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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, JUNE IS, 1S9S.
THE PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser. W. N. ARMSTRONG EDITOR. SATURDAY JUNE IS. lNL'KKASiN(i THE VA!ES. The proposed law requiring that one half the labor to be done under Gov ernment contracts shall be awarded to Hawaiians and Europeans, that is the Portuguese, will considerably in crease the cost of work, we are inform ed, and therefore increase the rate of taxation. It is the Portuguese mainly and not the natives, who desire employment, for the natives do not eagerly ask for it. The condition of many of the Portu guese is unfortunate. They have come into the town, instead of remaining in the country. They find that the Asia tics fix 'the price of labor, and with their large families find it almost impossible to live on plantation -wages. Worse than all, from this aspect of the case, we steadily continue to educate their children to the strong desire for better things, and at the same time, entirely neglect educating them in the way of getting these better things and we push them against the Asiatics. This bad state of things seems to make it necessary to do some danger ous legislation in the way of discrimi nating in their favor. It may be expedient to pay 'the Por tuguese laborers higher wages.in the Government service, simply .because they must be taken care of, but the better and reasonable way would be to provide a method of helping many of these laborers to emigrate to the other Islands, and aid them in getting homes of their own. It does the community great harm, so long 4 as industrious Portuguese are compelled to pay enor mous rents on Punchbowl, for land they cannot purchase. It creates jus tifiable discontent, and forces them to demand the highest wages. If these people were thorougly organized poli tically, they would make themselves felt. It is the duty of the dominant party to see to it, they do not become discontented through injustice. The theory of taxing the people in order to pay extra wages, is not a good one, but it is necessary, if there is no other way to provide employment for the idle who desire work but cannot get it. j modified his purpose to sink every i American war ship, with its crew, ; if he can do so. He does not ask that the horrors of war he suspended. But he renews for a moment on the eve of the twentieth century, the senti ments of chivalry, which made the romances of the dark ages. This one touch of nature, this sus pending of battle, for a moment, in order to salute a daring act of courage and self sacrafice, will have an effect on the American mind that is inestim able. The Governor of Manila, by his foolish proclamation, roused the hatred of every loyal American. The act of the Spanish Admiral now makes it impossible for the American people or their forces to regard all of the Span ish people as ignorant and cruel demons. Not an officer of the Ameri can fleet will permit the Spanish offi cers to out do him in the amenities or courtesies of war, although the ten sion of the fighting attitude will not be relaxed for a moment. THE INCOME TAX. If the members of the Legislature would read up a little on the numerous discussions of the merits of the income tax in England and America, they would get some valuable information on-the subject. Mr. Gladstone, speaking of this in come tax said: "I believe it does more than any other tax to demoralize and corrupt the people." Lord Beacons field said in Parliament: "The odious features of this tax cannot by any means be removed or modified." Prof. Tborold Rogers, M. P. and Professor of Political Economy, in Ox ford, said in 1SS4: "Nobody defends the income tax. Every Chancellor of the Exchequer has condemned it in principle, and has continued it in prac tice." And the Supreme Court of the United States (116 N. S. It. 631) says: "Any compulsory discovery, by ex torting the party's oath or compelling the produltion of his private books and papers to convict him of a crime or to forfeit his property, is contrary to the principles of a free government. It is abhorrent to the principles of an Englishman. It is abhorrent to the instincts of an American. It may suit the nurposes of despotic power, but it cannot abide the pure atmosphere of political liberty and personal freedom." Neither Gladstone or Disraeli or tne Supreme Court of the U.nited States have any weight with some members of the Legislature, but their words might be taken as very meek sugges tions to the members of it, that the statesmen and judges, of the great Anglo-Saxon race have no use for this system of taxation, however excellent it may be in theory. ADMIRAL CEIIVERA'S CHIVALRY. The chivalrous act of Admiral Cer vera in sending a flag of truce to Admiral Sampson, in recognition of the bravery of the men who navigated the Merrimac into the channel of San tiago and there sank her, vrill be a swift wave of oil running from the Atlantic to the Pacific over the angry waters of American indignation against Spanish cruelty. It will not stop the deep and irresistible ground swell of purpose to end Spanish rule in Cuba, but it will quell the angry foam that flies from the wave tops. All the world admires a chivalrous act, even if it is trifling or insincere. The people, the mass, the crowd, are instantly touched by kindness, and ' even over-estimate its value. Admiral Cervera has yielded no point. He has acepted no compromise. He has not SU11DAY SERVICES. Central Union Church, corner Bere- tania and Richards streets. Douglas I. Birnie, minister. 