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Established July 2, 1850.
VOI. XXI.. .NO. 3979. HONOIiUIiU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, FRIDAY, APRIL 2(is 1895. PRICE: 5 CENTS. Business Cariis. i BREWER & CO, LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, II. . AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Honomu Bngar Co., Wailukn Sugar Co., Waihee Sugar Co., Makee Sugar Co., tlaleafcala Kancn Uo., Kapa- pala Ranch. Planters' Line San Francisco Packets . Ohas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. O. Jones President Geo. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor C. M. Cooke ) H. Watbrhouse . . . Directors A. W. Carter J Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we must give VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially to make a thorough examination of our stock and prices, in Sterling Silverware Souvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jaeobsou & Pfeifter. TOUT STREET, Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand. 3858-tf The Hawaiian Investment Co. REAL ESTATE -AND LCXAJNTS. FOR SALE. Desirable Property in all parts of the City. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl Oity. A2aacre Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10 ; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahnmana Street. Telephone 639. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OI" BOSTON. Itoa Fire Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! W.W. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage -: Builder AND REPAIRER. 'All orders from the other islands in the Carriage Building, Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt attention. P. O. BOX 321. NOS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET -y Massage. MR3. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE that she will attend a limited nam ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitney's, King st. ; Bell Telephone 75. 3228-t! OTHER PEOPLE S MONEY INSURANCE AGENTS B tisiiif 55 Cartis. M. E. Grossman, D.D.S. DENTIST, 8 BOTH. STRUT. 'Orricx Houbs Si.H.Tolr. u. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purposes ; Mattxho op xn Kotos, MANILA ClGABS. WING WO CHAN & 00. No. fi Nunanu 3trat. W. F. O'HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds of Brick, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 506 JKINGr STREET, F. H. Red ward's Old Stand. 3952-3m CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Esplanade, Corner Allen and Fort Sta. HOLLISTER & OO., 3710 1 558-1 y Agents. H. JAOUEN, Practical Gunmaker Will do any kind of repairing to Fire arms, also Browning and Blueing and restocking equal to Factory work. Satis faction guaranteed. Union street, with O. Sterling. Painter. 3908-y WM, L. PETERSON, Notary :- Public, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. 3818-y DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKTJI LANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and Baker, V HOTEL STREET. 3753-tf HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boilers Rngnr Kills, Coolers, Kress and Lead Castings, . And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 83 FORT STREET, HONOLULU P.O. Box 3S6. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YU COMPANY, LIMITED, Commission Merchants IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Japanese -:- Provisions AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 411 KING STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. New Goods by every steamer. 3878-ly Trrrn Corner cf King and Nuuanu Streets. Just received by the Australia, a fresh invoice of Enterprise Beer and Oysters FOR COCKTAILS. Telephone 805. 3907-tf Business (faros. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Keretania streets. Office hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 2 to 4 r. m. Telephone No. 923. 3933-3m LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 89 8. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN. ALEXANDER BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., San Francisco. Island orders promptly filled. 3897-6m A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. 3692-lv WILLIAM C PARKK, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW Ajjam to take Acknowledmonts OrriOB No. 13 Kaahnmann Street, Bono luiu. H. I. GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants. 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. L H. MAY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P.O. Box 470. 3450-y HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 807 Fort Street. 3575-1 y BEAVER SALOON, PORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'s H. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Boda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. OPEN PROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Reouisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, SURVEYOR. Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. 3859-6m C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher of Elocution and. 33ra- matio Art, Arlington Hotel. 3884-y G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and Copyist. Office : With C. D. Cbaee, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 184. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 393l-6m M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS AND DEALERS IN Leather and Shoe Findings HONOLULU. AfTENTQ Honolulu Soap Works Co., HUftrl 1 0 Hnnnlnlu Ttnimn. H. HACKFELD C0-, General Commission Agents Cor. Fort andJQueen Bts., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Is the only blended flour ever offered on the?e Islands. It is a new "Patent Process" of blending together the Best Known varieties of what for strength and color, thereby prodncin g a flour that will give tht bett possible baking results for the housekeeper. jtfAsk -your grocer for a trial sack it will cost vou no more. A. L. MORRIS & CO., 3937-6m Wholesale Agents. RISES IN DEFENSE, Miss Helen Ludlow Gives a Review of Missionary Work. NOB DH OFF QUOTED TO . i VANTA UJK American Oave Native More flights. Something of Labor ami its Costs. Work of the American Hoard Not Perfect But Far From a Failure. Miss Helen W. Ludlow, a teacher at Hampton Institute, Va., is the first lady who has come forward in defense of those whom Thomas Shearman attacked in Hawaii. Miss Ludlow has visited this coun try and is well acquainted with the work of the missionaries. In an extended article in the Evange list she writes in part as follows : Mr. Shearman said. "There are some facts which the missionaries do not mention, which cannot be disput ed. During the fifty years the gov ernment of these islands was under missionary influence, most of the na tives were deprived of their rights in the land, excepting about 28,000 acres, and all the rest was divided among the kmg, the chiefs and the mission aries." Mr. Charles Nordhoff, neither a missionary nor the son of a mission ary, gives, in his book on the Sand wich Islands, the true statement of the fact well known to all students of Hawaiian history, that under the na tive system, "The people lived by the tolerance of the chiefs, for they owned nothing, neither land, nor house, nor food, nor wife, nor child. He who vi olated a tabu the chief's or priest's arbitrary restrictions was instantly killed." That was the state of things the missionaries found when they reached the islands in 1819. Mr. Nordhoff' adds: "When in 1818 the king fKamehameba V., at the instance of that excellent man and upright judge, Chief Justice Lee, an American and a warm friend of the missionaries who'.were associated with him in this work gave the .'kuleana rights', he relievtd the people of a sore oppression, and at a single blow destroyed feudalism. The kuleana is the individual holding. Under the kuleana law each native householder became entitled to the possession of such land as he chose to occupy and cultivate." "It is creditable to the chiefs," says Mr. Nordhoff, "that un der the influence of the missionaries, they consented to this important change, fully knowing that it meant independence to the common people." Dr. Judd, one of the most promi nent of the missionaries, started the "Land Commission," which led up to this great result. It was agreed that the land should be divided into thirds, one for the king, one for the chiefs, one for the people. The king mag nanimously gave up one half of his third, and the chiefs one-third of theirs, for "Government land;" and a ereat part of thi 3 Gov ernment land was later sold to the people at a low price. The lands which tbe chiefs had given to the use of the mission were now deeded to the Board, and later, when the Board withdrew its support, they were trans ferred to the missionaries themselves, with the hearty consent of the natiyes. Another of Mr. Shearman's "facts which are not to be disputed," is that "the missionary Government, finding that the natives would not work for less than twenty-five cents per day, insisted on the importation of scores of thousands of the scum of the human race, including Chinese, and what are called Portuguese, but are a mongrel race who never saw Portu gal. In this manner," says Mr. Shear man, "the missionaries' sons cut down the wages of the native Hawai ians and compelled them to work on their sugar plantations at such rates as seemed good to their masters." The first "Bureau of Immigration" was formed, and the first five hundred laborers imported from China in 186-5, under Kamehameha V, in whose Cab inet there was not a single missionary or missionary's son, all his reign. The great demand for more laborers than the Islands could furnish came with the formation of a reciprocity treaty with the United States in 1876, ad mitting Hawaiian sugar free, and giv ing a sudden mighty impulse to the &uuar iudustrv in the Islands. The effect on wages was to raise them enormously. Mr. Claus Spreckels ! and other non-missionary or mission ary planters would smile at the i ea of thus having obtained labor at "less than twenty-five cents per day.' 