THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, JANUARY IS, 1S99.
To 90 per cent, of the people
with whom you come in daily
contact, are the index of your
Therefore, no one but a very rich man can
afford to wear badly fitting, badly made or
shabby clothes, and since the Stein-Bloch Co.
have solved the problem of finely tailored
ready-to-wear-and-to-fit clothes at one-half
and less than made-to-measure tailors' prices,
no one needs to wear poor clothes unless he
desires to do so out of
See the swell business
suits bearing this label JtSir
which we are selling at from . . $12 to $25
See the handsome black clay worsted and
Vicuna cutaway coats and vests . . . $27.50
rierchant and Fort Streets.
Should be put in thorough repair before you are washed
out during the heavy rains that may be expected at any
' I stand ready to do any necessary repairs required.
Remember the heavy storm last year that did so much
ooo " '
75-79 KING ST.
H. H- WSLLIAIMS.
Undertaker and Embalmer.
LOVE BUILDING, 534.-536 FORT ST.
Residence, 777 Fort St., 'ext Uoor Below Fort St. House. Tel S49.
212 QUEEN ST. - -
Founders and Machinists.
213 Queen St., bet. Alakea and Richards Sts., Honolulu.
mvlto Enquiries for Genorai Ironwork; Iron and Brass Cast
ings. Ships' Blacksmiths. Cemetery Railings and
Crestings Made to Order: Samples on Hand.
REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. TEL. 410.
, E. McINTYRE & BRO.
East Corner Fort and King Streets.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
oceries, Provisions and Feed
General Agents for the Sanitarium Brand or Healtn Foods.
New and Fresh Goods Received by Every Packet from California,
Eastern States and European Markets. ;
Standard Grades of, Canned Vegetables, Fnrtts and Flab.
Goods Delivered to Any Part ol the City. Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Bsfond Trade Solicited.
P. O. BOX 145. : : : : : TELEPHONE 92.
TEL: NO. SI
- - HONOLULU.
AN EYE WITNESS
(Continued (row First Page.)
San Pod;? Battery consisted of six
-inch muzzle loading cannon, nearly
fitly years old, only two of which were
tit for Ui(. We opened fire at 2 o'clock
and by I the Spaniards hoisted the
white llasr. laid down their arms and
surrendered ' unconditionally, Leaving
thfir dead ar.il wounded in the church.
w . . T
IC vas a Slgru !,o:ia UTipuou.
The convent was in ruins; the church ;
still stands, but it is beyond repair. It .
was impossible tor me iu s.ia imr
any length of time; six of the Span
iards had been dead for several days
and the carcasses of two bullocks they
had slaughtered were poisoning the
air; the smell was awful.
The Spaniards certainly would hav
died had they been compelled to stay
miich longer in the church. They had
food enough for a week longer and
water they had obtained" by digging a
well in one corner. Rifles anil ammu
nition strewed the floor, the dead and
wounded were lying where they had
fallen amongst the filth and dirt. Tak
ing it altogether it is beyond the pow
er of my pen to describe the scene, so
it must be left to the imagination.
The next morning we marched on
Pakoi, which fell after two-days' fight
ing, and from there on for nearly
three weeks it was marching and fight
ing day and night, until we had cap
tured or driven all the Spaniards from
Bakoi, Polverine, Zapote, Las Pinas,
Paranaque, Pasay and Tambo. Span
ish loss 750 killed, 900 wounded and
1,500 taken prisoners to Cavite. We
also captured four field pieces (Krupp)
small amount of ammunition, nearly
2,000 rifles (Mauser) and Spanish Rem
ingtons, with 500,000 rounds of cart
ridges. We were thus enabled to equip
more of our men, who hitherto had
been fighting with the Bola, which is
a large knife somewhat after the style
of the Cuban machette, and a very ugly
weapon at close quarters. We then
moved on Malate, where the Span
iards had thrown up a strong line of
trenches, protected by the guns of San
Antonio battery. . Our first line of
trenches were dug about a thousand
yards from the Spanish earthworks,
the men laboring all night, and when
morning came we were fairly shelt
ered from Spanish rifle fire, although
the Krupp guns of the battery, played
havoc with our lines whenever they
opened on us, which was nearly every
night, Spaniards evidently preferring
to fight in the dark.
