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Established July 2, 1850.
.. 1. ' - VOL. XXI.. JSO. 3961. HONOIDTtr. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, FRIDAY, APBIL 5, 1895 PRICE: 5 CENTS. "W Business Cante. I BREWER k CO, LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomu Sugar Co., Wailuku Sugar Co., wainee sugar uo., jviaKee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa- pal a Ranch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets . Ohas. Brewer & Co. 'a Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jones President Qko. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor O. M. Cooke ) II. Watebhouse . . . - Directors A. W Cabter ) Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we must give v VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially to make a thorough examination of our ttock and prices, in Sterling Silverware Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jacobsou & Pfeifter. FOKT STREET, Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand . 3858-tf The Hawaiian Investment Co. REAL ESTATE -AND- LOANS, FOR SALE. Desirable Property in all parts of the City. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at a bargain. A 4-acro Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl City. A2-acre Lot at Kali hi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10 ; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaakumanu Street. Telephone 639. Near PostofBce. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON. Itoa Fire Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! W.W. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder AND REPAIRER. 'All orders from the other islands in the Carriage Building. Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. 'P. O. BOX 321, NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET SS63-y Massage. MP.8. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Aldresn at H. M. Whitney's, King st. ; Bell Telsphrma 75, 3223-tJ OTHER PEOPLE S MONEY INSURANCE AGENTS Ljusuicss Caros. M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. DENTIST, 98 H0T1L STRUT. -OrncB Hotjm 9 a. M.TO 4 T. U. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purpoaee ; Mattotg of all Kotos, Manila Cigajbs. WING WO CHAN & CO. Wo. 2Q Nuuanu FOsvmxt. Ji351-q W. F. O HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds of Bricx, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 50G KINO STREET, F. H. Redward's Old Stand. 3952-3m CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Corner Allen and Fort Sts. HOLLISTER & CO., 3710 1558-ly Agents. F. W. MAKINNEY, TYPEWRITER, Conveyance and Searcher of Records F1K. LIFE AND Accident Insurance. All kinds of Typewriting done, promptly, cheaply and accurately. ALSO GENERAL COLLECTOR. 'office: 318 fort street 384S-t WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKTJI LANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery P. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, NO. 71 HOTEL 8TREET. 3753-tf HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, ISo iters. Sugar Hills, Cooler, rran and Lead Castings, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT STREET, HONOLULU P.O. Box 386. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YU COMPANY, LIMITED, Commission Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Japanese -:- Provisions AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 411 KING STREE T, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. New Goods by every steamer. 3878-ly Business Carits. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Beretania streets. Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 p. m. Telephone No. 923. m 3933-3m LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 29 8. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN. ALEXANDER BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., San Francisco. Island orders promptly filled. 3S97-6m A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notnrj Fablic. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. . 3692-1 y WILLIAM C. PARKE, ATTORNEY - AT - I, AW AM) Agent to tsk Aeknowidgmnt Ornoa Ho. 13 Kaahumsuu Hrrset. ono- mm, hi. i. GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants. 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 PORT STREET, Telephones 22. P.O. Box 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 ITort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'s II. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, boda Water, (ringer Ale or Milk. OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M, Smokers' Reouisites a specialty . WM. F. THRUM, SURVEYOR. Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. 3859-6m C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher of Elocution, and. Dra matic Art, Arlington Hotel. 3884-y G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and Copyist. Office : With C. D. Chase, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 184. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 3931-6m H. W. McCHESNEY k SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AND DEALERS IN Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. AfUfllflTQ Honolulu Soap Works Co., iUTJmilO Honolulu Tannery. H. HACKFELD C0-, General Commission Agents Cor. Fort andfQueen sts., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Is the only blended flour ever offered on these Islands. It is a new ' Patent Process" of blending together the Best Known varieties of wh?at for strength and color, thereby producin g a flour that will give the best possible baking results for the housekeeper. JfTAsk your grocer for a trial sack it will cost you no more. A. L. MORRIS & CO., 3937-6m Wholesale Agents. ANNEXATION IS INEVITABLE, Report of Judge Dixon Regarding Affairs in Hawaii. NO COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE. Says the lieceot Insurrection strength ened the Kenubli--Denies Stories of Torture Believe Annexation Would Give the Islands a Decided Room. Butte (Mont.), March 18. Ex Congressniaii W. W. Dixon, who, it is understood, was sent to Honolulu by Chairman McCreary of the For eign Afiair3 Committee of the House to make an investigation- of recent events on the Islands, has returned to Butte. He says he made an investigation of affairs in Hawaii, even to events as far re mote as the overthrow of the queen, and the entire