Established July 2, 1830.
VOL. XXI.. ISO.
HONOLULU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1S95.
PRICE: 6 CENTS.
I BREWER & CO., LIMITED
Queen Street, Honolulu, B. I.
Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea
Sugar Co., Honomn Sugar Co., Wailuku
Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee
Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa
Planters' Line San Francisco Packets
Chas. Brewer dt Co.'s Line of Boston
Agents Boston Board of Underwriters.
Agents Philadelphia Board of Under
writers. LIST OF OFFICERS:
P. C. Johks President
Gbo. H. Robertson Manager
E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy.
Col. W. F. Allen Auditor
O. M. Cooke )
H. Waterhouse. Directors
A. W Carter )
OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY
Is what we want, but in order to ob
tain it, we mubt give
VALUE FOR VALUE
and invite the attention of the PEO
PLE (tourists especially to make a
thorough examination of our stock
and prices, in Sterling Silverware
Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware,
Watches and Diamonds, Native
Jewelry, manufactured in unique de
signs and to order.
Jacobson & Pfeifler.
Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand.
The Hawaiian Investment Co.
Desirable Property in all parts of the
Four Houses on Punchbowl street at
A 4-acre Lot at Makiki.
Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl
A2)-acre Lot at Kalihj.
Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig
pens and chicken coop, 120x10; suitable
for a Chicken Ranch.
13 and 15 Kaahumana Street.
Castle & Cooke L'd.
LIFE AND FIRE
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
Life Insurance Company
Itna Fire Insurance Company
W.W. WRIGHT, - Proprietor.
Carriage -: Builder
'All orders from the other islands
In the Carriage Building Trimming and
Fainting Line, will meet with prompt
'P. O. BOX 321.
NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET
MR8. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE
aY1. .. that she will attend a limited num
be 2l patients. Address at H. M.
W , day's, King st. ; Bell Telephone 75.
M. E. Grossman, D.D.8.
98 fiOTSL STRUT,
gmr-Omc Hodbb 9 A. M. TO 4 r. Mm
A FINE ASSORTMENT.
TILES FOR FLOORS !
And for Decorating Purposes ;
MAnmo o all Kirds,
WING WO CHAN & 00.
Mo. ft NftuaoM E3xts4
W. F. O'HALLORAN,
Contractor and Builder
Estimates given on all kinds of
Brics, Stone and Wood Work.
Jobbing promptly attended to.
50G KING STREET,
F. H. Redward's Old Stand.
Soda Water Works Company, Limited
Esplanade, Corner Allen &nd Fort Sib.
HOLLISTER & CO.,
3710 1558-1 y Agents.
F. W. MAKINNEY,
Conveyancer and Searcher of Records
FIRE, LIFE AND
Accident -: Insurance.
All kinds of Typewriting done, promptly,
cheaply and accurately.
'office: 318 fobt street 3848-t
WM. L. PETERSON,
Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter
Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar.
DR. J. UCHIDA,
Physician and Surgeon.
No. 5, KUKUI IiANE.
Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and
8 p. m.
Mutual Tel. 532.
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery
Practical Confectioner and Baker,
NO, 71 HOTEL STREET.
HONOLULU IR0H WORKS CO.,
Boilers, Sugar Mills, Coolers, Cr&u
and Lead Castings,
And machinery of every description made
to order. Particular attention paid to
ships' blacksmithing. Job workexcated
on the shortest notic.
LEWERS & COOKE,
Successors to Lowers & Dickson.
Importers and Dealers in Lumber
And all Kinds of Building Materials.
ttO, 83 FORT STREET, HONOLULU
P.O. Box 38G.
Mutual Tel. 544.
NAN-YD COMPACT, LIMITED,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IS
Japanese -:- Provisions
AIID GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
411 KfNQ STREET,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
'Xew Goods by every eteamer.
JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D.
Corner Fort and Beretania streets.
Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2
to 4 p. m. Telephone No. 923.
LEWIS & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Grocers
111 FORT STREET,
Telephone 240. P. O. Box 29
S. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN.
No. 3 California st., San Francisco.
PIsland orders promptly filled.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
And Notary Public.
Office: Over Bishop's Bank.
WILLIAM 0. PAEEK.
