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Established July 2, 1836.
VOL. XXV., XO. 4507.
HONOLULU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, FRIDAY. JANUARY 15, 1S97.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
J. Q. WOOD,
m ' . -. I-
And 'Notary Public.Ui
OFFICE: Corner King and Bethel
Dr. C. B. HIGH.
Graduate Philadelphia Dental College,
A. C. WALL, D. D. S.
M. E. GR0SSA1AN, D.D.S.
SS HOTEL STREET, HONOLULU.
Office Hours: 9 a. m. to 4 p. m.
A. J. DERBY, D. D. S.
Alakea Street. Between Hotel and
Hours: 9 to 4. Telephone, 615
GEO. H. HUDDY, D.D.S.
FORT STREET, OPPOSITE CATHO
Hours: From 9 a, m. to 4 p. m.
C. W. MOORE,
nUVOirilW nH CnDP.UnW From Sim
rmoiuinii auu uunuuvu Fnincist-o.
DISEASES OF WOMEN AND CHILD
Office: Club Hotel, Beretania Street.
DR. BERT. F. BURGESS,
Trousseau Residence, 446 Punchbowl
Street, Honolulu, H. I.
Hours: 8:30 to 10 a. m.; 1:30 to 4 p.
m.; 7 to 8 p. m. Telephone, 852.
H. C. SLOCGETT.
M.D.C.M., L.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Edinburgh.
EYE, EAR, NOSE, THROAT.
Beretania Street, Next Hospital.
Office Hours: 8 to 10 a, m.. 1 to 3 and 7
to S p. m. Telephone, 701.
The Honolulu Sanitarium.
10S2 KING STREET.
. A quiet, homelike place, where train
ed nurses, massage. "Swedish move
ments," baths, electricity and physical
training may be obtained.
P. S. KELLOGG, M. D..
LYLE A. DICKEY,
Attorney at Law.
14 Kaahumanu st. Tel. 682.
HITCHCOCK & WISE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Solicit of Honolulu merchants and
attorneys such business as they may
have on thi3 Island requiring the serv
ices of local attorneys.
Will. I AM H. PARKE.
Attorney at Law
AGENT TO TAKE ACKNOWLEDG
MENTS. Office at Kaahumanu St., Honolulu.
H. HACKFELD & CO.,
Corner Fort and Queen Sts., Honolulu.
P. MAURICE JHIAHOX.
LW CASES. DEPOSITIONS, ETC,
Typewriting Neatly and Rapidly Done.
With W. R. Castle. Telephone, 170.
me only mm mw$ Porior
J. J. WILLIAMS, The PbotoSrapSer
FORT STREET : : HONOLULU.
SPECIAL BUSINESS ITEMS.
THE SINGER received 54 first
awards for Sewing Machines and em
broidery work at the "World's Fair,
Chicago, 111., being the largest number
of awards obtained by any exhibitor,
and more than double the number giv
en to all other Sewing Machines. For
sale, lease and rent. Repairing done.
B. BERGERSEN. 113 Bethel Street.
City Carriage Company have removed
to the Corner of Fort and Merchant
Sts. Telephone No. 113. First-class
Carriages at all hours.
JOHN S. ANDRADE.
Architect and Superintendent.
The pleasantest, quietest, shadiest
and most perfectly appointed seaside
resort on the Islands. Elegantly fur
nished detached cottages or rooms are
obtained on easy terms. The table Is
superior to that of any of the city
hotels, and all the modern conveni
ences are provided.
Picnics and bathing parties can ob
tain extra accommodations by tele
phoning in advance.
The Queen Hotel.
First-Class in Every Particular.
Run in connection with
The Eagle House.
Both situated on Nuuanu Avenue.
FIRST-CLASS TABLE BOARD.
Carl Klemme, Propr.
CHARLOTTE H. PARA1ELEE.
n n nit nf 4Tin Hinn A T7 n
lCdiiidi ui uid riaiiu-ruuc.
2"JU Beretania Street.
OrrosiTE Hotel Gates.
U0N0LULU IRON WORKS CO.,
BOILERS, SUGAR MILLS, COOLERS,
BRASS AND LEAD CASTINGS,
And Machinery of every description
made to order. Particular attention
paid to ships' blacksmithing. Job work
executed on the shortest notice.
M. W. McUHtSNLY & SUNS
:- WHOLESALE GROCERS
AND DEALERS BNT
Honolulu Soap Works Company and
Kobe Immigration Company.
ROBINSON BLOCK, HOTEL ST.
