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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, APRIL 2, ISfM.
wholly rienced of steam cities of America are already suffer ing intolerably from excessive sum mer heats, which increases as the country becomes more completely de forested. It can hardly be doubted that artificial cooling will soon be felt as great a necessity in city summer life as artificial beating now is in winter. A second direction which electrical invention has been pursuing with much success is that of wtorage batter ies, by means of which the torce gen erated may be stored up to be used when and where required. At present such batteries are still somewhat costly, and of great weight. The ftroblem is to make them more cheap y, and especially to have them light aud portable. When this is accom plished cars can profitably be driven by them on ordinary railways. Ocean greyhounds may exchange their bunkers for great ranges of many hun dred tons of such batteries to be charged while in port. It can hardly be doubted that very great progress will rapidly be made in the art of storing electric force in portable forms. It seems quite plain that we are already well entered upon an age of the use of electric force, resulting in a progress in applied art and in dustrial development which will eclipse the already expe marvels of the age power. It is impossible to plainly forecast the developments of the future. Certain possibilities indi cated above seem very clear. Ttie world is making strange progress along many lines. The manufacture of aluminum opens many possibilities. Chemical discoveries are constantly multiplying. Therapeutics are being largely changed by discoveries in bac teriology and inoculation. The twen tieth century not uulikely has iu store for mankind other discoveries and in ventions as marvellous as any already arrived at. It is evident that in a not distant future the capacity of mankind for the production of wealth is to be enor mously increased. Moat of the arti cles of necessity ana comiort now re quired will be produced with half the expenditure of time and labor that they now are. It follows that with a natural and just distribution of the products of labor and machinery, all classes of men may both have their hours of labor much reduced, and may enjoy much larger compensation iu their choice of the commodities produced. It is conceivable that this might be prevented by the creed and selfishness of the abler classes, who should seek to mo nopolize for themselves the immense advantages gained by improved me chanical appliances. Such directors of industry might ho manipulate af fairs as to keep down wages to the lowest point at which their employees could live, and so keep for themselves the chief share of the wealth produced. Practically, this would in any case become impossible. The operatives, being straitened for means, would have small ability to purchase pro ducts. If there are few consumers, production must decline. Then again, production becoming limited by the small demand, there would be labor for only a moiety of the operatives, and immense masse of the popula tion would be left unemployed and destitute. It is obvious that the dis tress thus produced would create a de maud for remedial measures w hich would be irresistible. This condition ol affairs, of destitution increasing in the midst of an enormously devel oped power of producing wealth, would be so clearly unnatural and an abuse, that it would soon work out its own cure. At the present time the call for so cial reform is grdwing louder every day. It is becoming obvious that some means mu-t be found for prop erly readjusting the relations of labor and capital, so that both may have reasonable recompense, aud produc tion may not become congested by the inability of the multitude of consum ers to purchase what they have helped capital and machinery to produce. The considerations above presented to show that productive power is to be immensely increased by the coming inventions of the m-xt half century, would seem to make it clear that the needed reform caunot long be delay td It is absolutely inconceivable that the laboring masses