tenor of his remarks is in praise of. President Dole and his government. He found the annexation sentiment growing among the natives and half-breeds, who recognized the hopelessness of the cause of royalty and believed annexation would give Hawaiian sugar free entry into the United States and would therefore boom the Islands. Judge Dixon found that the re cent attempted revolution has strengthened the republican gov ernment greatly and that the gov ernment is very conservative in the treatment of revolutionists, and not at all vindictive toward the sup porters of the queen. The stories of torture, he says, were unfounded entirely, and no one was forced to leave the country, but many were given the option of standing court martial or leaving the islands un til such time as they would be given permission to return. He also found that the men who claimed the protection of the United States had a fair hearing and will receive fair treatment. Martial law will be removed within a month or six weeks, and the queen's sentence remitted. The legislature will be convened in the spring, and a gen eral election called for the election of a president. Judge Dixon .thinks annexation is inevitable, and says that the only people who are opposed to it are the English residents of the islands. mVreary denies. Washington, March 18. The report brought by Judge Dixon of Butte, Mont., from Hawaii, that ex-Queen Liliuokalani's sentence will be commuted and a general election called for the election of a President, is not credited by officials here. They cite the clause of the Hawaiian Constitution de claring that Sanford Ballard Dole has been made President of the Republic of Hawaii, to hold office until 1900. Representative McCreary, who is referred to in the dispatch from Butte as having commissioned ex Congressman Dixon to make an investigation at Hawaii, says : "I wish to deny the whole story. I never sent Judge Dixon to Hawaii, and did not know of his going until after he had gone. He went to recuperate the health of his son, Mrs. Dixon remaining at San Francisco with a relative of mine. I never heard of an investigation of Hawaii for myself or for the For eign Affairs Committe, and I have not received and will not receive a report on that subject." m m Substitutes Get Left. The Honolulu football team held a meeting on the Y. M. C. A. steps last evening. The distribution of gate receipts from the games of the season was considered. It was de cided to divide the amount equally among the players who took part in the three games played. The substitutes who worked hard to give the team practice and who stood ready to enter at any mo ment, were left out of the reckoning. THE MISSIONARIES OF HAWAII. Reply to Tirade of John Shearman of Brooklyn. W. li. OAITKI STATES FACTS. Origin of Term " Missionary "Natives N More Religion Thau Brooklyn ites Methods of Dealing Out the Lands Opposed hy Traders. Etc The virulent attack of John Shearman upon the missionaries of Hawaii and indirectly the Amer ican Board has attracted such widespread attention, that those interested in the work and the truth of what has been done could not be expected to allow such a tirade to go unnoticed. Below is given the text of a letter sent East yesterday, written by William R. Castle whose knowledge of the true worth of the men Mr. Shearman attacks is unquestioned : Honolulu, March 19, 1895. To the Pastor and Members of the Plymouth Church, Brook lyn, New York. Dear Friends: Observing in the New York Evening Post of the 27th of February, that Mr. Thomas G. Shear man had made certain statements re garding the American Missionaries in Hawaii, which I am sure from the gentleman's character are not made wilfully, but through an entire mis apprehension of the facts, I crave your indulgence for a few moments in the interest of justice and truth. During a residence of several years in Brooklyn, I was a member of the Puritan Church, yet I often heard Mr. Beecher, and learned to love and admire him as your people did. I was also impreesed with the fact that Americans loved fair play and will not willingly condemn with out hearing both sides. But there fa a stronger reason why you should hear the truth, and that is because a great wrong has been done to a noble and self sacriflcing body of men the American Missionaries to the Sand wich Islands. It is true that when the mission aries arrived iu 1820, the Hawaiian s were in a transition state. The chiefs especially who were intelligent to a degree not to be expected iu a people so recently heathen, saw that their idol worship was largely foolish and they desired someohw to swing into line with the march of civilization. But it is a mistake to say they were ready for conversion in the eense that it is used in the churches and by Christ, or St. Paul. They were buried iu the toils of a dark and fearful super stition and it was not until 1832 that any great and marked changes in the religious char acter of the people took place. For many years the entire nation remain ed in the darkest heathenism and subject to a most absolute despotism. The courtesy and kindness with wThich the missionaries were treated was remarkable, although they were subjected to privations and trials of which you have no conception. They continuously refused presents of lands and other things and devoted themselves to their work with the same self-denying enthusiasm that broueht them to this distant field. In 1837 a wave of what might be called j religious enthusiasm swept over the nation, and thousands were baptised and received into the churches. But the missionaries of that date, while thanking God for this great mercy, were not blind to the fact that human nature is the same the world over, and, if darkened by gross heathenism, is even more difficult to change than in civilized countries, where one is surrounded by Bible influences. Their fears were justified by events that fol lowed closely upon the great revival. And I may say in short, that the na tives of Hawaii have not been and are not today any more religious than even civilized Brooklyn, with its churches, its strikes, its poverty, and fearful injustice which is at its very doors. The missionaries earnestly sought the enlightened advance of this na tion; they urged upon the king and chiefs repression of drunkenness, the recognition of the Sabbath, the estab lishment of courts of justice, the granting