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Established July 2, 1856.
VOIi. XXI.. JNO. 3964. HONOIiTJIiU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1893. PRICE: 5 CENTS. "Business Cante. I BREWER t CO., LIMITED Queen Street, Honolulu, II. J. AGENTS FOR Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Onomea Bazar Co.. Honomu bazar Co., VV ailuku Sugar Co., Waihea Sugar Co., Makee sugar Co., tiaieakala Kancn uo., Kapa- pala Ranch. Planters' Lino San Francisco Packets . Ohas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston Packets. Agents Boston Board of Underwriters. Agents Philadelphia Board of Under writers. LIST OF OFFICERS: P. C. Jones President Gbo. H. Robertson Manager E. F. Bishop Tres. and Secy. Col. W. F. Allen Auditor O. M. Cooaa ) H. Waterhoubk. .. Directors A. W Carter ) Is what we want, but in order to ob tain it, we must give VALUE FOR VALUE and invite the attention of the PEO PLE (tourists especially to make a thorough examination of our stock and prices, in Sterling Silverware 8ouvenir Spoons, Plated Ware, Watches and Diamonds, Native Jewelry, manufactured in unique de signs and to order. Jacobson & Pfeifter. FORT STREET. Wenner & Co.'s Old Stand. The Hawaiian Investment Co. REAL ESTATE -AND- FOR SAIjE. Desirable Property in all parts of the Oity. Four Houses on Punchbowl street at bargain. A 4-acre Lot at Makiki. Lots 4 and 5, Block 25, Pearl City. A2 34 -acre Lot at Kalihi. Residence at Kalihi with barn, pig pens and chicken coop, 120x10 ; suitable for a Chicken Ranch. 13 and 15 Kaahmnanu Street. Telephone 639. Near Postoffice. Castle & Cooke L'd. LIFE AND FIRE AGENTS FOR NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL Life Insurance Company OF BOSTON. ftna Fire Insurance Company OF HARTFORD. HONOLULU CARRIAGE MANUFACTORY! V.W. WRIGHT, Proprietor. Carriage : Builder AND REPAIRER. 'All orders from the other islands In the Carriage Building, Trimming and Painting Line, will meet with prompt Attention. "P. O. BOX 321. HQS. 128 AND 130 FORT STREET Massage. yfR8. PRAY WOULD ANNOUNCE 1TA that she will attend a limited num ber of patients. Address at H. M. Whitney's, King st. ; Bell Telephone 75, 3228-tf OTHER PEOPLE S MONEY INSURANCE AGENTS "Business (Torus. M. E. Grossman, D.D.8. DENTIST, 93 EOTli 3TR1C7. 'Owes Hovm 9a.it.To4r. M. New Goods A FINE ASSORTMENT. TILES FOR FLOORS ! And for Decorating Purpoees ; Mattixg or aix Kihds, Maxtla CiQAaa. WING WO CHAN & CO. No. 89 T3iMYni. W. F. O'HALLORAN, Contractor and Builder Estimates given on all kinds of Brick, Stone and Wood Work. Jobbing promptly attended to. 506 KING STREET, F. H. Redward's Old Stand. CONSOLIDATED Soda Water Works Company, Limited Isplanada, Corner Alien ? nd Fort Sis. HOLLISTER & CO., Agents. H. JAOUEN, Practical Gunmaker Will do any kind of repairing to Fire arms, also Browning and Blueing and restocking equal to Factory work. Satis faction guaranteed. Union street, with C. Sterling. Painter. WM. L. PETERSON, Notary :- Poblic, -: Typewriter AND COLLECTOR. Office : Over Golden Rule Bazaar. DR. J. UCHIDA, Physician and Surgeon. No. 5, KUKUI LANE. Office Hours: 8 to 12 a. m. and 8 p. m. Mutual Tel. 532. PIONEER Steam Candy Factory and Bakery F. HORN, Practical Confectioner and haker, 2STO. 71 HOTEL STREET. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO., Steam Engines, Boilers. Sugar Hills, Coolers, Brass and Lead castings. And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job work excuted on the shortest notic. LEWERS & COOKE, Successors to Lewers & Dickson. Importers and Dealers in Lumber And all Kinds of Building Materials. NO. 88 FORT STREET, HONOLULU P.O. Box 3S6. Mutual Tel. 544. NAN-YD COMPANY, LIMITED, Commission Merchants IMPORTEB8 AND DEALERS rS Japanese -:- Provisions AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 411 KING STREET, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. New froods by everv steamer. MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE, Corner of King and Nuuanu Streets. JsfTJust received by the Australia, a fresh invoice of Enterprise Beer and Oysters FOR COCKTAILS. Telephone 805. Business Caros. JENNIE L. HILDEBRAND, M. D. Homeopathic Physician. Corner Fort and Beretania streets. Office hours: 9 to 12 a, m. and 2 to 4 p. m. Telephone No. 923. LEWIS & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 111 FORT STREET, Telephone 240. P. O. Box 28 8. T. ALEXANDER. H. P. BALDWIN. ALEXANDER A BALDWIN, Commission Merchants No. 3 California st., Fan Francisco. APstF Island orders promptly filled. A. