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Till; PACJFK roMMKKClAL AIVi:KTlKU: HONOLULU,. .JAXUAUY 3, 1500.
11 On -F . i on I ten prS ' th the It .1 2D THE PACIFIO Commercial Advertiser. WALTER G. SV.ITH EDITOR WKDNKSDAY JANTARY The leport that the surplus will be kept Intact, sanitary ned or no sani tary n ed. so as to make a record for Homebody, need.- to- be put. to an early test by a humane and progressive Council of State. Filters for the Nuiianu reservoirs would probably have kept down the figures of I ember mortality to where they belong. The amount of disease j fairly traceable to the valley surface water is something appalling. Interest in the Transvaal war now find n chance to gt In edgewise. With six daya' later news dun on the Mariposa thre ought i;o oe some tlr- rin bulletins at hand from our rrntln- odal ne!ghlor3 to divert the mind from; local excitemenu. - .cretary Kfxt doe .well to attack the Army system which promotes by nenlorlfy instead of mrit. If he bringi it down he will do more to increase the military safeguards of the nation than could be done by adding no.OOrt mov me.n to the permanent force. Automobile are improving all the; as the Nicaragua Canal bill- affon!3 time. A new electrical vehicle, manu-j ground enough to featt the influence of factum! in New Jersey, ran 100 miles concentrated wealth in Congress. We the other day without recharging. ' must work unceasingly, free from all The "cenuiry-'-'was donein pretty falr'over-eonfldence, or the Cullom -bill my speed, the tWns Uelftg even -honrs. Tor-f afford stiir another - example cf iu ty-four and one-half minutes. ponded animation. ' '" 1 ir Hon. Arthur Sewall returns to San I-Yanclsco instead of going to the Far Eat he will be able to do the Islands a service by telling of the plague as he ! knows It. Very likely by this time the yellow Mainland pre?s has killed off half our population. A few precise and sober words from a man of Mr. Sewall' standing would put a stop to all mis representation. Two cases which re?emble plague occurred yesterday and wvre at once removed to quarantine. The vigilance of (the inspectors Is now on a wire edge i and it is riot likely that even the Chin- ese will .succeed In hiding their sick, i When loners, long concealed, are. beinj brought to light there can be little doubt is to 'the thoroughness of the Military work. It often happena on tne King street c,3T8 that drunken United States sol diers make them untenable to women by profanity and Ovaer foul language. In an American city the conductor would put such men off or call a police man for th purpose, here tho con ductor acts as if lie enjoyed it he swear ing and is sometimes ho preoccupied with it that he forgets to stop the car when Indignant women want to get off and walk. The plan to remove the people of the infected district to detention camps is being carried out In a way to renew ronfldence in the sanitary authorities. Meanwhile Chinatown whore It Is not urned down will have to be made over completely. In the long run, if. the Ikwra of Health and tho Council of State do their full du'ty we may have no public occasion :to regret that the plague cane and went. Something was badly needed to break up official ap thy. . The- pnnr.pt way in which Charles li. Wilson volunteered with hia kms of contract laborers to assist the Hoard of Health commends him to the wholt community. He at once cleaned up the Kerosene warehouse district and did it with the thoroughness which might have been expected of a man of his ex ecutive part. Mr. Wilson has now been put in charge of the detention sta tion at Kallhl and is the right man in the right place. We await with scr.e anxiety the dl position of the S.m FrancUco health authcrl Jfl towards the landing of 1s' and freight. There li probably noth ing the ma'tter wlih the freight, though ( fumigation will doubtless be applied. If the precautions .op then well and good, but the care cf the Nippon Mam some months ago rhowa that the San Francisco official doctors who do not always differentiate plague from pneu monia go Into an absurd panic when ever the bulon Ic malady U mentioned in connection with Pacific o.ean com merce. ! f An interesting discussion appears! Hsewhere in thU paper as to the rigati of the yenr 13C0 to call itself the b-! ginning of The '.wentleth century. Rt. ! Rev. Alfred Willis, the Anglican Hishop of Honolulu contends tha: the da; of the new century will be January IstJ 1301, and in this the erudite editor of, the Indies Home Journal agrees wilh him. On the other h ind we find Re.-. 1 Sercno RUhop, I). R, master of mathe matics 4 wll as theology, contending lth th Pope that the century began wi:h the year 1D00. We will not pre tend to JeC! ! a rjucs-tion whre Doctor-, disagree but will report the con-! tenta of th year with entire faithful-' lies whether they appear in a preface or a postscript. OUIi I.NTEKKSTS IN CO.NUUESS. General Ha rt w II is apt to take ft lu gubrious view of things but that dor. nut warrant the public in thinking tha: he has found nc:hing tangible in th" opposition to the political re-creatio'i of i.iwaii a.s a t rrltory of th1 Fnke-d States. He recounize.s an I we .should rvog nize the fact that the sugar tri.t is u very powerful and active enemy. I: fought Annexation and might have beaten it but for the Sp.inih war. Ju-t lK-fore that war occurred Spree!;'!?. Oxnard and the re.