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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER : HONOLULU, APRIL 23, 1S0S.
COFFEE MAN TALKS jf Continued irom First Page.) The A. J. FULLER Has arrived from New York, and on her we have a very gen eral assortment of merchandise, such as Nails (Cut, Wire, Plain and Galvanized), Ship and Cut Spikes, Oakum, Pitch, Cotton Waste, Galvanized and Black Iron Water Pipe, Cylinder, Engine and Car box Oils, Lane's Hoes and Handles, Long Card Matches, Spokes, Hubbs, Rims, Blacksmiths' Coal, and a large lot of Bar Iron. These are but a few of the many items that we have on this ves sel. What you wish and do not see above mentioned just ask for. We have about everything that a Hardware store should have. E. O. HALL & SON, Ld. Corner Fort & King Sts. 1 1 1 . A II V i Goods i Pus look Handsome Carriage? Are right because they are bought right, of well known and old established factories, which are just as anxious as you that they give satisfac- tion. All Goods bought direct ot tactory. ino middle man's profit. Turn Under Delivery Wagons. Just the thing for Honolulu's narrow streets. Handsome Double and Single Surrey Harness. ICHUMAN': CARRIAGE and HARNESS HOUSE, m mm m rf- r FORT ST., above Club Stables. TEL. 205. Hamakua Plantation, 1 Paauilo, Hawaii, H. 1. Mr. J. G. Spencer, Pacific Hardware Co., Honolulu. Dear Sir:- The Secretary Disc Plow I pur chased from you is giving us satisfaction. We are using it to plow under a crop of lupins. They are three feet high and very thick. Your plow turns them completely under, at the same time plowing the land fourteen inches deep. I feel satisfied that with this plow the draft for the same quantity and depth of work is as 6 to 8. That is, with the old plow, to do the same work, it takes 8 good mules; with your plow it takes only 6, and they are less tired at night. Please send me another plow by first schooner leaving for this. You are at liberty to use this in any way you may see fit. Yours truly, A. LIDGATE. ROBERT CATTON. 212 Queen Street. Honolulu. AGENT FOR THE MIERLEES, WATSON & Y.ANsCMachinery WATSON. LAIDLAW & CO . Centrifugals and Cream Separators. JOHN FOWLER & CO. (Leeds), Ld. ...... Steam Ploughs and Portable Railway. ttttc risdon IRON WORKS General Engineerings MARCUS MASON & CO., Coffee and Rice Machinery. J. HARRISON CARTER. Disintegrators. f.ATTM: WEILL & 45. " y " bunders and Machinists. 213 Queen St., bet. Alakea and Richards Sts., Honolulu. Invite Enquiries for General Ironwork; Iron and Brass Cast ings. Ships' Blacksmiths. Cemetery Mailings cum Crestings Made to Order: Samples on Hand. TEL. 410. .r- nnnrniDTI V ATTPMnPH TO. from another, due to conditions as I have already explained. Moreover this test would be decided on the judg ment of professional coffee tasters, and not habitual drinkers, as you would infer tv vour criticisms. It is the same in the case of tea and wine; and if tine experts, especially in the latter. were to consume all the samples placed before them in the course of a day, their judgment as to values would be on a par with the 40 year coffee drink er. In vour issue of the 25th' March, you say, "Out of 1,000 pounds of berries picked from the trees only a limited percentage is rated prime and sold at the highest price. There are several grades, each grade with less value. Thp lowest srrade may bring only 6 cents ner nound. What the tender foot ought to know, and what we, who wish to Diir. the industry on a firm basis, must tell Ihim, is what the aver age price of all the grades will bring This has not yet been done, we un derstand that in this town there are n number of verv discouraging' ac counts of coffee sales in San Francis co. These represent the value of the average grades and not the hignest." Now. Mr. Editor. I do not Know w!ao vour authority may be for the above statement, :bui. he decidedly does net belong to the class whom you would like to see exterminated. He