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It 4 W Lis. V -- abU-"i Jnly 185- fZOIi XX VH., NO. 4920. HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1S9S. PRICE FIVE CENTS. si 7l Aikf A ih ill itw PI ih W bJiUJ U Ml i R H . . H H I V Jit f t J. Q. WOOD, Attorney at Law. AND NOTARY PUBLIC. OFFICE: Corner King and Bethel Streets. mi. c. u. high, DentiSt Philadelphia Dental College 1892. Masonic Temple. Telephone 218. A. C. WALL, I). 1). S. Dentist. LOVE BUILDING, : FORT STREET. M. E. GROSSMAN, D.H.S. Dentist. .08 HOTEL STREET, HONOLULU. Office Hours: 9 a.m. to 4 p. m. DR. A. J, DERBY, Dentist. CORNER FORT AND HOTEL STS., MOTT-SM1TII BLOCK. Telephones: Office, 615; Residence, 789. HOURS: 9 to 4. GEO. II. IITJDDY, D.D.S. Dentist. FORT STREET, OPPOSITE CATHO LIC MISSION. Hours: From 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. DR. M. WACHS. Dentist. CTniversity of California. Beretania near Fort street. Office Hours: 9 to 12 a. m. and 1 to 4 p. in. C. L. GARVIN, 2VI.D. Office No. 537 Kins street, near Punchbowl. Hours: 8:30 to 11 a. m.; 3 to 5 p. m.; 7 to 8 p. m. Telephone No. 448. MRS. F. S. SAYANT-JEROME, M.D. HOMEOPATH. Has opened office No. 223 Hotel street. Women's and Children's Diseases. Special studies made of dietetics and physiatrics. V. T. MONSARRAT, VETERINARY SURGEON AND DEN TIST. TELEPHONES 161 & 626. CIIAS. F. PETERSON, Attorney at Law. AND NOTARY PUBLIC. 15 Kaahumanu St. IiYLE A. DICKEY, Attorney at Law. . 14 KAAHUMANU STREET. Telephone, 6S2. WIELIA3I C. PARKE, Attorney at Law. AND AGENT TO TAKE ACKNOWLEDG MENTS. Officer Kaahumanu St., Honolulu. O. G. TRAPHAGEX, ARCHITECT. 223 Merchant Street, between Fort and AlaUea. Telephone 734. Honolulu, H. I. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO. Steam Engines, BOILERS, SUGAR MILLS, COOLERS, BRASS AND LEAD CASTINGS. And machinery of every description na tn nrdpr "Particular attention Drtid to ship's blacksmithing. Job work executed on tne snorie u. H. HACKFELD & CO., Ltd. Cor. Fort and Queen Sts., : Honolulu. Gg Mitt n flaents FOR SALE. A Coffee Estate OF 150 ACRES, SITUATED IN THE WONDERFUL DISTRICT OF PUNA, HAWAII. Twenty-five Acres Cleared and Planted Over a Year Ago, Now in Fine Condition. Adjoining Unimproved Land Com mands $22.50 per Acre. Owner cannot give the Property fur ther attention. A SPLENDID OPPORTUNITY FOR A BARGAIN. Safe DeDosit and Investment Company. GEORGE R. CARTER, Mgr. Office la rear of Bank of Hawaii. Ltd. SPECIAL BUSINESS ITEMS. ART AND SCIENCE. At the World's Columbian Exposi tion art and science was thoroughly exemplified. The greatest achieve ments of modern times were on exhi bition. Among the many beautiful displays none attracted more atten tion than that made by the Singer Sewing Machine Company. It won the enthusiastic praises of all. B. Berger sen, Agent, Bethel street. The City Carriage Company possess only first-class hacks and employ only careful, steady drivers. Carriages at all hours. Telephone 113. JOHN S. ANDRADE. GUIDE THROUGH HAWAII. PRICE, COc. BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTRATED. FOR SALE BY ALL NEWSDEALERS WOMAN'S EXCHANCE. 215 Merchant St. HAWAIIAN CURIOS Leis, Kapa, Niihau Mats, Calabashes, Idols, Fans, Shells, Seeds, etc., etc. SAMOAN TAPAS, Carved Emu Eggs, Hula Drums, Gourds, etc., etc. Point Lace Handkerchiefs, Doylies, Fayal work and Hawaiian Dolls. Telephone 659. T. M. X)AVIDSOT. Attorney and Counsel lor at Law No. 206 Merchant Street : Honolulu CHARLES CLARK. Attorney at Law. 121 MERCHANT STREET. Honolulu Hale. Tel. 345. Up Stairs. M. W. McCHESNEY & SONS. Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in Leather and Shoe Findings. Agents Honolulu Soap Works Company and Honolulu Tannery. BEFORE BUYING Your Furniture call at the IXL and see the low prices in Antique Oak Bedroom Sets, Iron Beds, Wardrobes, Chairs, Rockers, Bureaus, Tables, Meat Safes, Stoves, Washstands, Ice Boxes, Etc. S. W. LEDERER, Corner Nuuanu and King Sts. ' P. O. Box 480. Tel. 478. Hired by the Hour, Day or Week. NEW CLEVELAND BICYCLES. J. RICHARDSON, HOTEL ST. Near Arlington Hotel. 1 ft 1 :&:X I DEBATE IN NOUS Lower Branch Discusses Revenue aid Salary Roll. ONE ALLOWANCE IS REDUCED Pay of Kalihl Physician Cut Down. Remarks On Schedule "E" the Attorney General Gives Views. senate: Eighty-fifth day, May 25. Consideration of the opium hill was put off to todajr and action on the barb-wire fence act postponed to Mon day next. The Senate adopted a committee re port which approves of the House reso lution for condemnation of Youmans estate, water front property, for wharf purposes. At 10:30 the Senate adjourned. HOUSE. The Appropriation Bill was brought up for consideration. The first item was "segregation of lepers, pay roll" and, under this, "salary of physician, $3600.00." Attorney-General Smith spoke of the importance of the work done by Dr. Alvarez at the leper re ceiving station. His salary, he did not believe, should be reduced. The bac teriological work on leprosy should be continued. Rep. Gear spoke on the matter stating that Dr. Alvarez had a large practice outside of his work at the receiving station where he spent but two or three hours a day. Certain ly he should not object