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rlONOLULU STOCK EXCHANGE
jE I Two thousand six hundred ami twenty I ? TT TT TFrV Olaa. .30; 243 McBrydo. ?:;.75; 250 Ki I I II I ! 99 oft 1 CO 4 0 0 S3 1 111 III N II V I II EwrablUlifHl July 'i, 185M. VOL. XXX., NO. 6317. HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, TUESDAY. AUGUST. 22, 1S99. TWELVE PAGES. PRICE FIVE OEOTO. snw i in ,rr PROFESSIONAL CARDS. A, L. C. ATKINSON. -ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. OFFICE: COR ner King and Bethel Streets, (up-et&lrt). DR. C. B. HIGH. OENTIST. PHILADELPHIA DENT 1 College 1892. Masonic Temple. Telephone 318. OR. A. C. WALL DR. 0. E. WALL. DENTIST OFFICE HOURS: 8 A. M. to 4 p. m. Love Building, Fort Gtret. M. E. GROSSMAN, D.D.S. DENTIST 33 HOTEL STREET, Ho nolulu. Office Hours: 9 a. m. to 4 p.m. GEO. H. HUDDY, D.D.S. DENTIST FORT STREET, OPPO slia Catholic Mission. Hours: From f a. m. to 4 p. m. DR. A. GORDON HODGINS. OFFICE AND RESIDENCE, GEDGE Cottage, corner Richards and Hotel streets. Office Hours: 9 to 11; 2 to 4, 7 to 8. Telephone 953. DR. WALTER HOFFMANN. flERETANL. STREET, OPPOSITE Hawaiian Hotel. Office Hours: 8 to 10 a. m.; 1 to 3 p. in.; 7 to 8 p. m. Sundays: 8 to 10 a. m. Tele phone 610. P. O. Box 501. DR. T. M1TAMUBA. CONSULTING ROOMS, 427 NUUANU Street; P. O. Box 842; telephone 132; residence 524 Nuuanu street. Hours: 9 to 12 a, m. and 7 to 9 p. m.; Sundays, 2 to 6 p. m. DR. T0MIZ0 KATSUNUMA. -VETERINARY SURGEON. SKIN Disease of all kinds a specialty. Office: Room 11, Spreckels Build ing. Hours: 9 to 4. Telephone 474. Residence Telephone 1093. DR. I. MORI. 126 BERETANIA ST., BETWEEN Emma and Fort. Telephone 277; P. O. Box 843. Office hours; 9 to 12 a. m. and 7 to 8 p. m.; Sundays, 9 to 12 a, m. DR. A. N. SINCLAIR. IZ KING ST., NEXT TO THE OPERA House. Office hours: 9 to 10 a. m.; 1 to 3 p. m.; 7 to 8 p. m. Sundays: 12 m. to 2 p. m. Telephone 741. C. L. GARVIN, M. D. -OFFICE No. 537 KING STREET, near Punchbowl. Hours: 9:00 to 12:00 a. m., 7:00 to 8:00 p. m. Telephone No. 448. T. B. CLAPHAM. VETERINARY SURGEON AND DEN tlt. Office: Hotel Stables. Calls, day or night, promptly answered. Specialties: Obstetrics and Lame ices. CATHCART & PARKE. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. HAVE mored their law offices to the Judd block. Rooms 308-309. LORRIN ANDREWS. ATTORNEY. AT LAW. OFFICE with Thurston & Carter, Merchant street, next to postoffice. FRANCIS J. BERRY. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT Lair. Will practice In the U. S. Federal and State Courts. Pro gress Block, corner Beretania and Fort Streets, rooms 5 and 6. W C. Achl. Enoch Johnson. ACHI & JOHNSON. ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS at Law. Office No. 10 West King Street. Telephone 8S4. - CHAS. P. PETERSON. ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY Public 15 Kaahumanu Street. LYLE A. DICKEY. ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY Public King and Bethel Streets. Telephone 806. P. O. Box 786. J. M. KANEAKUA. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT Law. Office: In th Occidental Hotel, corner of King and A'akea Streets, Honolulu. 1 - . . A. J. CAMPBELL. STOCK AND BOND BROKER. OF flce Queen street, opposite Union Feed Co. iiB IfSaiTCT T. McCANTS STEWART. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT Law, Progress Block, opposite Catholic Church, Fort street, Ho nolulu, H. I. Telephone 1122. T., D. BEASLEY. DRAUGHTSMAN. PLANTATION and Topographical Maps a Special ty. Room 306, Judd Building, Tel ephone 633. ALBERT F. JUDD, JB. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. OFFICE: OVER BISHOP & CO.'S Bank, corner Merchant and Kaahu manu streets. FREDERICK W. JOB. SUITE 815, MARQUETTE BUILDING, Chicago, 111.; Hawaiian Consul General for the States of Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana and Wis consin. ATTORNEY AT LAW. F. D. GREAHY, A.B. Mil TUTOR. WILL TAKE A FEW PU pils for private instruction. Of fice cor. King and Bethel Sts. Tel. 02 and 806; P. O. Box 759. MISS F. WASHBURN. PUBLIC STENOGRAPHER AND Typewriter. Office: Room 202, Judd Building. Telephone 1086. WILLIAM SAVIDGE. STOCK AND BOND BROKER. Mclnerny Block, Fort Street. C. J. FALK. STOCK AND BOND BROKER. MEM ber Honolulu Stock Exchange. Room 301 Judd Building. WM. T. PATY. CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. HAVING PURCHASED THE Busi ness of Mr. J. C. Chamberlain, is now prepared to do any and all kinds of work. Store and office fitting; brick, wood or stone build ing. Shop, Palace Walk; resi dence, Wilder avenue, near Ke walo. DR. A. C. POSEY. SPECIALIST FOR EYE. EAR, THROAT AND NOSE DISEASES AND CATARRH. Masonic Temple. Hours: 8 to 12 a. m; 1 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. 