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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADUTISER: HONOLULU, DECEMBER. 51, 1S9S."
THE PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser. W. N. ARMSTRONG EDITOR SATURDAY DECEMBER 31. hampeuim; the wjveunok. Tn the debate on the Hawaiian Ter ritorial bill now before the Senate, an attempt was made to strike out the provision giving power to the Gover nor to appoint territorial officers, but it was not successful. The Commissioners in reviewing the situation here, and now the Senators, see the necessity of a strong execu tive here. Of course this is not the doctrine of popular sovereignty, but it ds the lesson of a century of experi ence. If the people are not to have it all their own way, then give the one who is to govern them some power to keep them in line. 'President Dole's theory of surround ing the Governor with advisers is one that experience condemns. Unless executive power i3 concentrated in one person, it is. a miserable, halting affair. Share responsibility between men and in a crisis, the first thing they do is to "get between each other's legs," and make confusion. President Dole's theory of protecting the people against executive wickedness was that of the French doctrinaires in 1792 who divided the power between several consuls. Bonaparte came along and went through it like a foot ball wedge. There has not been a large charita ble, or educational, or business insti tution that has made any marked suc cess until it has kicked out President Dole's theory of distributing the exe cutive power. The ruin of scores of railway corporations is simply due to this, theory of guarding the executive power. No one man masters the situ ation, if he is at the mercy of several other men who have not mastered it. After all the conduct of government is controlled by public opinion, irre pective of laws. Bad Jaws and an in efficient or corrupt executive are due to the indifference or selfishness of the public. The most elaborate system of safeguards in public or private con cerns are rubbish unless there is a sentiment that enforces them. The problems to be solved in these Islands are moral and not legal. An executive is needed here who will do more than merely execute laws, one who has the gift and purpose of fusing In harmony the lives of this mixed pop ulation. This is, however, a merely ideal speculation. The actual execu tive will be, sooner or later, one who is in touch with the people, even if he stoops very low to make the touch and keep it. President Dole's theory .of limiting the executive power has been tried by several cities of the Mainland, and in every case, if we recollect rightly, has proved a failure. THE CROWN LANDS. There will be in all probability, some settlement by Congress of the claim of Liliuokalani upon the crown lands. It may be a generous one. The assets of these Islands received by the Unit ed States are large, and there will be little disposition in Congress to be mean about the terms' of setllement. While Congress will not for an in stant, disapprove of the overthrow of the -Monarchy, and will technically hold that the crown lands belong to the Government, it will be disposed to regard the ex-Queen as a woman who did not understand the situation, and sinned in ignorance. Moreover, when ever the. matter is thought on, there will be a sentiment that anyone who stands up for his "rights" is entitled to respect even if he is in the wrong. Any Anglo-Saxon with the legal rights and privileges possessed by the ex Queen on January 1st, 1S93, would have made a stout fight to maintain them. This is the view that the majo rity of men in Congress will .take of the matter. Aside from this, a failure to settle the claim might involve the rigLt to the crown lands in protracted litigation, and keep many of the sugar enterprises in abeyance until the Supreme Court at Washington passed upon the right. THE SPANISH TREATY. The Senate will ratify the Paris treaty made between the United States and Spain. The ratification of it will not indicate what the policy will be regarding the disposition of the con quered territory. When a baby is left on the door step of a respectable fam ily at midnight, the first act on dis covering it is to take it in, and keep it warm. The disposition of the in fant is a matter for subsequent con sideration. The Senators who are op posed to expansion see the pressing necessity of closing out relations with Spain. A refusal to ratify the treaty would create widespread confusion, and establish anarchy in the conquer ed lands. Even Senator Hoar will rote for ratification, because it is the wisdom of. the hour to do so. He with other anti-expansionist3 will treat the case as- it comes before them, dealing