THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER : HONOLULU, MAY
' 1 I
V. N. ARMSTRONG - EDITOR
MONDAY : : : : : MAY 9'
The actual and acknowledged exist
nneft of war between the United States
and Spain, brings into operation all of
iho laws regarding the rights and obli
gations of belligerents, and also the
rights and obligations of neutrai
The relation of Hawaii to either of
the belligerent parties is precisely the
same as that of any other neutral
state, unless it is modified by the ces
sion of Pearl harbor to the United
States, or by the pending treaty of an
If the cession of rights in Pearl har
bor to the United States has any value,
they are open to capture by Spain. Any
right, or property or interest of one
belligerent is open to seizure by the
other. But as Pearl harbor has at pres
ent no well defined value, it may be
left out of the pending questions.
As a matter of fact, the probabilities
-e extremely remote of any approach
by the Spaniards to these Islands, if
the war is a short one. .If it is pro
traded, they will send cruisers of some
kind into the Pacific, and if they can
secure coal supplies, will destory Am
rirn shinning. They would probably
..on of this port. Long before these
,r,KiPrs are near us, the decisive naval
lttipq will have been fought between
the great fleets, and the main question
of superiority will be settled.
rtnr duties therefore as a neutral
state may never become a practical
nption. so far as Spain is concerned.
At the same time as a member, of the
family of nations, we must declare our
nnsition. because we are a maritime
State. It may not be necessary to make
this declaration at once. For the ob
ject of making it, is not so much to
establish neutrality, as it is to pro
claim to the maritime world what rules
and regulations we have chosen to
adopt governing commerce or the
visits of belligerents. A nation is pre
Burned to be neutral, until she declares
otherwise. But nations differ some
what regarding rules and regulations
Therefore proclamations of neutrality
are usually made in order to define
rights and obligations.
It will probably not be seriously dis
puted that Hawaii is still an independ
ent, sovereign State. If the United
States claim any rights of sovereignity
here, we fail to see what they are
They have neither civil or criminal
iurisdiction. Their representatives
have no authority whatsoever within
the limits of the Republic. The rati
fication of the treaty of annexation by
the Hawaiian Senate is merely a part
nf an unexecuted agreement, which
has no force and effect until executed
by the American Senate. It is the case
of a deed of land, signed, sealed, but
not delivered, and therefore of no
value whatever as a transfer of title
Probably the Hawaiian Senate could
now reverse its act of ratification, and
It would be recognized as legal.
The existence of an American
"sphere of influence" over the Islands
is. so far as belligerent rights are con
cerned an indefinite condition; it
vests no title in the American States
The American Congress can, if it
chooses, make these Islands American
territory in a hour's time. Until it
does so, Hawaii is, so far as law goes,
independent and neutral.
As a neutral state she should fol
low, in due time, the example of other
neutral states, and proclaim her neu
trality. Such a proclamation would
require the Bennington to leave this
port within 24 hours, just as the Por
tuguese required the Spanish fleet to
leave St. Vincent at once. Should the
Bennington refuse to go, we could not
help ourselves, but would show an
A strict regard for the laws which
govern neutrals, undoubtedly- demands
that our friends, the Americans, should
in no way whatever, make this port a
basis of naval supplies or operations.
If they choose to put their own inter
pretation on these laws, or disregard
them, we cannot help ourselves.
Atlanta was disabled and captured.
We believe that several of the officers
of the Weehawken are now officers of
high rank in the present service.
What we said in these columns sev
eral days ago, is confirmed by the com
ments of several American papers, that
neither English, nor German, or
French navy men, of the higher ranks,
have seen as much service under shot
and shell, as the American officers.
These men have had the baptism of
The cadet training given at the
Naval Academy at Annapolis also
shows the value of education. Educa
tion becomes ripe and effective only
under the warmth of experience. Most
fortunately for the Americans, this
Spanish war occurs while these experi
enced men are living.
It would make Farragut and Porter
shout, from their graves with joy, if
they could know of the marvelous
rapidity with which the fleets have
been equipped, and sent to sea. The
value of time, as a factor in war, seems
to be fully appreciated.
