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Established July 2, 1830.
VOL. XXI.. ISO. HONOLULU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1S95. PRICE: 6 CENTS. Business arus. I BREWER & CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, B. I. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomn Sugar Co., Wailuku Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pafa Ranch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets Chas. Brewer dt Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Johks President Gbo. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor O. M. Cooke ) H. Waterhouse. Directors A. W Carter ) OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we mubt give VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially to make a thorough examination of our stock and prices, in Sterling Silverware Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jacobson & Pfeifler. FORT STREET, Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand. 3858-tf The Hawaiian Investment Co. REAL ESTATE -AND- LOANS, FOR SALE. Desirable Property in all parts of the City. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl City. A2)-acre Lot at Kalihj. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahumana Street. Telephone 639. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON. Itna Fire Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! W.W. WRIGHT, - Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder a:nd repairer. 'All orders from the other islands In the Carriage Building Trimming and Fainting Line, will meet with prompt attention. 'P. O. BOX 321. NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET 386-y Massage. MR8. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE aY1. .. that she will attend a limited num be 2l patients. Address at H. M. W , day's, King st. ; Bell Telephone 75. 3238-tf INSURANCE AGENTS Business (artis. M. E. Grossman, D.D.8. DENTIST, 98 fiOTSL STRUT, gmr-Omc Hodbb 9 A. M. TO 4 r. Mm New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; MAnmo o all Kirds, Mawtla Cigars, WING WO CHAN & 00. Mo. ft NftuaoM E3xts4 3ft51-q W. F. O'HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds of Brics, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 50G KING STREET, F. H. Redward's Old Stand. 3952-3m CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Corner Allen &nd Fort Sib. HOLLISTER & CO., 3710 1558-1 y Agents. F. W. MAKINNEY, TYPEWRITER, Conveyancer and Searcher of Records FIRE, LIFE AND Accident -: Insurance. All kinds of Typewriting done, promptly, cheaply and accurately. ALSO G-ENERA.L COLLECTOR. 'office: 318 fobt street 3848-t WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKUI IiANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, NO, 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753tf HONOLULU IR0H WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boilers, Sugar Mills, Coolers, Cr&u and Lead Castings, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job workexcated on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lowers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. ttO, 83 FORT STREET, HONOLULU P.O. Box 38G. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YD COMPACT, LIMITED, Oommission Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IS Japanese -:- Provisions AIID GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 411 KfNQ STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 'Xew Goods by every eteamer. 3878-ly Business Carlte. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Beretania streets. Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 p. m. Telephone No. 923. 3933-3m LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 29 S. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN. ALEXANDER BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., San Francisco. PIsland orders promptly filled. 3897-6m A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-ly WILLIAM 0. PAEEK. ATTORNEY - AT - LAW Agent to tako JlcinovTltdjsatnU; 0ncB Sfo. 13 Kaahnmanu Etteet. Houo- mm, H. I. ' GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants, 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. H. may & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, PORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'S H. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. DFEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL1 10 P. M. Smokers' Reouisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, S U E V E Y O R . Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher ot Elocution, and. Dra matic Art, Arlington Hotel. 3884-y G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and Copyist. Office : With O. D. Chase, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 184. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 393l-6m M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AND DEALEBS IK leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. AfrPNTQ Honolulu Soap Works Co., AUTfllliO Honolnln Tannery. H. HAGEFELD CO., General Commission Agents Cor. Fort andgQneen sta., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Is the only blended flour ever offered on tbeee islands. It is a new 4 Patent rrocees" o! blending together the Best Known varieties of whsat for streugth and color, thereby prodncin g a flour that will give tht best possible baking results for the housekeeper. fjBT Ask your grocer for a trial sack it will cost you no more. A. L. MoRhlS & CO., 3937-Gm Wholesale Agents. T LIKE MB, THURSTON. Secretary Gresh&m Makes Grave Accusations. DECLARED ' KK A NOJi GRATA. Correiondme Said to Have Keen Sent to President Dole Our Minister's Apology Gresham Bererely Cen sured Now On the Way Home. Washington, March 19. Secretary of State Gresham has requested Presi dent Dole of Hawaii to recall Minister Thurston on the ground that he has become ITeTWJnaTioTT grata. This re quest was forwarded to Honolulu about ten days before the adjournment of Congress. The grounds on which it was based were that Thurston had violated diplomatic