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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, JANUARY IS, 1S99.
o m YOUR CLOTHES, rS To 90 per cent, of the people with whom you come in daily contact, are the index of your financial- condition. 5- Therefore, no one but a very rich man can afford to wear badly fitting, badly made or shabby clothes, and since the Stein-Bloch Co. have solved the problem of finely tailored ready-to-wear-and-to-fit clothes at one-half and less than made-to-measure tailors' prices, no one needs to wear poor clothes unless he !1 desires to do so out of "pure cussedness." See the swell business 1 suits bearing this label JtSir which we are selling at from . . $12 to $25 See the handsome black clay worsted and Vicuna cutaway coats and vests . . . $27.50 I s m M. flcINERNY, Modern Clothier, rierchant and Fort Streets. Your Roof And Gutters Should be put in thorough repair before you are washed out during the heavy rains that may be expected at any time. -ooo- ' I stand ready to do any necessary repairs required. Remember the heavy storm last year that did so much damage. ooo " ' JOHN NOTT. 75-79 KING ST. Vnt'ifii i H. H- WSLLIAIMS. Undertaker and Embalmer. LOVE BUILDING, 534.-536 FORT ST. Telephone 816. Residence, 777 Fort St., 'ext Uoor Below Fort St. House. Tel S49. ra ROBERT CATTON, Engineer. Importer of 212 QUEEN ST. - - C1ATTON, NEILL Founders and Machinists. 213 Queen St., bet. Alakea and Richards Sts., Honolulu. mvlto Enquiries for Genorai Ironwork; Iron and Brass Cast ings. Ships' Blacksmiths. Cemetery Railings and Crestings Made to Order: Samples on Hand. REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. TEL. 410. , E. McINTYRE & BRO. East Corner Fort and King Streets. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN oceries, Provisions and Feed General Agents for the Sanitarium Brand or Healtn Foods. ooo New and Fresh Goods Received by Every Packet from California, Eastern States and European Markets. ; Standard Grades of, Canned Vegetables, Fnrtts and Flab. Goods Delivered to Any Part ol the City. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Bsfond Trade Solicited. P. O. BOX 145. : : : : : TELEPHONE 92. "11 I ft- I $1 m m m m COPYRlCMTtOiaSS TEL: NO. SI ft Machinery - - HONOLULU. 4 C3 AN EYE WITNESS (Continued (row First Page.) San Pod;? Battery consisted of six -inch muzzle loading cannon, nearly fitly years old, only two of which were tit for Ui(. We opened fire at 2 o'clock and by I the Spaniards hoisted the white llasr. laid down their arms and surrendered ' unconditionally, Leaving thfir dead ar.il wounded in the church. w . . T IC vas a Slgru !,o:ia UTipuou. The convent was in ruins; the church ; still stands, but it is beyond repair. It . was impossible tor me iu s.ia imr any length of time; six of the Span iards had been dead for several days and the carcasses of two bullocks they had slaughtered were poisoning the air; the smell was awful. The Spaniards certainly would hav died had they been compelled to stay miich longer in the church. They had food enough for a week longer and water they had obtained" by digging a well in one corner. Rifles anil ammu nition strewed the floor, the dead and wounded were lying where they had fallen amongst the filth and dirt. Tak ing it altogether it is beyond the pow er of my pen to describe the scene, so it must be left to the imagination. The next morning we marched on Pakoi, which fell after two-days' fight ing, and from there on for nearly three weeks it was marching and fight ing day and night, until we had cap tured or driven all the Spaniards from Bakoi, Polverine, Zapote, Las Pinas, Paranaque, Pasay and Tambo. Span ish loss 750 killed, 900 wounded and 1,500 taken prisoners to Cavite. We also captured four field pieces (Krupp) small amount of ammunition, nearly 2,000 rifles (Mauser) and Spanish Rem ingtons, with 500,000 rounds of cart ridges. We were thus enabled to equip more of our men, who hitherto had been fighting with the Bola, which is a large knife somewhat after the style of the Cuban machette, and a very ugly weapon at close quarters. We then moved on Malate, where the Span iards had thrown up a strong line of trenches, protected by the guns of San Antonio battery. . Our first line of trenches were dug about a thousand yards from the Spanish earthworks, the men laboring all night, and when morning came we were fairly shelt ered from Spanish rifle fire, although the Krupp guns of the battery, played havoc with our lines whenever they opened on us, which was nearly every night, Spaniards evidently preferring to fight in the dark. We held these trenches for three weeks under almost constant fire from the Spanish lines. The tops of the trees in our vicinity were cut clean off by their high firing. It was as much as a man's life was worth