9:oo a. m., bun dav school and Bible classes: 11:00 a. m., public worship and sermon, "What Sort of Men and Women are needed Todav." 3 n. m.. Junior Endeavor meeting; 6:30 p. m., Y. P. S. C. E. Prayer meeting 7:30 p. m., Baccalau reate sermon to class of '98 Oahu Col lege. "Wednesday, 7:30 p. m., prayer meeting. Palama Chapel, 9:4o a. m., Sunday school; 7:30 p. in. Gospel ser vice. Friday, 7:30 p. m., prayer meet ing. A welcome for all at every ser vice. St. Andrew's Cathedral, Second Con gregation The Rev. Alexander Mac kintosh will preach at both services of the Second Congregation tomorrow. At the 9:45 o'clock service in the morning, the choir of ladies and gen tlemen will render the music and at the 6:30 o'clock service in the even ing, the surpliced choir of Hawaiian will render a full choral service. All seats are free and everybody welcome. Methodist Episcopal Church, corner Beretania and Miller streets. G. L. Pearson, pastor. Public worship to morrow as follows: Preaching 11 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday school, 10 a. m.; Epworth League, 6:14 p. m. Praye meeting at 7:30 p. m., Wednes day. A Welcome always to all. Seats free. , e Christian Church, corner King and Alakea streets. Preaching morning and evening by T. D. Garvin. Morn ing theme: May a Christian go to War?" Evening theme: "The 6th Act in the Divine Drama." Sunday School, 9:45 a. m.; Young People's meeting, 6:30 p. m.; Prayer meeting, Wednesday, 7:30 p. in.; Women's pray er meeting, Friday, 2:30 p. m. "Come and we will do thee good." Seats free. Seventh Day Adventist Public ser vice held today, and every Sabbath, (Saturday) in the Arion hall, at the rear of the Opera House, from 10 a. m. to 12 m. First hour occupied by Sab hath School. A cordial invitation extended to all at every service. e Young Men's Christian Association: Gospel meeting at 4 o'clock Sunday afternoon. Praise and song service led by Devotion Committee. Bible class at 5 o'clock. Salvation Army Over I X L . Store. Adjutant and Mrs. Simonson in charge. Meetings every evening at 8 p. m., ex cept Tuesdays; Sunday at 7 and 11 a. m. and 7:30 p. m.; Friday evening and Sunday 11 a. m., holiness meeting. WORLD'S RECORD BEATEN. On SundayMay 30, 1898, C. M. Smith of San Jose, on a White Bicycle, rode five miles in the remarkable time of nine minutes and one second, reducing the previous world's record of nine minutes and twenty-four seconds, twenty-three seconds. Pacific Cycle and M'f'g. Co., agents. THIS DAY. Auction Sale -OF- HORSES On Saturday, June 18th, AT 12 O'CLOCK NOON, At the Stable of Jas. I. Dowsett, Queen Street, I will sell at public auction about 25 HEAD OF HORSES, MARES AND COLTS. Jas. F. Morgan, AUCTIONEER. IMMIGRATION ACT (Continued i'rom Page 1.) and moved that the provision just mention and inserted in the second reading of the bill, be stricken out. He did not believe that it was a good thing to have the bill appear on the statutes "with such a provision. It certainly would look very much like discrimination against Asiatics and such thing was not good policy m a matter of the kind. The motion of the Attorney-General was seconded by Minister Damon who said that the- Chinese and Japanese were destined to become a very important factor in the affairs of the Islands. As loner as they were treated as they should be they would certainly do what was right but as soon as they found they were being discriminated against they would retaliate and they would be no mean factor. Rep. Richards said that class legis lation in this matter did not bother him a little bit. Up on Hawaii white men were in the habit of taking con tracts and then giving the work to .Tananese who did not half do what was expected. Certainly he would not vote to have the clause stricken out of the section. He believed it would do great good on Hawaii. Rep. Robertson called the attention of the Ministers to the fact that only fiftv ner cent of the labor was reserv ed for Hawaiians, Americans and Eu ropeans. He did not see that the Asiatics had any room; for complaint when fifty per cent was reserved for them. If any complaint was to be made it would certainly be on the side of the