0. G. TRAPHAGEN. ARCHITECT 223 MERCHANT ST., Between Fort and Alakea. Tele- phone 734. Honolulu, H P. SILVA. aGENT TO TAKE ACKNOWLEDG ments to Instruments, District of Kona, Oahu. At W. C. Achl's of fice. King Street, near Nuuanu. JAMES T. TAYLOR, H. Am. SOC. G. I CONSULTING HYDRAULIC ENGI- neer. 306 Judd Block, Honolulu, H. I. AHHIS MONTAGUE TURNER. Remaining In Honolulu for a few months will take a limited number of pupils for VOCAL INSTRUCTION. Terms by the lesson or month. Com mencing on and after the 10th of July. "MIGNON," 720 Beretania Street, Honolulu. COOK'S MUSIC SCHOOL. Love's Building:: Fort St. FALL TERM BEGINS SEPT. 4th. Pupils who have not arranged for hours should apply at once. HONOLULU SANITARIUM. 10S2 KING STREET. Telephone 639. Dr. Luella S. Cleveland, medical sup erintendent. Hours: 9 a, m. to 5 p. m. Methods of Battle Creek, Michigan, Sanitarium. Baths of every descrip tion. Trained nurses in bath rooms as well as In sick room. Massage and manual movements. Electricity in every form. Classified dietary, etc Ample facilities for thorough examin ation. Dr. C. L. Garvin, consulting physician and surgeon. S. E. LUCAS, Parisian Optician. LOVE BUILDING, FORT STREET; Upstairs; P. O. Box 351. I carry a full line of ALL KINDS OF GLASSES from the CHEAPEST to the BEST. Free Examination of the Eyes. WATER IS SCARCE Too Mach IrriptiDE of Lawns and Gardens. PUMPS RUNNING NIGHT AND DAY More Water Being: Drawn from Nuuanu Reservoirs Than Is Flowing In. "I don't want to be considered as an alarmist," said Captain J. W. Pratt yesterday, "but if anything should hap pen to the Beretania street pumps just about this time there would be a wa ter famine in Honolulu." "The condition of affairs is just this," continued the man who is in charge of the Water Works Bureau during the absence of Superintendent Andrew Brown, "the city is being sup plied with water, almost entirely from the Beretania street station. The pumps there are supposed to have a capacity of 2,400,000 gallons per day of twenty-four hours, but we are now pumping every day in the week three and a half million gallons, or nearly one-half more water than the normal capacity of the pumps. Of course, the fact that the water comes from flowing wells assists the pumps, as the water is really only pushed along instead of being lifted bodily. We have to keep three shifts of engineers now, each working eight hours at a stretch, and the pumps never stop. V'The Makiki pumps run all day steadily, but close down at night as soon as the reservoir fills up. "Up the valley the reservoirs are in a bad way. There are just 1,400,000 gallons per day running over the weir, equal to 106 miners' inches an hour, but, unfortunately, we are drawing out every day more than is running in, and the reservoirs keep getting lower. If we do not have rain very shortly we shall have to turn the water from the weir directly into the mairis, which means shutting off the electric lights in the streets. There is a big loss of water at the reservoirs from evapora tion alone, which would be partially stopped by this means. "If people would only stop and think a little while, I am satisfied they would be more careful in using water. In ad dition to the big increase of population in the city, there have been a large number of houses built the last few months. Now we can prove by data in the office that new residences use three or four times as much water the first year that they do afterwards. The reason is a simple one;, the owners plant trees, shrubbery and grass and use all the water they can to get things started. "Another thing that may surprise some of your readers is that the people of Honolulu use more water per capita than in any city of the United States. We can prove this assertion by statis tics any time you want them. "Then again, the transports require