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT LAW And Notary Public. Office: Over Bishop's Bank. WILL AM 0. PARKE, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW i.vD Agent to take A ekaowiedgaissu Ofkob No. 13 Kaahamauu Street, Hono lulu, M. I. GONSALVES & CO, Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants. 225 Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I. H. may & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 98 FORT STREET. Telephones 22. P. O. Box 470. HAWAIIAN HARDWARE CO., HARDWARE, Cutlery and Glassware 307 Fort Street. BEAVER SALOON, PORT STREET, OPPOSITE WILDER A CO.'S II. J. NOLTE, Proprietor. First-class Lunches served with Tea, Cof fee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale or Milk. OPEN PROM 3 A. M. TILL 10 P. M. Smokers' Requisites a specialty. WM. F. THRUM, S XT R V E O R. Room No. 11, Spreckels' Block. C. J. WHITNEY, Teacher ot Elocution and Dra matic Ajct, Arlington Hotel. G. E. SMITHIES, Accountant, Collector and Copyist. Office : With C. D. Cbaee, Safe Depo sit Building. Telephone 184. The collection of Government Bills a specialty. 3931 6m U. W. HcCBESNEY & SONS WHOLESALE GROCERS ASD DEALERS IK Leather and Sboe Findings HONOLULU, A (11FNTQ Honolulu Soap Works Co., AUEUAlO Honolulu Tannery. H. EACKFELD CO., General Commission Agents Cor. Fort and Queen sts., Honolulu. Imperial Flour Is the only blended flour ever offered on these Islands. It is a new "Patent Process" ot blending together the Best Known varieties of wheat for strength and color, thereby prodncin g a flour that will give the beet possible bakine results for the housekeeper. JP Ask your grocer for a trial sack it will cost vou no more. A. L. MORKIS & CO., 3937-6ra Wholesale Agents. THURSTON Will HOT REM, That Gresham Letter Has Arrived Via Japan. SICKKTABT STA1KS BIS ;K1KVACK Letter Upon Bowler's Appeal to liilted States Is a Naturalized Citizen ef ' Hawaii Cannot Bear Allegiance to T wo Government Will Not Interfere i 44 Minister Willis called on the Minister of Foreign Affairs on the 80th of April, and read to him a letter from Secretary Gresham dated Feb ruary 21st last, which he said had been sent to Japan by mistake, in timating that Mr. Thurston is no longer personally acceptable to the Administration at Washington as Hawaiian Minister. "The ground is that Mr. Thurston had allowed a representative of the press to read private letters to Mr. Thurston from Honolulu concerning conditions and sentiments there, por tions of which were made public. "These letters also contained criti cisms upon the policy of the Adminis tration toward Hawaii which were not published, but came to the knowl edge of Mr. Gresham." The above is the statement given out by Minister Hatch yesterday afternoon after the meeting of the Executive and Advisory Councils. The communication was discussed by the Cabinet at its morning ses sion, and a meeting of the Councils was called at 4 o'clock in the after noon. The session was a short one, and no definite action was taken upon the matter. The letter of Secretary Gresham regarding the Bowler case was also placed before the legislative body. This document reads as follows : Department of State, Washington, April 5, 1895. j Alberts. Willis, Esq., Honolulu, H. I. Sir : It appears from your No. 88 of February 28 that on the 22d of that month, J. F. Bowler was convicted before a military commission sitting at Honolulu for participation or com plicity in the disturbance or uprising in Hawaii early in January and sen tenced to imprisonment at hard la bor for five years and to pay a flue of $5000; that he now claims protection as an American citizen; and that the Hawaiian authorities assert he is not entitled to such protection because he is a naturalized citizen of that Gov ernment. When Mr. Bowler left this country and went to Hawaii does not appear, but on March 18, 1885, he voluntarily took an oath to support the constitu tion and laws of the Hawaiian Inlands and bear true allegiance to the king, without expressly renouncing or re serving his allegiance to the United States. Section 432 of the statute pre scribing this oath (Compiled laws of Hawaii, 1884), provides that every foreigner so naturalized shall be deemed for all purposes a native of the islands and subject only to their laws and entitled to their protection, and no longer amenable to his native sovereign while residing in the king dom , nor entitled to resort to his na tive country for protection or inter vention; that for every such report he shall be subjected to the penalties an nexed to rebellion, and that having been thus naturalized he shall be en titled to all the rights and immunities of a Hawaiian subject. I am informed that the Supreme Court of Hawaii has held that the taking of this oath oper ates to naturalize the alien and ad mit him to full citizenship. It is not claimed that since 