TILE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER; HONOIiUIU, MAY 1, 1895.
AN EFFECTIVE INSECTICIDE,
(jOTnmisRinnfr Gunnis JrerieotS an
Apparatus for Spraying Trees.
All Kintla of Parasites C'au be Easily
Dentroyed-War on Scale and
Red Spider Pests Operations.
For several months past Horticul
tural Commissioner Gunnis, of San
Dieeo, Cal., lias been worning on a
device for spraying orchard trees. He
recognizes that while the gas process is
effective, it is expensive, and in inex
perienced hands it is dangerous: also
that the kerosene emulsion, under the
approved formula and when thor
oughly prepared, was a complete in
secticide. He therefore went to work
to perfect a process for spraying which
should be thorough anu inexpensive.
Colonel Gunnis recently gave the
County Supervisors an exhibition of
the results accomplished.
The working apparatus is ail on the
platform of a light wagon. On the
Front end is a tank with a capacity of
100 gallons of emulsion. .Back of that
is a small electro-vapor engine, which
operates a double-action, high pressure
cylinder pump. To the pump eight
lines of hose may be attached. To
the end of each hose is a bamboo cane,
entirely perforated, and from six to
ten feet in length. The liquid paeses
from the pump through the hose and
comes out through a spray nozzle at
the end of the cane. In operation the
cane is poked in, about and all over
the tree to be sprayed, the longer
canes being used lor taller trees more
particularly olive trees. The pump
can be worked at a pressure of 200
pounds, and the spray thus forced
through is very fine and very searching.
"jno insecticide ever invented ex
cels the kerosene emulsion when pro
perly mixed," explained Colonel
Gunnis. "Our object was to find a
way to apply it thoroughly and at
little cost, and we have succeeded.
'inis process can be applied at one-
half the cost of auy other method.
Twenty-five to thirty acres of four-
year-old lemon or orange trees can be
treated in a day with these machines
and four men. It will destroy the
red spider as well as the scale."
He has also prepared a plant for the
preparation of the coal-oil emulsion,
which consists of coal oil, whale oil
soap and water in certain proportions.
But the value of the emulsion depends
most entirely on the thoroughness of
the mixture. As prepared by Gunnis
the substance looks like milk, so thor
oughly is it mixed. The best of
whale-oil soap 85 percent oil is se
cured and is first rolled out into a
thin sheet. It is then heated and
mixed under high pressure. He is
elated over the success of these ef
forts to secure a cheap and effective
insecticide, and believes a difficult
problem of agriculture has been solved.
HAD HIS EYE ON ARGON,
NATIVES ARE FAST DYING.
Report of Work by Missionaries in
the Marquesas Islands-
A resident of the Marquesas
Islands who has long labored
among the natives there, eays in
a private letter recently received in
this city :
"The same tale comes from all
sources, from officials and traders,
from missionaries and travelers, from
Protestants and Catholics. All are
agreed that this unfortunate people
are rapidly dying out, and that their
rapid decrease was in a great measure
due to their vicious lives. The French
authorities are doing what they can,
and have now at the eleventh hour
prohibited both alcohol and opium.
They have, moreover, ordered that all
children be sent to school. But once
emancipated from school the youth
seem to fall back into the wavs of
"The Hawaiian missionary, Kau-
wealoha, is doing a good work. Such
is the report brought by an American
trader who knows him well. The
same report comes also from an -Entr
lish traveler and philologist, who.
nowever, spoke not rrom his own
knowledge but from recent informa
tion. It is the same story as that told
by Stevenson. Kauwealoha is gener
ally looked upon as a sterling, upright
man who is trying to lead the natives
aright, but with no more success than
any one else.
"iieKeia. the other Hawaiian mis
slonary, is quite feeble. His influence
is decidedly not what it was, but still
he has about a dozen who cling to him,
not that they show any greater favor
to the Catholics, who have a very
well-appointed mission in Kekela's
valley. No; the young men and
women especially make light of all
kinds of religion. Old Kekela rules
his household well in all godliness
and honesty, thus setting a good ex
ample. Even if they will not listen
to his precepts, the testimony of his
life remains, and he is evidently
greatly respected. The old man is
becoming blind; cataract seems to be
forming fast. He does not wish to be
anywhere else than where he is.
