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filial .K. 'AAA iSl Av r 8S ! I rf Lc 1 Established July s, J8CG. VOIj. XXI.. .NO. 3940. HOiNOIiTJIiTJ. HAWAIIAN ISIiAlTOS, TUESDAY, MAUCH 12, 1S95. PKICE: 5 CENTS. M 'I N rl H (I (I Mi il 1 1 il MP i! ;i M i lit H Fl M 111 fl fl iVVrr?vi t.wf-rvt-r-?"- -lw,'tfw-V?fe2 -V;4;v . , c j JA It H It! ; i LM Ul ? :1 WW ft il-. Uusincss (Tariis. IDE HAWAIIAN SAFE DEPOSIT AJJI ' INVESTMENT COMPANY, HONOLULU, n. I. Have Safe Deposit Boxes of various sizes to rent by the month or year. Stocks and Bonds Bcugtt and Sold AOZXTS TOR 8 an Iniarnc Office of London. AGISTS FOR Ort Northern Hallway. Ticket Held to All folati. AGENTS TOR The TTawalian Land and Improre- mcot Company (Limited.). Some of the finest Coffee and Fruit Land on the Inlands for sale upon very favorable terms. 3878-tf (J. BREWER & CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Uonolala, 27. 1. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., llonoma Sugar Co., Wailaka fiugarCo., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pala Ranch. Planters' line San Francisco Packets . . Ohas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of TJnder--writers. LIST OPOFFICKRS: . P. C. JojfK8 President Qko. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor C. M. Cooks ) JI. Watkbhousk ... V Directors A. W. Carter. . . . ) The Hawaiian Investment Co. EEAL ESTATE -AND- LO-AJSTSe FOR SAIiE. Desirable Property in all parts of the City. Four llouses on Punchbowl street at a bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl City. A-acre Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalibi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10; suitable tor a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahnmano Street Telephone 639. Near PostofSce. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FORI NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON". Etna Fire Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. " HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY ! WYW. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage Builder AND HEPAHIEE. CO" All orders from the other islands in the Carriage Building, Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. X7P. O. BOX 321. NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET 3S6J-y Massage. jVTRS. pray would announce that she will attend a limitod num ' patients. Address at U. M. WMtnay'a, CIur at. ; Bell Telephsne 75 fiiMNCE mm DR. R. I. MOORE DENTIST, 05c6: Arlicjtoa Cottigi, Ectcl Fire e XIX- Office hours : 9 a. v. to 12 k. and 1 r. it. to 4 p. m. 3860-1 m M. E. Grossman, D.D.8. 13 hi 1ST TIS T SS EOTii STEKT. .The New Watchmaker Will c!ean your Watch for Put in the beet Maiuppring Balance or Pallet Staffs Jewel holes, Pivots, etc. Clocks cleaned 75c. 75c. 1.25 50c. 50c. Do8 his work well and GUA RANTEES it for ONE YEAR. TRY HIM. W. J. STODDART, Foit Street, above Hotel street, next to McDonald's Blacksmith Shop. 3033-y New Goods A FINE ASSORTAIENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Mattlkg or all Kutds, MiJTILA ClGAES. WING V0 CHAN 6 CO. F. W. MAKINNEY, TYPEWRITER, Cenyeyancer and Searcher of Records F1BK, LIFK AND Accident :- Insurance. All kinds of Typewriting done, promptly, cheaply and accurately. ALSO GKNKItALi COLLECTOR. 'offick: 318 pobt btbkkt 3848-t WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COL1.KCTOIC. Offick : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Sargeon. No. 5, KTJKTJI IiANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual TeL 532. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Stoam Engines, Hollers, Sugar SXUla Coolers, - Brass and Iad Castings, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacks mi thinj;. J ob work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lowers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers m Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT BTRKET, HONOLPLU P.O. Box 3S6. Mutual Tel. 544. NAMD COMPANY, LIMITED, Commission' Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS D Japanese -:- Provisions AND GENERAL HERCHANDISS, 4,11 KING- STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. CONew Goods by every steamer. 387S-ly Business Cards. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. HOTEL STREET, Opposite Y. M. (). A. LJ-Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 p. m. Mntnal Telephone No. 610. 3933-3m C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher of Klocution and Dra matic Art, Arlintfton Hotel. 