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Established July 2, 1850.
VOL. XXI.. JNO. 3971. HONOIAJItr. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1895. PRICE: 5 CENTS. jOiwtncss Cartte. 1 BREWER & CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, 71. 7. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomu Sugar Co.. Wailuku Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., Haleakala Ranch Co., Kapa pala Ranch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets. Ohas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jonks President Qao. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. YV. F. Allkn Auditor O. M. Cookk; ) H. Waterhousk. .. ... ...Directors A. W. Carter ) im if ait Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we must give VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially to make a thorough examination of our stock and prices, in Sterling Silverware Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jacobsou & Pfeifter. FOKT STREET, Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand . 3858-tf The Hawaiian Investment REAL ESTATE Co. -AND- LOk-isrs. FOR SALE. Desirable Property in all parts of the Oity. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl Oity. A2j-acre Lot at Kali hi. Residence at K alibi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10 ; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahumana Street, Telephone 639. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOK NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF B08TOX. itna Fire Insurance Company 'OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! W.W. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder AIND REPAIREK. 'All orders from the other islands in the Carriage Building, Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. P. O. BOX 321. NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET 3S63-y Massage. lfRS. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE i-TI that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitney's, King at. ; Bell Telephone 75. HUNfil INSURANCE AGENTS. tf Business (Sorbs. M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. DENTIST, 98 HOTIL STRUT, OFFIO HOUBS 9 A. M. TO A T. U. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FT.nnUR I And for Decorating Purposes; MATTOfa OF ALL KlNDS, Majcixa Cigabb. WING WO CHAN & CO? No. SS Suuanu street. 1601-q W. F. O'HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds ox Brick, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 06 KING STREET, F. H. Redward's Old Stand. 3952-3m CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Corner Alien and Fort Sts. HOLLISTER 3710 1558-ly CO., Agents. Practical Gunmaker Will do any kind of repairing to Fire arms, also Browning and Blueing and restocking equal to Factory work. Satis faction guaranteed. Union street, with C. Sterling. Painter. 390S-V WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKUI IiANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, NO. 71 HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf HONOLULU IRON WORKS Steam Engines, CO., Boilers, Sagar Mills, Coolers. axal Leat Casting, Crass And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithine. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT STREET. HONOLULU P.O. Box 3S6. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YD COMPANY, LIMITED, Commission. Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS EN Japanese -:- Provisions AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 411 KING STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. aCHNew Goods by every steamer. 3878-ly MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE, Corner cf King and Nuuanu Streets. Just received by the Australia, a received by the fresh invoice of Enterprise Beer and FOK COCKTAILS Oysters 3907-tf Telephone 805. Business &uiu JENNIE L- hildbbrand, m. d. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Beretania streets. (U Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 4 p. m. Telephone No. 923. 3933-3m to lewis & CO., and Detail Grocers FORT STREET, 111 Telephone 240. P. O. Box 29 S. T. ALEXANDER. h. P. BAl.nwiv ALEXANDER BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., San Francisco. 'Island orders promptly filled. 3897-6m A. PERRY, ATTUKNEY AT LAW And Notary 1'ublic. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3092-1 v WILLIAM C. PARKE. ATTORNEY AT LAW 4FD AgtDt to tk Omen No. 13 Ksahurnanr. Street Hcr a lulu, H.I. GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Merchants. Wine 225 Queen Street, Honolulu. H. I. H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDWARE 00., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. 3575-ly BEAVER SALOON, FORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'S II. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Boca Water, Wringer Ale or Milk. "OPEN FROM 3 A. M . TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Keouisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, SURVEYOR. Room Xo. 11, Spreckela' Block. 