evidently does not know much abouS coffee berries, cr he would not ta.i? such nonsense; or perhaps he may re fer to a variety of coffee with which I am not familiar; if so, thank -heaven, it has not as yet found its way into this district. In the first place what you say has T,nf veon rirvnp. T can nro-ve 'to the uuw, fcvA - y pnntra-rv bv the quotations I append herewith. For your information, and that, of vour learned friend, it may be as well to state that tfhere are real- lv onlv two defined species of the coffee tree, viz.: the "Arabian" and "Siberian;" all the other coffees are, mprplv varieties of the former, ana so far as I am aware of, produce cherries in n ..similar manner. Out. of 1.000 'tons of berries picked from the trees anywhere, they will be fn.nnrl to contain only four kinds, or grades as you term it, of bean, viz.; ppa. ihprrv. sound parchment, manorm- ed beans and light coffee. What the percentage of malformed .beans might v,a in a. samnle of Kona coffee, I do not know, as I have never had occasion to separate them. What the percentage nf nea. berrv and light coffee are how ever, I do net know. The former, as a rnip i considerably greater tnan any thing I remember in Ceylon, and tine latter is small, 'but this will vary with thP conditions of the season during time Ktt 'harvest. In any case as this .in is of no value, it reduces the kind nf Tvpns in a coffee cherry to three; of which I riaould say, under favorable conditions, the malformed beans wouia fnrm vp-rv small percentage. vrm will nerceive therefore, in place nf half a dozen, or more grades of coffee, ranging in price from 17 cts. to r. Ats. ner nound. A cotfee tree unuer ..i ;,roJ-.Ti will. nrfflllfe only tWO UUIUVauuu, fc f qualities, not grades, of coffee, viz.: nea berry and flat bean. nf rtiirse. through ignorance or carelessness, it is quite possible, in the r, nf nnlDins:. washing ana ler montiti? Ptc. to so smash up and dis w h p bean, that the .percentage left which would realize 17 cts. per pound, 'would foe very small, ana tne hsianr.e. would range all the way down to 6 cts. per pound. Please re momh0r hnwpver. Mr. Editor, that this could never happen in the hands oS hP "ever nresent experiencea man. tvko wn.rd srade is a wrong term to n qp in connection withi plantation coffee, as it designates one quality in ?ri fn. -nn other. After the parch ment has been subjected to .the hul ur, nnri nolisihins: process, it is passed through what is known as a separating vinp whioh classihes tne conee dt- cording to size; a very different thing rim crrn r? 1 n P it. - nf fho .mnst imnroved and mod- em machines for this purpose makes the following classihcations, r.,,cf ,0mnii and broken beans, small pea berries, large flat beans, large pea i rnd .malformed beans. UCl 1 ICO un" Leaving out the ddst, broken and oifnrm0fi hPfins we would have twro ir,a r.pa bprrv and two sizes ot flat bean; but one classification for pea berry is all that would be necessary, on tvip ahnvH samDles would re present coffee of a superior quality, ur,m nnm hp no sudh thing as CX 11 LI LIU- 1 n Jyrn frnm 17 CtS. to 6 cts. per pound for any one of them. They would all j ,mnn,i trwn nrires nrovided they be ; sent to the proper markets, as l shall shortly illustrate. . The word "grade" therefore, signi fying an inferior and superior quality of coffee cannot be applied to "Plan tation." , If you were to pick up i0 bags or i.'nnn" onffpp fmm various ports along this'coast, then your argument would 1,1,1 fnr vnil WOUld TrODaDI Uin-i as many grades in the true sense of Vn titt1 from the fact of the numer- ous and varied methods employed in . their preparation. A coffee tree therefore, produces j ,,,1 oni nnmind beans: and not as i you would infer, like a cniul s Christ- mas tree, loaded witn an aasmimeui; of articles a few at a high figure, but the majority of small value, line souna ; beans reperesent the crop, anu db x j Mro oirp.ndv said, in the