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THE PACIFIC ;oMMKK;i.L I V KKTISKU: UO.MiLPl.I MAKi'H. ! l!ti.
I 0OKDiOOtOt040tOt040KOi A MODERN SHIP 1 he Japanese ciuiser "Ka- O - c Q The best at the iowtjbt price at HOPP'K J it j : sjcI." which was built by Wm. Cramp & Sons. Phila delphia, for the Japanese f Jovernmcnt, since she bean her trial trips in June Ia: has used the Steam Now Tales the Plies il Hwcle. 12 MALT SE LACE WE want to boom our q business. NOW and that's why we want to remind vou that we carry the S handsomest as well as O the cheapest line of C 1 Parlor and TV 1 Tt i ? uearoom Mrniiure. 5 Also the latest .Eastern OF AMERICAN MANUFACTURE. We have a complete stock of .... . MIRRORS Of Various Sizes, from the cheapest to the best. 2 o S 5 We Make a Scecialty of J. H0PP& CO. . Leading Furniture Dealers, KING & BETHEL STS. -KKfOmQ4C-OO4OCH-0Q-K3 niiiii r,i no 108 KING STREET. G.J.Waller : : Manager. Wholesale and Retail AND- NAVY CONTRACTORS. The Silent Barbershop When in need of a good, clean shave by expert artist3, with sharp tools, visit the SILENT . BARBER SHOP. Our instruments are thoroughly dis infected before using by an - ANTISEPTIC SOLUTION Ladies' Boot-Black Stand In rear of shop. JOSEPH FERNANDEZ, Propr. Arlington Block, Hotel Street. FOR THE HOLIDAYS. New Importation of . SILK GOODS, in the piece, SILK HANDKERCHIEFS, SILK SHAWLS, DECORATED FLOWER POTS, NEW PORCELAIN CUPS AND SAUCERS, TEA AND DINNER SETS, CARVED IVORY, RATTAN CHAIRS, CARVED SANDALWOOD BOXES. THESE GOODS ARE THE HANDSOM EST IN ALL HONOLULU. WING WO CHAN & CO. 210-212 Nuuanu Street. Tew arriyalsT White and Blue Grass Linen, Silks, Table Covers, Silk Shirts, Doylies, Pa jamas, Handkerchiefs, etc. Latest Pat terns of English and American Serge, Scotch Tweeds, Linen and Duck Cloth at GOO KIIVI, 210 Nnaanu St., above Hotel. BEAVER LUNCH ROOMS. Fort St., Opp. Wilder & Co., H. J. NOLTE, Prop. First-Class Lunches Served With Tea, Coffee, Soda Water, Ginger Ale, or Milk. Open from 3 a. m. till 10 p. m. , Smokers Requisites a Specialty. P t DINGROOM CHAIRS 2 AS WELL AS 9 I FflffiV ttf Ml 3 Repairs h mbm ooo ooo- We have a Large As sortment of this intrinsically valu able article, which we are selling ai the most reason able Figures. iO 12 II i6 ooo- ooo E. W; JORDAN The Washington Light. HKL.IAHL.K . Hill LLIANT CANNOT EXPLODi: cannot hlow .out NO OIIOK . DOKS NOT FIJCKKIt i s ' r Consumes nothing but Kerosene Oil. The Cheapest and Safest Light known. Unsurpassed for Halls, L,anais, Ma chine Shops, Plantations and Docks. See Lamps now on exhibition and get details. We are prepared to illuminate Pri ate Grounds, Lanais and Halls for En tertainments on 24 hours notice. Open evenings till S o'clock. li. N. ALMY, flanajcer. Mas Die Temple, Alakea St. tain Is never rudrtl. From the cradle to the crave feruiu Mrs. Nf.ttte Harrison's LATEST PORTRAIT inecootl lootsainJ complexion are in conflict with their mortal foes sickness, over work, trouble ana age. Beauty's greatest pro tective weapon is LOLA MONTEZ CREME The great skin food and tissue builder. Kradi cates wrinkles and imparts health and softness to tne lace. 75c jar lasts 3 mom lis. 4 DAY HAIR RESTORER isjust what its name, implies. Gives hack to 4rey or laded hair its natural color 1114 days with out any inconvenience or disagreeable effects Not a dye. rrice f 1 .00. FACE BLEACH REMOVES FRECKLES tan. sunb:irn. moth natches. sallowness and everv discoloration of the skin, rendering it clear a ft was in baby days. Guaranteed harmless. Ptiv Ji.oo. Consultation nv mail solicited. Corres pondence strictly confidential. MRS. NETTIE HARRISON DERMATOLOGIST 40-42 Geary St., San Francisco. Cil. Ladies' Shoe Boxes IX FANCY COKDIMMJY Box Couches, LATEST 1ATTKKNS. LIMITED. Masonic Temple- Alafcea St., Honolulu. AT THE GAZETTE OFFICE. w - WAR MihD Furniture Co. OEVIGES THAT LESSEN LABOR Little Romance Left In the Sailor Life Great Change Madu In Recant Years. I Washington S:ar.) If s;ta.m am) electricity have, as ha ben said, killed romance at ia." ihey have also relieved Jack Tar and his officer of