3859-6m C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher of Elocution, and Dra matic Art, Arlington Hotel. 3884-y G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and Copyist. Office: With C. D. Chase, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 181. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 3 931-6m M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AJTD DEALERS IN Leather and Shoe Findings HONOX.UI.TT. Soap Works Co., Tannery. AGENTS Honolulu Honolulu H. HAGEFELD 4 C0-, General Commission Ascents Cor. Fort andQneen sts., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Wholesale Is the only blended flour ever offered on these Islands. It is a new "Patent Process" of blending together the Best Known varieties of wheat for strength and color, thereby producin g a flour that will give the beet possible baking results for the housekeeper. gAsk your grocer for a trial sack it will cost you no more. A. L. MORKIS fc CO., 3937-fim Wholesale Agents. history is mm Gorman D. Gilman Pays His Compli ments to Lawyer Shearman. DKFKKSE OK AMl.1 IHs PA.HIttR. i i i .-ii i. or I'louetT U orkn-Grave or atiou Dug Before MiflMiouarie A rrived-Cttlnee Taking Up llawal iau Labor- First Clmrgy en to I.eper Gorman I). Oilman has taken up the gauntlet thrown down by T. G. Shearman anil has rendered the re sult of his observations and ex perience as follows : It is scarcely possible to conceive of any one conversant even in the mrst cursory manner with the work of the American Board in the Islands to have been so misled. He (Shearman) states that the whole race were practically enslaved by white Americans, es pecially by Congregationalism and sons of Congregational ministers. The missionaries of the board reached the Hawaiian Islands in the spring of 1S20. Up to that time commerce had unrestricted possession of the field for over forty years and had failed utterly in any attempt at the elevation of the race. The American missionaries sought at once to teach them the gos pel and the duties of the Christian life. There was no need for slaves for there was no requirement calling for severe labor ; in such a tropical climate the necessities of life were reduced to a minimum, which may be inferred from the fact that the American Board only allowed $450 for each man and S50 for each child that was born. So it would be impossible with the utmost frugality, to accumulate any amount of money to be used for the purposes of acquiring an ascendency w hereby the natives could have been made to act as slaves. At the time of the agitation of the slavery question, when the subject of the admission of isiaiius aiso come uuu tiiv. Foi.. tion of the American Government. The missionaries were opposed to any thing like annexation. They feared that under the influence of slavery the Islands might be brought into a state of serfdom, and consequently protested most vigorously against any alienation of the political privileges of the Islands. Again Mr. Shearman said that "the American Board sent a few Congrega tional missionaries to the Islands who were received witn eutnusiasm." They were very kindly received, but for some little time it was a question whether they would be allowed to re main or not. mtiuences that were always antagonistic to missionary work did their best to prevent the landing of the missionaries. In re gard to their embracing Christianity with all their hearts, they were a simple people that had ostensibly dis carded their idols and were without a God. The message of the gospel found a ready entrance, and it may be luestioued if in the history of the world there was ever-another such in stance of the speedy recognition of the principle of right and wrong. It is not the hrst or only case where ine ten commandments formed the basis of a code of law, which in this in stance worked to the advantage of all concerned, both to the native and to the foreigner who was living on the island doing business. In the matter of population, .Mr. Shearman said that in place of 130,000 people there can now be recorded only 40,000. That the missionaries are in no wise responsible for this diminu tion of population is almost too appar ent to need any explanation. The grave of the nation may be said to have been dug by their first inter course with foreigners long before the missionaries came, and the seeds of disease which were then produced have proved hydra-headed, and have so undermined the physical constitu tion of the Hawaiians that they have fallen an easy prey to the most simple of diseases. The missionary by his earnest efforts in saving bodies as wTell as souls, did his utmost to stay the tide of disease, and from one island to another, including the leper islacd, with all its repulsiveness, went visit ing the people, caring for them and doing all that was possible to stay the ravages of disease. The missionaries are no more responsible for the de cline of the Hawaiians than is Mr. Shearman for the decline of the Amer ican Indians. With regard to the physical and spiritual condition of the peop'e re ported as "peaceable, orderly, and