3SS4-y 8. T. ALEXANDER, n. P. BALDWIN. ALKXANDEli & BALDWIN, Commission IVIorcliants No. 3 California et., b'an Francisco. . lX Island orders promptly filled. -- 3897-6m A. PERRY, . ATTORNEY AT LAW Ami Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-1 y WILLIAM C. PARKS, ATTORNEY - AT -LAW A3 0nt to tk Aeknowldgmot. Oraos No. 13 Kaahumanu Street. Hono- lulu, H. I. GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers ami Wine Merchants, 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers OS FORT STREET. Telephone: l'2. P. O. Eox 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDYARECOm HARDWARE, Cutler3 and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT STRI. .. orrOSITE WILDER Jt CO.' II. J". NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Hodif tVtier, Ginger Ale or Milk. opztf v:6yi 3 a. m. till 10 p. m. Smok- ' I"(?ouipitt? . : ;'f ialtv. WM. F. THRUM, SURVEYOE. So. 11, Sprellpit Room No. 11, SprcckfVf TTBock. LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT 8TREET, Telephone 24Q. P. O. Boi 207 CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Igplaiiide, Corner Allen and Fort Els. HOLLISTER & OO., 371 0 155P-1V Agents. II. W. McCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AHD DKALXES IS Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. aflPNTQ ITonolnla osp Works Co., Honolulu Tannery. H. EACKFELD a C0-, General Coromipsion Agents Cor. Fort andlQneen ts.. Honolulu Imperial Flour Is the only b'euded flour tver offered on the?e Island?. It is a new Patent rroce?&" o bleeding tozethrr the Best Known varieties of wh?at for strength and color, thereby prodncin? a flour that will pn-e th best possible baking results for the hou?ekeepe r. COf"Aek your groiT for a trial eack it will cost you no rnore. A. L. iWUllilS & CO., 937-Cm Wliolesale Agents. OUR ORIEHTAL HEWSPAPERS, Three Japanese and Two Chinese Publications Here - t M. rvPK and ri:Esin-i nj? JjiitEi. An Adrertiaer UepreentAtl ve lay k Friendly Call on tbe i'oreifu Sens paper Offices Chinese Tapers Litho graphed, lut .Tapanee Use Type. How many people iu Honolulu know there are three Japaueso and two Chinese papers published here? And again, how many people know anything of the methods of publica tion, frequency of Issue, or in fact, anything about them? The answer is patent to all, and it Is expressed in the two little words, "Very few." And yet these five newspapers give employment to a large numberof peo ple, editors, managers, book-keepers, collectors, compositors and pressmen. - There is a vast difference between a Chinese and a Japanese printing of fice. In the former everything, even, to a small advertising poster, is care fully pencilled out with India ink on a s-heet of paper the exact size of the page to be printed. From the editor these sheets are passed to the en graver and lithographer. In this class of work the Chinese are most expert. Contrary to the general rule, they use no type, everything is lithographed on stone and printed therefrom. These stones after the edition has been print ed, are planed off and used over again. The office of the Hawaiian Chinese News, on King street, is conspicuous more for the total absence of type than anything else. The visitor will see an ordinary old fast&med printing press of the t-tyle in vgcu? a hundred years ago, and a lithorV4i stono ly ing on the bed thereof.. jAbe press, al tnoagirmafTfelrcChlna, fa au "almost exact reproduction of the old Wash ington hand press, so well-known to every American printer. The method of printing is exactly th- .-nine as that of the time of Guttenber. The Hawaiian Chinese News is the oldest of the Chinese papers in Hono lulu, but, like other papers, it has its ups and downs and opposition publi cations. A present tin r are two ; . u'ular Chinese papers ; ii.li.-hed in the city, but the News 'ins to have a monopoly of the business. This office turns out a large amount of poster work a favorite method of Celestial advertising. The paper is well patn : i -l iy Caucasion mer chants, its r Minns showing the names of nearly all the prominent merchants in town. These ajiyetjisemeuts are printed in squares, f? name of the merchant being pr""" in English, and the descriptiof uis wares in Chinese. t :, 1 In the Japanese tUc: offices a vprv different statA exists. Instead of Drintin. tier on paper which is folded so Lixf alwavs comes on thei. Ji3 t Jle, blank side the Jap- anese newspaper cijea many different forni9 ls it out In as s American rivals. sf There are three of fliese printed in Honolulu, the most ; prominent of which is the Hawaiian Sbfpo, hav ing its office on Nutf Jiu fetraet over the o'd sodawater fat tt jTlH pages of this paper are abo V f fc I fcahee in size but there' are th Hi lix caltbem. It is Issued weekly ulW? Ve ltlente editorship of Mr. B.bc Jzu. About half of its space ijt i irupied with