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a- n i THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, JANUARY 1S09. ! J II i I? THE PACIFIC Commercial Advertiser. W. N, ARMSTRONG EDITOR THURSDAY JANUARY 5. KIDD'S THEORY ABOUT THE TROPICS. One of the most valuable and timely books of the last year was Benjamin fKMd's "Control of the Tropics." It presents an entirely new aspect of the relations of the nations occupy ing, the temperate zones with those occupying the tropics. The author is an Englishman and i3 employed in the India service. It is his opinion that the'United States must now look to a "World wide trade, and' that it can not "remain indifferent to the condition of the countries, especially the tropi cal ones, with which it must establish close trade relations. Mr. Kidd was recently asked by the editor of the Atlantic Monthly, what attitude the United States should take towards the formation of colonies, keeping in view the principles of self government that underlie American institutions. Mr. Kidd says the Amer icans must answer that question them selves. But he reiterates what he has clearly said in his book that the tropi cal possessions of the United States cannot be colonies, because the inhab itants of the United States cannot emi grate to and live in the tropics. He insists that "the white man can never -be acclimatized in the tropics," and, consequently, the inhabitants of the Jtropical possessions must continue to be their natural inhabitants. The pos sessions, 'he claims, must be governed by the United States, as a trustee for civilization. If it is urged that such a government will be an abandonment of the principles of self government, 2ie replies, "What of it? What nation i9 consistent in its creed and prac tice?" His proposition regarding the ac climatization of the white race in the tropics ia one founded on fact. He "knows, as well as every man knows, -who has considered the matter that the possibilities of the white man in the tropics are entirely unknown. He "knows of no case where any colony of white men have made any rational attempt to colonize in the tropics, ex cepting perhaps in Queensland. As a trader or adventurer the white man nas settled in the tropics, but he has invariably attempted to surround him self with the customs and usages, es pecially the bad ones, of the northern races. There has been no reason why the farmers of the temperate zone should settle in the tropics. The in telligent farmer has invariably made a fair living at home, and as a rule, lived in comfort, and obtained the ad vantages of civilization. Even In these Islands during over 70 years of close commercial intercourse, less than 2,000 American males out of 70,000,000 of people have settled here hardly the population of a small village. The tro pics as a source of wealth for the agri cultural immigrant cannot be compar ed with the temperate zones until there has been an opening up of lands, and the establishment of good govern ment. Even then we doubt if it can be shown that there is more profit in the banana, coffee, pineapple and other industries than there is in the raising of wheat, corn, vegetables, fruit, hay and cotton. The great danger in attempting to colonized the tropics is that the idea prevails in the temperate regions that 'men can live without work where there is no frost. The only advantage which the lazy man finds in the tro pics is in the "emancipation from clothing." But the northern farmer who buys a suit once in three years, does not find the cost a heavy bur den- Accurate knowledge of the condi tions of the several parts of the world will show, in the long run, that, under proper economic laws, the struggle for existence is about the same every where. The problem of acclimatizing the white man in the tropics may, after all, be only a speculative one. There will be room enough for him in the temperate zones for centuries to come. In the United States the white an an stands in mortal fear of the yellow man, unless he can make a tool of him, so he may conclude finally to let the yellow man dominate socially in the tropics of the Pacific, and decline any general experiment of national ac climatization. AN AMERICAN ROMANCE The farewell dinner to Lord and Lady Curzon in London, an account of which appears in another column is an evidence of the changing ways of the world. The Viceroy of the vast Indian Empire; with Its 300,000,000 of people sits down to a banquet with his friends in an informal way, with his beautiful American wife to aid him. And when he speaks