etiquette by giv ing out news to certain newspapers and the press associations calculated to intensify and increase the feeling LORRIN A. THURSTON. in this country favorable to the an nexation o the Hawaiian Islands, and had, moreover, made a speech at a banquet of the Board of Trade last winter in which, he advocated annex ation. These were, in ilie eyes of Gresham and Cleveland, heinous of fenses, and there is much agitation in diplomatic and political circles. Grave, diplomatic and acute politi cians are fluttering about like doves when the hawk is hovering over their heads. It is recalled that Cleveland, during his first adminisration, and when he was a candidate for re-election, requested the recall of Sackville Vest, British minister, for writing a letter to a supposed naturalized Eng lishman at Los Angeles advising him to vote the Democratic ticket, of which Cleveland was the head. In Giant's time Catacazky, Russian min ister, was recalled by request for mix ing himself up in doubtful public and private transactions. So there are precedents for this sort of thing, and precedents are the breath of life to the diplomatic soul. THURSTON'S STRANGE ADMISSION. Gossips were conjuring with a ru mor late this afternoon that the Spau ish minister's recall will be demanded. His offense is alleged to be similar to Thurston's, in that he gave an inter view to the newspapers a few days ago criticizing Secretary Gresham. A New York newspaper of Febru ary 13th contaiued a Washington dis patch stating that Miuister Thurston has received official advices of the sentences passed upon alleged con spirators in the late insurrection, and names and other imp rtant data were given. Two days later Secretary Gresham sent for Minister Thurston. He took Thurston into his private room aud in a white rage accused him of giving official information to the American newspapes before com mu nicating it to the Department. Secre tary tiresham says the Hawaiian min ister admitted that bis act had been undiplomatic. The entry of the oc currence on the State Department records states this fact, aud it is im portant, as the records will form the official history of the occurrence. Miuister Thurston today declined to say whether he had admitted that it was undiplomatic. It was a remarkable admission for him to make, if he did, under the sell of Secretary Gresham's sweatbo. Old diplomats say that eueh an admission from a diplomat would forever disqualify him for future service in his chosen field and cover him with everlasting disjjraee. The records of the State Department show that the Hawaiian Minister admitted that he had been guilty of an undiplo matic act, but deciined to comply with Secretary Gresham's request to put the fact m writing. CENSURE THE SECRETARY. Secretary Greshwni is being as round'y censured here for his action in Thurston's case as he was praised for his recent vigorous dispatch to SpaiD. Above all he is censured for DOS his secret method of doing it. It is an open secret that Gresham has hated Thurston ever since that gentleman got ahead of him in the diplomatic game between them wheu the Admin istration was bending all its energies towards carrying out its policy, which had for its object the restoration of the ex-queen. Gresham has never forgotten nor forgiven Thurston for outwitting him then and has nursed his desire for revenge until he could find safe opportunity to wreak it. There never was any trouble about a pretext on which to base the request for Thurton's recall, but it was not safe to make it and have it become Sublic when Congress was in session, o Gresham waited uutil within a few days of the expiration of Congress and then launched bis bolt. He sent his request secretly to President Dole, secure in the knowledge that no news could return here uutil the Fifty third Congress bad expired. No answer has jet been received from President Dole. It is expected to arrive by the next steamer, though it may be delayed until later. It is likely that while Dole will deny the sufficiency of Gresham's reasons, he will recall Thurston and send a new Minister. This will, it i9 thought, be Mr. Hatch, the new Premier of Dole's Government, and Thurston will suc ceed Hatch. THURSTON SAYS NOTHING . The Examiner correspondent called on Minister Thurston at the Hawaiian Legation tonight. He courteously, but positively refused to say anything on the subject. From his manner and from the fact that he would not deny it, it was judged he knew all about Gresham's action. From a source near the Minister it was learned that there had always been friction between Thurston and Gresham. So acute has this feeling become that Thurston for several weeks, in fact anterior to Gresham's letter to Dole, has not gone about the State Depart ment, the business of the legation be ing transacted by Mr. Hastings, Secretary of Legation. There is no doubt of Thurston's knowledge of Gresham's letter, and that, in fact, he knew of it within a day or two at most of its sending. A diplomat said to the Examiner correspondent that it is understood in these days when a foreign representa tive is declared persona non grata by the Government to which he is accredited, that this does not mean simply that he U unpleasant or dis tasteful to the head of the Govern ment, but to the people who really compose the Government. Formerly the wishes or whim of the king con trolled in these matters, but now when the people are sovereign, they ! are the ones to be considered. Tons, he argued that Thurston might be persona non grata to Gresham or i President Cleveland, and yet he per sona grata to the people of the United States. Washington, March 20. An inti mate frieud of Miuister Thurston.now in Washington, says that Thurston has no official information as-to the request for his recall, while at the same time he has no doubt that such a suggestion will be made to th t Hawaiian Government. Jt is likely, however, that Thurston will continue to look after Hawaiian interests in an unofficial manner. Thurston's friends say that as a matter of fact that he never has been treated at the