only with accomplished facts. Hall Caine says the American people do not treat the question of expansion as a serious one. That is to some ex tent, a correct comment. Men become serious only when really confronted with difficulties. "Whipping a fifth rate power like Spain," as Admiral Miller says, is not a serious business. The really serious side of the case will appear when the business side of it appears, and the illusions are dispell ed, whatever they may be. One thing is certain. The ratifica tion of the treaty will end the unwise rule of Spain over some millions of human beings. That is th? great event of the year. It is to the credit of the Anglo-Saxon race, and the American branch of it especially, that it has been done. It may be even true that Spain governed these many islands bet ter than they could govern themselves. She maintained some kind of civil or der. But the hour came, in the evolu tion of the world's peoples, for her to retire, because in some way, better rule could be established over them. And so she now retires in this year A. I). 1898. THE PASSING HOUR. "Control of the Pacific" sounds well, but it means that there must be legis lation encouraging the merchant ser vice. President McKinley is not losing any votes in suggesting that he would like to have Archbishop Ireland take a jaunt to Manila. Since war finances have been pub lished and war ship prices paraded, the reasons for the Czar's desires for a uni versal disarmament are quite apparent. The decision of Japan's financiers to borrow abroad instead of increasing taxes at home rather analyzes as a po litical stroke when it is known the country carries heavy obligations. It has been a mighty interesting year for Honolulu and all of Hawaii. It may be extravagant, but probably it is not entirely out of season to wish that '99 may have all of the happiness without any of the penalties of '9S. Admiral Dewey says the Filipinos are not capable of governing them selves. Gen. Shatter says the Cubans are not capable of governing them selves. What an amount of opening there is in this day for American en ergy and training. . It comes from Tacoma that the steamships City of Columbia and Cen tennial are to be "withdrawn" from the Honolulu trade because there are no "return cargoes." .The Columbia could carry back a pretty good load of claims if she was made seaworthy and released by libellants. It .may easily be accepted that the reports of marked disorder at the cen ters of population in the 'new posses sions" are greatly exaggerated. It will be recalled that in 1893, for instance, most disquieting reports of affairs were sent from Honolulu when, as a matter of fact, the town was tranquil. The sister of Gen. Gordon objects that Gen. Sir Herbert Kitchener wishes the Khartoum College to be non-sectarian. In fact Kitchener contends that no matter what the curriculum, the institution must religiously be Mus sulman. Kitchener will win, but bis declaration has put him on the defen sive for the first time in his remarkable career. - Reports have been received here from officials in New Zealand detailing the slaughter of cattle responding to the test for tuberculosis. Now the Prince of Wales says that Queen Victoria has caused the slaughter of some of her prize cows because they had been dis covered to have tuberculosis. Still there are people here who protest against ttm enforcement of tubercular protection by the Hawaiian Board of Health. WIELAND BEER. The celebrated Wieland Beer, strict ly pure liquors, cordials, etc., of the highest class can always be found at the Commercial Saloon, Beretania and Nuuanu streets. P. Ryan, manager. Band Engagement. On. this Saturday afternoon k-z) the Government band will pla at Emma Square. Tomorrow, begiv, at 3 o'clock, a New Year's conc-ertfjj ui- given at Makee Island. The programs follow: AT EMMA SQUARE. Terrible Pains In tho Stomach Dreadful Head aches Faco and Neck Covered . With Boils-Cured by Hood's Sar- saparilla Skin is Now Clear. " I was covered wit h boils all over my face and neck. I had dreadful headaches and pains in my stomach. I took medicines, Marcn Holidays Beyj Overture Ivan Con rem Finale II Trovatore ..... Verd-'ut wa3 not mucn benefited, and I pro Reminiscences of All Nations". .Godfrevured six bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla. March Aloha Pau to the Old Year "Vfter taking the first bottle I could see an Berger nprovement. When I had taken a few Hawaii Ponoi. The Star Spangled Banner. AT MAKEE ISLAND. PART I. The Old Hundred. Overture Festival Bach Andante Surprise Symphony ..Haydn Torchlight Procession March Meyvrbeer International Musical Congress .Sousa PART II. Cornet Solo The Eight of the World Adam Mr. Charles Kreiuer. Overture Mozart Suppe Miserere II Trovatore Verdi Finale Greeting to the New Year. Hall The Star Spangled Banner. ARE YOU To look at the finest and most com plete line of holiday goods ever im ported into the Hawaiian Islands? If so we shall be pleased to offer the ser vices of one of our obliging clerks to show you the goods. TIME NO OBJECT. . The goods were purchased by our Mr. Barthrop, who has recently re turned Irom a tour among the lead ing makers throughout the United States. 