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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, MAY 4, 1S9S.
' Jj J?1 A Bit for Two Bits And some for four and more. These are JENNINGS' BITS, of which we have a full assortment. Ship and house carpenters' Augers, German Bits, Gimlet Bits, Car Bits, Extension Bits, and all sorts of Bits. Of other tools we will just mention the old, well-known Heller Brothers' Farriers' Tools, of which we carry a full line. Every far rier admits these to be the best made on earth. We cannot give you a list of all the tools we carry in stock, but if wanting anything in this line you are about sure to find same at E. O. HALL & SON, Ld. V A OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC 0000000XXXXXXX30CXXK00000 Q ...... , O lAseociaie rreis uiepaicn a. r. cnromcjc.j y A LAKGE INCREASE OF BUSINESS. X NEW YORK, April 5. The sales of the Remington Standard Typewriter, the world over, for March this 9 year, largely exceeded any previous month in its his- X tory. Typewriter sales are a good barometer of general O industrial conditions. 0 o 0X5XX0000000000000000 oooooooooooooooo H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd,, Sole Agents, Hamakua Plantation, v Paauilo, Hawaii, H. I. Mr. J. G. Spencer, Pacific Hardware Co., Honolulu. Dear Sir: The Secretary Disc Plow I pur chased from you is giving us satisfaction. We are using it to plow under a crop of lupins. They are three feet high and very thick. Your plow turns them completely under, at the same time plowing the land fourteen inches deep. I feel satisfied that with this plow the draft for the same quantity and depth of work is as 6' to 8. That is, with the old plow, to do the same work, it takes 8 good mules; with your plow it takes only 6, and they are less tired at night. Please send me another plow by first schooner leaving for this. You are at liberty to use this in any way you may see fit. Yours truly, A. L1DGATE. WATSON, LAIDLAW & CO.'S Water-Driven Centri Which does away with two-thirds of the floor space, three-fourths of the oil, and the whole of the belting required for drying sugar with the ordinary machine. May be seen in motion on application to 212 DADCDT P ATTAM Queen St. nwJLJI-Jli A XSJT A 1 Wli ATTN5 WEILL & . Founders and Machinists. 213 Queen St., bet. Alakea and Richards Sts., Honolulu. Invito Enquiries for General Ironwork; Iron and Brass Cast ings. Ships' Blacksmiths. Cemetery Railings and Crestings Made to Order: Samples on Hand. REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. TEL. 410. -t m it IT T7 mm tne t lawaiia n Gazette A WHARF ARGUMENT. PORTION OF THE ARGUMENT OF THE RAILROAD COMPANY BEFORE THE SENATE COMMITTEE SUPPORTING RIGHT OF THE COMMERCIAL IN TERESTS OF HONOLULU TO RE HEARD UPON THE WHARF QUESTION. If it is ronreilcd for argument's sake that tin Railroad Company has no possible claim to ownership of wharf front age in Honolulu Harbor as a matter of right, yet, it would be the part of wisdom so far certainly as the residents of Hono lulu are concerned to give it that right. The ownership of wharves by the Government as against private individuals or strictly private corporations should not necessarily apply to, a .semi-public corporation like a railroad which is a public servant whose affairs including the question of freight and passenger rates are subject to direct regulation by the State. The Railroad is already an immense benefit to the City of Honolulu and that benefit is growing apace. The Road now receives and handles over ninety thousand tons of freight annually over its wharf in Honolulu harbor. With the new enterprises now assured along the line of the road and estab lished enterprise yet to be reached by extensions it is cal culated that in five years time the tonnage handled by the Road through Honolulu Harbor will reach three hundred thousand tons. Already the pay roll of the Railroad Company outside of the pay roll for extensions which may be considered tempor ary is from 5,000 to 7,000 a month, and expensive car, ma chinery and repair works and shops are being built up at the terminus in this City to meet the requirements of present and future business of the Company. Iiy having its terminus in the City of Honolulu the Company is committed to the po licy of building up the interests of this town and of resisting any diversion of business to Pearl Harbor when that great lagoon with over twenty miles of wharf frontage is opened up to commerce. There is no more valuable artery to sustain and build up a city than a railroad. Not only have great subsidies and bonuses been voted to secure a railroad to cities in the past throughout the United States, but they are still voting such subsidies. Cities are as eager to secure railroads and to induce .them to come by largesses as they ever were. If the Railroad is "deprived of ownership or wharf frontage in Honolulu, it will not remove its terminus from Honolulu from pique or by way of retaliation. Railroad Companies must conduct their affairs on business lines and if it still pays them to come to Honolulu and to divert all the business that they gather around this Island past Pearl Harbor to Honolulu they are going to do it; but the question arises, will not the exclusion from all ownership of wharves in Hono lulu make it pay as a business proposition for the Road to turn to Pearl Harbor as its terminus and to regulate its affairs from now on with a view of carrying out that purpose? Railroad -officials tlaim that it will. The Company owns a mile of wharf frontage in fee simple on Pearl Harbor and has live miles of fine