Newspaper Page Text
Till: I'ACIKIC COMtrKClAL. AD VJEItTISyEK: HOyOLULU, 3IAItCII 12, 1835.
1 FBEAES OF CLIMATE. DR. FELIX OSWALD ON THE ECCEN TRICITIES OF THE WEATHER. An Alleged Improvement and a Shocking Relapue Storm In the. Tropic Ex ploits of a Jlllxard Iletleeinlng Tnlrn cle of m Folar Wave. SpciM Correponlrnee. . Cincin'Mati, Jan. 31. A friend of BcapegTaco Sheridan used to tell anec dotes about a profane old postilion who renounced tho uso of liquor and became a model of meekness. "Yes, I know," said Sheridan, "but heaven help tl pasaenger if your taint should brrak loose again. " That provf-rl-inl rf-cklc5-.ne.-of relaps ing converts maj account for tho recent freaks of oar winter climate. Eastern North America was supposed tohavo re linquished tho pc-uchant for thoso cli matic brutalities which almost mado the Korse soa rovers ashamed of their dis covery and camo so near breaking thu moral backbone of tho pilgrim fathers. The middle states-, from Michigan down, had.ceased to envy tho thermal immu nities of the sunny south, and tho lovers of weather sensations had to cross the Red River of tho North to realize the traditional accounts of an old fashioned winter. An Kcrentric Ulizzard. But our climate, liko Billings trick mule, now seoms to have been behaving itself only to get a chance for a more effective trick. The holiday tourists in Texas and tho southern Alleghanies were taken completely by surprise. In Dallas, nearly 1,000 miles farther south than Rome, beer barrels burst in the cellars, and cattle cars were turned into beef refrigerators. Tho Tennessee rivers became as solid as the Democratic plu ralities of bygono times. In Memphis oranges froze behind tho walls of brick built warehouses. "You went south in time, " I congratulated a frost abhorring friend who was passing the holidays in Florida. "Yes, I timed my trip all right," wa3 the reply, "but my mistake consisted in not going a little farther south, say to Lima, Peru. I stopped too soon and am now shivering in Vo lusia county, a word which some Vassar visitor probably intended to express the convulsive deliciousness of the cliraato. Talk about holidays!" ho added. "We had tho holiest terror of a blizzard that ever reconciled a sinner to tho prospect of a heated hereafter. ' ' At the Month of the IIlo Grande. A little farther west that same bliz zard swept clean down to our southern frontier, crossed tho Rio Grande and broko tho monopoly of tho ice venders in Monterey, Mexico. At Matamoros, Mex co, tho natives fled to the bako ovens like Roman criminals to an altar of mercy. On the "night of Dec. 20 th weather became so outragoons that the prisoners in the town jail had to be turned into a corral to let them solvo tin problem of survival around a blazing wood firo. A Mexican lady, with f houseful of sick children, requested and of course obtained permission to sliei- -14. - TIIS AMERICAN' MBEKI.V. ter some of her youngsters in tho jnrlor of an American neighbor, who rtjji"-i in the possession ot a big Pennsylvania coal stovo. Now, tho site of Matamoras is not a tableland, but a coast plain under the parallel of thecentral Sahara, many hundred miles farther .south than Suez, whero the mcrenry rises to lO; degrees F. in midwinter and fuow i seeu only on the summit of distant Mount Sinai. On the plateau "of Tiber hoar frosts, it is true, are sometimes seen undt-r nearly the samelatitndo, but on tho seashore, east and west, tho twenty-sixth parallel is a guarantee T perpetual summer, even in years when Peking and Yokohama are 6wept by snowstorms. A galo liko that which re cently fringed tho mouth of the Rio Gran do with shore ico would make the citizens cf Canton staro like Bedouins drenched-vby a cloudburst. Yet a polar wavo in its progress Across our national territory loses about 80 per Cent of its maximum horrors. Freezing point weather at St. Augus tine, Fla., means zero weather at Bos