Newspaper Page Text
THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER: HONOLULU, MAY S, 1S99.
Commercial Advertiser. W. Tim ARMSTRONG EDITOF MONDAY : : : : : MAY 8. THE CHINESE AND THE CHIEF JUSTICE. If the Chinese residents here are all in accord with the Chinese merchants who presented to the Chief Justice an address of congratulation on Friday last, it is a valuable guarantee of the peace of the community, so far as this race is concerned. To them the politi cal situation is of little consequence so long as there is justice in the adminis tration of the laws. They will not agi tato in order to protect themselves when they are protected. There is nothing that so clearly aids " to enforce our claim to a high civiliza tion here, as the even and exact justice dispensed by our higher courts in pro tecting at .all times the rights of the Asiatics. Although the unjust and in equitable taxation which is imposed upon them, so far as real estate vAlues are concerned, is an abomination, they cannot and do not charge it to the courts. When before them, they share jn the inflexible administration of jus tice which makes no racial distinction. The immediate cause of the address presented to the Chief Justice by the Chinese was his decision which stayed for the moment an act of gross moral injustice committed by the Federal government through the carelessness and ignorance of its legal advisers. It was the law on the Mainland in 1SG0, that fugitive slaves should be restored to their masters. But there were jud ges who believed in the final reign of the "higher" law that forbade it, and they refused to sanction it. Although the Supreme Court follow ing a strictly legal interpretation of the law, remanded the Chinese immigrants to exile, and overruled the Chief Jus tice, his decision, founded on equity and natural justice, will give him rep utation hereafter, because the people in the long run, care little for laws which conflict with the ideas of justice. . Ex pedient as it may be, "necessary" as it imay be, in the lowest sense, to en force the shifting and inconsiderate laws of men, there is no censure in the end of those who struggle though in vain to enforce the better law. MOKE HANKS NEEDED. THE ADMIRAL AND THE CAPTAIN. The indiscreet language of Admiral Kautz and of Capt. Coghlan, regard ing he conduct of the Germans at Ma nila and Samoa recalls the venerable anecdote of the parrot who repeatedly scolded the dog, and after an unexpec ted interview with him, at the expense of his feathers got back on his perch i and shouted: "I've talked too much, that's what's the matter." Both of these officers caim that their remarks, wb'ch the Germans pronoun ced insulting, " were made in private, and reached the public only through a breach of confidence. Sailors are not diplomats who "use language to con ceal thought." Nor can they always distinguish between a case in which (offensive language is ooen to grave censure, and another caso where the same language would be regarded as iiighly patriotic. As members of the sovereign people who. rule in America they have the right to express opinions on all pub- .ill UldttCi U U (, CIO I O KJ A. IUV rnment they are under bonds to be discreet and must surrender their in dependence. The members of Congress indulge in the most offensive language in commenting upon the conduct of foreign nations, but as they cannot be "iield responsible for words spoken in debate, foreign nations accept these of fensive remarks as a necessary part of the government by democracy. Until recently, wiien John Bull and Brother Jonathan fell on each other's necks, and each tenderly said to the other, "you are indeed my long lost brother!" any oflicer civil or military sealed his patriotism and became pop ular by abusing the English, that is, by "twisting the' tail of the British lion." But since John Bull kindly turned his back to the American sup ply ships and shut his eyes while sup plies for Dewey's fleet were quietly smuggled out of Hongkong, contrary to the law of neutrality, the pastime, of twisting the tail has been suspended, and offensive remarks made by prom inent officers would be sharply re buked. The Germans may say with Mrs. Gamp. "I don't a mind your thinkin mean about me, but there ain't no call for expressing of yourself to my face." No doubt the nation is a little out of temper with the Germans for the mo ment, but it will soon recover its se renity and find that the Germans will stand beside it in the march of prog ress, because the Germans love liberty, and are already a- large part of the .bone and sinew