We held these trenches for three
weeks under almost constant fire from
the Spanish lines. The tops of the trees
in our vicinity were cut clean off by
their high firing. It was as much as
a man's life was worth to show him
self for an instant above the trenches,
the distance being only COO yards be
tween the lines.
Often our men amused themselves by
putting a hat on a stick and hoisting it
a little above the trenches. It would
always bring a shower of bullets from
the Spaniards. One of the photos I
send you is of a house that was a few
yards in advance of our lines. You can
see how it was riddled; it is almost im
possible to put one's hand on it any
place without covering bullet holes.
We were losing a few men every day
and not gaining an inch. It was im
possible to advance in that direction
on account of the natural formation of
the country, there being about 500
yards of open ground in our immed
iate front, a river too deep to ford ex
cept in one place, which was under the
guns of San Antonio battery. We al
ways had these big Krupps to reckon
with. You must remember it was the
rainy season, the roads were rivers of
mud, and the trenches were seldom
without water, sometimes up to our
knees, causing great suffering among
the men. About this time Admiral
Dewey allowed us to take two old S-
inch muzzle .loading guns from the
arsenal at Cavite, and after almost a
week's labor we got them in position,
where we were able to give the Span
iards a little of their own medicine, al
though we were unable to drive them
from the strong position they held.
Then the United States troops came
over from Cavite and established Camp
Dewey, First California being first in
the field. In a few days they threw up
a line of trenches fifty yards in advance
of ours, starting at 'the' beach, and
continuing inland about three-quarters
of a mile. The Utah Light Hattery
moved up as soon as the trenches were
completed. Our troops were with
drawn about a mile to the right.
As the storj- goe Admiral Dewey
promised the Spaniards so long as they
did not begin hostilities he would not
attack without giving them warning.
On the night of July 31st the Spaniards
opened fire on an outpost of the Penn
sylvania Regiment, who responded.
The reserves came up and for a short
time a general engagement seemed in
evitable, but, for a while the Span
iards withdrew. About 11 o'clock the
Spaniards again opened fire on the
American lines from the San Antonio
battery and extreme right. They evi
dently were trying to flank the
trenches, but were met with such a
galling fire that they were compelled
to return after two hours hard fight
ing. The Americans were iying in the
trenches, which contained two fet: of
mud and water. It was as dark as
pitch and the rain coming down in
torrents. There was nothing to b seen
of the enemy 'but the flash of cannon
and rifts. Thus they received
first baptism of fire, and a terrible one
The Spaniards waded through the
swamp on the right uutil they were
enabled to deliver a murderous fire
down the length of the trenches, the
Americans replying until their ammu
nition was reduced to four rounds per
man, when the Utah battery went into
action, throwing shrapnel amongst the
advancing Spaniards, who hastily re
treated, covered by their own ar tillery.
After retiring behind their earth
works they kept up their fire during
the greater part of the night. The
"spat" of the Mauser bullet as it struck
the earth of the American trenches be
came a familiar sound long before
morning. Lying there in the mud, fir-
ing at the Hashes of cannon and rifle.
so passed the weary night and dawned
the dismal morning, when it was found
the American los to be fifteen dead
and forty-four wounded. Had the First
California and the Utah Ikutery been
b-.-s prompt in supporting the rcgi-
meat in the trenches the loss must
have been very heavy, as the Spaniards
were until dislodged, in a position to :
completely flank the American line, j
The Spaniards kept up their artillery ;
fire night after night for nearly a;
wo k. The shriek of shell became so '
common that the boys felt lonesome ' for action and. had the Germans inter
without it. The Spanish loss, accord- ft-red, as they had promised the
ling to their own account, amounted" to ; Spaniards thev would, there is no
t!,rrp hnn.1r.-Ml nn.l titfv l;i!V,1 :.nil over
six hun(lre(l wounded."
Ten (J before this I was down
, , f which kenr me in Iwui
- - - - - - x
eight days, much to my regret. 1 knew
the time was drawing near for the final
attack on Manila and was much afraid
that I would not be "in it."
On the afternoon of August 12th we
were notified that the licet would shell
San Antonio battery at 9:30 next morn
ing, and the troops would advance to
occupy the city. Yotj. can well imagine
with what feeling this news was re
ceived. The men were all bustle and
excitement, anxious to attack the
eirv befnre tho w.-illf which thpv
' "" - " " ,
nfn t r m ji v u-mrr il-.v 5 n fTi. uaI'
J - uv ilLUU.I VAk..J l'- t.x.