most of the soul-kiiling work and a majority of the perils which formerly made their practical Hws anything but romantic in fact. I Most of the modern shipV heavy work is done by machinery, and the orders for its doing are conveyed, not by "the hoars? note of the speaking trumpet," but by precise electrical Im pulses communicated through the agency or tne mecnanicai-magnetic telegraph. Only old-fashioned wooden vessel. or coasters of inconsiderable tonnage de pend today upon the "beef and brawn" of the men in their forecastles for the prrformance-of those tasks of drudgery which in the days of yore occupied much of a sailor's time and made of his existence ntloaf and alongside the dock of arrival or "departure a burden to be borne only In the hope of easUr times in the future. The modern ocean-going vessel, bv her means of propulsion steam or sails, and be h?r business the carrying of freight, passenger or malls, is equipped with a great variety of mechanical de vices which relieve the men of her company of most of the work demand ing nothing hut physical exertion. In cidentally, these devices, of course, re duce the numbers of men employed in the ships, on the man-per-ton ratio, and make necessary the presence In the forecastles and engine rooms of a high er quality of intelligence than was nec essary under the simple old system. Bui the reduction of men is com pensated by the multiplicity of the ships, and the circumstance of con stantly increasing tonnage. Doubtless romance or picturesque ef fect suffers in the substitution of a puffing, rattling steam-windlass for the old-fashioned capstan a round which thirty men crept In slow, circular pro cession, timing their steps to the cadence of a sailor's "chantey," as they laboriously "broke out" an anchor or warped their craft to mid-stream pre paratory, to sailing. The "chantey's" characterise ic words and music would be drowned in the clatter ot pistons and cogs alniard a modern ship, but the anchor comes aboard in half the time it used to take to hoist it, and the thirty men may be bending intelligent eftort to per forming tasks mere important and in finitely Uss straining than that of rais ing it. So. ukj. with the work of hoisting the heavy sails aboard a -modern freighter, which depends upon canvas for its mobility. In the old days a ship of SJU tons would perforce carry a crew of sixty men. When sail was to be made or shortened quickly the yards of her thin spars would swarm with agile figures, long lines of men would "tail on" to her braces, halliards and stay, and the canvases would labor iously rise in regular impulses to the lugubrious measures of a song. The sailing ship today carries don key engines, steam windla.es at every hatch for hoisting cargo, and another on her forecastle for use in handling the anchors. he has steam "gypsies" fed from her donkey bailers, a; every mast-toot, and the work of getting Iht anchor or hoisting her canvas involves only the expert effort of an engineer and a dozen nv so men aloft, who. as they perform the light labor of loosing reef-points and overhauling clewgar nets. do not think of "Paddy Jones" or his traditional boots unless U b to offer up a thanksgiving that the system associated with their memory has passed. But the profitable ship of tod ly. freighter or liner, is the steam-driven, twin-screwed carrier of tremendous tonnage and high speed. Sh earns dividends where the best of the sailing ships em up their profits in delays due to wind and weather even after the important item of coal consumption has been taken into account. And the profitable ship is profitable because ap plied science has substituted the machine which draws no wage for the man. who must be paid, anil becauso the coal she burns gives her practical independence of the moods of win!, wave and current. The modern freight carrier and th modern "ocean greyhound" differ onlv in their interior arrangements and ex terior lines. One is a floating hotel, built for high speed: the other a tloai- ing warehouse built for cargo capacity and steady going. Their machinery, with