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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, MAY 6, 1S99.
THit pacific Commercial Advertiser. W. N. AhMalHONU - HU.1UM SATURDAY : : : : MAY G. to other devices like card playing, golf or the ilraving of lots, in their efforts to get the advantage of each other. LIMIT OF FliKE SPEECH. THE .NEXT WAU. A copy of the Revue Internationale (Paris) lately received here, contains a review of a book titled La Guerre Tho book has created a sensation among the military men of Europe, because th author of it is Jean do IJloch. the celebrated military critic of Russia. He reviews the advances made in military science, and the works of Uualmont and other noted writers on military affaiis, and his conclusions are startling. They are such as might be made in composing a sensational mill tary romance, and yet they are drawn from the existing facts which are fami liar to students of military matters. They are the conclusions of a learnad man. who has no superior as a critic, and, who has tested them by the facts accomplished since 1870, the date of the Kran co-Prussian war. He declares that the modern guns and powder are so efficient that the losses in battle would now be four times as many as in the war of 1870. The new rifles are forty times more efficient than the rifles used in 1870, and the value of artillery is from twelve to fifteen times greater than it -was at that date. Shells that ex ploded at that time into nineteen or twenty pieces are now broken into an average of two hundred and forty pieces. Cannister (bombe de font) that scattered forty-feven pieces or shots, in 1870, now distributes 1204 pieces, with the aid of pyroxline, and spreads six hundred and fifty-six feet nt a distance of three thousand three hundred yards from the firing point. The author says that the Prussian General Rhone has stated that if 10,000 men were to attack a fort well armed, they would be met at a distance of 2000 yards from it with, for instance, 1450 discharges of artillery, which would carry 275,000 shot and shell. The attacking force, unless under -cover, would be annihilated before it reached a point distant a mile from the fort. Rifles and smokeless powder make he use of cavalry of little value. Nor can skirmishers advance. The artillery now in use is so deadly, a series of earth works on a battlefield are abso lutely necessary. Bloch cites the description of Cap tain M. Nigote of the French army as to the method of battle, if it were fought today in Europe. At a distance of 6000 yards it would begin with ar tillery on both sides. Men and horses would be -swept down by the explod ing shells and bullets. The great can non of one army would disable the can non of the other army. The advantage would -be with the army that used the most artillery. After artillery fire, the infantry would advance. At 2000 yards the rifle bullets would take effect. There would be a hail storm of rifle balls over the field. The artillery not destroyed would cut up the attack ing regiments. The field would- be covered with the wounded and slain When the reserves came up there would be maintained a space of 1000 steps across which neither line of at tack could cross, because of the terri ble discharge of bullets. Shells loaded -with melinite would crush and utterly demolish houses and villages in the way of the marching forces. The dead on each side would be piled up into Tampans about 1000 steps apart be hind which men would protect them selves. The battle would continue un til the ammunition gave out, and the armies were used up. The author says that if the French and Germans were to engage in an other war similar to that of 1S70, it might last a year, and in the end both sides would be exhausted, and nothing would be gained. The cost of such a war would be on each side ten thous and millions of francs, and the cost to Europe would be forty thousand mil lions of francs. If the conclusion of the great writer on military affairs is correct, and the destructive power of modern weapons is o vast, it indicates a sufficient rea son for general disarmament in Eu rope. So long as there is uncertainty as to the result of battle, nations will not disarm on any moral grounds. But if it is accepted as a fact that an army in a great battle cannot obtain the -victory over another great army, and the result will be destruction without results, there will be a tendency to dis arm. For even a comparatively small army