will submit very long to a minimum of wages. They are growing in education aud intelli gence. They will clearly discern any art i tici.il aud oppressive conditions sought to be enforced upon them, aud will iuevitab'y rise against such con ditions in resistless opposition. It is also to be expec ed that the growing sentiment of Altruism so characteristic of the age will rule iu this matter. There will be a majority amoug the abler aud directing classes of men who will be governed by ben evolent sentiments, and will work unitedly to make the improved pro ductive facilities inure to the good of all the members of the community, instead of to the few. It is to be hop-d and expected that it will soon become the honor aud the pride of the leaders of thought aud action to sun. press mere selfish greed an?".. , a!iowr' ness men. and to strmtiohig oum lin' tie,,l --0'j"1 4U:"ai ter a wide and nSWi'..j5ffTbut!6n of the benefits of J science and invention to the masses of men. As Christian civilization ad vances it cau hardly be doubted that an increasing contempt will be felt toward those selfish amassers of wealth and their heirs, who waste that wealth iu ostentatious display or vicious indulgence. This essay does not undertake to iudicate the liues which the needed reform and re adjustment must take. It is strongly believed that the rights of property must continue to be respect ed Any geueral communism will not help mankind. There must con tinue to be adequate teward for super ior ability aud superior effort. Equal ity of condit ion and of gain--cannot be aimed at. How far enactments of law can provide for the necessary reforms is not dear. Law must have its neces sary share in the work. No doubt there will be great friction and severe struggles. It is believed that the most decisive element in the advancing reform must be the growth. and prevalence of prin ciples ol benevolence and justice. Just so far as these principles are em edded in the hearts aud rule in the lives of the people at large, so far will a peace able aud happy refoim be accom plished. Chief then above all other good work for the coming age must be that of dessemiuatiug aud rooting such principles in the hearts of the coming generation. PICTURES R TELEGRAPH, Transmitted Quite as Successfully As Messages. I'HONOGK l'H I'lUXCII'Li: I EI). Relief Photograph Kulled on One Cyl inder and Reproduced Automatically At Other End of Wire Can be Used In .f ournaltsna Amstutz Invention. One of the most interesting recent developments of electrotechnics is the process invented by N. S. Amstutz, of Cleveland, Ohio, for automatically making a half-tone reproduction of a photograph at a distant place, says the Literary Digest. This process was invented about three years ago, but it has been greatly improved, as may be seen by the illustration. Fig. 1 is a portrait of the i.iventor, reproduced from the ordinary half-tone process. Fig. 2 is the same after telegraphic transmission to a distant point. Fig. 3 is the transmitted portrait as made three years ago. The improvement is evident and the process has almost reached the stage where it will be available in daily journalism. Nelson W. Perry gives the following descrip tion of the development of the new invention : "Alexander Graham Bell found that by varying the strength of an electric current in consonauce with sound waves he could transmit articulate speech nearly to the ends of the earth. "Edl-on, Taintor, and Bell found that by causing a stylus attached to the center of a diaphragm to which words were spoken to near lightly upon a revolving wax cylinder they could engrave upon that wax and pre serve for all time the characteristics of those words. The undulating graved line in the soft matrix became the mechauical facsimile of articulate speech, which required merely a re versal of the process to reproduce the original sound waves. If the dia phragm stylus were allowed to trip Fm. 1. over the undulatory graved line it would give out spoken words. If it were caused to vary the strength of an electric current, those undulations might be reproduced in sound at a distant point in a telephone receiver, or, by causing this current to actuate an eletro-magnetic device, a dupli cate engraved record could be made to utter again the original words. 