wharf frontage there under a forty year lease. It owns valuable land for terminal facilities, car shops and for its employees, and it also owns large areas adjacent to the water front for storing coal and lumber. If the citizens of Honolulu are satisfied that the railroad officials are mistaken and it will not pay them to move even if they cannot secure ownership of a wharf front at Honolulu, then they need have no fear that the Railroad Company will move for it is a question of dollars and cents, but applying the same reasoning if it turns out that it will pay the Company to use its terminal facilities at Pearl Harbor and to build Pearl Harbor up as against Honolulu just so surely will it be done. , Ownership of wharves in Honolulu is now a profitable pro position for the demand for wharfage is in excess of the sup ply, but put between twenty and thirty miles of wharf front at Pearl Harbor into the market (and it will be in the market the day 4hat Harbor is opened up) and if we 'do not shortly thereafter have free wharfage tendered to the vessels in both harbors to secure the benefits that come from their presence and as a result of competition between the two harbors, we certainly will have something dangerously near free wharfage and the ownership of wharves then for the benefit of the peo ple will be at a discount, the chief benefit arising thereform will be the paying of taxes to maintain them. The wharf question in Honolulu Harbor is in one sense a national question but in another it is nothing but a municipal question in which the City of Honolulu is primarily and chiefly interested and should have the say. Throughout the United States the cities, with a few checks, have the control and dis position of the wharf frontage of their harbors as they also have the control and disposition of their public parks, boule vards, etc. Questions like this one under consideration are generally decided either directly by the city which uses the harbor or indirectly by its influence and wish. For instance: even if the State reserves the right to alienate wharf lands, they will almost invariably make the alienation if the city directly interested so desires. So that really this is to a large extent a municipal question in which the City of Honolulu is primarily interested. If the Railroad had not been built and we were today asking for the right to own wharf room on Honolulu Harbor sufficient for the needs of the Company and proved that we had plenty of money back of us to build the road and it was left to the City of Honolulu whether we should have the wharf room or not we do not doubt the result. The Railroad would get the concession. The Railroad Com pany claims it did get that concession before it started to build, i. c. the right to condemn in fee whenever it was pre pared to do so, and now that the road is built and the City is getting the advantage of that road some are commencing to begrudge the promise made, lint there is yet this other re maining feature to be considered, namely, whether the exclu sion of the Railroad from Ownership of wharf room in Hono lulu is in the real interests of the people if the result is to drive away from this city the terminus of the road and all the business that necessarily or usually follow the terminus. There is not a property owner, a storekeeper, or an owner of real estate in the City'of Honolulu who is not benefited by the presence of this road.. The money that it pays out in wages goes directly among the laboring people who in turn spend their money to the benefit of other classes throughout the community, and the good the road will do to this town has but just begun. If it increases its tonnage to 300,000 tons as against 00,000 tons, that means a vast deal to this City. It should also be borne in mind that a great deal of the trade of this City with the other Islands is being diverted, not to re turn. There were nine vessels in Hilo Harbor the other day and there is plenty room there for more. Plantation after plantation has commenced not only to ship direct to San Francisco but to receive its supplies and goods direct back again to the manifest detriment of Honolulu and that diver sion has only just begun. There is no reason why all the sugar from the Island of Hawaii, barring perhaps Kau, should not be shipped direct to San Francisco, and this is true of most of the freight on the Island of Maui. Of course there are compensations for. Honolulu in the way of increased foreign trade and an increase in the number of foreign steamers making Honolulu a way port, still Honolulu already feels the drain caused by this movement on the other Islands for direct communication abroad and in addition Honolulu has a rival still more to be feared fifteep miles awa.v from its doors which is now asleep but which must and will be roused into life within a verv few vears at the most. Roth Representative Cannon and Senator Pettigrew said emphatically that Pearl Harbor was going to control the for eign trade and commerce of the Hawaiian Islands, and the opinion of Representative Cannon is worth u good deal. He stands at the head of a committee that controls appropria tions covering annually hundreds of millions of dollars and is thoroughly seasoned and experienced in the consideration of those propositions that go to build up or pull down cities. The Railroad Company urges that it would pay the people to give the Railroad a wharf frontage on Honolulu Harbor even if it conceded that it has absolutelv no ground for claim mg such a concession as a matter of right. And when one takes into consideration in addition