will be able to destroy any at tacking force. In the order of the evolution of "God-like men," the power to utterly exterminate each other seems to pre cede the desire to enter into a general ! brotherhood. Like two frontier ruf- j fians who get the "drop" on each other ; at the same instant, and then shake hands and "take something" together instead of making a mutual extermin ation, the nations, finding that war means mutual destruction, will resort j Mr. Edward Atkinson's oien avowal, and defense, of his conduct in sending pamphlets to our soldiers in the Philip pines, which tend to discourage them in the prosecution of the war, brings up sharply the question of the rights and duties of a citizen. While we be lieve that Mr. Atkinson's views are wrong, there is this to be said on his behalf. He has the right under the Constitution and laws to differ from the views of the Administration, and of all other citizens. He has the right also to tell his fellow citizens who are in the army what he thinks about public affairs. They also have the right to think and talk about the neces sity and conduct of the war, because they also are citizens who with other citizens, must determine the policy of the nation. Mr. Atkinson has the law ful right to convince them that the war policy is wrong, just as another person has the right to convince them that the war policy is sound and cor rect. This case illustrates what the French writer de Tocqueville called the "tyr rany of democracy." He says that, theoretically, free speech is tenderly protected in a democracy, but in prac tice, the majority have no bowels of compassion for the minority, and like to regard those who differ from them as traitors and scoundrels, and do not hesitate to crush them politically and financially if they can do so by laws. And there is also a considerable per centage of persons in a democracy who would like to see all those who differ from them banished from the coun try. We have the right to asume that American citizens in our Philippine army are capable of passing upon the merits of our policy quite as well as Mr. Atkinson can, and that he cannot make them discontented in a just cause, jo assume mat ne can uo any mischief by circulating his pamphlets among them is to assume mat our soldiers are fools and lack intelligence Indeed, the evidence is that the soldiers understand the issues involved in the war quite as well as Mr. Atkinson does. Moreover, he will not be able to in fluence the Regulars who have enlisted to obey orders and fight. To advocate the suppression of Mr. Atkinson would be to urge the adoption of the old practice that put a man in prison when he disagreed with the ruling power. .Matinee Hand Concerts. fhis afternoon at Emma Square the (band will play the following: March Albanian Hall Overture Jolly Students Suppe Waltz Laura Millocker Selection The Geisha Jones Fantasia The Czarina Ganne Finale On the Millstream ..Eilenburg The Star Spangled Banner. The regular Sunday matinee concert will be given tomorrow at Makee Island with the following selections: PART I." Old Hundred. Overture Peter Schmoll Weber Romance Ethel Gonterno Gaavotte Farewell Kappey Grand International Musical Con-., gress , Sousa PART II. Cornet Solo That Low, Soft Re frain itzel Mr. Charles Kreuter. Selection Sullivan Songs Godfrey Fantasia Goldbeetles Soiree ... Kling Overture .Masaniello Auber The Star Spangled Banner. IF YOU LOVE your wife take her to the ORPHEUM tonight. Or ink PURE Hood's Favorite Cathartic Pills It is easy to purge, but that is not what fs wanted. A mild but sure and undis turbing cathartic will get Nature to go ing, and relieve the head, the stomach, the liver and all the .organs of the body CURM from the many and dangerous evils of a clogged corporeal drainage. Hood's Pills CURE Liver Ills, sick head ache, biliousness, constipation, without purging, without pain, without violence. Liver Ills Hood's Pills are the only pills to take with Hood's Sarsaparilla. Sold by all druggists. 25c. Sent by mail on receipt of price, by C .