a few individual peculiarities, "is the same, and of that machinery there : is no end at least to the eye of a lay man. Most of the new ships of the mer chant marine are propelled by twin screws driven each by a triple expan sion engine of highest ithclency. A dozen double-end Scotch boilers supply their main and auxiliary engines with steam at a pressure of l."0 to 2) pounds to the square inch. Besides the main engines, a modern vessel will contain in the depths below her water line, and on her decks, from ten to thirty smaller engines, each PIIASr.S OF THL CONTIIST IX Till". PI1IL1I PINKS. bo. I ol.m l nntb in tU glLai tlir bo I tu uh1Ii 4 yy m vLili at hin attkia th tii Tk Ictv itt. tbvy ar ilb rrod fpuM, tby rr toI d I .m.. pumps. feeI punip. bilge pump, fire pumps, circulating pump for the run ilcnfers and air pump for the vacuum chamlKTs. usually in duplicate In cae of accident, will number niteen or twenty separate engine. The dynt mM. which supply the hlp every compartment with light and give her the wonderful "night eye" cal!eI search Ugh:, purr in air tn the shaft tunnel. In a special compartment a double cyllndered engine, always biwy while tlie ship is at se.i. anwTlng the im pulses of a toy wheel in the p..ot houie or on the bridge, pu.hcs the majtiie rudder thU way or that, making it pos sible for a single helmsman . control the levlathian's every movenunt ly a linger touch. With the old nud gear four men. reinforced by block and tackle, had their hands full with the steering of a big vc$?l in heavy weather. On deck, under the forecastle head. a steam windlass with the latrnt power ot "ixi horses, holstn the anchors thai a hundred men could not "break out" of a muddy bottom. n if they were toy. At every hatchway there U another windlass or winch, driven by double engines, for hoisting and lowering car go in loading and unloading, and for handling iwiats or sails in cae of ne cessity. Men must still stow the carso and man the boats the machine iU the rwt. ' Special engines holt th ahes from the boiler nom of th ni.Klcrn ship to the il vk-a dally task which made the lire room force grumble sorely in th early days of steam navica.lon. and ye: other engines driving Immrnw fan ventilate the cabin and stokehold and supply a forced pressure cf air to assist the perfect combustion of the furnaces. Modern ship, freighter or liner, are most of them equipped with refrig erator compartment for the storage perishable supplies. Ice hs no part in the ship" system of refrigeration. Ammonia ga. com-pres-ed by a powerful engine and forced through mile of steel tube, make jH)44ihte any desired tempera ture In any refrlgerativc compartment. The modern ship, indeed, make hr own Ice. a h d-stilN her own freh water while at sea. The vital of the md-rn Mp are br low the water line. The engine rom and stokehold contain her lunst. heart and stomach. Hut the braln-r-rpre- sentd by th captain and hi offirer are placed afar offhigh up 0:1 the fly ing bridge or behind the gus window of the pilot houe. It I imjvrativt that the brain should Ik In a position t.i r nvey direct and Instant suggestion to all .he o:hr n:e;nler. n( the floating .i;;r ijclna of tr.tltle which for the non e .-,.: an .i!i Individual. To that ml the hlp !-a. a b !i.ate and highly org.inUd r.ervoti system. cAn.4!:;ng m an In fi Ity of tub.-, wire, d'at and I-!!. From bridge or pilot hnue the rap atn vr executive off. r domitiate t'.;e cn'ire massive fabric a rra lily a d(minates the member ot ht own !ody. A deck equipped wl;h a r.'imbr of labeled electrical button rnabi- him to control Instantly hi slsr.al lights, high up on tlie mat t.i f!ah a tne.-.