'The testimony given by these two
representatives ot the Hawaiian
cnurcnes is most usetui and may re-
suit in the saving or a remnant."
Acidic k ordwaTe Cd
VULCAN SAFETY MATCHES The best in the market odorless.
W A R
Framed at $1.25 each and Upwards.
have just received by the
Triton, a large shipment of
Among them which will be found
Bar Iron, All Sizes;
Bragg Rods, Sheet Brass,
Rubber Garden Hose;
Mechanics' Tools, a specialty;
Ready Mixed Faints; Taints in Oil;
Dry Iaints; "Varnishes; Paint Oils;
lncol and. Linseed.,
Paint Brushes, Blasting Powder, Giant Powder, Caps and Fuse
CARBOLLNEUM AVENARITJS !
Wood Preserving Oil.
Endorsed by the Press, Scientists and leading Architects throughout the World.
Preserves all wood above or underground, in fresh or salt water. Prevents
dampness in walls and renders brickwork waterproof. Destroys vermin, insects,
house fungus, disinfects premises.
CARRIAGE WHIPS a new invoice.
Agents for the celebrated VACUUM OIL.
Pacific Hardware Company, Limited,
Fort Street, - Honolulu
X. HOPP 6c CO.,
WIRE FURNITURE JUST RECEIVED !
Madam Moie3ka, the Polish actress,
who was expelled from Russia re
cently, is in Berlin, and she has ap
pealed to Ambassador Runyon to in
tervene in her behalf.
Annealed and Tested.
Slack & Brownlow's Water Filters,
Counter and Bag Twine,
Boiled Linseed Oil
White Lead, Zinc,
Krfison Knew of ias in the
Thomas A. Edison has recently
been reading up on argon, the newly
discovered gaseous constituent of the
atmosphere and on the experiments of
Lord Raleigh and others abroad, says
the New York Sun. He said recently
that he intended to do some experi
menting himself as soon as he could
get around to it. "That will probably
not be until next summer," he added,
"as I am still very busy with my
mining operations. J do not know of
any investigation into the nai;re of
argon having been made in this coun
try, but doubtless experiments will
vn be made all over the world.
They will look for argon, and it
quite likely that in looking for 1 they
will And other new elements in the
"The discovery of argon is a fresh
evidence of how little we really know.
Here is a constituent existing in the
atmosphere to a considerable per
centage, and yet the air has been
analyzed and anylized for more than
fifty years without Its presence being
suspected. The investigators would
withdraw the carbonic acid and the
oxygen and say that what was left
was nitrogen. Somebody finally no
ticed that this nitrogen possessed
slightly different properties from pure
nitrogen obtained in other way?, and
the result was that argon was discov
ered. "My investigations will be made in
connection with my incandescent
lamp. Phenomena takes place in the
lamp-) which cannot be explained ex
cept on the hypothesis of a new ele
ment in the atmospheric residuum left
in the bulb. Whether argon is res-
eDnsible for them or not I do not
now, but I shall try to find them out.
It seems, from investigations already
made, that argon is a perfectly inert
gas. It has not been found to unite
with anything. I believe it is possi
ble, however, that it may unite with
incandescent carbon. If it isn't argon
that attacks the filament, it may be
something else which hasn't been dis
Mr. Edison has also been working
recently on the combination phono
"The only trouble," lie said yester
day, "is a purely mechanical one.
The jar of the machinery impairs the
image. When the picture is thrown
on a screen the jar is magnified as
much as the image. We intend to
have a life-size picture of a man
speaking which will show the action
while the phonograph supplies the
words. Then we can have an orches
tra playing, with the music and the
motions shown by the combination.
We'll have it pretty soon, too."
CASTLE & C00KE,L'd
Hardware mi General Merchandise
Mrs. Eliza iAtgree
Westerly, R. I.
Once I Was Blind
Now I Can See
A COMPLETE STOCK OK
A.T LOW PRICES:
Rugs and Portiers of all sizes.
In Oak or Cherry,and other goods
too numerous to mention.
Repairing of all kinds prompt
ly attended to. Furniture packed
for the other islands. Special
care given to Piano moving.
74 KING STREET.
Profit made by US, as we buy
direct from the maker, where
by we save YOU the middle
man's profit. If you have been
told otherwise, call and bo
Our special announcement
to you is that by the Gaelic
we have received a fine assort
ment of Dress Goods, Gents'
Furnishings, Neckwear and
Japanese Jewelryconsisting of
Scarf Pins in new and unique
designs for hoth ladies and
Robinson Block, Hotel Street.