-ood & Co., LowcJl, Mas TIMELY TOPICS April 1 2th, 1899. -000- A NEW ISASK. The First American Bank of Hawaii, as the predecessor of the First National Bank of Hawaii, will, date its origin from today. It is the necessary out growth of the increasing business of these Islands, and will go into opera tion at a time when banking facilities are much needed. The men who have organized this bank are men of ex perience and. reputation, and will place its service upon the very best basis. The subject of banking facilities will be discussed later. Tree Plantina. The regular .monthly meeting of the Board of Agriculture was held yester day morning in the Judiciary building, Minister Damon presiding. Messrs. Herbert, King, Jordan and Taylor were present. The matter of appointment of a Commissioner and Secretary was de ferred for the present. The planting of trees along the Beach Road was dis cussed by the Board and wilj be a mat ter for further action at a special meet ing to be held next Tuesday morning at 9 o'clock. If the advice given in those three words Is heeded, good healtn will fol low. City water is not good for many reasons, principally, because it is con taminated with vegetable and putrid matter of all descriptions. A simple analysis shows this to be a fact. EXCERCISE Our doctors are busy treating pa tients who are suffering from com plaints, more especially malarial dis orders, which will be materially bene fitted if they drink a water that la pure and possesses curative features, as does Bartlett Spring Water. The cool weather we are having now won't last long, all probabilities are that after this cold snap is over we may have hotter weather than ever we had before. If this is the case, we would advise you to secure some means of keeping your butter and vegetables fresh, and at the same time making your ice bill a small item of expense. If you are open for suggestions let us mention a few things about our SDB-DIVlSiON OF TOE EHHHTOK ECMESTEAD s -1 v : kl Lots I L J ,. I , q Lot 2 is f-nHH hi1 $T HIM ;!' K N G 8 These finely improved Lots for sale. Location excellent. Lots planted with choice trees Terms easy. A ill iliuli. and shrubbery, Inquire of Prices reasonable. OfK Bruce Waring & CO. PROGRESS BLOCK, HONOLULU. DUE Ask your family physician about tho water, and if he is honest he will en dorse its use. , : All who have drank the water speak In the highest of terms for It. This climate demands the use of such a water and you cannot afford to be without it. VIGILANCE. We will serve free of charge a glass of this wonderful natural Spring water at our Soda Counter to all who care to come and test ita virtues. We deliver the water to your home in case We can honestly say it is the best constructed refrigerator ever put on the market. It will keep provisions longer and use less ice than any other made. The inner frame is made from per- I -T.rv A11 1 1 1 1 m - itcLiy ouoness woou, ana is nnea witn zinc, polished as bright as a mirror, presenting a very clean and attractive appearance. They are also supplied with Patent Syphon and solid metal shelves. Our space will not permit us to say anything more in regard to this article, so we would like you to call and in spect them yourself. We have them in all sizes and are from $15 to $500. If you get more ice than your re frigerator will hold we would advise you to get one of our Ice Chests. We also have them in all sizes, from $8.50 to $25.00. There is Just Enough Moisture -000- very We have just received some pretty Water Coolers. These coolers have wrought iron lin ing, with pure agate enamel, preserv ing the water and freeing it from me tallic oxide, which is impossible to lots at $6.50 for 50 pints, $9.50 for 50 'avoid with ordinary lining. Sizes are quarts. n SOLE AGENTS. 2, 3 and 6 gallons, and range in prices according. 1 ijiiii life (1 307 Limited. PORT ST In the air now to cause Severe Coughs, Colds, Grippe and Rheumatism Our COMPOUND COUGH SYRUP cures your coughs and colds. Try our GRIPPE CAPSULES (the kind that cures.) Our RHEUMATIC LINIMENT stops all your Aches and Pains. Honolulu Drug Co. Von Holt Block. - - - TELEPHONE NO. 364. Kin or Street. P O BOX NO. 679 Mosquitoliee Will Drive Mosquitoes Away. Cures the Bites! Brings Comfort! OINHI-V AT Benson, Smith & Co LIMITED- Fort and Hotel Streets. 1 I Re ad the Hawaiian Gazette A Will be Commenced TODAY, and wili Continue 'F"OIR 1N1E WEEK OGDLZ A Reduction of 25 Per Cent will be Made in All the Following Lines: Muslin Underwear, Napkins, Sheetings, Tab e Linens, Pillow Casing, Umbrellas, Parasols, 000000000000 Eclipse All Others and our entire line of These Goods are all NEW and were Garefull Selected, which will be reserved. The early patrons have the choice. Queen Street, I in 3 ousted illis 50 Per Cent Reduction in Our Entire Line of Shirt Waists. insures Greater Bargains as nothing Dry Goods (jj(g00000(9(9S)0000d93lAOOQOOOO 00000e(S