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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, MARCH 25, 1898.
THE PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser. W. N. ARMSTRONG - EDITOR. FRIDAY MARCH 23. TJIK INUNDATION. Not in many years certainly, per haps never before, has Honolulu been visited by such a flood as that which swept down Nuuanu stream from the hills yesterday. The records show that for 50 days there has been rain during fcome part of the day. At times the down fall has been heavy and has caused much inconvenience. Yester day there was damage to property and Ihere was imminent danger to the lives of the people in the flooded districts. As it was there was one life lost. The flood was short and decisive. The ground is already thoroughly sat urated by the heavy rains and the wa ter sought the nearest outlet, the stream. The wisdom of building the relating walls along the lower portion of Nuuanu stream was clearly demon strated. The greater portion of the torrent was carried safely into the har bor. Had it not been for the walls the damage to property would bave been greater. Even then the lower portion of the district was under water for sev eral hours. The waters quickly subsided and the possibility of immediate disaster pass ed away almost as quickly as it came. But "there is still danger, especially since the weather has not cleared. The lower stories of the houses of many people were flooded. In most cases they were poor people who will desire to return to their homes before the rooms are thoroughly dry. Damp floors and walls breed malaria and kindred ailments quickly. Much sick' ness is liable to result. The authorities should see that every precaution is taken in the district to avert this dan ger. There may also be actual hard ship among a people who are the least able to suffer 'the loss of what little property they possess. Should this be so, the community will very cheerfully respond to any appeals which may be made. THE PRIZE STORIES. The most of the authors of the eighteen on twenty stories submitted in competition for prizes, to the Kilo hana Art League, are naturally enough disappointed with the awards. A little reflection will show them, that their failure to obtain either of the prizes is by no means decisive of their own literary capacity. Literary verdicts, like the verdicts of jurymen, are by no means conclusive of the merits al though they are and must be conclu sive, as to findings. An attempt was recently made to ascertain the opin ions of the reputable English critics onTithe merits of the best novel of the year. The critics entirely failed to agree. They could not agree on any standard of judgment. Each decided according to his own temperament. Publishers are always ready to pub lish new books, which will sell. They pay high salaries to men selected for their skill in a correct judgment of the merits of composition. These men con stantly make the most curious errors in their estimates. The case of the "Fools Errand," by Tourgee illustrates the point. The N. Y. Tribune refused to pay $1000 for the story, on the ground that no one would read it. A young publishing house then ventured to print it, and over 300,000 copies of the book were sold. The history of literature contains many such in stances. In the matter of short stories the differences in the judgment of the critics are remarkable. There is no com mon standard of judgment, among them, excepting as to certain matters and rules of composition. The only final judgment is that given by the public and more than all, by time. It has happened more than once, that "the last," the rejected story, be comes in the end "the first," the lite rary jewel. At the same time, in awarding prizes in competition some one must decide. The decisions of ten educated, honest intelligent, impartial persons is final so far as the prizes are concerned. Yet popular verdict, if it could be ob tained, might not sustain it. The judges are as fallible as those of the law courts. One judge on the bench decides one way. The case is appealed, and three judges decide the other way. It is again appealed, and five judges reverse the last judgment and confirm the first. ' Which of them are right? Time only is the best judge. He knocks down the false gods, and sets up the true ones. The only literature that lives is that which contains the broadest truth, either of head or of heart. One of the few men whose writings have survived the relentless attacks of time was the Latin Horace. He gave this advice to writers many hundreds of years ago. "Let your literary composition be kept from the public eye for nine years at least." Dr. Holland said, that a young civil engineer would train himself for five years bfore undertaking a job, but that the young aspirant for literary work would undertake literary jobs, after a few months training and this account ed for so much poor wcrk. GOOD CLASS OF PORTUGUESE. The points we desired to make re garding a good class of Portuguese laborers and their outlook on these Islands, are only incidentally discussed by .Mr. W. J. Lowrie in another col umn. We restate our points. First, we take it for granted that every Anglo-Saxon admits what has been proclaimed by all of the 4th of July orators, for a hundred years 'that the solidity, strength and permanent pros perity of a nation lies in the agricul tural class; that they are the "back bone and sinews of the State." This class must have "homes," that is, own land in fee simple, and they must be able to obtain a decent living from it. It is now beyond discussion that it is ndt of the classes that are not fixed to the soil, that the dissatisfied, the restless, the riotous, the dangerous people come. Moreover the agricultu ral class becomes restless and perhaps dangerous if it has to sweat too heav ily for its daily bread. Now, we have a "good class" of Por tuguese, as their Consul-General says. We assume for the argument, that they are desirable, and should make up a part of the "back bone and sinews" of the nation. But, like the same class elsewhere, they must have "homes," which means land, and they must be able to live "decently" in their homes. We have educated this class and their children out of the miserable condition in Portugal and the Azores. We compel their children to attend schools, and get knowledge. Knowl edge breeds "wants" and plenty of them. The plantations do not, at present see the way to give this better class, homes of their own. They must re main tenants at will. Every boy in America grows up with a hatred of the tenant and lessee system. The Portuguese share the hatred by in stinct. The statesman hates it too, be cause it creates a restless, dangerous class. The plantations are, therefore not desirable for this "good" class of men, as we understand the word "good." A fair and thinking man as Mr. Lowrie is, must see it. Give one of this class of Portuguese with a wife and four children, a house and fuel, and even $20 'per month. Where are we? (He receives for the food, clothing and miscellaneous ex-' penses of six people only 70 cents per day. About 12 cents per day each. We say, most seriously, that, leaving aside the matter of owning homes, such wages will not encourge or allow the creation of a "back bone and sin ews of a State," as we ought to have it here, in order to maintain decent civilization, without the bayonet. Unconsciously we, the dominant class, through a new enviroment, and through our superior school, system, have educated a large class of growing THIS DAY. Underwriter's Sale. ON FRIDAY, MARCH 25, '98, AT 10 O'CLOCK A. M., At my salesroom, Queen street, I will sell at public auction, for account of whom it may concern, the following Merchandise damaged by salt water on voyage of importation ex British steamer Aorangi, C. Hepworth master, from Vancouver: No. 3031 ca. 10 pes. Serge, 717 3-4 yds. No. 305 1 ca. 4 pes. Corkscrew Coat ings, 233 1-2 yds; 6 pes. Worsted Suit ings, 3S9 1-2 yds. No. 32 1 ca. 6 pes. Serge, 302 yds. Terms Cash. U. S. Gold Coin. Jas. F. Morgan, 4S75-2t AUCTIONEER. ronuguese to snaring tne very "wants we have. Take away our "wants" and we, like other races can live on ten cents per day. We need and must open up more in dustries, which will enable this good class of people to make a decent liv ing, and s:and by our civilization. These people must also have a stake in the soil. Our safety requires it. Let the Legislature look at these figures. Leave the 31,019 natives out of our population of 110,000 (and there are 3,995 native owners of land) and we find that the number of owners of land including part native, British, Ameri can, Germany, Portuguese and all the Asiatics, is only 2,332 out of 79,000 pople. That is only 3 per cent. Aside rom the natives, therefore 97 per cent :s a floating population, not anchored tv, the soil. Compare this percentage with the high percentage of land own ers in America. Assuming that the tillers of the soil, who own their land, are the basis of good government and civilization, these figures should set the Legislature to thinking, and every man besides who wishes for good gov ernment and social stability. So when it is said that a good class of Portuguese are not able to make a comfortable living here, there is a disturbing significance in it, especially if America forces as to remian inde pendent, and face alone these hard problems. Mr. Lowrie is one of the thoughtful men who must see the com plications. What would he suggest? We all need light. Dr. Sin Yet Sen, the Chinese patri ot, is now in Formosa. He hopes soon to have permission to enter Hongkong. Cheap AND Powerful. A walk through moat any section of this city at night when all is still will cause anyone to won der why more sickness does not exist. The ob noxious orders from defec tive sewerage and many' other causes ought to be overcome and that at once. 5 CENTS A GALLON. Look after your cess pools, water closets and garbage barrels. They are fever producers. Keep them free from offensive odors. It saves doctor's bills. 1 Much simpler and more convenient than Chloride of Lime, Carbolic Acid and many other disinfec tants. Used in all the prominent Hospitals and Public Buildings through out the United States. PURINE THE ST Sold in any from 25 cents Give It a trial. quantity upwards. u Sole Agents. The People Believe What They Read About Hood's Sarsaparilla Their Faith in This Medicine is Grounded on Merit They Know It Absolutely Cures When Other Medicines Fail Hood's Sarsaparilla ia not merely a sim ple preparation of Sarsaparilla, Dock, StiUingia and a little Iodide of Potassium. Besides these excellent alteratives, it also contains those great anti-bilious and liver remedies, Mandrake and Dandelion. It also contains those great kidney reme dies, Uva Ursi, Juniper Berries, and Pipsissewa. Nor are these all. Other very valuable curative agents are harmoniously com bined in Ilood's Sarsaparilla, and it is carefully prepared under the personal supervision of a regularly educated phar macist. Knowing these facts, is the abiding faith . the people have in Ilood's Sarsaparilla a matter of surprise? You can see why Hood's Sarsaparilla cures, when other medicines totally, absolutely fail. "My little girl was afflicted with eczema and suffered for seven years. She was attended by physicians and tried many different kinds of medicine with out relief. After taking a few bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla she was cured." Mrs. Emma Franklin, Honeoye, New York. food's spS Is the Best in fact the One True Blood Purifier. SI ; six for $5. C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. HnnH'c Dillo cur Liver Ilia: easy to take, 11UUU r 1 1 easy to operate. 25 cents. HOBRON DRUG COMPANY. Wholesale Agents. TIMELY TOPICS March 24, 1898. 11 they Pec are If of the "TRIBUNE" J BICYCLES is that weather wheels. During all this inclement weather we have been con stantly beseiged by buyers and prospective buyers of Tribunes. Another peculiarity of the wheel is that they are the most honest wheel built, and in this respect are the envy of all competitors. It is a peculiarity that all makers would like to imitate, if they could afford to do so. The trouble with most of these same makers is that they cannot afford to put material in that is made to wear. They have to pay too much. II Bl IB Ladies' or Gentlemen's wheels in three models, at $6j.oo, $8.00 and $100.00, are the cheapest on the mar ket. We also have these same wheels finished in black striped with gold. Perhaps a " Columbus " wheel, ladies' model or a men's model "Zimmy," will do you. If so, we. can sell you these at such a price that you will consider it too low; but they are good stock just the same, and worth a great deal more money. i i 11 ruce Waring & Sc DEALERS I IM Real Estate and Financial Agents, Telephone 678. 3U FORT STREET. HONOLULU. We are ready to purchase Large Estates near Honolulu and Hllo, aa4 Coffee Lands on Hawaii. Loans placed and negotiated; Estates taken charge of and managed. Choice Lots for sale at Kewalo, at Punahou and the growing Citj of Hil on the Installment plan. Houses built for Investors. No trouble to sfcor property to intending purchasers. No Paper! All Tobacco! 000 m i HE 7 : 1 OOO Manufactured Expressly For This Market Limited. These Cigarettes are manufactured from the Choicest Manila Tobacco with Manila Tobacco Wrapper and furnish a delightful short smoke. Constantly on hand a fine Assortment of HAVANA anfi MANILA CIGARS and a full line of Pipe, Cigarette and Cheer ing Tobaccos, manufactured by P. LORILLARD CO., anfl other prominent American Tobacco Companies. HOLLISTER & CO. bacconi Corner Fort and Merchant Sts. WHOOPING COUGH, CROUP, ASTHMA, CATARRH, COLDS. J CRESOLENE being: administered by inhalation, gives tha safest and most effectual means of treat ing the throat and bronchial tubes. Its efficiency ia Whooping Cough anaOroup is wonderful. Its anti septic virtues render it invaluable in contagion diseases, as Diphtheria, Scarlet Fever, etc. Des criptive booklet with testimonials free. Sofu by druggists. , HOLLISTER DRUG CO., Honolulu, H. !., Agents. CJT "IS the lort KONOLULUvv HAWAIIAN ISLANDS) CLEANSES AND PRESERVB8 the Teeth and leaves them White and Beautiful. Hardens the Gums and Imparts A DELICIOUS SWEETNESS TO THE BREATH. Prepared Only By Benson, Smith & Co LIMITED Tremendous Bargains in Goods Sayed from the Big Fire Which Took Place in London in December, 1897. L. B. Kerr was there at the time, and with ready cash bought up all that was in good condition, and now offers them at Bargain Prices. Fine Dress Goods at prices to surprise you; Colored Bordered Handkerchiefs, 20c, 25c, and 35c per dozen; Fine Cambric Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, 50c per dozen; Fine Striped Dimity, pure white, 5c per yard; Fine Organdies 12 l-2c per yard; Fine Printed Dimity, new patterns, 15 yards for $1.00; Fine Printed English Lawns, 15 "yards for $1.00; Valenciennes Laces, new patterns, 25c for one dozen yards. Ready-Made Clothing. linery Department. A fine stock of good fitting, well made suits, $4 to $15. Pants from $1 .50 to $6. Full Dress Shirts from 75c. Collars and Cuffs at proportionate prices. Ties, 2 for 25c. This Department is replete with New Styles direct from Paris and London. You can get the Latest Parisian Styles without going to Paris. IMPORTER. '"""fc. , 5