advertising matter, lhWaIance being devoted to editorial wling, which in a Japanese paper cove's everything in the fehape of new. Other Japanese papers are the Ho nolulu Hochi, a serai weekly with a circulation of about 300, confined mostly to these islands and. the Hawaiian Shimbun. It may be of interest to state the meaning of these Japanese names. Sbinpo means literally, "uewa;" hochi, "report;' and fhimhuu, "what one hears." The hhlnpo lim u circulation ofvover 1000, extebding from London toTBpkio. Japanese newspapers iar printed from metal type, the same ils English ones, but whereas an Efcglisu or American newspaper offict has less than 100 different characters?, an ordi nary Japanese office has 4000 at least. Their alphabet con! ins forty-seven letters io commence wiihU'ind their language some -UO.OOO wors, each one of whii:h is xprt se I ty. a separate charac&j O; ths w .nls 4000 are in geijf rtiVt'Vfiy duy ne, uud no mat ter ligyf small The j-iintiii.' office may be foplal' of t y i-oiit-Miing from tuHiirv 'tv v ot -mci oi iiitse ciiar alters n b kept on hami. Instead own loo-ely into hoxes, as ican ti, thty n care of l.eing with A fully sta ed ui iu r.icks ;angt-l along the wrtl!.-. ProbriVly nn tel'er i lea of a J ipan ee priritjug office ean he oraine i than from a ie ent article on the subject by Henrv Norman, i-ublished in "Real Japan," from which t lie ex traded: following is "They are very keen journalists in the land of the chry?autbemum; but it must le all.iwtd that thebusiuesa is carried on utnler difficulties fronf I which even the hardened Western newspaper man might shrink ap palled. "The Japanese written and printed characters consist of the Chinese ideo graphs, those complicated square figures made up of an apparent jum ble of zigzags and crosses and ticks and triangles and tails 'the foot prints of a drunken fly' and of the original Japanese syllabary, called kana. "Of the former there are 20,000 in all, of which perhaps 14,000 constitute the scholars' vocabulary, and no fewer than 4000 are in common daily use, while the forty-seven simple charac ters of the kana are known to every body. Therefore the Japanese com- Eositor has to be prepared to place In is stick any one of over 4000 different types truly an appalling task. "From the nature of the problem, several consequences naturally follow. First, he must be a good deal of a scholar himself to recognize all these instantly and accurately. Secondly, his eyesight suffers fearfully, and he generally wears a huge pair of magni fy ins: goggles ; and third, as it is phy sically impossible for any one man to reach 4000 types, a totally different method of arrangement has to be de vised. ' "The 'typo,' therefore, of whom there are only three or four on a paper, sits at a little table at one end of a large room, with the case con taining his forty-seven kana syllables before him. From end to end of the room tall oases of type are arranged like the shelves in a crowded library, a passage of three feet wide being left between each two. "The compositor receives his copy in large pieces, which he cuts into little 4 takes,' and hands each of these to one of half-a-dozen boys who assist him. The boy takes this and proceeds to walk about among the cases till he has collected each of the ideographs, or square Chinese picture words, omit ing all the kana syllables which con nect them. "While these boys are running to and fro snatching up the types and jostling each other, they keep up a constant chant, singing the name of the character they are looking for, as they cannot recognize it till they hear its sound, the ordinary lower-clas3 Japanese not understanding his daily paper unless he reads aloud." All of the type and presses used by the Japanese in this city is manufac tured in Tokio foundries. There are also type foundries in Yokohama and other cities, but those of Tokio manu facture the best and most durable, and, to the economical Japanese mind, this is quite a consideration. L Association Formed for Mutual As- J sistance. . Co-operative Boarding House Proposed. Social and Business Interests of Graduate. ' A large number of the Kameha meha School graduates held a meeting Saturday evening at which preliminary arrangements were made for the formation of an alum ni association. The object of the association is to further the social, educational and business interests of the students after leaving school and also for educational work among the Hawaiiaus. Three classes have gone out from Kamebameha and 90 per cent, are holding good positions as mechan ic?, teachers and in places of trust with various business houses of the country. These young men intend to band together