'The phonograph inscription Ja the mechanical record of sounds. Can we make a mecuanirai rnrrd of Unlit in all its various gradations ? Certainly, and quile as simply. M Many substances undergo changes of solubility which are proportional to the intensity of the light to which they are exposed. One such substance is ordiuary Kelatin iu which is dis solved a little bichromate of potas siurr. This, when exposed to the ac tion of light, hecomes insoluble in warm water, whereas before such ex posure it will be dissolved away. If, therefore, we expose such a plate be neath a photographic negative, those portions which are exposed to the strong light will become totally in soluble; those that are entirely shield ed will remain soluble; and those affected by the subdued light the halftones will have their solubility affected in proportion to the amount jgi trot3Tpe may be taken, flattened out, and placed upon the press, aud it is from such that the illustrations here with produced were made. 'The graving tool is made V shap ed, so that as it cuts deeper it cuts wider, and, in printing, produces blacker lines. "If we follow the process wc see that the relief photo in gelatin punted from a negative is a positive. This may be reproduced at the distant point either as a positive or as a nega tive." It should be stated that the rather coarse quality of the picture shown is due to the smaller number of liues to the inch. The machine can do much finer work, producing result that look like photographs on satin, but these are, unsuitable for the rapid printing necessary in newspaper work. Mr. Perry concludes as fol lows: "The great utility of this process Fig. 3. lies in the fact that it is almost en tirely automatic. The relief photo must, of course, be prepared aud wound on the cylinder by hand, aud the machines at both ends of the liue started up, but the tracing of the transmitting stylus and the engraving on the receiving cylinder proceed without further attention." HONOLULU Teachers' -:- Association The regular Monthly Meeting of the above Association will be held in the Y. M. C. A. Hall This Evening, April Addresses will be given by Rev. Kennith Duncan, 2d. AND- Rev. J. M. Chase. During the evening, musical sections will be given by Mk. W. LOVE and the boys of KAULAWELA SCHOOL. J. 3956-3fc LIGHTFOOT, St-cretary. A Grand Concert AT DRILL, SHED, Saturday Eveoiog, April 0, Will be given by the girls of Kawaiahao Seminary, s-l TEI BY PfiOFESSOB BERG EE, AND ORCHESTRA. Proceeds of the Concert to be used benefit of Seminary. lor Admission 50 Cents 395S-td Butter, Butter, Butter, Table butter from Pau O You had better get off the earth it you don't wear McIner tty's Setoe s-all prize winners. Mclnerny, Fort Street. The Mutual Life Insurance Umpaoy OF NEW YORK, RICHARD A. McCURDY. President. Company's Statement for the Year Ending December 31st, 1894 ASSETS $204,638,783.96 Income. Received for Premiums .. $36,123,163 82 Received from a!l other Sources L,??Z.'6 12 WJM20,8e9 94 Disbursemente. To Policy-h'ders for Claims bvdeath... $11 ,959,794 94 " forEnd'm'ts.Divid'dstc 9 159,462 14 $21 089,257 08 For all other Account ' 9 789.63418 $30,878,891 26 Assets United States Bond and other Securities $83 970,690 67 First lien Loans on Bmds and Mortgage 71.339 415 91 Loans on Stocks and Bonds ll,36i 100 00 Real E-tate.. - 21 69! 73 39 Cash in Banks and Trust Companies 9,6"5,19S 91 Accrued Interest, Deferred Premiums, etc 6 6 5 6 5 07 $-04 63-T783 tt P.cserve for Policies and other L'b'litieSjCo.'s Standard, Am .4 per cent. 18 109.46 14 Surplus $2,59,37 b2 Insurance and Annuities assumed and renewed $750,290 677 97 Insurance and Annuities in force December 31, 1&94 855,207,778 42 I have correct. carefully examined the foregoing Statement and find the same to CH RLKti A. PRELLK.R, Auditor. From the Surplus a dividend will be apportioned as usual. be Report of the Examining Committee. Office ok Tub Mutual. Life Ivsubakcs Company op New York. Feb. 7, 1893. At a m- eti' g of the Hoard of Trustees t this Company, held on the 2th day of Decerab r las , the untie