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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, APRIL 30, 1S9S.
r T v s r f s hrifimiamnnr m hm ;j 1 1 vvuvynHnrrLPiN A Bit for Two Bits YS And some for four and more. These are JENNINGS' BITS, of which we have a full assortment. Ship and house carpenters' Augers, German Bits, Gimlet Bits, Car Bits, Extension Bits, and all sorts of Bits. Of other tools we will just mention the old, well-known Heller Brothers' Farriers' Tools, of which we carry a full line. Every far rier admits these to be the best made on earth. We cannot give you a list of all the tools we carry in stock, but if wanting anything in this line you are about sure to find same at E. O. HALL & SON, Ld. oooooooooooooooc oocoooooooooooooooooooooo o o Associate Prei-s Dispatch S. F. Chronicle. 8 A LARGE INCREASE OF BUSINESS. R NEW YORK, April 5. The sales of the Remington Standard Typewriter, the world over, for March this year, largely exceeded any previous month in its his tory. Typewriter sales are a good barometer of general 6 industrial conditions." 0 o CXXXXXX)O0O0O0O0O00O0X)O0 o-ooooooooooooooo (Continued troin First Page.) The situation of the wharf as pro posed by the Government is not at all suited to the requirements cf the rail way. It would stand nearly east and west when the wharves for rail way use should stand nearly north and south, to be convenient for plac ing cars alongside ships. All addi tional expense incurred through such awkward unbusinesslike arrangement of bringing ship and car together, is loss an unnecessary loss that must be borne by all the people having freight ing interests on that side of the harbor.- Perhaps some one who "knows all about it" will be good enough to explain in what way the "people" are to be benefitted by the consummation of the Government plan. No one yet has done so! In closing, permit me to add: "Mr. G. F. Allardt, a civil engineer of high standing upon whose survey and re port the entrance to Honolulu harbor was deepened to 30 feet a few years since; has, unasked, submitted his views on the very subject herein dis cussed, in a letter addressed ito the un dersigned. As. 'Mr. Allardt would bo considered authority on harbor im provements anywhere in the world, it has been suggested by some prominent men who have read the letter that it ought to be printed for the benefit of the public, especially as the author, is wholly disinterested, and expresses his unbiased opinion in a friendly manner. Thanking you for this indulgence. I am very respectfully, B. F. DILLINGHAStf. Honolulu, April 25, 1S9S. B General & Land F. DILLINGHAM. Eso.. -Manager Oahu Railway Company, Honolulu, H. I. Dear Sir: I have read with much interest the correspondence relative to the enlargement of Honolulu harbor as published in the 'Advertiser" of January IS. 19, 20 and 21, copies cf which you mailed me. The importance cf the subject, not only to your company but to the pub lic at large, demands the most serious consideration. Being somewhat famili ar with the conditions of your harbor, I take the liberty of herewith sub mitting a few facts and figures which, I trust, may prove of some value in solving the problem. I shall net touch upon the legal rights of the contest ing parties, as that matter has. very properly, been submitted io the courts, but shall confine my remarks solely to the engineering and commercial features of the case, regardless of the real ownership cr corporate rights in the premises. For a clearer understanding of the situation I submit two maps: Map No. 1, showing the proposed plans of improvement and the part of Honolulu harbor under discussion, and Map Xo. 2. showing the general plan of harbor improvements adopted in San Fran cisco. Both maps, are drawn to the same scale, 300 feet to the inch. As I understand it the problem is how best to increase the shipping faci lities in the northern arm of Hono lulu harbor. The Government plan is to construct a substantial wharf, COO ft. long and 100 ft. wide, across the mouth of the Nuuanu inlet, and to fill in, or reclaim, the shallow., tide lands between the wharf and the shore. (See Map Xo. 1). It is apparent, at a glance, that this arrangement will add only 600 feet 'to the available wharf frontage of the harbor. On the