to these distin guished people of rank and talent, he forgets the stilted phrases and etiquet te of the Court, and tells his audience what "Mary and I" will do when they reach their new home and the Vice regal throne. What indeed would Clive and War ren Hastings have said, if when found ing this magnificent empire in the East, they had been told, that several hundred year9 afterwards in a spot in the American wilderness a thou sand mile3 from the ocean a city would ris-e, and out of it would step a beautiful girl, an American Jewess, who would share the Vice-regal throne of the empire which they had built with "blood and iron." A WISE PRESIDENT. At a dinner of the Grant Post, at the Montauk Club in Brooklyn, Dr. Stro- bridge paid this tribute to President Mc Kin ley: "Surely, it is not cant or affectation to suppose that the man who from his desk in the White House ha3 quietly, firmly and prudently directed the af fairs, is a visible and faithful expres sion of the good will of heaven toward us. When we consider how great havoc might have been wrought by mistaken or hasty leadership, we must regard it a matter of especial grati tude that we have been able to rely with assurance upon a man wise with out ostentation, patient and yet alert, aggressive yet self-contained, energetic without excitement, courteous, cour ageous, correct, with the eye of a patriot and the will of a conqueror. He stands before us so commanding, so splendid that the shafts of criticism aimed against him fall at his feet in bouquets of admiration. And today, in the esteem of the world and the af fection of his countrymen, the highest seat i3 occupied by our President, William McKinley." As the difficulties of governing the inhabitants of Cuba become more ap parent, the President's wisdom in re fusing to recognize the independence of the Cuban Government, before the war, becomes more conspicuous. Pressed and worried by the Senate to give that elusive Government standing, he alone stood steadfast and never yielded. Why Senators qualified and able to make correct judgments in poli tical affairs should have persistently urged a course that seemed then to many to be unwise, and it is now evi dent would have been most unfortun ate, can only be explained on the theory that in executive matters one head is better than many. Sewall Republican: "We want the Republican platform here, but can't it be shortened up a little on home rule?" Friend: "Yes. Give it the dog rem edy; cut off its tail behind it's ears." THE PASSING HOUR. It must be admitted that it is a real Greater Harbor that is required here now. The 1899 crop of new school houses for the Islands promises to be very large. A genuine curiosity from Manila would be a letter from a man who did not undertake to look into the future. There is put forth the platform of the American Sabbath Observance So ciety. It has not a word about Sunday band concerts. This community, as well as the pro moters of the entertainment should be proud of the financial success of the Hawaiian concert for Hawaiian bene fits. The Annexation of the Cosgrove portraits of Lincoln and Grant by Ho nolulu is a happy acquirement. Now for lectures on the lives of these great Americans. There has been selected for this pa per and is published today what is re garded as the best brief review of the assing century. The epitome is worthy close study. It will give the investigator and the observer, as well THE BALANCE OF THE The Fine WhiteDress Goods, ?cts. a yard; Fine Printed Nainsooks, sets, a yard; French Organdies, 10 cts. a yard; new patterns, iocts a yard; Fine French Organdies, 15 yards, $1.00; Victoria Lawns, 32 wide, 10 yards 7jcts. All other goods at proportionate Prices. and tremendous bargains in SAILOR HATS, the Latest Stylo, $L25 each. TABLE LINEN AND NAPKINS at Bargain "Prices. Ready Made CLOTHING, COLLARS Near Fc as the average man, some idea of how crude civilized life has been after all. WTho can say that authors are im practical people when Geo. H. de la Vergne includes in the preface to his book of sketches and poems on Hawaii, proper notice to intending emigrants on the Mainland? When Washington becomes the na tional capital of this territory, "with all data of the Islands on file there, fairy tales concerning the group will either multiply in number or become fewer, just as subjects for the scribes are plentiful or scarce. Those City of Columbia sailors cer tainly have "Great Expectations." The life of the Jack Tar i3 not a bril liantly happy or quiet existence under ordinary circumstances, but when