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Established July 2, 1S5C.
VOL. XXI.. JNO. 3962. HCXNOLUXTJ. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1S95. PRICE: 5 CENTS. Business ari)s. I BREWER Si CO, LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, B. 1. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomu Sugar Co., Wailuku Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pala Ranch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets . Oh as. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Joiceb President Geo. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Ool. W. F. Allen Auditor C. M. Cooks ) H. Watebhouse. .. Directors A. W. Cabteb ) 11 Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we must give VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially; to make a thorough examination of our stock and prices, in Sterling Silverware Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jacobsou & Pfeifter. FORT STREET, Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand. m 3858-tf The Hawaiian Investment Co. REAL ESTATE -AND- LOA-ISTS. FOR SAIiE. Desirable Property in all parts of the Oity. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, . Pearl Oity. A2)-acre Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10 ; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahmaim Street. Telephone 639. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke ITL LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON". itna Fire- Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY ! W.W. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage Builder AND REPAIREE. "All orders from the other islands In the Carriage Building, Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. 'P. O. BOX 321. NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET 3S6i-y - Massage. MRS. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitney's, King St. ; Bell Telephone 75. 3228-tf OTHER PEOPLE S MONEY HMNCE AGENTS Business Cariis. M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. 13 !C 1ST T I S T, 98 HOTEL STRUT. Orrics Houbs 9 a. m, to 4 r. u. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Matting of all Kotos, Maxila Cioabs. WING WO CHAN & CO, No. t& N"uuan." Sfcroal. S651-Q W. F. O'HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds of Brick, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 506 KING STREET, F. H. Redward's Old Stand. 3952-3m CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Corner Allen and Fort Sts. HOLLISTER & CO., 3710 1553-ly Agents. H. JAOUEN, Practical Gunmaker Will do any kind of repairing to fire arms, also Browning and Blueing and restocking equal to Factory work, fr-atis faction guaranteed. Union street, with O. Sterling, Painter. 3908-y WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AMD COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKUI LANE, Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and baker, NO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boiler, Sugar Mills Coolers, firass and Lead Castings, And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. SO. 8g FORT STREET, HONOLULU P.O. Box 386. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YD COMPACT, LIMITED, Commission Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Japanese :- Provisions AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, Sj 411 KING STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. fissNew Goods by every steamer. 387ft- iv MERCHANTS' EX(HAM, Corner cf Kicg and Nuuanu Streets. 3T"Ju8t received by the Australia, a fresh invoice of Enterprise Beer and Oysters FOB COCKTAILS. 'Telephone 805. 3907-tf Business (Tar lis. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Beretania streets. Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and f to 4 p. k. Telephone No. 923. 3933-3m LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. F. O. Box 29 S. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN. ALEXANDER J BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., San Francisco. Island orders promptly filled. 3897-6m A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. s Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-ly WILLIAM C. PARKE, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW Afltot to take AeknovirtadMsnc. Ofkos No. 13 Kaahnniarm Street, Hono lulu, JUL. 1 GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants. 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. H. may & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 FORT STEEKT. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT STBEET, OPPOSITB WILDER A CO.'S II. J. ISTOLXK, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served t 1th Tea, Cof fee, coda Water, Winger Ale or Milk. OPEN FROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Reouisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, SURVEYOR. Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. 3859-6m C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher ot Elocution and Dra matic Art, Arlington Hotel. 