-.ige to any pa.lr.g ship ir to any station 0:1 a near-by shore. Th same keylicard era!!e h-m to com municate with any comp ittmnt of th" vessel to Mtninmn any man -c r.in to his company. Beside tl.. keyUard U the e:vTri-a! "telegraph." or telsm. more proper ly, which lead to the engine room. It Is outwardly a glass-fared dial on a tall bras standard. A lttt.e hand lln controlling an Indicator an J tr.e print ed division in the se-r.'nt of thr dial's circle show it ue and purpie. "ahead." "astern." "half sped." -fall sj.ed." "stop." Tim- are the f w ord- rs which the bridge mnt end to the engine room frequently and instantly. I The telesxe doe it by a mere turn; of the lever to the propr signal. Of barometers, fextant. range f.nJ ers, compasses and chronometer, every modern ship carries n doxn or more; but they, like the patent log. trailing far astern and register! rax th ship speed, are instrument, not roachlr. adapted to the solution of problem of geographical pasitlon and mteom loglcal condition, riot to the sol itlon of the I.!?ic problem of r lievlng the man of pl.y.jiai labor and multiplying hi wofriiug e!!lclcncy. Th; old ship was a graceful fabric in w hb h man was the s!av as. I plaything of th clement. The modern ship I a sc:-u;ifie lntrum-n in which man I the dominant, serene controller of the natural laws and natural force 4 which for 3.(oo year have had their whim sical will of him and hi. A Clergyman's Views. The Her. ;eo. A. Wilkin I a frocs lnrn: clergyman of Wt Irbnaca. N. II. It l not often 'a clergyman l!I talk for pa&llcatlon. Mr. WilUci would not hat dor.e in lh. CAe. except he felt '4rw hi Siatemetjt (W!1 l- ;he man f ber.eattng other. nl he knew- what he a talking of for U wa h'. own pronal rxprriene he gae. I: will carry weight w;th oar reader. bvau.e people have con- fl lence In the word of a pa ;nr. ' A Mr. Vi!k!n live In the :;r of Wrtnonl. near tU' N. II. borir. be t well known on both side of the lundaty line. and ha mlnlfterr! to a great many congregation. "IVm et;urn and overwork.- tu a. -while In my Ul cWlca! charge I nperiencej conJder- abte trouble from an affection of the kidney. Having made ue of laan lUckache Kidney Pill I found great relief from them." Y04 cant tpin x long yam alout backache. Ywi hate it. It hurl and you wlnh fo gi fid of it. What will drive U away U wrorth more to the reader than a column and a half of symptom. Can yon ak for more convincing proof than the Hev. Mr. WilklaV trtlmony?. It I hort. tut t the point, and npreM a great deal In small par To wny cm? who suffer from kidney IK. thU val uable medicine would U a fcoon. nd Mr. WHktn teHaony may k much go.I. The.e pill may b had of dealer generally or will l- mailev by thr Uter Drug Co.. Id on reoript of price per box lor C ifote for irJOf. mm hole wm Hawaiian 5ouvi:nii: 1 i.ACS IO CENTS LACM. HAWAIIAN souvi:nii: mns. Hawaiian 5Ci:n:c CA MINI) a us. HAWAIIAN HATS AND CUHIO.-! Hawaiian s:n:u. u::s: HAWAIIAN .-ILK fLAC.: FINK STATIOXEUY. :- Tor forclco Corrcponicccc. NOVELS! BOOKS! NOVELS! 316 Fort Street. ( FOR Fences, Stairs, etc. Call zzl t labile oit work. J. T. LUND, CIGAIlS-cnJoy zr.i.zz-S:l czxrt Toi like. We're big f.o-J: all ti good k'.n !.. :o LEWIS & CO., Grocers. 111 roitT stri:ct. Tclepbcs 210 : : V. O. Hor, 1. Gsdmnet Mm (S) IPeoggr Ill 1 VACUUM III II GYLllll) and BUG ECGIIIE OILS In Januar 1809, she was supplied at Ncwcastle-on-Tyne, England, wiih 10 bbls. Yaconm Cjliaier Oil, 30 bbls. Ilarine Engine Oil. 4 bbls. Arctic Engine Oil The use of the Vacuum Oils is increasing in all the markets of the world. The explanation of this is no doubt in part due to the fact that the Vacuum Oil Com pany uses petroleum from wells which show no tiaccS of aph3ltum. Asphaltum is very injuri ous to machinery, and cheap oil containing it should be avoided. A comparative test of Oils sold in this market, on one plantation, has resulted in an order for J bbls. of Vacuum Oils. Sole Agents FOR HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. 66 IT K0K0HI ss HIUIIUI S05G USD CHOHUS 1 Sung with great success by the "lii I it . To be had of nnuauau pjcwn COMPANY. LIMITLD. Ycu should have a copy. Only 25cts. W MIE PRIIIGESS K1IDL1KL 50 Different Views SO To !ed fforn uj-n the PHOTOGRAPHIC Co.vS LtMrreo. j Corcer Fort isi noiel Sirccu ON ICE, Ex Australia: A frrh V.zj o! Orasr. Ap;:. Ia?.o2. Crap'. C:rr. Ca:.2 s-r- lintel f?ixj-r.. Vth ilajs, loatjij. r. Cril. OYimillS. lth Vnv.fT CALtFOHKIA FRUIT CO.. C1LOROC ANDREWS. PDlii ! 'ill: ill p, to