The organization of the army for
Cuban invasion is being made with the
some celerity. There is no amateur
work in it. Thirty-three years of
peace have not. subdued the energies
of the men who were trained under
Grant and Sherman, and perhaps un
der Lee and Stonewall Jackson. It
would be a red letter day in American
military history to see a division of
men commanded by Stonewall Jack
son's old officers in line with a division
of Sherman's men, moving on a Span
One -of the well informed writers in
the Daily Telegraph, London, gives
quite sufficient reasons for the hesita
tion of the Spanish fleet to move from
St. Vincent. He asserts that the usual
dishonesty which attends all of the
official business of the Spanish naval
and military establishments, has left
the ships 'without proper equipment
and supplies. The Spaniards find them
selves in the crippled condition of the
French, after the declaration of war
against Russia. We quoted, the other
day, the comment of the London Times
that the Spanish navy is largely on
paper. While this navy may be num
erically equal and in some respects su
perior to the American, the testimony
of European experts indicates that its
condition is not satisfactory
At the same time the Americans will
not despise it, and will assume that it
is what it is claimed to be. They may
have full knowledge of the deficiencies
of the enemy's navy, but they will fight
it as if it were the best equipped in the
Illncs of Claus Sprcckc!.--.
W. G. Irwin said on Saturday that
he had been informed that the serious
sickness of Col. Claus Spreckels had
taken a turn for the better on the day
of the sailing of the S. S. City of Rio.
The famous sugar king and anti-an-nexationist
had been a very .suk man
for a fortnight. At one time it was
reported that he could not live. In
consequence the commercial world of
San Francisco was greatly disturbed.
The interests of Colonel Spreckels on
the Coast are enormous and he has
large sums of money invested in the
t?ov o TI. Gulick's paper ior me
Kneial Science Association meeting this
evening will be on the progress of Jap
an during the past thirty years.
REWARD OF MERIT.
U the CHICAGO CYCLE SHOW in
1SS7, each visitor on entering the
Show was handed a coupon reading as
After viewing the exhibits, kindly
fill in the name of the Bicycle which
pleases you best as regards beauty
and mechanical merit, and deposit the
coupon in baftlot box near exits.
Name of Bicycle,
The "Shirk" received 17,489 ballots
against 12,377 the next .highest. WThen
it is .known that all the leading makes
of wheels in the United States were
on exhibition at this Show, the above
speaks for itself. The HONOLULU
BICYCLE CO. have secured the Agency
for this strictly high grade wheel.
IT WILL INTEREST YOU UALL
AND SEE IT.
The SHIRK is the best tning mat
Hood's Pills are as peculiar and as pleas
ant, in comparison with all others, as is
II C . 1 1
To compound a pill which shall be
pleasant to take, shall not be coated with
what by age becomes insoluble, and which
Bhall be just that mild stimulant to the
liver and bowels which shall help Nature
to restore her disordered functions that
is the problem for the pharmacist.
It is easy to purge, but that is not what
is wanted. A mild but sure and un-
Ex "City of Peking:"
8 1 U
disturbing cathartic will set Nature to
going, and relieve the head, the stomach,
the liver and all the organs of the body
from the evils of a clogged drainage.
The Liver is the gateway between the
stomach and the organs which the
stomach purveys for. Stop up the gate
and death quickly ensues. Burden it with
obstructions and a thousand ills result.
Hood's Pills CURE Liver ills, sick head
ache, biliousness, indigestion, nausea,
constipation, without purging, without
pain, without violence.
Everybody at sometime needs them.
Everybody should keep them on hand at
all times for emergencies.
Hood's Pills are sold by all druggists.
25 cents. Sent by mail on receipt of price.
by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass., U. b. A.
HOBRON DRUG COMPANY,
May 9, 1898.
Last week we drew your
attention to the good quali
ties of the
IN BLACK, WHITE, PINK AND BLUE.
e Grass Clot
OF FINE QUALITY.
B. F. EHLERS & CO
0 Hollister & (Jo.
ImportTCigars direct from Havana.
Hollister & Co.f Cigars :dircct from th0
TTnllistfiv Sr. rJo.,mpopr!,a-CiEars direct from th
Hollister & Co.,BTod,,ro,nth'
STOCK FOR SALE.
A walk through most
any section of this city
at night when all is still
wl cause anyone to won
der why more sickness
does not exist. The ob
noxious orders from defec
tive sewerage and many
other causes ought to he
overcome and that at once.
rtv order of the Treasurer of the
HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC CO. I will sell
at Public Auction, at my salesrooms
ON TUESDAY, MAY 10,
AT 12 O'CLOCK NOON,
3 shares of stock of the above Com
pany, being" fractional shares of the
: 5 CENTS A GALLON.
Jas. F. Morgan.
Residence on Emma St.