1885 Mr. Bowler ever returned to the United States or resided elsewhere than on the islands. This Government ha3 never held to the doctrine of perpetual allegiance, on the contrary from its organization, it has maintained that the right to throw off one's natural allegiance and assume another is inalienable. "Ex patriation," said Attorney-General Black in 1859, "includes not only emi gration out of one's native country, but naturalization in the country adopted as a future residence." The effect of naturalization is to place the adopted citizen in the same relation to the government as native citizens or subjects. The right of the Ha waiian Government with his consent to adopt Mr. Bowler a3 fully as if he had been born upon its soil is as clear as his right to expatriate himself. He manifested his intention of abandon ing his American citizensbjp by tak ing the oath to support the constitu tion and laws of Hawaii and bear true allegiance to the king, and, so far as known, he manifested no con trary intention before his arrest. That oath is inconsistent with his allegiance to the United States. By taking it, he obliged himself to sup port the government of his adoption, even to the extent of fighting its bat tles in the event of war between it aud the couutry of his origin. He could not bear true allegiance to both governments at the same time. The President directs that you in form Mr. Bowler he is not entitled to the protection of the United States; that in similar cases you will be guided by the views herein expressed and that you furnish the Minister of Foreign Affairs with a copy of this in struction. I am, sir, Your obedient servant, W. Q. Gresham. 1 mm TOO MANY JAPASK E BOK KK The Ouestloii Becoming a Crltleal One in British C olumbia. Vancouver (B. C), April IS. Over 500 Chinese and Japanese arrived in British Columbia by the steamer Em press of Japan. Of these nearly four fifths are Chinese, but a number are on their way through to the Havana plantations and elsewhere. Most of the Japanese, however, are intending to seek employment in British Colum bia, where the rapidly increasing number of these coolie immigrants is causing no little disquietude in labor circles, as the Japanese labor is re strained by no poll tax and will work almost as cheaply aud more intelli gently than the Chinese. They are consequently too rapidly ousting white workers from employment, in the lumber yards, on the river and coast steamboats, in mining, in the river and coast fisheries, and now, also, in small farming and market gardening. It is, therefore, beginning to be felt that before long, unless the coast dis trict of British Columbia is to become a little Japan, some restriction must be legislatively imposed upon the im migration of Japanese coolie labor, although nothing but friendliness is entertained for the intelligent middle class Japanese settler in Western Canada. One tentative was taken by the British Columbia Legislature last ses sion iu passing a measure preventing Japanese, when naturalized, from ob taining the provincial franchise, lest otherwise whole electorates would be swamped by an Oriental vote. This, however, only partly meets the needs of the situation in a province where even, ordinarily paid white labor at present find insufficient employment. HAILS for tk oefkmdkk. To Be Made of Specially Woren Duck of Selected Cotton. Boston, April 19. The second suit of sails for the Defender, the boat now being built at Bristol for the defense of the America's cup, will be made by Wilson & Silsby of this city, the eail makers from whose hands came the canvas of the Colonia, Jubilee, Pil grim and Navahoe. In the contract for building the boat it is provided that the Herreshoffs shall furnish one suit of tails and the syndicate another. The Herreshoffsi are themselves mak ing the suit which they are to furnish, while the order to the Boston sail makers is from the syndicate. The suit will be made of specially woven duck from selected American cotton. Ony the best obtainable mate rial will be used. The exact sail plan of the Defender is given as follows: Mainsail, 4500; topsail, 1325; two jibs, 2300; club topsail, 1848; spin naker, 7128. Total, 19,101 square feet. The dimensions of the balloon sails have not been determined upon. The foresail is included in the figures for the two jibs. It will be seen by this total of 19,101 square feet that it eclipses the sail area of any racing boat yet built. NOT 1 M.I K K THE MtMESE TWINS. A Chicago Birth Unparalleled in Medi cal Annals. New York, April 16. Nature was not quite decided whether or not she should give twins to Mr. and Mrs. Koehler of 342 East Forty-second street, and the result is a pair of baby