P. O. Box, 116. : : Telephone, $70.
H. MAY & CO.,
-:- 9S FORT STREET. -:-
Telephone, 22. : : : P. O. Box, 470.
LEWIS & CO.,
wno esale o
111 FORT STREET.
Telephone, 240. P. O. Box, 29.
TRY THE CELEBRATED
T a s a sI
Best in the Market, and only J 4.50
a case (4 doz.). E. R. ADAMS,
Telephone 1S4. Agent.
W. C. ACHI & CO.
Brokers and Dealers in Peal Estate.
We will buy "or soli Real Estate in all
parts of the group. We will sell prop
erties on reasonable commissions.
Office: No. 10 West King Street.
A PACIFIC CABLE
Completion of Details at Mod,
LILIUOKALANI IS IN I BOSTON
Death of Rear Admiral
Skerrett, U. S. N..
End of an Honorable Career Vo
luntarily Retired From
NEW YORK, Jan. (J A copyrighted
cablegram from London to the Even
ing Post says: The drafts of the Pacific
Cable Commission were signed this
afternoon on behalf of the British.
Australian and Canadian governments
atter many months' investigation.
The result, which is kept strictly secret
for the present, is awaited with keen
interest as the first tangible product of
Joseph Chamberlain's aggressive co
lonial policy, an important step tow
arus estaonsning untisn supremacy
in the Pacific and supplying the em
pire with an imperial cable free from
foreign interference. It is understood
the report favors laying a cable at the
earliest possible moment between Van
couver and Australia, under joint sub
sidies by England and Canada, certain
of the Australian colonies and New
Zealand. It must touch nothing but
British territory, leaving Hawaii to
be tapped by a branch line. The Lau-
rier government made Canadian sup
port absolutely conditional upon the
absence of foreign stations, which
would destroy the strategic value of
the cable to the empire in case of war.
The Canadian delegates strongly fav
ored the construction and operation of
the cable as a join, government enter
prise by an imperial colonial cable
trust of England. Canada and Austra-
lia, paying a third of the cost each.
English official opinion, supported by
some or the Australian colonies and
backed by strenuous opposition to the
existing eastern company monopoly.
favored a subsidy to an independent
company, which course will be adopted
The cable will cost about $10,000,000,
to be put down and be ready within
two years. The project-now awaits the
approval of the imperial legislatures
The only difficulty expected is in Aus
tralia, where intercolonial rivalries are
certain to create opposition.
LONDON, Jan. 7. The Chronicle
announces that the Pacific Cable Com
mission has finally signed its report,
11 savs inat tne lowest tender for a
Fanning island cable ranged from tl,-
517,000 to JEl.SSO.OOO. according to
whether a 12, 15 or lS-word per min
ute cable is laid.
CJIVKV NEW YEA II UHEKT1NGS.
Lllluoknlanl Teulertl Compliments of
A delightful reception was that held
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. William
L,ee, on ueacon street, urookiine, yes-
l4UU;t V X V 111 11 .LJUlllVIVCllllllt ucillc,
tae guest of honor, says the Boston
Herald of Jan. 2.
The old colonial mansion house was
filled with guests from 3 to 5 o'clock.
The receiving party formed a pretty
picture, as, grouped in the bay win
dow, it greeted with charming cordial
ity the many friends who called. In
the party were ex-Queen Liliuokalani,
Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Kia Nahsolelin, Mr.
Lee. Miss Lee. Mr. J. Haleluhe and
Capt. Julius Palmer. The ushers were
Misses Flora and Donalena MacDon-
ald and Mr. Frank M. Goss.
The house was richly decorated with
flowers. Music was rendered by Miss
Sarah MacDonald, harpist.
The ex-Queen wore a gown of black
velvet, with thread lace garniture,
caught with jewels. The badge of the
Mystic Shrine was prominent. Mrs.
Lee wore a costume of French gray
and lace, with a bracelet of gold on
her arm, presented to her by her guest
as a token of friendship. Mr. Lee
wore a New Year's gift from the ex
Queen, a heart-shaped pin of pearl,
with center of amethyst.
ADMIRAL SKEKKETT DEAD.
UiiIUhI states Naval Officer Well
Known In Honolulu.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 1, 1S07.
Reur Admiral Joseph S. Skerrett, U.
S. N., retired, died at his residence in
this city last night.