a very triumph of religion," no special claim was ever made for Congrega tionalism in the matter; and yet it is worth while to notice that from the establishment of the mission in 1820 up to 1870, a period of fifty years, the happy effects of the labors of the mis sionaries could not be called in ques tion. Such travelers as Sir Alexan der Simpson, the governor of the Hudson Bay Company, such keen and critical men as James Jackson ' Jarves and Richard H. Dana, Jr., (gentlemen well known here in Bos- ! tor and whose views theologically were with the Unitarian denomina tion rather than with the Congrega- ; tionalists). and others might be cited ' to show that in the mind of all intel ligent travelers the success of the mis sion had been unprecedented. Every history of the islands which has been written may be claimed as uuquali tiedly sustaining this statement. ln.lS.0 the American Board judged that the time had come to withdraw from financial care for their mission at the islands. Up to this time little or no landed property had come into the hands of the missionaries them selves. The land upon which tln ir houses had been erected had been given by the Hawaiian Government to the American Board. When the board ceased its work in the islands this property was, with the consent of the Hawaiian Government, trans ferred to the missionaries then livinjr Am a a a mrm .mm . m in tne dwellings, t rom this time on they were obliged to take care of themselves. Most of them continued their pastoral work. Some of them turned to the business to which they had been early educated in the United States and sought to gain their liveli hood in trade. The records of the land transfers at the islands may be searched in vain for what could be considered a questionable transaction in the transfer of property from the Hawaiians to the Americans. In the early days the Hawaiian did not pos sess even sufficient quantity of soil to claim land enough to dig his grave. It is only under the reign of Kameha meha III, properly and honorably called "the good," that the land was divided so that the common native bad any lights which were respected either by the king or chiefs. From and after the great division of land the native possessed his little tract in fee simple and had the same power of disposing of it that any man has in this country. Sometimes it was used to good advantage. Too often it was sold for a mess of pottage. The Ha waiian, when became into possession of property and saw the toil demanded, was ready to sell his land for a consid eration to any purchaser. In this way almost the entire quantity of land for merly cultivated by natives in the raising of their staple article of food (kalo) has passed into the hands of the Chinaman, not the missionary. During my visit to the islands last summer I was informed by two of the most prominent planters (mission aries' sonsj that when they began their work it was without capital and with their own hands, and by hard work that they earned their living on plantations. Later by their prudence, industry and integrity they were offered the sale of plantation lands on wTiVcn fefer bothugTalYnflia? true of the larger majority of mission ary children. The statement that the Congregational Church of Honolulu last year expended in the neighbor hood of $20,000 for missionary work among the Hawaiians, Chinese, Jap anese. Portuguese and the islands of Micronesia certainly should be ac cepted as an indication of the gener ous spirit which actuates the sons of pioneers. The reigns of Kamehameba III and IV were periods of prosperity. The nation seemed to have reached its highest point so far as education and regular habits and manners of life and religious influences are con cerned. With the advent of Kala kaua came a great change. He died in 1801. His sister, Liliuokalaui, came to the throne in 1892. Mr. Shearman said that before the missionaries gained control of the isl ands leprosy was unknown. The mis sionaries are no more responsible for it than are the Congregationalists of New York for what may have been imported through that port. The American missionaries were the first to appoint a clergyman of the Hawai ians to minister to the unfortunate lepers upon the leper island. It is a mistake to credit the earlier effort! at evangelizing these poor people to the influence of the Catholic father. This work had been established years be fore, and was visited once or twice each year by the missionary who was the nearest resident. Further, some of the principal buildings at the leper settlement today were erected by the same class of missionaries' sons, so called, and the most generous contri butions to the support of these poor segregated people come from the very children of these American mission aries resident upon the islands today. The one man, an American mission ary, who has visited the island more frequently than anyone else, whose intercourse with those afflicted with this dread disease, and whose visits at the hospital in Honolulu have been the most frequent, is the gentleman to whom Mr. Shearman alluded