other hand, Iany, Govern- the which I will ca'.l the "Railroad i mont decides to cut out those &i i Plan," provides for a system of paral- j another uncalled fcr and wasieiui lei wharves and slips running about ! penditure of the public funds, at right angles to the proposed Gov-j Furthermore, the Government pian. eminent wharf. This plan will event-! instead of enlarging the harbor, wm ually create an additional wharf front-! in reality contract it, as its wharf ex- age of 5,200 feet, cr more than eight times as much as the Government plan. The construction of the wharves and the dredging of the adjacent slips would, of course, be carried on grad ually, one at a time, as the necessities of commerce may demand. l he Government officials admit, it is tends some fifty feet tanner miu harbor than do the pier-heads of the wharves proposed in the railroad plan. Finally, should the Government wharf be constructed, the material in front of the same will be dredged out to a depth of, say, 2tf feet at low tide, i -in,1 tho vrv tformin flliestlOn UUl true, that greater wharf aeeemmoda-: then arise whether it will not become tions will be required in the near fut-j necessary ta construct a massive re tire, in which event they say that ; taining wall, or sea-wall, some GOO feet '"slips can then be easily cut into the Jin length, for the purpose of prevent long wharf now being built." Thisjing the soft mud from sliding back means, in other words, that two-thirds ' into the harbor; and then, when said of this COO ft. wharf must be "rooted 'slip-cutting process is begun, two up" and destroyed, and that then, after 'thirds of this costly sea-wall will have all. the railroad plan of parallel; to be torn cut and removed another wharves and slips will be practically, j waste of the public funds, adopted. It may well be asked, why j The wharf and slip system proposed not build the wharf upon the correct ' by your company is, in no sense, a line in the first instance instead of new experiment. With some slight mo wasting the public funds in building tlifications it has been adopted by the a costly structure in the wrong place ; maritime cities of the United States. and afterwards pulling it down. The Government further argues that the railroad plan involves too much dredging, and that dredging is expen sive. This may be true, but an insnec- notably Xew York, Boston and Port land. In San Francisco, notwithstand ing its five or six miles of available harbor frontage, .the same system has been approved and adopted. It was tion Of the man Will show that the rprnmnipmlpii nffp-r m.iturp rnnsidera- construction of the Government wharf: tion by a commission appointed in not only necessitates a large amount ! 1S77. eomnosed of such distinguished of dredging from the wharf out to the experts as Admiral Rodgers. of the 20 ft. depth at low tide, but also in- tt Vnw Cninnoi Aindn nf th VOlves the COSt Of filling to Street- IT . S KnHnpprs Professor "Davidson, of grade the the wharf entire area lying between and the shore-line of thq H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd,, Sole Agents, Hamakua Plantation, Paauilo, Hawaii, H. I. Mr. J. G. Spencer, Pacific Hardware Co., . Honolulu. Dear Sir: The Secretary Disc Plow I pur chased from you is giving us satisfaction. We are using it to plow under a crop of lupins. They are three feet high and very thick. Your plow turns them completely under, at the same time plowing the land fourteen inches deep. 1 feel satisfied that with this plow the draft for the same quantity and depth of work is as 6 to 8. That is, with the old plow, to do the same work, it takes 8 good mules; with your plow it takes only 6, and they are less tired at night. Please send me another plow by first schooner leaving for this. You are at liberty to use this in any way you may see fit. tours truly, A. LIDGATE. WATSON, LAIDLAW & C0S Water Which does away with two-thirds of the floor space, three-fourths of the oil, and the whole of the helting required for drying sugar with the ordinary machine. May be seen in motion on application to 212 Queen St. ROBERT CATTON. Eiti. CATTON, M Founders and Machinists. 