a lot of water. No charge is made for the water they require, consequently before leaving they fill up everything on board that will hold water, and some of them can carry an awful lot. "All we ask of the people," said Cap tain Pratt, in conclusion, "is that they will not waste any water until it rains. After the summer 'fains commence we shall not care how much water is used, but in the meantime it is as well that everybody should understand that our water supply depends entirely on the Beretania street pumps keeping up with the present strain." Since the above was in type a. tele phone message from the Government Electric Light Station at 11 o'clock last night stated that three-quarters of an inch of rain had fallen there since morning. Council of State. President Dole has called a meeting of the Council of State for 11 o'clock on Wednesday. He said last night that the business to be considered was the ! granting of certain pardons. r GOING AWAY. L. B. Kerr, the Queen-street mer chant, will go away on August 18th and from now until that date an nounces a departure sale at his big dry goods store, at prices that will make competition impossible. Only the highest grade of RED RUB BER is used in the Stamps made by the HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO. SOMO L FACTS H. P. Baldwin Gives Some Interesting Information Concerning This New Plantation. Senator H. P. Baldwin was seen by a representative of this paper yesterday with especial reference to the condition of affairs on Kihei plantation. For sev eral weeks past all sorts of rumors have been circulated to its detriment, and Mr. Baldwin, as an officer of the t company and one of its heaviest stock holders, was asked to make an authori- t tative statement for the public benefit. "It is not usual," said Mr. Baldwin, "to make public statements about plantation matters. There is nothing the matter with Kihei that I know of, land I visited every portion of the plan tation last week to show a friend of mine, also a plantation manager, over the property. However, there is noth- ing to hide or be kept secret concern ing its affairs, and the itruth can hurt no one. What do you want to know?" "First, as to the water supply, Mr. Baldwin?" "We have abundance of water more than we can possibly use for present requirements. In the first place, we have developed the natural water sources by sinking shafts and tunnel ing. This has been done at a spot about half a mile from the sea shore on what is called the lower lands of the plantation. Here we have sunk four 'separate shafts, or wells, in the solid rock, from all of which we have abun dance of water. These wells are all j within a distance of S00 feet and will eventually be connected itogether, so that the surplus water can be pumped to a higher level. j "From one of these circular, shafts, or holes, the No. 3, which is about .twelve feet across and about fifteen feet .'deep, from which a tunnel has been run about twenty feet long, there is now flowing from the tunnel about three and a half million gallons in twenty-four hours. It has been meas ured exactly by Mr. Pogue, but those are the figures in round numbers. For every foot of further development made we find that the flow of water still increases. This No. 3 hole, or well, is only one of four similar ones. These will be connected with .the main pumping plant and when this is done we shall have a water supply ot twelve million gallons per 'day from this source alone." "About the pumps, Mr. Baldwin, has there been any trouble on that ac count?" "Well, yes, some," was the answer. You see we put in some Garrett pumps to start with on the recommen dation of Engineer Schussler. These, however, did not work as well as we expected and we are now putting in two big Worthington pumps. Each of these will have a capacity for handling six million gallons in the twenty-four hours. The first of these, will be in operation about the first week in Sep tember, or say, the middle, at the very latest, and the second about six weeks inter. With these two pumps installed the plantation will be able to handle j twelve million gallons of water per day , of twenty-four hours, or more than we can use to advantage this season." "Now about the upper wells, Mr. Baldwin?" "These are the wells being sunk by