to show him self for an instant above the trenches, the distance being only COO yards be tween the lines. Often our men amused themselves by putting a hat on a stick and hoisting it a little above the trenches. It would always bring a shower of bullets from the Spaniards. One of the photos I send you is of a house that was a few yards in advance of our lines. You can see how it was riddled; it is almost im possible to put one's hand on it any place without covering bullet holes. We were losing a few men every day and not gaining an inch. It was im possible to advance in that direction on account of the natural formation of the country, there being about 500 yards of open ground in our immed iate front, a river too deep to ford ex cept in one place, which was under the guns of San Antonio battery. We al ways had these big Krupps to reckon with. You must remember it was the rainy season, the roads were rivers of mud, and the trenches were seldom without water, sometimes up to our knees, causing great suffering among the men. About this time Admiral Dewey allowed us to take two old S- inch muzzle .loading guns from the arsenal at Cavite, and after almost a week's labor we got them in position, where we were able to give the Span iards a little of their own medicine, al though we were unable to drive them from the strong position they held. Then the United States troops came over from Cavite and established Camp Dewey, First California being first in the field. In a few days they threw up a line of trenches fifty yards in advance of ours, starting at 'the' beach, and continuing inland about three-quarters of a mile. The Utah Light Hattery moved up as soon as the trenches were completed. Our troops were with drawn about a mile to the right. As the storj- goe Admiral Dewey promised the Spaniards so long as they did not begin hostilities he would not attack without giving them warning. On the night of July 31st the Spaniards opened fire on an outpost of the Penn sylvania Regiment, who responded. The reserves came up and for a short time a general engagement seemed in evitable, but, for a while the Span iards withdrew. About 11 o'clock the Spaniards again opened fire on the American lines from the San Antonio battery and extreme right. They evi dently were trying to flank the trenches, but were met with such a galling fire that they were compelled to return after two hours hard fight ing. The Americans were iying in the trenches, which contained two fet: of mud and water. It was as dark as pitch and the rain coming down in torrents. There was nothing to b seen of the enemy 'but the flash of cannon and rifts. Thus they received eir first baptism of fire, and a terrible one it was. The Spaniards waded through the swamp on the right uutil they were enabled to deliver a murderous fire down the length of the trenches, the Americans replying until their ammu nition was reduced to four rounds per man, when the Utah battery went into action, throwing shrapnel amongst the advancing Spaniards, who hastily re treated, covered by their own ar tillery. After retiring behind their earth works they kept up their fire during the greater part of the night. The "spat" of the Mauser bullet as it struck the earth of the American trenches be came a familiar sound long before morning. Lying there in the mud, fir- ing at the Hashes of cannon and rifle. so passed the weary night and dawned the dismal morning, when it was found the American los to be fifteen dead and forty-four wounded. Had the First California and the Utah Ikutery been b-.-s prompt in supporting the rcgi- meat in the trenches the loss must have been very heavy, as the Spaniards were until dislodged, in a position to : completely flank the American line, j The Spaniards kept up their artillery ; fire night after night for nearly a; wo k. The shriek of shell became so ' common that the boys felt lonesome ' for action and. had the Germans inter without it. The Spanish loss, accord- ft-red, as they had promised the ling to their own account, amounted" to ; Spaniards thev would, there is no t!,rrp hnn.1r.-Ml nn.l titfv l;i!V,1 :.nil over six hun(lre(l wounded." Ten (J before this I was down , , f which kenr me in Iwui - - - - - - x eight days, much to my regret. 1 knew the time was drawing near for the final attack on Manila and was much afraid that I would not be "in it." On the afternoon of August 12th we were notified that the licet would shell San Antonio battery at 9:30 next morn ing, and the troops would advance to occupy the city. Yotj. can well imagine with what feeling this news was re ceived. The men were all bustle and excitement, anxious to attack the eirv befnre tho w.