with so marked a sneer. This missionary is a man who stood among our fore most pastors in a New England city, who has resided in the islands for eighteen years, and who has the con fidence of the whole community- in which he lives. It is clear that Mr. Shearman is either very poorly informed about the work of the American missionaries in the Hawaiian Islands, or has entirely missed its meaning and outcome. The facts of history are all against him ; the deliberate judgment of the Chris tian world and of all well-informed men is against him. Some powerful influence must have been acting upon him, thus to blind his vision and per vert his judgment. Ashford's Case. It is understood that V. V. Ash ford will accept the pardon granted him and, as soon as pressing busi ness matters have been attended to, he will take his departure. While Aehford will be allowed his liberty, he will be kept under surveillance. I NEW VEGETABLE WONDER. Succulent Forage Plant Known as Sacaline and its Uses I M.N. l.AM TO UK UriUZKD. BayeHaMMH i'roi Tht su..r cu bo 8uccetrully and I'rofltablr drown in the Ilnd-nfffh l"i l . - lld tor NeUmt Mupply Kootn from -lau. About a year and a half ago C. A. Brown handed to the Commissioner of Agriculture an agricultural journal containing an account of a wonderful forage plant which had been dincov ered by the Russian explorer, Maxi mowiez, in the Island of Haghalin, situated in the Sea of Okhotwh b- tween Japan and Siberia. Mr. Marn- den at once wrote to the principal seed dealers in Australia and America, only to And out that none of the seed was on the market, although tlx plant was being grown for that pur pose. The numerous properties of Saca line were so fully demonstrated that the first seed offered for sale realized enormous prices, being eagerly pur chased at the rate of ISSOO per pound, and durinir last year $1000 ner iwund was paid for the seed. The price has now fallen to $2.r per pound, but even at that price all available stock lias been exhausted. Many persons, in cluding the Bureau of Agriculture. were disappointed at receiving letters by the last mail stating that none of the seed was procurable. About six weeks since, the Bureau of Agriculture received the first lot of seed. The public was at once notified through the daily papers, and the seeds were quickly distributed to all parts of the Islands. There is a small supply still available for distribution. "V an nt t.hfl month the Com WlSJiioner of Agriculture expects to seed and roots, which latter will Do planted on a parcel of government land that has been well prepared ror its reception. The climate of the Islands is especially adapted to the production of this new vegetable wonder. Reports have come to hand from parties who are experimenting with the seeds received from the Bureau of Agriculture. The seeds are growing well, and there seems to be hardly a doubt but that the plant will flourish in this country. It is said that by planting the roots much quicker re sults are obtained than by seed. Be fore the end of the year the Bureau of Agriculture hopes to be able to how the capacity of Hawaiian soil and cli mate to produce Sacaline. The great value of this plant to Ha waii is in the possibility it offers for forage and the fact that it will grow on lantana lands. It is not to be ex pected tbat if planted among heavy lantana it will crowd it out, but if the land is once cleared of lantana and Sacaline planted in its place it will, by the rapidity of its growtli ami tin power of taking possession of the soil, prevent the lantana again obtaining a foothold. The immense tracks of land now containing the lantana pest could be made to produce an abundance of succulent forage if systematic plant ing of Sacaline is carried out. The young shoots and leaves of Sa caline. prepared in various fashions, furnish the table with an excellent summer vegetable, equal to spinach, chickory or lettuce, while by some they are considered as rivaling aspar agus. In years of abundance, these shoots, if in excess of home require ment, can be used for industrial pur- Koses. As soon as the stem attains a eight of four to six feet, they can be cut close to the ground and fed to cat tle. If the second growth is vigorous, another cutting can be made. The last cutting is done in late autumn, before frost. The following years, three or often four cuttings can be made. Used in ensilage, like corn, this is certain to prove a valuable nourishment for cattle in winter. Work of Leper Board. The leper board met at the Ka lihi receiving station yesterday afternoon, for the purpose of con sultation and consideration of vari ous points relative to'experimental work soon to be commenced on the twelve leper children recently brought from the settlement for the purpose. The houses at the station were inspected and found in a satisfac tory condition. Some additional improvements were decided on. Dr. Way son will have charge of the experiments until next January, when Dr. Hah is ex pected to arrive from Chicago. The Hawaiian Gazettk Comi-any manufacture rubber stamps of all descriptions