McCandless Brothers. They are arte sian wells proper. They are being sunk about two miles from the shore and about a mile and a half further up from the pumping station I have just told you about. The land where these wells are being: sunk is just 200 feet above sea level, but the wells are be ing sunk to a depth or about 2o0 feet, reallv deeper than is necessary. I he McCandless people are now boring the fourth of these wells, which yield from four to five hundred thousand gallons per day of twenty-four hours each. As soon as the fourth well is completed we propose to connect the four togeth er and inaugurate a system of deep well pumps similar to that in use in the oil wells of Pennsylvania. Under this system one engine will furnish the power for the four pumps. This will be done in three of four weeks from now. The first cost of this pumping outfit is far cheaper than any other pumping machinery now in use in the Islands for the duties required of it, and if they work as well as we have ABOUT m reason to believe they will they will prove to be in addition more economi cal in running that any system now in use here. These four wells will give us two million gallons of water at this point, and when we need more we have only to bore more wells where they are needed." "There are various rumors afloat as to the quality of this water, Mr. Bald win. Can you give out any definite in formation as to that?" "Why not? Here are Dr. Walter Maxwell's certificates of his analyses of the water from these wells which we have submitted to him for examination. Here are three samples from the water on the lower level where .the big pumping station is. From the No. 1 shaft there are 51 grains of salt to each gallon of water, United States measurement. From the No. 3 shaft the analysis shows 44.28 grains to the gallon and from -the No. 4 shaft there are just 47.54 grains per gallon. The reason there is no sample from the No. 2 hole is because work has been discontinued at that place owing to ob stacles encountered. "Now, as to the water on the upper lands, the artesian water proper. Here are Dr. Maxwell's analyses from three samples taken on July 8th last. The first sample was taken while the water was still and before the pump . was started. It gives 5G.9 grains to the United States gallon. The second sam ple was taken after the pump had been connected and while the water was running from it; the analysis shows 52 grains of salt to the gallon. The third sample, showing 53.3 grains to the gallon, was taken after the pumps had been stopped and the water stand ing in the well for some time. The amount of salt per gallon should de crease with continuous pumping if we have the same experience as other plantations have had before." "How does the percentage of salt at the Kihei wells compare with those on other plantations?" was next asked. "Well, it is larger than that of Ewa but much less than many old-established and well-paying plantations on Maui. Take Paia, for example. Every body knows there has never been any trouble at Paia with the salt in its wa ter, and yet the average there for years has been 66 grains to the gallon. Yes, it has managed to pay dividends and raise as high as twelve tons of sugar to the acre in spite of 66 grains of salt per gallon of water. I have in mind an other old-established plantation which is paying big dividends on an average of 88 grains of salt per gallon of wa ter used." "What percentage of salt in the wa ter can be used without detriment to growing cane?" was next asked of Mr. Baldwin. "Well, Dr. Maxwell is the authority to consult on such matters. I under stand, however, that he has given it as his opinion that anything less than 100 grains of salt per gallon of water; will not hurt sugar cane, but anything j over that is liable to be injurious. I believe he fixes the dividing line at 100 grains per gallon." "About the new mill?" "That has already been ordered from the Honolulu Iron Works, and. the con tract calls for it to be in running order on January 1, 1901. The mill building is to be large enough to cover a mill of the capacity of 150 tons per day, but for the first year we have only asked the contractors for 125 tons daily ca pacity. The additions can be made aft er the first season's run." "One more question, Mr. Baldwin. What