Hawaiians, Europeans and Am ericans. It was sought to bring up various items that had been referred but the motion to adjourn was made. There were four votes on each side, the Speaker deciding the matter by vot ing in the affirmative. House adjourned at 4:20 p. m. GIVEN To every purchaser of a 30 cent box, containing three cakes of EGG WHITE SOAP, we will give free a beuatiful picture worth twice the price of the soap. WHITE Nothing else like it. Makes the skin white and .as smooth as velvet. Equal to any 25 cent soap on the market. Single Cake for 10 cents. Perfumed with delicate odor from French Flowers. Leaves a sweet re fined odor made from the sweetest ma terials obtainable. The grandest soap for the toilet and complexion. TIMELY TOPICS! WE ARE Leading in All the 7 June i7, i8q8. ; ooo 1 o o NoveltieSo b ooo As this is the season of wedding festivities,we wish to call attention to our stock of Silverware. In Sterling goods we carry a full line of SPOONS AND FORKS, SOUP LADLES. OYSTER FORKS. COFFEE AND TEA SPOONS, In Plated Ware: TEA SETS. CRUMB TRAY AND BRUSH. COFFEE. TEA, CHOCOLATE AND EGG SPOONS. BERRY, PIE, FISH, AND BUTTER KNIVES. A handsome line of Carvers. Those using EGG WHITE SOAP will not suffer from chapped face or hands. . SAMPLE Cake given free on appli cation. Came early as the supply of handsome pictures is limited. WE ARE SOLE AGENTS. You incur no risk of infe riority in buying these goods as we guarantee them to be strictly up to the standard. 8 Hill 11 Limited. 307 FORT ST. IK fi. THE SI LIFE ASSURANCE 0. OF CANADA. Summary of the. Annual Report for 1837: New Life Applications re ceived during 1897. . .$16,292,754.92 Increase over 1S9G 5,182,402.73 Cash Income for year end ing 31st Dec, 1897... 2.238.S94.74 Increase over 1S96 352,630.74 Assests at 31st December, 1S97 7,322,371.44 Increase over 1896 934,226.78 Reserve for Security of Policyholders 6,856,752.98 (According to Ilm. Four per cent. Table.) Increase over 1896 924,552.50 Surplus over all Liabili ties, except Capital... 314,220.13 (According to Ilm. Fnr per cent. Table.) Surplus over all Liabili ties and Capital Stock 583,271.98 (According to Canadian Govt. Standard, Ilm. 42 per cent.) Surplus over all Liabili ties, except Capital.. 6SS,272.00 (Accordins to Canadian Govt. Standard, 4Vs per cent.) Claims Paid during 1S97.. 463,674.37 Bishop & Co., Bankers AGENTS. HONOLULU, H. I. J. H. PORTEOUS, Inspector. REAL AND WASH VEILS, LADIES' SHIRT WAISTS. Silks, Laces, Lawns and Organdies, Silk Mulls. B F EHLERS & C O Fort Street. 0 " st o 3 o Hollister & Co.lmportClgarsdirect from Havana 0 0 0 Hollister & Co.'" Ciears ,iirrc? from ,f" 2 Hollister & Co.,np&,JSS!1 Cii:ar5 d,,cct fron' ,h $ Si. 2 Hollister & qqj' Hollister & Oo.,mpl5c?ohrfeIinTobacfOSdirectfrora,t" o 3EEolliStjI" CO mport nu direct rom the. Factories 0 o Hollister & Co. o o 0 Import Three B Pipes direct from the Fac- '. tory in London. JJolllSter CO av avana anc Man,'a Cigars in Bond. HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO. Steam Engines, BOILERS, SUGAR MILLS, COOLERS, BRASS AND LEAD CASTINGS. And machinery of every description made to order. Particular attention paid to ship's blacksmithing. Job work executed on the shortest notice. 0 0 5 Hollister & Co.Are tobacconists. Hollister & Co.Are Located at Corner of Fort & Merchant Sts. & fi vi """-ii WHOOPINO COUGH, CROUI. ASTHMA, CATARRH, COLDS. CRESOLENE beirift administered 1y inhalation., Kives the safest and most effectual means r.f treat ing the throat and bronchial tribes. Its efficiency ia Whooping CouRh anu Croup is wonderful, lis anti septic virtues render it invaluable in cor.,tagtot -diseases, as Diphtheria, Scarlet Fever, etc. Ins criptive booklet with testiiEcnialt free. Sold t-j druggists. , HOLLISTER DRUG CC.Honcluia, H. Igeats. Buttermilk Soap Has gained a larger measure of popularity to the vears it has been on the market than any other soap made. It is the Highest Stand ard of Quality in every de tail and particular. You cannot be too cau tious about the quality of soap used on your face or hands. Manv of the so- called "purity" face soaps are nothing more than a mixture of harmful ingredients put up in an attractive wrapper to sell at sight. enson, Smith & LIMITED Fort and Hotel Streets, BUTTERMILK TOILET SOAP Over 1,000,000 Ladies who have used it pronounce it the Best Soap in the World For the Complexion. Excel any 25c. Soap. Ask your dealer for It. l'ull izc sample, 12 cents. Beware of imitations. Cosmo Buttermilk Sosp Co. 84 AoAmm Stmit, CHICASO c o jll jfj j flf 0! I 1J El feo IJlIO 0 i 1 LJUU 0 For the a iioi M 4 1 il(Ui The entire stock will be offered at HALF PBIOB FOE, ONE WEEK ONLY. Now is your time to buy. Don't fail to call and examine the goods. This is the opportunity of a lifetime. All are cordially invited. k n n szzzk r? VwjC;' 3&3 jgisr tnsy y y fcgaST' C3 r FI rS23s pgZSZS?!:. SIVS? ( I si -23 t