of equal rights, the giving of homesteads to the people, and it was owing to their influence that a civilized government was established and has been maintained in Hawaii. In these thing they were bitterly op posed by the English, American and French traders, who came to this country for purposes of gain only, and it was from this opposition that arose the contemptuous phrase, "mission aries," which in a greater or less de gree exists to the present day, and ha been revived with great bitterness within the past two or three years for the purpose of injuring and heaping contempt upon tho-e who desire pood and enlightened government for Ha- waii, irrespective of religious tenden cies. Let me illustrate: A few years ago an American, who was speaking with great bitterness and contempt of j the missionaries, was asked (not by a missionary or any connection:, "Whom do you mean by mission aries?" After a moment's hesitation, the reply came, "Well, there is that W. L. Green." He was then Minis ter of Foreign Allaire, an English man, a man of the highest character and of much ability, but whose reli gious views were such that no church would have him. In 1848 the policy urged by the American missionaries, some of whom had left the mission and gone into the service of the Government at the ear nest request of the chiefs and king, regarding lands was at last put into e fleet. Up to that time the king had been the feudal lord. The chiefs held under him with somewhat uncertain tenure: the common people had noth ing. They had no right whioh wa respected by the king or chiefs. They belonged to the land and became re tainers of srch chiefs as from time to time inherited the property. After great opposition the chiefs yielded, to the king and gave up the great bulk of their lauds, who then retained cer tain lands as a royal domain for the support of the head of the Govern ment, and then made over certain other lauds to the chiefs, and the great remaining body was turned over to the Government to constitute "Gov ernment lands." A laud commission was then created with orders to exam ine all claims and award fee simple title, and especially to give lands in fee to such common people as could show that they or their ancestors had occupied certain parcels for a long period. The result of this was that even the king aud chiefs bad to come hefore this commission to secure their titles, and over 11,000 awards were made to the common people by which they obtained their little homesteads and farms. These ranged from one- half aero to several acres in extent and aggregated 28,(r,o acres. At this time the American Hoard, on behalf of the mission, received awards for the bites of schools and churches, together with the homesteads of the missionaries and, in a few instances, additional tracts for pasturiug their domestic animals. It must be borne in mind that at that date the lands of the country were of very small value and that in some instauces a hundred acres could be bought at from ten to twenty dollars. In pursuance of this enlightened policy the Ministerof Inte rior offered the public lands for sale and the common people bought immense tracts at prices ranging from 2u cents to $5 an acre. At this time a very few missionaries bought lands in the im mediate neighborhood of their resi dences, in uo instances aggregating more than a few hundred acres in ex tent. They had families to support, and I suppose, with ordinary fore thought, believed that something must be done for the future. Btill, if the somewhat peculiar aud extraor dinary ideas of some people in the United btates, with regard to what missionaries ought to be, are correct, then this foresight must have beeu a siti! One of these worldly-minded and property-seeking missionaries about 1801 or 1802 iuduced a number of capitalists iu Honolulu to join with him in establishing a sugar plantation into which he threw Ids own lauds. His purpose and object, as shown bv the records, was to furnish occupation, labor aud remuneration to tbe peonl of his district who were cursed with dleness largely dependent on insuffi cient employment. But the people of the district prospered, their frra.m houses were pulled down, they bought more laud and became property own ers and built improved dwellings it was many years not, indeed, until after tbe Reciprocity Treaty became a fact that this plantation paid any thing at all, since which time it has paid, sometimes small sometimes Jarg, dividends, and I am sorry that tut truth compels me to admit that this self-same missionary stopped t .Jan.. a.ny pay from the American Hoard while he continued his missionary work, and at the same time gave large gifts, covering sometimes his entire income, for the establishment of schools, the building of churches and in gifts to the American Board. While I am tempted to be a little sar castic, I am sure that Mr. Shearman will be glad to know of these facts and that the same are true with regard to one or two other missionaries, but more particularly in the case of a con siderable number of sons of mission aries who have engaged in legitimate trade or agriculture or commerce, through whose generosity churches and schools have been built and are now maintained. Their gifts in many instances cover a large portion of their income. I wish that every fact in this regard could be reduced to writing and a contrast made, or com parison, with what is done by your wealthy manufacturers, merchants and railroad kings. But, unfortunate ly, these people don't seem to want these things made public; but I know whereof I speak, because I am treas urer or a trustee in many Hawaiian charitable organizations, and have re ceived these large gifts generally with injunctions of secrecy. Mr. Shearman is in error with re gard to his figures and facts. Jn Isr, ',, upon the visit of Dr. Anderson to the islands for the purpose of putting the Hawaiian churches upon a self-governing and independent basis, lie was opposed (ilmost unanitnoualy by the missionaries who, while ihey ad au rait ted that the natives had almost universally actiuirrd t Jo rudiments of education were quiet and law abiding iu outward things, and generally had ttie manners aud appearance of civilization yet knew them well enough to know that they were not fit for self government, and that carrying out Dr. Anderson's plau must have ruinous rc-idf-. They were, however, overruled, and the