ton. A elet storm on the Rio Grande im plies a snow tornado on the Canadian lakes. The humane turnkey of tho chlm neyless Mexican jail who treated his prisoners to a courtyard fire would probably have taken tho responsibility of turning them loose altogether rather than seo them perish in the temperature of a north Michigan ice gale. At Port Brady, on the south shore of Lake Su perior, the mercury has been known to drop 45 degrees bolow the point which Professor Fahrenheit considered the ne plus ultra of cold In any civilized coun try, and there are nights wben a mastiff left to shift for himself in tho open air would run the risk of freezing as hard as the granite watchdogs seen in front of our suburban villas. The Teeth of a S'onu. "I used to pity tho first Napoleon '& sufferings on the Russian snowfields," writes a press correspondent from St. Paul, "but I have stopped that waste ol my sympathise sineo tho day when tho crush of passengers in an electric car tempted mo t step out on the front platform. I had a thick shawl under my fur cap, but we I:nd not gone ten squares lcfore I bounced buck into the stifling interior of the street car. The half frozen grenadiers of the Corsicau Csesar could march anyhow to keep their blood in motion, but a North American motorman has to stand still whilo bis car is enootlng at race norse speca into the teeth of a zero storm," It must Indeed b admitted taW-the privilege or enjoying a tracing cfimatu is cffet by considerable disadvantages. "It will make you wcrk, will develop habit3 of industry that may pave your way to fortune," etc. "No, thank9, " tho Peruvian Indian would be apt to answer. "I prefer tho chauco of bare existenco minu3 such polar zephyrs. Tho struggle In the di rection of fortune might Just enable me to buy fuel enough to keep your stimu lating cliraato from killing me out right." It Clow ftoniebody Good. Still it is certain that as a destroyer of diseaso germs a good, hard frost 13 worth shiploads of antiseptic drugs. Tho first cold October nights put a atop to the climatic fevers cf our gulf states. After the end of September the death rate of city infants decreases CO per cent in less than six weeks. A Spanish phy sician of Santiago de Cuba demonstrated the possibility of curing desperate cases of yellow fever in hospitals cooled by means of artificial refrigerators, and only a month ago a prcs3 dhrpatch from Pari3 gave a resume of a lecture deliv ered before tho Academy of Medicine by Professor Charles Podet, who announced his succcess in relieving digestive trou bles by a dose of ice air. Uaving noticed that dogs confined for a few minutes in the tank of an ico factory become ravenously hungry, it occurred to him to stimulate his own appetite In a similar "manner, and ho found that after breathing air reduced below the freozing point dyspeptics could not only relish but digost meals which under other circumstances would have saddled them with a monstrous surfeit. Even tho germs of lung diseases yield to the same specific. Consumptives who would have -m?.l:!i"m ib:';v Jiws away in the sultry air i f a tropv-al ter resort recovered in a winter of the upper 'Adirondack?, and tho r.'jmi imous testimony of arctic travelers has established tho astov.nding fact, utterly incomprehensible from the standpoint of tho old time consumption theory, that north of the sixty-fifth parallel pul monary disorder are r.l;io-i ni;';nov;:. "Say, Lonis, tho wh de inside f your classroom got burn ! oar, " a yo-.v.i: visitor informed a Tennessee boarding houso scholar of my ae.