'At that rate Mr. Spreckels would have become more than "Mr. Six-million-man," as the natives named him. In 18S4 General S. C. Armstrong, who visited the islands, wrote to the Southern Workman: "Before the Reciprocity Treaty wages were $6 to 7 per month on the plantations; now they are about $1 per day. Thousands of the laborers are busy in the fields and mills Hawaiians. Chinese. Jap anese, Portuguese from the Azores, , Madeira and South Sea Islauds; the supply of labor is still short: five; thousand more are needed." In 1S91 he again visited the islands, WOMAN ju-t after the McKiuley bill, putting all sugars on the free list, made the Reciprocity Treaty of no more advan tage to Hawaii. He wrote then of the laborers: "Portuguese get the best wages, heretofore about $1 per day; Chinese and Hawaiians nearly the same; Japanese about $16 per mouth; this, besides house rent and water, and often a small lot to cultivate, and medical care. But wages must now go down from one-third to one-half." Of the Portuguese laborers he says: "The Portuguese are the most hopeful of all the foreign labor element in the islands. They make homes every where, are thrifty; their children go to the public schools aud are improv ing and hopeful." One word as to the "inconsistency" with which Mr. Shearman charges the missionaries and their children in varying estimates of the native Ha waiians. In the first place the action of the American Board in withdrawing the mission was not taken with the ad vice, but against the protest of most of the missionaries, who felt then, as probably everybody feels now, that the native Christians, while in truth wonderfully advanced in many ways, and by no means hypocrites, were far from strong enough to be left to them selves. The event has proved tbe wisdom of those on the field. As General Armstrong says: "It was the blunder of the Gospel campaign in the islands of Hawaii. The change was inane at least a generation too soon. Habits can't be reversed like a steam engine; character is the work of generations. The Hawaiians are not tit yet for full responsibility There are a goodly number whose heads are clear and hearts right; all are kindly and welt meaning; but the majority are liable to be misled by inflammatory appeals aud lying demagogues. There has been decrease of morals and increase of wealth in tbe country. The Legisla ture under Kalakaua repealed the pro hibition against selling liquor to na tives, and intemperance increased frightfully. Great numbers broke up their homes and moved to Honolulu, where they easily pick up a living, get free liquor, and die rapidly And so this kindly, winsome, brave race that once so eagerly grasped the Gospel, is steadily sinking, and gossip blames the missionaries for it all." "To call the missionaries' work a failure is absurd. It is not a failure. It is a grand success, though not a perfect one. If no missionaries had gone to the Islands, the natives would have been very soon swept away by vice. As it was tens of thous ands have lived in the light and died in the faith, true disciples according to their strength, if not victors In thirty years the missionaries had given the natives a written lan guage, the Bible, books and newspa pers, a knowledge of reading and writ ing to nearly every man, woman and child; schools, homes, civilized gov ernment, aud the Christian religion. They had received into church mem bership in all 50,000 souls (of whom 20,000 had died and 8,000 had been ex communicated.). The distance between tbe people's condition and the era of heathen temples, human sacrifices, universal crime, oppression and dark ness, was a progress unparalleled in the history of'missions, but in matter of fact, the nation was still far from Christian civilization The missionaries tried to make Puritans out of Hawaiians; they did not suc ceed; but they laid the foundations of civilization and created a moral force which, terribly opposed, not so much by heathen as by men from Christion countries, asserted aud sustained the worship of God, and the ascendancy of order, justice and kumanity." LENZ IS HEARD FROM. There is a Hope That He May Still be Living. New York, April 9. J. H. Worman, the editor of Outing, received a cable dispatch today with news of the missing bicyclist, LeDZ of Pittsburg, who disappeared in the Kurdish mountains of Armenia while making a tour of the world. Lenz has