to this the specific pledges of wharf frontage solemnlv and voluntarilv conceded to this Company by Contract, ('barter and Law, it certainly seems both profitable and right to make the concession. There is this further consideration. The deed of this entire Republic and all its public lands has been duly executed on our part and lies in Washington now awaiting merely accept ance by the United States Government to eliminate for good and all any sovereign power within Hawaii nei. Instead of a Minister of Finance we will have a City and County Treas urer; a Governor appointed froni Washington instead of a President, and so on, and the absolute control and disposi tion of every inch of public lands including Honolulu Harbor will rest in the hands of the National Congress. They eait sweep aside at their will the proposition that the people should own the wharves. Who will control this City and its wharves we do not know. Congress can make direct conces sions of wharf privileges to private individuals if it chooses and quite as likely to outside Companies as to Kamaainas. It would be rather odd if the Oahu Railway Company, owned and controlled within Hawaii nei, should be shut out of t he ownership of any wharfage frontage by its own friends, and after we had accomplished this and annexation had come we should find Congress either directly or indirectly disposing of the harbor front to Tom, Dick and Harry to suit its own pur poses. We might wish most heartily for one hour again of power to use it to give to our own home railroad and to our citizens who own it the wharf privilege that we foolishly shut them out of. Rut whatever 111113" ue result under annex ation, we prophesy that when the wharf front and tide lands, of this country shall pass out of our hands to a distant Con gress much of the enthusiasm among us for the ownership of all the wharves by the people will wane when the people comes to mean, besides ourselves, sixty-five of seventy mil lions across the water. In the United States any man who owns land bordering on the sea. or navigable lake or river has thereby and without asking leave of anybody the right to build out and make wharves and other structures for loading and unloading freight. The Courts of the United States early decided that "Riparian proprietors have the right to erect bridges, piers and landing places on the shores of navigable rivers, lakes, bavs and arms of theWa if thev conform to the regulations of the State and do not obstruct navigation; the right to make such an erection terminates on the point of navigability." I Again the law on this point in the United States is thus stated : "liy the common law the riparian owner has the rigjit to establish a wharf on his own soil. This being lawful use of the land the right is judicially recognized in this country. and riparian proprietors on ocean, lake or navigable river have under virtue of their proprietorship and without special legis lative authority the right to erect wharves, quays, piers and landing places on the shore if these conform to the regula tions of the State for the protection of the public and do not become a nuisance by obstructing navigation. This right has been exercised by the owners of adjacent land from the first settlement of the country. The right terminates at the point of navigability unless special authority be conferred because at this point the necessity for such erections ordinarily ceases." If Pearl Harbor is to be developed under American law then every land owner having frontage on that lagoon will have the right to build out his wharves undisturbed and to use those wharves for loading and unloading vessels of iill descriptions at his pleasure. If such be the case wharf front age will certainly be at a discount and what now seems such a valuable gift to the Railroad Company may look very differ ently within a short time. Meanwhile is it not the part of wisdom to bind this Railroad and all its interests Irrevocably to the development of this City? To accord it such recogni tion that it will spend so much money in the development of its terminus in Honolulu that it will not pay for the Company to move elsewhere or even to consider such a proposition; so that it will continue to haul all the freight that it gathers up around this Island past Pearl Harbor into Honolulu City, to the benefit of every man, woman and child who has a dollar at stake in the maintenance of the commercial supremacy of this Citv? Lying. baking" powder, and money-making-, have gone hand-in -hand for years. Schillings Best, the one teaspoonful baking powder, gets along without lying. Character ! Schilling's Best baking powder keeps, and does per fect work, in all climates: wet, dry, hot, cold. Your money back at your grocer's if you do not like it. 62i Lei Me See four Eyes. Maybe that headache comes from your eyes. If there's any trouble with them, I'll correct it witjh. perfect fit ting glasses. If I find you do not neeel glasses, I'll say so. EXAMINATION FREE. Decoration Day IS NEAR AT HAND, HAWAIIAN STONE MONUMENTS and CEMETERY WORK (in detail). CARVING AND INSCRIPTIONS. Prompt and careful service given to all work intrusted to me. ARTHUR HARRISON, Queen and Fort Streets. With Washington Feed Co. Sight restored to all by S. E. LUCAS, PARISIAN OPTICIAN. OFFICE: Love Building, Fort Street. L. KOXCx FJSE. Merchant : Tailor, 623 Fort St., Opp. Club Stables. FINE SUITS TO ORDER AT REA SONABLE RATES. Suit3 cleaned and repaired. Satis faction guaranteed. II. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd. Mi Cljp U Cor. Fort and Queen Sts., : Honolnla.