he signs in August and is promised pay January 16 of the next year with the reservation that a crippled steamer of large size will be sold at auction in Honolulu for $23,000, life seems to have its cruelties as well as its kindness. AMERICAN MESSENGER SERVICE. Masonic Temple. Telephone 444. To look at the finest and most com plete line of holiday goods ever im ported into the Hawaiian Islands? If so we shall be pleased to offer the ser vices of one of our obliging clerks to show you the goods. TIME NO OBJECT. - The goods were 'purchased by our Mr. Barthrop, who has recently re turned from a tour among the lead ing makers throughout the United States. In quality and price we are leaders. COME AND SEE. We have a line of fine leather goods that embraces almost every thing useful made of leather at prices astonishingly low. IN CELLULOID GOODS our line will astonish you. FANCY GLASS BOTTLES. We lead our competitors. PERFUMERY is our forte. Our line of Palmer's, Lazell, Dalley & Co., Lund- borgs, Colgate, Pinauds, Rigand & Co., Roger & Gallet, is complete. SI! ARE READY fit Great Clearance STOCK HAVING ARRIVED, WE ARE NOW PREPARED TO SELL AT THE - At your own MILLINERY, and CUFFS, NECKTIES and a Com 0 Mood's Pills Favorite Cathartic It is easy to purge, but that is not what is wanted. A mild but sure and undis turbing cathartic will 6et Nature to go ing, and relieve the head, the stomach, the liver and all the organs of the body CURM from the many and dangerous evils of a clogged corporeal drainage. Hood's PUls CURE Liver Ills, sick head ache, biliousness, constipation, without purging, without pain, without violence. Liver Ills Hood's Pills are the only pills to take with Hood's Sarsaparilla. Sold by all druggists. 25c. Sent by mail on receipt of price, by C i-ood & Co., Lowell, Mas TIMELY TOPICS January 2nd, 1899. The rush and turmoil at tendant upon the approach of and during the holidays being over and peaceful quiet having once more set tled, now is the time to con sider the necessities of home. In making out your list of goods to replenish the house hold stock, do not forget your wife when driving likes to feel perfectly safe as well as comfortable and up-to-date. Nothing so detracts from the appearance of a horse as a shabby harness and equip ment. Nothing so attracts and adds to the appearance of a horse as a fine harness and equipment such as we are displaying. 1 We have received by the late steamer a full line of up-to-date Single and Double Harness, Buggy and Carriage Harness, Carriage Whips, Laprobes and Whips, Ex press Harness, Mule Team Harness, Dump Cart and Sherwood Steel Harness. We pride ourselves on having a thorough complete stock of reliable and attrac tive carriage and heavy equipments. Limited. 307 FORT ST. Sale t. M M t t 1 1 tttMttttt -000 price. The whole Stock must being the very latest Styles 000 ( THIS IS THE OPPORTUNITY OP A 1 LIFETIME. EMBRACE IT. plete Stock of UNDERWEAR will be h tH VVm n tVtt t i in He (ifi HONOLULU, OAHU. BRUCE WARING & CO. Dealers in Lands. Investment Brokers. Fire Insurance Agents. CHOrCE BUSINESS and Residence Properties for Sale. ELEGANT LOTS on Punchbowl Slope with fine marine view. A BEAUTIFUL MODERN RESIDENCE on Green street. Terrace grounds. Splendid view. Choice neighborhood. A CHOICE RESIDENCE AT PUNAHOU. Large grounds convenient to Tram Cars. LOTS AND HOUSES at "Buena Vista," Nuuanu Valley. BUSINESS PROPERTIES Centrally located. Lots on Makiki street. HOME LOTS IN KEWALO TRACT. Houses built for purchasers on the installment plan. STORES AND OFFICES (single or in suite) in "Progress Block." RESIDENCE LOTS at Puueo, Villa Franca, and Reed's Island, Hilo. We invite inspection of properties. LOANS NEGOTIATED. Insurance Written on Residence and Mercantile Risks. We Invite Inspection of properties. BRUCE WARING & GO, Offices: 7 and 8, Progress Block. Occident aod Orient ! ooo BOTH ENDS MEET AT HOLLISTER & CO.'S TOBACCO OOO- Havana and Manila Cigars Just Received ex. Stmrs. Belgic and Australia. Corner Fort and For a Maile : Colo (WITHOUT A RIVAL,) PERFD m mm j 1U1UU1 From American, French LIXIAKJ Benson, Smith & Co LIMITED Fort and Hotel Streets. Goes be cleared. selected from a fashionable TOWELS, BEDSPREADS AND SHEETINGS AND PILLOW CASES cleared at any price, as we are going HILO, HAWAII. STORE. Merchant Streets. Gift Select KJILM A KJJ and English Makers. FOLLOWING PRICES: Heavy Flannelettes, inch and DOLLS. Regent Street, London. Stock BLANKETS, must be sold at anr nrtr. -will be sold at a sacrifice. out of the business. gn SRTS TOILET WATERS On.