been traced to the village of Chilgani, in the Alasgird plains, outside of Deli baba pass. A native of Chilgani says that Lenz arrived there May 9, just before sundown, and became the guest of Avak Parsegh. He was in good health and spirits, and held a sort of reception that evening, when many of the natives came to see hie machine, in which they seemed to take much interest. The next morning he left Chilgani, and a month later a report was cir culated among the villagers that he had been killed in the vicinity of Koord Ali. Mr. Worman does not believe that Lenz is dead. He thinks that he is held a captive. Should Lenz be found in captivity, international complications with America might ensue, and at the present junction Turkey wishes to avoid any unpleasant entanglements or any disagreeable disclosures about tbe conditions in Armenia that the commission may overlook. 1 Delaware' Chief Executive Expire. Laurel, Del., April 8. Joshua Hopkins Marvil, Govenor of Dela ware, and the first Republican elect ed to that office ia this State for thirty-two years, died at bis home here at 9:15 o'clock tonight, after an illness of several weeks. CONTINUAL ADVERTISING IS THE PRICE OF BUSINESS SUCCESS. THE SPRECKELS SLANDER SUIT, C. A. Spreckels Says that His Brother Influenced His Father. STOKV OF THK1K KASTKIIN K() Young Spreckels Deniea tUe l'arnl; Accuaationa Touching Dlahoneaty U Held Many 1'oalttona of Truat -He Agteert to .loin the Rugar Truat Pool. The Spreckels' slander suit was be ing heard on the 11th iust., at Ban Francisco. It will be recalled that C. A. Spreckels, a sou of Claus Spreckels, commenced suit against his father, basing the action on certain statements made by Claus Spreckels to a reporter for the Examiner, and which state- -1 mu ments were published in that paper a short time ago. The grounds on whirl: C. A. Spreckels makes his complaint are as follows : First That defendant, Claus Spreck els, said of plaintiff: "I gave that hoy $24,000 a year in Philadelphia. Then he drew out $250,000 of my money. I will tell, the whole story one of these days. Then the public will see these sons in their true light." Second Is materially the same as the first account in the complaint. Third That Claus Spreckels spoke of the plaintiffs suit against the Oce anic Steamship Company in a manner that would suggest au attempt at blackmail by the plaintiff. Fourth That the defendant said of plaintiff, "He will soon be bankrupt," which is alleged to have injured the plaintiff's credit as a ''merchant and capitalist." Fifth That the defendant said of plaintiff, "He has wasted money." In view of these premises Gum Spreckels wants $300 damages and costs of suit. The attorneys for the defendant are trying to impeach the character of tin plaintiff and an alleged shortage of $269,000 was brought up. Mr. Spreckels said he could not re member the date when his father re voked tbe power of attorney, under which he acted us agent. Asked whether he kept an account of moneys expended and to explain what became of the alleged shortage of $250,000 he said: "I have been trying to refresh my memory in tbe matter as to the difference of $250,000 that I could not for tbe moment account for. I placed it with J. and W. heligmau, pew York, against which Ado oh Snreckels drew a draft of $150,000, or it was tbe $150,000 which was never paid directly by the Havemeyers themselves, but was taken, at tbeir request, out of the contribution of the working capital and credited to my father's account on the books. I am stating this from my general recollection, but if you will furnish me the books I'll explain It all." "Did you demand of Mr. Searles," Shortridge asked, questioning the witness, "that you be taken care of by the American Sugar Refineries Com pany and as a reason for such a de mand on him, or that company, say that you had made nothing out of the deal of the Spreckels' Sugar Refinery sale in Philadelphia; that you had made no money out of that, and for tbat reason you asked him and de manded of him thai you should be taken care of, or if not that you could make and would make, disclosures hurtful to him or tbe corporation lie at that time represented?" "I will state that I positively deny any such demand or request from Mr. Searles or any one else." Regarding his business intercourse with Searles, of the Sujrar Trust, he said: "When I was in Kurope I re ceived a letter from a prominent gentleman in Philadelphia, in which he asked me whether I would come back and establish, tocether with himself and a number of his friends, a sugar refinery, to which I replied that my health at that particular moment would not permit me to en gage in any buwiuess whatsoever; that I would see him upon my return from Europe. I saw the gentleman and told him that at the present moment, XV v UP ' v i CLAUS SPRECKELS.