signed were ppoint-d a C mraitief to examine the annual statem. nt for th ye ending December 31, 1894, and tu ver fy the same by comparison with the assets of the Comp.mv. The Committee have carefully performed! the duty assigned to them, and hceby cert fy that the statement is in all particulars correct, and that the assets specified therein are in possession of the Company. I i making thi- certificate the Committee bear testimony to the high chnracter of the investments of the t'ompany and exp'ess their approval of the system, order, and accuracy with w hich the accouuts and vouchers have been kept, and the business in general transacted signe H. C. Von Post, J. Hobart Herrick, Charles R. Henderson. - Thpo. A. Havemeyer, Charles E. Miller, Robert BeWdlL Board of Trustees. Samuel D. Pabcock. Charl s E Miller, Henry H Rogers, Charles R Henderson, George F Ba er. He mann C Von Post, Adrian Jseli t, Jr., Oliver Harriman, George S. Coe, Walter R. Gillette, J no. VV Auchincloss, George Bliss, DudLy Olott, Alex. H. Ricp, George S. Bowdoin, Robert Sewell, "Henry W. Smith, it h A. McCurdy, H. Walter Webb, The . Morford, R W. Pecbham, Fred Cromwell, Lewis day. Robert A. Granniss, s. V R. Cruger, Robert Olyphant. James C. Ho den, Geoige J. Hven, William Babcock, J. Hobart Herrick, Julien T. Davies, Very choice Malei Dairy. GOOD TABLE BUTTER FROM KONA. GOOD COOKTNG B OTTER FROM .. .ft Received every week. FRESH BLOCK BUTTER FOR TABLE GOOD BLOCK B OTTER FOR COOK ING Received every steamer. For sale at low rates by Stuvves.int Fish, Wm. P. Dixon, Augustus D Juilliard, Theo. A. Havemever ROBERT A. GRANNISS, Vice-President. WALTER R. GILLETTE, General Manager. ISAAC F. LLOYD. 2d Vice-Fre-ident. HKMKY K. DU wit it, , r t . . i . x - . . 4 r nr. n n L I BYAUTH0RITY. Hale of Government Lot on the Mitukt tlde of Green Street, Above the 8 tone Ouarrr, South Slope of I'uiu tibow 1 Hill, If onoIutu.Oahu. On THURSDAY. May 'Jd, 1895, at 12 o'clock noon, at the front entrance of the Executive Building, will be sold at Public Auction a Government Lot on the maukasideof Green street, above the Stone Quarry, south slope of Punchbowl Hill, Honolulu, Oahu containing an area of 25,300 square feet, a little more or less. Upset price, $250.00. J. A. KING, Minister of the Interior. Interior Office, March 20, 1895. (3956-31.) Water Notice. Holders of water privileges, or those paying water rates, are hereby notified that the hours for irrigation purposes are from 7 to 8 o'clock a. m. and 5 to 6 o'clock P.M. ANDREW BROWN, Superintendent of Water Works. I Approved J. A Kino, Minister of the Interior. Honolulu, March 12, 1895. 3942-tf Partnership Notice. H ENRY H. WII 1.1 AMS AND ED ward A. Williams have thil day dissolved the partnership heretofore ex isuutf between them under the firm name oi I in er furniture Company, as well as of Williams Brothers in die Fur niture and Undertaking business in Ho nolulu, in the Island of Oahu. Henry H. Williams ret'res from paid firm and business and Edward A. Wil liams remains in said business, having formed a partnership therein with his father, C. 1 .Williams. The new firm consist' of C. E. Wil liamB and E. A. Wi uams, and hence forth will carry on said humitnio and Undertaking business in said Honolulu, under the fiim name of C. E. Williams & Non. Th new firm will collect all accounts oing to the old firm and pay all liabili ties thereof. Dated Uis March 30th. A. D 1A95. H. II. WILLIAMS. ED. A WH LI A MS, 3957-2 w C. E. WILLIAMS. Assignee's Notice. I "MTV. HNnFi?jinM,'n in Banknip cy of the ASSIGNEE Estate of A. T 1 t . . no'Da nereoy gives notice to ail p rsons who have proved their da ms auainst said Ba krupt, that he has tiled his ac counts as Assignee in the Circuit Court for the First Circuit and will apply for a disThanre as such Assignee on 1 UEDAY, April 2d, A. D. 1895, at JO a. m. C. BOLTE, Assignee of the Estate of A. Borba, a Bankrupt 3935 4t Guardian's Notice. HAVING THIS DAY BEEN AP pointe i guardian of James l ove, a spendthrift, notice is hereby given that I will not be responsible for any bills con tracted by him or hv any person in his behalf, unless authorized by nie in writing. (Sig ) J. ALFRED MAGOoN. Da'ed