Thanks to Hood's 6arsaparilla.
MC. L Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.:
"I have suffered everything possible with
ore eyes and headache, tho sores so sorer
that I was blind. I tried everything I heard
of without benefit, and went to tho Rhode
Island Hospital, but found no relief there.
A friend told me of Hood's Sarsaparllla, so
I bought a bottle and a box of Hood's Pills.
With More Than Thanks j
I want everybody to know that since I hav
been taking these medicines, I have become
as well as ever. My eyes have perfectly
healed and the headache is cured. From
my picture you can see there is nothing the
matter with my eyes now." Mrs. Klizx
Logree, Potter Hill, Westerly, R. I.
Hood's Pills cure nausea, sick headache,
Indigestion, biliousness. Sold by all druggists.
HOERON DRUG COMPANY,
S66 Wholesale Agents.
Firewood for Sale.
UT AND SPLIT ALGEROBA
Firewood in quantities to suit, at $12
per cord, delivered to any part of the
city limits, free of charge. Apply at yard
of California Feed warehouse, next to O.
R. A L. Co. depot. Telephone 195.
New Stencil Maps.
A series of stencil maps have been
introduced in the public schools by
Inspector General Atkinson that will,
it is believed, prove a great assist
ance in the study of geography and
map drawing. These maps are the
invention of Principal Leomalterre
of Onomea school, Hilo. They are
prepared on thin paper and it is but
the work of a few moments to obtain
the outline of the map on a black
board. The outlines are accurate
copies of the maps Obtained from the
survey office, and the system com
plete is a most useful addition to the
"Half and Half"
Is a great appetizer, makes the weak
stout and purities the blood. Sold at the
Two for 35 Cents.
MISS D. LAMB
OH SO Of J. V. M33,
near the Postoffiee.
At Hawaiian Gazette Office.
HENRY CLAY AND
not be generally known
that we are doing copper plate work of
every description at home.
But such is the fact, nevertheless.
No longer necessary to send away for
your invitations or announcement cards;
we do it at home ; do it just as good : do
it quicker ; do it just as cheap.
As a rule, you do not have time to send
away for your stationery when you de
cide to give an entertainment, and have
been content to use the ordinary printed
Since the Gazette Company have
been doing the printing, we do the en
graving, and they do the rest.
You have long been crying for this
work at home, so keep it here by giving
it your liberal prtronage.
We are also
for this kind
work prompted me to put in an electro
plating plant, and we are now in full
blast for this kind of work.
BOCK & COMPANY
Are too Large for
Olioiee Havana Cigars
Hollister & Co.
IMPORTEB8 AND DEALERS IN
Japanese Silk and Cotton Dress Goods !
Kimonos, Scarfs, Shawls, Bamboo Parlor Screens, from $2 up and Portieres, Fans,
Lacquer, Porcelain and China Ware, Gents' Furnishings, consisting of Silk, Cotton
and Crape Shirts, Silk and Cotton Hose, Neckwear, etc., etc.
4EBF" We are the cheapest and best house in Honolulu for Japanese Goods.
Call and we will convince you with prices.
MURATA & CO.,
But they tit papa the
he has had made in
nicest of any thai
If you don't know where the place is,,
ask the policeman on the corner to
413 Fort Street.
While ordering a suit, you can also be
fitted out in all classes and grades of
Don't Forget the Number
In either men or women will be tolerated by persons of correct habits. It is al
ways easy to be well dressed at the present condition of prices and goods.
I import direct from Japan and buy for cash and consequently get iow figues.
My present stock of Silk and Cotton Underwear, Towels, Hats and Caps are the
latest importation and are equal to the demand of the most fastidious.
I also handle Provisions, Mattings, Toilet Soaps, etc. Samples of all kinds of
Japanf se Goods which I can import on short notice.
Take home a sample package of my S. T. Tea. I guarantee it to be first-class
in every particular.
405 KING STREET,
Johnston & Storey.
THE MOW FAVORABLE TERMS
are now offered for insurance on
Deep Water Vessels by the Firkm an '.
Fund Insurance Company op San Fban
Cisco. For particulars apply to
JOHN H. PATY,
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