3884-v G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and . Copyist. Office : With C. D. Chaee, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 184. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 393l-6m M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AND DEALERS IN Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. A fi, T?NT3 Honolulu Hoap Works Co., auHUllO Honolulu Tannery. H. HAGEFELD C0-, General Commission Agents Cor. Fort andfQneen sts., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Is the only blended flour ever offered on thee Islands. It is a new 4 Patent hrocesi?" o' blending together the Best Known varieties of whant for strength and "color, thereby producin g a flour that will give the best possible baking results for the housekeeper. gjf Ask your grocer for a trial sack it will cost you no more. A. L. MoRKIS & CO., 3937-6m Wholesale Agents. A COLLECTION OF FALLACIES, Prayer Meeting, Political Harangue of T. G. Shearman. COl)Hivs HIS OWN (III K(H. Assert Attributes Never 1-: x iatiue 111 Drawn Conclusions On the Verge of n Precipice An Ant i-Annexationist of a Virulent Type. At last Friday night's prayer meet ing in Plymouth Church Thomas G. Shearman, in his characteristically forceful way, had something to say condemnatory of missionary work in Hawaii, which has led to considerable discussion in religious circles, says the New York Times. Mr. Shearman's remarks were not reported in the local papers, and as some misstatements have been made concerning what he really said, the Times gives what he has to say about the matter. "More than a year ago," said Mr. Shearman, "I told Dr. Abbott that in my opinion the proceedings in Hawaii reflected great discredit, not only upon the American name generally, but es pecially upon our American mission aries and the Congregational Church, which had sent them there and seemed generally disposed to sustain the actions of the missionaries' sons." "At that time what appeared to be Dr. Abbott's opinion?" "He never told me what he thought about it, and expressed doubts as to the correctness of my information, and mentioned some names of persons who had been to Hawaii and approved of the action taken there. He was op posed to any interference by the United States, although admitting, as I understood, that it was due to the interference f the United States troops that the Queen and the native authorities had been deprived of power. "This was at the time when there was an active controversy whether the United States would intervene or not. I rather desired to speak on this subject at that time at some of the minor meetings, but deferred to Dr. Abbott and to the advice of some friends, who, however, agreed with me in my general views. I remained silent for much more than a year, but the recent establishment of court-martial in Honolulu and the violent measures taken to suppress an incipi ent rebellion determined me to speak without consulting anybody. "On Friday evening, therefore, I rose and said I proposed to speak my mind on a subject which I would not name, leaving it to Dr. Abbott, who led the meeting, to say whether I should speak then or a week later." "And what did Dr. Abbott say to that?" "He very briefly expressed his pref erence that I should speak then, which I did. I said in substance that while it would not seem advisable to bring into the church meetings a purely po litical question, yet where grave moral questions were involved and action taken which affected the honor and good faith of the Christian churches of our own order it was proper to bring such subjects into a church meeting. "I said that bad Mr. Beecher been still alive, I felt perfectly certain that he would long ago have expressed from Plymouth pulpit most emphatic opinions upon this subject; that he would never have allowed a weaker race to have been practically enslaved by white Americans especially Con gregationalists and sons of Congrega tional missionaries without making a protest which would have been heard all over the land. I did not expect Dr. Abbott to do all that Mr. Beecher would have done, but thought some member of Plymouth Church should take the responsibility of say ing, as well as he cor, Id, what Mr. Beecher would certainly have said with much more eloquence and far more effect. "I theu said, iu substance, that sev enty years ago the American Board of Foreign Missions sent a few Con gregational missionaries to the Sand wich Islands, who were received by the people with enthusiasm. They did not really have to convert the people, for they were all ready for conversion. "The chiefs and the people threw away their idols and embraced Chris tianity with all their hearts. So com plete was their trust in the mission aries that, practically, all government was placed under missionary control, and the missionaries and their sons or their nephews had ever since had the practical government of the islands. What had been tbe result? "They found 130,000 people there, and now they report that they are only 34,000. But of these 34.000 they recently reported that 18,000 were members of Congregational churches a larger proportion of cburch