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW
Agent to tako JlcinovTltdjsatnU;
0ncB Sfo. 13 Kaahnmanu Etteet. Houo-
mm, H. I. '
GONSALVES & CO,
Wholesale Grocers and Wine
225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I.
H. may & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Grocers
98 FORT STREET.
Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470.
HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO.,
Cutlery and Glassware
307 Fort Street.
PORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'S
H. J. NOLTE, Proprietor.
First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof
fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk.
DFEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL1 10 P. M.
Smokers' Reouisites a specialty.
WM. F. THRUM,
S U E V E Y O R .
Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block.
C. J. WHITNEY,
Teacher ot Elocution, and. Dra
G. E. SMITHIES,
Accountant, Collector and
Office : With O. D. Chase, Safe Depo
sit Building. Telephone 184.
The collection of Government Bills a
M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS
AND DEALEBS IK
leather and Shoe Findings
AfrPNTQ Honolulu Soap Works Co.,
AUTfllliO Honolnln Tannery.
H. HAGEFELD CO.,
General Commission Agents
Cor. Fort andgQneen sta., Honolulu.
Is the only blended flour ever
offered on tbeee islands. It is a new
4 Patent rrocees" o! blending together
the Best Known varieties of whsat for
streugth and color, thereby prodncin g
a flour that will give tht best possible
baking results for the housekeeper.
fjBT Ask your grocer for a trial sack
it will cost you no more.
A. L. MoRhlS & CO.,
3937-Gm Wholesale Agents.
T LIKE MB, THURSTON.
Secretary Gresh&m Makes Grave
DECLARED ' KK A NOJi GRATA.
Correiondme Said to Have Keen Sent
to President Dole Our Minister's
Apology Gresham Bererely Cen
sured Now On the Way Home.
Washington, March 19. Secretary
of State Gresham has requested Presi
dent Dole of Hawaii to recall Minister
Thurston on the ground that he has
become ITeTWJnaTioTT grata. This re
quest was forwarded to Honolulu about
ten days before the adjournment of
Congress. The grounds on which it
was based were that Thurston had
violated diplomatic etiquette by giv
ing out news to certain newspapers
and the press associations calculated
to intensify and increase the feeling
LORRIN A. THURSTON.
in this country favorable to the an
nexation o the Hawaiian Islands, and
had, moreover, made a speech at a
banquet of the Board of Trade last
winter in which, he advocated annex
ation. These were, in ilie eyes of
Gresham and Cleveland, heinous of
fenses, and there is much agitation in
diplomatic and political circles.
Grave, diplomatic and acute politi
cians are fluttering about like doves
when the hawk is hovering over their
heads. It is recalled that Cleveland,
during his first adminisration, and
when he was a candidate for re-election,
requested the recall of Sackville
Vest, British minister, for writing a
letter to a supposed naturalized Eng
lishman at Los Angeles advising him
to vote the Democratic ticket, of
which Cleveland was the head. In
Giant's time Catacazky, Russian min
ister, was recalled by request for mix
ing himself up in doubtful public and
private transactions. So there are
precedents for this sort of thing, and
precedents are the breath of life to the
THURSTON'S STRANGE ADMISSION.
Gossips were conjuring with a ru
mor late this afternoon that the Spau
ish minister's recall will be demanded.
His offense is alleged to be similar to
Thurston's, in that he gave an inter
view to the newspapers a few days
ago criticizing Secretary Gresham.
A New York newspaper of Febru
ary 13th contaiued a Washington dis
patch stating that Miuister Thurston
has received official advices of the
sentences passed upon alleged con
spirators in the late insurrection, and
names and other imp rtant data were
given. Two days later Secretary
Gresham sent for Minister Thurston.
He took Thurston into his private
room aud in a white rage accused him
of giving official information to the
American newspapes before com mu
nicating it to the Department. Secre
tary tiresham says the Hawaiian min
ister admitted that bis act had been
undiplomatic. The entry of the oc
currence on the State Department
records states this fact, aud it is im
portant, as the records will form the
official history of the occurrence.
Miuister Thurston today declined to
say whether he had admitted that it
was undiplomatic. It was a remarkable
admission for him to make, if he did,
under the sell of Secretary Gresham's
sweatbo. Old diplomats say that
eueh an admission from a diplomat
would forever disqualify him for future
service in his chosen field and cover
him with everlasting disjjraee. The
records of the State Department show
that the Hawaiian Minister admitted
that he had been guilty of an undiplo
matic act, but deciined to comply with
Secretary Gresham's request to put
the fact m writing.