of the American com monwealths. The Admiral and the Captain will be hereafter reserved and frigid towards their Indiscreet friends. In proportion to the amount of busi ness done in these Islands, the bank ing capital is totally inadequate ac cording to the American standard. There are many small places on the Mainland where with a population of five to ten thousand there are four or more banks with more capital than our banks have although the total business of each town is far less than the business clone in Hawaii. The to tal number of national banks on the Mainland in 1807 was 3,048, with a cap ital of $044,073,395. To this number should be added the State and private banks, the number of which with their capital is not here given. The total banking facilities are much greater therefore in proportion than they are in these Islands. It is not the number of people, but the value of trade and commerce that really fixes the amount of banking capital required. Hereto fore the agents of the sugar planta tions, with several banks have met the needs of the industries, and have furnished the capital required for our trade. Conditions have changed. The expansion of the sugar industry de mands an increased amount of loan able funds, and the establishment of more banks will facilitate commerce. One of the advantages of a National bank is that it circulates notes, which are virtually guaranteed by the nation al government. While the government demands from the national bank a de posit of national bonds which secure the redemption of the currency issued by the bank, the income from these securities as well as the interest on the currency issued also accrues to the assets of the bank. More than all, these national banks are subject to close inspection by the government and with few exceptions, the inspection is rigid. Inspection is a whip in the hand3 of the government that is held over the hank officials, anil prevents, as a rule, although not al ways, the wasting of the bank's re sources, by incompetent men. Our local banks have been singularly free from dishonest management in the past, but it is the experience of all com mercial communities that the manage ment of financial institutions must change from time to time, and there can be no perpetual certainty of good management. The case of the Barings illustrates the uncertainty of it, even in the oldest commercial community of modern times. There is at present but one local bank in these Islands subject to rigid examination. The other banks are unquestionably man aged with skill and honesty, but their safety, so far as depositors are con cerned, depends upon the high charac ter of the management. As a'll values here of land and of merchandizing, depend upon the con ditions of the sugar industry, the suc cess of banks must depend upon the condition of that industry. That is, the banks as well as individuals have their eggs in one basket. Diversified industries would avert this financial danger. There are none. It is generally believed that 'banks establish industries. It is not their object to do so. They serve to facili tate trade, and encourage manufactur ing and commerce already established. Where banks have undertaken .. to "build up a place," they have, as a rule, failed. These Islands furnish ex ceptions to the rule. Banks when wisely conducted are only pawnshops on a large scale, mere money lenders on a large scale and not promoters. It is for the facilities they offer in conducting the business of established industries that they are of the very highest value, and therefore a new bank, conducted by intelligent men, is an important aid to the commerce of the Islands. LATEST BOOKLET. Davcy's Neat and Valuable iam plilct on Hawaii. "History of the Hawaiian Islands and Hints to Travelers" is the title of a booklet published by the Davey Photographic Company. In i: are in teresting and reliable articles on Ha waii Geographical, Hawaii Historical, Hawaii Healthful, Honolulu Hand some, and an Itinerary of the Islands. It concludes with a eulogy of the late Princess Kaiulani. There are a num ber of views scattered through its pa ges including scenes at the Hawaiian Hotel annex, steamships China and Doric, and scenes along the Oahu rail way. The advertising pages are well filled. The first edition consisted of 10,000 copies and there is a hmeavy de mand for it. The printing was done by the Hawaiian Gazette Co. IF YOU LOVE your wife take her to the ORPHEUM tonight. Dr ink p TOT watfr Kii Jul JL jLJiLiL -ooo- If the advice given in those three words is heeded, good health will fol low. City