mem bers than can be found in any other Protestant country iu the world. The miseiouaries boasted that those na tives were better educa.ed, better be havtd and more pt-aceable, orderly, i and religious, in proportion to their numbers than the people of many : parts of the United States. "The triumph of religion, and especially of Congregatiouali-rn, in Hawaii, was made th'e subject of end- J less boasts by missionaries and man agers of missions, and was made the ground of appeals to American Chris tians for fresh subscriptions and aid to missionary work. "Suddenly their whole tone chauged. The missionaries sons and some returned missionaries vehement ly asserted that the native Hawaiians were til thy and ignorant and a de based, licentious and idolatrous race, utterly unfit to b intrusted with liberty, but must be kept under the control of a firm and unscrupulous but pious Congregational despotism. "Assuming this to be true, then the result of between fifty and sixty years' unbroken missionary government in these islands has been that the popu lation has been reduced in numbers by three quarters, and that these three-quarters are as debased, licen tious and brutal as they were when the missionaries began their labors, and that the whole missionary enter prise has been a disgraceful failure. "Meanwhile there are some other facts, which tbe missionaries do not mention, but which cannot be dis puted. During the fifty years the government of these islands was un der missionary influence most of the natives were deprived of their rights in the land, excepting about 27,000 acres, and all the rest was divided among tbe king, the chiefs and the families and friends of the mission aries. "The missionaries' sons and their associates boast that they own four fifths of all the property of the isl ands. Nearly all the rest is owned by the descendants or the former chiers. The great mass of the people own nothing. The missionary govern ment, finding that tbe natives would not woi k for les3 than 25 cents a day, complained of the want of labor, and insisted on the importation of scores of thousands of the scum of the hu man race, including Chinese and what are called Portuguese, a mongrel race, who never saw Portugal, but who speak something resembling tbe lan guage of that country. "In this manner the missionaries' sons cut down the wages of the native Hawaiians and compelled them to work on their sugar plantations at such rates as seemed good to their masters. "Before the missionaries gained control of the islands leprosy was un known. But with the introduction of strange races leprosy established itself and rapidly increased. An entire isl and was very properly devoted to the lepers. No Protestant missionaries would venture among them. "For this I do not blame them, as no doubt I should not have bad the courage to go myself. But a noble Catholic priest consecrated his life to the service of the leper, lived among them, baptized them, educated them and brought some light aud happiness into their wretched lives. "Stung by the contrast of bis ex ample, the one remaining mission ary, a recognized and paid agent of the American Board, spread broad cast the vilest slanders against Father Damien. He said that Father Da mien was dirty. Much good mission aries can do among a wretched and degraded people if they hold them selves aloof from those who are dirty! Did the Apostles take care never to touch the dirty tuwids or sit against the dirty clothes of their early con verts? "He accused the good father of vile practices. But the vileness was in the Congregational missionary's mouth, not in the Catholic mission ary's life, and under threats of ex posure and legal punishment the Congregational missionary sneaked out of the accusation. Yet, after he had degraded himself in the eyes of every decent man, he remains, if I am correctly informed, still a well paid, well-housed, comfortaoly- cared- for agent of the American Board in Ha waii. Of course, he is an ardent an nexationist. "And now the very same men who by hundreds and thousands have protested with pious indignation against the Southern States for their practical disenfranchiaement of the Southern negroes, who are by the confession of their own best men vastly beyond the moral standard which the Hawaiian missionaries have until lately boasted as the parti cular attribute of their converts, are full of enthusiasm over what, with bitter irony, is called the Hawaiian Republic. "A republic forsooth, in which no man can vote unless he has property which would be equivalent to tbe possession of $5000 in Brooklyn, and in whicn no one can vote for Senator who is not worth $3000, which is equivalent to $20,000 iu Brooklyn. But even with this restriction of the suffrage our republican missionaries are afraid to trust the republican voters. Accordingly they did not care to allow the people, under any limitations whatever, to elect the President, but having got control of the Constitutional Convention, they appointed Mr. Dole President, to hold office for six years, and just so much longer as the Senate and Assembly should fail