-illf which thpv ' "" - " " , nfn t r m ji v u-mrr il-.v 5 n fTi. uaI' J - uv ilLUU.I VAk..J l'- t.x. trenches. August 13th dawned amidst a steady downpour of rain, and although very heavy, it did not dampen the spirits of the men. nor interfere with prepara tions. At 9 o'clock the order was given to advance. The First Colorado were occupying the trenches. I took up a position on the beach at the extreme left of the American lines," where I could see the fleet moving up, cleared for action. At 9:30 the first shot was fired at San Antonio battery by the Olympia, after which the firing became general. The Utah Light Battery was on my right and I could hear them pegging away for dear life. To that was added the thunder of the big guns of the fleet, also the rattle of the rapid fire and machine guns of the Callao and Rapido (captured from the Span ish) both of which had moved up far in advance of the fleet and close in shore, where they were able to enfilade the Spanish trenches. All this time the Spaniards were hammering the American trenches with their Krupps and showers of Mauser bullets, but the Spaniards could not stand the shells from the fleet or machine guns of the gun boats. The big guns of the Olym pia wrought sad havoc with the old fort, Sa-n Antonio, tearing great holes in the masonry and ripping up the new earthworks, Jjut this was nothing com pared to the deadly fire of the machine guns of the Callao and Rapido, which raked the Spanish trenches nearly a mile inland. They were able to get close in shore, as they were of light draught and the rain of bullets drove the Spaniards from their first line of trenches, after an hour of stubborn re sistance. According to Spanish report over four hundred were killed by the guns of the fleet alone, before they abandoned the outer earthworks. They carried the greater number of lead away, but many were left as they fell, presenting a terrible sight. Scrambling over the trenches I fell over a pile of bodies that evidently had been killed by the same shell. Some were headless, some without legs or arms, and some, merely the trunk left. Limbs were scattered over the torn up ground. It was a sickening sight and one not easily forgotten. The Spaniards fell back on their sys tem of trenches a short distance in rear of San Antonio, and these were so constructed that a thousand determined men could have held tliem against ten times that number. They were built of sugar bags, made of matting, filled with sand, and so arranged in parallel and flanking lines, that it would have leen almost impossible to capture them had it not been for the murderous fire of the gun' boats. All streets leading into the city were so protected by overlapping earthworks, but the Span iards were so keenly on the jump after the fall of San Antonio battery they had no time to make a decided stand at any one place. The American troops took the Spanish trenches on the run, never stopping to use their artillery except at Blockhouse Fourteen, where the Astor Battery made such a gallant charge, recapturing two of their guns which had fallen into the hands of the Spanish. The hardest fight of the day took place on the extreme right of the Am erican line, over swamp and rice fields made almost impassible by the heavy rains. Here it was that the American Volunteer showed of what stuff he is made, fighting against great odds in the open country against men behind earthworks. After the battle, a Spanish officer said that his men could stand the bul lets, but the Americans' "yell," as they charged the trenches, was too much for them. "Every Yankee was a howl ing devil." By 11 o'clock almost all of the American troops had crossed the river, bv wading or over the bridge, scrambled over the trenches, marched along the beach past the now deserted j San Antonio battery, where the Amer- J ican 1'ag was proudly flying, and were ; pressing on to the city itself. J On the parallel streets were thou- ; sands of men, eager to see the inside ' of Manila, but the Spaniards driven from the street barricades and trenches, had retreated inland and kept peppering away down the cross streets as the American troops passed. j Flanking parties were sent out and : shortly put a stop to this, but it was ' decidedly uncomfortable creeping along under the shelter of stone walls and ; fences, running across intersecting i streets and dodging the little singing Mauser bullets. 1 came in with the First California.5?, j who crossed the river under fire, ' climbed over the earthworks and marched down Calle Keal, the main street leading into the city. The side walks of this street, were covered with pools of blood, evidently from Span ish wounded, who were being carried to the hospitals inside the walls. The Californias lost two men and had a number of wounded before they reached the Luneta, where the white flag could be seen flying from the bas tion nearest the advancing troops. This flag had every appearance of a! table cloth and not over clean at that, j but it served the purpose. It was j raided a few minutes past li in answer! to the signals of the Olympia "Will j you surrender ?" and by " o'clock in the j afternoon all papers were signed.? which completed the formal surrender ; of Spanish forces in Manila. j During the bombardment the big; English cruiser Immortalite took up ai po.