Rear Admiral Skerrett was an Ohio
man. and was appointed from that
state in IS IS. In that year and until
he was attached to the razee In
dependence of the Mediterranean
squadron. He was on the sloop Marion
j from 1S52 to 1S54. as a midshipman and
navigator and watch officer, with sta
tion on the coast of Africa, where a
squadron was located in those days.
He was made a passed midshipman in
lS5i, having passed at te head of his
class. The following year he was pro
moted to be master, and at the same
time was commissioned a lieutenant,
with duty on the frigate Potomac, on
wuat was then known as the home
From 1S5G to 1S59 he was on board
the Falmouth on the Brazilian coast,
and from 1S60 to 1S62 he was again on
the .African coast, with duty on board
the sloop Saratoga.
In 1SG2 he waS commissioned a lieu
tenant commander, and for a year or
more was stationed on ordnance duty
at the Washington Navy Yard. In
1S63 he was attached to the Shenan
doah as executive officer. It was not
until 18G4 that he actively took part
in the great conflict, though when the
war broke out he ached to be placed
in command of a ship befitting his
rank of lieutenant-commander. In
that year he was given command of
the gunboat Aroostook, and engaged
with the rebel fortifications at the
mouth of the Brazos river in Texas in
After the war he was placed in com
mand of the apprentice ship Ports
mouth as a commander. He was on
duty at the naval academy from
LATE REAR ADMIRAL SKERRETT.
to 1872, during which time he com
manded the Macedonian and the Sara
toga on two practice cruises.
In 1S75 he was placed in command
of the Portsmouth, surveying in the
Pacific. He was on duty at the Wash
ington Navy Yard from 1875 to 1878,
and was in charge of the first light
house district, in New England, from
1S78 to 1881.
He commanded the flagship Rich
mond in the Asiatic station from 18S1
to 18S4, assuming command at Pana
ma, and, by direction of the Navy De
partment, visiting Apia, Samoa, to set
tie a difficulty into which the United
States Consul had become involved and
to examine the coal station at Pago-
He succeeded to the command of the
squadron on the Asiatic station in Oc
tober, 1S83, and continued to com
mand until 1884, when he took charge
of the naval asylum at Philadelphia.
He remained in charge until 1888, and
became a member of the Naval Ad
visory Hoard, wnicn was engageu m
He was made a commodore in 18S9
and placed in command of the Ports
mouth (N. H.) Navy Yard. Two years
later he was made the commandant of
the Washington Navy ard, upon
which duty he remained until his as
signment, in 1892, to the command of
the Pacific station. He was shortly
afterward transferred to the Asiatic
station, owing to the change of policy
toward Hawaii, which took place with
advent of the Cleveland administra
tion. Secretary Herbert wrote him a
letter at the time, stating that his
transfer was not due to any dissatis
faction with his course at Honolulu.
He was very popular in Hawaii, and on
the occasion of his departure there
was a great public demonstration in
The Skerrett family have been prom
inent in the social affairs of Honolulu,
and this fact led to the unwarranted
rumor that the intimacy of Mrs. Sker
rett and her two daughters with the
families of the Provisional Govern
ment was the cause of Commodore
Skerrett's removal. Mrs. Skerrett
knew the deposed Queen of Hawaii,
and had several times called on her
while in Honolulu. Mrs. Skerrett is
of Southern birth, and entertained at
the time of the war pronounced seces
sion views. She made no secret of her
opinions. Mrs. Skerrett maae irequent
visits to relatives in the South. She
is supposed to possess the last official
signature of Abraham Lincoln, which
she secured to a pass between the lines
on the fatal evening in April, ISC".
Admiral Skerrett voluntarily retired
fro-n service July 9, lS9i, while in
command of the Asiatic station. ha--
ing the distinction, according to the
records, of serving longer sea and
shore duty than any other officer of
Committee Listen to Sipr Tariff
PROTECTION AHD BOUNTY THE CRY
Oxnard Wants Recipro
city Treaty Abrogated.
Beet Sugar Industry in the United
States Needs Protection
WASHINGTON. Dec. 30 The third day
of the tariff hearings was devoted to the
sugar schedule. Four interests were rep
resented, the importers, the cane grow
ers, the heet raisers and the renners. The
importers were heard lirst. John Farr of
New York opened the argument. Their
recommendations, presented by Mr. Farr,
First On all sugar testing 73 degrees or
less a duty of 1 cent per pound, adding
3 cents per degree to 100 degrees.