1 In quality and price we are leaders.1 COME AND SEE We have a line of fine leather goods that embraces almost every thing useful made of leather at prices astonishingly low. IN CELLULOID GOODS our line will astonish, you. FANCY GLASS BOTTLES. We lead our competitors. PERFUMERY is our forte. Our line of Palmer's, Lazell, Dalley & Co., Lund borgs, Colgate, Pinauds, RIgand & Co., Roger & Gallet, is complete. ore bottles the boils had all gone, my 'n was clear, my appetite returned , and 1 health was entirely restored. I am likful I ever found such a blood puri Ss Hood'u Sarsaparilla. I paid out a deal of money for useless medicines If vim, Hurlock, Maryland. u decide to trv Hood's SarsaDarilla do n in(juce(i tQ buv anv other. Sarsaparilla in fact the Oih True r.!onl Puri fier. P.e s to cet u- i.rice ?1 six fl)r5 SHbocFs Is the II Hnnfl'n'1l are the only pills to take i 1WU -PlllS With Hood's Sarsuparilla. TIMlLY TOPICS Member 19, 1898. A FE MORE KANDqME GOODS. Honolulu, Oahu. Hllo. Haw. BRUCE WARING & CO. Dealers in Lands. Investment Brokers. Fire Insurance Agents. CHOICE BUSINESS and Residence Properties for Sale. ELEGANT LOTS on Punchbowl Slope with fine marine Tiew A BEAUTIFUL MODERN RESIDENCE on Green street. Acer grounds. Splendid view. Choice neighborhood. , t A CHOICE RESIDENCE AT PUNAHOU. Large grounds convemei w Tram Cars. LOTS AND HOUSES at "Buena Vista," Nuuanu Valley. BUSINESS PROPERTIES Centrally located. Lota on Maklki street. HOME LOTS IN KEWALO TRACT. Houses built for purchaser o l installment plan. STORES AND OFFICE, (single or in suite) in "Progress Bloc. RESIDENCE LOTS at Puueo. Villa Franca, and Reed's Island, HUO. LOANS NEGOTIATED. Insurance Written and Mercantile Risks. on Residence Last wee We spoke of B & H Lamp We are more than pleased Mth the sale we have had on tese goods last week, as it got to show that our efforts on ehalf of, our patrons is fullappreciated. This week weire desirous of calling your aention to a handsome line of ART MIRRORS, ART VASES, ART PITCHES, ART CANDLE SICKS. These goods are vithout exception the most hadsome line ever brought befre the public of Honolulu. The Scounse Mirror are the very best beveled late glass set in the latest :re ation artists of the hig.est order can conceive and ar of a large variety of designs. . What we have said of t.e Mirrors also applies to th assortment of We invite Inspection of properties. BRUCE WARING & CO. Offices: 7 and 8, Progress Block mm Occident and Orient I ooo- BOTH ENDS MEET AT HOLLISTER & CO.'S TOBACCO STOKE. -OOO Havana and Manila Cigars Just Received ex- Stmrs. Belgic and Australia. Corner Foit and Merchant Streets. vases : and : pitciiers For a Christmas Gift Select lie. Within the last year or so the fad of using candle sticks is again in vogue, with the exception that at the present day the designs are much prettier than those used in the last century. It is no uncommon thing today to step into the best fur nished houses and find these Art Candle Sticks displayed in some cosy nook around the house. Our assortment of these goods consists of sev eral patterns. t lii Limited. 307 FORT ST. Maile Colo gme. (WITHOUT A, RIVAL.) m 1 ULIL U TOIiRT SRTS TOILET il From American, French and English Makers. WATERS Benson, Smith & Co. L.IMITED- Fort and Hotel Streets. If III tin l t t t t t THE BALANCE OF THE STOCK HAVING ARRIVED, WE ARE NOW PREPARED TO SELL AT THE FOLLOWING PRICES: Fine White Dress Goods, jets, a yard; Fine Printed Nainsooks, jcts. a yard; French Organdies, io cts. a yard; Heavy Flannelettes, new patterns, iocts a yard; Fine French Organdies, 15 yards, $1.00; Victoria Lawns, 32 inch wide, 10 yards yjcts. All other goods at proportionate Prices. 000 OLLS and IOVS- At your own price. The whole Stock must be cleared. TOYS sat-icf DO tremendous bargains in gvi ILLINE FY, being the very latest Styles selected from a fashionable Regent Street, London, Stock -000 SAILOR HATS, the Latest Style, $1.25 each. TABLE LINEN AND NAPKINS at Bargain Prices. r, ,,.r . rrnTT'DT a ntrTvpr? PAD AND BLANKETS . miist ho cai . J - . . ,-,-rTT-r'TX-iC 4 X'TV DTT.T lW . A Sr.S TVlll hA Krtln AT o r n 3 1 LIFETIME. EMBRACE IT. Ready Mad CLOTIUNG, COLLARS and CUFFS, NECKTIES and a Com plete Stock of UNDERWEAR vrlll be cleared at any price, as we are going out of the business. S3 o Oood