CENSURE THE SECRETARY.
Secretary Greshwni is being as
round'y censured here for his action
in Thurston's case as he was praised
for his recent vigorous dispatch to
SpaiD. Above all he is censured for
his secret method of doing it. It is
an open secret that Gresham has hated
Thurston ever since that gentleman
got ahead of him in the diplomatic
game between them wheu the Admin
istration was bending all its energies
towards carrying out its policy, which
had for its object the restoration of
the ex-queen. Gresham has never
forgotten nor forgiven Thurston for
outwitting him then and has nursed
his desire for revenge until he could
find safe opportunity to wreak it.
There never was any trouble about a
pretext on which to base the request
for Thurton's recall, but it was not
safe to make it and have it become
Sublic when Congress was in session,
o Gresham waited uutil within a few
days of the expiration of Congress
and then launched bis bolt. He sent
his request secretly to President Dole,
secure in the knowledge that no news
could return here uutil the Fifty
third Congress bad expired.
No answer has jet been received
from President Dole. It is expected
to arrive by the next steamer, though
it may be delayed until later. It is
likely that while Dole will deny the
sufficiency of Gresham's reasons, he
will recall Thurston and send a new
Minister. This will, it i9 thought, be
Mr. Hatch, the new Premier of Dole's
Government, and Thurston will suc
THURSTON SAYS NOTHING .
The Examiner correspondent called
on Minister Thurston at the Hawaiian
Legation tonight. He courteously,
but positively refused to say anything
on the subject. From his manner
and from the fact that he would not
deny it, it was judged he knew all
about Gresham's action. From a
source near the Minister it was learned
that there had always been friction
between Thurston and Gresham. So
acute has this feeling become that
Thurston for several weeks, in fact
anterior to Gresham's letter to Dole,
has not gone about the State Depart
ment, the business of the legation be
ing transacted by Mr. Hastings,
Secretary of Legation. There is no
doubt of Thurston's knowledge of
Gresham's letter, and that, in fact, he
knew of it within a day or two at
most of its sending.
A diplomat said to the Examiner
correspondent that it is understood in
these days when a foreign representa
tive is declared persona non grata
by the Government to which he is
accredited, that this does not mean
simply that he U unpleasant or dis
tasteful to the head of the Govern
ment, but to the people who really
compose the Government. Formerly
the wishes or whim of the king con
trolled in these matters, but now
when the people are sovereign, they !
are the ones to be considered. Tons,
he argued that Thurston might be
persona non grata to Gresham or i
President Cleveland, and yet he per
sona grata to the people of the United
Washington, March 20. An inti
mate frieud of Miuister Thurston.now
in Washington, says that Thurston
has no official information as-to the
request for his recall, while at the
same time he has no doubt that such
a suggestion will be made to th t
Hawaiian Government. Jt is likely,
however, that Thurston will continue
to look after Hawaiian interests in an
unofficial manner. Thurston's friends
say that as a matter of fact that he
never has been treated at the State
Department as other ministers bave
been treated. It is intimated that
Frank Hatch may bo selected to suc
Miuister Thurston has been very
popular in Washington ever since he
arrived here, a little more than two I
years ago, as one of the commissioners j
to negotiate a treaty of annexation I
between tne uniteu states ami Ha
waii. His popularity with the Harri
son Administration, which at that
time was upholding the cause of the
WALTER Q. GRESHAM.
Hawaiian Republic, seemed, however,
to have rendered Mr. Thurston dis
tasteful to the Cleveland Admiuistra
tion, and especially to the Secretary
of State. Nothing that he did was
satisfactory, and he was snubbed and
ignored ouall possible occasions.
This ill feeling was carried to the
extent of denying him certain social
courtesies due his position, but the
Minister never complained, hut found
comfort iu the reflection that nine
tenths of the American people were
friendly to him and his Government,
and bitterly opposed to and ashamed
of the perfidious policy and actions of
the Secretary of State.
It is recalled now that Thurston has
not been at the Department In person
recently, although Mr. Hastings, hs
secretary, has been a frequent visitor,
though on no diplomatic errands so
far as can be ascertained.