to a reduction under the circumstances. Rep. Richards stated that the item under consideration was one hi; believed should not be reduced. He moved the item pass at $4800.00. This was lost and the item passed at $3600.00. The various items under "Leper Set tlement, Molokai," were consolidated into one item, "assistants and em ployes," and passed at $20,000 instead of $19,068.00 as recommended by the committee. Third reading of House Bill 8, re lating to income tax, announced. Con sideration of this was deferred and Substitute Senate Bill 26 was taken up in its place. Reps. Robertsofr, Min isters Smith and Damon spoke against the passage of the bill which provides for the striking out of Schedule E. Notwithstanding the forcible remarks made the bill passed second reading by a vote of 7 to 5. The Attorney-General said: "There is probably no more difficult subject to approach among the various subjects for legislation than that of taxation. The more one has to do with taxation and legislating upon it, the more the difficulties are apprehend ed; and I think it is a sound principla of political economy, and the admin istration of public affairs, that when existing systems meet public require ments fairly well they should not be changed, unless for very good reasons. "The present system which is at tacked by the bill now before the House was adopted two years ago and has been in force ever since. Like all new departures in the system of taxa tion, great opposition was raised to it; and strongly contested actions were brought before the courts, testing every feature of that law; and the construction of the law has been fully and finally declared. The tax payers have became accustomed to its pro visions and the revenues of the country have been very material ly increased; as reported by the Minister of Finance. It is anticipated, as shown by the Minister of Finance's report and the message of the Presi dent at the opening of the Legislature, that it will still more increase the revenues in the future. There has been a substantial increase in the in come from that law, which was a very (j) marked departure in some respects Cj) j from the previous law. "Now when we have barely become accustomed to that law, it is proposed tn ctnrf an innnvntinn nnil brandl (J) 'out into another system of taxation, which I believe is not a sound method W ' . . j ii.. of procedure under the circumstances, and not suited to our conditions. We are in a transition state. We all un derstand the conditions of population, society and business, and our political position at the present time; and to mdertake now a radical departure, & after so recently making a very great change, seems to me unsound. & "As far as I understand the prin- j ciple or idea of the income tax, it is theoreticalH the fairest tax. It has been successfully applied in England and some of the colonies, where con ditions are different. In England, with a great population and comparatively a small area, and with a machinery of government unexcelled on the earth, they have been able to carry out the system' fairly well. In New Zealand, with a homogeneous population of 700,000 people, with the best of condi tions as to education and development of the country, they have carried out the provisions of an income tax suc cessfully. There were great difficul ties in instituting it there. With ou? conditions it would be extremely diffi cult to carry out such a law and have it work fairly and justly. "In regard to the policy of the Gov ernment in this matter, that has been clearly and distinctly announced, through the message of the President to the Legislature at its opening, which is as follows: 'The operation of the tax law of 1896 produced in the main satisfactory results, and while it gave rise to litigation, it is now more fully understood, and its administration in the future will undoubtedly meet with but little opposition. For this reason, and also on account of a desire that all legislation should follow conserva tive lines, the Exeucutive .have decid ed not to introduce and new measure for the purpose of increasing the rev enues. "I will in this connection remark upon the matter of the policy of the Executive. It has been stated in this house, and it has been published in the local press, that one of the diffi culties of the work in the Legislature at this Session, one reason for the delay in its work, has been on account of the lack of policy on the part of the Government. It seems to me that those statements have been made rather thoughtlessly, and without basis in fact, because in the message of the President the policy of the Gov ernment was announced very clearly on the more important matters which are before the country. In the first place, the policy was announced in regard to the political status, with reference to our relations with the United States; next came the matter of public improvements, the policy of the Government in regard to which was clearly stated. Then in regard to education, revenue, consolidation of the public debt, cable communica tion,, forestry, sanitation, and the ap propriation bills. On all the main, es sential matters for the administration of the Government