-j ;:.:, ranee. " h, nevermind," said L'-ei , "as long a' my arithmetic books ::r.? burned up too. ' A blizzard victim mivht console himself with a similar rcfi-eti5, "Never mind a few frost bites its hnirj as my microbe: are frozen out too. ' After answering that purpose of sani tary disinfection a polar wavo is apt to becomo an unmitigated nuisance, though our calorific artifices have mado con siderable progress sineo the time when our Saxon ancestors huddled around a kettleful of smoldering charcoal, but experiences liko those of tho last three weeks do not disgrace the fact that our winter climate is really getting milder. Tho international ice tornadoes of Dee. 29 and Jan. 11 arc exceptions that mero ly modifj an unquestionable truth. Te might as well doubt tho progress of religious tolcranco becauso tho Russian Hebrews and Armenian Christians ex perienced a relapso of mediaeval fanati cism. Old I'atliioned Weather. There was a time when a winter like the present would not havoboen consid ered anything unusual. The first set tlers of Pittsburg counted upon good 6leigh tracks from the middloof Decem ber to tho end of February. In Connect icut four months of steady cold weather excited no surprise, and the overland road to tho lakes was snow barred so often that emigrants rarely started be fore the end of April. In parts of Ala bama, where ico has formed only a few times in tho course cf tho last quarter of a century, ponds and brooks once frozo almost regularly year after year. Since the disappearanco of forests tho snow of tho cotton districts melts about three weeks earlier, and in sunny years the open fields imbibe calorio enough to protect the Indian summer till late in November. On the other side of the Atlantic the same cause has indisputably produced the same results. Italy wa3 not always a land of perpetual spring, tho Grecian philosophers could study tho phenomena of a snowstorm without leaving tho low lands, and some of the Cccsars o. g., Augustus after his quarrol with the poet Ovid maintained a sort of polit ical Siberia at To mi, on the shores of the Euxiue, some 400 miles southwest of the seaside villa whero tho lata czar sought ref ugo from the rigors of a north ern winter. F. L. Oswald. War Correspondence In Asia. Hard indeed is tho lot of the war cor respondents with the Japanese army. An order ha3 gone forth from headquar ters enumerating a long series of con ditions on which alone theso unfortu nate journalists will be permitted to perform their duties. m Among these is a rule that controlling officers alone arc to prescribe tho places correspondents are allowed to visit as well as the time when they may do so. Correspondents must, moreover, always carry "In the hand" their tickets of permission. As to their letters, they must in all cases be laid beforo the controlling officers for examination at a time to bo fixed by them. Their remarks must, moreover, bo strictly limited to past events, must not mention in any case the strength or distribution of the Japanese forces and must on no account state the place or time of sending out the letters. Lon don News. Recipe For Sugar TafTy. Put 2 pounds of brown sugar, with half a cup of water, in a candy kettle to boil; add 4 ounces of butter. Boil until thick (not hard); flavor with lemon; take from the fire: pour into well but tered tins about the eighth of an inch in thickness. When cool, mark off into squares ; press nearly through to the bot tom. When hard and cold, tap the bot tom and sides of the tin to loosen the candy; turn out and break apart The Hawaiian Gazette CoMr-AST manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions. THERE'S ONLY ONE Profit made by US as we buy direct from the maker, where by we save YOU the middle man's profit. If you have been told otherwise, call and be convinced. Our special announcement to you is that by tho Gaelic we have received a fine assort ment of Dress Goods, Gents' Furnishings, Neckwear and Japanese Jewel y consisting of Scarf Pins in new and unique designs for both ladies and gents. To the Ladies. We invite you to call and see oui new importation of 1 YARD WIDE SILK DRESS GOODS at 30c. They are beauties, and you will fall in love with them at sight. K. FURUYA, Robinson Block, " Hotel Street. 