August 13th dawned amidst a steady
downpour of rain, and although very
heavy, it did not dampen the spirits of
the men. nor interfere with prepara
tions. At 9 o'clock the order was given
to advance. The First Colorado were
occupying the trenches. I took up a
position on the beach at the extreme
left of the American lines," where I
could see the fleet moving up, cleared
for action. At 9:30 the first shot was
fired at San Antonio battery by the
Olympia, after which the firing became
general. The Utah Light Battery was
on my right and I could hear them
pegging away for dear life. To that
was added the thunder of the big guns
of the fleet, also the rattle of the rapid
fire and machine guns of the Callao
and Rapido (captured from the Span
ish) both of which had moved up far
in advance of the fleet and close in
shore, where they were able to enfilade
the Spanish trenches. All this time
the Spaniards were hammering the
American trenches with their Krupps
and showers of Mauser bullets, but the
Spaniards could not stand the shells
from the fleet or machine guns of the
gun boats. The big guns of the Olym
pia wrought sad havoc with the old
fort, Sa-n Antonio, tearing great holes
in the masonry and ripping up the new
earthworks, Jjut this was nothing com
pared to the deadly fire of the machine
guns of the Callao and Rapido, which
raked the Spanish trenches nearly a
mile inland. They were able to get
close in shore, as they were of light
draught and the rain of bullets drove
the Spaniards from their first line of
trenches, after an hour of stubborn re
sistance. According to Spanish report over four
hundred were killed by the guns of the
fleet alone, before they abandoned the
outer earthworks. They carried the
greater number of lead away, but
many were left as they fell, presenting
a terrible sight.
Scrambling over the trenches I fell
over a pile of bodies that evidently had
been killed by the same shell. Some
were headless, some without legs or
arms, and some, merely the trunk left.
Limbs were scattered over the torn up
ground. It was a sickening sight and
one not easily forgotten.
The Spaniards fell back on their sys
tem of trenches a short distance in
rear of San Antonio, and these were so
constructed that a thousand determined
men could have held tliem against ten
times that number. They were built
of sugar bags, made of matting, filled
with sand, and so arranged in parallel
and flanking lines, that it would have
leen almost impossible to capture them
had it not been for the murderous fire
of the gun' boats. All streets leading
into the city were so protected by
overlapping earthworks, but the Span
iards were so keenly on the jump after
the fall of San Antonio battery they
had no time to make a decided stand
at any one place. The American troops
took the Spanish trenches on the run,
never stopping to use their artillery
except at Blockhouse Fourteen, where
the Astor Battery made such a gallant
charge, recapturing two of their guns
which had fallen into the hands of the
The hardest fight of the day took
place on the extreme right of the Am
erican line, over swamp and rice fields
made almost impassible by the heavy
rains. Here it was that the American
Volunteer showed of what stuff he is
made, fighting against great odds in
the open country against men behind
After the battle, a Spanish officer
said that his men could stand the bul
lets, but the Americans' "yell," as they
charged the trenches, was too much
for them. "Every Yankee was a howl
ing devil." By 11 o'clock almost all of
the American troops had crossed the
river, bv wading or over the bridge,
scrambled over the trenches, marched
along the beach past the now deserted j
San Antonio battery, where the Amer- J
ican 1'ag was proudly flying, and were ;
pressing on to the city itself. J
On the parallel streets were thou- ;
sands of men, eager to see the inside '
of Manila, but the Spaniards driven
from the street barricades and
trenches, had retreated inland and kept
peppering away down the cross streets
as the American troops passed. j
Flanking parties were sent out and :
shortly put a stop to this, but it was '
decidedly uncomfortable creeping along
under the shelter of stone walls and ;
fences, running across intersecting i
streets and dodging the little singing
1 came in with the First California.5?, j
who crossed the river under fire, '
climbed over the earthworks and
marched down Calle Keal, the main
street leading into the city. The side
walks of this street, were covered with
pools of blood, evidently from Span
ish wounded, who were being carried
to the hospitals inside the walls. The
Californias lost two men and had a
number of wounded before they
reached the Luneta, where the white
flag could be seen flying from the bas
tion nearest the advancing troops.