progress has "been made in plant ing?" "We have actually put in about 250 acres this season and we expect to plant enough to make fully a thousand acres, very likely more than that. We have abundance of seed cane for all our requirements, and we intend to get in as many acres as we can for the crop of 1901." JOr uUd IJtowiMEia iteSOUUTEEf PURE Makes the food mere delicious and wholesome e"IKQ 0-)E" H HABEAS CORPUS Chinese RemanM Ml to Custody of J. I Brown. JUSTICE FREAR'S FINAL DECISION The Court Rules That the Petition--ers Ware Never Legally Landed In These Islands. Following is the full text of the Im portant decision of Justice Frear in the Chinese habeas corpus eases, In which the petitioners are remanded to the custody of J. K. Brown, the special agent in Hawaii of the United States treasury department: The petitioners applied for a writ of habeas corpus which was Issued as prayed for directed to II. R. Hitchcock, J. K. Brown and Richard Ivers. Mr. Hitchcock returned that he was deputy marshal of the Republic of Ha waii and held the petitioners pursuant to the orders of J. K. Brown, United States Chinese Inspector, and not oth erwise". Throughout the case It was recognized that Mr. Hitchcock , had merely the actual custody for Mr. Brown, who claimed the legal custody. Mr. Brown returned that lie was United States Chinese Inspector and that as such and not otherwise ho held the petitioners; that they were Chineso subjects who arrived at the port of Ho nolulu from China, July 23, 1899; that he had inspected them in his said offi cial capacity and ascertained that they had not complied wTith the provisions of the treaty between the United States and China or the United States statutes or United States Treasury Department regulations relating to Chinese immi gration. Mr. Ivers was not served with the writ and so made no return, but it was orally stated by the Attorney General, who appeared for Messrs. Brown and Hitchcock, that these, last named gen tlemen alone held the petitioners and that Mr. Ivers liad nothing to do with them, whereupon counsel for the peti tioners deemed it unnecessary to ask for a further order of service upon Mr. Ivers. The petitioners replied to Mr. Brown's return, denying that he, as United States Chinese Inspector or otherwise, had authority, under the laws of the United States or the regu lations of the United States Treasury Department or otherwise, to retain the petitioners; or either of them, in cus tody, and alleging that he, the said Brown, in his official capacity as Chi nese Inspector, had permitted the peti tioners to land and that he and the said Hitchcock had afterwards seized the petitioners without authority of law and now held them for the pur poses of deportation. The first question raised was wheth er the inspector had lost control of the petitioners. For the purposes of this question it was conceded by counsel for the petitioners that Mr. Brown had the requisite authority to decide whe ther the petitioners had a right to land in the first instance; that he so decid ed adversely to the petitioners; that such decision, whether its validity could be inquired into by the court or not, was correct; and that he could lawfully bring the petitioners on shore and there keep them in custody for the purpose of inspecting them and while awaiting an opportunity to send them back to China. On the other hand, it was conceded by the Attorney General that if the petitioners had been allowed to land (in the legal sense, as distinguished from the mere coming on shore temporarily in com pliance with the exclusion laws) the inspector could not retake them for the purpose of deportation; in other words, that the authority of the Inspector ex- tended, at most, only to the exclusion of Chinese and not to the arrest and deportation of Chinese already in the country, even though unlawfully here. The question then was o:te of fact as to whether the inspector had allowed the petitioners to go at large so far as he was concerned; that is, to land or enter the country in the legal sense. In support of the view that he had done this, considerable testimony was introduced to the effect, in substance, that he had permitted the Hawaiian (Continued on Page 2.) O.. Ew OR I ; ! I ? t ? 1 1 U h i " HI J 1 7 At ..LA) w 4 H. .'