hands of the i experienced 'man, will turn out coffee j of a superior quality, it is uan.tu into two or three sizes in order thai; the best juices may be a realized fori P-irh lot. in the dmerenc marhtw where suci are in demand. For in stance pea berry fetches a high prices in Mincing Lane or tne lonuon mar- r-ct. whiiP in San Francisco it is on a par with ordinary coffee. Again thf whereas in the American market the smaller bean is just as highly appre ciated. The foregoing are some cf 'the facts connected with the value of coffee, which the tenderfoot ought to know; but which apparently, neither you Mr. Editor, nor a good many more in t'.:ese Islands are aware of. In submitting the following quota tions from correspondence, I have held with parties aboard on the value of coffee, I withhold all names, as I have noc requested permission to publish th same. I can vouch for the authori ties as being genuine, and can show the original loiters to any responsible gentleman in Honolulu if desired. "San Francisco, July 25, 1S94. "The samnlps von mailed us of thiif date, are certainly very fine, the besi we have ever seen of 'Kona coffee; in fact believe the only cultivated "Kona' that has ever come under our notice. We would be pleased tohandle. in any way that, would be mutually agree able, all the coffee that you niay 'have this, or any coming year. It must take, ifs place in competition with Cen tral American coffee of equal appear ance, until such time as consumers shall become convinced of its merits. Ourselves we know it to be worth more money than any Central Ameri can coffee by considerable. A few consumers are also aware or tne same fact, but not sufficient to warrant any trade except in a small way." (The above is from a large well known 'house who handle tons ot coffee.) "San Francisco, July 3, 1S94. "Judging from 'the small quantity of shelled coffee submitted among others; the quality at least ranks with the verv best Central Americans; and if on the spot would today fetch about 22 cts. for the first separation, about the same figure for the pea berry, and nroDortionality lower tor tne Seconal x - and t'hirds. If your friends would asnd a sufficient quantity of clean coffee to enable our dealers to thoroughly tesi the roastine and drinking quality, I have no doubt but that it would soon hp in hisrh favor here." (The above is from a leading broker who handles large quantities of Cen-t tral American and other cottees.) London. August 3, 1S94 We -have examined very carefully the samples sent us, and it is undoubt edly a fine color, bold and wortn a the present dates quotation -wnen cleaned fully 104 per ton. In reply to vour farther enquiry we could sell any quantity, very readily of coffee of the quality of the specimen now Deiore us Referring: to the coffee you hava sent us along, since writing the abovo .mpntinmpd oorticn of this letter, we have lh.own the samples to other buy ers and they are all very pieaseia w un . 1 A i . . i fr 1 IT .o A Tf I C O r? it, and we nave ueeu suuu&ij Utv hv hnvprs of larse quantities to im- w - . . nress upon you the wisdom or maKin,j iv?Tvm,o,nfa ti this country. From what tv.o-r env it would soon mane ior iueii ------ ... , j x,. a good name, and oug'ht to leau w very large business to mutual auvam fTh above from a large imporuiis house established for over three-quar- ara nf fl fftTltlirV.) ll-io ' . o- TTnnolulu. March Id, l&fo. that if these only ,0.nn.t n No. 2 grade there is an mnrket. for , either in toan : T n dnn 51 1 ton ratlES. ThO t ranciseu ui jju"uu" CARTER MEMORIAL FOUNTAIN SITE J The above diagram will make clear the Charles L. Carter lemorial Foun tain site spoken of in this paper yesterday morning. The cross indicates the place favored by a number of the relatives and immediate friends of the late Mr. Carter and by many other citizens who deem it a privilege to honor the memory of such a man as was Charles L. Carter. The corner proposed is one