State Department as other ministers bave been treated. It is intimated that Frank Hatch may bo selected to suc ceed Thurston. Miuister Thurston has been very popular in Washington ever since he arrived here, a little more than two I years ago, as one of the commissioners j to negotiate a treaty of annexation I between tne uniteu states ami Ha waii. His popularity with the Harri son Administration, which at that time was upholding the cause of the WALTER Q. GRESHAM. Hawaiian Republic, seemed, however, to have rendered Mr. Thurston dis tasteful to the Cleveland Admiuistra tion, and especially to the Secretary of State. Nothing that he did was satisfactory, and he was snubbed and ignored ouall possible occasions. This ill feeling was carried to the extent of denying him certain social courtesies due his position, but the Minister never complained, hut found comfort iu the reflection that nine tenths of the American people were friendly to him and his Government, and bitterly opposed to and ashamed of the perfidious policy and actions of the Secretary of State. It is recalled now that Thurston has not been at the Department In person recently, although Mr. Hastings, hs secretary, has been a frequent visitor, though on no diplomatic errands so far as can be ascertained. One of the most notable cases of the recall of a foreign Minister demanded by the lulled State Government was that of Mr. Catacazy, Russian Minister at Washington during Presi dent Grant's first administration. The circumstances in this ease are fully cet forth in Wharton's Digest. Iu the correspondence that passed between Secretary Fish aud A me loan Minister Curtis it is held that "ao official or authorized statement that a Miuister has made himself unaccept able or even that he has ceased to be a persona grata to the United States, to which be is accredited, is sufficient to iuvoke the deference of a friendly power and the observance of the cour tesy aud practice regulating the dip lomatic intercourse of the powers ot Christendom for the recall of the ob jectionable Minister." Secretary Gresbam has not directly or tberwise let It be known to Mr. Thurston that he is persona non grata, and that the appoiutmeut of his suc cessor is desired. The Herald's Washington corres pondent telegraph's the following : Not only will Miuister Thurston sever bis official relations with the Admin istration, but he may be compelled to leave the United States. 1 am relia bly informed that Secretary Gresbam has been -seriously considering the advisability of demanding Mr Thurs ton's deportation should he try to re main here after his official relations are closed, aud persist, iu his antagon ism to the Administration. Mr Thurston Is, and has been for a long time, personally as well as offi cially obnoxious to the Administration authorities. It was scarcely believed, however, wheu the rumor was Mr, circulated that in addition to demand Ing his recall, Secretary Giesham would Insist upou his leaving this couutry, but there are good reasons for believing now that Mr. Gresham con templates such a course. I am told that the State Department officials have been looking into the question of the right of tne United States to direct the deportation of an obnoxious alien, and they have come to the conclusion that there is no legal obstacle in the way. The expressed intention of Minister Thurston to remain in the United States after be had served 'bis diplo matic relations for the purpose of furthering the annexation cause is thought to be the particular reason which caused the Secretary of State at this time to consider the propriety of ordering him to leave the Uuited States. New York, March 19. The Her ald's Washington correspondent says: The official demand for Minister Thurston's recall was made to the Dole Government thr ugh Minister Willis. It was telegraphed to the State Department's agent In San Fran cisco and forwarded by steamer on February ti 1-t. The instructions to Minister Willis are extremely positive in tone. They direct him to iuform the Miuister of Foreign Affairs of Hawaii that Mr. Thurston has given copies of official correspondence to tho press before they were furnished to the State Depart ment. Minister Thurston gave as excuse for his action that all matter concern ing Hawaiian a flairs was interesting to the citizens of the Uuited Slates. Ou Secretary Gresham's repn scuta tions that it was irregular aud undip lomatic for a foreign representative to communicate official information to the press before giving such informa tion to the Department, the Minister acknowledged that his proceeding was not diplomatic and he verbally apolo gized. This was not sufficient for Secretary Gresham. He requested Mr. Thurston to make an apology in writ ing. Mr. Thurston refused. " Secretary Gresham then formulated and sent instructions to Minister Wil lis. At the same time the Secretary told Mr. Thurston that iu his future relations with the Department he de sired that all communications should be put iu writing. It can bo auttior itively stated that this is almost the text of the instructions sent by Secre tary Gresham to Minister Willis, not withstanding the refu-al of either the Secretary or Minister Thurston to dis cuss the subject tonight. Healanl Boat Club. It was decided at last night's meeting of the Healani Boat Club to give a reception on the comple tion of their new building. A com mittee was appointed to make the necessary arrangements for the event, which will likely take place during the latter part of tlje mouth. Five new members were elected last night and a considerable amount of routine business trans acted. Teachers' Meeting. At the regular monthly meeting of the Honolulu Teachers' Associa tion, held in the Y. M. C. A. hall last night, addresses were delivered by Rv. J. M. Chase and the Rev. Kennith Duncan. Musical selec tions on hand bells, were given by scholars from Kaulawela school, followed by a violin solo by W. Love. A fuller account of the meeting will appear later. The Hawaiian Gazettk Company manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions