THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER : IIONOLULU, APRIL 15, 1808.
W. N. ARMSTRONG EDITOR.
"RAISING THH FLAG."
The professor of International Law
in the Whang Doodlo College is
abroad, and turns quite yellow, in the
columns of our contemporary. The
publication of a rumor that the Am
erican flag may be raised here today,
by the representatives of the United
States is extremely yellow literature.
International haw, especially the
position of neutrals in case of war is
not free from embarrassment, but
there are several propositions that are
not disputed. President MeKinley will
There can be no '"raising of the flag"
on these Islands, without an assump
tion of sovereign- power over them,
which can be done only by annnexa
tion, through an act of Congress. Sec
ondly, there can be no occupation of
these Islands, for war purposes, by the
forces of the United States, without the
consent of Hawaii. If that consent is
Kiven, Hawaii becomes hostile territory
to Spain. She will not be a part of the
United States, but at the same time
liable to a Spanish attack. A neutral
may join with a belligerent, if she
chooses, but she becomes then a part
of the belligerent territory, for war
purposes. Should this consent be
given, the Spanish war vessels, now at
the Carolines, would have the right to
attack Ililo or L.ahaina.
It would be a singular act for the
United States forces to occupy the Isl
ands for strategic purposes only, with
out annexation If the Islands are de
sirable, as a strategic point. Congress
can annex them in a day. If they are
not, then there is no reason for "rais
ing the flag" or making any occupa
If the President as commander of the
navy, orders an occupation, even with
the consent of Hawaii, he cannot raise
the flag, excepting in Pearl harbor. He
need not take any extreme and doubt
ful measures. Congress is in session
We wish indeed that the occupation
would take place, but the flag will not
go up, until some definite course re
garding annexation is taken.
It is said that the President has "in
creased power" to lo something. He
has, to spend $30,000,000. But none has
been granted to him which enables him
alone, and independently of Congress
to involve a neutral State in a war with
For if he, with the consent even of
our Government, occupies a foot of
land here, for strategic purposes, and
the Islands were made belligerent ter
ritory by the act, and the Spaniards
sacked the town, by what authority
could he bind the United States in in
demnification? It is the misfortune of the press, that
it inadvertently circulates many false
rumors. But when a paper attempts to
turn some very simple, and obvious
principles of International Law into
yellow journalism, it goes a step be
yond the yellowest of the yellow.
"CONTRABAND OF WAR."
Articles contraband are those which
are directly and immediately used in
war, such as arms, ammunition, naval
stores. But every article used by fight
ing men, such as food, clothing, match
es, contribute more or less to aid in
prosecuting war, so that it becomes
more difficult as the art of war develop
es to define strictly what things are
really contraband. So iong as vessels
moved by wind, and not by steam, coal
was not held to be contraband. At pre
sent every war vessel would be help
less without it,so it is now regarded as
contraband, if it is to be used for
war purposes, but the nations are not
agreed about it. The United States
and England hold that it is "occasional
contraband," that is, if it is to be sold
for war purposes, it is contraband, and
if not, then there is no violation of
neutrality in selling it to a belligerent.
But Frances declares that coal is not
contraband. Some other States, includ
ing Russia, take the same view. So
that there is really no agreement of a
general character. Hawaii, as a neu
tral State, could not permit the sale of
powder and guns to either of the belli
gerents, but she could, if she adopted
the British and American rules, allow
a quantity of coal to be sold to a war
ship, sufficient to take her home, or to
There is much difference of opinion
also among the nations, as to the char
acter of food. If it is being carried di
rectly to a navy or garrison, it may be
regarded as contraband. If it is being
transported for the consumption of
non-combatants, it is not. The French,
during their war with the Chinese, de
clared that rice was contraband. Aft
erwards they abandoned the claim. The
British courts once declared cheese to
be contraband, when it was being
taken directly to the port of Brest, to
be used by the French army.
It is generally conceded that the
subjects of a neutral State may sell
contraband of war to the agents of a
belligerent, if it is to be delivered away
from the neutral port. In the event of
war, any firm in Honolulu may fceu
arms and ammunition to an agent of
the United States or Spain, if the arti
cles are to be delivered in a spot not
within the neutral territory, but the
articles are subject to capture after
they leave the neutral port. During
the Franco-Prussian war, enormous
quantities of war material was sold in
the United States to the French Gov
ernment. While French warships
could not be equipped in an American
port, yet French agents were allowed
to purchase any quantity of Avar mater
ial and ship it away, subject to capture
by the German vessels.
Here is apparently a contradiction.
A neutral State will not permit a belli
gerent warship to recruit in her ports,
but will at the same time allow her
own citizens to export war material to
a belligerent port, always subject to
capture. E. O. Hall & Sons cannot sell
a musket to the Bennington in the ev
ent of war, but may sell a thousand
muskets to Consul General Haywood to
be delivered in San Francisco to the
American Government. The reason for
the distinction if this, that in one case
the aid is given directly to the belli
gerent, while in the other case, the oth
er belligerent has the opportunity of
capturing the guns while they are at
sea. Besides this, there is a feeling that
neutrality should be confined to refus
ing immediate aid.
The complications of modern com
merce are such that the difficulty of
determining what is or is not contra
band increases, and is a grave menace
to the peace of the world. For if the
merchandise of a powerful neutral na
tion is condemned as contraband, the
neutral nation may be involved in a
war to protect its own citizens, on the
ground that the condemnatin is un
just and oppressive.
Union of Younj
A regularly monthly meeting of the
Young Men's Research Club will be
held this evening. It will be at the
home of Rev. D. P. and Mrs .Birnle.
Electric transit and the Use icf Elec
tricity as Power will be discussed. The
principal speakers of the evening will
be John Cass id y, superintendent of the
Mutual Telephone Company and
Stearns Buck, superintendent of the
Government Electric light plant. Of
course both these gentlemen are well
qualified to talk upon Electricity and
the meeting is expected to be one of
the most interesting and instructive
ever held by the club.
A number of boys between the ages
of 10 and 15, who speak the Hawaiian
and English language and who can ride
a wTheel. are wanted. Apply to D. G.
Camarinos at the California Fruit Mar
ket, corner Alakea and King.
Yaverley Club Hall
BETHEL ST., between King and Hotel.
For the benefit of the LIBRARY
TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 19, 1898.
ADMISSION : : : $1.00.
Doors open at 7:30 p. m.; commences
at 8 sharp. Carriages at 10 p. m.
Tickets for sale at the leading drug
gists and stationers, and at the Hall
and by members.
Our Best Work Goes
With Every PHOTO
we make. Nothing is slighted
or hurried. All our taste in pos
ing all our skill in finishing
is brought to bear on every
photo. We know we can please
you know you'll say the photos
we make of you are excellent
because we understand our busi
Miss Hope Kinney, a cousin of W.
A. Kinney of this city and Harold T.
llayselden were married in St. An
drew's Cathedral at 10 a. m. yesterday,
Rev. Alex. Mackintosh, officiating. F.
M. Wakefield presided at the organ.
The church was most tastefully decor
ated for the occasion. Those present
were the relatives and a few i:mediatg
frinds. Miss May llayselden was maid
of honor and Miss Myra Slogsett,
bridesmaid, .while Harry Waterhouse
acted as best man and D. F. Thrum as
groomsman. The bride was given
away by Cloud Kinney, her brother.
Alter the ceremony the immediate
wedding party went to the home of
Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Dodge cn Emma
street, where a delightful wedding
breakfast was served on the lanai.
The newly married couple have gone
to Pearl City to spent their honev-
A Tumor Formed
Finally It Broke Inwardly
Trouble Began With Dyspepsia
and Impure Blood
A. K. Akau, who has been quite ill
for several days, was a very sick man
last night. Mr. Akau is cashier at the
Honolulu Iron Works and one of the
best known of local Hawaiians.
"A word to the wise is sufficient" and
a word from the wise should be suffi
cient, but you ask, who are the wise?
Those who know. The oft repeated ex
perience of trustworthy persons may
be taken for knowledge. Mr. W. M.
Terry says Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy gives better satisfaction than any
other In the market. He has been in
the drug business at Elkton, Ky., for
12 years; has sold hundreds of bottles of
this remedy and nearly all other cough
medicines manufactured, which shows
conclusively that Chamberlain's is the
most satisfactory to the people, and la
the best. For sale by all druggists and
dealers. Benson, Smith & Company,
Limited, wholesale agents for Hawai
A walk through most
any section of this city
at night when all is still
will cause anyone to won
der why more sickness
does not exist. The ob
noxious orders from defec
tive sewerage and many
other causes ought to be
overcome and that at once.
5 CENTS A GALLON.
Look after your cess
pools, water closets and
garbage barrels. They are
fever producers. Keep
them free from offensive
It saves doctor's bill3.
Much simpler and more
convenient than Chloride
of Lime, Carbolic Acid
and many other disinfec
tants. Used in all the
prominent Hospitals and
Public Buildings through
out the United States.
ram THE STUFF.
Sold in any quantity
from 25 cents upwards.
Give It a trial.
Thorough Course of Hood's Sarsa
parilla Completely Cures.
There is danger in impure blood.
Disease and suffering- are surely com
iuir to those who neglect this threaten
ing symptom. IJead this:
"C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.:
"Gentlemen: My troubles began with
nervous headaches, which would last
me for two or three days. The doctors
pronounced my trouble dyspepsia, but
they could not do anything for me, and
advised a change of location. At the age
of 55 a tumor formed on my spine, which
Was Very Painful
but did not rise or discharge. The doctor
thought best to cut it out, but I objected.
It finally broke and discharged a great
deal. The -doctors said they could do
nothing for it. Then the tumor began to
rise inwardly and discharge. I read much
about cures by Hood's Sarsaparilla and
thought I would try it. Before I had
finished taking one bottle I was much
relieved. I continued the use of Hood's
Sarsaparilla, end after taking 12 bottles I
was entirely cured. I am now well, have
a good appetite and feel that I owe my
life to Hood's Sarsaparilla." W. D. Fore.
Is the best in fact the One True Blood Purifier.
Sold by all druggists. $1; six for $5.
Ft pi a
Hnnr1'5 Pi1! act harmoniously with
11UUU Hood's Sarsaparilla. 25c.
HOBRON DRUG COMPANY,
April ir;, 1898.
Honesty in business deal
ings is the only ladder to
success, and a firm whose
prosperity and reputation is
built upon the honor and
truthfulness of their state
ments will eventually sur
mount all difficulties. We
always make it an "affair of
honor" when telling about
The goods .we wish to
"talk shop" about this week
are the many styles of plows
and breakers we handle.
There is no need of any
lengthy talk on these goods;
they have been on the mar
ket sufficiently long to speak
t Perfecl Mr,
(12, 14 and 16 Inch)
Perfect cole ii.
The mould board and point
are made of the best chilled
For light cane cultivation,
inch to 1$ inch cut.
THE AVERY D. M. BOARD
With or without extension
wings are said by many
plantation managers to be the
best plow. The strong point
to all of these plows is that
they draw easier than any
other and turn a furrow that
leaves nothing to be desired.
1 iii if ire 1.
v r v Li v v w
eal Estate and Financial Agents
3U FORT STREET, IIONOLULU.
We are ready to purchase Large Estates near Honolulu and Hilo, &a
Coffee Lands on Hawaii.
Loans placed and negotiated; Estates taken charge of and managed.
Choice Lots for sale at Kewalo, at Punahou and the grovlng City of Hll
on the Installment plan. Houses built for Investors. No trouble to iaw
property to Intending purchasers.
0 Hollister & Oo.
Import Cigars direct from Havana.
TITO'S 1 -T cif O pn Import American Cigars direct from the
Hollister & Co.TacS3 Ciars diItct from the
"13" l 1 "J c"f"-T &t Cr Import Smoking Tobaccos direct from the.
j-si-vAxxkj uvi v vv. t-actorles.
Hollister & Oo.ImpoiVs.ingTobaccosd,rectfro,n,h,
OO mport Snu? direct from the Factories.
Hollister & CoJmToW
jSollistGX & OO HaVa avana and Manila Cigars in Bond.
Hollister & Co8 tobacconists.
Hollister & Co.AreLocatedat-
Corner of Fort & Merchant Sts.
WHOOPING COUGH, CROUP,
ASTHMA, CATARRH, COLDS.
CRESOLENE beina" administered by inhalation.
Kives tha safest and most tlTectu;ii means of treat
ini? the throat and bronchial tubes. Its efficiency i
Whoopinj? Couj?h anu Croup is wonderful. Its anti
septic virtues render it invaluable in contagioua
diseases, as Diphtheria, Scarlet Fever, etc. Des
criptive booklet with testimonials free. Sold by
HOLLISTER DRUG GO., Honolulu, H. !., Agents.
, Vkvk .
1A IE 611
PRL PARI 0 DN lYf-ieX
HONOLULU. H. !.
SOFT, WHITE SKIN Is within the
reach of every woman. All that is needed
to make the complexion faultless is Mails
Removes every facial blemish, takes
away redness and oiliness, preserves and
beautifies the skin.
Prepared Only By
enson, Smith & Co
The balance of the goods having
arrived on the Zealandia they
will be offered at the fol
Brown Cotton, 36 inches -wide, 25 yds.
White Cotton, 20 inches wide, 20 yds.
Prints, New Pattern, 30 yds. for ?1.00.
Print Organdies, New patterns, 10c. yd.
Printed Dimities, New Patterns, 15 yds.
White Dimities, 20 yds. for $1.00. Bleached Damask, 50c. a yd.
Victoria Lawns, 10 yds. in a piece, 50c. Bleached Napkins, large, $1 doz.
TABLE LINEX. Unbleached Damask, SHEETINGS. Brown Sheeting 10-4,
23c. a yd. j lSc. per yd.; Bleached 10-4, 20c.
Brown Sheeting 9-4, 16.
Bleached 9-4, 18c.
Brown Sheeting 8-4, 14.
Bleached 8-4, 16c.
Gents' Furnishing Goods ShMsbJ and Ready lade Clothing
We have All the Latest Novelties at One-Half what
SUITS FROM $4.50.
TROUSERS FROM S1.50 UP.
they cost elsewhere
ale on These Goods Con
tinued Another Week.
7" V3 &XT &m tJZT T
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