of the most prominent points in the whole park reservation and can be greatly beautified. ' Just to Hand GENTS' WHITE AND COLORED Alcaca M. Coats, The nattiest and coolest for the warm weather. ooo fients Tl6S5 Childr In all the Latest fetching colors. ooo en's In White and Colors. Sun Bonnets, F. EHLERS & CO Fort Street; lAssociate Prees Dispatch S. F. Chronicle. A LARGE INCREASE OF BUSINESS. The sales of the Remington bean is a bold colony one, and to th best of my memory compares iavoiu,uu cc.mr.TPs of Ceylon, I saw sold in Mincing Lane last year which cwT ad vlnoe othe Cental Ameri- ckCKCKCX0000OC OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO can grades." . , (From a well known and highly re-Honolulu.) biJCCLCU v,- , Some prices quoiea iu w ir. S. Co.'s crop, 1894. tH"l . . TTTf large flat, 98s. at 100s. per cwt.; small .flat, 95s. at 9bs. per cwt -i nnined and washed. .orohmnt. No. 2 sampLe oi pu.u wPd hulled parchment, rso. 6 sample of pulped ana . m-oc flvp among the oesi MvP .e.en from the Islands, cemea - , a,r wp and it the T" couia get x.--. ", --., due A drink is very guuu, 'tuio I o n thP romDlete absence of sour beans rnrnCiOO 0000XXXXXXX)X)00 TJ! Wee of these in Island conees vw .hurts the flavor more p an idea, and likewise -i fc npr rjound. n have picked the sour beans out o these samples and shouici su uuc ihP coffee up witn faui , And that the coffee ...... i r.-,na. than we quote aooe. mucia ies tn We have shown yu. i r,Tri thpv seem same opinion as above . and if j ou can Trenare the coltee equai . pre?a In nn, nav to separate and Dies u " - , . cav vnii srade down there; uiai - - : Vrv ldinn.a PeTbert se Us Tor ry little mixed, as pea Den v n-,arket " mere than flat bean in th market . vw. Mr. Editor, as i NEW YORK, April 5. Standard Typewriter, the world over, for March this year, largely exceeded any previous month in its his tory. Typewriter sales are a good barometer of general industrial conditions. H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd,, Sole Agents. tween the lines in ovir comments on "experienced men" in the coffee busi ness. We referred and he should have seen it, to the second class of men, mentioned in his letter who call them- experienced, and are misleading derfoot. These are the men who tell fabulous stories about the yield of desired to gto a l u nthprn on ov nr anil then declare t the tencieriooL, - nco I St1 mp, I thought I would fur- . fc the coffee w511 command the high- nih some particulars and ausac,, . . &ny market. We do be which I leave to tie judgment o knows as much : re;Lutri " . , . i r t ha lui Lilt about the business as any one living here, and he is one of the experienced men of another sort. THE EDITOK.J 'fore hand, and apologizin space I have taken up. .i p .ii,. --iirc FamuuHJ 3 CHAS. D. FILLER rto we Repair Broken ,.forri to were pulped " v r the sampi - m,li!1Prv Quaker Bread. Made by Particular People For Particular People. The GERMAN BAKERY 833 FORT ST. TELEPHONE 077. n i washed and hulled by machinery, ant a!n!L, hMna mcked out were nntl nit? ui"; f c--.nr Droken ones. 'The absence of ,o or bans referred to in -out; ux tionVis due to the process adopted in Jhe fermenting and washing and not r nnv hand picking. I mav sav that with the proper ma chinerv, and a sufficient and under cul Hvation 1 will guarantee to prepare ? quantity of coffee equal to the samples quoted in this letter iii jf No matter wnetner LuUlwrdb the trouble's due to a " won't work" shutter ora broken lens or, in fact, if there's anything wrong with it we'll fix it up in a way to suit and at a price that'll satisfy you. BIART win FOIIT ST. JEWELER. Tne only Progressive Bakery in Honolulu. REMOVAL NOTICE. JOSE de ESPIRIT0 SANTOS Manufacturer or GUITARS, UKULELES, AND TARO PATCH FIDDLES, Has removed to King St, near Punchbowl St. eHawa Han Gazette London market cans ror a iuSe Mr. Miller has failed to read be- bean of a uniform size ana coior,