213 Queen St., bet. Alakea and Richards Sts., Honolulu. . Invito Enquiries for General Ironwork; Iron and Brass Cast ings. Ships' Blacksmiths. Cemetery Railings and Crestings Made to Order: Samples on Hand. REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. ((( L r . . ) CATTLE i L A 1 1 xnm SjV DIAGRAM Driven Centrifugal 1 "a -f -m- x x v - - i ii r d W : U0 the U. S. Coast Survey, and Ir. T. J. Arnold, the then chief engineer of the inlet nearly fifteen acres of tide lands. .Harbor Beard. The general desirti is requiring, at a rough estimate, about 'shown on .Map Xo. 2. The wharves one hundred and fifty thousand (150,-j or ,,jers. as'thev are here called, run 000) cubic yards of material, a large ' nut r0o fpPt from thP ap.i-wall. and the slips between them are 200 feet in width. This width of slips was con sidered essential to obviate the great inconvenience and expense of vessels lying at outer berths hauling out to tallow entrance and exit for vessels lying at inner berths at the same slip. I notice, by the way, that your pro posed slips are only 150 feet in. width. This is a little scant, but considering that the breadth of beam of the largest ship seldom exceeds forty feet, this width will answer the purpose fairly well, as it gives a clear passage of seventy feet for exit and entrance be tween vessels docked on both sides cf the slip. A noteworthy feature of the San Francisco plan is the Belt Railroad, so called, which will eventually be ex tended around the entire -waterfront. The xise of its tracks is made free by law, to all railroad companies. The method of connecting the tracks with the piers is also shown on the map. The main object sought to be attained was "to bring ship and car together," one of the most essential requirements of modern commerce. Returning to our (Honolulu harbor, it seems to me there can be but one opinion as to the relative merits of the two plans proposed. To sum up the Government plan will add only COO feet to the available wharf frontage and will actually contract the harbor; while the railroad plan provides for a future extension of some 5,200 feet of the wharf frontage, besides materially augmenting deep water area cf the harbor. In case the controversy is carried to the Legislature, I would suggest that you have prepared a large wall map, to be hung up in the Legislature hall while the matter is under deliberation. The map should exhibit all lines and objects likely to be referred to in the discussion. Have the lines made heavy, and the figures and lettering large and bold, in order that they can be plainly distinguished by all the members. Plenty of coloring will add to the effectiveness of the map. Draw to a scale, of say, 20 feet per inch, which will make the size about 9 feet by 15 feet. I would further suggest that Mr. iKluegel, your Chief Engineer, come well fortified with figures on the rela tive cost of the two plans, especially in the matter of dredging, not forget ting to emphasize the advantage of utilizing the dredged material in re claiming low waste lands, thereby ad ding to the taxable property of the city. In conclusion, I desire to say, with all due respect to the gentlemen com posing the Hawaiian Cabinet, (several of whom I have the honor to know), that the carrying out of the Govern ment plan would in my humble judgment be a very grave error, and would result in irreparable injury to Honolulu harbor. Indeed, it may be the first step to drive the Ho nolulu shipping to the deep and more commodious waters of Pearl harbor. Respectfully submitted, G. F. ALLARDT, Chief Engineer, 420 California Street. San Francisco, Cal., February 17, 1S9S. & REWARD OF MERIT. At the CHICAGO CYCLE SHOW in 1S97, each visitor on entering the Snow was handed a coupon reading as below: "After viewing the exhibits, kindly fill in the name of the Bicycle which, pleases ycu best as regards beauty and mechanical merit, and deposit the coupon in ba'.lot box near exits. Name of Bicycle The "Shirk" received 17,489 ballots against 12,377 the next highest. When it is known that all the leading makes of wheels in the United States were on exhibition at this Show, the above speaks for itself. The HONOLULU BICYCLE CO. have secured the Agency for this strictly high grade wheel. IT WILL INTEREST YOU TO CALL , TEL. 4lO. i v -r - I l CAL fDO - azette lJ AND SEE IT. The SHIRK is the best ever happened. thing that ad the Hawaiian