to agree on a successor ; restricting the choice, even then, to such persons as should be agreeable to a majority of the Senate, which will be elected by about 200 of the richest men on the islands. "Xor do they stop here. They passed laws severely punishing any one who dares to speak disrespectfully of their high mightinesses. Any one, whether a native or an American, who dares to say that this republican government is not republican, or that any of the missionaries' sous who deign to govern tbe barbarous Chris tians of Hawaii is not well fitted for his post, is liable to a long term of imprisonment and a heavy line. "And yet, after all, though tbey have the Government and the laws and the courts and the juries all in their own hands, they are afraid to trust anv of them, aud on the first sign of alarm and before a blow was struck, tbey shut up all the courts and proclaimed martial law. And this Is our pious Congregational missionary republic. This is the fruit of seventy years of Congregational teaching and missionary government. "Now it Is proposed to annex these islands, with their barbarous, Idola trous, dirty, debased Congregational heathen, Christian idolators and the 100,000 Mongolians and half breed Portuguese to boot, and to bring them into oar republic as one of the States of our Union to help govern us. Al ready one branch of Congress has voted to spend $500,000 in beginning to lay a cable for this purpose, which, ot course, will involve us in about $3,000,000 more in addition to that already incurred, to enable Hawaiians to plant sugar at a cost to this coun try of $50,000,000, taken out of the public treasury and put Into the pockets of the planters to enable them to employ Mongolians and half-breed Portuguese. ''But we are to snend rmmv miiiinnu more in annexing them. We shall have to build warships to defend our possession when we get it. "I consider this the most dangerous and disastrous proportion that ha ever been made in this country. If successful it will launch us on au era of colonization and of petty disgraceful foreign wars. It will bring into our Colon sham republics, which will still further corrupt our already cor rupt Government, and speedily de stroy all reality in republican institu tions. "We are on the brink of a precipice, and a very little effort Is needed to push us over. If I were standing alone on this continent I would op pose and denounce this whole soheine of foreign war, annexation and collo nial projects to the very last." MRS, MARY ELLEN GAY KILLED, Thrown Prom a Carriage aud Re oeived Fatal Skull Fracttre. 1: eared hy the Cook Family Decemoil Leaves Peven Children Fuuoral From Residence of Samuel I'arker. Mrs. Mary Ellen Gay, while on her way home from Waialua to Mokulela yesterday afternoon, was thrown fiom her carriage aud received a fracture of the skull which resulted In death a few minutes later. Mrs. Gay left her home on Mokulela Ranch during the afternoon for the purpose of engaging some Japanese servants at Waialua. Her Httla daughter Helen accompanied her aud was in the carriage at the time of the accident. Returning from Waialua, Mrs. Gay was driving slowly between the two Chinese stores near the Halstead plantation, when the horse became frightened at a Japanese standing in the road. The animal made a short .turn and threw both of the occupants out. The little girl escaped with a slight scratch. The first news of the accident was received at 5:30 p. m. yesterday from Waialua by telephone to this office, and was to the effect that Mrs. Gay was severely injured. About half an hour later tbe news of her death was received. The remains were prepared at once and sent to tbe residence of Samuel Parker on King street. The funeral will take place from there at 8 p.m. today, and interment in Nuuanu cem etery. Mrs. Gay was reared in the family of father and mother Cooke, two of Hawaii's oldest missionaries. She graduated from Puuahou College in March, 1876, with an excellent record. A little later she married Mr. James Gay, Of Australia, a brother of the Gay '8 on Kauai. Mrs. Gay was the eldest daughter of the late Circuit Judge, John Richard son, of Maul, and aged 43 years. It is a matter of interest to know that Mrs. Gy was placed in the Cooke family under the special guidance of Kamebameha V. Deceased resided at Mokulela ranch for several years. She leaves seven children, aged from 3 to 17 years. Philadelphia May Go to China. It was rumored last night, on what seemed to be good authority, that upon the arrival of the Ben nington or Olympia at thin port, the Philadelphia would go to China to relieve the Baltimore, which vessel is in need of repairs. In this connection it was report ed that in case the repairs now be ing made by the Honolulu Iron Works on the Philadelphia should prove a eucceps, the flagship will not go to Mare Island, but have her supplies pent here, and after making a trial trip, sail for China. Planters' Labor and Supply Company held a meeting yester day to discuss matters in connec tion with tho arrival and disposi tion of the Portuguese laborers that arrived by the Braunfels.