-;t of theai began to inspire articles in the. San Francisco' Call and other Journals of like initia- tive against the reciprocity tr- aty. I: took the aroused tense of patriotic ur gency to -beat them ln: even then. wi;h : ine.se inlands annexe il. they wt-ra not dismayed. They saw a chance ti put Hawaii on a colonial basis where it woull ..e left to hhift 1'or itself econo- micauy ana iney are nw working to- 'ar(I that IU- If they succeed in making us colonial they will resume j . . ... liieir attacK on tue free atlmission c:f our sugars and do it with the powerful leverage of the American bct-isugar producers. Tnis is the danger General Hartwell foresees. He may overrate it; it is per haps natural in him to emphasize perils. Nevertheless the people here ix tist not make the mistake of under rating the opposition to the Cullom bill. The fate of so popular a measure SALT WATEIi FLUSHING. Now that sanitation is the chief top.c of local concern It may be well to re cur to Chief Hunt' Idea of flushing .the i sewers with bait water and see if the I means for that purpose cannot be pro i vided by the itime the sewers are ready fcr public use. Se.wers are a danger to health when ! flushing is Imperfectly done- and tho only way perfection can be had in this city, whero the fresh water reservoirs are so often low, i3 by employing oe?an brine. A sewer system peraiitted tc become clogged, or only half flushed, emits a deadly gas which finds its way i to everybody's 'bathroom. The result is diphtheria and kindred il :. But the history of the abatement of sewer gas diseases in a certain part of San Fran cisco which was once sondy visiied by ihem, shows beyond a doubt how much may be done in the remedial way by thorough flushing especially with saU water. This San Francisco example is an In teresting one. It3 hygienic and sani tary features .were unplanned but wen none the less effective on ithat account. John I. Spreckels and other capitalists put some money jnto the great Lurllne baths at the corner of Hush and Iarkir. .streets iu the midt of the district I where complaints about sewer gas had been most frequent. These baths nre supplied with fresh ocean waiter pump ed from the neighborhood of thr ChfT House, six miles away. Mr. Spreckel? and his partners did not think of sewer gas at all when they built the Lurline; they were merely after the silver quar ters of the great unwashed. Dut it turned out that the nightly emptying of the oig tank into the eewers so ef fectually cleaned and saked them that complaints of sewer gas in that district came to an end, diphtheria and mala rial fever nearly disappeared and the health rate along the line of the Lur llne's oatfljw is now as high as it Is on Pacific Heights, Presidio Heights and Nob Hill. We therefore take much stock in Chief Hunt's suggestion for Honolulu If a pumping station could be fixed somewhere on the waterfront and salt water lif ed to a place where it could enter the sewer system on high ground, !- X I f- X ft 4 itnmuw RT jumnuu X Largest Store, 4. r -H-fr-fr-WriTl-M .1 lilil ll-l-llii llllilllll Mil A A A A i A MiU M 1 1 1 1 u j i 1 1 H-l we saould have at slight cost an excel- lent sanitary adjunct which migU in time be extended bo as to supply wiirrewi hal for fir.o hydrants. th. HiKK 1!TH I.N CHl.WTOW.N. It is well to make Chinatown cle.n and the thing can be don?. Thtt place can aL-o be kepi clean, fin: how ar. the people living there to le cleansed from their bolily filth and male :. conform in future to sanitary usages? They have no baths of the'.." own; they cannot or will not go to the harbor tc. swim nor to Waik;ki; what are they to do? Thirty years :ig tni- problem pre sented itself in tin- congtstcd tfn men districts of New York city. The dir. anl odor of these, places were no. con fined to the little ronr.s and dark -!-Ia:s where the squalid poor tried t live but wer nuii h in evidence on the personnel, r.oards of Health clean" 1 the tenements but the people them selves went dirty and the rate of t'ae'i mortality was high. The problem tans. presented as most perplexing. I lie tenements had no baths; in fact theyj could not have enough to meet the! need. A few owners put baths in but the hxtures and even the oat'a tubs were stolen or sold by the half-starve.l tenants. Of course it was out of the question to ask these peopL? to pay for baths in barber shops or on ".lie water front and so it came a!out that the proletariat of w York literally smelt to heaven. Then some one thought of 'Jree public swimming tanks along 'the North and Kast rivers and these bene-1 factions were promptly established by Ihe city goverivnent. All the ohiTdri-n who could taiaeh an hour from work wont to these baths and i.r.anv adults followed suit fthor on taeir own mo tion or on that of the sanitary police. In a year the mortality