3653-v PAPA'S PARTS Are too Large for me -:- But they fit papa the nicest ot" any that he has had made in HONOLULU. If you don't know where the place is, ask the policeman on the corner to show you 413 Fort Street. While ordering a suit, you can also be fitted out in all classes and grades of mm ! Don't Forget the Number 413, 413 Johnston & Storey. ONCE MORE IN TEE LAND ! N. F. BURGESS Is again preparedlTto repair Garden Hose, Hprinklrrs, Water Taps, Saw. Fil ing and all kinds of Tools sharpened in cluding Carving Knives and Scis3ora; Lawn Mowers a specialty ; also Setting Glass, in fact all kinds of jobbing. Work called for and returned. Ring up 169 Mutual Telephone any! time before 2 l o'clock a. m. 3834-6m FORN mm (ME & GOORE LIMITED. IMPORTERS, BUILDERS' HARDWARE -AM) GKNKRAL Merchandise Plantation Bipili, 8tel Plows, made expiefsly for Jt-'.nd Work with extra I arl. OANE KNIVJKS. A gricnltnral Implements ! CAICl'KNTKKS', li LACK SMITH 5 AND MACHINISTS' TOOLS Painters Supplies, Blake's Steam Pumps, Weston's Centrifugals, Wilcox & Gibbs' Sewing Machines LUBRICATING OILS, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. CASTLE & COOKE L'd IMPOKTKK8, Hardware ad General Merchandise P New lot of Crepe and Plain Tissue Paper. Latest designs in Pic ture Mouldings. Lots of other Goods, new and novel, just received. 3857-1 f HOTEL 8TREET. DRESSED TO KILL! He is, no doubt. The result shows it. The damsel prefers the better dressed man. S ach result is a matter of course wben the suit is made in our well known faultless style Poor tailoring spoils the best cloth. With us both material and tailoring are above criticism. And we are now making Suit, Overcoats and Pants at a big reduction. CTee our Pants for $5. MEDEIROS & CO., Hotd street, opposite King Bros. Wanted To Purchase. A FILE OF THE HOLOMUA, (English) for the year 1894. Apply at Advirtiser office. S916-tf WAR OTOS. YOKOHAMA BAZAAR, IMPORTERS Japanese Silk and Cotton Dress Goods! Kimonos, Scarfs, Shawls, Bamboo Parlor Screens, from $2 up and Portieres Fans, Lacquer, Porcelain and China Ware, Gents' Furnishines, consisting of Silk, Cotton and Crape Shirts, Silk and Cotton Hose, Neckwear, etc., eto. We afe the cheapest and best house in' Honolulu for Japanese Goods. Cull and we wul convince you with prices. MURATA & CO., JUST RECEIVED FROM HENET CLAY AND BOCK & COMPANY Claoice Havana Cigars Hollister or Co. VUI CAN SAFETY MATCHES W A R mm mm Framed at $1.25 Kuhber Garden Hose; Maclianics Tocle, a, specialty; Heady Mixed I?aiixts; X'aints in Oil; Dry Faint ts; Vamiuhee; Paint Oils;. 1-uool and. Linseed., Paint Brivjhe3, Blasting Powder, Giant Powder, dps and Fuse, HEADQUARTERS FOR CAEBOLINEUM AVENARIUS ! (REGISTERED.) Wood Preserving Oil. Endorsed by the Prefs, Scientists and leading Architects throughout the World. Preserves all wcod above or underground, in fresh or salt water. Prevents dampness in walls and renders brickwork waterproof. Destro38 vermin, insects, house fungus, disinfects premises. CARRIAGE WHIP8 a new invoice. Agents for the celebrated VACUUM OIL. O Pacific Hardware Company, Limited, Fort Street, - Honolulu. J. HOPP & CO., FUENITURE JUST EECEIVED ! : if AVr"-:- fcl i 1 THE IVtXJTTJ-X LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK RICHARD A. McGURDY - - - President. Assets December 31st, 1893 : $18G,707.6S0.i4 o A Good Record, the Best Guarantee for the Future. o PARTICULARS, APPLY TO S. B. ROSE, General Acjent for Hawaiian Islnnd.- -AND- HOTEli 8TRKKTS. AND DExLER.S IN Proprietors. The beet in the market odoi less. PHOTOGRAPHS I each and Upwards. -o- A COMPLETE STOCK OK BEDROOM SUITS AT iiO"W" PRICFe; Wicker Ware, " Rugs and Portiers of size Shaving Stand , Card Tables AND ROCKERS Ic Oak or Cherry,and other goods too numerous to mention. Repairing of all kinds prompt ly attended to. Furniture packed for the other islands. Special care given to Piano moving. 74 KING STREET. 4, - -A