water is not good for many reasons, principally, because it is con taminated with vegetable and putrid matter of all descriptions. A simple analysis shows this to be a fact. EXCERCISE Our doctors are busy treating pa tients who are suffering from com plaints, more especially malarial dis orders, which will be materially bene fitted if they drink a water that is pur and possesses curative features, as does Bartlett Spring Water. DUE Ask your family physician about the water, and if h8 is honest he will en dorse its use. All who have drank the water speak in the highest of terms for it. This climate demands the use of such a water and you cannot afford to be without It. VIGILANCE. We will serve free of charge a glass of this wonderful natural Spring water at our Soda Counter to all who care to ccme and test its virtues. We deliver the water to your home in cass lots at ?6.50 -for 50 pints, ?9.50 for 50 quarts. 1L1 SOLE AGENTS Aimost Blind Scrofula Affects the Eyes Little Boy Treated b an Oculist With' out Relief But Now He Is Well. " When my little boy was three months old his eyes became very sore and he wai almost blind. I took him to an oculist who treated him for six months, and left him as bad as he waa at the beginning. Finally Hood's Sarsaparilla was recom mended and I began giving it to him. In les3 than three weeks he wa9 ablfc to go into the sun without covering his eyes, and today his eyes are perfectly well, and his ears and nose, which were badly affected, are also well. Hood's Sarsaparilla has certainly done wonder! for my boy." Mrs. James II. Painter, Amador, California. Remembef Sarsaparilla - Purifier. All druggists. Sl.six for $5. Get Hood's. w ra are the only pills to take rlOOU S PUIS with Hood's Sarsaparilla SDB-DMSION OF THE BOERTON BOMESTEiD TIMELY TOPICS April 1 2th, 1899. The cool weather we are having now won't last long, all probabilities are that after this cold snap is over we may have hotter weather than ever we had before. If this is the case, we would advise you to secure some means of keeping your butter and vegetables fresh, and at the same time making your ice bill a small item of expense. If you are open for suggestions let us mention a few things about our Lot sl I 51 , I 0 vzzX- - -J N I I 6-7. 4 I f I K N G S Z These finely improved Lots for sale. Location excellent. Lots planted with choice trees and shrubbery, Prices reasonable. Terms easy. ft Inquire of i lift. We can honestly say it is the best constructed ' refrigerator ever put on the market. It will keep provisions longer and use less ice than any other made. The inner frame is made from per-1 j--v-ci j uuuiicsa vvuuu, illu la lillcu Willi zinc, polished as bright as a mirror, presenting a very clean and attractive appearance. They are also supplied with Patent Syphon and solid metal shelves. Our space will not permit us to say anything more in regard to this article, so we would like you to call and in spect them yourself. "We have them in all sizes and are from $15 to $500. If you get more ice than your re frigerator will hold we would advise you to get one of our Ice Chests We also have them in all sizes, from $8.50 to $25.00. ooo We have just received pretty Water some very Coolers. These coolers have wrought iron lin ing, with pure agate : enamel, preserv ing the water and freeing it from me tallic mnde. which is imDOSsible to avoid" with ordinary lining. Sizes are . . 2, 3 and 6 gallons, and range in prices according. 1! ill ! i Limited. 307 FORT ST Bruce taring & CO. PBCKi There is Just Enough Moisture In the air now to cause Severe Coughs, Colds, Grippe and Rheumatism Our COMPOUND COUGH SYRUP cures your coughs and colds. Try our GRIPPE CAPSULES (the kind that cures.) Our RHEUMATIC LINIMENT stops all your Aches and Pains. Honolulu Drug Co. Von Holt Block. TELEPHONE NO. 364. - - Kin of Street. P O. BOX NO. 679 Mosquitoli.ee Will Drive Mosquitoes Away Cures the Bites! Brings Comfort! OFVlE-V AT- Benson, Smith & Co LIMITED Fort and Hotel Streets. ead tlie Hawaiian Gazette 0000000 00 00 000000 0'0000. 0 A Will Eclipse Al Others Will be Commenced TODAY, and will Continue FOR OBIE A Reduction of 25 Per Cent will be Made in All the Following Lines: Muslin Underwear, Napkins, Sheetings, Table Linens, Pillow Casing, Umbrellas, Parasols, and our entire line of . , . I in poirte cl ill: s 50 Per Gent Reduction in Our Entire Line of Shirt Waists. These Goods are all NEW and were Carefully Selected, which insures Greater Bargains as nothing will be reserved. The early patrons have the choice. Queen Street, 0 Dry Goods & 0 : eoee&oobeoooooc oe&0