-.it ion between, the American am! j German ships which was very signif- i icant to say the'least. She was cleared ' doubt that she would have leen heard from in a way to convince Germany that England would not tolerate med dling on their part. The American troops were marched to different parts of the city, some tak ing possession of deserted Spanish bar racks, of which there were seven, some quartering themselves in the public buildings, and some in the Governor's and Admiral's beautiful palace on the Pasig river. Some were in private res idences and others camped in the streets, where the stone sidewalks served for beds that night and some time after, for it was not an easy mat ter to find quarters for so-many men tit short notice. . The Spanish troops wore all vlis armed and confined within the walls of the old city. For a few days the of ficers wereallowed to wear their side arms, but after several street fights had occurred, caused by their overbear ing conduct, they too were disarmed. Martial law was, proclaimed and the city policed by American soldiers. On the afternoon of the 12th I learned, although Gen. Agulnaldo was not notified, that the insurgent forces were not to be allowed to enter the city. As this was told to me in con fidence I did. not mention it to any one, but at once made up my mind to come in with the American troops. The insurgents did enter the city, at least two thousand of them, and took up positions in the suburbs which thej' held for several weeks. They were ul timately requested to retire. This they did with all the pomp of war, and now the nearest insurgent outpost is six miles from Manila. . The Filipino capital is at M0I0I03, two hours' ride on the Manila & Dagu- pan railroad, where Gen. Agulnaldo has established his seat of government and where Congress is now in session. Outside of Manila the whole of Luzon is in possession of and governed by (ien.. Agumaldo, who is commander-in-chief of an army of ten thousand men, armed with Mauser and " Remington rifles, a great many of which were cap tured from the Spaniards. The utmost cordiality exists between Generals Otis and Agulnaldo. and all me. stories or straineei relations, so freely published in the American pa pers are but fiction, which has eman ated from the? fertile brain of a space writer. ' Gen. Agulnaldo is awaiting the deci sion of the Commission at Paris. In the meantime he is keeping his army in such condition that he will" be in a position to carry on the war to the bit ter end, should they revert sto Spain. Two months ago I heard him say he would at once lay down his arms and disband his army if the Govern ment of th United States would as sure him that they intended to keep possession of the Philippines. Try the great dandruff killer and prickly heat cure. For sale at Hollister Drug Co., and 13enson, Smith & Co. The Only High Crado Baking Powder Offered at a Mod erate Prloe. . NONE SO GOOD. "0 PI mm 7 Tl PI 0 H 6 2 hrf -ifcv v- it-' 5 54 :J V FOR SALE BY Hawaiian News Co., Ld. MERCHANT STREET. V fa'"' it A' - '' V iWi $3,250 Each. 2 fine resi dence lots situate on the East side of Piikoi street, North of Lunalilo street Size of Each 96 .6x220 feet. These lots are but two and a half blocks from the car line. Perfectly level, with valuable fruit trees in abundance. Ready to be built upon. Wiii'.E.FiSHER V'f .1-- $4,2501-2 cash Balance , on time. New residence on College St., just North of Wilder Ave Contains 8 rooms and modern im provements, stable, etc. Directly opposite" the residence of H. A. Iseri berg, Esq. .x $6250 Residence adjoin ing the above. Larger lot. . Both must be seen to be appreciated. Further. particulars of WILL E. FISHER, Estate Aaent ontl Ruclioneei Rents Collected Houses to Rent, Etc. IN ROTH'S STORE, Cor. Merchant and Fort Sts. OOO 000 We have a Large As sortment of this intrinsically valu- 1 able article, which we are selling at the most reason able Figures. o o o o o o o o o o -000- ,1 J 000 E. I. JORDffl No. IOsIt 1 Fl I wish to announce to my patrons and the general public that I shall re sume my practice- in this city just a few weeks more. Those wishing to be fitted with spectacles and eye glasses should call at once. Free examina tion of the eyes. S. B. LUCAS, PARISIAN OPTICIAN. I Dove Building, - - - Fort Street. (Up Stairs.) Bab crt Lewcre. F. J. Lowrey. C. IT. Cook LEWERS & COOKE. Importers and Dealers In Lumber end Building Materials. Office, 414 Fort St. w 11 f MALTESE LACE. ) 1