in the tenement districts of -'the Fast side decreased 33 1-3 per cent and filth disease's made a bettor showing even than that.. The local application Is that there ought to be a laige, central free bath, supplied constantly with fresh ocem water, established in the heart of Chi natown say on River -street where the exhaust water could 1k returned at once to the harbor. We are sure that the natives and Japanese would make constant use of it and the Chinese could be compelled to. The youth of all resident Taces .would take to it naturally. The bath ought to be in t he- form of a tank, perhap.s one hundred feet long and fifty wide, concrete ov sides and bottom so that the thing could be scrubbed when emptied, and of a depth ranging from three feet at one end to nine at the other. To make It popular chute3, diving boa.ds, tra pezes and suspended rings t.houM be provided. There ought also to L-e shower baths. The cost of earn ing on such a place would be that of running the gasolene pumping plant for an hour or more each night, for scrubbing, lights and attendance. Whether towels ?hou!d be provided free Is a matter of detail. We cct.umend this proposal In all se riousness to the Council of State, as 3 measure of public sanitation which ha? found approval in places which are in much less need of It than Honolulu. We also commend it to 'the community, pressure -from which will perhaps be needed to induce the Council to ta';e action. This community has built mis sions and charities among the Asiatics but it has overlooked the faot that next to godliness is cleanliness. One cf the best beginnings for a savage when you want to Christianize him is to make him take n bath it is part of the cur riculum of ithe Indian school at Car lisle. In the case of our resident cool- ie, noevor, u nas become a ixeasure of safety to the rest of the community, .'ow fellow citizens, what do you think about it? If your views are faworabie you can do no helper than to Impress them upon the Government and the Council of S ate. Fortunately the surplus is big enough to provid; IAN Wonderful Bar Largest ALL for baths, fi'jfrs at the reservoirs and all the other sanitarv ureen. 'el T thJ Mood's Pills Favorite CathartK It is easy to purge, but that is net w bat fs wanted. A mild but sure and undis turbing cathartic will pet Nature to go ing, and relieve the head, the htomaca. the liver and all tho organs of the bodv jruinine many ana aangerous t- lis . i . . of a clogged corporeal drainage. Hood's Pills CUKF. Liver IIIh, sick hcad- - j ache. t''1'0"! constipation, without! CURB ache, biliousness, constipation, without!? TT" f .Vy TT TT? TT jm9k. purging, without pain, without violence, j S j ) A ff V M 12 11 7 V Liver nisi FAOlh IP Hood's rills are the only pills to take with Hood's &araparllla. Sold by all druggists. 25o. Bent by mail on receipt of price, by C i.ood & Co.. Lowell, Mai oliday Gifts.... If you are present take line of looking a look for a suitable at our elegant Such as TOILET, MANICURE TRAVELING, SHAVING SETS, Etc. Our stock was In this line. never more complete Perfumery! ! Of American, English and French man ufacture: in bulk, tingle bottTo and in beautiful cases. We carry a Fine Assortment of Leather Goods Of every description, and a large stock of Porcelain Ware! - For Toilet Requisite. " Step in and compare prices before purchasing. Glad to show you every thing. And don't fo-gct that we are agents for the celebrated Eastman's Kodaks and Cameras, which make very useful presents. . FORT STREET. H mm Stock at the Lowest Prices Ever Offered in this City. LIMES NEW GOODS. WE ilYITE I i ; ! Ml IIIPIIIIfM ! mm Residence Lots on Pacific Heights Are Now Offered For Sale. VStr No ie-idence prowrty having similar advantages and attractions, as for healtlifulness Ot location, having an elevation of from 170 to S0O feet, and affording the grandest marine and scenic views; as also it's proximity to the business part of tho city, being less than a mile from the Progress Mock, has ever before been presented to the people of Honolulu. One of the main features of this property, and procured at great expense, is the abundant supply'of nure spring watorr pronounced by Dr. C. U. Wood as being tho puiestand best drinking water obtainable in tho island, which is now being conducted into storage reservoirs upon the property by an inde pendent pipe line, aud will Government rates. or Guarantee. We GUARANTEE to all purchaser of Lots on PACIFIC HEIGHTS that wo will, within air months, provide rapid transportation to the highest lots on tbc property, connecting the same with the Honolulu Ifapid Tran sitl'os line on Pauoa Hoad at the beginning of Kaiulani Drire. TERMS: 1-3 Cash, 1-3 in one year, 1-3 in two years; interest, six per cent, per annum on deferred payments. Our carriage will convey parties" desiring to inspect tbs Property to and from the same. - ; EST For maps; and full particulars call at our Oftice. Room? 17 and S, Progress Block. Bruce Waring & Co. gams NSPECTIOK GHH bo Fppplied to residents a5 - f o TORE i 1 11 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 a'