for their own in terest and for the benefit of their alma mater. A constitution has been drawn and officers will be elected at the next meeting. The plan ia to hold meetings every month at which something in the way of entertainment will be pre sented besides a discussion of the work which may be taken up. A echeme now on foot is the forma tion of a co-operative boarding house, where those who desire it can obtain board at a reasonable figure. A baseball team of gradu ates is also talked of. Other movements for mutual assistance will be set on foot as the organiza tion becomes perfected and receives new recruits. Ttlephones in Europe. Berlin and Vienna were connected by telephone- hardly a month ago, and already there is business enough to need another line. The line has been connected with Trieste at one end and Hamburg at the other, mak ing a total length of nearly 900 mile. It is expected that Hamburg will soon be connected with Copen hagen, which is joined to the Swed ish py9tem, extending 850 miles north. The Hawaiian Gazette Company manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions. KAMEHAMEHA SCHQO ALUMNI BLOWN UP BY GUT POWDEB. An Explosion Wrecks a Hons a at Kanolliili. Ll'CKILY SO ONK W.i 9 nfJCREI. A JUjsterlous Ocenfrene at au JTarlj Ilour Yesterday Horning Several Theories Advanced a to the Camse Was It From a Boyallit SombT Shortly after the Advertiser went to pres: on Monday morning a mys terious explosion startled those who were about at that early hour. Inves tigation showed that it occurred at a house owned by a native named Ka halewai at Kamoillili. Police Cap tain Scott found an old native named Papa, who lived in the house, but who had been awakened the evening before by his blankets taking fire from an oil stove. The old man was scared at the occurrence and after put ting out the fire and throwing the oil stove out of doors, went to the house of a neighbor, some 200 yards distant, where he spent the night until awak ened by the noise of the explosion. To this action on his part he probably owes his present existence. The" house is an ordinary two-roomed cottage with lean-to in the rear. The explosion took place either in or under the lean-to, part of which was used by the old man as a sleeping place and the rest as a kitchen. The force of the explosion knocked the rear portion of the house into kindling wood, pieces of the wreck being picked up fifty yards away. Ev ery window in the house was shat tered, the rear door leading to the kitchen blown off its hinges, and even the panels of the front door blown out. .In .spite of the most rigid inves tigation, no cause can be assigned for the explosion. No one who lived on or about the premises had any idea of any powder being there, although considerable blasting was done, in the vicinity some time ago. The police have advanced the theory that the explosion came from one of the bombs dropped by Nowlein and his party, who were arrested close to the pre mises. Even if it were so, the mvs tery of how it became ignited is still unsolved. l STILL MISSING. The tafodnoted Chinese Girl Cannot Be Located. Several members of tbe police force and a number of the friends of Ah Chew are busily engaged in looking for Quai Muey, the thirteen-year-old Chinese girl, who has been missing from her home on Nuuanu street sine early on Saturday morning. Ah Chew has stationed men at different outlets from the city at his own expense to guard against the girl being taken to the other side of. the island, and says he will spare no expense to -find her and bring her abductors to justice. . Arrested on Suspicion. Four police officers ; visited the Mail wharf yesterday afternoon at 4 o'clock and walking up to the place whero the sailors of the Gay Head were at work on the casks of provisions, arrested three men on suspicion of having started the fire which almost destroyed the vessel. Th men seemed to take things very quietly and went to the police station without any trcuble. A special officer has been at work on the case since the fire and has been instrumental in assisting the" captain to ferret out the supposed perpetrators. The names of the men are Wm. Bresley, Eiker Ewkowter and Wm. Gehmann. - The Philadalphia football team is practictna every afternoon on the old baseball grounds. Sentinels are posted at intervals around the place and no one is allowed to get anywnere near the players. The Phillies are bound they will keep their signals to themselves if they do nothing else. t e The Birmingham, England, gun and ammunition trade is now more active than it has ever been during the past twenty years. The fact is solely attributable to the demand for war material in the East.