This flag had every appearance of a!
table cloth and not over clean at that, j
but it served the purpose. It was j
raided a few minutes past li in answer!
to the signals of the Olympia "Will j
you surrender ?" and by " o'clock in the j
afternoon all papers were signed.?
which completed the formal surrender ;
of Spanish forces in Manila. j
During the bombardment the big;
English cruiser Immortalite took up ai
po.-.it ion between, the American am! j
German ships which was very signif- i
icant to say the'least. She was cleared '
doubt that she would have leen heard
from in a way to convince Germany
that England would not tolerate med
dling on their part.
The American troops were marched
to different parts of the city, some tak
ing possession of deserted Spanish bar
racks, of which there were seven, some
quartering themselves in the public
buildings, and some in the Governor's
and Admiral's beautiful palace on the
Pasig river. Some were in private res
idences and others camped in the
streets, where the stone sidewalks
served for beds that night and some
time after, for it was not an easy mat
ter to find quarters for so-many men
tit short notice. .
The Spanish troops wore all vlis
armed and confined within the walls of
the old city. For a few days the of
ficers wereallowed to wear their side
arms, but after several street fights
had occurred, caused by their overbear
ing conduct, they too were disarmed.
Martial law was, proclaimed and the
city policed by American soldiers.
On the afternoon of the 12th I
learned, although Gen. Agulnaldo was
not notified, that the insurgent forces
were not to be allowed to enter the
city. As this was told to me in con
fidence I did. not mention it to any
one, but at once made up my mind to
come in with the American troops.
The insurgents did enter the city, at
least two thousand of them, and took
up positions in the suburbs which thej'
held for several weeks. They were ul
timately requested to retire. This they
did with all the pomp of war, and now
the nearest insurgent outpost is six
miles from Manila. .
The Filipino capital is at M0I0I03,
two hours' ride on the Manila & Dagu-
pan railroad, where Gen. Agulnaldo
has established his seat of government
and where Congress is now in session.
Outside of Manila the whole of Luzon
is in possession of and governed by
(ien.. Agumaldo, who is commander-in-chief
of an army of ten thousand men,
armed with Mauser and " Remington
rifles, a great many of which were cap
tured from the Spaniards.
The utmost cordiality exists between
Generals Otis and Agulnaldo. and all
me. stories or straineei relations, so
freely published in the American pa
pers are but fiction, which has eman
ated from the? fertile brain of a space
Gen. Agulnaldo is awaiting the deci
sion of the Commission at Paris. In
the meantime he is keeping his army
in such condition that he will" be in a
position to carry on the war to the bit
ter end, should they revert sto Spain.
Two months ago I heard him say
he would at once lay down his arms
and disband his army if the Govern
ment of th United States would as
sure him that they intended to keep
possession of the Philippines.
Try the great dandruff killer and
prickly heat cure. For sale at Hollister
Drug Co., and 13enson, Smith & Co.
The Only High Crado Baking
Powder Offered at a Mod
NONE SO GOOD.
5 54 :J V
FOR SALE BY
Hawaiian News Co., Ld.
- '' V iWi
$3,250 Each. 2 fine resi
dence lots situate on the
East side of Piikoi street,
North of Lunalilo street
Size of Each 96 .6x220
These lots are but two and
a half blocks from the car line.
Perfectly level, with valuable
fruit trees in abundance.
Ready to be built upon.
$4,2501-2 cash Balance ,
on time. New residence
on College St., just North
of Wilder Ave Contains
8 rooms and modern im
provements, stable, etc.
Directly opposite" the
residence of H. A. Iseri
berg, Esq. .x
$6250 Residence adjoin
ing the above. Larger
lot. . Both must be seen
to be appreciated.
Further. particulars of
WILL E. FISHER,
Estate Aaent ontl Ruclioneei
Rents Collected Houses to Rent, Etc.
IN ROTH'S STORE,
Cor. Merchant and Fort Sts.
We have a Large As
sortment of this
able article, which
we are selling at
the most reason
E. I. JORDffl
I wish to announce to my patrons
and the general public that I shall re
sume my practice- in this city just a
few weeks more. Those wishing to be
fitted with spectacles and eye glasses
should call at once. Free examina
tion of the eyes.
S. B. LUCAS,
PARISIAN OPTICIAN. I
Dove Building, - - - Fort Street.
Bab crt Lewcre. F. J. Lowrey. C. IT. Cook
LEWERS & COOKE.
Importers and Dealers In Lumber end
Building Materials. Office,
414 Fort St.
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