for the next two years, a clear and definite policy has been announced in the message, the Appropriation Bill and on the floor of both Houses, and is being followed. It seems to the Executive that under existing conditions it would be a mis- take to exchange for the present sys tem of taxation a new, untried and experimental system. "I therefore support most heartily the motion to indefinitely postpone tha present bill, which would set us adrift on the sea of experiment." AFTERNOON SESSION. At 2:10 o'clock there was still no Quorum in the House. Rep. Kaeo moved to adjourn. The Speaker stated that he thought it would be better for the House to adjourn for three months and allow the members to go back to their homes rather than to keep put ting off work by the tardiness of mem bers. House Bill 8, Income Tax Act, was taken up for consideration. Rep. Ka haulelio moved that the bill be laid on the table. Lost by a vote of 6 to 7. Under suspension of rules Rep. Robertson presented the report of the Judiciary Committee on Senate Bill! 27 relating to tne jurisdiction or tne First Circuit in certain civil cases. The report recommended the Senate Bill be laid on the table. A substitute bill was presented and read first time by title while the report was laid on the table to be considered with the bill. Some of the members kept walking out into the hall and frequently there were calls of "no quorum." Rep. Oear evidently became tired of this kind of thing and moved to adjourn. This was carried by a vote of 6 to 5. Royal makes the food pure, wholesome and delicious. r r PSWOEf! Absolutely Puro povai eoNj rrw?fa eo.. Ntwvrw. SPAIN IS ALL Political Intrigue Old PORTO RICO Spain's Fleet Has Cone Home Reconcentraios Starving American Army to Operate in Cuba Admiral Dewey Reports That AH is Well in Manila. U. S. S. CHARLESTON HAS SAILED Transports Probably Miss Hawaii End Must Como Soon Civil War Defies Authority of Italy. BOMBARDMENT OF SAN JUAN. WASHINGTON, May 13. Admiral Sampson, with nine warships, bombarded the San Juan forts. Reports from Port Au Prince state that the Iowa fired the first shot; the Indiana followed. The forts were laid in ruins within a few minutes. A slight response was made by the batteries to the Amer ican fire. The town of San Juan then surrendered. The Consuls and several thousand residents lied to the interior. ; The cruiser Yale captured the Spanish steamer Rita. DEWEY'S OPERATIONS. HONGKONG May 13. n. M. S. Linnet, which was detailed to watch the operations at Manila, has returned to Hongkong. Her captain has reported to the British Government that Ad miral Dewey is unwilling to bombard the city of Manila. He hopes to starve the garrison into subjection. The Spaniards defy him, and declare they have ample food stores placed be yond the range of the warships' guns. Admiral Dewey telegraphs that he still maintains the blockade of Manila. He also states that he has secured the breechloaders from the sunken Spanish vessels at Manila, and a quantity of arsenal stores. SUICIDE OF A SPY. WASHINGTON, May 13. A man named George Downing, who was arrested at Washington on suspicion of being a Spanish spy, committed suicide. AMMUNITION FOR ADMIRAL DEWEY. WASHINGTON, May 12. The cruiser Charleston, taking a supply of ammunition for Admiral Dewey's squadron, has sailed. CAPTURED STEAMERS RELEASED. WASHINGTON, May 12. The American Prize Court has ordered the release of the Spanish steamer Miguel Jover, cap tured off Havana. The Prize Court at Key . West has con demned the capture of the Spanish steamer Buena Vestura, and ordered her release. BRITISH SUBJECTS IN MANILA. The Cable Company is advised for the information of peo- , pie in New Zealand who have relatives and friends in the Philippines, that II. M.'s Linnet has arrived at Hongkong from Manila, and reports that all the British subjects in Manila are safe. The message adds that further news may be expected later on. GERMAN AVARSHIPS FOR MANILA. BERLIN, May 12. The German Government has despatch ed four warships to Manila, with a view of conserving the in terests of German subjects. A SPANISH PROTEST. LONDON, May 12. Senor Bonilla, the Spanish Consul-Geu-eral at Montreal, has protested to the British Government against the sale and transport of sulphur in Canada intended for America. It is claimed that sulphur is a contraband of war. AMERICAN TROOPS FOR TIIE PHILIPPINES. WASHINGTON, May 12. General Merritt, who goes as Commander-in-Chief of the American army for the occupation of the Philippines, takes as a first installment 1500 troops. The first transport vessels to be employed are the steamers Australia and City of Peking, whilst the City of Sydney sails next week. THE STATE OF SPAIN. MADRID, May 12. The whole of Spain is now under mar tial law. The bread riots are spreading, and the looting of business places has become general. CAPE VERDE SQUADRON. MADRID, May il. The Cape Verde squadron is at Cadiz. WASHINGTON, May 11. The American war authorities, on learning of the position of the Cape Verde squadron, de cided to land a force in Cuba on Tuesday. Mr. Long, Secretary of the Navy, doubts the accuracy of the BUT BEATEN and Wild Rioting in Madrid. IS CAPTURED 5.' r ?