the length of the room. Through
a half opened door one may catch a glimpse
of somo 50 girls and boys operating as
many machines. The air is dense' with
tobacco smoke and redolent of garlic. A
portion of tho front room facing the 6treet
is cut off by a portiere, within which are
a mirror and a divan.
The customer to be fitted is the optical
victim of whoever chances to bo within
the inclosure. There seems to be a roll call
of the establishment when tho old gentle
man steps behind the portiere, carrying a
bodice or coat to be fitted. The whole is
very Dickencsque. Chic damsels, with
violin or guitar case, accompanied by their
maids; bedrabbled variety actresses or
chorus girls; fat, greasy Jewesses, well
groomed; fashionably attired women of
breeding and refinement, nursery maids,
demimonde, the tag ends of creation, are
to bo met within the portiere's narrow
The tailor had a pleasant word for each
as his deft fingers molded the cloth to the
wearer's form. In his world he is no less
an autocrat, no less an artist, than Red
fern. Ho makes 50 gowns a week. His
prices range from $10 to $13, including
findings. He rarely fails to give a perfect
fit. This man makes the ordinary gowns of
fastidious women who furnish their own
materials. The woman of many engage
ments preserves tho gowns of the Second
avenuo tailor for one set of acquaintances,
while another more appreciative feasts on
tho Englishman's skill.
Li da Rose McCabe. .
TIja Dnily Advertiser 75 cents a
February 9th, and continuing
for ONE WEEK, we will hold
the LARGEST REMNANT
SALEof the SEASON. At the
prices we are asking every
piece will be sold. Read what
follows and kindly bear in
Goes far toward establishing
the standing of a business
house in any community, and
the good-will and patronage
we have had during the last
forty years indicate, not only
that we have the popular ap
proval, but that those who
have dealt with us have been
eminently satisfied with their
And retain patronage more
by the excellence of qualities
shown and our reasonable
prices than by preposterous
claims of selling goods below
As we have said before that
when you pay less -for goods
than we ask for them you get
an inferior quality.
Carry a stock of dry
goods that is complete
in every sense, rrom
the lowest priced goods
to the most luxurious made,
we make a specialty of the
highest grade, and exclusive
designs of the most recent and
Worth your while always in
making purchases to look at
our stock before deciding. If
we have what you want you
will certainly buy it, if quality
and price are any consid
eration. B. F. SILLERS & CO.
IMPORTER AND DKALXR IN
Of Every rescription Including
OAK, ASH, HICKORY
' AND 1
WHITE WOOD LUMBER,
Spoke?, all sizes ; Savern Wheels,
Wood Hub Wheels, Sawed Felloes,
Bent Rims from 1 to 2 inches,
Damp Cart Shafts, Wagon Poles,
Wagon and Cart Hubs, all sizes ;
AND A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
Carriage Hardware, Norway Iron,
and Steel Tires.
Haying a long experience in the
Carriage Business, I am prepared to sup
ply Carriage Euilders, Plantations, etc.,
with first-class materials, personally
selected, at tbe very lowest cash prices.
3C"A11 Island orders will receive
... . . ...,
Corner Alakea and Hotel Streets.
rxar-Tplephonp No. 350. 8878-tf
Nrstl's Milk Fooi for infants has. during 25
years, grown in fvor with both doctors and
mother throughout the world, and is now un
questionably lii-t o.ily the best substitute for
tnothrrs miik, but the food which agrees with
tbe '. --est percentage of infants. It Rives
trer.:h and stamina to resist the weakening
eife n ui h t weather, and h.s saved the lives of
thuajTi.-is of ir.far.ts. To any mother sendinsr
her aridres, and .mentioning this paper, we will
send samples and description of etie" Food.
Tho Leemiaf & Co., Sole Agta, 29 II array St, T.
Trie Agency for
NESTLE'S MIX.K FOOD
IS WITH THE
Hollisier Dreg Company, Limited
523 Fort Street. Honolulu, H. T.
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery
Practical Confectioner and Baker,
NO. -71 HOTEL STREET.
WE'VE- GOT THEM!
The Right Goods, Right Prices,
Right Shades at the Right Time.
NEW SPKING NOVELTIES
WASH MATERI A T.S.
Printed Irish Lawns in new designs; ew Dimities in figured and solid colors;
Plain and Satin Striped Cotton Crapes in delicate shades and fancy figured.
COTTON DUCK! COTTON DUC1I ! !
In solid colors, stripes and polka dots.
Ginghams, Ginghams, Ginghams; an immense variety in stripes and plaids;
New Percales, New Prints, New Muslins; Latest designs in Flannelettes,
DON'T FAIL TO SEE TOE
New Golden Draperie:
520 Fort Street
Said to te Super
ior to H avail as !
HOLLI8TER & GQ,
of Tobaocot, Cigara, Smokers' Articles, "Wax
G. N. WILCOX President.
J. F. HACKFELD Vice-President.
J?. O. BOX 484.
OUR NEW WORKS AT KALI HI being completed, we are now ready
to furnish all kinds of
ARTIFICIAL :- FERTILIZERS !
ALSO CONSTANTLY ON HAND
Pacific Guano, Potash, Sulphate of Ammonia,
Nitrate of Soda, Calcined Fertilizer Salts
ETC., ErC, ETC., E1C, ETC
Special attention given to analysis of soils by our Agricultural Chemist.
Ail goods are guaranteed in every respect.
CZOTFot further particulars apply to .
PACIFIC GUANO AND FERTILIZER COMPANY
DR. W. AVERDAM, Manager;
Qiye the Baby
7U0I TtCW-T: majnTvLHUC,
V -. -' wm.fi
BENSON, SMITH & CO.,
ENTERPRISE PLANING MILL
PETER HIGH & CO., - - Proprietors.
OFFICE MILL :
Alakea and Bichards near Queen Stroet, Honolulu. Q i
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Screens, Frames, Stc.
TURNED AND AWED WOKK
CXJ' Prompt attention to all order.
T K 1-. i f
Sto. ISto. ' "
1 ,,, J
T. MAY . . . .Auditor.
E. 8TJHR. . . .Secretary and Treasurer.
MUTUAL TEL. 467.
A Perfect Nutriment
fob Growinq Childrcc
and tbe Aced, and
In Acate IIIne and
all W actio Diaemaea.
for Hand-fed Infants.
OCR BOOK for the Instruction
of moth era, "The Care aid Feefc
Ib af Inaaca,"wUl be maUedVaa
to any address, upon request.
BOSTON, MASS., U. 8. A.
for trie Hawaiian Islands.
O jv K to :
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