Second An additional duty of about a
fourth of a cent differential on all sugars
above 16 Dutch standard in color, to pre
vent refiners entering refined sugars at
the same duties as raw sugars of the
Third An additional discriminating du
ty on all sugars from the bounty-paying
countries, with authority to the President
to raise or lower the duties on goods
from those countries as bounties were
raised or lowered.
This scheme, the importers estimated,
would yield the Government a revenue of
$30,0o0(H) a year, the amount of sugar
paying duty being about one and a half
million tons, and the average polariscope
test being (S2 degrees.
In reply to a question, Farr declared
that there was no undervaluation of su
gars now Imported, but owing to the
strict interpretation of the law by cus
tom house officials, the tendency was to
pay more duty than the law called for,
Appraisals were made on the basis of
estimated values at Trinidad and other
places where there were no market Val
"What would you say," said Mr. Ding-
ley, "to the statement furnished by Hen
ry .Drown of Massachusetts that the in
voiced value of all sugar imported in 1M3
was an average of 3-10 of a cent a pound
under the London valuation?
Mr. Farr considered that statement nn
truthful and entirely theoretical. London
values were not representative, as Ger
many had absorbed the business. London
prices on cane were merely nominal.
Farr was questioned by Payne of New
York on the effect of the operation of the
American Refining Company on the bus!
ness. The importer asserted that only In
occasional bargains could the American
Sugar Refining Company buy its goods
cheaper than other firms. Its Influence
had been to reduce the price or sugar
throughout the world. Under the present
differential rate of 3-10 of a cent the im
portations for the last year had been G5,
000,000 tons larger than ever before. A dif
ferential of 1-4 of a cent a pound would
enable the soft white sugars to compete
with the centrifugal refiners.
Solomon Humphries of New York, th6
chairman of the committee appointed by
the sugar trade, explained the difficulties
of an ad valorem tariff on sugar and
made a plea for a specific system. The
change, he said, was unanimously de
manded by the trade. Ad valorem valu
ations are unjust on account of the fluc
tuations in prices. The sugar schedule
had given the Treasury Department more
trouble than any other feature of the
tariff act now in force. It had been esti
mated by the department that it would
yield a revenue of $43,000,000, but for the
past year the revenue has been less than
$30,000,00, and under existing conditions
it would not exceed $21,000,009 for the cur
Higner prices for raw sugars would un
doubtedly be the result of the schedule
desired, Mr. Humphreys continued, but
the advance would be so small that it
would not be fc-lt by the average family.
A duty beginning at three-fourths of a
cent at 7j degrees would 3'ield $13,000,000
revenue. The production of sugar was
now regulated by consumption, and no
reduction in prices could be expected for
Speaking of bounties, Humphreys de
clared that they were a demoralizing fac
tor in the sugar business of the world.
The German Government recently had
raised the bounty to something over ono
fourth of a cent a pound, which enabled
Germany to dispose" of all her surplus
product. The system was working ruin
to all the Dritish Islands, so that the-
must resort to the same scheme or go out
oi the business. Instead of one-tenth of
i cent on bounty sugar imported into
this country, the additional duty should
be equal to the bounties.
P. J. Smith, another importer, made a
brief argument against ad valorem du
ties. Colonel J. D. Hill of New York, repre
sent! ns the Cane Growers Association of
Louisiana, was the first to speak for tho
producers. He argued for a restoration
of the duty of th act of 1S,3. He spoke
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
of the situation produced by the bounty
act of lv. with the duty imposed therein
on refined sugar, and finally said If a
similar provision could be made In th
prospective law, and Its permanency be
guaranteed, the sugar producers would
prefer it: but nil things considered, they
asked for a re-enactment of the provis
ions of the act of. ivci. He produced fig
ures to show the reduction in the price
of refined sugar under the ojKration of
that act at the time when crops were
being marketed, to show the benefits to
the country at large from hoiue compe
tition. In answer to a question by Johnson of
North Pakota. Colonel Hill expressed tho
opinion that with the protection asked
the cane and beet sugar industries of the
United States could produce enough sugar
to supply the consumption of this coun
try. He further declared that he hail not
the slightest doubt, if the bounty of ISM
had been continued during the term of
years provided for, the sugar growers
would have supplied the consumption by
the time the bounty period expired.
The cane growers asked:
First That specific duties dependent on
both polariscopic test and color standard
be imposed In lieu of ad valorem duties.
Second That, commencing with 1.40 cts.
for sugar testing 75 and under 16, Dutch '
standard, the rate be proportionately In
creased. Third That duties equal to export boun
ties be imposed to offset them.
Fourth A proportionate duty on mo
lasses. Fifth That the new law have effect
from the passage of the act.