One of the most notable cases of the
recall of a foreign Minister demanded
by the lulled State Government
was that of Mr. Catacazy, Russian
Minister at Washington during Presi
dent Grant's first administration.
The circumstances in this ease are
fully cet forth in Wharton's Digest.
Iu the correspondence that passed
between Secretary Fish aud A me loan
Minister Curtis it is held that "ao
official or authorized statement that a
Miuister has made himself unaccept
able or even that he has ceased to be a
persona grata to the United States, to
which be is accredited, is sufficient to
iuvoke the deference of a friendly
power and the observance of the cour
tesy aud practice regulating the dip
lomatic intercourse of the powers ot
Christendom for the recall of the ob
Secretary Gresbam has not directly
or tberwise let It be known to Mr.
Thurston that he is persona non grata,
and that the appoiutmeut of his suc
cessor is desired.
The Herald's Washington corres
pondent telegraph's the following :
Not only will Miuister Thurston sever
bis official relations with the Admin
istration, but he may be compelled to
leave the United States. 1 am relia
bly informed that Secretary Gresbam
has been -seriously considering the
advisability of demanding Mr Thurs
ton's deportation should he try to re
main here after his official relations
are closed, aud persist, iu his antagon
ism to the Administration.
Mr Thurston Is, and has been for a
long time, personally as well as offi
cially obnoxious to the Administration
authorities. It was scarcely believed,
however, wheu the rumor was Mr,
circulated that in addition to demand
Ing his recall, Secretary Giesham
would Insist upou his leaving this
couutry, but there are good reasons for
believing now that Mr. Gresham con
templates such a course.
I am told that the State Department
officials have been looking into the
question of the right of tne United
States to direct the deportation of an
obnoxious alien, and they have come
to the conclusion that there is no legal
obstacle in the way.
The expressed intention of Minister
Thurston to remain in the United
States after be had served 'bis diplo
matic relations for the purpose of
furthering the annexation cause is
thought to be the particular reason
which caused the Secretary of State at
this time to consider the propriety of
ordering him to leave the Uuited
New York, March 19. The Her
ald's Washington correspondent says:
The official demand for Minister
Thurston's recall was made to the
Dole Government thr ugh Minister
Willis. It was telegraphed to the
State Department's agent In San Fran
cisco and forwarded by steamer on
February ti 1-t.
The instructions to Minister Willis
are extremely positive in tone. They
direct him to iuform the Miuister of
Foreign Affairs of Hawaii that Mr.
Thurston has given copies of official
correspondence to tho press before they
were furnished to the State Depart
ment. Minister Thurston gave as excuse
for his action that all matter concern
ing Hawaiian a flairs was interesting
to the citizens of the Uuited Slates.
Ou Secretary Gresham's repn scuta
tions that it was irregular aud undip
lomatic for a foreign representative to
communicate official information to
the press before giving such informa
tion to the Department, the Minister
acknowledged that his proceeding was
not diplomatic and he verbally apolo
gized. This was not sufficient for
Secretary Gresham. He requested Mr.
Thurston to make an apology in writ
ing. Mr. Thurston refused. "
Secretary Gresham then formulated
and sent instructions to Minister Wil
lis. At the same time the Secretary
told Mr. Thurston that iu his future
relations with the Department he de
sired that all communications should
be put iu writing. It can bo auttior
itively stated that this is almost the
text of the instructions sent by Secre
tary Gresham to Minister Willis, not
withstanding the refu-al of either the
Secretary or Minister Thurston to dis
cuss the subject tonight.
Healanl Boat Club.
It was decided at last night's
meeting of the Healani Boat Club
to give a reception on the comple
tion of their new building. A com
mittee was appointed to make the
necessary arrangements for the
event, which will likely take place
during the latter part of tlje mouth.
Five new members were elected
last night and a considerable
amount of routine business trans
acted. Teachers' Meeting.
At the regular monthly meeting
of the Honolulu Teachers' Associa
tion, held in the Y. M. C. A. hall
last night, addresses were delivered
by Rv. J. M. Chase and the Rev.
Kennith Duncan. Musical selec
tions on hand bells, were given by
scholars from Kaulawela school,
followed by a violin solo by W.
Love. A fuller account of the
meeting will appear later.
The Hawaiian Gazettk Company
manufacture rubber stamps of all
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