On Saturday, May 21st,
AT 12 O'CLOCK NOON,
At my salesroom. Queen street, I will
i sell at Public Auction the residence of
I Mrs. C. F. Bush on Emma street below
the Royal School property and adjoin
ine: the residence of Jas. CurnDbell. Esq
The property has a frontage of 101
feet on Emma street and is from 17b
to 200 feet deep.
There is a commodious dwelling:
house on the property, containing par
lor, dining room, 7 bedrooms, pantry,
There are also two cottages, contain
ing 2 rooms each.
An excellent opportunity to purchase
a residence close to town.
Look after your cess
pools, water closets and
garbage barrels. .They are
fever producers. Keep
them free from offensive
It saves doctor's bills.
Much simpler and more
convenient than Chloride
of Lime, Carbolic Acid
and many other disinfec
tants. Used in all the
prominent Hospitals and
Public Buildings through
out the United States.
PURINE THE SWF.
Sold In any quantity
from 25 cents upwards.
Give It a trial.
but did not mention the fact
that although the Aermotor
PUMP MORE WATER
than any other mill, even
with a poor pump, still it
will not. do its best work
unless attached to a good
We keep in stock, to go
with our i6-foot geared
which will furnish from 8
to 10,000 gallons per hour.
For our smaller mills we
have a pump which is man
ufactured by the Aermotor
Co. itself and is the very
thing for those who want a
pump that is cheap and at
the same time is the best of
You cannot make a mis
take when you invest in an
Aermotor. They pay for
themselves in no time.
2 Hollister & CoJmp&
Uollistox & Co Import Snuff direct from tne Factries
I Hollister & Co.,mpot?J&poLp.esdirectfrom,theFac-
l mOllistGl & CO HaV9 Havana and ManlIa c'Ears in Bond.
Cr Are TOBACCONISTS.
0 A.A.KJJLL10 UC7 JU VSVS.
TTn:! X ii Are Located at
XiUlllOUtJI iX JU.
Corner of Fort & Merchant Sts.
HHi.Hi.-imwmTrimwmmwMninfwwtwiiimmwmw m ,H
x? Cures while
Wwa'S. you Sleep ft
Jg 1 1 M I Mil 111
Wiiooping Cough, Asthma, Group, Catarrh, Goids.
OeSOlene when Ypori4 fai dM ick rtai will gir laliat Mttcf.
It. carative powwa arc woodcrM, ml tk wmmm tim prwaiimg the prum
W CMtaffioas diseases by meting as a powrfrf s'kinfarla. hMmWaa Ifea
- .lhj r.t j w .1.. ;.. ValmsklA iiiiIi I In.
fOSBCCK caua ouui uj luvjuiM) w - . i - - - - t
HOLLISTER- DRUG COM Honolulu, m. l Jlcm&. i
D o wG&4t
The most noticeable feature of the
'American campaign is its celerity. As
the Nation has been at peace with the
world for 33 years, one would expect to
see some friction! some rust, some
hesitating movements. But the dis
patches distinctly show the value of
the Annapolis training, and the experi
ences gained in the Civil war. Al
though 33 years have passed, there are
now over 150 officers of the navy, who
have had training under fire Many of
these men are at their best now. The
older men will perhaps recall the fight
between the ironclad Weehawken of
the Federal navy and the Confederate
ironclad Atlanta in. Warsaw Sound, in
which, after a severe engagement, the
uni i iotd iwn Tim (Inumiinn HnrrlurnrA (In
lULUOlLll unuu UU. Illli Mill nuiim I b
l m m m m m ' v m m m r mm r m mmmm.
AUCTIONEER. JIH nWlltJ. rirn j . i
iI.ATO I IM II ill?!
1 UMli V I! ULi 11 1MU fill JU1UIA1
For further particulars apply to
Jas. F. Morgran,
HONOLULU. H. I.
SOFT, WHITE HKIN Is within the
reach of every woman. All that is needed'
to make the complexion faultless 13 Maiud
Removes every facial blemish, take 8
away redness ana oiiiness, preserves and
beautifies the skin.
Prepared Only By
enson, Smith & Co
We will begin the new month with a
NEW STOCK OF GOODS
Parcnnolh; cplprtprl at thp Fartnrip; in Fnrnnp nno
America, and Bought For Spot Cash.
Weareicfw l Je3 offer the people of Honolulu -------
As have never been shown in this country before,
1 i 1
w a a s a
mrn p s rib ra
-J. . '
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v. . . ; i
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