girls whose bodies are strangely united. The new comers present a phenomenon which has no parallel in medical annals. These babies are joined diagonally from the lower part of the spinal column to tne upper part of the pelvis. It is believed the bones known as the sacrum and cocyx are identical in both bodies. Another singular fea ture of the case is that the children, though joined at the back, are able to face to the front owing to some elas ticity of the ligaments and flesh at the place of juncture. They have each a complete quota of organs and the limbs are separate and distinct. Peculiar Japanese Custom. A peculiar Japanese custom was brought to light last night by a celebration in a Japanese family on Maunakea street. It seems that when a Japanese boy reaches the age of G months a feast is giveD. The house was decorated with flags aud lanterns. Many Japan ese were present to do honor to the six-manths-old. When a girl reaches the same age, or any other age, she is completely ignored. Postmaster Oat's Visit. Postmaster-General J. M. Oat and wife will l-ave for the Coast by the Mariposa. Instead of going to the volcano or some of the other islands as has been his habit, Mr. Oat has decided to vary the programme. He will spend five weeks abroad, returning by the Mariposa. GUARDIANS OP PUBLIC HEALTH, Sanitary Committee Condemns the Old and Unsightly Fishmarket no mora; scaki.atina IN UII.o Resignation of Or. Allen at iian Four Brothers for Uojr' Home. Cholera In the I'eacadorea Ir Cattle May he Appointed to Kalihi ptatlna The regular weekly meeting of the Board of Health was held yes terday afternoon. President Smith occupied the chair. Doctors Day, Emerson and Wood, members Ena and Lansing, Dr. Wayson and Health Agent Reynolds constituted the attendance. Weekly reports of Dr. Monsarrat were read and approved. Regard ing the Act to Mitigate, that report showed total number on list to be 111 ; natives, half-whites and all others. The police department re ported considerable increase of Japanese women engaging in ques tionable occupation. Complaint was also made concerning disreput able Chinese women located in different portions of the city. Dis cussion brought out the fact that no Japanese or Chinese women were registered under the Act to Mitigate. The Board thought if these women carried on that kind of business they should be properly registered. The advisability of confining these characters to cer tain localities was discussed, but no action taken. R. W. Meyers, agent at Kalau papa, wrote concerning matters at the settlement. His suggestions were carried out regarding certain requests, etc. A communication from the settle ment was read touching the matter of procuring additional sisters for the boys' home. The Bishop of Panopolis will leave by Thurfday's steamer for a visit to France. While there he will secure the servio s of four lay brothers for the boys' home, it being found preferable to employ these. Permission was granted to Rev. M. C. Kealoba, a native minister at the settlement, to pay a visit to Honolulu. Ellen Lyons petitioned forprivii ege to go to Kalaupapa and take away the infant child of her daugh ter, the mother being on her death bed. The matter was deferred until word could be received from Agent Meyers about the matter. Dr. Oliver's quarterly report, ending March 31st, was read and filed. The President thought Dr. Oliver was not explicit enough in rendering his reports, and unduly negligent in replying to letters. Dr. Wood said he had failed to re ceive replies to letters sent to the settlement physician. Dr. T. Allen, Government phyei cian at Hana, Maui, tendered his resignation on account of ill-health and the necessity of a change of climate. He recommended that Dr. McGettigan be appointed in his stead. The resignation of Dr. Allen was accepted and Dr. Mc Gettigan appointed. Acting Hawaiian Minister wrote from Washington certifying to the high character of Dr. Charles H. Castle, of Cincinnati, Ohio, who had previously made application for a position under the Board of Health. Dr. Day thought Dr. Cas tie might be given the place at Ka lihi experimental station, now that Dr. Hale had concluded not to ac cept it. A full statement of the work required at the experimental station will be sent Dr. Castle, in order to acquaint him with the duties before accepting the position. The following letter was read from Dr. Hale : Chicago, April 18, 180 . To the Board of Health, Republic of Hawaii, William O. Smith, Presi dent : Your oflkial notification of the ac ceptance of my application for the po Itlon of Bacteriologist has but Just been received, and I appreciate the honor you have done me. Though you have very liberally ac-