Honolulu. February 14, 1S95. gggjMf Assignee's Notice. TMIR UNDERSIGNED, THE A8 1 sitjneo in bankruptcy of the Estate of W. H Smith, uivea n'tu-e that hw has tiled in the Circuit Court, First Ci cuit, Hawaiian Island, hi accounts as such Assignee, arm has asked for a settlement of the name and a di charge, and that heanng on the sam r-as been set for 'IUE6DAY, 4pri- 9, lv05, at 10 o'clock Estats of W. H Smith, M47-td assignee of th Ban k rn :isf MENTION Fiq 2. of light received. It remains now only to sponge the plate with warm water to have a photograph iu relief, whvrein the high lights will have the greatest elevations and the shadows will be depressed. 'If, now, this relief photograph were rolled upon a phonograph cylinder and placed upon the m chine, its sty lus, describing the spiral path, would rise and fall as the picture passed be neath it, just as it does when follow ing the pnonogram. It is not sound, however, that is wanted in this case, but another record at a distance, so Mr. Amstutz causes tin rising and fulling of the stylus as it parses over the relief photograph to vary in similar maimer the strength of an electric current. This uudulatory current passing over an ordinary telephone or telegraph wire actuates a similar stylus at the farther end, which, bearing upon a revolving wax cylinder, engraves in the wax an ex act reproduction in elevation of the path over which the first stylus has passed. From this cylinder au elec- H. May & Co. 3956-I m CHALK TALK ! Chalk marks properly made on cloth to conform with your figure, are sure to give you a fit. I guarantee to fit you in pants or suits or we don't want your trade. Give me a trial and you will come C A KIM A, v 46 Nunann street. aain. 3955 At Gazette Office. wJii A. rOS DA, Aosistant .insurer. WILLIAM P. SAND -, Cashier. E v O BY McC LI N TOO K , JOHN TATLOCK, Jr., ssistant Actuary. CHABLBo A. FKELLEB, Audi or. Cor Asst. JSec. Treasurer. J M Ed Tl M F60N, 2d K ssistant Treasurer. EDWARD P. HOLDKN, Assistant Cashier. LL D., K.I. A , Actuary. WM. W. RICH A'RDS. Comptroller H S. BROWN, Asst. Comptroller. EDWARD LYMAN SHRT. General Solicitor. MEDICAL DIRECTORS: GUSTAVUS S. WINSTON, M.D. ELIAS J. MARSH, M.D. GRANVILLE M. WHITE, M.D. For particulars apply to General A gent Hawaiian ROSE, Islands. FERTIL ZERS ! YOU MUST HAVE TO MAKE GOOD CROPS. THE HAWAIIAN FERTILIZING COMPANY keeps always and constants on hand all the well known CHKMIOAL FERTILIZERS and offers them for sale a' the lowest market rates. They manufacture complete High Grade Fertilizers to any special formula and guarantee the analvsis, and all that other firms do. Planters would do wll to write the undersigned r.efor ordering anywhere else. A dollar saved is a dollar made. A. F. COOKE, Proprietor and Manager Hawaiian Fertilizing fJompany . Join the Columbia Bicycle Club. LD RESP P CT FULLY IN- I form my friends and the public that I am etill in the Tinsmith aud Plumbing business That I am now offering for cash regular size 2x6 feet, Zir.c Lined bath Tubs with Plug, Chain and small piece of pipe ready for connection for only $10 each. Also Stone Pipe at bed rock prices : 6 in. 45c. a length ; b in., 40c a length ; 6 in . , 35c a lenifth. jF"Ali kinds of Jobbing promptly atienoVd to. J0F Ring up Telephone 844 and your orders will receive prompt attention at lowest prices. J AS NTT. Jr. Note That the War Is over, and it is the duty of evry citizen to support th- existing form of govern ment. Although things may n it move with the ordialtv that would insure an everlasting pe-ce still they mav be al lowed to subside into that indifference without animosity, tuat would allow either part; to work out their best int rests All things considered It may be for the best, but time, the onlv arbitrator in iuch cae-, must alone dncide that STEWAHT isarplumber an j your work in a shape and at figi will wive saiisfacion. m 349-tf 15 K ETHEL H tt J. T. JLund, i IU Bethel street, PRACTICAL NO LOCKSMITH; Repairing ol cri prions, Electrina1 Corrigate ch ectura Iron Work ; O-nanv Gates nnd HVncf s ; 'rownini',! Restocking Guns and icycle I a specialty , a i The Hawaiian Gazette iLJ manufacture rubber stamps WFj G. do tat on nd lag