Sixth That reciprocity treaties, If they
are adopted, be without injury to the do
mestic sugar industry, on lines which rec
ognize the overshadowing Importance of
developing sugar production in the United
States, and by such methods as insure a
protection equivalent to that suggested.
J. H. Sypher of this city was called by
Chairman Dingley, and gave it as his
opinion that the cost of refining by the
Sugar Trust was not to exceed one-fourth
of 1 cent, while the cost of refining in
Louisiana would perhaps reach three- .
eighths of 1 cent.
Mr. Humphreys was recalled and asked
the cost of refining sugar, but he said ho
did not care to set his opinion against
actual refiners. He thought, however, in
a general way, that the cost of refining
sugars testing PG degrees was about as
stated by Mr. Sypher, but sugar of lower
grade, with more impurities, would, of
course, be much higher. For Instance, It
would cost 1 cent to refine sugar of K
Henry T. Oxnard of Grand Island, Neb.,
president of the American Ueet Sugar
Society, in behalf of the industry, charg
ed that the present tariff not only failed
to give protection to the sugar raisers,
but discouraged the Investment of ad
ditional capital. It has been predicted
that under the McKlniey law the beet
sugar industry would grow rapiuiy, ana
three refineries had been built In the ad
ministration of that law', but since then
the change had deterred new Investments.
Any schedule on sugar which had been
in force since 1S0O, except that of the Wil
son tariff, would permit the increase or
beet sugar growing. Heet sugar could be
produced in twenty States, and under a
proper tariff the United States could In
fifteen years raise all the sugar necessary
for home consumption. The beet industry
protested against rates lower than from
13-4 to 3 1-2 cents a pound.
Oxnard delivered an argument In favor
of a bounty, and proceeded to quote de
partmental reports and other authorities
to show that the country had the climate
and the capital required for the produc
tion of all Its own sugar. Kvery other
nation, even Sweden, which could supply
Itself with sugar, had taken every meas
ure to do so. Fven little Bulgaria had
liberal duties and bounties enforced for
The cost of labor, uncertainty as to
legislation, export bounties In other coun
tries, and the decline in prices were all
operating to keep capital out of Invest
ment In beet sugar. Germany now pays
27.32 1-2 and 30 3-10 cents per hundred
pounds export bounties, according to the
quality of the sugar, and could afford to
sell sugar in New York at 13 1-2 cents
per 100 pounds less than the American
producers, and occasionally to sell surplus
products below the cost. Give Americans
a reasonable bounty, guaranteed to con
tinue for a reasonable time, and It would
work wonders. The American was now
obliged to compete with African cheap
labor, as Egypt in the last fiscal year had
sent $3,2r(7KK) worth of sugar to the United
States in Urltish bottoms, which carried
no return cargo. With war in Cuba and
the Philippines, cutting off supplies from
those islands, Germany was endeavoring
to capture the American market. I or
reasons supposedly commercial. Congress
had In 1S76 legislated for the free entry of
sugar from Hawaii. The treaty had never
met with favor with the people, had cost
$4S,00O,OiO. and had not greatly Increased
our exports to that country. The esti
mated duties remitted by the United
States on Hawaiian sugar are $01,000,000.
He thought It was unjust to encourage
these importers at the e xpense of revenue
and our home producers. He urged the
abrogation of the agreement.
Speaking of the conflicting interests in
volved in giving adequate protection to
the sugar growers, he pointed to the su
gar refiners who bought and refined tli-
fo reign product, and to the millers of
flour and others who desired to use sugar
in reciprocity agreements to obtain con
cessions for themselves. i ne refineries
wanted the lowest possible duties on raw
and tiie highest on refined. While, owing
to the condition of the treasury, it might
not be feasible to re-enact the bounty
scheme of IV). he thought the dual sys
tem proposed by the Senate amendments
to the Mills bill in Is, which imposed a
duty and also gave a bounty, was now
Oxnard took strong grounds against any
reciprocity. He thought a dual policy
(both duty and bounty) would be fair to
all interests and jeopardize non". Such
a policy, he said, would increase the rev
enue out of which the bounty could be
paid, and would encourage the sugar in
dustry. The schedule lie proposed was a
duty of 1 cent per pound on all sugars
testing 75 degrees or less, 3 certs per
hundred pounds additional for each de
gree between : and witn one-jourm
of 1 per cent differential on sugars above
!:, Dutch standard. He asked for the
McKir.lev duty on molasses. The bounty